新闻听力 | 人工智能意味着音乐的消亡还是更多的创造力

Will AI Mean Death of Music or More Creativity?慢速/CET-4偏难/451词/4min2s刘立军 供稿Part I. QUESTIONSListen to the news and choose the best answer to each question you hear.Q1. What is the main purpose of the research being conducted at Queen Mary University of London?A. To create a documentary on music history.B. To understand the ethical concerns of AI in music.C. To develop new virtual worlds of music using AI tools.D. To compete with traditional methods of music production.Q2. What kind of technology does the instrument called Netz use?A. Virtual reality.B. Augmented reality.C. Analog synthesis.D. Acoustic engineering.Q3. How can the HITar generate additional sounds?A. By using strings from different musical instruments.B. Through normal guitar playing techniques.C. By amplifying the soundwaves in the environment.D. With built-in AI sensors that respond to human movements.Q4. Which musician expressed a concern about the potential overuse of AI in music?A. Amy Love.B. John Lennon.C. Yungblud.D. Edith Piaf.Q5. Based on the text, what can be inferred about Warner Music’s partnership with the estate of Edith Piaf?A. It aims to produce an album of unreleased songs.B. It is focused on digital remastering of old tracks.C. It involves re-creating her voice using AI for new projects.D. It seeks to produce a biographical film about her life.Q6. What issue is associated with AI’s place in the music production chain according to Mathieu Barthet?A. The need for advanced equipment.B. The requirement for appropriate guidance and rules.C. The lack of interest from musicians.D. The difficulty in producing original content.Part II. TRANSCRIPTWill AI Mean Death of Music or More Creativity?Inside a recording room at Queen Mary University of London, several researchers are working with new artificial intelligence (AI) tools. (Q1) Their aim is to develop what they call the “new virtual worlds” of music. intelligence n. 智力;才智;智慧Andrea Martonelli and Max Graf are among more than 30 doctoral students working with Mathieu Barthet, a senior lecturer in Digital Media. They are exploring the possibilities of computational creativity and generative AI. Generative AI is a term that describes technology tools designed to operate at human levels. Together, the researchers have set up a futuristic studio where music meets cutting-edge technology. doctoral adj. 博士的;博士学位的Graf showed off a virtual instrument to reporters with the Reuters news agency. Graf calls the instrument Netz. (Q2) Netz is played through an augmented-reality headset. Augmented-reality equipment combines the real world with computer-created content. The device Graf uses follows body movements to create musical sounds like notes and chords. (Q3) Martonelli played a HITar, a guitar with AI sensors added to it. The sensors can read his movements to create percussive, or drum-like sounds. These sounds cannot be made with a normal guitar.chord n. 和弦;和音sensor n. 传感器percussive adj. 打击声的;打击乐器声的AI can be found in music-making, dating back to the 1950s. But recent progress in generative AI has led to divided opinions on the technology. Generative AI grew in popularity last year thanks to the ChatGPT language system. Generative AI can create new sounds, words for music or entire songs on its own. But artists usually use simpler AI to add to their sound. British musician Yungblud said he believes AI can help his music go “to another direction.” Other musicians worry that the technology could go too far. (Q4) Amy Love plays in the English rock group Nova Twins. She said she is not in favor of music that includes artificially generated voices of actual artists. She said she feels the same way about using dead artists’ voices in songs. In November, the Beatles released the song “Now and Then.” It is considered the group’s last song and includes the voice of Beatles musician John Lennon, who died in 1980. Lennon’s voice sounds were taken from an old recording and re-created with AI. (Q5) New York City-based entertainment company Warner Music said in November it was partnering with the estate of the late French singer Edith Piaf to re-create her voice using AI.Many experts say AI raises legal and ethical concerns. But guidelines on generative AI are still only in their early stage. (Q6) Barthet said, “I think AI can have its place in the music production chain.” But he added that is only possible if the technology is guided in the right way and if there are rules in place to make sure that musicians keep some amount of control. ethical adj. (有关)道德的;伦理的I’m Jill Robbins.Part III. KEYQ1. C.主旨题。文章中提到:“Their aim is to develop what they call the ‘new virtual worlds’ of music.”意为:“他们的目标是使用人工智能工具开发他们所说的音乐的‘虚拟新世界’。”因此答案为C。 Q2. B.细节题。文章中提到:“Netz is played through an augmented-reality headset.”意为:“Netz通过增强现实头戴式设备来演奏。”根据此句,可以确定名为Netz的乐器使用的是增强现实技术。因此答案为B。Q3. D.细节题。文章中提到:“Martonelli played a HITar, a guitar with AI sensors added to it. The sensors can read his movements to create percussive, or drum-like sounds.”意为:“马托内利演奏带有人工智能传感器的HITar,这些传感器可以读取他的动作,从而制造打击乐或鼓声。”根据此句,可以确定HITar通过内置的AI传感器读取动作来产生声音。因此答案为D。Q4. A.细节题。文章中提到:“Amy Love plays in the English rock group Nova Twins. She said she is not in favor of music that includes artificially generated voices of actual artists.”意为:“艾米·洛夫是英国摇滚乐队诺Nova Twins中的一员。她说她不赞成在音乐中加入对艺术家的真实演唱进行人工合成后获得的声音。”根据此句,可以确定艾米·洛夫对AI在音乐中潜在的过度使用问题表示了担忧。因此答案为A。Q5. C.推理题。文章中提到:“Warner Music said in November it was partnering with the estate of the late French singer Edith Piaf to re-create her voice using AI.”意为:“华纳音乐公司在11月份表示,它正在与已故法国歌手Edith Piaf的遗产管理处合作,使用人工智能重新创造她的声音。”因此答案为C。Q6. B.细节题。文章中提到:“Barthet said, ‘I think AI can have its place in the music production chain.’ But he added that is only possible if the technology is guided in the right way and if there are rules in place to make sure that musicians keep some amount of control.”意为:“巴特说:‘我认为AI可以在音乐生产链中占有一席之地。’但他补充说,只有当技术得到正确引导并且有规章确保音乐人能对AI的参与保持一定程度的控制时,这才有可能发生。”根据此句,可以确定巴特提到AI在音乐生产链中的地位与需要适当指导和规章有关。因此答案为B。(本文图片来自摄图网,版权归摄图网所有。)

教学素材 | “谢帝谢帝,我要迪士尼”的梗和英文有关系吗?

