双语阅读 | 新娘为什么爱穿白色婚纱?

Why Do Brides Wear White?新娘为什么爱穿白色婚纱?曹艺凡 供稿In many societies the color white has long been associated with purity and virtue, and that is one reason why some brides choose to wear white, especially in the West. More often than not, though, you will hear claims that brides wear white because “it’s tradition.” ; but historically, white was not the only color considered for wedding dresses. In fact, other colors were chosen far more frequently than white. For many centuries in Western societies, wedding dresses were of all different colors. This was for reasons of practicality as much as anything else. Brides tended to buy a wedding dress that could be worn again, or they simply wore the best dress they already owned. And white does not lend itself to practicality: it is difficult to keep clean and is therefore not ideal for many situations or for repeat wear. Many brides chose to wear dresses of other colors for their wedding and beyond. So why do so many of today’s brides wear white? They do so largely thanks to a trend that started with Queen Victoria’s 1840 wedding to Prince Albert.在很多国家,白色长期以来象征着纯洁和美德,这也是一些新娘选择穿白色婚纱的原因之一,尤其是在西方。但更多时候,你会听人说起新娘选择白色婚纱是因为“遵循传统”。但是纵观历史,白色并不是婚纱礼服的唯一颜色。事实上,选择其他颜色的远比白色更多。在西方社会,几百年来,婚纱有各种不同的颜色。这既是出于实用性的考虑,也有其他方面的考量。新娘倾向于购买可以再次穿着的礼裙,或者是穿她们自己拥有的最漂亮的裙子。而白色本身并不实用:它很难保持干净,因此在许多场合或重复穿着时并不是一个理想的选择。许多新娘选择在婚礼和其他场合上穿其他颜色的礼服。那么,为什么今天有这么多新娘穿白色的礼裙?这种流行趋势很大程度上是始于1840年维多利亚女王与阿尔伯特王子的婚礼。Unlike today, royal weddings in yonder years received a lot of coverage—albeit not in as many different mediums as we have now—and thus had a tendency to be trendsetting. The nuptials of Queen Victoria and Prince Albert were no exception. So when Victoria opted to wear a white gown (reportedly to show off the fine detailed Honiton lace produced by the British lace industry, which was floundering at the time), her fashion choice was widely reported in newspapers and magazines and was soon influencing domestic as well as international wedding trends. Initially embraced by wealthier brides, the trend of a white wedding gown eventually spread across all economic levels and was cemented as “tradition” in the 20th century.与今天不同的是,尽管不像我们现在有那么多不同的媒体,当年的皇家婚礼得到了大量的报道,所以容易引领潮流。维多利亚女王和阿尔伯特王子的婚礼也不例外。因此,当维多利亚选择穿白色礼裙时(据说是为了展示当时正处于困境的英国花边行业所生产的精致的霍尼顿花边),她的时尚选择被报纸和杂志广泛报道,并很快影响了国内和国际的婚礼潮流。最初只有较富裕的新娘选择的白色婚纱,后来成为所有经济阶层的新娘喜爱的礼服,并在20世纪固定下来成为了 “传统”。【Vocabulary】1. purity n. 纯洁2. practicality n. 实用性3. yonder adj. 那边的;那时的4. coverage n. 新闻报道5. albeit conj. 尽管6. nuptial n. (常作复数nuptials)婚礼7. flounder v. 困难重重;(在泥中)挣扎8. cement v. 加强;巩固(关系)(封面图片来源于摄图网,版权归摄图网所有)

双语阅读 | 为什么刘畊宏突然爆火?

