双语阅读 | 为什么通勤16分钟是通往幸福之路的关键?

Why the key to happiness is a 16-minute commute?为什么通勤16分钟是通往幸福之路的关键? 王淑怡 供稿 Many people look forward to a lengthy work commute as it provides them with an opportunity to awaken their senses before entering the office and starting their workday. Others, however, prefer commutes under half an hour in length, as long ones make them feel drained and exhausted before even stepping foot into their place of work.许多人喜欢漫长的通勤时间,因为这可以让他们在到达办公室、开启一天的工作之前唤醒身体感官。然而,另一些人更喜欢通勤时间在半小时以内,因为长时间的通勤会让他们在到达办公室之前就已经筋疲力尽。 It’s perhaps not surprising that our commutes make us miserable. The UK’s Office for National Statistics has found that “commuters have lower life satisfaction, a lower sense that their daily activities are worthwhile, lower levels of happiness and higher anxiety on average than non-commuters”. In fact, if your commute takes longer than an hour, feelings of happiness decrease with every successive minute of travel. If a lengthy commute makes us unhappy, then it should follow that a shorter commute improves our happiness levels.通勤让我们苦不堪言,这也许并不奇怪。英国国家统计局调查发现“相比非通勤人员,通勤人员通常生活满意度较低、更不容易体会到日常活动的意义、幸福指数更低,而焦虑感更高”。事实上,如果你的通勤时间超过一小时,时间每增加一分钟,你的幸福感也会随之相应下降。既然漫长的通勤时间剥夺了我们的幸福感,那么就应该缩短通勤时间,以提高我们的幸福指数。 What’s the ideal commute that is necessary to ensure work efficiency and general happiness? Prepare to be surprised. It turns out that the ideal commute is actually not no commute at all. A study of more than 1,000 workers in San Francisco found that their ideal one-way commute was 16 minutes. Fewer than two per cent of people wanted a commute time shorter than four minutes, while only 1.2 per cent wanted no commute time at all.多少时间才称得上是理想的通勤,既能保证工作效率,又能确保整体幸福感?答案出乎人们的意料。研究表明理想的通勤并不是完全不需要通勤。通过对旧金山1000多名工人进行调查发现,他们理想中的单程通勤时间为16分钟。只有不到2%的人希望通勤时间小于4分钟,另外仅有1.2%的人希望完全避免通勤。 It seems that people do appreciate some separation between work and home – using the travel time as a psychological tool to decompress from the day. And it’s backed up by science. An increasing amount of research shows that ‘active commutes’, which involve walking or cycling, can make life better – even as important to wellbeing as a marriage or a pay rise.人们希望办公地点与住所能保持适当的距离,这样他们可以利用这段通勤时间缓解一天的心理压力。这在科学上是有根据的。现在越来越多的研究表明“积极通勤”(包括步行或骑单车)能够让生活变得更美好,其对于幸福的意义甚至如同婚姻或加薪一样重要。 If the ideal commute for most people is a 16-minute stroll each way, how should businesses respond? “Gone are the days of making employees spend unproductive time traveling to a central location and working to fixed hours that date back to Victorian times,” says Richard Morris, UK CEO at Regus. “Businesses of every size [should be] investigating flexible work options that enable employees to work closer to home and to vary their hours to better suit their circumstances.”如果大多数人理想的通勤时间是每天单程步行16分钟,那么企业对此如何回应呢?“自维多利亚时代以来,员工每天在路上花费一段毫无成果的时间前往中心区域并按照固定时间工作,这样的日子已经一去不复返了,”雷格斯英国首席执行官Richard Morris表示,“各种规模的企业[应该]研究可行的弹性工作制,使员工能够在离家较近的地方工作,并能改变自己的上班时间,以更好地适应的各自不同的生活状况。” If, as the ancient Athenian historian Thucydides suggests, “The secret to happiness is freedom”, the opportunity to choose where to work and how to get there could make all the difference to weary commuters across the world.古希腊历史学家修昔底德说:“幸福的秘诀是自由。”对于世界各地疲惫的通勤者来说,如果能够自己选择工作地点和通勤方式,那将具有非凡的意义。  【VOCABULARY】 1. drain v. 耗尽2. commuter n. 通勤者;每日往返上班者3. decompress v. 使减压;使解除压力4. stroll n. 漫步;闲逛5. unproductive adj. 非生产性的;徒劳的6. weary adj. 疲倦的;厌烦的 7. Athenian adj. 雅典的;雅典人的 (封面图片来源于摄图网,版权归摄图网所有)