“谢帝谢帝,我要迪士尼”的梗和英文有关系吗?不知大家前些日子是否留意到,网络上刮起了一股名为“谢帝谢帝我要diss你”的旋风,连带着“成都迪士尼”也成为了热门打卡圣地。这场潮流如同一场盛大的网络派对,充满了趣味与惊喜。那这个热梗到底是什么意思呢?又怎么和成都以及迪士尼扯上了关系?今天,我们就一起来揭秘这个热梗的起源以及它带来的影响,还能借机学习一波相关的英语表达哦!一场妙趣横生的空耳之旅这一切源于一位说唱界的草根歌手“诺米么Lodmemo”。在一场说唱海选中,评委谢帝不仅误将诺米写给爷爷的歌《阿普的思念》说成“写给奶奶的歌”,还评价他说,“把说唱当成一个兴趣就好”。诺米因此非常受伤,决定写一首歌来表明自己的态度,于是创作了歌曲《谢天谢帝》来向评委谢帝“宣战”。 《谢天谢帝》歌曲MV其中那句“谢帝谢帝我要diss你”在副歌部分反复吟唱,宛如魔咒一般。没想到,网友们的耳朵却在此时展现了惊人的创造力,将这句歌词转化为“谢帝谢帝我要迪士尼”。这一奇妙的空耳现象如同魔法般点燃了网络,而诺米MV中的拍摄地——成都玉林七巷的一处健身器材场地,则摇身一变,成为了“成都迪士尼”的象征,引来无数人争相打卡。小红书打卡分享从热梗走进英语世界“我要diss你”中的“diss”从何而来?百度百科的解释是,“diss”是disrespect(不尊重)或disparage(轻视)的缩写,意指对他人表现出看不惯、轻视或鄙视的态度。在前面提到的热梗中,诺米用它来表达对谢帝的不满。 那有没有其他地道的英语表达可以表示类似diss 的含义呢?经小WE一查,还真不少:1. look down on 蔑视,瞧不起She always looks down on her colleagues who didn’t attend university. 她总是看不起那些没有上过大学的同事。2. disdain v. 鄙视,蔑视He disdained his opponent’s lack of experience. 他对对手的经验不足表示轻视。3. sneer at 嘲笑,蔑视She sneered at his attempt to join the conversation. 她对他试图加入谈话嗤之以鼻。4. scorn v. 轻蔑,鄙视 He scorned his rival’s attempts to imitate him. 他对竞争对手尝试模仿他表示蔑视。 大家学到了吗?回到这条热梗引发的人们纷纷前往“成都迪士尼”打卡的现象。我们再来拓展一下,“打卡”用英语怎么说?1. check in at a trendy spot check in是一种常用的表达,常用于表示到达某个地方并在社交媒体上记录自己的存在。而trendy spot指的是当下流行的、备受关注的地点。They love checking in at trendy spots around the city, sharing photos of their visits on Instagram.他们喜欢在城市里的热门地点打卡,将自己的打卡照片分享到Instagram上。2. visit a hotspothotspot可以指“活动多的地方;热闹的娱乐场所”,在此指网红打卡点。Let’s visit that new rooftop bar; it’s been a hotspot for celebrities lately.我们去那家新开的天台酒吧吧,最近成了名人们经常光顾的网红地。3. hit up a trendy spothit up的含义比较多样,在此指“拜访,参观”,还可以指“与某人联络”或者“向某人乞求”。We should hit up that trendy street market this weekend; I heard they have amazing food stalls.这周末我们应该去逛逛那个时髦的街头市场;听说他们有很棒的食品摊位。 这场由“谢帝谢帝我要diss你”引发的热梗狂潮,让我们见证了网络文化的强大影响力,也体验到了集体情绪释放的奇妙力量。而爆火之后的诺米,在最近的采访中也表示,对于参加节目被谢帝淘汰,他理解谢帝当时的状态,“选手太多了,他可能很累了,他并没有刻意针对我”。在诺米的情绪归于平静之时,也希望大家保持理性,对于“diss你”之类的小情绪,可以适当发泄,但不要长久怀怒哦。*本文图片来源于网络,仅供学习交流使用,侵删。

教学素材 | 当爱变得坎坷

When love isn’t easy当爱变得坎坷词汇:考研| 句法:四级 | 文本:考研刘立军 供稿Once again, the night finds you awake, wrestling with the complexities of love. Dinner brought another debate. You attempted to explain your reactions and behaviors in the relationship, but were met with your partner’s growing frustration over their own grievances. 夜幕再次降临,你却依旧清醒,内心纠缠于爱情的纷繁纠葛之中。晚餐时分,一场辩论再度上演。你试图解释自己在这段感情中的反应与行为,然而却遭遇伴侣自身不满情绪的日益加剧。grievance n. 委屈;抱怨;牢骚Both of you made commendable efforts to communicate calmly and kindly. After a long two-hour dialogue, you separated on an almost tender note, retreating to separate rooms. 为了能够以平静且善意的态度进行沟通,你们双方都做出了值得称许的努力。经过长达两个小时的对话,你们在一种几近温柔的氛围中暂别,回到了各自的房间。Yet here you are at 3a.m., listening to the rain and plagued by doubts. You question what mistakes you’re making in love. Are you and this genuinely good person meant to be together? Why does it have to be so challenging?然而,此刻已是凌晨三点。你独坐聆听雨声,心中却被疑虑所困扰。你反思自己在爱情中究竟犯下了何种错误。你与这位真诚善良之人是否真的注定携手一生?为何这段感情必须如此艰难?The thought of leaving crosses your mind, imagining new relationships, but that thought quickly sours at the prospect of starting anew. You’d miss your partner and the memories and hope you once shared. But the path forward is unclear, and you wish for someone wise and kind to offer guidance. 离别的念头闪过脑海,你想象着新的恋情,然而一想到要重新开始,这念头便迅速变得苦涩。你会怀念你的伴侣,怀念你们曾经共有的美好回忆与期望。然而,前方的道路迷雾重重,你多么渴望有一位智者能给予你温柔的指引。However, you realize that more than answers, you seek understanding; someone to acknowledge the struggle of not having a clear solution, simply saying, ‘I know, I know…’ 然而你意识到,比起答案本身,你更渴望得到理解;你期盼有人能感同身受那种找不到明确的解决之道时的挣扎,只是说:“我懂,我懂……”。Sometimes solutions aren’t what we need. We crave validation and empathy for our dilemmas. It’s comforting to know we’re not foolish for facing these issues, that we’re not alone, and that perhaps this challenge is just one of life’s constants. 有时,我们需要的并非解决方案。我们渴望他人对我们所处困境的认可与共鸣。如果能知道我们在面对这些问题时并不愚蠢,知道自己并不孤单,知道这种挑战不过是生活中不可避免的一部分,这样会让人感到宽慰。empathy n. 同感;共鸣;同情A dose of sobering philosophy might help, acknowledging that life is inherently tough, existence is messy, and love can seem an insurmountable task because we’re all only human. 此时,一剂清醒的哲学观或许会对我们有所帮助:承认生活本就艰难,存在本身就是混乱的,而爱情这一关似乎难以逾越,只因我们皆为凡人。insurmountable adj. 无法克服的;难以解决的;不可逾越的Ideally, you wanted to resolve this flawlessly, as you would any problem at work or at home. But matters of the heart are not like organizing a cupboard or balancing finances. 理想情况下,你希望能像处理工作中或家里的问题那样完美地处理这段感情。然而,感情之事并非如整理衣柜或平衡财务那般简单。Very few people have this aspect of life figured out — probably less than 1%. Yes, you’ve stumbled, but you’re not exceptionally deficient for it. You’re typically flawed, typically unsettled, embarking on a journey that is exceptionally, extraordinarily difficult. 很少有人能真正参透人生的这一面——也许不足百分之一。没错,你已经跌跌撞撞,但你并不那么差劲。你只是普通人,有着平凡的缺陷,你正踏上的是一条异常艰难的人生旅途。It’s hard for you, and indeed, for everyone. 这对你来说很难,实际上,对每个人也是如此。 (本文图片来源于摄图网,版权归摄图网所有)