Why Has Liu Genghong Become an Online Hit为什么刘畊宏突然爆火?何雅蕙 供稿Millions of people in China now share a common routine: A fitness session with their new star personal trainer Liu Genghong.现在,中国老百姓有一个共同日常:跟着他们的明星私教刘畊宏跳健身操。The couple is usually seen exercising to the fast-paced tune of pop singer Jay Chou’s “Compendium of Materia Medica” and others. Snippets of the workout where Liu appears in a red tank top and black slacks with his wife have since gone viral on social media.刘畊宏夫妇的运动常以流行歌手周杰伦的各种快节奏音乐为背景音乐,如本草纲目等。在刘畊宏的直播片段里,他常常身着红色背心和黑色短裤,与妻子一起做运动。他的直播在社交媒体上爆火。Liu’s workout sessions have been so popular that they have broken Douyin’s livestreaming record for 2022 so far, according to data analysis platform Chanmama. Within one month, his livestreams have been viewed nearly 40 million times altogether, with his most popular session attracting over 1 million live views.蝉妈妈数据分析平台显示,刘畊宏的健身直播爆火,打破了2022年抖音的直播记录。仅一个月内,他的直播总浏览量为4000万次,而他最火爆的健身操的实时直播观众超过了100万人。Liu’s followers have also increased from 5 million to 33 million in just 10 weeks.仅仅10周,刘畊宏的粉丝量就从500万涨到了3300万。“Li Jiaqi empties our wallet, Liu Genghong empties our body,” has become one of the most popular comments on microblogging platform Weibo lately.最近微博上的一热评称:“被李佳琦榨干了钱包,被刘畊宏榨干了身体”。Opportunity favors the prepared机会总是留给有准备的人Liu has been a fitness fanatic for more than 30 years, and has published several books, including A Fitness Book by Kent-Hung in 2004, and Fitness Can Change Your Life in 2014.刘畊宏对健身的狂热从30多年前就开始了。这期间,他曾出版了几本书籍,比如2004年出版的《畊宏健身书》以及2014年出版的《健身,就能改变人生》。In 2013, Liu participated in the CCTV2 weight loss programme Super Diet King, aka The Biggest Loser, as a motivational coach, and later also became a fitness instructor for the Jiangsu TV show Changing My Life, in which he also helped overweight people to become fit. After that, more fitness programs followed, including the 2017 Challenge the Limit show.2013年,刘畊宏担任CCTV2台减肥节目《超级减肥王》的健身教练。随后,他在江苏卫视《减出我人生》中担任总教练,指导超重的选手减肥。在此之后,他还参与了很多健身节目,比如2017年的《全能极限王》。In an interview with China Daily, Liu saidhis current popularity is not something he achieved in several months. Instead, it’s the result of many years of work.在《中国日报》的采访中,刘畊宏表示他现在的名气不是短短几个月内得来的,而是长达数年努力付出的结果。The time produces its heroes时势造英雄The online fitness business has seen a significant surge in China. According to a March report by Douyin, the number of fitness videos in 2021 increased by 134% while followers of such content were up by 208% compared with the previous year.线上健身在中国火速发展, 抖音3月的一份报告显示,与2020年相比,2021年抖音上的健身视频增加了134%,而相关内容的粉丝则增长了208%。Liu Genghong isn’t the only icon who has been able to get the attention of fitness enthusiasts recently. With her workout videos, German fitness model Pamela Reif has also built a massive fanbase with over 8.3 million followers on social platform Xiaohongshu.而刘畊宏也不是唯一一个吸引健身爱好者的健身偶像。来自德国的帕梅拉也在中国吸引了大量粉丝,她在小红书上的粉丝量超过了830万。【VOCABULARY】1. snippets n.片段2. fanatic n.(对某项活动的)狂热者3. surge n. 激增(封面图片来源于摄图网,版权归摄图网所有)

双语阅读 | 如何停止打鼾?

