双语阅读 | 可能让人变“丧”的五个生活习惯:频繁刷手机、饮食习惯差……

可能让人变“丧”的五个生活习惯:频繁刷手机、饮食习惯差……From Constantly Checking Your Phone to a Bad Diet – The 5 Everyday Habits That Could Be Harming Your Mental Health王淑怡 供稿Habits are things we do over and over again and are usually fairly harmless. But there are some that can be bad for our mental health. Vanessa Gebhardt, a psychologist, explained how breaking these harmful habits can help to have a positive effect. Here she highlights the reasons you could be struggling with your mental health.习惯是我们反复会做的事情,通常是没有任何坏处的。但是,有一些习惯可能对我们的心理健康产生影响。心理学家瓦妮莎·格巴德(Vanessa Gebhardt)阐述了改变这些坏习惯将如何带来积极的影响。她提出了可能导致心理健康问题的几点原因:1. Constantly checking your phone1. 经常刷手机A hurtful habit is being glued to our phones and checking them without even thinking about it. This mindless checking promotes the expectation of immediate gratification; in other words, looking for notifications which make us feel good and more connected.随时随地把手机带在身边、下意识地看手机是一种不良习惯。频繁刷手机会导致人们越来越追求即时满足;换句话说,就是不断寻找令我们感觉良好和更有归属感的信息。Research by De Montfort University recently found that checking your phone regularly can make you more distracted and forgetful, and that’s not to mention the negative impact this habit can have on your mental health. “To overcome this, monitor your screen time and be mindful of who you choose to follow, which online conversations or debates you choose to join, and focus on the positive posts, rather than the negative ones.”德蒙福特大学最近的研究发现,频繁看手机会让你更容易分心和健忘,更不用说这个习惯会对你的心理健康造成负面影响。“要克服这一点,你可以监控你的手机屏幕使用时间,谨慎选择关注对象以及加入哪些在线对话或讨论,多关注积极的帖子,而不是消极的帖子。”2. Being inside all day2. 整天待在家The coronavirus pandemic has been tough on many people as being inside all day can be difficult. Spending the majority of your day indoors can significantly increase your risk for depression, with lack of sunlight and vitamin D contributing to depressive symptoms.新冠疫情让人们不得不整天呆在家里,这对于许多人来说都非常煎熬。每天大部分时间呆在室内,会导致罹患抑郁症的风险明显增加,因为不晒太阳和缺乏维生素D会导致抑郁症状。Heading outside for a short walk can help and if you are still working from home simulating your commute to work is a great way to ensure you get out and about during the day. Simply grab a coffee and take a walk round the block before entering your ‘home office’; the natural light, change of scenery and exercise can boost your mental health, improve your mood, and increase your ability to concentrate.出去散散步可能会有所帮助;如果你仍然在家办工,假装上下班通勤也是一个能让你出门走走的好办法。在进入“家庭办公室”之前,你只需拿起咖啡,在街区里走一圈;自然光、不同的景致和体育锻炼都有益于你的心理健康,改善情绪,帮助你集中注意力。3. Sleeping too little3. 缺乏睡眠A lack of sleep can leave us feeling a little ropey, and this is because sleep deprivation leads to low mood, difficulty in concentrating, irritability, and getting more easily overwhelmed, which can negatively impact your mental health. Just one week of disturbed or poor sleep can increase stress levels, anger, and feelings of sadness, and it is a vicious cycle, with each of these factors making it more difficult to fall and stay asleep.缺乏睡眠会让我们状态很差,这是因为睡眠不足会导致情绪低落、注意力难以集中、易怒和容易崩溃,这会对你的心理健康产生负面影响。仅仅一周的低质量睡眠就会增加压力、愤怒和悲伤的情绪,这是一个恶性循环,每个因素都会使入睡和保持睡眠更加困难。If you have trouble sleeping, use techniques to relax and unwind before bed will help you to develop a sleep routine that works for you, helping you to feel energized and more positive during your waking hours.如果你入睡困难,可以在睡前运用一些技巧放松身体,这有助于养成适合自己的睡眠习惯,帮助你在清醒时保持充沛精力和积极情绪。4. Bad diet4. 不良饮食习惯If we’ve been gorging on sweets and chocolate, it can have a negative impact on our mood. High-sugar, processed foods like cakes, bread, and biscuits, as well as red meat can substantially raise the risk for depression and eating these sorts of foods on a regular basis could be one of the reasons your mental health is suffering.