双语阅读 | 为什么我们在洗澡时会灵感乍现?

为什么我们在洗澡时会灵感乍现?Why Do We Have Our Best Ideas in the Shower?王淑怡 供稿You are in the shower. The water sounds like a gentle, rainy static. Suddenly, you're hit with a flash of brilliance. Maybe it's the answer to a vexing problem at work, the location of your lost USB drive, or perhaps it's just a random, inconsequential (yet totally satisfying) insight.你站在花洒下,听着淅淅沥沥的水声,突然间,你灵光闪现。也许是工作上遇到的难题有了好的解决办法,或者你突然想起了U盘忘在了哪里,又或者你随机想到了一个无关紧要但令人十分满意的新点子。But, by the time you towel off, the idea already has spiraled away down the drain. We all get these kinds of thoughts, and they don't just happen in the shower. Long drives, short walks, even something like pulling weeds, all seem to have the right mix of monotony and engagement to trigger a revelation. They also happen to be activities where it's difficult to take notes. Once you realize them, introducing a pen and paper can sterilize the effort.但是,等你洗完澡、擦干身子,这些想法已经随着水流一起消失了。我们都曾有过这样的天降灵感,它们不仅仅诞生于淋浴间。长途驾车、饭后散步,甚至是除草时——这些时刻都有些单调乏味,但又需要一定的专注力,刚好适合灵感的诞生。而且出现这些灵感时,你手边没有任何东西可以将之付诸笔端。一旦你意识到灵感来了,准备好纸笔也无济于事了。Why do we get these random insights? Psychologists have a theory that describes a mental state that seems to foment these kinds of thoughts. It's called the default mode network. "You become less aware of your environment and more aware of your internal thoughts,” said John Kounios, a psychologist at Drexel University in Philadelphia.那我们为什么会灵感乍现?心理学家将产生这种灵感的精神状态称为大脑的默认模式网络(DMN)。“在这种状态下,你对周遭环境的敏感度减弱了,内心的想法会变得清晰活跃起来。”美国费城德雷塞尔大学的心理学家约翰·库尼奥斯说。Kounios explains that our brains typically catalog things by their context: Windows are parts of buildings, and the stars belong in the night sky. When we’re focused on a specific task our thinking tends to be linear. He uses the example of a railway. You walk by them every day with hardly a second thought. But when your brain starts to roam, your thoughts will go off the rails. As ideas become untethered, they are free to bump up against other ideas they've never had the chance to encounter, increasing the likelihood of creative webs.库尼奥斯解释道,大脑是按事物所属环境来分类的。比如说,窗户属于建筑,星星属于夜空。当我们思考某个特定事件时,大脑会呈现单一线性的思路。他以地铁为例。你每天都步行经过地铁,不假思索。但一旦你中途走了神,思绪就会天马行空。当这些想法挣脱了束缚,就可能与原本不可能接触的其他想法相互碰撞,这时,就更可能诞生创意。“Not having an explicit task is the main ingredient for random insights,” Kounios said. “Once you have a pen and paper there, it’s not really your mind wandering.”“产生随机灵感最重要的一点是,不能有明确的任务,”库尼奥斯表示,“一旦你拿了纸笔,大脑就停止漫游了。”That doesn’t mean your eureka moments are doomed to be flushed away. Kounios says if you keep your recording method out of sight (yet within reach), your mind won’t be waylaid by external pressure on its way to free association. This could be a water-proof notepad for your shower, or a voice-activated recording app for the car.但这并不意味着,我们只能眼看这些欣喜的时刻化为泡影。库尼奥斯建议,把你的记录工具放在看不到又触手可及的地方,这样,你的思绪就能轻松地自由碰撞,而不会被半路拦截了。可以试试在淋浴间放个防水笔记本,或在汽车里安装一个声控录音应用。【VOCABULARY】1.vexing adj. 令人烦恼的2.inconsequential adj. 不重要的,微不足道的3.towel off 擦干,揩干4.spiral v. 螺旋式移动5.monotony n. 单调乏味,千篇一律6.revelation n. 令人惊喜的发现;被揭示的真相7.sterilize v. 使…不起作用8.foment v. 引发;煽动9.untethered adj. 不被绳索捆缚的10.bump up against 触碰到11.eureka int. (因找到某物,尤指问题的答案而高兴)我发现了,我找到了12.waylay v. 拦截;伏击(封面图片来源于摄图网,版权归摄图网所有)

双语阅读 | 梦境如何反映健康