新闻听力 | 讨人喜欢的10个迹象

讨人喜欢的10个迹象10 Signs You’re More Likeable Than You Realize TEM-4听力语速/六级(CET-6)偏易/1129词/7分30秒刘立军 供稿Part I. QUESTIONSListen to the passage and choose the best answer to each question you hear.Q1. What is mentioned as the first sign that you are more likeable than you realize?A. Receiving compliments and positive feedback frequently.B. People actively seeking your company.C. Strangers feeling comfortable approaching and talking to you.D. Laughter often surrounding you.Q2. According to the text, what does it signify when strangers approach and talk to you?A. You have an innate ability to make people feel at ease.B. You are an expert in social dynamics.C. You are always looking for new friends.D. You are a good storyteller.Q3. When people extend small acts of kindness toward you, what does this indicate?A. They expect something in return.B. They see you as someone who needs help.C. They are naturally inclined to be kind to those they truly like.D. They want to impress you with their generosity.Q4. What may be the possible reason if people tend to confide personal information or secrets to you?A. Because they owe you a favor.B. Because they have no one else to talk to.C. Because they want to spread rumors.D. Because they view you as an empathetic and non-judgmental listener.Q5. What type of compliments suggest you are genuinely cherished for who you are on the inside?A. Compliments that reference your character qualities.B. Compliments that focus on your physical appearance.C. Compliments about your professional achievements.D. Compliments on your sense of style.Q6. How does laughter in your presence reflect on your likability?A. It reveals that you are likely a professional comedian.B. It means that you don't take life seriously.C. It shows that you are always telling jokes.D. It indicates that others find you engaging and pleasant to be around.Q7. What can be inferred about a person who often receives suggestions to work together on projects?A. They might be perceived as an authority in their field.B. They may be considered reliable and cooperative by their peers.C. They likely prefer working alone.D. They probably have limited social skills.Q8. What may be the possible reason if others seek out your point of view according to the text?A. They are required to get multiple opinions for decision-making.B. They want to validate their own opinions.C. They respect your character and reputation.D. They are testing your knowledge.Q9. Based on the text, what does spontaneous support from others indicate?A. People care about your well-being and value you.B. Others are interested in your personal affairs.C. You have an obligation to reciprocate their help.D. You are perceived as someone incapable of managing alone.Q10. What is the overall message of the text? A. The importance of being humorous in all interactions. B. The relationship between receiving help from others and your popularity. C. The fact that you are probably more likeable than you expect. D. The need to become more approachable to strangers.Part II. TRANSCRIPT10 Signs You’re More Likeable Than You RealizeYou know those folks who effortlessly attract friends, seamlessly connect with everyone, and leave a trail of positivity wherever they go? Have you ever paused to wonder if you might be one of them? In the whirlwind of daily life, (Q10) it’s easy to overlook the subtle signals whispering that you’re actually more liked than you give yourself credit for. It’s time to turn the spotlight inward and explore the tell-tale signs that suggest you might be one of those genuinely likeable individuals after all!seamlessly adj. (两部分之间)无空隙的,不停顿的whirlwind n. 混乱; 破坏性的力量或事物#1 People Actively Seek Your Company(Q1) If you notice that others actively make an effort to include you and spend time with you, it’s a clear indicator that they find your presence enjoyable. When planning events or meetups, your friends or colleagues ensure you’re available and able to attend, emphasizing that your involvement is integral to the overall enjoyment of the gathering. This attentiveness reflects a profound appreciation for the positive energy and contributions you bring to the group dynamic.attentiveness n. 注意#2 Strangers Feel Comfortable Approaching and Talking to YouIf this is the case, you probably have an innate ability to make people feel acknowledged when you first engage. You likely exude an inviting energy that puts others at ease. (Q2) Something about your demeanor and open body language signals your receptive presence, making people feel comfortable approaching you and initiating conversation. Even a brief exchange of words leaves the other person feeling seen and heard. Overall, your approachability and accessibility reflect your inherent warmth and compassion, inviting people to open up and connect.innate adj. 天生的;先天的;与生俱来的exude v. 感觉或品质)显现demeanor n. 行为,举止,态度receptive adj.(对新观点、建议等)愿意倾听的,乐于接受的#3 Kindness Gravitates Toward YouDo you ever receive small, thoughtful gifts from others just because…? Or maybe you’ve noticed that your co-worker consistently reserves a seat for you at those early morning meetings. (Q3) These thoughtful acts are akin to personal gestures of kindness, indicating that people are naturally inclined to extend such niceties to those they truly like. So, if you frequently find yourself on the receiving end of such considerate acts, see it as a quiet endorsement from the universe, affirming that your likability is shining through.nicety n. 细节;细微的差别#4 People Confide in You with Personal Information or SecretsOne telltale sign that you’re more likable than you realize is that people confide in you and trust you with personal information or secrets. (Q4) Your reputation as an empathetic, non-judgmental listener makes them feel comfortable opening up to you about sensitive topics they might not share with others. When friends are going through tough times, they know they can turn to you for a listening ear without fear of criticism. Your open and accepting nature creates a welcoming atmosphere and encourages them to be vulnerable and honest with their feelings. Even casual acquaintances sense your compassion and find it easy to talk to you about deeper issues.