双语阅读 | 握手礼节的来源

The origin of handshaking握手礼节的来源林晓洁供稿Handshaking seems like a gesture that has been around forever. Indeed, a throne base from the reign of ancient Assyria's Shalmaneser III in the 9th century BC clearly shows two figures clasping hands. As an ancient custom, the root of handshaking seems lost to the sands of time.握手作为一种打招呼的方式似乎一直都存在。确实,公元前9世纪亚述国王撒缦以色三世统治时期的宝座上就刻着两个人握手的图案。握手作为一种古老的习俗,随着时间的流逝,看起来似乎已经难寻根源。Historians who have pored over old etiquette books have noticed that handshaking in the modern sense of a greeting doesn't appear until the mid-19th century, when it was considered a slightly improper gesture that should only be used with friends.熟读礼仪典籍的历史学家注意到,握手作为现代问候方式直到19世纪中期才出现,当时握手被认为是一种有点不得体的姿势,只有在朋友之间才能使用。Traditionally, the origin of handshaking is often given to the Quakers. But as Dutch sociologist Herman Roodenburg—the chief authority for the history of handshaking—wrote in a chapter of an anthology called A Cultural History of Gesture, "More than in any other field, that of the study of gesture is one in which the historian has to make the most of only a few clues".传统上,人们通常认为贵格会信徒是最早用握手来打招呼的人。但荷兰社会学家赫尔曼·卢登伯格——研究握手史的权威人物——在选集《手势的文化历史》的一章中写道:“和其他领域相比,历史学家只能通过寥寥无几的线索来研究手势。”One of the earliest clues he cites is a 16th-century German translation of the French writer Rabelais's Gargantua and Pantagruel. When one character meets Gargantua, Rabelais writes (in one modern English translation), "he was greeted with a thousand caresses, a thousand embraces, a thousand good-days."他提到的最早的一个线索是16世纪法国作家拉伯雷的《巨人传》的德语译本。在现代英语译本中,当一个角色遇到卡冈都亚时,拉伯雷写道:“欢迎他的是一千个爱抚、一千个拥抱和一千个问候。”There's additional evidence for a handshaking tradition in that era: In 1607 the author James Cleland (believed to have been a Scotsman living in England) proclaimed that instead of things like bowing down to everyone's shoes and kissing hands, he'd rather "retain our good old Scottish shaking of the two right hands together at meeting".还有一个握手传统起源于那个年代的证据:1607年作家詹姆士·克雷兰德(据认为是生活在英格兰的一个苏格兰人)宣称,与其让他深深地鞠躬和亲吻别人的手,他宁愿“保持古老的苏格兰习俗,在会面时伸出右手相握”。A popular hypothesis suggests that Cleland's statements against bowing were actually a wish to go back to a potentially very traditional (though poorly recorded) method of greeting in Europe. As the centuries progressed, handshaking was replaced by more 'hierarchical' ways of greeting—like bowing. According to Roodenburg, handshaking survived in a few niches, like in Dutch towns where they'd use the gesture to reconcile after disagreements. Around the same time, the Quakers—who valued equality—also made use of the handshake. Then, as the hierarchies of the continent weakened, the handshake re-emerged as a standard greeting among equals—the way it remains today.一个流传较广的假说认为,克雷兰德反对鞠躬的声明其实是想重新采用欧洲传统的问候方式(尽管鲜有记载)。几百年间,握手被更为“等级化”的问候方式取代了——比如鞠躬。卢登伯格称,握手作为打招呼的方式在一些偏僻的地方保留了下来,比如荷兰的某些城镇居民会用握手来言和。大约在同一时期,重视平等的贵格会信徒也采用了握手的问候方式。随着欧洲大陆的等级制度被削弱,握手重新成为地位相同的人之间通用的打招呼方式,并一直延续至今日。As for why shaking hands was deemed a good method of greeting, rather than some other gesture, the most popular explanation is that it incapacitates the right hand, making it useless for weapon holding. In the 19th century it was argued that shaking hands without removing gloves was quite rude and required an immediate apology. One 1870 text explains that "this idea would also seem to be an occult remnant of the old notion that the glove might conceal a weapon."至于为什么是握手而非其他手势被视为一种打招呼的好方法,最普遍的解释是它占用了右手,使人无法持有武器。在19世纪,人们认为戴着手套握手是一种相当无礼的行为,需要立即为之道歉。1870年的一段文字解释说“这种想法似乎也是老观念的一种神秘延续,旧时认为手套可能会隐藏武器”。【VOCABULARY】1. reign n. 君主统治时期2. throne n. 王座3. etiquette n. 礼节4. hypothesis n. 假说5. hierarchical adj. 分层的6. reconcile vt. 使和解7. incapacitate vt. 使不能8. occult adj. 神秘的(封面图片来源于摄图网,版权归摄图网所有)