长期食用各种甜食和巧克力,可能会让我们的心情变差。蛋糕、面包、饼干等高糖加工食品以及红肉会大大增加罹患抑郁症的风险,经常吃这类食物可能影响你的心理健康。Studies have shown that eating these foods in large quantities, as well as low amounts of fruits and vegetables is associated with an increased risk of depression and mood disorders. To positively impact your mental health, pay close attention to the foods you are fueling your body and mind with, and opt for a diet full of fruits, vegetables, and wholegrains.研究表明,大量食用此类食物,且水果和蔬菜摄入较少,会增加患抑郁症和情绪障碍的风险。要对你的心理健康产生积极影响,就要密切注意你的身心所摄入的食物,选择富含水果、蔬菜和全麦的饮食。5. Lack of exercise5. 缺乏锻炼Exercising is brilliant for reducing stress and the feel-good endorphins released by exercise can be an instant mood-booster. Regular exercise can also help improve your energy levels and motivation, increasing feelings of happiness and reducing symptoms of depression, anxiety, and stress.锻炼有助于缓解压力,锻炼时会释放令人愉悦的内啡肽,可以让人心情瞬间变好。经常锻炼也能提高你的体能和动力,增加幸福感,减少抑郁、焦虑和压力。For maximum benefit, try to do at least 30 minutes of exercise three to five times a week. If you are not sure where to start, or are looking to switch up your fitness regime, fitness apps offer workouts which are suitable for any age and fitness level.为了达到最佳效果,可以尝试每次运动至少30分钟,每周运动3到5次。如果你不知道从哪里开始练起,或者想要改变健身计划,各种健身app可以根据你的年龄和体质为你提供合适的健身方案。【VOCABULARY】1.glue v. 使全神贯注2.immediate gratification 即时满足3.coronavirus n. 冠状病毒4.ropey adj. (非正式)不舒服的 ;破旧的,劣质的5.vicious adj. 恶毒的;恶意的;堕落的;有错误的6.unwind v. 放松7.gorge v. 贪婪地吃;狼吞虎咽8.wholegrains n. 全谷物;全麦9.endorphin n. [生化] 内啡肽(封面图片来源于摄图网,版权归摄图网所有)

双语阅读 | 为什么蚊子爱咬人?

为什么蚊子爱咬人?Why Do Mosquitoes Love to Bite You?王淑怡 供稿In summer, mosquitoes interrupt our sleep with their constant buzzing, they bite us leaving redness, itching, and sometimes edema. Also, they can transmit a large number of diseases to us.夏季到来,恼人的蚊子总是不断骚扰我们,晚上嗡嗡嗡吵的人睡不着,被蚊子咬到后会出现红肿、瘙痒,有时还会出现水肿。蚊子还会给人类传播大量疾病。Why Do Mosquitoes’ Bite Us?蚊子为什么会咬人?First of all, you should know that not all mosquitoes bite. There are around 3,500 species and only three of them seek our blood: Anopheles, Culex, and Aedes. Likewise, it is only female mosquitoes that bite. And only those who need protein and other chemicals in the blood to produce and deposit their eggs. In general, a female mosquito can lay between 30 and 300 eggs by sucking blood once. To complete the process of forming more eggs, she needs to suck again. Male mosquitoes do not bite because they feed on the nectar and juices produced by plants. Females could also live without stinging, but the three species we mentioned need this for their reproduction.首先,你要知道并非所有的蚊子都咬人。全世界约有3500种蚊子,只有三种吸食人血,分别是按蚊(Anopheles)、库蚊(Culex)和伊蚊(Aedes)。同样,只有雌蚊才会咬人。因为人的血液中含有蛋白质和其他化学物质,雌蚊需要这些物质来产卵和储存蚊卵。一般来说,一只雌蚊子吸饱一次血能产卵30至300粒。为了能产更多的蚊卵,它们需要不断吸血。雄蚊吸食花蜜、植物的汁液等,它们不吸血。雌蚊也可以和雄蚊一样,不以吸食人血为生,但方才提到的三种蚊子只能通过吸血来繁殖后代。Why Do Mosquitoes Bites Itch?为什么被咬后会觉得痒?When they bite, mosquitoes insert their mouthparts under our skin and then inject some of their saliva to prevent the blood from clotting as they absorb it. On the other hand, the immune system reacts to chemicals in the insect’s saliva. This causes different reactions: redness, swelling, and itching. Although these reactions are the most common and harmless, children, people with weak immune systems, and adults who have never been bitten before tend to react with more severe symptoms. Among which fever and hives.蚊子在叮咬的时候,它的口器刺入我们的皮下,通过注入唾液来防止周血液凝固,方便它们吸血。另一方面,这些唾液中内含的化学成分会使我们的免疫系统作出反应,出现红肿发痒等症状。虽然这些症状很常见也无害,但是儿童、免疫系统较弱的人和从未被蚊虫叮咬过的成年人,容易出现更加严重的症状,如发烧或荨麻疹。Do Mosquitoes Prefer Some People Over Others?