双语阅读 | 为什么洗澡时常常会灵感乍现?

Why Do We Have Great Ideas in the Shower?为什么洗澡时常常会灵感乍现?曹艺凡 供稿Alice Flaherty, one of the most renowned neuroscientists researching creativity has an answer for us when it comes to why you get your best ideas in the shower. An ingredient that's very important for us to be creative is dopamine: The more dopamine that is released, the more creative we are.人为什么总在洗澡的时候灵感爆发?创造力研究领域最著名的神经科学家之一,爱丽丝·弗拉赫蒂为我们提供了答案。产生创造力的其中一个至关重要的因素是多巴胺。释放的多巴胺越多,我们就越有创造力。Typical triggers for events, that make us feel great and relaxed and therefore give us an increased dopamine flow are taking a warm shower, exercising, driving home, etc. The chances of having great ideas then are a lot higher.常见的令人感觉舒适、放松,从而促进多巴胺分泌的活动,包括洗个热水澡,锻炼身体,开车回家等等,在这些时刻,灵感乍现的几率会高很多。Especially if you have thought long and hard all day about a problem, jumping into the shower can turn into what scientist call the "incubation period" for your ideas. The subconscious mind has been working extremely hard to solve the problems you face and now that you let your mind wander, it can surface and plant those ideas into your conscious mind.特别是如果你已经为一个问题绞尽脑汁想了一整天,走进淋浴间的瞬间就是科学家所说的进入了想法的“孵化期”。潜意识里你一直在非常努力地解决面临的问题,而你现在洗澡的过程就是放松思维,让灵感浮出水面、进入到你的意识里的过程。Lastly, after you have received an influx in dopamine, can be easily distracted by an extremely habitual task like showering or cooking, a relaxed state of mind is absolutely important to be creative.最后,多巴胺水平上升后,你会很容易被习惯性的事件分散注意力,如洗澡或做饭。放松的心态对创意是至关重要的。Why is a relaxed state of mind so important for creative insights? When our minds are at ease, we're more likely to direct the spotlight of attention inward, toward that stream of remote associations emanating from the right hemisphere. In contrast, when we are diligently focused, our attention tends to be directed outward, toward the details of the problems we're trying to solve. While this pattern of attention is necessary when solving problems analytically, it actually prevents us from detecting the connections that lead to insights.为什么放松的精神状态对创造力的产生如此重要?当我们的思想处于轻松状态时,我们更有可能将注意力的焦点转向内部,转向从右脑远程发出的联想流。相比之下,当我们努力想集中注意力时,我们的注意力往往是向外的,转向我们试图解决的问题的细节。虽然这种注意力模式在分析性地解决问题时是必要的,但它实际上阻碍了我们去发现产生灵感的联想。That’s why so many insights happen during warm showers. For many people, it’s the most relaxing part of the day. It’s not until we’re being massaged by warm water, unable to check our e-mail, that we’re finally able to hear the quiet voices in the backs of our heads telling us about the insight. The answers have been their all along, we just weren’t listening.这就是为什么灵感乍现常发生在洗澡时。对许多人来说,这是一天中最放松的时刻。直到我们被温暖包围,不再想着查收电子邮件,我们才能够听到我们脑海中安静的声音,向我们诉说灵感。答案一直都在,只是我们没有在听。【Vocabulary】1.dopamine n. 多巴胺2.incubation n. 孵化3.influx n. (人、资金或事物的)涌入4.emanate v. 表现;散发5.hemisphere n. (球体的、地球的、大脑的)半球(封面图片来源于摄图网,版权归摄图网所有)

双语阅读 | 可以为服装申请专利吗?