How Can I Stop Snoring?如何停止打鼾?何雅蕙 供稿Snoringhappens when the muscles in the tongue, roof of your mouth and throat relax and constrict airflow. “You can’t get a full breath of air, so things startvibratingas they try to allow you to breathe — and the vibration is the snoring sound,” said Dr. Kent Smith, a sleep dentist in Dallas and former president of the American Sleep and Breathing Academy.当人们舌头、口腔顶部和喉咙的肌肉松弛时,它们会阻塞气道,导致人们打鼾。来自达拉斯的睡眠牙医、美国睡眠和呼吸学会前主席肯特·史密斯博士说:“当你不能呼入足够的空气时,你的肌肉组织会开始振动,以让你正常呼吸。而这个振动的过程就是鼾声的来源。”Men are about twice as likely to snore as women are, and it can be caused by a number of things, including allergies, aging, a cold or even just thedistinctiveshape of your throat. Your weight may also play a role.男性打鼾的可能性大约是女性的两倍。打鼾有很多诱因,包括过敏、衰老、感冒,甚至只是因为你的喉咙形状独特。同时,体重也有一定的影响。Once you know you are a snorer, even a subtle one, it might be worthwhile to get a sleep test from a sleep clinic, Dr. Smith said. Most of the time, the first one can be done at home in one night and will tell you if your snoring is a symptom of a larger problem, likesleep apnea, based on how many times per hour it interrupts your sleep. Whether or not your occasional wood sawing is tied to wider problems, there are steps you can take to lower the night noise.史密斯博士说,一旦你发现自己打鼾,即使不严重,也应该去睡眠科做一个睡眠测试。大多数情况下,第一次测试可以在家里用一晚上的时间完成。该测试会记录每小时打鼾干扰你睡眠的次数,然后可以诊断出打鼾是否表明你的身体其实有更严重的问题,比如睡眠呼吸暂停综合征。无论你那锯木头一样震耳欲聋的鼾声是否指示出身体有恙,以下这些缓解打鼾的招数都值得你参考。Sleep on your side.侧睡About half of snorers with sleep apnea in one Israeli study were found to stop when they changed positions. There are pillows available to help you sleep on your side and shirts that make it uncomfortable to roll on your back. For the D.I.Y.-types, you can trysewingsome tennis balls onto the back of your night shirt.以色列的一项研究发现,约有一半患有睡眠呼吸暂停综合征的打鼾者在改变睡眠姿势后会停止打鼾。专门设计的枕头可以帮助你维持侧身睡眠,还有特制的睡衣可以使你仰面朝天睡觉的时候感到不舒服。让你自己尝试的话,可以试试看把几个网球缝在睡衣的背面,能达到相似的效果。Strengthen your tongue.锻炼你的舌头One of the most common causes of snoring is when your tongue slides back in your throat. The simplest way to prevent this is with a daily set of tongue exercises. But doctors said it can take weeks to have an effect and most people are notdiligentin keeping them up.打鼾的一个最常见的原因是你的舌头滑向喉咙。预防这种情况的最简单方法是每天做一套舌头练习。但医生说,这可能需要几周时间才能见效,而且大多数人都做不到持之以恒。Weight loss.减肥Another way for some people to decrease snoring is to lose weight. Body Mass Index (BMI) is reliably connected to snoring and sleep apnea, doctors said, though every throat is different. Losing weight will decrease the pressure on yourwindpipeand allow more air to pass.还有一个缓解打鼾的方法便是减肥。医生表示,尽管每个人的喉咙都不尽相同,但身体质量指数与打鼾和睡眠呼吸暂停综合征有着密切的联系。减肥可以减少气管承受的压力,能让更多空气通过气管。There are also a wide range of “anti-snoring” devices available to buy online, most totally worthless. Chin straps, nose clips and strips, nostril dilators — be wary of them, doctors said, they don’t work for everyone. Ahumidifiermight help you sleep better by moisturizing your nose and throat, but it probably can’t stop you from snoring.网上也可以买到各式各样的“防打鼾”器具,但大多数完全无效。防打鼾产品包括下巴带、鼻夹和鼻带、鼻孔扩张器等,但医生建议大家谨慎购买,因为它们并不是对每个人都有效。加湿器或许可以通过湿润鼻腔和咽喉改善睡眠,但它无法防止你打鼾。【VOCABULARY】1.snorev.打鼾,打呼噜2.vibratev.振动3.distinctiveadj.独特的4.sleep apnea睡眠呼吸暂停综合征5.sewv.缝制,缝上6.diligentadj.勤奋的7.windpipen.气管8.humidifiern.加湿器(封面图片来源于摄图网,版权归摄图网所有)

练习 | 战争如何影响全球经济

How Does War Affect the Global Economy?战争如何影响全球经济刘立军 供稿TRANSCRIPTOur world is more interconnected than ever. So when conflicts happen, they affect the economies of many other countries.Usually, neighboring countries suffer the most. They are the most impactedby geopolitical tensions and refugee flows, which can put a major strain on resources. But countries with strong trade links can also be severely impacted. A contraction in commodity trade would not only raise prices of commodities, but it can put a denton consumer confidence and purchasing power.High inflation diminishes real incomes and suppresses demand for goods and services eating into consumer spending. When this happens, financial conditions could tighten as central banks raise interest rates. And if confidence is hit hard, demand could significantly decrease.Right now, we’re seeing tightening measures go faster and further in some countries. And that is worrisome for countries that are in a tight place to begin with. It will weigh on economic growth and distresses on public finances and potentially even add to risks of social unrest, especially for countries dependent on food and energy