蚊子会“偏爱”某些人吗?As unfair as it sounds, the answer is yes. Indeed, some studies suggest that 20% of people are irresistible to mosquitoes. Likewise, entomologists have discovered other factors that may be more attractive to these insects. Several factors, therefore, make you the favorite prey of mosquitoes. The best known and most supported by science are as follows.虽然这听起来有些荒谬,但答案是肯定的。事实上,研究表明20%的人对蚊子来说尤其“美味”。同样,昆虫学家发现了吸引蚊子的一些原因。有几点原因让你成为了蚊子的“最爱”。以下是最被大众熟知和最具科学依据的几点原因:1. The color of the clothes1.衣着颜色Mosquitoes use the sense of sight to locate their prey. The studies suggest that they are often more attracted to dark colors such as black, green, and red. In this sense, if you wear clothes in these tones, you will become the ideal target for most mosquitoes.蚊子依靠视觉来锁定“猎物”。研究表明,蚊子更喜欢叮咬穿黑色、绿色和红色等深色衣服的人。也就是说,如果你穿着这类颜色的衣服,你就会成为大多数蚊子的理想目标。2. The carbon dioxide we emit2.二氧化碳Mosquitoes have the ability to smell the carbon dioxide that we exhale as we breathe. Therefore, the more we exhale, the more prone we are to their stings. In general, our production of dioxide increases when we play sports or when our body size is large. Also, be aware that when we exhale through our nose and mouth, mosquitoes feel more attracted to the head area. This explains why we hear their incessant buzzing during the night.蚊子可以嗅到人们呼吸时产生的二氧化碳。所以,呼出更多气体的人更加吸引蚊子。一般来说,运动中的人或体型较大的人会呼出更多的二氧化碳。另外,我们在用鼻子和嘴呼吸时,蚊子就会更容易飞向头部区域。这也就是为什么我们晚上总能一直听见“嗡嗡”声。3. Chemicals and body temperature3. 化学物质和体温Mosquitoes can also detect their prey by sniffing lactic acid, uric acid, ammonia, and other compounds emitted by sweat. They also have a great preference for people with an elevated body temperature. Also, being active makes us more prone to mosquito bites due to the increase in lactic acid and body temperature. There are also genetic factors involved in the amount of uric acid and other substances secreted.蚊子会根据人们出汗时排出的乳酸、尿酸、氨气以及其他物质来确定目标,而且更喜欢体温较高的人。由于剧烈运动会促进乳酸的增加并产生更多热量,这会使你从蚊子的众多目标中“脱颖而出”。与此同时,遗传因素也会影响人们排出的乳酸和其他物质的含量。4. Bacteria present in the skin4. 皮肤细菌Some scientific studies have shown that the type and amount of bacteria present in the skin can make us more prone to mosquito bites. The most irresistible to mosquitoes are those that present the most numbers of certain types of skin microbes. This factor would explain why some insects are so attracted to the ankle and foot area. These regions are a sure source of bacteria.科学研究表明,人类皮肤上细菌的具体类型和数量也会影响人们对蚊子的吸引力。如果皮肤上有许多细菌,但菌群的种类更为多样的话,这样的皮肤最能吸引蚊子。这也许解释了为什么蚊子尤其喜欢咬我们的踝关节和双脚,因为这些部位的菌群组成更加稳定。5. Pregnancy5.孕妇According to studies, pregnant women are more attractive to mosquitoes. Indeed, during pregnancy, women exhale more carbon dioxide (about 21% more volume). Their body temperature is also higher.研究表明,蚊子更喜欢叮咬孕妇。怀孕时,孕妇会比其他人多呼出21%的二氧化碳,体温也会更高。6. Drink beer6. 爱喝啤酒的人A 2002 research has associated alcohol consumption with increased mosquito bites. Scientists determined that those who consumed beer were more attractive to insects than those who did not.2002年的一项研究表明,饮酒和被蚊子叮咬相关。科学家们发现,喝了啤酒的人更易得到蚊子的青睐。How To Prevent Mosquito Bites?如何预防蚊虫叮咬?Although it is sometimes impossible to avoid being stung, there are some things you can do to prevent discomfort. The main thing is, first of all, to reduce the risk of contracting a disease.虽然有时我们会不可避免地遭到蚊子叮咬,但你可以做些什么来缓解不适。最重要的是,首先要降低感染疾病的风险。Use insect repellant.Use long clothes, pants, and socks, if possible.Choose light-colored clothing.Avoid going out at nightfall or daybreak: these are the hours when mosquitoes are most active.使用驱虫剂;尽量穿长袖长裤和袜子;穿浅色服饰;避免傍晚或黎明外出:蚊子在这些时间段最活跃。【VOCABULARY】1. itching n. 痒2. edema n. [病理] 水肿3. nectar n. [植] 花蜜4.mouthpart n. (节肢动物等的)口器5. saliva n. 唾液6. hives n. [皮肤] 荨麻疹7.irresistible adj. 极诱人的;忍不住想要的8. entomologist n. 昆虫学者9.lactic acid 乳酸10. uric acid 尿酸11. ammonia n. 氨;氨水12. secrete v. 分泌13. microbes n. 细菌14. repellant n. 驱虫剂(封面图片来源于摄图网,版权归摄图网所有)

