双语阅读 | 新娘为什么爱穿白色婚纱?

Why Do Brides Wear White?新娘为什么爱穿白色婚纱?曹艺凡 供稿In many societies the color white has long been associated with purity and virtue, and that is one reason why some brides choose to wear white, especially in the West. More often than not, though, you will hear claims that brides wear white because “it’s tradition.” ; but historically, white was not the only color considered for wedding dresses. In fact, other colors were chosen far more frequently than white. For many centuries in Western societies, wedding dresses were of all different colors. This was for reasons of practicality as much as anything else. Brides tended to buy a wedding dress that could be worn again, or they simply wore the best dress they already owned. And white does not lend itself to practicality: it is difficult to keep clean and is therefore not ideal for many situations or for repeat wear. Many brides chose to wear dresses of other colors for their wedding and beyond. So why do so many of today’s brides wear white? They do so largely thanks to a trend that started with Queen Victoria’s 1840 wedding to Prince Albert.在很多国家,白色长期以来象征着纯洁和美德,这也是一些新娘选择穿白色婚纱的原因之一,尤其是在西方。但更多时候,你会听人说起新娘选择白色婚纱是因为“遵循传统”。但是纵观历史,白色并不是婚纱礼服的唯一颜色。事实上,选择其他颜色的远比白色更多。在西方社会,几百年来,婚纱有各种不同的颜色。这既是出于实用性的考虑,也有其他方面的考量。新娘倾向于购买可以再次穿着的礼裙,或者是穿她们自己拥有的最漂亮的裙子。而白色本身并不实用:它很难保持干净,因此在许多场合或重复穿着时并不是一个理想的选择。许多新娘选择在婚礼和其他场合上穿其他颜色的礼服。那么,为什么今天有这么多新娘穿白色的礼裙?这种流行趋势很大程度上是始于1840年维多利亚女王与阿尔伯特王子的婚礼。Unlike today, royal weddings in yonder years received a lot of coverage—albeit not in as many different mediums as we have now—and thus had a tendency to be trendsetting. The nuptials of Queen Victoria and Prince Albert were no exception. So when Victoria opted to wear a white gown (reportedly to show off the fine detailed Honiton lace produced by the British lace industry, which was floundering at the time), her fashion choice was widely reported in newspapers and magazines and was soon influencing domestic as well as international wedding trends. Initially embraced by wealthier brides, the trend of a white wedding gown eventually spread across all economic levels and was cemented as “tradition” in the 20th century.与今天不同的是,尽管不像我们现在有那么多不同的媒体,当年的皇家婚礼得到了大量的报道,所以容易引领潮流。维多利亚女王和阿尔伯特王子的婚礼也不例外。因此,当维多利亚选择穿白色礼裙时(据说是为了展示当时正处于困境的英国花边行业所生产的精致的霍尼顿花边),她的时尚选择被报纸和杂志广泛报道,并很快影响了国内和国际的婚礼潮流。最初只有较富裕的新娘选择的白色婚纱,后来成为所有经济阶层的新娘喜爱的礼服,并在20世纪固定下来成为了 “传统”。【Vocabulary】1. purity n. 纯洁2. practicality n. 实用性3. yonder adj. 那边的;那时的4. coverage n. 新闻报道5. albeit conj. 尽管6. nuptial n. (常作复数nuptials)婚礼7. flounder v. 困难重重;(在泥中)挣扎8. cement v. 加强;巩固(关系)(封面图片来源于摄图网,版权归摄图网所有)

双语阅读 | 如何停止打鼾?

