双语阅读 | 旅游业的“春暖花开”

China’s travel industry has been hit hard by the coronavirus pandemic. Now that the pandemic is under control and restrictions are being lifted, there are early signs of recovery. As life has somewhat returned to what it used to be before the pandemic, embarking on a post-Covid-19 adventure has certainly been on the minds of many Chinese residents.新冠疫情期间,中国的旅游业遭遇重创。如今疫情得到控制,限制措施也正在解除,旅游业出现回暖迹象。随着生活逐步回归正常,许多中国居民开始蠢蠢欲动,想要来一场疫情后的“户外探险”。During the May Day holiday season, the majority of scenic attractions reopened and large numbers of people flocked to popular tourist sites and major cities across China. According to the Ministry of Culture and Tourism, China recorded 115 million tourist trips domestically, raking in a revenue of 47.56 billion yuan ($6.79 billion). The tourism market has basically recovered to the level of 50-percent of same period last year.五一假期大多数旅游风景区重新开放,大量游客涌向全国各地的热门景点和主要城市。据文化和旅游部统计,国内旅游人数达1.15亿人次,营收475.6亿元。旅游市场基本恢复到去年同期水平的50%。Notably, there are shifts in travel style. With safety and ease as top priority, travelers now prefer easy, short trips when they pick destinations. Therefore, road trips have become an increasingly popular choice for Chinese during the past May Day holidays. Besides, after the pandemic consumers are morelikely to choose starred hotels and restaurants,where they can enjoy services of higher quality and safer standards.值得注意的是,人们的旅行风格已然发生改变。由于安全和便捷成了重中之重,旅客在选择目的地时偏好轻松的短途旅行。因此,在过去的五一假期中,自驾游成为更多人的选择。此外,消费者在经历疫情之后,对服务质量与安全标准的要求提高,因此也更加倾向于选择星级酒店和餐厅。Travel agencies and scenic spots are adopting smarter management measures to improve travel experience and epidemic control. Many scenic spots have implemented real-name booking systems to limit crowds. Before their visit, tourists should have their temperature checked, show health codes upon arrival and wear masks. The latest livestreaming craze has also swept the tourism industry. Online guided tours and exhibitions have become an option for tourists.旅行社和景区正在采取更加智能化的管理措施,以改善旅游体验,加强疫情防控。为限制客流,许多景点采用实名售票系统。在游览之前,游客需测体温、戴口罩并在入口处自觉出示健康码。最近的“直播热”也席卷旅游业,导游直播和线上展览也成为游客的选择之一。The May Day holidays have provideda very good opportunity for the recovery of epidemic-hit tourism industry. China's tourism sector is seeking to offset losses brought by the COVID-19 epidemic with smarter infrastructure and better services.五一假期为遭受疫情打击的旅游业的复苏提供了良机。中国旅游业正力求以更加智能化的设施和更好的服务来弥补疫情带来的损失。VOCABULARYembark on 着手,开始flock v. 聚集,蜂拥domestically adv. 国内地rake in 赚大钱destination n. 目的地implement v. 执行,实施

