新闻听力 | 人工智能意味着音乐的消亡还是更多的创造力

Will AI Mean Death of Music or More Creativity?慢速/CET-4偏难/451词/4min2s刘立军 供稿Part I. QUESTIONSListen to the news and choose the best answer to each question you hear.Q1. What is the main purpose of the research being conducted at Queen Mary University of London?A. To create a documentary on music history.B. To understand the ethical concerns of AI in music.C. To develop new virtual worlds of music using AI tools.D. To compete with traditional methods of music production.Q2. What kind of technology does the instrument called Netz use?A. Virtual reality.B. Augmented reality.C. Analog synthesis.D. Acoustic engineering.Q3. How can the HITar generate additional sounds?A. By using strings from different musical instruments.B. Through normal guitar playing techniques.C. By amplifying the soundwaves in the environment.D. With built-in AI sensors that respond to human movements.Q4. Which musician expressed a concern about the potential overuse of AI in music?A. Amy Love.B. John Lennon.C. Yungblud.D. Edith Piaf.Q5. Based on the text, what can be inferred about Warner Music’s partnership with the estate of Edith Piaf?A. It aims to produce an album of unreleased songs.B. It is focused on digital remastering of old tracks.C. It involves re-creating her voice using AI for new projects.D. It seeks to produce a biographical film about her life.Q6. What issue is associated with AI’s place in the music production chain according to Mathieu Barthet?A. The need for advanced equipment.B. The requirement for appropriate guidance and rules.C. The lack of interest from musicians.D. The difficulty in producing original content.Part II. TRANSCRIPTWill AI Mean Death of Music or More Creativity?Inside a recording room at Queen Mary University of London, several researchers are working with new artificial intelligence (AI) tools. (Q1) Their aim is to develop what they call the “new virtual worlds” of music. intelligence n. 智力;才智;智慧Andrea Martonelli and Max Graf are among more than 30 doctoral students working with Mathieu Barthet, a senior lecturer in Digital Media. They are exploring the possibilities of computational creativity and generative AI. Generative AI is a term that describes technology tools designed to operate at human levels. Together, the researchers have set up a futuristic studio where music meets cutting-edge technology. doctoral adj. 博士的;博士学位的Graf showed off a virtual instrument to reporters with the Reuters news agency. Graf calls the instrument Netz. (Q2) Netz is played through an augmented-reality headset. Augmented-reality equipment combines the real world with computer-created content. The device Graf uses follows body movements to create musical sounds like notes and chords. (Q3) Martonelli played a HITar, a guitar with AI sensors added to it. The sensors can read his movements to create percussive, or drum-like sounds. These sounds cannot be made with a normal guitar.chord n. 和弦;和音sensor n. 传感器percussive adj. 打击声的;打击乐器声的AI can be found in music-making, dating back to the 1950s. But recent progress in generative AI has led to divided opinions on the technology. Generative AI grew in popularity last year thanks to the ChatGPT language system. Generative AI can create new sounds, words for music or entire songs on its own. But artists usually use simpler AI to add to their sound. British musician Yungblud said he believes AI can help his music go “to another direction.” Other musicians worry that the technology could go too far. (Q4) Amy Love plays in the English rock group Nova Twins. She said she is not in favor of music that includes artificially generated voices of actual artists. She said she feels the same way about using dead artists’ voices in songs. In November, the Beatles released the song “Now and Then.” It is considered the group’s last song and includes the voice of Beatles musician John Lennon, who died in 1980. Lennon’s voice sounds were taken from an old recording and re-created with AI. (Q5) New York City-based entertainment company Warner Music said in November it was partnering with the estate of the late French singer Edith Piaf to re-create her voice using AI.Many experts say AI raises legal and ethical concerns. But guidelines on generative AI are still only in their early stage. (Q6) Barthet said, “I think AI can have its place in the music production chain.” But he added that is only possible if the technology is guided in the right way and if there are rules in place to make sure that musicians keep some amount of control. ethical adj. (有关)道德的;伦理的I’m Jill Robbins.Part III. KEYQ1. C.主旨题。文章中提到:“Their aim is to develop what they call the ‘new virtual worlds’ of music.”意为:“他们的目标是使用人工智能工具开发他们所说的音乐的‘虚拟新世界’。”因此答案为C。 Q2. B.细节题。文章中提到:“Netz is played through an augmented-reality headset.”意为:“Netz通过增强现实头戴式设备来演奏。”根据此句,可以确定名为Netz的乐器使用的是增强现实技术。因此答案为B。Q3. D.细节题。文章中提到:“Martonelli played a HITar, a guitar with AI sensors added to it. The sensors can read his movements to create percussive, or drum-like sounds.”意为:“马托内利演奏带有人工智能传感器的HITar,这些传感器可以读取他的动作,从而制造打击乐或鼓声。”根据此句,可以确定HITar通过内置的AI传感器读取动作来产生声音。因此答案为D。Q4. A.细节题。文章中提到:“Amy Love plays in the English rock group Nova Twins. She said she is not in favor of music that includes artificially generated voices of actual artists.”意为:“艾米·洛夫是英国摇滚乐队诺Nova Twins中的一员。她说她不赞成在音乐中加入对艺术家的真实演唱进行人工合成后获得的声音。”根据此句,可以确定艾米·洛夫对AI在音乐中潜在的过度使用问题表示了担忧。因此答案为A。Q5. C.推理题。文章中提到:“Warner Music said in November it was partnering with the estate of the late French singer Edith Piaf to re-create her voice using AI.”意为:“华纳音乐公司在11月份表示,它正在与已故法国歌手Edith Piaf的遗产管理处合作,使用人工智能重新创造她的声音。”因此答案为C。Q6. B.细节题。文章中提到:“Barthet said, ‘I think AI can have its place in the music production chain.’ But he added that is only possible if the technology is guided in the right way and if there are rules in place to make sure that musicians keep some amount of control.”意为:“巴特说:‘我认为AI可以在音乐生产链中占有一席之地。’但他补充说,只有当技术得到正确引导并且有规章确保音乐人能对AI的参与保持一定程度的控制时,这才有可能发生。”根据此句,可以确定巴特提到AI在音乐生产链中的地位与需要适当指导和规章有关。因此答案为B。(本文图片来自摄图网,版权归摄图网所有。)