How Can I Stop Snoring?如何停止打鼾?何雅蕙 供稿Snoringhappens when the muscles in the tongue, roof of your mouth and throat relax and constrict airflow. “You can’t get a full breath of air, so things startvibratingas they try to allow you to breathe — and the vibration is the snoring sound,” said Dr. Kent Smith, a sleep dentist in Dallas and former president of the American Sleep and Breathing Academy.当人们舌头、口腔顶部和喉咙的肌肉松弛时,它们会阻塞气道,导致人们打鼾。来自达拉斯的睡眠牙医、美国睡眠和呼吸学会前主席肯特·史密斯博士说:“当你不能呼入足够的空气时,你的肌肉组织会开始振动,以让你正常呼吸。而这个振动的过程就是鼾声的来源。”Men are about twice as likely to snore as women are, and it can be caused by a number of things, including allergies, aging, a cold or even just thedistinctiveshape of your throat. Your weight may also play a role.男性打鼾的可能性大约是女性的两倍。打鼾有很多诱因,包括过敏、衰老、感冒,甚至只是因为你的喉咙形状独特。同时,体重也有一定的影响。Once you know you are a snorer, even a subtle one, it might be worthwhile to get a sleep test from a sleep clinic, Dr. Smith said. Most of the time, the first one can be done at home in one night and will tell you if your snoring is a symptom of a larger problem, likesleep apnea, based on how many times per hour it interrupts your sleep. Whether or not your occasional wood sawing is tied to wider problems, there are steps you can take to lower the night noise.史密斯博士说,一旦你发现自己打鼾,即使不严重,也应该去睡眠科做一个睡眠测试。大多数情况下,第一次测试可以在家里用一晚上的时间完成。该测试会记录每小时打鼾干扰你睡眠的次数,然后可以诊断出打鼾是否表明你的身体其实有更严重的问题,比如睡眠呼吸暂停综合征。无论你那锯木头一样震耳欲聋的鼾声是否指示出身体有恙,以下这些缓解打鼾的招数都值得你参考。Sleep on your side.侧睡About half of snorers with sleep apnea in one Israeli study were found to stop when they changed positions. There are pillows available to help you sleep on your side and shirts that make it uncomfortable to roll on your back. For the D.I.Y.-types, you can trysewingsome tennis balls onto the back of your night shirt.以色列的一项研究发现,约有一半患有睡眠呼吸暂停综合征的打鼾者在改变睡眠姿势后会停止打鼾。专门设计的枕头可以帮助你维持侧身睡眠,还有特制的睡衣可以使你仰面朝天睡觉的时候感到不舒服。让你自己尝试的话,可以试试看把几个网球缝在睡衣的背面,能达到相似的效果。Strengthen your tongue.锻炼你的舌头One of the most common causes of snoring is when your tongue slides back in your throat. The simplest way to prevent this is with a daily set of tongue exercises. But doctors said it can take weeks to have an effect and most people are notdiligentin keeping them up.打鼾的一个最常见的原因是你的舌头滑向喉咙。预防这种情况的最简单方法是每天做一套舌头练习。但医生说,这可能需要几周时间才能见效,而且大多数人都做不到持之以恒。Weight loss.减肥Another way for some people to decrease snoring is to lose weight. Body Mass Index (BMI) is reliably connected to snoring and sleep apnea, doctors said, though every throat is different. Losing weight will decrease the pressure on yourwindpipeand allow more air to pass.还有一个缓解打鼾的方法便是减肥。医生表示,尽管每个人的喉咙都不尽相同,但身体质量指数与打鼾和睡眠呼吸暂停综合征有着密切的联系。减肥可以减少气管承受的压力,能让更多空气通过气管。There are also a wide range of “anti-snoring” devices available to buy online, most totally worthless. Chin straps, nose clips and strips, nostril dilators — be wary of them, doctors said, they don’t work for everyone. Ahumidifiermight help you sleep better by moisturizing your nose and throat, but it probably can’t stop you from snoring.网上也可以买到各式各样的“防打鼾”器具,但大多数完全无效。防打鼾产品包括下巴带、鼻夹和鼻带、鼻孔扩张器等,但医生建议大家谨慎购买,因为它们并不是对每个人都有效。加湿器或许可以通过湿润鼻腔和咽喉改善睡眠,但它无法防止你打鼾。【VOCABULARY】1.snorev.打鼾,打呼噜2.vibratev.振动3.distinctiveadj.独特的4.sleep apnea睡眠呼吸暂停综合征5.sewv.缝制,缝上6.diligentadj.勤奋的7.windpipen.气管8.humidifiern.加湿器(封面图片来源于摄图网,版权归摄图网所有)

双语阅读 | 为什么洗澡时常常会灵感乍现?