双语阅读 | 聪明的“笨”小孩

Often the journey begins when a teacher recognizes that a student is not acquiring basic reading skills at the same rate as other students. Or parents may begin to wonder why their younger child is having so much more difficulty in reading than an older sibling did at the same age. 问题最初显露往往是因为老师发现某个学生掌握基础阅读能力的速度落后于其他学生,或是父母开始奇怪为什么相较于哥哥姐姐,弟弟或者妹妹在相同年龄时阅读遇到的困难多得多。Dyslexia is a condition that hampers a person's ability to read. About 700 million people in the world are known to suffer from dyslexia — about one in ten of the global population. According to a research, in non-dyslexic people, the cells are arranged asymmetrically in both eyes, allowing signals from the one eye to be overridden by the other to create a single image in the brain. However, in people with the reading disability, the cells are arranged in matching patterns in both eyes, which may be to blame for confusing the brain by producing "mirror" images.阅读障碍会阻碍阅读能力的发展。世界上已知约有7亿人患有阅读障碍,大致占全球人口的十分之一。据研究发现,非阅读障碍者双眼的视锥细胞呈不对称排列,一只眼睛收到的视觉信号会被另一只眼睛的信号覆盖,从而在大脑中建造出单个图像。但对于患有阅读障碍的人,双眼视锥细胞分布一致,这可能会使大脑把接收到的信息处理为镜像图像,产生信息读取混乱。Dyslexic children cannot be cured with medicine or surgery. Instead, they can only be helped with special education. Despite school policies supporting inclusion and equality, dyslexic children still experience exclusion and prejudice in education. Dyslexia not only affects children's academic life and relationships with families and classmates, but also their psychological health. Under great pressure, some may have a proclivity toward violence and some are self-abased.患有阅读障碍的孩子无法通过药物或手术治愈,而是需要接受特殊教育。尽管学校政策倡导包容和平等,阅读困难的孩子在教育中仍会受到排斥和偏见。阅读障碍症不仅影响孩子的学业以及与家人和同学的关系,还会导致心理问题。在巨大的压力下,有些人可能会出现暴力倾向,有些人则会产生自卑心理。Research indicates that children with dyslexia have the best outcomes when they receive early, targeted intervention that prevents reading difficulties from becoming more serious and long-lasting deficits. The communication between parents and teachers is essential in determining if a child needs additional instruction or support. 研究表明,患有阅读障碍的儿童若在早期接受针对性的干预,治疗效果最佳。这种干预可以防止阅读困难演变成更为严重且长期的缺陷。父母与老师之间的沟通在确定孩子是否需要额外的指导或帮助时则显得至关重要。All children are unique, and so, too, is each child’s language development and reading skill mastery. Dyslexic learners just need more time or are “late bloomers”. Some of the greatest minds in history such as Albert Einstein, Stephen Hawking, and Leonardo da Vinci were dyslexic, while successful entrepreneurs like Richard Branson and Steve Jobs made use of their dyslexic brains to build billion-dollar companies. 所有孩子都是独一无二的,每个孩子的语言发展和掌握阅读能力的过程也是如此。阅读障碍者只是需要更多时间,或者说他们是“大器晚成”之人。历史上一些天才,例如阿尔伯特·爱因斯坦、史蒂芬·霍金和莱昂纳多·达·芬奇,都患有阅读障碍症,而像理查德·布兰森和史蒂夫·乔布斯这样的成功企业家则凭借阅读困难的大脑建立了价值数十亿美元的公司。Dyslexia isn’t a disability, but a difference. It’s a distinction, not a drawback.阅读障碍不是缺陷,而是一种差异;它是一种区别,而不是缺点。VOCABULARYhamper  v. 妨碍;阻碍asymmetrically  adv. 不对称地override  v. 比...更重要;凌驾proclivity  n. 倾向self-abased  adj. 自卑的

双语阅读 | 分餐还是合餐?