#5 You Frequently Receive Compliments and Positive FeedbackCompliments signify that you’ve made a positive impression on someone. When people take the time to express their appreciation, it reinforces your appeal and value in their eyes. And, the more you receive kind words, the more evidence there is that you are well-liked by those around you. (Q5) Sincere compliments, especially those referencing your character like “you’re so thoughtful” or “you always know how to cheer me up,” are particularly meaningful. These types of compliments are a direct acknowledgment of your inner qualities. If you find yourself regularly on the receiving end of such feedback, it’s a strong sign that you are genuinely cherished for who you are on the inside.#6 Laughter Often Surrounds You(Q6) Laughter is an instinctive response to enjoyment and comfort, and when it frequently accompanies your presence, it indicates a genuine affinity. Your ability to bring about laughter not only reflects a sense of humor but also shows that others find you engaging and pleasant to be around. Even in tense situations, your ability to find humor and share a genuine laugh can cut through awkwardness or discomfort. Your tendency to smile and laugh often puts others at ease, spreads positive energy, and makes social interactions more enjoyable. Inside jokes, in particular, signify a level of intimacy and shared experiences, making your connections stronger and more meaningful.affinity n. 密切的关系#7 People Frequently Suggest Working Together on Projects or ActivitiesReceiving frequent invitations to collaborate with classmates, colleagues, or new acquaintances is quite significant. (Q7) It means peers hold your contributions in high regard and find you to be reliable and pleasant to work with. They recognize your positive traits that would benefit teaming up on projects big and small, whether it’s talent, work ethic, creativity, or the friendly and cooperative spirit you bring to the team. Being sought after for partnerships truly reflects the recognition of the positive dynamic you bring to shared endeavors. People want you to contribute your time and energy alongside them because it enhances the experience for everyone involved.#8 Others Often Ask for Your AdvicePeople ask for advice when they want an honest, thoughtful response from someone they respect. (Q8) The fact that others seek out your point of view reflects well on your character and reputation. It means people not only enjoy your company but also appreciate your intellect. Those who turn to you for guidance likely see you as dependable, insightful, and wise beyond your years. Your advice is valued because it comes from a place of thoughtfulness, empathy, and sincere concern.#9 Your Online Presence Reflects PositivityIn a digital world, your online presence can reveal a great deal about how you are perceived. When your interactions consistently reflect positivity, it signals that your placed trust, rapport, and goodwill have earned you respect and likeability within your social circles. It’s not just about the posts you share or the comments you leave; it’s about creating a vibe that resonates with people. When your content and conversations add value by informing, inspiring, entertaining, or helping others, it creates enjoyable exchanges that make you appreciated.rapport n. 亲善;融洽;和谐vibe n. 感应; 气氛resonate with sb. 使产生联想;引起共鸣#10 You Tend to Receive Spontaneous Support(Q9) When others offer to help you out or lend a hand without you even needing to ask, it’s a clear sign that people genuinely care about your well-being. Whether it’s offering to give you a ride when your car is in the shop or bringing over a home-cooked meal when you’re feeling under the weather, these gestures show that others want to support you when you need it most. Such actions speak volumes about how much you are valued by those around you.Reflecting on the signs we’ve covered, it’s likely that you have many qualities that make you pleasant to be around. Even if you don’t notice it yourself, others do respond positively to your warmth, kindness, dependability, and wisdom. These traits not only attract friends and opportunities but also enrich the lives of those around you.Part III. KEY Q1. B. 细节题。原文提到:"If you notice that others actively make an effort to include you and spend time with you, it’s a clear indicator that they find your presence enjoyable." 意为:“如果你发现其他人活动时积极努力地想带上你与你共度时光,这是一个明确的迹象表明他们发现你的存在令人愉快。”所以正确答案是 B。 Q2. A. 细节题。原文提到:"Something about your demeanor and open body language signals your receptive presence, making people feel comfortable approaching you and initiating conversation." 意为:“你的举止和开放的肢体语言表达了你的接纳态度,让人们觉得接近你很舒服并开始对话。”因此答案是 A。 Q3. C. 细节题。原文提到:"These thoughtful acts are akin to personal gestures of kindness, indicating that people are naturally inclined to extend such niceties to those they truly like." 意为:“这些关切的行为类似于个人的善意姿态,表明人们自然倾向于将这种善意延伸到他们真正喜欢的人身上。”因此答案是 C。 Q4.D. 细节题。原文提到:"Your reputation as an empathetic, non-judgmental listener makes them feel comfortable opening up to you about sensitive topics they might not share with others." 意为:“你作为一个有同情心、不带评判的倾听者的声誉使他们在敏感话题上乐于向你敞开心扉,这些话题他们可能不会与其他人分享。”因此答案是 D。 Q5. A. 细节题。原文提到:"Sincere compliments, especially those referencing your character like 'you’re so thoughtful' or 'you always know how to cheer me up,' are particularly meaningful." 意为:“尤其是那些涉及你性格的真诚赞美,比如‘你如此体贴’或‘你总是知道怎么让我高兴起来’,特别有意义。”这表示这些类型的赞美是对你内在品质的直接认可。因此答案是 A。 Q6. D. 细节题。原文提到:"Laughter is an instinctive response to enjoyment and comfort, and when it frequently accompanies your presence, it indicates a genuine affinity." 意为:“笑声是感到享受和舒适的本能反应,当你的出现经常伴随着笑声时,这表明是一种真正的亲近关系。”因此答案是 D。 Q7. B. 推理题。原文提到:"It means peers hold your contributions in high regard and find you to be reliable and pleasant to work with." 意为:“这意味着同龄人非常重视你的贡献,并认为你是一个可靠而愉快的合作伙伴。”因此答案是 B。 Q8. C. 推理题。原文提到:"The fact that others seek out your point of view reflects well on your character and reputation." 意为:“其他人寻求你的观点这一事实很好地反映了你的性格和声誉。”因此答案是 C。 Q9. A. 推理题。原文提到:"When others offer to help you out or lend a hand without you even needing to ask, it’s a clear sign that people genuinely care about your well-being." 意为:“当别人无需你请求就提供帮助或伸出援手时,这是一个明确的信号,表明人们真正关心你的福祉。”因此答案是 A。 Q10. C. 主旨题。原文:"...it's easy to overlook the subtle signals whispering that you're actually more liked than you give yourself credit for..." 意为:“人们很容易会忽视一些小迹象。而这些迹象证明你其实比你自己认为的更受人欢迎。”因此答案是 C。(本文图片来源于摄图网,版权归摄图网所有)