新闻听力 | 晒太阳与皮肤癌

晒太阳与皮肤癌Sun and Skin Cancer常速/词汇:CET-6/812词/5min20s刘立军 供稿Part I. QUESTIONSListen to the interview and choose the best answer to each question you hear.Q1. According to Dr. Frank Pega, what is a primary cause of non-melanoma skin cancer in outdoor workers?A. Exposure to loud noise.B. Direct contact with certain chemicals.C. Intense sunlight exposure.D. Poor diet and nutrition.Q2. How does Dr. Frank Pega describe the global prevalence of workers exposed to intense sunlight?A. 1 in 10 workers globally.B. 1 in 6 workers globally.C. 1 in 4 workers globally.D. 1 in 2 workers globally.Q3. What types of jobs did Dr. Frank Pega mention as examples of outdoor work with intense sunlight exposure?A. Farmers and office workers.B. Farmers and construction workers.C. Teachers and healthcare workers.D. Construction workers and office workers.Q4. What can be deduced regarding the protection measures available to outdoor workers in the informal economy?A. They lack health protections that come with formal employment.B. They are well-informed about the risks of sun exposure.C. They have robust health protections similar to formal employment.D. They are not affected by non-melanoma skin cancer as much as others.Q5. Based on the dialogue, what can be inferred about the incidence of non-melanoma skin cancer deaths among outdoor workers?A. It has peaked and is now declining.B. It predominantly affects workers in high-income countries.C. It is considered an occupational disease in all countries.D. It is equally distributed across all regions worldwide.Q6. According to Dr. Frank Pega, how has the problem of non-melanoma skin cancer changed over the past 20 years?A. The problem has remained stable.B. The number of cases has decreased.C. The number of cases has doubled.D. The problem has been fully resolved.Q7. From the suggestions provided by Dr. Frank Pega, what inference can be made about the role of governments in addressing the risks of outdoor work?A. Governments are currently focused on treating skin cancer rather than preventing it.B. Governments can play a significant part in preventing outdoor work-related health hazards.C. The role of governments is minimal as private companies have taken charge of worker safety.D. Only governments in low- and middle-income countries need to take action.Q8. According to the discussion, which regions already have regulations in place to protect outdoor workers from sun exposure?A. Eastern Mediterranean and Western Pacific.B. North America and Eastern Europe.C. South Asia and Central America.D. Sub-Saharan Africa and South-East Asia.Q9. What is the main focus of the dialogue between Vismita Gupta-Smith and Dr. Frank Pega?A. The benefits of working outdoors.B. The economic impact of skin cancer.C. The protection against skin cancer for outdoor workers.D. The advancements in skin cancer treatment.Part II. TRANSCRIPTWHO’s Science in 5: Sun and Skin CancerVismita Gupta-Smith: WHO and the International Labour Organization have recently released estimates about how many workers are exposed to sunlight at work, and how many of them get skin cancer, specifically non-melanoma skin cancer as a result of long exposure to sun. How does sun cause skin cancer? Who is at risk and how can you, your employer, and your government keep you safe? Here to talk about it is Dr Frank Pega. Welcome, Frank. Frank, explain to us how intense exposure to sunlight can cause non-melanoma skin cancer.non-melanoma skin cancer 皮肤癌,非黑瘤皮肤癌Dr Frank Pega: Outdoor workers regularly work under the intense sun, sometimes for really long periods of time. (Q1) And sun comprises ultraviolet radiation. When this type of radiation hits skin cells, it can damage their DNA. And that can in turn lead to skin cancer, where these skin cells basically grow uncontrolled. There are two main types of skin cancer. Melanoma is the more deadly type. We looked at non-melanoma, which is the type that is less deadly but much, much more common and a big problem. Non-melanoma skin cancer commonly appears as either a red firm lump or a flat, scaly patch that doesn’t heal for several weeks, so outdoor workers are at a 60% increased risk compared to indoor workers from having a non-melanoma skin cancer. This kind of skin cancer is commonly seen on the face, on the ears, or on the head, but also the arms and the legs where workers are most exposed to the sun. So, for example, imagine a farmer who plants or harvests rice. That worker will be exposed intensively to the sun for a really long time, and the surface of the water that has flooded the fields that the worker is standing in will be reflecting back, aggravating the exposure.ultraviolet adj. 紫外线的melanoma n. 黑素瘤;黑瘤Vismita Gupta-Smith: So Frank, talk to us about how many people get non-melanoma skin cancer as a result of sun exposure at work, and does this depend on what kind of country we live in, whether we are in a low-income, middle-income or high-income country?Dr Frank Pega: It’s many more people who are working outdoors and who die as a result of non-melanoma skin cancer from this exposure than we could have possibly imagine before we did our estimates. (Q2) About one in four workers globally is actually exposed to intense sunlight at work. That’s a staggering 1.6 billion people globally. staggering adj. 令人难以相信的Vismita Gupta-Smith: (Q3) So these are the farmers in the rice field, the construction workers, the people who are working in the non-organized sector for long hours under intense sunlight.Dr Frank Pega: That’s correct. (Q4) So these are outdoor workers who live primarily in low- and middle-income countries and who are often working in the informal economy where they don’t have any health protections that formal employment would afford to them. One in three non-melanoma skin cancer deaths are actually from working under the sun, so that’s about 19,000 deaths globally each year. (Q5) If you work outdoors, you’re at a higher risk and we find that the number of people who die from non-melanoma skin cancer in each region per population is almost equal. So it’s a global problem. (Q6) Additionally, it’s a growing problem because the numbers have doubled in the last 20 years.Vismita Gupta-Smith: So Frank, what can governments do and what can workers do to protect themselves from long exposure to intense sunlight and from skin cancer?Dr Frank Pega: (Q7) Governments can pass regulations and policies that can prevent outdoor work that is hazardous because it’s under the sun. For example, governments can reorganize work, they can require that workers reorganize so that working under the sun has shifted away from solar noon, and therefore away from the intense sun. Governments can also implement requirements that workers are provided with shade when they work outdoors. This is something we’ve seen a lot. (Q8) Countries in the Eastern Mediterranean region and the Western Pacific already have these types of regulations in place. Additionally, governments can provide public health information. This is very important. They can talk about sun safety protocols and protective measures that can be taken. Also important, as there can be a requirement that workers are provided with protective clothing. They can wear broad brimmed heads, long sleeved shirts, long trousers and also there could be a provision of sunscreen where it’s effective and deemed possible. Additionally, it’s important that we have functioning health services and systems where skin cancer is prevented and we have workers being regularly checked so that skin cancer can be detected early and can be treated. And finally but importantly, governments can recognize skin cancer from occupational exposure to the sun as an occupational disease and include it in worker’s compensation schemes.protocol n. 条约草案;协议 brimmed adj.有帽檐的provision n. 提供Vismita Gupta-Smith: Thank you, Frank. That was Science in 5 today. Until next time then, stay safe, stay healthy and stick with science. Part III. KEYQ1. C. 细节题。文本中Dr. Frank Pega提到:“And sun comprises ultraviolet radiation. When this type of radiation hits skin cells, it can damage their DNA.”意为:“阳光包含紫外线辐射。当这种辐射击中皮肤细胞时,可以损坏它们的DNA。”根据此句,明确指出阳光中的紫外线辐射是导致非黑色素瘤皮肤癌的原因。因此答案为C。Q2. C. 细节题。文本中Dr. Frank Pega提到:“About one in four workers globally is actually exposed to intense sunlight at work.”意为:“全球大约有1/4的工人在工作时暴露于强烈的阳光下。”这个比例说明了这个问题的普遍性。因此答案为C。Q3. B. 细节题。Vismita Gupta-Smith说道:“So these are the farmers in the rice field, the construction workers...”意为:“所以这些是在稻田里的农民、建筑工人……”。通过这个描述,我们知道哪些工种的工人更容易暴露于强烈阳光之下。因此答案为B。Q4. A. 推理题。文本中Dr. Frank Pega提到:“...who are often working in the informal economy where they don’t have any health protections that formal employment would afford to them.”意为:“……他们通常在非正规经济领域工作,在那里他们没有正式就业所能提供给他们的任何健康保护措施。”根据此句,我们可以推断非正规经济领域的户外工作者缺乏正式就业所带来的健康保护。因此答案为A。Q5. D. 推理题。文本中Dr. Frank Pega提到:“...the number of people who die from non-melanoma skin cancer in each region per population is almost equal.”意为:“……每个地区因非黑色素瘤皮肤癌死亡的人数与人口数量之比几乎相等。”基于这个信息,我们可以推断该病状在全球范围内分布相对均匀。因此答案为D。Q6. C. 细节题。文本中Dr. Frank Pega提到:“Additionally, it’s a growing problem because the numbers have doubled in the last 20 years.”意为:“此外,这是一个日益严重的问题,因为在过去20年中,这个数字翻了一番。”根据这个描述,我们可以推断出非黑色素瘤皮肤癌的情况正在恶化。因此答案为C。Q7. B. 推理题。文本中Dr. Frank Pega提到:“Governments can pass regulations and policies that can prevent outdoor work that is hazardous because it’s under the sun...”意为:“政府可以通过法规和政策来预防因在阳光下工作而带来的危险……”。根据这句话,我们可以推断政府在预防户外工作相关健康风险方面扮演着重要角色,并能够通过立法和政策干预来降低这些风险。因此答案为B。Q8. A. 细节题。文本中Dr. Frank Pega提到:“Countries in the Eastern Mediterranean region and the Western Pacific already have these types of regulations in place.”意为:“东地中海地区和西太平洋地区的国家已经制定了这类规定。”这些具体的地区已有保护工人免受阳光暴露的法规。因此答案为A。Q9. C. 主旨题。整段对话的核心焦点是讨论户外工人如何防范因长时间暴露于强烈阳光而引起的皮肤癌。文本多次提到户外工作与皮肤癌之间的关系以及预防措施,例如政府可以做什么,工人如何保护自己等等。因此答案为C。 (本文图片来自摄图网,版权归摄图网所有。)