双语阅读 | 为什么你和镜子里的自己看上去不一样?

Why Do You Look Different In A Mirror?为什么你和镜子里的自己看上去不一样?王淑怡 供稿Usually the greatest fear after a wild night of partying isn't what you said that you might regret, but how you'll look in your friends' photos. If you left home looking like a 10, those awkward group selfies make you feel more like a 5, prompting you to wonder, "Why do I look different in pictures?" It's a weird phenomenon that is making people question their own mirrors. Are pictures the "real" you or is it your reflection? Have mirrors been lying to us this whole time?通常,一夜的狂欢派对过后最令你恐惧的不是你说了什么可能会让你后悔的事情,而是你在朋友拍的照片中长什么样子。如果你离开家时的样子是10分,那么,那些令人尴尬的自拍合照让你觉得自己只有5分,你不禁思考,“为什么我在照片中看起来不一样?”这是一个奇怪的现象,它让人们对自己的镜子产生了怀疑。照片和镜像,哪一个才是“真实”的你?镜子一直在对我们撒谎吗?The answer to that is a bit tricky. The good news is that there's a big chance that Quasimodo-looking creature that stares back at you in your selfies isn't an accurate depiction of the real you. But your mirror isn't completely truthful either.问题的答案可能有点绕。好消息是,在你的自拍中长得像卡西莫多的那个人有很大概率不是你最真实的样子。然而,你在镜子里看到的也不完全是真实的自己。The mirror is a reflection. It's not the real you.镜子里的只是你的映像,并不是真实的你Although we're the most comfortable and familiar with the face staring back at us while we brush our teeth in the morning, the mirror isn't really the real us. It's a reflection, so it shows how we look like in reverse. Because we're so used to seeing the reverse version of ourselves, seeing how we look in pictures can be jarring. And unless you're blessed with a perfectly symmetrical face, the photo version of yourself can be even more wonky.在我们早上刷牙时,镜子里的脸是我们最为舒服、熟悉的,但这不是我们真实的样子。它只是一个映像,呈现的是我们翻转过来的样貌。因为我们早已习惯了镜子中翻转的自己,所以看到照片难免会觉得令人不快。除非你有幸长了一张完美对称的脸,否则照片里的形象还要更加靠不住。“We see ourselves in the mirror all the time—you brush your teeth, you shave, you put on makeup,” Pamela Rutledge, director of the Media Psychology Center, told The Atlantic. “Looking at yourself in the mirror becomes a firm impression. You have that familiarity. Familiarity breeds liking. You’ve established a preference for that look of your face.”媒体心理中心主任帕梅拉·拉特利奇在接受《大西洋月刊》采访时说:“我们总是通过镜子看自己——刷牙、刮胡子和化妆的时候都是。你已经把镜子里的模样已铭刻在心,非常熟悉了。熟悉就会带来喜爱。你已经对这副样貌产生了偏好。”Scientists call this the "mere-exposure" effect. Basically, it's a behavior concocted by psychologist Robert Zajonc that says people react favorably to things they're most familiar with. So, when you see a flipped version of yourself, you immediately hate it or even find it grotesque because it's the opposite of what you're used to.科学家将这种现象称为“曝光效应”。简单来说,这是由心理学家罗伯特·扎荣茨提出的一种行为,即人们会对自己最为熟悉的事物产生好感。因此,当你看到翻转过来的自己时,你会立即产生厌恶心理,甚至觉得它很怪异,因为它与你所习惯的样子截然相反。The camera lens also plays a part.相机的镜头也在作祟So if your reflection isn't the real you, does that mean your ugly selfies are your "true self"? Although mirrors show a flipped version of yourself, the myth that "pictures never lie" isn't completely true either. After all, most people take more than one selfie before they find their most flattering one, and usually it takes a combination of angles and lighting before landing one Instagram-worthy.那么,如果镜像并非真实的你,这是否意味着不好看的自拍才展现了“真实的自己”?虽然镜子呈现的是我们翻转过来的样子,但“照片从不说谎”的神话也不完全属实。毕竟,大多数人自拍的时候不会只拍一张,然后会结合拍摄角度和灯光挑出一张最动人、最符合Instagram审美的再上传。