Can You Patent Clothing?可以为服装申请专利吗?曹艺凡 供稿If you've just finished working on a new line of clothing, you're probably wondering whether you can protect it with a patent? The USPTO (United States Patent and Trademark Office) issues design patents that protect the aesthetics or ornamental appearance of an object and utility patents that protect the functional aspects of an article of clothing. So, can a patent protect your clothing?如果你刚刚完成了新一季的服装设计,你可能会好奇是否可以为其申请专利?美国专利及商标局(USPTO)可授权外观设计专利,用以保护产品富有美感或具有装饰性的外观设计;还可授予实用专利,用以保护服装的功能性设计。那么,专利可以保护你的服装设计吗?The short answer is yes, you can patent clothing using a design patent or utility patent. Patenting your clothing will allow you to restrict others from using, making, selling, and importing the patented clothing without your express permission.回答是肯定的,你可以为服装申请外观设计或者实用专利。一旦你的服装取得专利,他人就不得在未经你明确许可的情况下使用、制造、销售和进口该专利服装。You'll have the exclusive right to make and sell your clothing line, you will also be able to license the design or the invention of your clothing to third parties in exchange for a licensing fee. Also, if you wish, you can sell the patented design to another party.你将拥有制造和销售该系列服装的独家权利。此外,你还可以授权第三方使用该服装设计或发明,以赚取授权费。另外,如果你愿意,可以将专利设计出售给另一方。If the piece of clothing or apparel that you want to protect has a new, functional aspect, you can file a utility patent application. Utility patents protect functional items, including clothing that has a new and unique function.如果你想保护的服装具有新功能,那么可以提出实用专利申请。实用专利保护功能性产品,包括具有全新独特功能的服装。Problems with Protecting Clothing with a Patent利用专利保护服装的不足Now that we have covered how you can protect an article of clothing using either a utility patent or design patent, it’s important to understand the shortcomings associated with patent law protecting clothing.前文已介绍如何利用实用或外观设计专利来保护服装,那么了解利用专利法保护服装有哪些不足就十分重要了。It often takes the USPTO 20 months to approve or deny a design patent application and this is simply too slow in the fashion industry where trends tend to move fairly quickly. Often times, the design that’s sought to be patented is already out of fashion by the time the patent office issues the design patent. The USPTO does offer an expedited means of obtaining a design patent, but even then it takes 10 to 12 months to get a design patent approved.美国专利及商标局通常需要20个月的时间来通过或拒绝一项外观设计专利申请,但是时尚界的更新换代非常迅速,这个审批速度实在太慢。大多数情况下,在专利局通过外观设计专利时,申请专利的设计已经过时。即使美国专利及商标局提供了获批外观设计专利的快捷方式,也需要至少10到12个月的时间。In addition, although many makers of unique clothing designs will benefit from patenting their new designs, it is often cost-prohibitive for some people.此外,尽管许多拥有独特服装设计的制造商因其设计的专利保护而获益,但对一些人而言,申请专利的成本往往太过高昂。If you're an individual designer, you should expect to pay between $1,740 to $3,980 for an attorney to prepare and file your design patent application.如果你是独立设计师,你要预备1740至3980美元聘请律师,为你准备并提交设计专利的申请。【Vocabulary】1. aesthetics n.(审)美学2. ornamental adj. 装饰的;点缀的3. apparel n.(商店出售的)服装4. expedite v. 加速5. attorney n. 律师(封面图片来源于摄图网,版权归摄图网所有)

双语阅读 | 鱼是怎么睡觉的?