梦境如何反映健康What Your Dreams Reveal About Your Health王淑怡 供稿Have you ever wondered why we dream? Rosalind Cartwright, Ph.D., saysthat dreams are the way the brain "incorporates memories, solves problems and deals with emotions. In this way, dreams are essential for our emotional health."你是否思考过,我们为什么会做梦呢?罗莎琳德·卡特赖特博士认为,梦是大脑“储存记忆、解决问题和处理情感的一种方式。因此,梦对我们的心理健康至关重要。”While dreaming is an important and necessary physiological phenomenon to help with our memory and mental health, dreams can also indicate other health issues that might need our attention. From nightmaresto the frequency of dreams, we can learn a lot ofinformationfrom our nocturnaladventures.做梦是一种重要且必不可少的生理现象,有助于我们加强记忆、保持心理健康,但梦境也能提醒我们需要警惕健康问题。从做噩梦到做梦的频率,我们可以从夜晚的梦境中了解到不少信息。Nightmares can be a warning sign噩梦或提示健康有恙There's nothing worse than waking from a nightmare in a cold sweat, heart pounding and nerves rattled. While a nightmare from time to time is generally not anything to worry about, frequent nightmares can indicate something more serious is going on with your health. One study found that nightmares can be linked to heart disease, with an irregular heartbeatincreasing your risk of nightmares even more. This is because heart disease can decrease the amount of oxygen reaching your brain, which can trigger a nightmare.没有什么比从噩梦中惊醒,吓出一身冷汗,让你心惊肉跳、神经紧张更加糟糕的了。偶尔做噩梦通常无需担心,但经常做噩梦可能表明你的健康出现了问题。一项研究发现,做噩梦与心脏病之间存在关联,而心律不齐会增加做噩梦的风险。这是由于心脏病会减少进入大脑的氧气量并导致做噩梦。Another possible cause of nightmares issleep apnea, a chronic conditionthat can really mess with your REM sleep due to lack of oxygen. "Patients have had terrifying dreams of drowning or suffocation," says William Kohler, MD, medical director of the Florida Sleep Institute, "in reality, their airwayis blocked off."导致噩梦的另一因素或为“睡眠呼吸暂停”。这是一种慢性疾病,由于呼吸暂停,快速眼动睡眠(REM)会因为缺氧而被严重扰乱。美国佛罗里达睡眠研究所医学博士威廉·科勒指出,“曾经有病人梦见溺水或窒息的可怕情景,而在现实生活中,他们出现了呼吸道堵塞。”Dream frequency may point to a number of conditions频繁做梦可能反映了一系列问题Most people have about four to six dreams every night, but don't remember near that many. Interestingly, we're more likely to remember dreams if we wake up rightbefore the dream is over, or soon after it. Mood disorders like anxiety and depression might be a cause of increased dream frequency. If you are concerned, you might try keeping a journal by your bed and noting the frequency of your dreams. Although you might not think you are suffering from a mood disorder, the frequency of your dreams might say otherwise.大多数人每天晚上都会做4-6个梦,但却记不住这么多的梦。有趣的是,如果我们在梦境正要结束前或者梦境结束后立即醒来,我们就更有可能记住梦的内容。焦虑和抑郁等情绪障碍可能会导致频繁做梦。如果你常有心事,可以尝试在床头写写日记,记录做梦的频率。即使你可能不觉得自己有情绪上的障碍,但做梦的频率往往便能说明问题。Vivid dreams andbizarre dreams 生动和怪诞的梦境Vivid dreams may arise for a variety of reasons. They may indicate you are suffering from certain medical conditions, which might include neurodegenerativedisorders like Parkinson's disease. There are other, less frightening reasons for your weird dreams as well, so don't jump to conclusions too quickly.造成梦境栩栩如生的因素有很多。它们或许表明你患有某些疾病,其中可能包括帕金森病等神经退行性疾病。也有些不那么可怕的原因会导致怪异梦境的产生,所以不要太快下结论。This may come as a surprise to you, but particularly bizarre or memorable dreams might also indicate a possible infection. "Any infection increases the amount of slow-wave sleepwe have, however, this delays the starting point of when we enter dreaming sleep, so dreaming sleep starts late, and can erupt into consciousness. This leads to vivid dreams and strange hallucinations," saysDr. Patrick McNamara, a neurologistfrom Boston University Medical School.虽然这听起来非常离奇,但特别怪异荒诞或者令人记忆犹新的梦境可能表明你体内存在病菌感染。美国波士顿大学医学院神经病学家帕特里克·麦克纳马拉博士表示,“人体受到病菌感染时,处于慢波睡眠的时间会增加,但有梦睡眠会延后,容易使睡梦进入有意识的状态,导致栩栩如生和离奇怪诞的梦境产生。Alcohol can also prompt vivid and memorable dreams. This is because the effects of alcohol wear off toward morning, affecting your brain chemicals and triggering bizarre dreams.酒精也可以诱发生动且难忘的梦境。这是由于临近早晨,酒精的作用逐渐减弱,大脑化学物质水平会受到影响,导致怪诞梦境的产生。【VOCABULARY】1.nocturnaladj.夜间发生的2.nightmaren.噩梦3.rattlev.使紧张;使恐惧4.heartbeatn.心跳;心搏;心跳声5.sleep apnea睡眠呼吸暂停6.REM sleep快速眼动睡眠7.suffocationn.窒息;闷死8.airwayn. 气道9.neurodegenerativeadj.神经退行性的10.slow-wave sleep慢波睡眠11.hallucinationn. 幻觉12.neurologistn. 神经病学家(封面图片来源于摄图网,版权归摄图网所有)