双语阅读 | 睡眠会如何影响心理健康?

How Does Sleep Affect Mental Health?睡眠会如何影响心理健康?王淑怡 供稿Insomniais a common problem throughout the world. According to estimates, it is believed to affect approximately 33% of the world’s population. Even people without chronicinsomnia often struggle with sleep problems. According to the United States Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (U.S. CDC), a third of adults in the U.S. report that they get less than 7 hours each night. Because of this, it is important to understand the potential impact that lack of sleep may have on health.失眠是全球普遍存在的问题。据估计,全世界大约有33%的人受到失眠的影响。即使没有慢性失眠的人也经常会出现睡眠问题。美国疾病控制和预防中心的数据显示,美国三分之一的成年人每晚的睡眠时间少于7小时。正因如此,了解睡眠不足对健康的潜在影响至关重要。The Relationship Between Sleep and Mental Health睡眠和心理健康的关系It’s no secret that sleep plays an important role in good physical and mental health. Sleep deprivation can leave you feeling irritable and exhausted in the short-term, but it can also have serious long-term health consequences as well. Lack of sleep is linked to a number of unfavorable health consequences including heart disease, type 2 diabetes, and depression.众所周知,睡眠对人们的生理和心理健康起着重要作用。睡眠不足会让人在短期内感到烦躁和疲惫,长期来看,也会对健康产生严重影响。睡眠不足和很多疾病息息相关,包括心脏病、Ⅱ型糖尿病和抑郁症等。Research suggests that the relationship between sleep and mental health is complex. While sleep disorderhas long been known to be a consequence of many psychiatric conditions, more recent views suggest that sleep problems can also worsen mental health problems.研究表明,睡眠和心理健康的关系十分复杂。长期以来,人们认为许多精神疾病会导致睡眠障碍,但最近的观点表明,睡眠问题也会加剧心理健康问题。How to cope with sleep disorders?如何应对睡眠障碍?The recommendations for treating poor sleep or sleep disturbancesare generally the same whether or not you have a psychiatriccondition. Preliminary approaches usually focus on lifestyle changes you can make. Avoiding sleep interrupters (such as caffeine, nicotine, and alcohol) and practicing good sleep habits are examples of lifestyle changes you can make that can help.无论是否患有精神疾病,治疗睡眠不佳或睡眠障碍的方法通常别无二致。可以从改变生活习惯做起,避免睡眠干扰物(如咖啡因、尼古丁和酒精等)和培养良好的睡眠习惯,这些生活方式的改变都有助于挽救你的睡眠。In addition to seeking help from medical professionals, there are also steps that you can take on your own to improve your sleep and well-being. Having good sleep hygiene is good for sleep health. Here are some things you can do:除了寻求专业医疗人士的帮助,还可以自行采取措施来改善睡眠和健康。培养良好的睡眠卫生习惯对睡眠健康大有裨益。这里有几个方法:Limit napping. Too much sleep during the day can have an effect on your ability to fall asleep at night. Naps of 20 to 30 minutes a day can help you feel more alert and rested without interrupting your nightly sleep.午睡时间不宜过长。白天睡眠时间过长会让你晚上难以入眠。每天小睡20到30分钟既能让你得到放松,又能让你更有精神,而且不会影响夜间的睡眠。Establish a nightly routine. Take a bath, read a book, or practice a few minutes of meditation to calm your body. Repeat these routines each night to help set the mood for a solid night’s sleep.养成固定的夜间作息。洗个澡,读本书,或者进行几分钟冥想,让身体平静下来。每天晚上重复这些事情能够帮助你营造安稳入睡的氛围。Avoid caffeine or stimulantstoo close to bedtime. Consuming coffee, soda, or other caffeinated products in the late afternoon or evening can make it difficult to fall asleep.避免晚间摄入咖啡因或其他含兴奋剂的食品。傍晚或夜间摄入咖啡、苏打水或其他含咖啡因的产品会让人难以入睡。Turn off your devices. Watching television or playing on your phone at bedtime can make it more difficult to relax and settle down for sleep. Try putting your phone in a different room and investing in a clock radio for your bedside table.关掉电子设备。睡前看电视或玩手机会让人难以放松下来入睡。试着把手机放到另一个房间,另外买一个带闹钟的收音机放在床头吧!Talk to a mental health professional if you suspect that your sleep problems might be caused by or contributing to a mental health condition. Depression, anxiety, and other psychiatric disorders can interfere with sleep – but addressing your sleep problems may also have a positive impact on your psychological symptoms.如果你怀疑自己的睡眠问题是心理健康疾病导致的,那么请咨询心理健康专家。抑郁、焦虑和其他精神疾病会影响睡眠,但解决睡眠问题也会对你的心理健康状况产生积极影响。【VOCABULARY】1.insomnian.失眠,失眠症2.chronicadj.慢性的,长期的3.diabetes n.糖尿病4.sleep disorder睡眠障碍,失眠5.disturbancen.(身体)不适,心神不安6.psychiatricadj.(与)精神病(有关)的7.stimulant n.兴奋剂(封面图片来源于摄图网,版权归摄图网所有)