How Do Fish Sleep?鱼是怎么睡觉的?曹艺凡 供稿Sleep plays an essential role in our overall functioning, development, and how long we live. Without enough sleep, our health and cognitive performance suffers. The same goes for animals, including fish.睡眠对我们身体的整体机能、发育和寿命长短有着至关重要的影响。缺乏足够的睡眠,我们的身体健康和认知能力就会受损。这对动物也是如此,包括鱼类。While nearly all animals sleep, the way they sleep can be very different, especially in the case of fish. Fish sleep looks so different that many researchers prefer to call it rest instead of sleep.虽然几乎所有的动物都会睡觉,但它们的睡眠方式大相径庭,特别是鱼类。鱼类的睡眠看起来如此不同,许多研究人员更愿意称其为休息,而不是睡眠。Do Fish Sleep?鱼会睡觉吗?Many types of fish appear to sleep, but fish sleep differs from what we usually think of as sleep. Researchers have not been able to measure the familiar brain wave patterns that characterize human sleep and the sleep of many other animals in most fish, so researchers often refer to fish sleep as rest. Also, since most fish do not have eyelids, they can’t close their eyes during this rest.很多种类的鱼似乎都会睡觉,但鱼的睡眠与我们通常所认为的睡眠不同。人类和许多其他动物在睡眠中会伴随有各种脑电波波形,但在大多数鱼类身上,研究人员尚未检测到类似波形。因此,研究人员一般把鱼的睡眠称为休息。此外,由于大多数鱼没有眼睑,它们在这种休息中无法闭眼。Fish appear to be more alert than humans are during sleep, which may give them more time to react to potential threats in their environment. Still, fish do slow down metabolic processes in their resting state, much like humans. They physically slow down as well, with some fish floating in place.鱼在睡眠期间看起来比人类更警觉,这样,它们就可能有更多时间对环境中的潜在威胁作出反应。然而,就像人类一样,鱼在休息状态下的新陈代谢还是会放缓。它们的动作也会减慢,有些鱼会漂浮在适宜的地方。How Do Researchers Know That a Fish Is Sleeping?研究人员如何得知一条鱼在睡觉?Since fish do not look very different when they are asleep, it can be difficult to determine whether a fish is resting or awake. However, during a state of rest, fish are much less responsive. Some may appear to stop moving completely, and can even be touched or handled without waking up.由于鱼在睡着的时候看起来没有什么不同,所以很难确定一条鱼是在休息还是醒着。但在休息状态下,鱼的反应能力要弱得多。一些鱼可能看起来完全不动,甚至在被触碰或拿起来的时候都不会醒过来。Moreover, some fish are more vulnerable to being attacked by predators at night, which suggests that they are diurnal, or resting and less alert at night. Studies have found that certain fish species experience more deaths in the first two hours after sunset, which indicates that these fish tend to fall asleep at that time.此外,一些鱼在夜间更容易受到捕食者的攻击,这表明它们主要在白天活动,在夜间会进入休息状态因而不太警觉。研究发现,某些鱼类在日落后两小时的死亡数量更多,表明这些鱼在那个时间段更容易进入睡眠状态。A lack of responsiveness is often a sign of fish sleep, but researchers have found additional markers of sleep that fish share with humans and other animals. For example, studies show that melatonin may regulate the sleep-wake cycles in zebrafish. Zebrafish also appear to have distinct stages of sleep like humans, and follow a circadian rhythm.缺乏反应能力通常是鱼类进入睡眠的标志,但研究人员发现了鱼类和人类以及其他动物所共有的其他睡眠标志。例如,研究表明,褪黑素或许可以调节斑马鱼的睡眠—觉醒周期。斑马鱼似乎也像人类一样拥有明显不同的睡眠阶段,遵循着昼夜节律。The Stages of Fish Sleep鱼类睡眠的不同阶段Humans cycle through four stages of sleep, including two stages of light sleep, one stage of slow-wave, deep sleep, and one stage of rapid eye movement (REM) sleep. Although fish do not have a neocortex like humans, researchers were able to monitor the brain activity, heart rate, and eye and muscle movement in zebrafish to document two stages of sleep that are similar to slow-wave sleep and REM sleep.人类睡眠可以分为四个阶段,包括两个轻度睡眠阶段、一个慢波深度睡眠阶段、以及一个快速眼动(REM)睡眠阶段。尽管鱼类不像人类那样拥有大脑新皮质,但研究人员还是能够监测到斑马鱼的大脑活动、心率、眼睛和肌肉运动,记录两个与慢波睡眠和快速眼动睡眠相似的睡眠阶段。When fish do not get enough sleep, they seem to be vulnerable to the effects of sleep deprivation. After a night of sleep deprivation, zebrafish experience a sleep rebound, in which they catch up on sleep.当鱼没有得到足够的睡眠时,它们似乎很容易受到睡眠不足的影响。整夜的睡眠不足会使斑马鱼出现睡眠反弹现象,在这个过程中它们会补足睡眠。This resting state is so essential to fish that they will find ways to maintain a bare minimum of sleep, just like other animals. For example, if fish are subjected to experiments in which their sleep is interrupted, they will eventually nod off into microsleeps, managing to obtain at least 5% to 10% of their normal amount of sleep.这种休息状态对鱼来说是非常重要的。它们会像其他动物一样,想办法维持最低水平的睡眠。例如,如果鱼经历了睡眠被打断的实验,它们最后会打瞌睡至微睡眠模式,从而获得至少5%—10%的正常睡眠量。【Vocabulary】1. predator n. 捕食者2. diurnal adj. 日间活动的3. melatonin n. 褪黑素4. circadian adj. (指每24小时人或动物体内变化)昼夜节律的,生理节奏的5. neocortex n. (大脑)新皮质6. deprivation n. 缺乏;剥夺7. rebound n. 反弹(封面图片来源于摄图网,版权归摄图网所有)