Why Do We Have Great Ideas in the Shower?为什么洗澡时常常会灵感乍现?曹艺凡 供稿Alice Flaherty, one of the most renowned neuroscientists researching creativity has an answer for us when it comes to why you get your best ideas in the shower. An ingredient that's very important for us to be creative is dopamine: The more dopamine that is released, the more creative we are.人为什么总在洗澡的时候灵感爆发?创造力研究领域最著名的神经科学家之一,爱丽丝·弗拉赫蒂为我们提供了答案。产生创造力的其中一个至关重要的因素是多巴胺。释放的多巴胺越多,我们就越有创造力。Typical triggers for events, that make us feel great and relaxed and therefore give us an increased dopamine flow are taking a warm shower, exercising, driving home, etc. The chances of having great ideas then are a lot higher.常见的令人感觉舒适、放松,从而促进多巴胺分泌的活动,包括洗个热水澡,锻炼身体,开车回家等等,在这些时刻,灵感乍现的几率会高很多。Especially if you have thought long and hard all day about a problem, jumping into the shower can turn into what scientist call the "incubation period" for your ideas. The subconscious mind has been working extremely hard to solve the problems you face and now that you let your mind wander, it can surface and plant those ideas into your conscious mind.特别是如果你已经为一个问题绞尽脑汁想了一整天,走进淋浴间的瞬间就是科学家所说的进入了想法的“孵化期”。潜意识里你一直在非常努力地解决面临的问题,而你现在洗澡的过程就是放松思维,让灵感浮出水面、进入到你的意识里的过程。Lastly, after you have received an influx in dopamine, can be easily distracted by an extremely habitual task like showering or cooking, a relaxed state of mind is absolutely important to be creative.最后,多巴胺水平上升后,你会很容易被习惯性的事件分散注意力,如洗澡或做饭。放松的心态对创意是至关重要的。Why is a relaxed state of mind so important for creative insights? When our minds are at ease, we're more likely to direct the spotlight of attention inward, toward that stream of remote associations emanating from the right hemisphere. In contrast, when we are diligently focused, our attention tends to be directed outward, toward the details of the problems we're trying to solve. While this pattern of attention is necessary when solving problems analytically, it actually prevents us from detecting the connections that lead to insights.为什么放松的精神状态对创造力的产生如此重要?当我们的思想处于轻松状态时,我们更有可能将注意力的焦点转向内部,转向从右脑远程发出的联想流。相比之下,当我们努力想集中注意力时,我们的注意力往往是向外的,转向我们试图解决的问题的细节。虽然这种注意力模式在分析性地解决问题时是必要的,但它实际上阻碍了我们去发现产生灵感的联想。That’s why so many insights happen during warm showers. For many people, it’s the most relaxing part of the day. It’s not until we’re being massaged by warm water, unable to check our e-mail, that we’re finally able to hear the quiet voices in the backs of our heads telling us about the insight. The answers have been their all along, we just weren’t listening.这就是为什么灵感乍现常发生在洗澡时。对许多人来说,这是一天中最放松的时刻。直到我们被温暖包围,不再想着查收电子邮件,我们才能够听到我们脑海中安静的声音,向我们诉说灵感。答案一直都在,只是我们没有在听。【Vocabulary】1.dopamine n. 多巴胺2.incubation n. 孵化3.influx n. (人、资金或事物的)涌入4.emanate v. 表现;散发5.hemisphere n. (球体的、地球的、大脑的)半球(封面图片来源于摄图网,版权归摄图网所有)