练习 | 美国新生儿数量创40余年新低

US Births Drop to Lowest Level in More than 40 Years美国新生儿数量创40余年新低燕山大学 刘立军 供稿TRANSCRIPTU.S. health officials say the nation's birth rate in 2020 fell to its lowest level in more than 40 years.The rate fell 4 percent in 2020 to about 3.6 million babies, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) said in a new report. That is the lowest number of U.S. births since 1979.The CDC said it was the sixth year in a row that the U.S. saw a decrease in births after the last increase in 2014. The rate has dropped an average of 2 percent per year since 2015.The birth rate dropped for women in every major race and ethnicity, and in nearly every age group.The CDC said the U.S. fertilityrate - which measures the number of births per 1,000 women aged 15 to 44 - declined by 4 percent in 2020.U.S. births have been decreasing in younger women for many years, as many mothers started families later and had smaller families. Birth rates for women in their late 30s and in their 40s have slowly been increasing. But last year was different.The CDC's Brady Hamilton was the lead writer of the report. He said one of the most surprising results was the decrease in births even for older mothers.The CDC report was based on an examination of more than 99 percent of official birth records issued last year. The Associated Pressfound that births had fallen during the coronavirus pandemic by looking at 2020 data from 25 states.Experts say the pandemic was one likely cause of the drop in U.S. birth rates. Fears about COVID-19 and its effects on the economy may have caused many couples to rethink having a child.Many of the 2020 pregnancies, however, began well before the coronavirus pandemic. Hamilton said CDC researchers are working on a second report to explain the decrease.Lorna Thorpe is the director of epidemiologyat the Department of Population Health at New York University's Langone Hospital. She told Reuters that the latest birth rate drop was in keeping withthe downward trend seen in recent years. But she added that the change in 2020 was also linked to "pandemic-related reductions."Experts say the current generation in America is getting further away from having enough children to replace itself.Many European countries have also been experiencing birth rate drops and population experts have predicted major decreases in babies born across the continent this year.In Italy, births fell 22 percent in December 2020, nine months after the country went into Europe's first lockdown restrictions. Some large corporations, including Reckitt, Nestle and Danone, say lower birth rates also led to big sales drops in baby formula.I'm Dan Friedell.VOCABULARY1.ethnicityn.the fact of belonging to a particular race 种族渊源;种族特点。例如:Many factorsare important, for example class, gender, age and ethnicity.许多因素都很重要,如阶级、性别、年龄及民族。2.fertilityn.the state of being fertile能生育性3. epidemiology n.the scientific study of the spread and control of diseases 流行病学4. in keeping with: 和……一致,与……协调5.baby formulan.