分餐还是合餐?Will COVID-19 change the tradition of communal meals in China?邓晶 | 供稿 In China, communal eating is considered crucial for bonding. In the memories of most Chinese, one of the happiest moments in their lives was seated around a table with families or friends, sharing dishes and piling on food.  在中国,合餐共食被视为联络感情的重要方式。在大多数中国人的记忆中,人生最快乐的时刻之一便是与家人或朋友围坐在饭桌旁,分享美食,大快朵颐。 In the campaign against the COVID-19 outbreak, this dining tradition has been greatly challenged. Since each diner picks food out of the communal plates on a bite-by-bite basis with their chopsticks, the virus can be transferred from saliva to chopsticks to the dish. What’s worse, diners often serve others with their own eating utensils to express friendliness and care. Several cases of coronavirus are thought to have spread through families when sharing food during the Chinese New Year period. 在抗击新冠病毒的战“疫”中,这一就餐传统受到了极大质疑。由于进餐者每吃完一口都要用自己的筷子从公共餐盘中夹取食物,病毒就会从唾液传到筷子,最后传到餐盘中。更糟的是,为了表达友好和关心,进餐者还常用自己的餐具给他人夹菜。此次疫情中的数个病例都被认为与春节期间的家庭聚餐有关。 Communal eating has thus become a target of both governments and restaurants. Posters have been released by local governments to encourage people to use serving utensils. Concerned about customers being wary of returning to restaurants, the catering industry has willingly joined the campaign. Many restaurants, once allowed to reopen, have immediately sprung into action, particularly offering set meals for one single person. 由此合餐制已然成为政府和餐馆共同针对的对象。地方政府发布宣传海报,鼓励人们使用公勺公筷。餐饮业担心顾客不敢前来就餐,也自愿参与抵制合餐制的运动。一经允许重新营业,许多餐馆立即采取行动,特别推出单人套餐。 These changes are likely to continue and could be solidified by local regulations, as eating together separately can always protect the public health. The measures will shape the traditional mealtime etiquette. 长远来看,鉴于分餐制有利于保护公众健康,此类变化很可能会持续下去,并在地方性法规的支持下不断巩固。这些举措将改变传统餐桌礼仪。 The move away from a traditional cultural practice is ongoing. But as Wang Renxiang, a researcher at the Chinese Academy of Social Sciences said, "In modern times to eat individually may lose some tradition, but it can also mean more opportunities for creating something new in Chinese cuisine and eating habits."中国社会正在逐渐远离合餐制的传统文化习俗,但也正如中国社科院研究员王仁湘所说,“现代生活中的分餐制可能会使我们丢掉一些传统,但这也意味着有更多的机会创造新的中式菜肴和用餐习惯。” VOCABULARYcommunal - adj. 公用的  since - conj. 由于utensil - n. 用具etiquette - n. 礼仪

练习 | CNN新闻: 美国日用品价格上涨

TRANSCRIPTDing Dong. Friday's at the door and even though it's keeping its social distance it's still delivering awesome. I'm Carl Azuz delivering your Friday edition of CNN 10. We're starting at the grocery store and we're going to need some extra cash. In the month of April, the price of groceries grew 2.6 percent according to the U.S. Labor Department. So if a family spent $1,000 on groceries in March, they would have needed an extra $26 for those same groceries in April. The 2.6 percent increase was the biggest jump from one month to the next since 1974. You can guess why this happened. It's another side effect, really a series of them, to the ongoing corona