新闻听力 | 如何避免抄袭

VOA慢速:如何避免抄袭Defining Plagiarism, How to Avoid It CET-4听力语速/五级(CET-4)适中/972词/9分6秒刘立军 供稿Part I. QUESTIONSListen to the news and choose the best answer to each question you hear.Q1. What does plagiarism mean in academic writing?A. Paraphrasing another person's writing.B. Quoting too little from a source.C. Copying someone’s work without giving credit.D. Using too many citations in a paper.Q2. Who recently resigned from Harvard University because of plagiarism issues?A. A student who failed a class for copying work.B. The leader of Harvard University.C. An associate professor at the University of Kentucky.D. A psychology professor at the University of Memphis.Q3. Which of the following can be considered as fair use under American copyright law?A. Reporting news using copyrighted materials.B. Selling pirated movies online.C. Copying software for personal use without permission.D. Replicating an entire book for educational purposes.Q4. What should students do if they use parts of copyrighted work in their academic writing?A. Provide credit through detailed illustrations.B. Get written permission from the original creators.C. Make sure they transform the content completely.D. Give credit with proper citation.Q5. Why might professors suspect a student of plagiarizing if English is not their first language?A. Because non-native speakers are more likely to copy text.B. Due to a recognizable change in writing style and wording.C. Because students with different first languages cannot write well.D. Non-native speakers are not allowed to use complex vocabulary.Q6. What action may Harvard University take against students found plagiarizing?A. Lower their grade or fail them in that class.B. Only give a verbal warning and no further consequences.C. Provide them with special tutoring to improve.D. Increase their grade to encourage better behavior.Q7. How did D. Stephen Voss describe the part that Claudine Gay allegedly plagiarized from his paper?A. It was a major component of his own work.B. It made her research important and valuable.C. It was trivial and inconsequential.D. It was copied word-for-word and vastly significant.Q8. What issue did Roger Kreuz bring up in his email to VOA about plagiarism?A. He believes plagiarism is a minor offense that requires no further discussion.B. He suggests that the definition of plagiarism does not depend on individual opinions.C. He confirmed that his book fully supports Claudine Gay's actions.D. He indicates that university students are given more chances to correct plagiarism.Q9. According to the passage, why might university faculty members receive less scrutiny for plagiarism than students?A. They are considered more careful with their citations by administrators.B. Their work is generally not important enough to warrant attention.C. Faculty members do not need to follow any plagiarism policies.D. Students are always expected to set higher standards for themselves.Q10. What is the main idea presented in the text regarding plagiarism?A. Plagiarism is an act that is taken lightly in academic circles.B. Computer programs and AI tools are ineffective in detecting plagiarism.C. All universities have clear policies about plagiarism and enforce them strictly.D. There is a possible double standard in how plagiarism is treated between students and faculty.Part II. TRANSCRIPTIt has become easy for students to find and copy published material. But copying another person's writing without giving them credit can get students and other scholars into big trouble. (Q1) Copying another person's writing without crediting them is called plagiarism.plagiarism n. 抄袭;剽窃(Q2) Recently, the leader of Harvard University stepped down over problems related to the use of other peoples' work in her writing.American copyright law protects original works of authorship including books, movies, music, images and artworks. The protection extends to computer software and the design of buildings and structures.The owner can sell a copyright or permit others to use it because it is property and property ownership is protected by law in the U.S.The idea is that copyright helps society. If people can gain from their own creations, called their intellectual property, then more people will want to create original works.(Q3) The law, however, permits the unlicensed use of copyrighted works under what is called fair use. Fair use can include criticism, comment, news reporting, education and research. However, there are some limitations.(Q4)In education, students can include small parts of copyrighted work in their writing and research. But they must provide credit to the original creators through a citation which gives details about the source.Many universities, including Harvard University, even urge students to give credit to sources of ideas when they come from discussions with professors or other students. Harvard even warns students about copying themselves. That is, they cannot hand in the same work for more than one class without the permission of their instructors.A failure to do so is considered plagiarizing.How can professors know if a student is plagiarizing?Just as it is easy to copy, it is also easy for professors to know if a student has plagiarized.First, there are computer programs and artificial intelligence, or AI, tools that compare students' papers to large databases of published writing. The programs can identify whether students have copied published writing. Second, (Q5) if English is not a student's first language, a professor might recognize a change in wording and writing style. This could bring more attention to the student's paper.Plagiarism is punished in different ways. (Q6) Professors could