双语阅读 | 剃须历史知多少

剃须历史知多少The History of Shaving王淑怡 供稿Although the exact timeline of shaving isn’t clear, most experts and found artifactssuggest that shaving has been around since approximately 100,000 BC, when cavemenwould eliminate hair from their body by pulling them out one at a time, even using rocks or shells to speed the process. Fast-forward another 70,000 years and early man has recognized the value of sharpened flint, not only good for striking fire, but also for delicately slicing off hair from the body!尽管人类开始刮胡子的确切时间尚不清楚,但大多数专家和已发现的手工艺品均表明,剃须的起源大约始于公元前100000年,那时的穴居人会一根根地将胡须全部拔掉,甚至使用像岩石或贝壳之类的东西来清理胡须。过了70000年,人们发现磨光的燧石不仅可以用来打火,还能够精准地剃除毛发!The real history of shaving, however, doesn’t begin until we reach the Egyptian civilization, where the act of shaving madeits real debut on the world stage. Egyptians had a powerful belief that body hair was a sign of uncleanliness, so both men and women engaged in the complete removal of hair from the body—head to toe! In some cases, causticingredients like quicklimeand arsenicwere used in these primitive depilatorycreams and shaving lotions. Early razors also appeared around the time, with the rise in metalworkingand mining in many areas of the world. The Egyptian relationship to cleanliness and body hair bordered on the obsessive, and the upper classes often bathed multiple times per day. They would shave their heads completely bald, and then wearout cooling wigsin public.刮胡子真正流行的时期是在古埃及文明时,此时也是剃须首次登上历史舞台。古埃及人深信体毛是不洁的标志,因此男人和女人都致力于从头到脚彻底清除体毛,他们还在原始脱毛膏和剃须液中加入了诸如生石灰和砷之类的腐蚀性原料。再后来,随着世界上许多地区的金属加工和采矿业的兴起,早期的剃刀也随之出现。古埃及人对于身体的洁净和脱毛达到了近乎痴迷的程度,上层阶级经常一天洗好几次澡。他们会把头发剃光,然后在公共场合佩戴凉快的假发。Accordingto anthropologists, the fear of uncleanliness may have been the early reason for prehistoricman to shave. Body hair provides an ideal environment for liceand other unwanted critters, and can also be a breeding ground for fungalinfections, particularly in hot or humid weather. Furthermore, having an excess of body hair led to the much faster development of body odor, another sign of uncleanliness within the rigid Egyptian society.人类学家认为,古人类刮胡子的重要原因是觉得胡子太脏了。在炎热或潮湿的天气下,胡须为虱子和其他有害生物提供了理想的环境,也成为了真菌感染的温床。除此之外,毛发还会散播更多的身体异味,这在严格的古埃及社会中也是不洁的标志。As a result of these elevated opinions, shaving became somewhat associated with class and status. Having an unshaven face in Egypt meant that you could not afford to visit a barber every day, or perhaps that you didn’t care about your appearance or standing in society. To this day, there are still areas where having an unshaven face is associated with laziness or a lack of professionalism.作为上层阶级的选择,剃须在某种程度上与阶级和地位相关联。如果一个男人不剃胡子,说明他负担不起理发师的费用,或者根本不在乎自己的容貌或社会地位。时至今日,世界上仍有很多区域的人们认为,不剃须的男人与懒惰或缺乏专业素养有关。This habit of shaving off one’s hair wasn’t immediately embraced by the rest of the world, but the Greeks and Romans were eventually won over in the 4th century BC. Not only was Alexander the Great a massive proponent of shaving—every single day—but also noted that less hair meant enemy combatantswould have less to grab onto, making Roman warriors even hardier and more formidable.古埃及的这种全身刮毛的习惯并没有立即被世界其他地方接受,不过,到公元前4世纪,古希腊和古罗马人也开始剃须。亚历山大大帝不仅大力提倡每天剃须,还指出,胡须越短,敌人在战斗中就越难以抓住胡子,这会让古罗马的战士们越斗志昂扬、坚不可摧。For the next thousand years, shaving spreads throughout Europe, the Middle East and Asia. Some cultures keep a clean but impressive beard, while shaving off all the other hair on their bodies, while other cultures object to removing body hair in other areas. In various countries at various times, there are waves of popularity behind shaving, sometimes in line with a cultural movement, or a particular fashion trend.