练习 | 我国经济总量十年翻倍

我国经济总量十年翻倍刘立军 供稿TRANSCRIPTNews 1:Economic output jumps $9.05 trillion in 10 yearsChina's economic output has jumped from 53.9 trillion yuan in 2012 to 114.4 trillion yuan in 2021, with its proportion in the world economy increasing from 11.3 percent to more than 18 percent, the country's development and reform commission announced on Tuesday. In that same period, China's per-capita GDP rose from $6,300 to more than $12,000.News 2:Shenzhou-13 astronauts meet the pressThe three astronauts of China's Shenzhou-13 mission met the press and public on Tuesday, their first such appearance after returning to Earth in April. Launched on Oct. 16, 2021, the Shenzhou-13 spaceship sent Zhai Zhigang, Wang Yaping and Ye Guangfu to China's space station core module Tianhe where they lived for six months, setting a new record for Chinese astronauts' stays in space. The three returned to Earth safely on April 16.News 3:Over 25m learning ChineseMore than 25 million foreigners were learning Chinese as of the end of 2021, according to the Ministry of Education. At that time, Chinese language learning was available in more than 180 countries and regions around the world. The Chinese language had been incorporated into the national education systems of 76 countries, and nearly 200 million people had received training in the subject, the ministry said at a news conference on Tuesday.News 4:Monkeypox mutating at 12 times the expected rateThe monkeypox virus strain that has emerged across the world in recent weeks may be evolving at an abnormally fast rate - making it more infectious than previous versions of the virus.This means the virus, which is generally believed to spread by physical touch, contaminated surfaces or close bodily contact could spread in ways atypical to the tropical virus'normal patterns.It would explain the recent global monkeypox outbreak, where 201 cases have been detected across 25 US states and Washington, DC and over 3,500 cases detected worldwide in countries where the virus is not endemic.VOCABULARY1. commission n. an official group of people who have been given responsibility to control sth, or to find out about sth., usually for the government (通常为政府管控或调查某事的)委员会2. infectious adj. an infectious disease can be passed easily from one person to another, especially through the air they breathe 传染性的,感染的(尤指通过呼吸)3. contaminated adj. 被污染的4. atypical adj. not typical or usual 非典型的;反常的5. endemic adj. regularly found in a particular place or among a particular group of people and difficult to get rid of 地方性的;(某地或某集体中)特有的,流行的,难摆脱的QUESTIONSRead the questions. Then listen to the news and answer the following questions with the information you hear.News 1:Q1: What’s China's economic output in 2021?News 2:Q2: How long did the three Shenzhou-13 astronauts stay in China's space station?News 3:Q3: How many foreigners were learning Chinese at the end of 2021?News 4:Q4: How does the monkeypox virus spread?KEYRead the questions. Then listen to the news and answer the following questions with the information you hear.News 1:KEY 1: 114.4 trillion yuan in 2021.News 2:KEY 2: They lived for six months.News 3:KEY 3: More than 25 million foreigners.News 4:KEY 4: It is generally believed to spread by physical touch, contaminated surfaces or close bodily contact.(封面图片来源于摄图网,版权归摄图网所有)

练习 | 欧洲市场天然气价格急剧上涨

欧洲市场天然气价格急剧上涨刘立军 供稿TRANSCRIPTNews 1There has been a sharp rise in the price of natural gas on European markets after a major U.S. producer announced that one of its export terminals would remain closed for months. Freeport LNG said an explosion last week had halted operations at the plant in Texas.News 2Lebanon has proposed a deal aimed at resolving a long-running maritime dispute with Israel. The heated row came to a head earlier this month when Israel made preparations to begin oil and gas exploration in waters partly claimed by Beirut.News 3A senior Pakistani Minister Ahsan Iqbal has urged people to drink less tea to help the government reduce its import bill. Mr. Iqbal said the government had been borrowing money to buy in the much-loved beverage and if people reduce consumption by one or two cups a day, it would help the economy.News 4And Costa Rica have claimed the final place in this year's football World Cup tournament in Qatar. They beat New Zealand 1:0 in the internal-continental playoff to reach their third finals in a row.VOCABULARY1. terminal n. a place, building or set of buildings where journeys by train, bus or boat begin or end (火车、公共汽车或船的)终点站。