教学素材 | 当爱变得坎坷

When love isn’t easy当爱变得坎坷词汇:考研| 句法:四级 | 文本:考研刘立军 供稿Once again, the night finds you awake, wrestling with the complexities of love. Dinner brought another debate. You attempted to explain your reactions and behaviors in the relationship, but were met with your partner’s growing frustration over their own grievances. 夜幕再次降临,你却依旧清醒,内心纠缠于爱情的纷繁纠葛之中。晚餐时分,一场辩论再度上演。你试图解释自己在这段感情中的反应与行为,然而却遭遇伴侣自身不满情绪的日益加剧。grievance n. 委屈;抱怨;牢骚Both of you made commendable efforts to communicate calmly and kindly. After a long two-hour dialogue, you separated on an almost tender note, retreating to separate rooms. 为了能够以平静且善意的态度进行沟通,你们双方都做出了值得称许的努力。经过长达两个小时的对话,你们在一种几近温柔的氛围中暂别,回到了各自的房间。Yet here you are at 3a.m., listening to the rain and plagued by doubts. You question what mistakes you’re making in love. Are you and this genuinely good person meant to be together? Why does it have to be so challenging?然而,此刻已是凌晨三点。你独坐聆听雨声,心中却被疑虑所困扰。你反思自己在爱情中究竟犯下了何种错误。你与这位真诚善良之人是否真的注定携手一生?为何这段感情必须如此艰难?The thought of leaving crosses your mind, imagining new relationships, but that thought quickly sours at the prospect of starting anew. You’d miss your partner and the memories and hope you once shared. But the path forward is unclear, and you wish for someone wise and kind to offer guidance. 离别的念头闪过脑海,你想象着新的恋情,然而一想到要重新开始,这念头便迅速变得苦涩。你会怀念你的伴侣,怀念你们曾经共有的美好回忆与期望。然而,前方的道路迷雾重重,你多么渴望有一位智者能给予你温柔的指引。However, you realize that more than answers, you seek understanding; someone to acknowledge the struggle of not having a clear solution, simply saying, ‘I know, I know…’ 然而你意识到,比起答案本身,你更渴望得到理解;你期盼有人能感同身受那种找不到明确的解决之道时的挣扎,只是说:“我懂,我懂……”。Sometimes solutions aren’t what we need. We crave validation and empathy for our dilemmas. It’s comforting to know we’re not foolish for facing these issues, that we’re not alone, and that perhaps this challenge is just one of life’s constants. 有时,我们需要的并非解决方案。我们渴望他人对我们所处困境的认可与共鸣。如果能知道我们在面对这些问题时并不愚蠢,知道自己并不孤单,知道这种挑战不过是生活中不可避免的一部分,这样会让人感到宽慰。empathy n. 同感;共鸣;同情A dose of sobering philosophy might help, acknowledging that life is inherently tough, existence is messy, and love can seem an insurmountable task because we’re all only human. 此时,一剂清醒的哲学观或许会对我们有所帮助:承认生活本就艰难,存在本身就是混乱的,而爱情这一关似乎难以逾越,只因我们皆为凡人。insurmountable adj. 无法克服的;难以解决的;不可逾越的Ideally, you wanted to resolve this flawlessly, as you would any problem at work or at home. But matters of the heart are not like organizing a cupboard or balancing finances. 理想情况下,你希望能像处理工作中或家里的问题那样完美地处理这段感情。然而,感情之事并非如整理衣柜或平衡财务那般简单。Very few people have this aspect of life figured out — probably less than 1%. Yes, you’ve stumbled, but you’re not exceptionally deficient for it. You’re typically flawed, typically unsettled, embarking on a journey that is exceptionally, extraordinarily difficult. 很少有人能真正参透人生的这一面——也许不足百分之一。没错,你已经跌跌撞撞,但你并不那么差劲。你只是普通人,有着平凡的缺陷,你正踏上的是一条异常艰难的人生旅途。It’s hard for you, and indeed, for everyone. 这对你来说很难,实际上,对每个人也是如此。 (本文图片来源于摄图网,版权归摄图网所有)