练习 | 澳大利亚推翻对德约科维奇禁令

澳大利亚推翻对德约科维奇禁令Australia Overturned A Ban on Djokovic刘立军 供稿TRANSCRIPTAn alliance of more than 30 media organizations from around the world have published a joint editorial calling for a windfall tax on the biggest fossil fuel companies. It suggests the funds raised by the tax be used to help vulnerable countries cope with the worst impacts of climate change.The family of the Palestinian American journalist Shireen Abu Akleh say they're encouraged by reports that the FBI has opened an investigation into her killing. The Al Jazeera correspondent was shot in the head during an Israeli raid in the occupied West Bank in May. Tom Bateman is in Jerusalem.An independent criminal investigation by the US into Shireen Abu Akleh's killing has been a central demand of her family. Responding to reports, the FBI has opened an inquiry. They said they were encouraged that the Americans were doing what they should when a citizen was killed by a foreign military and called for the inquiry to follow the evidence up and down the chain of command.Israel's outgoing defense minister Benny Gantz described the US decision as a serious mistake, adding that Israel would not cooperate and wouldn't allow interference into its internal affairs in a case likely to create further tension between Israel's incoming government and a Biden administration.The former head of football's world governing body Sepp Blatter has said that Qatar's human rights record was not discussed during the World Cup bidding process. There has been international concern about Qatar's treatment of migrant workers and gay people.Novak Djokovic will be able to play in January's Australian Open after the immigration minister overturned a ban on the tennis star's entry because of his unvaccinated status. Australian media are reporting he's now been granted a visa. In January, the Serb was deported from Australia before this year's Grand Slam Tournament. And the former world number one was originally barred from the country until 2025.VOCABULARY1. alliance n. a group of people, political parties, etc. who work together in order to achieve sth. that they all want 结盟团体;联盟2. editorial n. (British English also leader, leading article) an important article in a newspaper, that expresses the editor's opinion about an item of news or an issue; in the US also a comment on radio or television that expresses the opinion of the station or network (报刊的)社论;(美国电台或电视台的)评论3. windfall tax: 意外收入税4. vulnerable adj. weak and easily hurt physically or emotionally (身体上或感情上)脆弱的,易受……伤害的。例如:The sudden resignation of the financial director put the company in a very vulnerable position. 财务部主任的突然辞职使得这家公司岌岌可危。5. cope with: to deal successfully with sth. difficult (成功地)对付,处理6. raid n. a short surprise attack on an enemy by soldiers, ships or aircraft 突然袭击。例如:They carried out a bombing raid on enemy bases. 他们突然出击,轰炸了敌军的基地。7. Australian Open:澳大利亚网球公开赛8. bar v. to ban or prevent sb. from doing sth. 禁止,阻止(某人做某事)。例如:The players are barred from drinking alcohol the night before a match. 运动员在参赛前夜不得喝酒。QUESTIONSRead the passage. Then listen to the news and fill in the blanks with the information (words, phrases or sentences) you hear.An alliance of more than 30 media organizations from around the world have published a joint (Q1) ___________ calling for a windfall tax on the biggest fossil fuel companies. It suggests the funds raised by the tax be used to help vulnerable countries cope with the worst impacts of (Q2) _____________.The family of the Palestinian American journalist Shireen Abu Akleh say they're encouraged by reports that the FBI has opened an (Q3) ___________________ into her killing. The Al Jazeera correspondent was shot in the head during an Israeli raid in the occupied West Bank in May. Tom Bateman is in Jerusalem.An independent criminal investigation by the US into Shireen Abu Akleh's killing has been a central demand of her family. Responding to reports, the FBI has opened an (Q4) _________. They said they were encouraged that the Americans were doing what they should when a citizen was killed by a foreign military and called for the inquiry to follow the evidence up and down the chain of command.Israel's outgoing defense minister Benny Gantz described the US decision as a serious mistake, adding that Israel would not cooperate and wouldn't allow (Q5) ______________ into its internal affairs in a case likely to create further (Q6) _________________ between Israel's incoming government and a Biden administration.The former head of football's world governing body Sepp Blatter has said that Qatar's (Q7) _____________ record was not discussed during the World Cup bidding process. There has been international concern about Qatar's treatment of (Q8) _____________________ and gay people.Novak Djokovic will be able to play in January's Australian Open after the immigration minister overturned a (Q9) _______________ on the tennis star's entry because of his (Q10) ______________ status. Australian media are reporting he's now been granted a visa. In January, the Serb was deported from Australia before this year's Grand Slam Tournament. And the former world number one was originally barred from the country until 2025.KEYRead the passage. Then listen to the news and fill in the blanks with the information (words, phrases or sentences) you hear.An alliance of more than 30 media organizations from around the world have published a joint (Q1) editorial calling for a windfall tax on the biggest fossil fuel companies. It suggests the funds raised by the tax be used to help vulnerable countries cope with the worst impacts of (Q2) climate change.The family of the Palestinian American journalist Shireen Abu Akleh say they're encouraged by reports that the FBI has opened an (Q3) investigation into her killing. The Al Jazeera correspondent was shot in the head during an Israeli raid in the occupied West Bank in May. Tom Bateman is in Jerusalem.An independent criminal investigation by the US into Shireen Abu Akleh's killing has been a central demand of her family. Responding to reports, the FBI has opened an (Q4) inquiry. They said they were encouraged that the Americans were doing what they should when a citizen was killed by a foreign military and called for the inquiry to follow the evidence up and down the chain of command.Israel's outgoing defense minister Benny Gantz described the US decision as a serious mistake, adding that Israel would not cooperate and wouldn't allow (Q5) interference into its internal affairs in a case likely to create further (Q6) tension between Israel's incoming government and a Biden administration.The former head of football's world governing body Sepp Blatter has said that Qatar's (Q7) human rights record was not discussed during the World Cup bidding process. There has been international concern about Qatar's treatment of (Q8) migrant workers and gay people.Novak Djokovic will be able to play in January's Australian Open after the immigration minister overturned a (Q9) ban on the tennis star's entry because of his (Q10) unvaccinated status. Australian media are reporting he's now been granted a visa. In January, the Serb was deported from Australia before this year's Grand Slam Tournament. And the former world number one was originally barred from the country until 2025.(封面图片来源于摄图网,版权归摄图网所有)