But the problem might not be your angles, it could be lens distortion. Because of the proximity of your face to the camera, the lens can distort certain features, making them look larger than they are in real life. Depending on your features, if you have a soft, round face, photos can flatten your features and further distort the "real" you.但问题可能不在于你的拍摄角度,而在于镜头畸变。由于你的脸离相机很近,镜头会扭曲某些特征,使它们看起来比现实中的更大。根据你的脸部特征,如果你的脸庞柔和圆润,照片会弱化你的特点,进一步扭曲“真实”的你。Your smile could also be the culprit.你的笑容也是一个原因Everyone knows what it's like to pose for an awkward photo, like a driver's license or a passport. The photos never turn out looking nice, and they hardly look like our natural smiles. When you're looking at yourself in the mirror, you're relaxed, confident, and more likely to smile and act naturally. If someone shouting "Say cheese!" at you, maybe you're going to tense up and have a photo that looks different and foreign from the version you see in the mirror. It's best to relax when taking pictures and try to focus on something else. That tense, forced awkwardness will always translate to a bad photo.我们都知道,摆拍一张尴尬的照片是怎样的,比如驾驶执照或护照。这些照片都不好看,而且笑容也很不自然。当你照镜子时,你会相对放松和自信,笑容、举止也会更自然一点。如果有人对你喊“茄子!”,你可能就会紧张起来,拍出的照片与你在镜子里看到的自己截然不同,让你感到陌生。因此,拍照时最好能够放松,把注意力转移到其他事情上。紧张、被迫的尴尬表情往往会变成一张糟糕的照片。【VOCABULARY】1.Quasimodo n. 卡西莫多(维克多·雨果的小说《巴黎圣母院》中的驼背人的名字)2.jarring adj. 令人不快的3.symmetrical adj. 对称的4.wonky adj. 不稳的,歪斜的;靠不住的5.concoct v. 虚构,杜撰,编造(故事、借口等)6.lens distortion 光学变形;透镜畸变7.culprit n. 引起问题的事物(封面图片来源于摄图网,版权归摄图网所有)

练习 | 中国发射神舟十二号

中国发射神舟十二号China launches the Shenzhou-12 spacecraft刘立军 供稿TRANSCRIPTScientists and workers at a Chinese satellite launch center in the Gobi desert are making their final preparations for the launch of the Shenzhou-12 spacecraft - a high-stakes crewed mission and China's first crewed launch in years, Reuters Maha Albadrawi reports. China will send three astronauts into orbit on Thursday, the first of four crewed space flights to complete the country's space station by the end of next year. Nie Haisheng, Liu Boming, and Tang Hongbo will launch into orbit aboard the spacecraft that morning from Jiuquan in northwestern Gansu province. Construction of China's space station began in April with the launch of Tianhe, the first and largest of three modules. It will be Tang Honbo's first space outing. That's Reuters Maha Albadrawi. Reporting by remote, I'm David Byrd, VOA News.VOCABULARY1. high-stakes adj. 高风险的2. orbit n. a curved path followed by a planet or an object as it moves around another planet, star,moon, etc. (天体等运行的)轨道。例如:the earth's orbit around the sun地球环绕太阳的轨道3. module n. a unit of a spacecraft that can function independently of the main part (航天器上独立的)舱。例如:the lunar module登月舱QUESTIONSRead the statements. Then listen to the news and decide whether the statements are true (T) or false (F).1. The Shenzhou-12 spacecraft is a high-stakes crewed mission and China's second crewed launch in years.2. China will send four astronauts into orbit on Thursday.3. This is the third of four crewed space flights to complete the country's space station by the end of next year.4. Construction of China's space station began in April with the launch of Tianhe.5. It will be Tang Honbo's second space outing.KEYRead the statements. Then listen to the news and decide whether the statements are true (T) or false (F).(F) 1. The Shenzhou-12 spacecraft is a high-stakes crewed mission and China's second crewed launch in years. (正确表达)The Shenzhou-12 spacecraft is a high-stakes crewed mission and China's first crewed launch in years.(F) 2. China will send four astronauts into orbit on Thursday. (正确表达)China will send three astronauts into orbit on Thursday.(F) 3. This is the third of four crewed space flights to complete the country's space station by the end of next year. (正确表达)This is the first of four crewed space flights to complete the country's space station by the end of next year.(T) 4. Construction of China's space station began in April with the launch of Tianhe.(F) 5. It will be Tang Honbo's second space outing. (正确表达)It will be Tang Honbo's first space outing.(封面图片来源于摄图网,版权归摄图网所有)