新闻听力 | 讨人喜欢的10个迹象

讨人喜欢的10个迹象10 Signs You’re More Likeable Than You Realize TEM-4听力语速/六级(CET-6)偏易/1129词/7分30秒刘立军 供稿Part I. QUESTIONSListen to the passage and choose the best answer to each question you hear.Q1. What is mentioned as the first sign that you are more likeable than you realize?A. Receiving compliments and positive feedback frequently.B. People actively seeking your company.C. Strangers feeling comfortable approaching and talking to you.D. Laughter often surrounding you.Q2. According to the text, what does it signify when strangers approach and talk to you?A. You have an innate ability to make people feel at ease.B. You are an expert in social dynamics.C. You are always looking for new friends.D. You are a good storyteller.Q3. When people extend small acts of kindness toward you, what does this indicate?A. They expect something in return.B. They see you as someone who needs help.C. They are naturally inclined to be kind to those they truly like.D. They want to impress you with their generosity.Q4. What may be the possible reason if people tend to confide personal information or secrets to you?A. Because they owe you a favor.B. Because they have no one else to talk to.C. Because they want to spread rumors.D. Because they view you as an empathetic and non-judgmental listener.Q5. What type of compliments suggest you are genuinely cherished for who you are on the inside?A. Compliments that reference your character qualities.B. Compliments that focus on your physical appearance.C. Compliments about your professional achievements.D. Compliments on your sense of style.Q6. How does laughter in your presence reflect on your likability?A. It reveals that you are likely a professional comedian.B. It means that you don't take life seriously.C. It shows that you are always telling jokes.D. It indicates that others find you engaging and pleasant to be around.Q7. What can be inferred about a person who often receives suggestions to work together on projects?A. They might be perceived as an authority in their field.B. They may be considered reliable and cooperative by their peers.C. They likely prefer working alone.D. They probably have limited social skills.Q8. What may be the possible reason if others seek out your point of view according to the text?A. They are required to get multiple opinions for decision-making.B. They want to validate their own opinions.C. They respect your character and reputation.D. They are testing your knowledge.Q9. Based on the text, what does spontaneous support from others indicate?A. People care about your well-being and value you.B. Others are interested in your personal affairs.C. You have an obligation to reciprocate their help.D. You are perceived as someone incapable of managing alone.Q10. What is the overall message of the text? A. The importance of being humorous in all interactions. B. The relationship between receiving help from others and your popularity. C. The fact that you are probably more likeable than you expect. D. The need to become more approachable to strangers.Part II. TRANSCRIPT10 Signs You’re More Likeable Than You RealizeYou know those folks who effortlessly attract friends, seamlessly connect with everyone, and leave a trail of positivity wherever they go? Have you ever paused to wonder if you might be one of them? In the whirlwind of daily life, (Q10) it’s easy to overlook the subtle signals whispering that you’re actually more liked than you give yourself credit for. It’s time to turn the spotlight inward and explore the tell-tale signs that suggest you might be one of those genuinely likeable individuals after all!seamlessly adj. (两部分之间)无空隙的,不停顿的whirlwind n. 混乱; 破坏性的力量或事物#1 People Actively Seek Your Company(Q1) If you notice that others actively make an effort to include you and spend time with you, it’s a clear indicator that they find your presence enjoyable. When planning events or meetups, your friends or colleagues ensure you’re available and able to attend, emphasizing that your involvement is integral to the overall enjoyment of the gathering. This attentiveness reflects a profound appreciation for the positive energy and contributions you bring to the group dynamic.attentiveness n. 注意#2 Strangers Feel Comfortable Approaching and Talking to YouIf this is the case, you probably have an innate ability to make people feel acknowledged when you first engage. You likely exude an inviting energy that puts others at ease. (Q2) Something about your demeanor and open body language signals your receptive presence, making people feel comfortable approaching you and initiating conversation. Even a brief exchange of words leaves the other person feeling seen and heard. Overall, your approachability and accessibility reflect your inherent warmth and compassion, inviting people to open up and connect.innate adj. 天生的;先天的;与生俱来的exude v. 感觉或品质)显现demeanor n. 行为,举止,态度receptive adj.(对新观点、建议等)愿意倾听的,乐于接受的#3 Kindness Gravitates Toward YouDo you ever receive small, thoughtful gifts from others just because…? Or maybe you’ve noticed that your co-worker consistently reserves a seat for you at those early morning meetings. (Q3) These thoughtful acts are akin to personal gestures of kindness, indicating that people are naturally inclined to extend such niceties to those they truly like. So, if you frequently find yourself on the receiving end of such considerate acts, see it as a quiet endorsement from the universe, affirming that your likability is shining through.nicety n. 细节;细微的差别#4 People Confide in You with Personal Information or SecretsOne telltale sign that you’re more likable than you realize is that people confide in you and trust you with personal information or secrets. (Q4) Your reputation as an empathetic, non-judgmental listener makes them feel comfortable opening up to you about sensitive topics they might not share with others. When friends are going through tough times, they know they can turn to you for a listening ear without fear of criticism. Your open and accepting nature creates a welcoming atmosphere and encourages them to be vulnerable and honest with their feelings. Even casual acquaintances sense your compassion and find it easy to talk to you about deeper issues.