simply warn a student not to do it again, lower their grade, or they might fail the student in that class. In more extreme cases, a student may be temporarily banned or expelled from school.Tools to avoid plagiarismThere are free tools to make citations easier for students and to avoid plagiarism. Zotero is a free, open-source program that helps organize all the research a student may use. For example, it can automatically create citations and combine them into a list. The Purdue Online Writing Lab, or Purdue OWL for short, is another free resource.Many universities also have writing centers where students can learn the citation rules. And another way for students to learn how to avoid plagiarism is to read published papers and pay careful attention to how information is presented. Students should observe when and how citations are used. This can help them learn the rules of citations.In educational, or academic, writing, it is better to cite too much than too little.A possible double standardHarvard's Claudine Gay resigned this month after several accusations of plagiarism in her academic work.Gay's academic writing got attention after she was strongly criticized for her answers to a Congressional committee related to freedom of speech. Critics found several cases of possible plagiarism in her 1997 doctoral paper. Harvard's governing board first supported Gay, saying a review of her scholarly work turned up "a few instances of inadequate citation" but no evidence of research wrongdoing.doctoral adj. 博士(学位)的There has been debate among academics over whether her conduct amounted to academic dishonesty. D. Stephen Voss is an associate professor of political science at the University of Kentucky. He knew Gay when they were graduate students at Harvard. A paper he co-wrote in the 1990s was one Gay is accused of plagiarizing from.(Q7) He said in an interview with the New Yorker magazine that Gay did plagiarize from him. But what she copied from his paper was "trivial" and "inconsequential."trivial adj. 不重要的;琐碎的;微不足道的inconsequential adj. 不重要的;微不足道的;细琐的What Gay used from his paper "did not take an idea of any significance from my work." He added: "the bit she used from us was not in any way a major component of what made her research important or valuable."Roger Kreuz is a psychology professor at the University of Memphis who is writing a book on the history and psychology of plagiarism. (Q8) He told VOA in an email that if plagiarism is defined as taking words from another person's work, "the opinion of (Voss) doesn't really matter."Kreuz wrote in the online publication, The Conversation, that university students and professors might face different requirements when it comes to plagiarism. Kreuz wrote that professors suspected of plagiarism may be given the benefit of the doubt by their schools. They may also be given the chance to make corrections to their published work.Kreuz added that university leaders think that faculty members know what plagiarism is and how to avoid it. (Q9) If a problem arises, administrators might think they were just being careless with their citations or use of quotation marks.Students, on the other hand, must follow university policies on academic behavior. Harvard, for example, warns that students may be forced to leave the college if they plagiarize. Work written by students is more likely to be closely examined and put through tools that identify plagiarism than faculty work.(Q10) Many students consider this a double standard.Kreuz wrote in an opinion piece in The Boston Globe that university plagiarism policies for faculty are unclear.How "can academics set or enforce policies for faculty when the concept is so ill-defined?" he asked.I'm Dan Novak. And I'm Gena Bennett.Part III. KEYQ1. C. 细节题。文章中提到:“Copying another person's writing without crediting them is called plagiarism.” 意为:“采用别人写作的内容而不注明出处被称为抄袭。” 因此答案为C。Q2. B. 细节题。文章中提到:“Recently, the leader of Harvard University stepped down over problems related to the use of other peoples' work in her writing.” 意为:“最近,哈佛大学的领导因在其写作中使用其他人的作品引发问题而辞职。” 因此答案为B。Q3. A. 细节题。文章中提到:“...the unlicensed use of copyrighted works under what is called fair use. Fair use can include criticism, comment, news reporting, education and research.” 意为:“……未经授权使用版权作品,称为合理使用。合理使用可以包括批评、评论、新闻报道、教育和研究。” 因此答案为A。Q4. D. 细节题。文章中提到:“students can include small parts of copyrighted work in their writing and research. But they must provide credit to the original creators through a citation which gives details about the source.” 意为:“学生可以在他们的写作和研究中包含版权作品的小部分。但是他们必须标明出处。” 因此答案为D。Q5. B. 细节题。文章中提到:“if English is not a student's first language, a professor might recognize a change in wording and writing style.” 意为:“如果英语不是学生的第一语言,教授可能会认出措辞和写作风格的变化。” 因此答案为B。Q6. A. 细节题。文章中提到:“Professors could simply warn a student not to do it again, lower their grade, or they might fail the student in that class.” 意为:“教授们可以简单地警告学生不要再这样做,降低他们的成绩,或者他们可能会让学生在那门课程中不及格。” 因此答案为A。Q7. C. 细节题。文章中D. Stephen Voss说:“...what she copied from his paper was 'trivial' and 'inconsequential.'” 意为:“她从他的文章中抄袭的部分是‘微不足道’和‘无关紧要’的。” 因此答案为C。Q8. B. 推理题。文章中Roger Kreuz提到:“if plagiarism is defined as taking words from another person's work, 'the opinion of (Voss) doesn't really matter.'” 意为:“如果剽窃被定义为取用他人作品中的话语,‘(沃斯的)观点并不重要’。” 他认为剽窃的定义并不依赖于个人意见。因此答案为B。Q9. A. 推理题。文章中提到:“If a problem arises, administrators might think they were just being careless with their citations or use of quotation marks.” 意为:“如果出现问题,管理者可能会认为他们只是在引用或使用引号时不够小心。” 这表明教职员工可能因为管理者认为他们仅仅是在引用上不够小心而受到较少的审查。因此答案为A。Q10. D. 主旨题。整篇文章讨论了在学术界中剽窃的定义、它如何被处理,以及学生与教职员工之间可能存在的双重标准。文章最后强调了“Many students consider this a double standard.” 意为:“许多学生认为这是一种双重标准。” 因此答案为D。 (本文图片来源于摄图网,版权归摄图网所有)