练习 | 东京奥运会闭幕

东京奥运会闭幕The Tokyo Olympics came to an end刘立军 供稿TRANSCRIPTThe closing ceremony for the Tokyo Olympics is on the way, bringing the games to a close. As with most of the events, the finaleis taking place in a stadiumwithout fans. The president of the International Olympic Committee Thomas Bach described the games as a success despite the pandemic. Our sports correspondent Alex Capstick has this analysis.It was always a bit of a gambleto put these games on in the middle of a pandemic, but the IOC and the local organizers will feel vindicatedin making that decision, because the evidence suggests this there hasn't been a huge outbreak of COVID inside the Olympic bubble. The general population, they will argue, has been protected. But these games have also been uplifting. There have been full of drama. You know, records have been broken. Countries have won medals for the first time ever. We've seen some new sports which have really captured the imagination. And despite athletes having to compete in such challenging circumstances in a bubble, they have produced some mesmerizingperformance.VOCABULARY1. finalen. the last part of a show or a piece of music (演出的)终场,结局;(音乐的)终曲,末乐章。例如:The festival ended with a grand finale in Hyde Park. 节日的压轴活动是在海德公园举行的盛大演出。2.vindicatev. to prove that sth. is true or that you were right to do sth., especially when other people had a different opinion 证实;证明有理。例如:I have every confidence that this decision will be fully vindicated. 我完全相信这一决定的正确性将得到充分证明。3. uplifting adj. making you feel happier or giving you more hope 令人振奋的;鼓舞人心的;催人奋进的。例如:an uplifting experience/speech令人振奋的经历 / 演说4. mesmerize v. to have such a strong effect on you that you cannot give your attention to anything else 迷住;吸引QUESTIONSRead the statements. Then listen to the news and decide whether the statements are true (T) or false (F).1. The opening ceremony for the Tokyo Olympics is on the way.2. As with most of the events, the finale is taking place in a stadium with fans. 3. It was always a bit of a gamble to put these games on in the middle of a pandemic.4. There has been a huge outbreak of COVID inside the Olympic bubble. 5. There have been full of drama in these games. 6. Some records have been broken, and some countries have won medals for the first timeever in the Tokyo Olympics.KEY Read the statements. Then listen to the news and decide whether the statements are true (T) or false (F).(F) 1. The openingceremony for the Tokyo Olympics is on the way. (正确表达)The closingceremony for the Tokyo Olympics is on the way.(F) 2. As with most of the events, the finale is taking place in a stadium with fans.(正确表达)As with most of the events, the finale is taking place in a stadium without fans. (T) 3. It was always a bit of a gamble to put these games on in the middle of a pandemic.(F) 4. There hasbeen a huge outbreak of COVID inside the Olympic bubble. (正确表达)There hasn'tbeen a huge outbreak of COVID inside the Olympic bubble.(T) 5. There have been full of drama in these games. (T) 6. Some records have been broken, and some countries have won medals for the first timeever in the Tokyo Olympics.(封面图片来源于摄图网,版权归摄图网所有)