imports.In countries with weak social safety nets and few job opportunities, scarcity and rising prices will hit poor and vulnerable households the hardest.Policymakers will have to strike the delicate balance between containing inflation and supporting the economic recovery from the pandemic. This can be especially challenging as volatilityin global financial markets reduces business confidence and limits investment. Longer term, this could have implications on the global supply chain system and integrated financial markets.While the future is still very uncertain, we may see significant changes in the global economic order as the energy trade flows shift, payment systems fragment, and countries rethink their financial dependence on each other.VOCABULARY1.impactv.冲击,撞击2. dentn.a reduction in the amount of something减少,削减,耗减。例如:The trip made a big dent in our savings. 这次旅行花掉了我们一大笔积蓄。3. volatilityn.易变性;反复无常QUESTIONSRead the statements. Then listen to the news and decide whether the statements are true (T) or false (F).Then correct the false statements.1.Our world is lessinterconnected than ever. 2. When conflicts happen, they affect the economies of allcountries. 3. Neighboring countries usually suffer the most, and theyare the most impacted by geopolitical tensions and refugee flows. 4. Countries with weaktrade links can be severely impacted. 5. A contraction in commodity trade would decreaseprices of commodities.6. High inflation diminishes real incomes and suppresses demand for goods and services eating into consumer spending. 7. Warwill add to risks of social unrest, especially for countries dependent on food and energy exports.8. In countries with weak social safety nets and morejob opportunities, scarcity and rising prices will hit poor and vulnerable households the hardest. 9. Policymakers will have to strike the delicate balance between containing inflation and supporting the economic recovery from the pandemic.KEYRead the statements. Then listen to the news and decide whether the statements are true (T) or false (F).Then correct the false statements.(F)1.Our world is lessinterconnected than ever.(正确表达)Our world is moreinterconnected than ever.(F)2. When conflicts happen, they affect the economies of allcountries.(正确表达)When conflicts happen, they affect the economies of many other countries.(T) 3. Neighboring countries usually suffer the most, and theyare the most impacted by geopolitical tensions and refugee flows. (F) 4. Countries with weaktrade links can be severely impacted.(正确表达)Countries with strongtrade links can be severely impacted. (F) 5. A contraction in commodity trade would decreaseprices of commodities.(正确表达)A contraction in commodity trade would raiseprices of commodities.(T) 6. High inflation diminishes real incomes and suppresses demand for goods and services eating into consumer spending. (F) 7. Warwill add to risks of social unrest, especially for countries dependent on food and energy exports.(正确表达)Warwill add to risks of social unrest, especially for countries dependent on food and energy imports.(F) 8. In countries with weak social safety nets and morejob opportunities, scarcity and rising prices will hit poor and vulnerable households the hardest.(正确表达)In countries with weak social safety nets and fewjob opportunities, scarcity and rising prices will hit poor and vulnerable households the hardest. (T) 9. Policymakers will have to strike the delicate balance between containing inflation and supporting the economic recovery from the pandemic.(封面图片来源于摄图网,版权归摄图网所有)

练习 | 为什么你可能会经历精神上的隆冬

Why You May Be Experiencing a Mental Midwinter?为什么你可能会经历精神上的仲冬时节?刘立军 供稿TRANSCRIPTEvery year, nature quietly takes us through a moral lesson that has much to teach us about how we might relate to certain of the more dispiritingand despair-inducing moments in our own development. Beginning in mid-October in the northern hemisphere, the temperature drops, the nights draw in, the earth turns cold and hard, fog lies low over the land and rain drives hard across the austere, comatosegrey-brown landscape. There is nothing immediate we can hope for; now we have nothing to do but wait, with resignedpatience, until something better shows up.Far more than we can generally accept, our minds too have cycles. We cannot be permanently fruitful or creative, excited or open. There are necessary times of retrenchmentwhen, whatever we might desire, there seems no