在之后的一千年里,剃须的习俗遍及欧洲、中东和亚洲。有的文化要求人们保留干净美观的胡须,同时剃掉其他毛发,但也有文化反对人们剔除身体其他部位的毛发。在不同国家、不同时期,剃须背后都有不同的流行,或者符合某种文化运动,或者追求某种特定的时尚潮流。【VOCABULARY】1.artifactn.(尤指有历史或文化价值的) 手工艺品2.caveman n.(史前石器时代的)穴居人;野人3.flintn.燧石;打火石;极硬的东西4.made debut首秀,首次亮相5.causticadj.[化学] 腐蚀性的;6.quicklimen. 生石灰7.arsenicn. 砷8.metalworkingn.金属制造9.anthropologistn. 人类学家10.prehistoricadj. 史前的,有文字记载以前的11.licen. 虱子(louse 的复数)12.crittern. 生物;小动物13.fungaladj. 真菌的14.odor n. 气味;名声15.combatantn. 战士;争斗者(封面图片来源于摄图网,版权归摄图网所有)

练习 | look, appear, seem 的区别

look, appear, seem 的区别The differences between “look”, “appear”and “seem”刘立军 供稿TRANSCRIPTWelcome to Ask a Teacher - a new program where readers ask questions and teachers answer them.Have you ever noticed that English is full of words that have similar meanings?In today's Ask a Teacher, Mika from Japan asks how to decide among three verbs that all mean "give an idea about something."Here is her question:I don't understand the difference between "look," "appear" and "seem."If I say, "His new haircut makes him appear younger," is it correct?Hello Mika and thanks for your question!You can use "appear" in that situation, but the better verb would be "look."Let me give you the reasons why.We use both the verbs "look" and "appear" to talk about a condition we have observed.In your sentence, you can see with your eyes how stylish the man's new haircut is.You also see that it gives his face a more youthful shape.But "look" is more informal than the verb "appear." Your sentence sounded informal, as if you were talking to a friend.In contrast, you might see the word "appear" in writing, or hear it in formal speech, such as an official news report.For example, a news reporter might say, "The suspect appeared to be fleeing the scene."As that example shows, "appear" is commonly used to talk about events and facts.Your third choice, "seem" also means "to create an idea or impression."But "seem" does not suggest a direct observation.For example, you and I may have talked on the phone, and you told me about your great new job and recent vacation.Afterward, I could say, "Mika seems happy," even though I never saw you smile.Keep in mindone other difference among the three words."Seem" and "appear" are often followed by an infinitive verb, such as "The baby seems to want her bottle" or "The man appears to be waving."But, in everyday English, the verb "look" is often followed by an adjective. For example: "He looks tired."And that's Ask a Teacher.I'm Alice Bryant.VOCABULARY1. in contrast: 相比之下。例如:In contrast with her sister, she is very tall. 与姐姐相比, 她个子很高.2. keep in mind:记住QUESTIONSRead the statements. Then listen to the news and decide whether the statements are true (T) or false (F). Then correct the false statements. 1. We use both the verbs "look" and "appear" to talk about a condition we have observed.2. But "appear" is more informal than the verb "look." 3. You might see the word "appear" in writing, or hear it in informal speech, such as an official news report.4. "Appear" is commonly used to talk about events and facts.5. "Seem" does not suggest a direct observation.6. "Seem" and "look" are often followed by an infinitive verb.7. In everyday English, the verb "appear" is often followed by an adjective. KEY Read the statements. Then listen to the news and decide whether the statements are true (T) or false (F). Then correct the false statements.(T) 1. We use both the verbs "look" and "appear" to talk about a condition we have observed.