例如:a railway / bus / ferry terminal铁路 / 公共汽车终点站;渡船码头2. halt v. to stop; to make sb. / sth. stop (使)停止,停下3. maritime adj. (formal) near the sea 靠近海的4.tournamentn. (North Amercian English) a sports competition involving a number of teams or players who take part in different games and must leave the competition if they lose. The competition continues until there is only the winner left. 锦标赛5. playoff n.(双方得分相等时的)最后决赛QUESTIONSRead the passage. Then listen to the news and fill in the blanks with the information (words, phrases or sentences) you hear.News 1There has been a sharp rise in the price of (Q1) __________ on European markets after a major U.S. producer announced that one of its export terminals would remain closed for months. Freeport LNG said an (Q2) ___________ last week had halted operations at the plant in Texas.News 2Lebanon has proposed a deal aimed at resolving a long-running maritime (Q3) ____________ with Israel. The heated row came to a head earlier this month when Israel made preparations to begin (Q4) ________________ exploration in (Q5) ___________ partly claimed by Beirut.News 3A senior Pakistani Minister Ahsan Iqbal has urged people to drink less (Q6) _______ to help the government reduce its import bill. Mr. Iqbal said the government had been borrowing money to buy in the much-loved (Q7) ___________ and if people reduce (Q8) _____________ by one or two cups a day, it would help the economy.News 4And Costa Rica have claimed the final place in this year's football World Cup (Q9) __________ in Qatar. They beat New Zealand 1:0 in the internal-continental (Q10) _______________to reach their third finals in a row.KEYRead the passage. Then listen to the news and fill in the blanks with the information (words, phrases or sentences) you hear.News 1There has been a sharp rise in the price of (Q1) natural gas on European markets after a major U.S. producer announced that one of its export terminals would remain closed for months. Freeport LNG said an (Q2) explosion last week had halted operations at the plant in Texas.News 2Lebanon has proposed a deal aimed at resolving a long-running maritime (Q3) dispute with Israel. The heated row came to a head earlier this month when Israel made preparations to begin (Q4) oil and gas exploration in (Q5) waters partly claimed by Beirut.News 3A senior Pakistani Minister Ahsan Iqbal has urged people to drink less (Q6) tea to help the government reduce its import bill. Mr. Iqbal said the government had been borrowing money to buy in the much-loved (Q7) beverage and if people reduce (Q8) consumption by one or two cups a day, it would help the economy.News 4And Costa Rica have claimed the final place in this year's football World Cup (Q9) tournament in Qatar. They beat New Zealand 1:0 in the internal-continental (Q10) playoff to reach their third finals in a row.(封面图片来源于摄图网,版权归摄图网所有)

练习 | 为什么你可能会经历精神上的隆冬

Why You May Be Experiencing a Mental Midwinter?为什么你可能会经历精神上的仲冬时节?刘立军 供稿TRANSCRIPTEvery year, nature quietly takes us through a moral lesson that has much to teach us about how we might relate to certain of the more dispiritingand despair-inducing moments in our own development. Beginning in mid-October in the northern hemisphere, the temperature drops, the nights draw in, the earth turns cold and hard, fog lies low over the land and rain drives hard across the austere, comatosegrey-brown landscape. There is nothing immediate we can hope for; now we have nothing to do but wait, with resignedpatience, until something better shows up.Far more than we can generally accept, our minds too have cycles. We cannot be permanently fruitful or creative, excited or open. There are necessary times