练习 | 神舟十二号载人飞船携三名宇航员升空

神舟十二号载人飞船携三名宇航员升空The Shenzhou-12 manned spacecraft took off with three astronauts刘立军 供稿TRANSCRIPTThis is AP News Minute.A rocket with three Chinese astronauts blasted off from the Gobi Desert on Thursday. They're heading to China's new orbiting space station for a three months stay.Texas Governor Greg Abbott revealed some new details about his plan to build more barriers on the US-Mexico border. He says he'll pay for them with $250-million in state funds plus crowd sourced financing.President Biden returned to the US after meeting with Russian President Vladimir Putin in Switzerland. The two agreed to return their ambassadors to Moscow and Washington in hopes of improving rocky relations.A California's power grid operator is calling for voluntary energy conservation on Thursday, as a dangerous heat wave bakes the West. The hot and extremely dry weather is making fire conditions especially dangerous in a number of western states.VOCABULARY1. orbit v. to move in an orbit (= a curved path) around a much larger object, especially a planet, star, etc. 沿轨道运行;围绕……运动。例如:The earth takes a year to orbit the sun. 地球绕太阳一周要一年的时间。2. grid n. (especially British English) a system of electric wires or pipes carrying gas, for sending power over a large area (输电线路、天然气管道等的)系统网络;输电网;煤气输送网。例如:the national grid (= the electricity supply in a country) 国家输电网QUESTIONSRead the passage. Then listen to the news and fill in the blanks with the information (words, phrases or sentences) you hear.This is AP News Minute.A (Q1) ___________ with three Chinese astronauts blasted off from the Gobi Desert on Thursday. They're heading to China's new (Q2) __________________________ for a three months stay.Texas Governor Greg Abbott revealed some new details about his plan to build more (Q3) ______on the US-Mexico border. He says he'll pay for them with $250-million in (Q4) __________ plus crowd sourced financing.President Biden returned to the US after meeting with Russian President Vladimir Putin in Switzerland. The two agreed to return their (Q5) _______________________ to Moscow and Washington in hopes of (Q6) _____________________________.A California's power (Q7) ____________________operator is calling for (Q8) ___________ energy conservation on Thursday, as a dangerous (Q9) ______________________ bakes the West. The hot and extremely dry weather is making (Q10) ____________________ especially dangerous in a number of western states.KEYRead the passage. Then listen to the news and fill in the blanks with the information (words, phrases or sentences) you hear.This is AP News Minute.A (Q1) rocket with three Chinese astronauts blasted off from the Gobi Desert on Thursday. They're heading to China's new (Q2) orbiting space station for a three months stay.Texas Governor Greg Abbott revealed some new details about his plan to build more (Q3) barriers on the US-Mexico border. He says he'll pay for them with $250-million in (Q4) state funds plus crowd sourced financing.President Biden returned to the US after meeting with Russian President Vladimir Putin in Switzerland. The two agreed to return their (Q5) ambassadors to Moscow and Washington in hopes of (Q6) improving rocky relations.A California's power (Q7) grid operator is calling for (Q8) voluntary energy conservation on Thursday, as a dangerous (Q9) heat wave bakes the West. The hot and extremely dry weather is making (Q10) fire conditions especially dangerous in a number of western states.(封面图片来源于摄图网,版权归摄图网所有)

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