alternative but to stop. We can no longer be productive; we lose direction and inspiration. We are immovably numb and sterile.It can be easy to panic: why should such a paralyzed and detached mood have descended on our formerly lively minds? Where have all our ideas and hopes gone? What has happened to our previous animation and gladness?We should, at such times, take reassurance from the late November landscape. Certainly, things are lifeless, cold and in suspension. But this is not the end of the story; the earth is like this: not as a destination but as a phase. The deadness is a preludeto new life; the fallowperiod is a guarantorof fecunddays to come. All living organisms need to recharge themselves; old leaves have to give way; tired limbs must rest. The dance and fermentcould not go on. It may look as if nothing at all is happening, as though this is a trancewithout purpose. Yet, deep underground, at this very moment, nutrients are being gathered, the groundwork for future ebullienceand dynamism is being laid down, another summer is very slowly collecting its strength.As nature seeks to tell us, we cannot permanently be in flower. We need moments of reposeand confusion. There is nothing to fear. Things will re-emerge. We should make our peace with our own midwinters ― and lean on nature’s wise accommodation to strengthen us in our pursuit of serenityand patience.VOCABULARY1.dispiritingadj.making sb. lose their hope or enthusiasm令人沮丧的;使人气馁的。例如:a dispiriting experience/failure令人沮丧的经历/失败2. austereadj. simple and plain; without any decorations朴素的;简陋的;无华饰的。例如:her austere bedroom with its simple narrow bed她那仅有一张窄床的简陋卧室3. comatoseadj. (humorous, usedfigurativelyin the text) extremely tired and lacking in energy; sleeping deeply(有幽默意味,在文中为修辞用法)困乏的;无精打采的;酣睡的4. resignedadj. being willing to calmly accept sth. unpleasant or difficult that you cannot change安然接受的;顺从的。例如:He was resigned to never seeing his birthplace again.他认命了,甘愿永不再去他的出生地。5. retrenchmentn.节省;(开支)6. sterileadj. lacking individual personality, imagination or new ideas紧缩刻板的;无个性的;缺乏新意的。例如:He felt creatively and emotionally sterile.他感觉自己既缺乏创造力又没有充沛的感情。7. suspensionn. the act of delaying sth. for a period of time, until a decision has been taken暂缓;推迟;延期。例如:These events have led to the suspension of talks.这些事件导致谈判延期。8. preluden. an action or event that happens before another more important one and forms an introduction to it序幕;前奏;先声9. fallowadj. (of a period of time一段时期) when nothing is created or produced; not successful空闲的;休眠的;不成功的。例如:Contemporary dance is coming onto the arts scene again after a long fallow period.当代舞蹈经过一段长时期的销声匿迹之后现在又回到了艺术舞台。10. guarantorn. a person who agrees to be responsible for sb. or for making sure that sth. happens or is done担保人;保证人。例如:The United Nations will act as guarantor of the peace settlement.联合国将充当和平解决方案的保证人。11. fecundadj. producing a lot of good or useful things多产的;丰饶的12. fermentn. (formal) a state of political or social excitement and confusion(政治或社会上的)动乱,骚动,纷扰。例如:The country is in ferment.这个国家动荡不安。13. trancen. a state in which sb. seems to be asleep but is aware of what is said to them, for example if they are hypnotized昏睡状态;催眠状态。例如:to go/fall into a trance进入/陷入昏睡状态14. ebulliencen.(感情等的)奔放,兴高采烈;沸腾15. reposen.(literary) a state of rest, sleep or feeling calm休息;睡眠;平静;镇静16. serenityn. calmnessand peace平静;宁静;安详。例如:The hotel offers a haven of peace and serenity away from the bustle of the city.那家旅馆远离闹市,是一个幽静安谧的好去处。QUESTIONSRead the passage. Then listen to the news and fill in the blanks with the information (words, phrases or sentences) you hear.Every year, nature quietly takes us through a moral lesson that has much to teach us about how we might relate to certain of the more dispiriting and despair-inducing moments in our own development. Beginning in mid-October in the northern hemisphere, the temperature drops, the nights draw in, the earth turns (Q1) ______________________, fog lies low over the land and rain drives hard across the austere, comatose grey-brown landscape. There is nothing immediate we can hope for; now we (Q2) ________________________, with resigned patience, until something better shows up.Far more than we can generally accept, our minds too have cycles. We cannot be permanently fruitful or creative, excited or open. There are necessary times of retrenchment when, whatever we might desire, there seems no alternative but to stop. We can no longer