练习 | 最早的烹饪证据

最早的烹饪证据Study Finds Earliest Evidence of Cooking刘立军 供稿TRANSCRIPTA recent study found what could be the earliest known evidence of ancient cooking: the leftovers of a fish dinner from 780,000 years ago.Cooking helped change our ancestors. It helped fuel our evolution and gave us bigger brains. Later, cooking would become central to the eating celebrations that brought communities together.The new study, published in Nature Ecology and Evolution, is based on material from Gesher Benot Ya'aqov in Israel - a watery place near an ancient lake.Ancient objects from the area suggest it was home to a community of Homo erectus, a kind of early human that walked upright, explained study lead writer Irit Zohar of Tel Aviv University.Naama Goren-Inbar of the Hebrew University of Jerusalem led the research digs. She said researchers found fish remains, especially teeth. Many of the teeth were from two different kinds of fish known as carp.The remains were found near places where researchers also found signs of fire. Testing showed the teeth had been exposed to temperatures that were hot, but not super-hot. This suggests the fish were cooked low and slow, rather than being put right onto a fire, Zohar explained.With all the evidence together, researchers concluded that these ancient human relatives had used fire for cooking some 780,000 years ago. That is much earlier than the next oldest evidence for cooking, about 170,000 years ago, which showed Stone Age humans ate cooked roots in South Africa.Cooking might have started even earlierThe researchers - like many other experts - believe cooking started long before this, though physical evidence has been hard to find."I am sure that in the near future an earlier case will be reported," study writer Israel Hershkovitz of Tel Aviv University said in an email.That is in part because using fire for cooking was an important step in human evolution.Cooking food makes it easier for the body to digest and get nutrients, explained David Braun of George Washington University. Braun was not involved with the study. When early humans figured out how to cook, they were able to get more energy, which they could use to fuel bigger brains.Based on how human ancestors' brains and bodies developed, scientists estimate that cooking skills appeared nearly 2 million years ago."If we're out there eating raw items, it is very difficult to make it as a large-bodied primate," Braun said.Those first cooked meals were far different from today's food. And in the many, many years in between, humans started not just eating for fuel, but for community.Cooking food to build communityIn a 2010 study, led by Natalie Munro of the University of Connecticut, researchers described the earliest evidence of a feast. The feast was a specially prepared meal that brought people together for an event 12,000 years ago in a cave in Israel.The cave, which served as a burial place, included the remains of one special woman who seemed to be a religious leader for her community, Munro said.This "first feast" came at an important turning point in human history, right as hunter-gatherers were starting to settle into more permanent living situations, Munro said. Gathering for special meals may have been a way to build community and reduce tensions now that people lived closer to each other, she said.Munro said she believes ancient feasts served a lot of the same social uses that modern gatherings serve: People exchange information, make connections, or try to improve their position."This is something that's just quintessentially human," Munro said. "And to see the first evidence of it is exciting."I'm John Russell.VOCABULARY1. leftover n. food that has not been eaten at the end of a meal 吃剩的食物;残羹剩饭2. erectus n. 直立人3. digs n. (old-fashioned, informal) a room or rooms that you rent to live in 租住的住所;住处4. carp n. a large freshwater fish that is used for food 鲤鱼5. primate n. any animal that belongs to the group of mammals that includes humans, apes and monkeys 灵长类;灵长目动物6. quintessentially adv. 典型地,标准地QUESTIONSRead the statements. Then listen to the news and decide whether the statements are true (T) or false (F). Then correct the false statements. 1. According to a recent study, the leftovers of a fish dinner from 780,000 years ago might be the earliest known evidence of ancient fishing.2. Cooking could give us bigger brains. 3. The community of Homo erectus is a kind of early human that walked upright.4. The Stone Age humans ate cooked roots in South America is the next oldest evidence for cooking, which is about 170,000 years ago.5. Cooking food makes it easier for the human body to digest and get nutrients. 6. Based on how human ancestors' brains and bodies developed, scientists estimate that cooking skills appeared nearly 2 million years ago.7. The earliest evidence of a feast was a specially prepared meal that brought people together for an event 12,000 years ago in a market in Israel.8. Munro believes ancient feasts served a lot of the same social uses that modern gatherings serve: People exchange information, make friends, or try to improve their position.KEY Read the statements. Then listen to the news and decide whether the statements are true (T) or false (F). Then correct the false statements.(F) 1. According to a recent study, the leftovers of a fish dinner from 780,000 years ago might be the earliest known evidence of ancient fishing.(正确表达)According to a recent study, the leftovers of a fish dinner from 780,000 years ago might be the earliest known evidence of ancient cooking.(T) 2. Cooking could give us bigger brains. (T) 3. The community of Homo erectus is a kind of early human that walked upright.(F) 4. The Stone Age humans ate cooked roots in South America is the next oldest evidence for cooking, which is about 170,000 years ago.(正确表达)The Stone Age humans ate cooked roots in South Africa is the next oldest evidence for cooking, which is about 170,000 years ago.(T) 5. Cooking food makes it easier for the human body to digest and get nutrients. (T) 6. Based on how human ancestors' brains and bodies developed, scientists estimate that cooking skills appeared nearly 2 million years ago.(F) 7. The earliest evidence of a feast was a specially prepared meal that brought people together for an event 12,000 years ago in a market in Israel.(正确表达)The earliest evidence of a feast was a specially prepared meal that brought people together for an event 12,000 years ago in a cave in Israel.(F) 8. Munro believes ancient feasts served a lot of the same social uses that modern gatherings serve: People exchange information, make friends, or try to improve their position.(正确表达)Munro believes ancient feasts served a lot of the same social uses that modern gatherings serve: People exchange information, make connections, or try to improve their position.