virus pandemic.When restaurants shutdown and businesses closed, more Americans started cooking at home. So demand for groceries went up but then many food producers and farmers had trouble quickly shifting their deliveries from those restaurants to grocery stores. It's a very complex process and there've been outbreaks of COVID-19 in some food processing plants forcing some of them to shutdown. So there's this perfect storm of increase demand, jarring changes in delivery and reduced supply but on top of all that some shoppers started panic buying. Picking up lots of food that they didn't plan to eat right away.So to keep certain groceries in stock, stores put limits on the amounts people could buy. They've also raised prices to discourage people from buying so much and to recover some of the extra money they've had to pay to suppliers. Meat, eggs, bread, cereal, soup, soda, fruit and coffee all went up in April. Some prices went down though. Ham, breakfast sausage, butter, prepared salads and cupcakes got cheaper. As stores and shoppers made adjustments to the ways they responded to all this, technology has found some fascinating new roles in this changed way of life.VOCABULARY1. jarring changes n. 令人不安的变化2. cupcake n. 杯形糕饼,(用杯状容器烤成的)小糕饼QUESTIONSRead the statements. Then listen to the news and decide whether the statements are true (T) or false (F).1. According to the U.S. Labor Department, the price of foods grew 2.6 percent in April.2. The 2.6 percent increase was the biggest jump from one month to the next since 1974.3. When restaurants shutdown and businesses closed, more Americans started cooking at home.4. To keep certain groceries in stock, stores put limits on the amounts people could buy.5. Stores have also raised prices to encourage people from panic buying.6. Meat, butter, bread, cereal, soup, soda, fruit and coffee all went up in April.7. Ham, breakfast sausage, eggs, prepared salads and cupcakes got cheaper.KEYRead the statements. Then listen to the news and decide whether the statements are true (T) or false (F).(F) 1. According to the U.S. Labor Department, the price of foods grew 2.6 percent in April. (正确表达)According to the U.S. Labor Department, the price of groceries grew 2.6 percent in April.(T) 2. The 2.6 percent increase was the biggest jump from one month to the next since 1974.(T) 3. When restaurants shutdown and businesses closed, more Americans started cooking at home.(T) 4. To keep certain groceries in stock, stores put limits on the amounts people could buy.(F) 5. Stores have also raised prices to encourage panic buying.(正确表达)Stores have also raised prices to discourage people from panic buying.(F) 6. Meat, butter, bread, cereal, soup, soda, fruit and coffee all went up in April.(正确表达)Meat, eggs, bread, cereal, soup, soda, fruit and coffee all went up in April.(F) 7. Ham, breakfast sausage, eggs, prepared salads and cupcakes got cheaper.(正确表达)Ham, breakfast sausage, butter, prepared salads and cupcakes got cheaper.