新闻听力 | 快乐人生七准则

快乐人生七准则7 Rules for a Happy Life 语速:CET-4听力/ 词汇:六级(CET-6)偏易/ 篇幅:1006词/ 时长:6分27秒 刘立军 供稿Part I.QUESTIONSListen to the talk and choose the best answer to each question you hear. Q1. According to rule one, how should onedeal with negative thoughts about the past?A.By focusing on the present and embracing the now.B.By seeking professional help to overcome them.C.By trying to go back and change what happened.D.By holding onto the judgments of others. Q2. What does rule two advise against whendealing with critics?A.Completely ignoring all feedback.B.Consulting your inner compass for guidance.C.Being influenced by opinions that don't align with core values.D.Accepting thoughtful critiques from caring people. Q3. What is suggested as a natural healeraccording to rule three?A.Immediate action to fix problems.B.Forcing a resolution to issues quickly.C.Constantly revisiting and analyzing setbacks.D.Patience and allowing time to pass. Q4. What does rule four identify as the "thief of joy"?A.Setting too many goals.B.Not acknowledging hurdles you've overcome.C.Comparing yourself to others.D.Celebrating small milestones. Q5. In rule five, what is a person advisedto do when feeling overwhelmed?A.Rush to achieve their goals.B.Take a deep breath and stay calm.C.Give up on unclear paths.D.Pressure themselves more. Q6. What does rule six highlight aboutpersonal power and happiness?A.The importance of controlling external circumstances.B.That happiness is conditioned by perfect life situations.C.Taking responsibility for your own happiness.D.That achieving goals instantly is necessary for joy. Q7. What overall message do these sevenrules convey?A.That happiness is completely out of an individual's control.B.That major life changes are needed to find happiness.C.That happiness can only be achieved with the absence of stress.D.That adopting certain habits can increase one's happiness.Part II.TRANSCRIPT 7 Rules for a Happy Life What does it really take to live a happylife? Navigating a world full of stress, negativity, and uncertainty, the questfor genuine happiness can feel like a wild goose chase. But the truth is, itdoesn’t need to be so difficult. (Q1) Small, intentional changes in ‘how youthink and act’ can significantly impact your ability to experience joy. This video highlights 7 simple rules thatanyone can follow to invite more happiness into their life. And whilepracticing these habits does take effort, those who embrace them oftenexperience the benefits of increased calmness, confidence, and a more cheerfuldisposition! (1) Don’t Let Yesterday Define Today All of us have had bad days. Times when itfeels like the world is against us or we’ve made mistakes that haunt us. It’sso easy to obsess over the past and replay upsetting events in our mindsas if we could go back and change what happened. But we can’t. Embrace the nowand make the most of today. Forgive yourself for past mistakes and releaseothers from your judgment. (Q2) When negative thoughts about the past creepin, consciously refocus your mind on the gifts of the present; the sights,sounds, and feelings available right now. Each moment is an opportunity tolive fully, so don’t ruin a good today by thinking about a bad yesterday.obsess v. 唠叨;挂牵;念念不忘 (2) Tune Out the Critics Everybody wants to feel accepted andvalued by others. However, seeking constant validation leads nowhere good.You’ll twist yourself into a pretzel, trying to be what you think others wantyou to be. Instead, make a habit of checking in with your inner compass. Whatdo you truly want? What principles matter most, deep down? (Q3) Learn torecognize when someone’s judgments don’t align with your core values.Their opinions might sting, but don’t let them sway you. Stay grounded inwhat you know to be right and important. Of course, this doesn’t meandisregarding all feedback; we all have blind spots. It’s wise to listen when acaring person makes a thoughtful critique. But ultimately, you are theexpert on you. Sift through the noise and focus on what resonates with yourtrue self. align with 使一致critique n. 评论 (3) Allow for Time’s Natural Mend When life hands you heartache, or you facea setback, it’s hard to imagine that things will ever get better. (Q4) Butif you can summon the patience to wait it out, time will provide theperspective you need. With the passing days, months, and years, your woundswill slowly mend, the intensity of emotion will fade, and you’ll gain theclarity to understand why things happened the way they did. Trust that yourcircumstances will improve if you allow them the time to do so. Don’t try torush the process or force a resolution. Let things unfold naturally. As youmove forward, you’ll start to rediscover meaning, purpose, and possibilitiesfor the future. Obviously, time alone doesn’t make wounds disappear entirely.But when you’re patient and nurture yourself through the process, your resiliencegrows. nurture v. 扶持;帮助;支持resilience n. 快速恢复的能力;适应力 (4)Don’t Compare Yourself to Others (Q5) Comparing yourself to others istruly a thief of joy. It will only leave you discouraged as you fixate onwhat you lack. There will always be someone who appears more successful,talented, or well-liked than you. But the only yardstick that truly matters isyourself. Focus on being a little bit better today than you were yesterday. Setsmall, achievable goals. It will allow you to witness tangible progress,promoting a sense of accomplishment. Because it’s not about outshining others;it’s about outshining your former self. Celebrate the milestones, no matter howsmall, and acknowledge the hurdles you’ve overcome. This shift inperspective transforms the comparison game into a personal evolution, makingroom for gratitude and self-compassion. hurdle n. 难关;障碍 (5)Stay Calm Life can feel overwhelming sometimes.There’s always so much going on, and it’s easy to feel anxious, stressed, orimpatient. But getting all worked up will only cloud your judgment. It’s okaynot to have everything figured out right now. Not everything happens accordingto our desired timelines. (Q6) When challenges arise, take a deep breath andstay calm. It will give you the mental space to consider your options andseek solutions. Don’t pressure yourself to achieve your goals instantly, butkeep moving forward. Maintain momentum in a positive direction, even ifthe path looks unclear. Progress will unfold one step at a time. momentum n. 推进力;动力;势头 (6) Take Responsibility for Your Happiness As much as we might wish to shape thenarratives of others or mold external circumstances to our liking, the realityis that control over these aspects is limited. The real power lies in how wechoose to respond to the unfolding scenes, regardless of the twists and turnsin the plot. So, stop putting conditions on your happiness; waiting for thatperfect job, relationship, or bank account balance before allowing yourself tofeel joyful. (Q7) True happiness comes from within. It’s not contingenton external factors but is a reflection of your mindset, perspective,and the choices you make. Rather than waiting for happiness to find you, takecharge to create your own fulfilment. contingent on sth. 依情况而定的 (7) Look for Reasons to Smile Life is a series of fleeting moments, bothgood and bad. But if you focus too much on the negative ones, you’ll miss thepositive moments zipping by. So, look for reasons to smile. Savor thesmall joys in each day, appreciate your blessings, and spread positivity toothers. When you make a habit of smiling, you’ll carry more lightness andoptimism into every situation. It not only brightens your day, but also adds asprinkle of joy to the lives of those around you. With enough practice, you canturn smiling into an instinctive response that shapes your perspective andexperience of the world. There you have it. These simple rules can make a realdifference in living a happier life. Following these guidelines can help youappreciate the present, see challenges in a better light, and open yourself upto more joy. savor v. 欣赏Part III.KEY Q1. A. 细节题。文章第(1) 段中提到:“When negative thoughts about the pastcreep in, consciously refocus your mind on the gifts of the present; thesights, sounds, and feelings available right now.” 中文翻译为:“当消极的过去回忆悄然而至时,有意识地将你的注意力重新集中在当下可感恩的事上上;眼睛看到的、耳朵听到的、心灵感受到的。”因此答案为A。 Q2. C. 细节题。文章第 (2) 段提到:“Learn to recognize when someone’sjudgments don’t align with your core values... don’t let them sway you.” 中文翻译为:“当他人的评判与你的核心价值观不一致要学会辨别……不要让它们影响你。”因此答案为C。 Q3 D. 细节题。文章第 (3) 段提到:“But if you can summon the patience towait it out, time will provide the perspective you need.” 中文翻译为:“但如果你能够耐心等待,时间会给你所需要的视角。”因此答案为D。 Q4. C. 细节题。文章第 (4) 段中提到:“Comparing yourself to others is truly athief of joy.” 中文翻译为:“将自己与他人比较确实是快乐的小偷。”因此答案为C。 Q5. B. 细节题。文章第 (5) 段提到:“When challenges arise, take a deep breathand stay calm.” 中文翻译为:“当挑战出现时,深呼吸并保持冷静。”因此答案为B。 Q6. C. 细节题。文章第 (6) 段提到:“True happiness comes from within...Rather than waiting for happiness to find you, take charge to create your ownfulfilment.” 中文翻译为:“真正的幸福来自内心……与其等待幸福来临,不如主动创造自己的满足。”因此答案为C。 Q7. D. 主旨题。整篇文章通过列出七条规则,传达了采纳特定习惯可以提高一个人幸福感的总体信息,这些规则包括专注于当下、处理批评、耐心面对困难、避免与他人比较等。因此答案为D。(本文图片来源于摄图网,版权归摄图网所有)