婴幼儿配方奶粉QUESTIONSRead the statements. Then listen to the news and decide whether the statements are true (T) or false (F).1. America's birth rate in 2020 fell to its lowest level since 1979.2. The CDC said it was the sixth year that the U.S. saw a decrease in births after the last increase in 2015.3. Birth rates for women in their late 30s and in their 40s have slowly been increasingexcept2021.4. According to the CDC, the births had fallen during the coronavirus pandemic by looking at 2020 data from 25 states.5. Many of the 2020 pregnancies, however, began well afterthe coronavirus pandemic. 6. Lorna Thorpe is the director of epidemiology at the Department of Population Health at New York University's Langone Hospital. 7. Experts say the current generation in America is getting further away from having enough children to replace itself.8. Many European countries have also been experiencing birth rate drops this year.9. In Italy, births fell 22 percent in December 2019.10. Italy is thefirst lockdown restrictionsin Europe. 11. Some large corporationssay lower birth rates also led to big sales drops in real estate.KEY Read the statements. Then listen to the news and decide whether the statements are true (T) or false (F).(T) 1. America's birth rate in 2020 fell to its lowest level since 1979.(F)2. The CDC said it was the sixth year that the U.S. saw a decrease in births after the last increase in 2015.(正确表达)The CDC said it was the sixth year that the U.S. saw a decrease in births after the last increase in 2014.(F)3. Birth rates for women in their late 30s and in their 40s have slowly been increasingexcept2021.(正确表达)Birth rates for women in their late 30s and in their 40s have slowly been increasingexcept2020.(F)4. According to the CDC, the births had fallen during the coronavirus pandemic by looking at 2020 data from 25 states.(正确表达)According to The Associated Press, the births had fallen during the coronavirus pandemic by looking at 2020 data from 25 states.(F)5. Many of the 2020 pregnancies, however, began well afterthe coronavirus pandemic.(正确表达)Many of the 2020 pregnancies, however, began well before the coronavirus pandemic. (T) 6. Lorna Thorpe is the director of epidemiology at the Department of Population Health at New York University's Langone Hospital. (T) 7. Experts say the current generation in America is getting further away from having enough children to replace itself.(T) 8. Many European countries have also been experiencing birth rate drops this year.(F)9. In Italy, births fell 22 percent in December 2019. (正确表达)In Italy, births fell 22 percent in December 2020.(T)10. Italy is thefirst lockdown restrictionsin Europe. (F)11. Some large corporationssay lower birth rates also led to big sales drops in real estate.(正确表达)Some large corporationssay lower birth rates also led to big sales drops in baby formula.(封面图片来源于摄图网,版权归摄图网所有)