练习 | CNN新闻: 美国学校秋季是否开学

TRANSCRIPTWhen Friday, you're in high school, they wanta senior superlative for mostly likely to be awesome. I'm Carl Azuz for CNN 10. Thank you for spending part of your Friday with us. School is actually the first subject we have for you today. When is it going to reopen? It's a simple question with complicated answers across the United States. There are so many different plans in different places and they could all change.Even though at least 31 states say they'll partially reopen over the next few days, this doesn't include their schools. Most school buildings in America have been shutdown for the rest of the 2019-2020 academic year. Classes may still be in session, they're just online.In some states with fewer corona virus cases, places like Montana and Wyoming, schools will be allowed to reopen this month but they may choose to stay closed to help prevent the spread of the disease. And what will school look like this fall? Can students and teachers expect a more normal looking campus then? It will most likely depend on how widespread COVID-19 is in different areas. The governments of Maryland and Washington, which have each seen thousands of corona virus cases have told school districts it's possible their doors won't reopen in the fall and that they should be prepared for online learning beyond this summer.But contrast that with colleges in Alabama, North Carolina, North Dakota and Texas, dozens of campuses across these states say they're gearing up for the return of students and teachers this fall. Things may not look the same thing though. School officials across the country are trying to figure out ways to keep students spread out and classrooms from getting too crowded.Masks may be required on some campuses. Officials plan to keep closer tabs on who's been infected with corona virus and where those people went before they got sick. And sports events bring up new questions entirely. Will football games still be played in front of 80,000 screaming fans? So even as some businesses start to reopen across America, there's still a lot of uncertainty hanging over the country's schools.VOCABULARY1. shutdown n. the act of closing a factory or business or stopping a large machine from working, either temporarily or permanently 停业;停工;关闭;倒闭;停止运转。例如:factory shutdowns 工厂倒闭2. keep closer tabs on sb. / sth. 密切注意,严密监视 (某人的一举一动) 。例如:It was obvious Hill had come over to keep tabs on Johnson and make sure he didn't do anything drastic. 显然,希尔是来密切监视约翰逊的,以确保他不做出什么过激举动。QUESTIONSRead the statements. Then listen to the news and decide whether the statements are true (T) or false (F).1. When are schools going to reopen in the United States? It is a complicated question with simple answers.2. At least 32 states say they'll partially reopen over the next few days, but this doesn't include their schools.3. All school buildings in America have been shutdown for the rest of the 2019-2020 academic year.4. In some states with fewer corona virus cases, places like Montana and Wyoming, schools will be allowed to reopen this month.5. The governments of Maryland and Washington have told school districts it's possible their doors will reopen after the summer.6. School officials across the country are trying to figure out ways to keep students spread out and classrooms from getting too crowded.7. Masks are required on campuses.8. Officials plan to keep closer tabs on who's been infected with corona virus.9. Sports events bring up new questions entirely.10. Although businesses start to reopen across America, there's still a lot of uncertainty hanging over the country's universities.KEYRead the statements. Then listen to the news and decide whether the statements are true (T) or false (F).(F) 1. When are schools going to reopen in the United States? It is a complicated question with simple answers.(正确表达)When are schools going to reopen in the United States? It is a simple question with complicated answers.(F) 2. At least 32 states say they'll partially reopen over the next few days, but this doesn't include their schools.(正确表达)At least 31 states say they'll partially reopen over the next few days, but this doesn't include their schools.(F) 3. All school buildings in America have been shutdown for the rest of the 2019-2020 academic year.(正确表达)Most school buildings in America have been shutdown for the rest of the 2019-2020 academic year.(T) 4. In some states with fewer corona virus cases, places like Montana and Wyoming, schools will be allowed to reopen this month.(F) 5. The governments of Maryland and Washington have told school districts it's possible their doors will reopen after the summer.(正确表达)The governments of Maryland and Washington have told school districts it's possible their doors won't reopen in the fall.(T) 6. School officials across the country are trying to figure out ways to keep students spread out and classrooms from getting too crowded.(F) 7. Masks are required on campuses.(正确表达)Masks may be required on some campuses.(T) 8. Officials plan to keep closer tabs on who's been infected with corona virus.(T) 9. Sports events bring up new questions entirely.(F) 10. Although businesses start to reopen across America, there's still a lot of uncertainty hanging over the country's universities.(正确表达)Although businesses start to reopen across America, there's still a lot of uncertainty hanging over the country's schools.