of retrenchmentwhen, whatever we might desire, there seems no alternative but to stop. We can no longer be productive; we lose direction and inspiration. We are immovably numb and sterile.It can be easy to panic: why should such a paralyzed and detached mood have descended on our formerly lively minds? Where have all our ideas and hopes gone? What has happened to our previous animation and gladness?We should, at such times, take reassurance from the late November landscape. Certainly, things are lifeless, cold and in suspension. But this is not the end of the story; the earth is like this: not as a destination but as a phase. The deadness is a preludeto new life; the fallowperiod is a guarantorof fecunddays to come. All living organisms need to recharge themselves; old leaves have to give way; tired limbs must rest. The dance and fermentcould not go on. It may look as if nothing at all is happening, as though this is a trancewithout purpose. Yet, deep underground, at this very moment, nutrients are being gathered, the groundwork for future ebullienceand dynamism is being laid down, another summer is very slowly collecting its strength.As nature seeks to tell us, we cannot permanently be in flower. We need moments of reposeand confusion. There is nothing to fear. Things will re-emerge. We should make our peace with our own midwinters ― and lean on nature’s wise accommodation to strengthen us in our pursuit of serenityand patience.VOCABULARY1.dispiritingadj.making sb. lose their hope or enthusiasm令人沮丧的;使人气馁的。例如:a dispiriting experience/failure令人沮丧的经历/失败2. austereadj. simple and plain; without any decorations朴素的;简陋的;无华饰的。例如:her austere bedroom with its simple narrow bed她那仅有一张窄床的简陋卧室3. comatoseadj. (humorous, usedfigurativelyin the text) extremely tired and lacking in energy; sleeping deeply(有幽默意味,在文中为修辞用法)困乏的;无精打采的;酣睡的4. resignedadj. being willing to calmly accept sth. unpleasant or difficult that you cannot change安然接受的;顺从的。例如:He was resigned to never seeing his birthplace again.他认命了,甘愿永不再去他的出生地。5. retrenchmentn.节省;(开支)6. sterileadj. lacking individual personality, imagination or new ideas紧缩刻板的;无个性的;缺乏新意的。例如:He felt creatively and emotionally sterile.他感觉自己既缺乏创造力又没有充沛的感情。7. suspensionn. the act of delaying sth. for a period of time, until a decision has been taken暂缓;推迟;延期。例如:These events have led to the suspension of talks.这些事件导致谈判延期。8. preluden. an action or event that happens before another more important one and forms an introduction to it序幕;前奏;先声9. fallowadj. (of a period of time一段时期) when nothing is created or produced; not successful空闲的;休眠的;不成功的。例如:Contemporary dance is coming onto the arts scene again after a long fallow period.当代舞蹈经过一段长时期的销声匿迹之后现在又回到了艺术舞台。10. guarantorn. a person who agrees to be responsible for sb. or for making sure that sth. happens or is done担保人;保证人。例如:The United Nations will act as guarantor of the peace settlement.联合国将充当和平解决方案的保证人。11. fecundadj. producing a lot of good or useful things多产的;丰饶的12. fermentn. (formal) a state of political or social excitement and confusion(政治或社会上的)动乱,骚动,纷扰。例如:The country is in ferment.这个国家动荡不安。13. trancen. a state in which sb. seems to be asleep but is aware of what is said to them, for example if they are hypnotized昏睡状态;催眠状态。例如:to go/fall into a trance进入/陷入昏睡状态14. ebulliencen.(感情等的)奔放,兴高采烈;沸腾15. reposen.(literary) a state of rest, sleep or feeling calm休息;睡眠;平静;镇静16. serenityn. calmnessand peace平静;宁静;安详。例如:The hotel offers a haven of peace and serenity away from the bustle of the city.那家旅馆远离闹市,是一个幽静安谧的好去处。QUESTIONSRead the passage. Then listen to the news and fill in the blanks with the information (words, phrases or sentences) you hear.Every year, nature quietly takes us through a moral lesson that has much to teach us about how we might relate to certain of the more dispiriting and despair-inducing moments in our own development. Beginning in mid-October in the northern hemisphere, the temperature drops, the nights draw in, the earth turns (Q1) ______________________, fog lies low over the land and rain drives hard across the austere, comatose grey-brown landscape. There is nothing immediate we can hope for; now we (Q2) ________________________, with