be productive; we lose (Q3) __________________________________. We are immovably numb and sterile. //It can be (Q4) ___________________: why should such a paralyzed and detached mood have descended on our formerly lively minds? Where have all our ideas and hopes gone? What has happened to our previous animation and gladness?We should, at such times, (Q5) ________________________________________. Certainly, things are lifeless, cold and in suspension. But this is not the end of the story; the earth is like this: not as a destination but as a phase. The deadness is a prelude to new life; the fallow period is a guarantor of fecund days to come. All living organisms need to (Q6) ______________themselves; old leaves have to give way; tired limbs must rest. The dance and ferment could not go on. It may look as if nothing at all is happening, as though this is a trance without purpose. Yet, deep underground, at this very moment, nutrients are being gathered, the groundwork for future (Q7) ____________________is being laid down, another summer is very slowly collecting its strength.As nature seeks to tell us, (Q8) ____________________________. We need moments of repose and confusion. (Q9) ____________________. Things will re-emerge. We should make our peace with our own midwinters ― and lean on nature’s wise accommodation to strengthen us in our pursuit of (Q10) _________________________. KEYRead the passage. Then listen to the news and fill in the blanks with the information (words, phrases or sentences) you hear.Every year, nature quietly takes us through a moral lesson that has much to teach us about how we might relate to certain of the more dispiriting and despair-inducing moments in our own development. Beginning in mid-October in the northern hemisphere, the temperature drops, the nights draw in, the earth turns (Q1) cold and hard, fog lies low over the land and rain drives hard across the austere, comatose grey-brown landscape. There is nothing immediate we can hope for; now we (Q2) have nothing to do but wait, with resigned patience, until something better shows up.//Far more than we can generally accept, our minds too have cycles. We cannot be permanently fruitful or creative, excited or open. There are necessary times of retrenchment when, whatever we might desire, there seems no alternative but to stop. We can no longer be productive; we lose (Q3) direction and inspiration. We are immovably numb and sterile.It can be (Q4) easy to panic: why should such a paralyzed and detached mood have descended on our formerly lively minds? Where have all our ideas and hopes gone? What has happened to our previous animation and gladness?We should, at such times, (Q5) take reassurance from the late November landscape. Certainly, things are lifeless, cold and in suspension. But this is not the end of the story; the earth is like this: not as a destination but as a phase. The deadness is a prelude to new life; the fallow period is a guarantor of fecund days to come. All living organisms need to (Q6) rechargethemselves; old leaves have to give way; tired limbs must rest. The dance and ferment could not go on. It may look as if nothing at all is happening, as though this is a trance without purpose. Yet, deep underground, at this very moment, nutrients are being gathered, the groundwork for future (Q7) ebullience and dynamismis being laid down, another summer is very slowly collecting its strength.As nature seeks to tell us, (Q8) we cannot permanently be in flower. We need moments of repose and confusion. (Q9) There is nothing to fear. Things will re-emerge. We should make our peace with our own midwinters ― and lean on nature’s wise accommodation to strengthen us in our pursuit of (Q10) serenity and patience.(封面图片来源于摄图网,版权归摄图网所有)

练习 | 战争如何影响新兴市场