(F)2. But "appear" is more informal than the verb "look." (正确表达)But "look" is more informal than the verb "appear." (F)3. You might see the word "appear" in writing, or hear it in informalspeech, such as an official news report.(正确表达)You might see the word "appear" in writing, or hear it in formalspeech, such as an official news report.(T) 4. "Appear" is commonly used to talk about events and facts.(T) 5. "Seem" does not suggest a direct observation.(F)6. "Seem" and "look"are often followed by an infinitive verb. (正确表达)"Seem" and "appear"are often followed by an infinitive verb.(F) 7. In everyday English, the verb "appear" is often followed by an adjective.(正确表达)In everyday English, the verb "look" is often followed by an adjective.(封面图片来源于摄图网,版权归摄图网所有)

练习 | 联合国气候峰会

联合国气候峰会The UN climate summit刘立军 供稿TRANSCRIPTHello, this is Danielle Jalowiecka with the BBC News. World leaders gathered in Glasgow for the start of formal discussions at the UN climate summit have been urged to rise to the challenge of combatting global warming. The British Prime Minister Boris Johnson has said it's time to move from aspirationto action. “They need to make further commitments. They need to make further commitments on how we're gonna move away from coal, from fossil fuel, burning; how we're gonna move away from using hydrocarboncars; how we're gonna plant millions of trees, if not a trillion. Trees around the world increase, protect the world's biodiversity. And above all, how we're going to get the whole of the developing world to buy intothis.” VOCABULARY1. aspiration n.a strong desire to have or do sth. 渴望;抱负;志向。例如:I didn't realize you had political aspirations. 我没有意识到你有政治上的抱负。2.hydrocarbonn.(chemistry 化) a chemical made up of hydrogen and carbon only. There are many different hydrocarbons found in petrol/gas, coal and natural gas. 烃;碳氢化合物3.biodiversityn.(不可数名词)the existence of a large number of different kinds of animals andplants which make a balanced environment 生物多样性(维持着生态环境平衡的大量各种生物的共存)4.buy into sth.: (informal) to believe sth., especially an idea that many other people believe in 信从(尤指随大流)。例如:She had never bought into the idea that to be attractive you have to be thin.她从不随大流地认为要想有魅力,就得瘦身。QUESTIONSRead the statements. Then listen to the news and decide whether the statements are true (T) or false (F). Then correct the false statements. 1. The purpose of the Glasgow meeting is to combat global warming. 2. Boris Johnson pointed out that it's time to move from action to aspiration. 3. We need to make further commitments on why we're going to plant millions of trees. 4. Fossil fuel could protect the world's biodiversity. 5. Boris Johnson argued that the first thing is how to get both the developed and the developing world to buy into the combatting global warming. KEY Read the statements. Then listen to the news and decide whether the statements are true (T) or false (F). Then correct the false statements.(T) 1. The purpose of the Glasgow meeting is to combat global warming. (F) 2. Boris Johnson pointed out that it's time to move from action to aspiration.(正确表达)Boris Johnson pointed out that it's time to move from aspiration to action. (F) 3. We need to make further commitments on whywe're going to plant millions of trees.(正确表达)We need to make further commitments on howwe're going to plant millions of trees. (F) 4. Fossil fuelscould protect the world's biodiversity. (正确表达)Treescould protect the world's biodiversity. (F) 5. Boris Johnson argued that the first thing is how to get both the developed and the developing worldto buy into the combatting global warming.(正确表达)Boris Johnson argued that the first thing is how to get all the developing worldto buy into the combatting global warming. (封面图片来源于摄图网,版权归摄图网所有)