练习 | BBC新闻:桑德斯退出2020年美国大选 拜登将决战特朗普

BBC新闻:桑德斯退出2020年美国大选 拜登将决战特朗普燕山大学 刘立军 供稿uTRANSCRIPTBBC news with Gareth Barlow.Britain has recorded its worst daily figure to datefor hospital patients with coronavirus who have died, 938. The number of confirmed infections has also risen by 10%. In Italy, there's been further evidence that the pandemic is slowing. The number of people who currently have the virus has risen by just over 1%.The condition of the British prime minister Boris Johnson is said to be improving as he spends a third night under intensive care with Covid-19. Official said Mr. Johnson had been sitting up and engaging positively with those looking after him.The Saudi-led coalition fighting Houthis rebels in Yemen has announced its halting military operations nationwide in support of the efforts to end the five-year war. The initiative taking effect at noon on Thursday aims to facilitate the start of U.N.-brokered peace talks.The U.S. senator Bernie Sanders has suspended his campaign for the democratic presidential nomination. The ways now are clear for the former vice president Joe Biden to become the democratic candidate and challenge president Trump in November.The governor of New York state Andrew Cuomo has called for a search into why a higher percentage of people from minority communities are dying from the coronavirus. The mayor of New York city has given figures indicating that Hispanics and Asians, as well as black residents suffer disproportionally.Sudan has doubled the price of bread in the capital Khartoum from one dollar per loafto two dollars. It's thought other parts of the country may follow suit. High bread prices triggered massive protests, which led to the downfall last year of president Omar al-Bashir. And United Nations has warned that a severe coronavirus outbreak in South Sudan will have disastrous consequences for millions of vulnerablecitizens. The UN says internally displaced people are particular at risk. BBC news.uVOCABULARY1. to date: until now 迄今为止;到目前为止;直到现在。例如:To date, we have received over 200 replies. 到目前为止,我们已收到200多封回信。2. disproportionallyadv. 不相称地,不均衡地3. loafn. an amount of bread that has been shaped and baked in one piece 一条(面包)。例如:a loaf of bread一条面包4. vulnerableadj. vulnerable (to sb./sth.)weak and easily hurt physically or emotionally(身体上或感情上)脆弱的,易受……伤害的。例如:The sudden resignation of the financial director put the company in a very vulnerable position. 财务部主任的突然辞职使得这家公司岌岌可危。uQUESTIONSRead the passage. Then listen to the news and fill in the blanks with the information (words, phrases or sentences) you hear.BBC news with Gareth Barlow.Britain has recorded its worst daily figure to date for hospital patients with coronavirus who have died, 938. The number of confirmed infections has also (Q1) _________________by 10%. In Italy, there's been further evidence that the (Q2) _________________ is slowing. The number of people who currently have the virus has risen by just over 1%.The condition of the British prime minister Boris Johnson is said to be improving as he spends a third night under (Q3) ___________________________ with Covid-19. Official said Mr. Johnson had been sitting up and engaging positively with those looking after him.The Saudi-led coalition fighting Houthis rebels in Yemen has announced its halting military operations nationwide (Q4) ___________________ the efforts to end the five-year war. The initiative taking effect at noon on Thursday aims to (Q5) __________________ the start of U.N.-brokered peace talks.The U.S. senator Bernie Sanders has suspended his campaign for the democratic presidential nomination. The ways now are clear for the former vice president Joe Biden to become the (Q6) _________________________ and challenge president Trump in November.The governor of New York state Andrew Cuomo has called for a search into why a higher percentage of people from (Q7) ____________________ communities are dying from the coronavirus. The mayor of New York city has given figures indicating that Hispanics and Asians, as well as black residents suffer disproportionally.Sudan has doubled the price of bread in the capital Khartoum from one dollar per loaf to two dollars. It's thought other parts of the country may follow suit. High bread prices triggered (Q8) __________________________, which led to the downfall last year of president Omar al-Bashir. And United Nations has warned that a severe coronavirus outbreak in South Sudan will have disastrous consequences for millions of (Q9) _________________________. The UN says (Q10) _________________________ displaced people are particular at risk. BBC news.uKEYl精简版(Q1) risen(Q2) pandemic(Q3) intensive care(Q4) in support of (Q5) facilitate(Q6) democratic candidate(Q7) minority (Q8) massive protests(Q9) vulnerable citizens(Q10) internallyl完整版BBC news with Gareth Barlow.Britain has recorded its worst daily figure to date for hospital patients with coronavirus who have died, 938. The number of confirmed infections has also (Q1) risenby 10%. In Italy, there's been further evidence that the (Q2) pandemicis slowing. The number of people who currently have the virus has risen by just over 1%.The condition of the British prime minister Boris Johnson is said to be improving as he spends a third night under (Q3) intensive carewith Covid-19. Official said Mr. Johnson had been sitting up and engaging positively with those looking after him.The Saudi-led coalition fighting Houthis rebels in Yemen has announced its halting military operations nationwide (Q4) in support ofthe efforts to end the five-year war. The initiative taking effect at noon on Thursday aims to (Q5) facilitatethe start of U.N.-brokered peace talks.The U.S. senator Bernie Sanders has suspended his campaign for the democratic presidential nomination. The ways now are clear for the former vice president Joe Biden to become the (Q6) democratic candidateand challenge president Trump in November.The governor of New York state Andrew Cuomo has called for a search into why a higher percentage of people from (Q7) minoritycommunities are dying from the coronavirus. The mayor of New York city has given figures indicating that Hispanics and Asians, as well as black residents suffer disproportionally.Sudan has doubled the price of bread in the capital Khartoum from one dollar per loaf to two dollars. It's thought other parts of the country may follow suit. High bread prices triggered (Q8) massive protests, which led to the downfall last year of president Omar al-Bashir. And United Nations has warned that a severe coronavirus outbreak in South Sudan will have disastrous consequences for millions of (Q9) vulnerable citizens. The UN says (Q10) internallydisplaced people are particular at risk. BBC news.