#5 You Frequently Receive Compliments and Positive FeedbackCompliments signify that you’ve made a positive impression on someone. When people take the time to express their appreciation, it reinforces your appeal and value in their eyes. And, the more you receive kind words, the more evidence there is that you are well-liked by those around you. (Q5) Sincere compliments, especially those referencing your character like “you’re so thoughtful” or “you always know how to cheer me up,” are particularly meaningful. These types of compliments are a direct acknowledgment of your inner qualities. If you find yourself regularly on the receiving end of such feedback, it’s a strong sign that you are genuinely cherished for who you are on the inside.#6 Laughter Often Surrounds You(Q6) Laughter is an instinctive response to enjoyment and comfort, and when it frequently accompanies your presence, it indicates a genuine affinity. Your ability to bring about laughter not only reflects a sense of humor but also shows that others find you engaging and pleasant to be around. Even in tense situations, your ability to find humor and share a genuine laugh can cut through awkwardness or discomfort. Your tendency to smile and laugh often puts others at ease, spreads positive energy, and makes social interactions more enjoyable. Inside jokes, in particular, signify a level of intimacy and shared experiences, making your connections stronger and more meaningful.affinity n. 密切的关系#7 People Frequently Suggest Working Together on Projects or ActivitiesReceiving frequent invitations to collaborate with classmates, colleagues, or new acquaintances is quite significant. (Q7) It means peers hold your contributions in high regard and find you to be reliable and pleasant to work with. They recognize your positive traits that would benefit teaming up on projects big and small, whether it’s talent, work ethic, creativity, or the friendly and cooperative spirit you bring to the team. Being sought after for partnerships truly reflects the recognition of the positive dynamic you bring to shared endeavors. People want you to contribute your time and energy alongside them because it enhances the experience for everyone involved.#8 Others Often Ask for Your AdvicePeople ask for advice when they want an honest, thoughtful response from someone they respect. (Q8) The fact that others seek out your point of view reflects well on your character and reputation. It means people not only enjoy your company but also appreciate your intellect. Those who turn to you for guidance likely see you as dependable, insightful, and wise beyond your years. Your advice is valued because it comes from a place of thoughtfulness, empathy, and sincere concern.#9 Your Online Presence Reflects PositivityIn a digital world, your online presence can reveal a great deal about how you are perceived. When your interactions consistently reflect positivity, it signals that your placed trust, rapport, and goodwill have earned you respect and likeability within your social circles. It’s not just about the posts you share or the comments you leave; it’s about creating a vibe that resonates with people. When your content and conversations add value by informing, inspiring, entertaining, or helping others, it creates enjoyable exchanges that make you appreciated.rapport n. 亲善;融洽;和谐vibe n. 感应; 气氛resonate with sb. 使产生联想;引起共鸣#10 You Tend to Receive Spontaneous Support(Q9) When others offer to help you out or lend a hand without you even needing to ask, it’s a clear sign that people genuinely care about your well-being. Whether it’s offering to give you a ride when your car is in the shop or bringing over a home-cooked meal when you’re feeling under the weather, these gestures show that others want to support you when you need it most. Such actions speak volumes about how much you are valued by those around you.Reflecting on the signs we’ve covered, it’s likely that you have many qualities that make you pleasant to be around. Even if you don’t notice it yourself, others do respond positively to your warmth, kindness, dependability, and wisdom. These traits not only attract friends and opportunities but also enrich the lives of those around you.Part III. KEY Q1. B. 细节题。原文提到:"If you notice that others actively make an effort to include you and spend time with you, it’s a clear indicator that they find your presence enjoyable." 意为:“如果你发现其他人活动时积极努力地想带上你与你共度时光,这是一个明确的迹象表明他们发现你的存在令人愉快。”所以正确答案是 B。 Q2. A. 细节题。原文提到:"Something about your demeanor and open body language signals your receptive presence, making people feel comfortable approaching you and initiating conversation." 意为:“你的举止和开放的肢体语言表达了你的接纳态度,让人们觉得接近你很舒服并开始对话。”因此答案是 A。 Q3. C. 细节题。原文提到:"These thoughtful acts are akin to personal gestures of kindness, indicating that people are naturally inclined to extend such niceties to those they truly like." 意为:“这些关切的行为类似于个人的善意姿态,表明人们自然倾向于将这种善意延伸到他们真正喜欢的人身上。”因此答案是 C。 Q4.D. 细节题。原文提到:"Your reputation as an empathetic, non-judgmental listener makes them feel comfortable opening up to you about sensitive topics they might not share with others." 意为:“你作为一个有同情心、不带评判的倾听者的声誉使他们在敏感话题上乐于向你敞开心扉,这些话题他们可能不会与其他人分享。”因此答案是 D。 Q5. A. 细节题。原文提到:"Sincere compliments, especially those referencing your character like 'you’re so thoughtful' or 'you always know how to cheer me up,' are particularly meaningful." 意为:“尤其是那些涉及你性格的真诚赞美,比如‘你如此体贴’或‘你总是知道怎么让我高兴起来’,特别有意义。”这表示这些类型的赞美是对你内在品质的直接认可。因此答案是 A。 Q6. D. 细节题。原文提到:"Laughter is an instinctive response to enjoyment and comfort, and when it frequently accompanies your presence, it indicates a genuine affinity." 意为:“笑声是感到享受和舒适的本能反应,当你的出现经常伴随着笑声时,这表明是一种真正的亲近关系。”因此答案是 D。 Q7. B. 推理题。原文提到:"It means peers hold your contributions in high regard and find you to be reliable and pleasant to work with." 意为:“这意味着同龄人非常重视你的贡献,并认为你是一个可靠而愉快的合作伙伴。”因此答案是 B。 Q8. C. 推理题。原文提到:"The fact that others seek out your point of view reflects well on your character and reputation." 意为:“其他人寻求你的观点这一事实很好地反映了你的性格和声誉。”因此答案是 C。 Q9. A. 推理题。原文提到:"When others offer to help you out or lend a hand without you even needing to ask, it’s a clear sign that people genuinely care about your well-being." 意为:“当别人无需你请求就提供帮助或伸出援手时,这是一个明确的信号,表明人们真正关心你的福祉。”因此答案是 A。 Q10. C. 主旨题。原文:"...it's easy to overlook the subtle signals whispering that you're actually more liked than you give yourself credit for..." 意为:“人们很容易会忽视一些小迹象。而这些迹象证明你其实比你自己认为的更受人欢迎。”因此答案是 C。(本文图片来源于摄图网,版权归摄图网所有)