resigned patience, until something better shows up.Far more than we can generally accept, our minds too have cycles. We cannot be permanently fruitful or creative, excited or open. There are necessary times of retrenchment when, whatever we might desire, there seems no alternative but to stop. We can no longer be productive; we lose (Q3) __________________________________. We are immovably numb and sterile. //It can be (Q4) ___________________: why should such a paralyzed and detached mood have descended on our formerly lively minds? Where have all our ideas and hopes gone? What has happened to our previous animation and gladness?We should, at such times, (Q5) ________________________________________. Certainly, things are lifeless, cold and in suspension. But this is not the end of the story; the earth is like this: not as a destination but as a phase. The deadness is a prelude to new life; the fallow period is a guarantor of fecund days to come. All living organisms need to (Q6) ______________themselves; old leaves have to give way; tired limbs must rest. The dance and ferment could not go on. It may look as if nothing at all is happening, as though this is a trance without purpose. Yet, deep underground, at this very moment, nutrients are being gathered, the groundwork for future (Q7) ____________________is being laid down, another summer is very slowly collecting its strength.As nature seeks to tell us, (Q8) ____________________________. We need moments of repose and confusion. (Q9) ____________________. Things will re-emerge. We should make our peace with our own midwinters ― and lean on nature’s wise accommodation to strengthen us in our pursuit of (Q10) _________________________. KEYRead the passage. Then listen to the news and fill in the blanks with the information (words, phrases or sentences) you hear.Every year, nature quietly takes us through a moral lesson that has much to teach us about how we might relate to certain of the more dispiriting and despair-inducing moments in our own development. Beginning in mid-October in the northern hemisphere, the temperature drops, the nights draw in, the earth turns (Q1) cold and hard, fog lies low over the land and rain drives hard across the austere, comatose grey-brown landscape. There is nothing immediate we can hope for; now we (Q2) have nothing to do but wait, with resigned patience, until something better shows up.//Far more than we can generally accept, our minds too have cycles. We cannot be permanently fruitful or creative, excited or open. There are necessary times of retrenchment when, whatever we might desire, there seems no alternative but to stop. We can no longer be productive; we lose (Q3) direction and inspiration. We are immovably numb and sterile.It can be (Q4) easy to panic: why should such a paralyzed and detached mood have descended on our formerly lively minds? Where have all our ideas and hopes gone? What has happened to our previous animation and gladness?We should, at such times, (Q5) take reassurance from the late November landscape. Certainly, things are lifeless, cold and in suspension. But this is not the end of the story; the earth is like this: not as a destination but as a phase. The deadness is a prelude to new life; the fallow period is a guarantor of fecund days to come. All living organisms need to (Q6) rechargethemselves; old leaves have to give way; tired limbs must rest. The dance and ferment could not go on. It may look as if nothing at all is happening, as though this is a trance without purpose. Yet, deep underground, at this very moment, nutrients are being gathered, the groundwork for future (Q7) ebullience and dynamismis being laid down, another summer is very slowly collecting its strength.As nature seeks to tell us, (Q8) we cannot permanently be in flower. We need moments of repose and confusion. (Q9) There is nothing to fear. Things will re-emerge. We should make our peace with our own midwinters ― and lean on nature’s wise accommodation to strengthen us in our pursuit of (Q10) serenity and patience.(封面图片来源于摄图网,版权归摄图网所有)

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