第十届教学大赛综合课组二等奖朱晓星授课

授课点评:朱晓星老师的授课从整体来看,教学设计精巧,教学程序合理,教学方法得当,师生互动较好,思想内容突出,教态亲和自然。朱老师从知识、技能和态度三个层面确定单元教学目标,比较合理,特别是对典故、隐喻等修辞手法和共情、乐于助人等情感态度培养的把握比较准确。在20分钟的教学中,朱老师重点关注了课文结构、典故的运用和批判思维练习。她从问题和个人经历开始,激发学生对课文主题的思考,与学生的即兴互动效果不错(4' 30''—5' 15'')。在分析文章结构时,她从problem-solution essay的框架入手进行剖析,较好地帮助学生理解文章的思想内容(6' 26''—7' 35'')。朱老师本次讲课令人印象最为深刻的是,她能够激发学生对Giving和Receiving的思辨——除了开头的预热互动,朱老师还在批判思维练习环节组织了围绕"What is the necessity for the rich to comprehend the outside life?""What else can we give to others?"和"Is giving a responsibility or an option?"这几个问题的讨论,很好发挥了外语学科工具性和人文性兼具的特点,促使学生深入思考,积极表达思想,起到了教书又育人的作用(13' 28''—18' 00'')。最后围绕课文主题布置的作业也很有特色,既是对课上思想碰撞的延续,也是提高语言运用能力的训练,作业形式还兼顾了小组和个人、口头和书面,非常棒!或许因为将较多时间用于主题讨论,朱老师对语言层面的教学关注较少,如果在分析文章结构的时候,能对句子和段落之间的起承转合及过渡衔接给予点拨,学生收获会更大。比如,在精读课文环节,PPT上显示了提供问题解决方案的三个It开头的句子(13' 00''—13' 20''),这里可以顺势解释一下排比句的用法,还可以稍微展开一下,讨论篇章中句子之间如何衔接的问题,但朱老师在此只关注了阅读理解,同时有点突兀地提到了Yin and Yang与Give and Receive的关系,略显遗憾。另一建议与提问评委梅德明老师一致,即,老师在对一个主题单元某个内容板块进行教学设计和备课时,应该对整个单元所有板块的教学材料都有过研读,只有这样才能做到前后贯通,相互借鉴,更有效使用教材。此外,朱老师授课语言表达流利自然,但个别语音不够准确,如agree, through, ten, key等单词中元音的发音不到位。点评专家:张红玲教授

第十届教学大赛视听说课组特等奖梁烨说课

说课点评:梁烨老师在短时间内能够正确理解并阐释教学素材,同时还准备了条理清晰、简明扼要的PPT,难能可贵。梁烨老师分四部分进行说课:analysis, objective, approach, procedure,思路非常清晰。作为教学设计的第一步,梁烨老师首先分析了视频内容。本节课使用的视频是关于嫦娥四号月球探测器在月球背面成功着陆的有关报道。梁烨老师认为视频内容结构清晰,主要是对嫦娥登月这一重大事件的叙述,可以从why,how,where,what四个方面来进行理解,说明对视频材料的整体理解是正确的,在此基础上制定教学目标:(1)在语言技能方面,运用记笔记的技能,听懂视频中的细节,并用所学语言知识描述一个事件;(2)在语言知识方面,学习与探月、登月相关的表达手段;(3)在课堂思政方面,了解中国在空间探索方面的成就,寓爱国主义教育于语言教学之中。在充分分析教学素材的基础上,梁烨老师提出采用任务型教学法进行课堂教学,设计为pre-task, while-task, post-task三个活动,外加一个assignment。在pre-task阶段,教师设计了两个练习,一方面提供图文信息,启发学生的相关知识图示,调动他们有关嫦娥四号登月方面的背景知识,另一方面要求学生就一个事件的描述做思维导图(mind-map)练习。在while-task阶段,有五个任务(why,how,where,what,output)。前四个任务分别设计了四种不同形式的练习,以检查学生是否理解视频的主要内容与细节;第五个任务是按照前四个任务的内容将学生分组,然后要求学生结合所掌握的信息,利用mind-map进行一定的产出练习,复述视频内容。在post-task阶段,要求学生就各自的表现进行组内互评,教师再给出反馈与评价。作为本课的最后一个环节,教师设计了一个presentation练习,要求学生talk about one high technology that has changed our daily life作为assignment,以展示其学习成果。梁烨老师说课结束时总结了教学要点。在回答提问阶段,梁烨老师能快速准确地理解评委提出的问题,思维敏捷,回答流畅。特别是最后一个问题(What are the words and expressions that will help students to describe an event in addition to the details they learn?),当意识到自己给出的词汇可能不是最有效的表达手段时,迅速指出课堂教学不仅仅是词汇教学,然后巧妙地把方向转到本节课的教学重点是培养学生对信息进行组织处理的能力上来,既避免了尴尬,又突出了自己的教学重点。梁烨老师的课堂设计自成一体,充分体现了其教学理念,目标明确,方法得当,过程合理,具有完整性和可操作性。在教学设计上重视对信息处理和组织能力的培养,这无疑是正确的,但对语言点的教学似乎有所弱化,这在回答最后那个问题时也有所体现。视听说课的重点教学目标应该是“听得懂”、“说得出”,前者是输入,后者是输出,听说应当紧密相连,相互交融。视频中的许多表达法(例如:touch down, until now, That's actually why...,the moon is in what's called synchronous rotation with the Earth, rotate on its axis, as a result, for good reason, what's more等)是可以在听懂的基础上提炼出来用于课堂口语操练的。总的来说,梁烨老师的说课很优秀,英语基本功扎实,口语流利,稍有不足的是:对视频内容有个别地方理解失误(1:30她提到,苏联和中国都曾尝试过登陆月背,但都失败了——视频中没有提到,也与事实不符);两个双元音(/eə/、/aɪ/)的发音可能需要纠正,涉及的单词有there, awareness, where, while等;口误(例如00:21 meaningly、12:35 help students to acquisit the skill需要纠正)。点评专家:王跃武教授