练习 | 专家建议勿服用阿司匹林预防心脏病

专家建议勿服用阿司匹林预防心脏病Health Experts Warn Against TakingAspirin To Prevent a Heart Attack Or Stroke刘立军 供稿TRANSCRIPTA group of health experts says older adults without heart disease should not take aspirin to prevent a heart attack or stroke.The group says the risk of bleeding inside the body for people 60 years of age and older is greater than the protection from heart disease.The U.S. Preventive Services Task Force released an early version of the new guidance recently.It is a government-appointed group of health experts on disease prevention.In addition to advice for older adults, the group for the first time said there may be a small benefit for adults in their 40s who have no bleeding risks.The experts also said there is less clear evidence of a benefit for those in their 50s.The group's guidelines are meant for people who are at higher risk of heart disease.This includes people with high blood pressure, high cholesterol, those who are highly overweight or who have conditions that increase their chances for a heart attack or stroke.Anyone considering whether to start or stop the aspirin treatment should talk with a doctor first, the group also advised."Aspirin use can cause serious harms, and risk increases with age," said John Wong, a group member and doctor at Tufts Medical Center in Boston.In 2016, the prevention experts had advised that a small amount of aspirin each day could help prevent a first heart attack or stroke.The new advice is in agreement withmore recent guidelines from other medical groups.Doctors have long advised small amounts of aspirin every day for many patients who already have had a heart attack or stroke.The group's guidance does not change that.The new guidance was announced online to let the public comment on it until November 8.The group will study the comments and then make a final decision.Wong said the guidelines are being updated because of new studies and reexamination of older research.Aspirin is best known as a medicine to reduce pain.But it also thins blood.This can reduce the chances for blood clots.But aspirin also has risks, even in small amounts.These include bleeding in the stomach or intestinesand ulcers.Both conditions can be dangerous.Dr. Lauren Block is a researcher at the Feinstein Institutes for Medical Research in Manhasset, New York.She said the guidance is important because so many adults take aspirin although they have never had a heart attack or stroke.Block is not on the task force.However, she recently stopped treating a patient with aspirin because of the possible bad effects.She instead began treating the patient with a cholesterol-lowering drug known as a statin.The patient is 70-year-old Richard Schrafel.He has high blood pressure and knows about his heart attack risks.Schrafel said he never had bad effects from aspirin.But he takes the new guidance seriously.Sixty-three-year-old Rita Seefeldt also has high blood pressure.She took aspirin every day for about 10 years until her doctor told her to stop two years ago."He said they changed their minds on that," remembered the retired elementary school teacher from Milwaukee.She said she understands that science develops over time.I'm Mario Ritter, Jr.VOCABULARY1. stroken.a sudden serious illness when a blood vessel (= tube) in the brain bursts or is blocked, which can cause death or the loss of the ability to move or to speak clearly 中风。例如:to have/suffer a stroke患中风2.cholesteroln.a substance found in blood, fat and most tissues of the body. Too much cholesterol can cause heart disease. 