练习 | 印尼地震造成多人死亡

印尼地震造成多人死亡An Earthquake Struck Indonesia and Inflicted Heavy Casualties刘立军 供稿TRANSCRIPTInjured people were brought to hospitals Monday following an earthquake in Indonesia which toppled buildings and walls. A strong, shallow quake on Indonesia’s densely populated main island killed at least 162 people and injured hundreds of others as residents fled into the streets, some covered in blood and debris. The toll is expected to rise further, but no estimates were immediately available because of the area’s far-flung, rural population.Ukrainian authorities are evacuating civilians from liberated areas in the southern Kherson and Mykolaiv regions. They fear that infrastructure damage is too severe for people to endure the winter without power, heat and water. The World Health Organization warned that millions in Ukraine face a, quote unquote, “life-threatening winter.”VOCABULARY1. topple v. to become unsteady and fall down; to make sth. do this (使)失去平衡而坠落,倒塌,倒下2. debris n. pieces of wood, metal, brick, etc. that are left after sth. has been destroyed 残骸;碎片;破片3. toll n. the amount of damage or the number of deaths and injuries that are caused in a particular war, disaster, etc. (战争、灾难等造成的)毁坏;伤亡人数4. evacuate v. to move people from a place of danger to a safer place (把人从危险的地方)疏散,转移,撤离QUESTIONSRead the passage. Then listen to the news and fill in the blanks with the information (words, phrases or sentences) you hear.Injured people were brought to hospitals Monday following an (Q1) _______________ in Indonesia which toppled buildings and walls. A strong, shallow quake on Indonesia’s (Q2) ____________ populated main island killed at least 162 people and injured hundreds of others as (Q3) _________ fled into the streets, some covered in blood and debris. The (Q4) ________is expected to rise further, but no (Q5) __________ were immediately available because of the area’s far-flung, (Q6) _____ population.Ukrainian authorities are evacuating (Q7) _____________ from liberated areas in the southern Kherson and Mykolaiv regions. They fear that (Q8) _________________ is too severe for people to (Q9) ____________ the winter without (Q10) _____________________________. The World Health Organization warned that millions in Ukraine face a, quote unquote, “life-threatening winter.”KEYRead the passage. Then listen to the news and fill in the blanks with the information (words, phrases or sentences) you hear.Injured people were brought to hospitals Monday following an (Q1) earthquake in Indonesia which toppled buildings and walls. A strong, shallow quake on Indonesia’s (Q2) densely populated main island killed at least 162 people and injured hundreds of others as (Q3) residents fled into the streets, some covered in blood and debris. The (Q4) toll is expected to rise further, but no (Q5) estimates were immediately available because of the area’s far-flung, (Q6) rural population.Ukrainian authorities are evacuating (Q7) civilians from liberated areas in the southern Kherson and Mykolaiv regions. They fear that (Q8) infrastructure damage is too severe for people to (Q9) endure the winter without (Q10) power, heat and water. The World Health Organization warned that millions in Ukraine face a, quote unquote, “life-threatening winter.”(封面图片来源于摄图网,版权归摄图网所有)

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