第12届教学大赛商务英语组二等奖贺静授课

授课点评:贺静老师授课效果较好,教学目标清楚、教学方法得当、教学程序井井有条。此外,贺静老师口齿清晰,语音语调比较纯正、流利;教态端庄自然,有亲和力,教学过程中与学生互动良好,体现了以学生为主体,教师为主导的教学原则。授课分两部分。第一部分介绍该单元(Empire of Wealth)的总教学安排,用了3分30秒,时间把握得比较好。另外,设计的PPT形式多样,各种图表清楚展现了教学安排。授课开始的第三分钟,PPT显示的该单元总教学目标及三篇课文的教学目标一览无遗,加上贺静老师的阐释,清晰地传递了教学目标和学习目标,这能帮助学生在课堂内外围绕主题有效学习。紧接着,贺静老师借助PPT上的流程图比较详细地介绍了授课课文In Praise of Competitive Urges的教学安排,其中的Problem-centred教学方法对学生发现、分析和解决问题有很大帮助。之后进入第二部分:比赛授课阶段。第二部分具体授课含四个阶段。进入第一阶段Warm-up时,贺静老师显得有点紧张,但很快就调整好了状态。该阶段有教师对课文理解的提问,请学生从课文中找到相关的依据回答问题,这种做法本来值得称道,因为授课不能离开课文。但是,Warm-up阶段是课前准备阶段,因此,贺静老师在Warm-up阶段讲解课文不妥,建议把重点放在教材中的Warm-up Activities上,适当设计一些附加的活动,才符合教学逻辑。此外,在总时间为20分钟且第一阶段用了3分30秒的情况下,Warm-up阶段用了5分1秒显得有点过长。之后是第二阶段Questionnaire Results,贺静老师分析解释了调查表中的信息,谈了自己对问题的看法,期间激励学生思考、回答问题,这对培养学生的独立思考能力及理解课文非常有益。Questionnaire之后进入授课第三阶段:Wealth-flaunting Motivations / Summarizing。炫富动机是课文包含的核心内容之一。因此,讨论炫富动机有助于学生理解课文。教师要求学生从PPT上(视频13')显示的课文段落寻找答案,并要求学生做pair work找到有关的词汇。另外,通过分析课文的修辞寓意,贺静老师阐释了文章作者的真实目的。这一点做得很好。另一方面,根据该单元内容,所授的是“综合商务英语”课程。因此,贺静老师应更多围绕语言难点、篇章结构、写作风格、文法修辞等方面进行解释,让学生对课文有更深层次的理解。第四阶段Assignment在视频18'15"开始。课后作业包括questionnaire设计、调研报告写作、相关阅读作业。这样较好兼顾了综合商务英语课程语言学习和商务实践的教学特点。建议更多以教材内容教学为主,重视语言、篇章教学,在帮助学生充分理解课文的前提下掌握一些商务知识和技能;需要结合课文融入更多的思政教育内容。点评专家:翁凤翔

第12届教学大赛商务英语组特等奖潘紫萌说课

说课点评:在30分钟的准备时间里,读完、理解一篇800多词的商务英语文章,记住文章的结构和要点,设计出一套有理论指导、教学理念清晰、目标合理、结构完整、方法得当,最好再带点创新的教学方案,然后在10分钟的时间里,用英语条理清晰地把它展示出来,这对任何商务英语教师来讲都是一项重大的挑战。潘紫萌老师首先分析了课文,根据内容将其解构成三大部分。选手将第二部分(第3-8段)归纳成 promotion, price and place 和将第三部分(第9段)归纳成对计划进入中国市场的外国企业的忠告,这都是正确的。但是,她把第一部分(第1-2段)归纳成product,进而把前两部分归纳成营销学中著名的4P战略,这种做法有待商榷。因为课文的第1段主要讲两个问题:1)营销战略如何在中国成功,2)这些战略如何根据中国人的喜好以及对产品或服务的认知进行调整,而不是具体的产品。也许是准备的时间非常紧迫,选手对课文的理解和归纳出现了偏差。然后,潘老师分析了学生的特点。在教学模式上,她采取以学生为中心、以产出为导向的教学模式。其教学目标包括商务英语知识、商务技能和伦理价值。在具体的教学方法上,她例举了基于任务的教学、基于讨论的教学、案例教学、学生参与的测评等,并强调要综合利用线上线下教学资源。在学习测评上,她采用师生共同参与的方式,以增强教学效果。至于具体的教学步骤,她采用BOPPPS模式,再加课后作业。以上教学方案应该说中规中矩,显示出潘老师对商务英语教学的理论、模式、方法和测评等各要素有比较全面的了解。潘老师最亮眼的表现是在10分钟的时间里,用流利的英语将其教学方案展现出来,而且条理清晰,相关的教学理论、教学方法、商务知识、商务案例均了然于胸,信手拈来,同时口到手到,同步将所讲内容写到白板上,手起笔落,一气呵成。在提问阶段,潘老师的表现依旧出色,理解到位,回答中肯,表现出较高的英语基本功和商务、人文素养。不过有的回答可以再精炼一些。比如在回答第一个问题时,把EGP,EOP,EAP,ESP 的定义都讲了一遍,有点啰嗦。总而言之,潘紫萌在说课中表现突出,是一位素质比较全面、经验比较丰富的优秀商务英语教师。点评专家:陈准民

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