新闻听力 | 笑的科学

笑的科学The Science of Laughter 语速:CET-6听力 / 词汇:七级(考研)易 / 篇幅:630词 / 时长:4分55秒 刘立军供稿 Part I. QUESTIONSListen to the talk and choose the best answer to each question you hear. Q1. What physical changes occur when a person laughs, as described in the text?A. Teeth show involuntarily and eyes water.B. Abdominal muscles contract and breathing patterns change.C. Heart rate increases dramatically.D. Reflexes are enhanced and muscle control improves. Q2. According to the text, to what purpose do scientists believe laughter may have evolved?A. To signal distress in dangerous situations.B. As a way for humans to develop language.C. To clearly indicate friendly, non-aggressive intent.D. To aid digestion after meals. Q3. How has the function of laughter changed after humans diverged from other great apes, according to the text?A. It has remained unchanged throughout human evolution.B. It became less frequent and quieter in humans than in apes.C. The contagious nature of laughter was lost.D. Laughter started to convey a broader range of contexts and subtle meanings. Q4. How do observers distinguish between different kinds of laughter, as found in studies?A. By the duration of the laughter.B. By the volume of the laughter.C. By identifying whether the laughter sounds real or fake.D. By the facial expressions of the laughing person. Q5. What might be the outcome of frequent laughter?A. It could potentially improve cardiovascular health and stress management.B. It may lead to increased levels of stress hormones.C. Frequent laughter usually results in diminished social bonds.D. Laughing often causes people to lose control over their speech. Part II. TRANSCRIPT The Science of Laughter (1) Isn’t it odd that, when something’s funny, you might show your teeth, change your breathing, become weak and achy in some places, and maybe even cry? In other words, why do we do this bizarre thing that is laughter? bizarre adj. 极其怪诞的;异乎寻常的 (2) (Q1) When you laugh, your abdominal muscles contract rapidly. This alters your breathing patterns, increasing the pressure in your chest cavity, and pushing air out, which might audibly emerge as a snort, wheeze, or vocalization. Because you’re exerting your abdominal muscles much more than you usually would while talking, they may start to hurt. Laughter also inhibits your reflexes and muscle control, causing sensations like leg weakness. chest cavity 胸腔snort n.(尤指表示气愤或被逗乐的)喷鼻息,哼inhibit v. 阻止;阻碍;抑制 (3) So, where does this funny phenomenon come from? Because there’s no archaeological record of laughter, it’s impossible to say exactly how and why it evolved, but scientists have some theories. Importantly, humans are not the only animals today that do something like laughter. Using ultrasonic recorders, researchers in the late 90s realized that rats were basically giggling while being tickled. Scientists have since compiled evidence of at least 65 species - mostly mammals, but also some birds - that vocalize during social play. Some, unsurprisingly, are our closest relatives. compile v. 编写(书、列表、报告等);编纂 (4) By recording and analyzing the sounds primates make while playing and being tickled, researchers grew more convinced that the ancient ancestor of all great apes did something like laughter. And, because other apes make laughter-like sounds during rough-and-tumble play, (Q2) they think laughter may have originally developed to clearly signal friendly, non-aggressive intent. (5) But of course, humans don’t just laugh when we’re wrestling, but also when we’re amused, and even surprised, confused, or nervous. Some scientists think laughter took on expanded functions after humans split from other great apes and developed large social groups and more complex language abilities. (Q3) They hypothesize that laughter gradually became something we could use not just during play but within speech to convey subtle meanings and a range of contexts to show our emotions. (6) This is thought to be one of the reasons that laughter is contagious: it’s like an invitation to share in someone’s emotional state. Just hearing clips of laughter can activate key regions in your brain, triggering you to smile or laugh yourself. And when participants in one study watched a funny video, they laughed significantly longer and more often when another person was present – even though they reported feeling the same level of amusement. contagious adj.(疾病)接触传染的 (7) Human laughter is also generally louder than the play vocalizations of most animals. Some scientists speculate that this is because our laughter functions not only as a signal between individuals, but a broadcast to everyone around. (8) Studies found that observers across the world and as young as 5 months old could reliably tell the difference between close friends and acquaintances just from brief clips of them laughing. (Q4) Similarly, we can tell whether a laugh is real or fake based just on the sound. Fake, or volitional, laughter is produced in entirely different networks in the brain, relying on speech-like pathways. Meanwhile, spontaneous laughter arises from older networks that other animals also use for their vocalizations. And laughter is not just socially important; it’s also thought to be good for us. When we laugh, our brains release feel-good neurotransmitters like endorphins, and decrease levels of stress hormones like cortisol. (Q5) Some research even suggests that people who laugh more can cope with stress more effectively and have better cardiovascular health. (9) Laughter is a universal human behavior. Babies can laugh before they can speak. Whether it’s the best medicine depends on your ailment. But as something that makes life more tolerable, strengthens bonds, and potentially improves aspects of your health, you can’t go wrong with a good laugh. Unless you have a broken rib or something. Then it’s no laughing matter. Certainly nothing to crack up about. ailment n. 轻病;小恙Part III. KEY Q1. B. 细节题。文章第(2) 段提到:“When you laugh, your abdominal muscles contract rapidly. This alters your breathing patterns...” 意为:“当你笑时,你的腹部肌肉会快速收缩。这改变了你的呼吸模式……”。因此答案为B。 Q2. C. 细节题。文章第(4) 段提到:“...they think laughter may have originally developed to clearly signal friendly, non-aggressive intent.” 意为:“……他们认为笑声最初可能是为了清晰地表达友好、非攻击性的意图而发展起来的。”因此答案为C。 Q3. D. 推理题。文章第(5) 段提到:“They hypothesize that laughter gradually became something we could use not just during play but within speech to convey subtle meanings and a range of contexts to show our emotions.” 意为:“他们假设笑声逐渐成为我们不仅在玩耍中使用,而且在言语中用来传达微妙含义和一系列情境以显示我们的情感的东西。”这说明笑声的功能随着人类从其他大猿类分化后发生了变化,开始承载更广泛的含义和情绪表达。因此答案为D。 Q4. C. 细节题。文章第(8) 段提到:“Similarly, we can tell whether a laugh is real or fake based just on the sound.” 意为:“同样,我们可以只根据声音判断笑声是真是假。” 因此答案为C。 Q5. A. 主旨题。文章第(8) 段提到:“Some research even suggests that people who laugh more can cope with stress more effectively and have better cardiovascular health.” 意为:“一些研究甚至表明,笑得更多的人可以更有效地应对压力,并拥有更好的心血管健康。” 这表明经常笑可能带来的一个结果是改善心血管健康和压力管理。因此答案为A。 (封面图片来自摄图网,版权归摄图网所有)