胆固醇3. in agreement with: 同意,与……一致4.intestinen.a long tube in the body between the stomach and the anus . Food passes from thestomach to the small intestine and from there to the large intestine. 肠5.ulcern.a sore area on the outside of the body or on the surface of an organ inside the body whichis painful and may bleed or produce a poisonous substance 溃疡。例如:a stomach ulcer胃溃疡6.statinn.(医)抑制素(类名,包括促生长素抑制素、促黑素抑制素、促乳素抑制素等)QUESTIONSRead the statements. Then listen to the news and decide whether the statements are true (T) or false (F). Then correct the false statements. 1. Older adults without heart disease should not take aspirin to prevent a heart attack or stroke.2. The risk of bleeding inside the body for people 50years of age and older is greater than the protection from heart disease.3. The U.S. Preventive Services Task Force is a government-appointed group of health experts on disease cure and prevention.4. The experts also said there is less clear evidence of a benefit for those in their 50s.5. Anyone considering whether to start or stop the aspirin treatment should talk with a doctor first.6. In 2016, the prevention experts had advised that a small amount of aspirin each day could help prevent a first heart attack or stroke.7. Doctors have long advised small amounts of aspirin every day for many patients who already have had a heart attack or stroke.8. The new guidance was announced online to let the public comment on it until December 8.9. Aspirin is best known as a medicine to reduce pain, but it also has benefits, even in small amounts.10. Dr. Lauren Block recently stoppedtreating the patient with a cholesterol-lowering drug known as a statin.KEY Read the statements. Then listen to the news and decide whether the statements are true (T) or false (F). Then correct the false statements.(T) 1. Older adults without heart disease should not take aspirin to prevent a heart attack or stroke.(F)2. The risk of bleeding inside the body for people 50years of age and older is greater than the protection from heart disease.(正确表达)The risk of bleeding inside the body for people 60years of age and older is greater than the protection from heart disease.(F) 3. The U.S. Preventive Services Task Force is a government-appointed group of health experts on disease cure and prevention.(正确表达)The U.S. Preventive Services Task Force is a government-appointed group of health experts on disease prevention.(T) 4. The experts also said there is less clear evidence of a benefit for those in their 50s.(T) 5. Anyone considering whether to start or stop the aspirin treatment should talk with a doctor first.(T) 6. In 2016, the prevention experts had advised that a small amount of aspirin each day could help prevent a first heart attack or stroke.(T) 7. Doctors have long advised small amounts of aspirin every day for many patients who already have had a heart attack or stroke.(F) 8. The new guidance was announced online to let the public comment on it until December8.(正确表达)The new guidance was announced online to let the public comment on it until November8.(F) 9. Aspirin is best known as a medicine to reduce pain, but it also has benefits, even in small amounts.(正确表达)Aspirin is best known as a medicine to reduce pain, but it also has risks, even in small amounts.(F) 10. Dr. Lauren Block recently stoppedtreating the patient with a cholesterol-lowering drug known as a statin.(正确表达)Dr. Lauren Block recently begantreating the patient with a cholesterol-lowering drug known as a statin.(封面图片来源于摄图网,版权归摄图网所有)

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