How Does War Affect Emerging Markets?战争如何影响新兴市场刘立军 供稿TRANSCRIPTThe current war in Ukraine has affected countries all around the world. But when it comes to economic impact, emerging markets in particular face added risks. Let’s look at why.Russia and Ukraine are major commodity producers and the combination of sanctionsand disruptionsin production have led to a drop in supply. The result has been major global price hikes for food and energy. Wheat, for example, has reached record prices as Russia and Ukraine supply 30% of global exports. Oil and gas prices have soared as well.These changes differ in impact across emerging markets. Some emerging market exporters, like the Gulf economies, stand to benefit from rising proceeds, while large importers of these commodities like Georgia, Egypt, and Poland could be badly hit. But these price rises are likely to increase inflation in all emerging and advanced economies. And when the countries face high inflation, central banks are usually pressed to raise interest rates, which typically reduces demand and puts the brakes on GDP growth. This will set emerging markets back in their already slow recovery from the pandemic, while making it more expensive to pay their debts.Higher interest rates in advanced economies and an increase in geopolitical risk could also lead investors to move capital away from emerging markets and towards advanced economies to chase rising, safer returns. This would result in emerging-market currencies depreciating, adding to the already accelerating inflation. It could also raise the cost of borrowing across emerging markets and increase the burden of debt. For countries that had high debt even before the war, this could be especially challenging.Policymakers will need to navigatedifficult trade-offsbetween managing inflation and debt levels, while also supporting vulnerable households and economic activity.VOCABULARY1.sanctionn.(usually plural) an official order that limits trade, contact, etc. with a particular country, in order to make it do sth., such as obeying international law制裁。例如:The economic sanctions have been lifted.经济制裁业已取消。2. disruptionn.中断3. depreciate v. to become less valuable over a period of time贬值;跌价。例如:New cars start to depreciate as soon as they are on the road.新车一上路就开始贬值。4. navigatev. to find the right way to deal with a difficult or complicated situation找到正确方法(对付困难复杂的情况)。例如:We next had to navigate a complex network of committees.我们下一步必须设法应对复杂的各级委员会系统。5. trade-offn.权衡;协调QUESTIONSRead the statements. Then listen to the news and decide whether the statements are true (T) or false (F).Then correct the false statements. 1.The current war in Russiahas affected countries all around the world. 2. Russia and Ukraine are major commodity producers. 3. Russia and Ukraine supply 40% of global exports. 4. Some emerging market importers, like the Gulf economies, stand to benefit from rising proceeds, while large exporters of these commodities like Georgia, Egypt, and Poland could be badly hit. 5. Theprice rises are likely to increase inflation in all emerging and under-developedeconomies. 6. When the countries face high inflation, central banks are usually pressed to decreaseinterest rates.7. Higher interest rates in advanced economies and an increase in geopolitical risk could also lead investors to move capital away from emerging markets.8. Policymakers will need to navigate difficult trade-offs between managing inflation and debt levels.KEY Read the statements. Then listen to the news and decide whether the statements are true (T) or false (F).Then correct the false statements.(F)1.The current war in Russiahas affected countries all around the world.(正确表达)The current war in Ukrainehas affected countries all around the world.(T) 2. Russia and Ukraine are major commodity producers. (F)3. Russia and Ukraine supply 40%of global exports.(正确表达)Russia and Ukraine supply 30%of global exports. (F)4. Some emerging market importers, like the Gulf economies, stand to benefit from rising proceeds, while large exportersof these commodities like Georgia, Egypt, and Poland could be badly hit.(正确表达)Some emerging market exporters, like the Gulf economies, stand to benefit from rising proceeds, while large importersof these commodities like Georgia, Egypt, and Poland could be badly hit. (F)5. Theprice rises are likely to increase inflation in all emerging and under-developedeconomies.(正确表达)Theprice rises are likely to increase inflation in all emerging and advancedeconomies. (F)6. When the countries face high inflation, central banks are usually pressed to decreaseinterest rates.(正确表达)When the countries face high inflation, central banks are usually pressed to raiseinterest rates.(T) 7. Higher interest rates in advanced economies and an increase in geopolitical risk could also lead investors to move capital away from emerging markets.(T) 8. Policymakers will need to navigate difficult trade-offs between managing inflation and debt levels.(封面图片来源于摄图网,版权归摄图网所有)

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