新闻听力 | 快乐人生七准则

快乐人生七准则7 Rules for a Happy Life 语速:CET-4听力/ 词汇:六级(CET-6)偏易/ 篇幅:1006词/ 时长:6分27秒 刘立军 供稿Part I.QUESTIONSListen to the talk and choose the best answer to each question you hear. Q1. According to rule one, how should onedeal with negative thoughts about the past?A.By focusing on the present and embracing the now.B.By seeking professional help to overcome them.C.By trying to go back and change what happened.D.By holding onto the judgments of others. Q2. What does rule two advise against whendealing with critics?A.Completely ignoring all feedback.B.Consulting your inner compass for guidance.C.Being influenced by opinions that don't align with core values.D.Accepting thoughtful critiques from caring people. Q3. What is suggested as a natural healeraccording to rule three?A.Immediate action to fix problems.B.Forcing a resolution to issues quickly.C.Constantly revisiting and analyzing setbacks.D.Patience and allowing time to pass. Q4. What does rule four identify as the "thief of joy"?A.Setting too many goals.B.Not acknowledging hurdles you've overcome.C.Comparing yourself to others.D.Celebrating small milestones. Q5. In rule five, what is a person advisedto do when feeling overwhelmed?A.Rush to achieve their goals.B.Take a deep breath and stay calm.C.Give up on unclear paths.D.Pressure themselves more. Q6. What does rule six highlight aboutpersonal power and happiness?A.The importance of controlling external circumstances.B.That happiness is conditioned by perfect life situations.C.Taking responsibility for your own happiness.D.That achieving goals instantly is necessary for joy. Q7. What overall message do these sevenrules convey?A.That happiness is completely out of an individual's control.B.That major life changes are needed to find happiness.C.That happiness can only be achieved with the absence of stress.D.That adopting certain habits can increase one's happiness.Part II.TRANSCRIPT 7 Rules for a Happy Life What does it really take to live a happylife? Navigating a world full of stress, negativity, and uncertainty, the questfor genuine happiness can feel like a wild goose chase. But the truth is, itdoesn’t need to be so difficult. (Q1) Small, intentional changes in ‘how youthink and act’ can significantly impact your ability to experience joy. This video highlights 7 simple rules thatanyone can follow to invite more happiness into their life. And whilepracticing these habits does take effort, those who embrace them oftenexperience the benefits of increased calmness, confidence, and a more cheerfuldisposition! (1) Don’t Let Yesterday Define Today All of us have had bad days. Times when itfeels like the world is against us or we’ve made mistakes that haunt us. It’sso easy to obsess over the past and replay upsetting events in our mindsas if we could go back and change what happened. But we can’t. Embrace the nowand make the most of today. Forgive yourself for past mistakes and releaseothers from your judgment. (Q2) When negative thoughts about the past creepin, consciously refocus your mind on the gifts of the present; the sights,sounds, and feelings available right now. Each moment is an opportunity tolive fully, so don’t ruin a good today by thinking about a bad yesterday.obsess v. 唠叨;挂牵;念念不忘 (2) Tune Out the Critics Everybody wants to feel accepted andvalued by others. However, seeking constant validation leads nowhere good.You’ll twist yourself into a pretzel, trying to be what you think others wantyou to be. Instead, make a habit of checking in with your inner compass. Whatdo you truly want? What principles matter most, deep down? (Q3) Learn torecognize when someone’s judgments don’t align with your core values.Their opinions might sting, but don’t let them sway you. Stay grounded inwhat you know to be right and important. Of course, this doesn’t meandisregarding all feedback; we all have blind spots. It’s wise to listen when acaring person makes a thoughtful critique. But ultimately, you are theexpert on you. Sift through the noise and focus on what resonates with yourtrue self. align with 使一致critique n. 评论 (3) Allow for Time’s Natural Mend When life hands you heartache, or you facea setback, it’s hard to imagine that things will ever get better. (Q4) Butif you can summon the patience to wait it out, time will provide theperspective you need. With the passing days, months, and years, your woundswill slowly mend, the intensity of emotion will fade, and you’ll gain theclarity to understand why things happened the way they did. Trust that yourcircumstances will improve if you allow them the time to do so. Don’t try torush the process or force a resolution. Let things unfold naturally. As youmove forward, you’ll start to rediscover meaning, purpose, and possibilitiesfor the future. Obviously, time alone doesn’t make wounds disappear entirely.But when you’re patient and nurture yourself through the process, your resiliencegrows. nurture v. 扶持;帮助;支持resilience n. 快速恢复的能力;适应力 (4)Don’t Compare Yourself to Others (Q5) Comparing yourself to others istruly a thief of joy. It will only leave you discouraged as you fixate onwhat you lack. There will always be someone who appears more successful,talented, or well-liked than you. But the only yardstick that truly matters isyourself. Focus on being a little bit better today than you were yesterday. Setsmall, achievable goals. It will allow you to witness tangible progress,promoting a sense of accomplishment. Because it’s not about outshining others;it’s about outshining your former self. Celebrate the milestones, no matter howsmall, and acknowledge the hurdles you’ve overcome. This shift inperspective transforms the comparison game into a personal evolution, makingroom for gratitude and self-compassion. hurdle n. 难关;障碍 (5)Stay Calm Life can feel overwhelming sometimes.There’s always so much going on, and it’s easy to feel anxious, stressed, orimpatient. But getting all worked up will only cloud your judgment. It’s okaynot to have everything figured out right now. Not everything happens accordingto our desired timelines. (Q6) When challenges arise, take a deep breath andstay calm. It will give you the mental space to consider your options andseek solutions. Don’t pressure yourself to achieve your goals instantly, butkeep moving forward. Maintain momentum in a positive direction, even ifthe path looks unclear. Progress will unfold one step at a time. momentum n. 推进力;动力;势头 (6) Take Responsibility for Your Happiness As much as we might wish to shape thenarratives of others or mold external circumstances to our liking, the realityis that control over these aspects is limited. The real power lies in how wechoose to respond to the unfolding scenes, regardless of the twists and turnsin the plot. So, stop putting conditions on your happiness; waiting for thatperfect job, relationship, or bank account balance before allowing yourself tofeel joyful. (Q7) True happiness comes from within. It’s not contingenton external factors but is a reflection of your mindset, perspective,and the choices you make. Rather than waiting for happiness to find you, takecharge to create your own fulfilment. contingent on sth. 依情况而定的 (7) Look for Reasons to Smile Life is a series of fleeting moments, bothgood and bad. But if you focus too much on the negative ones, you’ll miss thepositive moments zipping by. So, look for reasons to smile. Savor thesmall joys in each day, appreciate your blessings, and spread positivity toothers. When you make a habit of smiling, you’ll carry more lightness andoptimism into every situation. It not only brightens your day, but also adds asprinkle of joy to the lives of those around you. With enough practice, you canturn smiling into an instinctive response that shapes your perspective andexperience of the world. There you have it. These simple rules can make a realdifference in living a happier life. Following these guidelines can help youappreciate the present, see challenges in a better light, and open yourself upto more joy. savor v. 欣赏Part III.KEY Q1. A. 细节题。文章第(1) 段中提到:“When negative thoughts about the pastcreep in, consciously refocus your mind on the gifts of the present; thesights, sounds, and feelings available right now.” 中文翻译为:“当消极的过去回忆悄然而至时,有意识地将你的注意力重新集中在当下可感恩的事上上;眼睛看到的、耳朵听到的、心灵感受到的。”因此答案为A。 Q2. C. 细节题。文章第 (2) 段提到:“Learn to recognize when someone’sjudgments don’t align with your core values... don’t let them sway you.” 中文翻译为:“当他人的评判与你的核心价值观不一致要学会辨别……不要让它们影响你。”因此答案为C。 Q3 D. 细节题。文章第 (3) 段提到:“But if you can summon the patience towait it out, time will provide the perspective you need.” 中文翻译为:“但如果你能够耐心等待,时间会给你所需要的视角。”因此答案为D。 Q4. C. 细节题。文章第 (4) 段中提到:“Comparing yourself to others is truly athief of joy.” 中文翻译为:“将自己与他人比较确实是快乐的小偷。”因此答案为C。 Q5. B. 细节题。文章第 (5) 段提到:“When challenges arise, take a deep breathand stay calm.” 中文翻译为:“当挑战出现时,深呼吸并保持冷静。”因此答案为B。 Q6. C. 细节题。文章第 (6) 段提到:“True happiness comes from within...Rather than waiting for happiness to find you, take charge to create your ownfulfilment.” 中文翻译为:“真正的幸福来自内心……与其等待幸福来临,不如主动创造自己的满足。”因此答案为C。 Q7. D. 主旨题。整篇文章通过列出七条规则,传达了采纳特定习惯可以提高一个人幸福感的总体信息,这些规则包括专注于当下、处理批评、耐心面对困难、避免与他人比较等。因此答案为D。(本文图片来源于摄图网,版权归摄图网所有)