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英语语音教学与研究是外语教与学中重要的有机组成部分,为了帮助外语教师提高语音课教学组织、内容设计与教学研究能力,本期研修班由南京大学陈桦教授领衔的中国英汉语比较研究会语音教学研究专业委员会的专家团队主讲,旨在就英语语音课程设计、语音课堂组织与教学、教研方法创新、口语能力测试与评价和口语人才培养等方面进行探讨。研修班将采取主题讲座、案例分析、分班操练、分类互动讨论等多个环节,由浅入深地剖析英语语音教学与研究中的重点与难点,通过理论与实践的有机结合,指导高校外语教师创新语音课程设计,优化教学效果,助力科研发展。专家团队陈桦:南京大学教授、博士生导师,中国英汉语比较研究会语音教学研究专业委员会会长,中国语音学会学术委员会委员;中国大学慕课爱课程平台上“英语语音与信息沟通”主持人。研究方向为:英语口语教学与测评、语音学、应用语言学等。史宝辉:北京林业大学教授,博士,现任北京林业大学外语学院院长,硕士研究生导师。中国英汉语比较研究会语音教学研究专业委员会副会长。研究领域包括:语音学、音系学、词汇学、社会语言学和英语教学法。获北京市高等教育教学成果奖二等奖、北京市高等学校教学名师奖等。卜友红:上海师范大学外国语学院教授,上海教育评审专家,中国英汉语比较研究会语音教学研究专业委员会常务理事,上海市精品课程、上海市高校优质在线课程《英语语音》负责人。主持国家社科及省部级科研项目六项。曾荣获上海市育才奖、上海市教学成果一等奖、全国教育专业学位教学成果二等奖、全国教育硕士优秀教学管理工作者等荣誉。曹瑞斓:安徽工业大学教授,博士,硕士研究生导师,安徽工业大学外国语学院院长,MTI教育中心主任,中国英汉语比较研究会语音教学研究专业委员会常务理事、秘书长。研究方向主要为语音教学与研究、翻译、商务英语等。2013年被评为省级教坛新秀,2014年入选安徽省高校“优秀青年人才支持计划”,2017年入选安徽工业大学青年学者。刘森:华东师范大学英语系副教授、硕士研究生导师,研究方向:英语语音学、英语口语教学、英语演讲。荣获上海市教学成果一等奖等3个市级奖,华东师范大学教学成果特等奖等6个校级奖。主持并完成3个上海市、8个校级项目,在《外语界》、《外语教学理论与实践》等期刊发表研究论文20多篇。梁波:北京大学外国语学院英语系副教授,博士。中国英汉语比较研究会语音教学研究专业委员会常务理事,副秘书长,北京大学教师教学发展教学培训专家(2019-2021),研究方向是英语语音教学、二语音系习得、语音学、发音音系学。编著英语语音专题教材2部,发表语音教学学术论文12篇。在北京大学开设英语语音系列专题课程:语音与听说词汇、语调和听说语法。赵奂:四川外国语大学副教授,MTI(口译)硕士研究生导师,中国英汉语比较研究会语音教学研究专业委员会常务理事,重庆市优秀教师,市社科联项目负责人,市教委社科项目负责人,市级高校精品在线开放课程团队负责人,市级教学成果奖团队负责人,市级精品视频公开课团队负责人。主持多项校级教材项目、特色项目、教改项目,主编、参编教材多部,发表论文数篇。

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