第12届教学大赛英语专业组特等奖胡笑然说课

说课点评:胡笑然老师在说课环节清晰地表达了对所给文章的文本理解和基于语篇主题意义探究而开展教学的基本认识。在拿到文章后的短暂时间内,该选手对语篇进行了审读,并在此基础上快速构思了90分钟的教学设计,形成了基本的教学步骤。根据教学设计,胡老师计划选择与语篇主题相关的短视频为导入,激发学生的学习兴趣;然后以解读语篇为抓手,对语篇的主题、结构、语言、文体等方面进行分析。胡老师按照学生“学后能做”为目的,确定本课的教学目标并介绍了具体的教学步骤。她在教学设计中体现了自己的教学理念和对课文的独到见解,将课文分为三个部分,对每一部分的内容和结构进行了必要的讲解。通过解析语篇的主题,确定了语篇的中心思想,之后列举了语篇的核心概念、关键名词以及相关修饰词及其功能。胡老师将教学目标设定为学生“能做”,即能够理解语篇的主题意义,能够发现篇章结构的特征,能够与话题相同但来源不同的同类文章进行对比从而激发学生的批判性思维,能够从文章的体裁、结构、修辞等方面学习、理解和掌握语篇的关键词语,以及作者对关键概念的词语修饰和语言表达。教学设计安排了学生的小组讨论,要求学生形成有具体步骤的思维导图和概念关联,并在课堂上融入思政元素,并进行必要的陈述。最后一个环节为开放性的讨论,引导学生对不同的观点进行评论。胡老师基于丰富的教学经验和对学情的分析判断,对教学目的、教学重点、教学环节以及设计缘由作了清晰的陈述,显示了其对教学语篇的基本认识和语篇教学娴熟的驾驭能力。说课目的明确,条理清晰,设计突出主题,有一定的感染力,突出学生主体,采用活动途径,倡导体验参与,重视培养学生批判性思维和论说能力,所设计的教学环节有较好的可操作性。从整体上看,胡笑然老师有较高的人文素养和自己的教学风格,语言流畅,表述准确,知识面较广,该说课达到了较高的水准。不过胡笑然老师的时间把控不佳,说课缺乏完整性,强调篇章结构和概念理解,但忽略了教学评的一致性和一体化设计。建议她在今后的教学设计中更加重视学生在语言知识、语言技能、文化内涵、思维心智、情感态度等方面的综合发展和有效评价,积极采用探究式、任务型、交互性的教学方法,加强课外作业的安排和指导,促进学生在语言能力、人文素养、科学思维等方面的同步发展。点评专家:梅德明

第12届教学大赛商务英语组特等奖潘紫萌授课

授课点评:潘紫萌老师在本次大赛中与来自全国各地的商务英语优秀教师展开激烈角逐,在教学理念、教学方法、课堂设计、英语素质、商务知识、教姿教态、师生互动等方面的表现都较突出,最后以总分第一荣获特等奖。潘老师以准确的英语发音先声夺人,丰富的表达方式、适中的语调语速和端庄的教姿教态也令人印象深刻。在课程设计环节,为实现其教学目标,她选择business ethics作为主题,介绍了教学目标、学生特征、以学生为中心和以产出为导向的教学理念,以及线上线下结合、传统和高科技媒体结合等丰富多彩的教学方式。这份介绍全面立体但简明扼要,为后面的演示(demo)课提供了一个很好的支撑。由于大赛的授课时间有限,潘老师突出重点,在演示课上只展示教学方案的第三步,即participatory learning 1 和 post assessment 1。她采用BOPPPS(bridge in, objectives, pre-assessment, participatory learning, post assessment, summary)模型,通过德国大众汽车减排作假、中国支付宝公益植树项目等案例,教学目标涵盖商务英语知识、技能、以及相关的伦理和价值观等。在短短的十几分钟里要达到这么多项教学目标绝非易事。潘老师通过一系列的短视频、多种教学方法(如听力填空、案例讨论、汉译英、样本对话补正等)以及活泼的师生互动,较好地实现了教学目标,显示出选手突出的课堂组织能力。商务英语教学起源于英美等国,因此基本使用本国素材、讲本国故事。传入中国后,主要使用外国素材、讲外国故事。令人欣喜的是,潘老师注意突出中国特色,多次引用中国案例,讲授中国故事,传播中国价值观。加上她出色的英语基本功和良好的师生互动,使得教学过程十分流畅,也没有不同文化同场展示的违和感。总而言之,潘紫萌老师在授课环节的各方面表现都很优秀。不足之处当然也有。首先, 8’13’’开始的讨论过于仓促,只有18秒, 8’31’’就结束了。由于讨论不充分,在随后的问答环节中,更多的回答似乎来自老师而不是学生。第二个是要增加教学过程的自然自发 (spontaneity)。不知是因为课前多次排练还是老师特意要求,学生的产出只有一次对话(17’40’’)相对自然,其他的多次回答虽准确无误,但都像中国小学生朗读课文或回答问题,语音、语调、语速都过于整齐合一,这不利于培养学生的英语实际表达能力。点评专家:陈准民

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