练习 | 印度单日新增新冠肺炎死亡人数首破4千

India recorded for the first time more than 4,000 coronavirusdeaths in one day 印度单日新增新冠肺炎死亡人数首破4千燕山大学 刘立军 供稿TRANSCRIPTBBC News. Hello, I'm Tom Watts. India has recorded for the first time more than 4,000 deaths in one day from the coronavirus. There are fears that the actual number of deaths is much higher and that the current surge of infections, already over 400,000 a day, may not peak until the end of May. The BBC's Devina Gupta who's in Delhi says oxygen shortages are still causing problems. For now, hospitals claim India gets less than half of 700 metrictons that it requires to deal with the current crisis. Delhi's chief minister has so far said oxygen crisis is abatingin Delhi and there is being a crackdownonthose who have been holding oxygen kits and private entrepreneurs who have been selling them at a higher rate to the public, which is in need at the moment.VOCABULARY1.metric adj. 米制的;公制的2.abate v.(formal) to become less strong; to make sth. less strong (使)减弱,减退,减轻,减少3. crackdownon sb. / sth.:severe action taken to restrict the activities of criminals or of people opposed to the government or sb. in authority 严厉的打击;镇压。例如:a crackdown on crime对犯罪的严厉打击QUESTIONSRead the passage. Then listen to the news and fill in the blanks with the information (words, phrases or sentences) you hear.BBC News. Hello, I'm Tom Watts. India has recorded for the first time more than 4,000 deaths in one day from the (Q1) ________________. There are fears that the (Q2) ____________ number of deaths is much (Q3) ________________ and that the current (Q4) _____________ of infections, already over 400,000 a day, may not (Q5) _______________ until the end of May. The BBC's Devina Gupta who's in Delhi says (Q6) _____________________ are still causing problems. For now, (Q7) ________________ claim India gets less than half of 700 metric tons that it requires to deal with the current crisis. Delhi's chief minister has so far said (Q8) _____________ crisis is abating in Delhi and there is being a crackdown on those who have been holding oxygen kits and private (Q9) ___________________ who have been selling them at a higher rate to the public, which is (Q10) __________________ at the moment.KEY Read the passage. Then listen to the news and fill in the blanks with the information (words, phrases or sentences) you hear.BBC News. Hello, I'm Tom Watts. India has recorded for the first time more than 4,000 deaths in one day from the (Q1) coronavirus. There are fears that the (Q2) actualnumber of deaths is much (Q3) higherand that the current (Q4) surgeof infections, already over 400,000 a day, may not (Q5) peakuntil the end of May. The BBC's Devina Gupta who's in Delhi says (Q6) oxygen shortagesare still causing problems. For now, (Q7) hospitalsclaim India gets less than half of 700 metric tons that it requires to deal with the current crisis. Delhi's chief minister has so far said (Q8) oxygencrisis is abating in Delhi and there is being a crackdown on those who have been holding oxygen kits and private (Q9) entrepreneurswho have been selling them at a higher rate to the public, which is (Q10) in needat the moment.(封面图片来源于摄图网,版权归摄图网所有)

练习 | 苗条基因

Skinny Genes苗条基因燕山大学 刘立军 供稿TRANSCRIPTThis is Scientific American's 60-second Science. I'm Karen Hopkin.Do you have skinny genes? And I'm not talking about the pants you wore in college but can't fit into anymore. No, skinny genes are factors found in folks who are naturally svelte. And researchers have just identified one that appears to tell the body's adiposetissue to burn more fat."We all know these people who can eat whatever they want but never gain any weight."Josef Penninger is a geneticist at the University of British Columbia. He says that individuals who are effortlessly trim may hold the key to understanding obesity. See, scientists interested in learning how we control our weight have traditionally focused on the things that make you fat, like diet or metabolism..."But not really studied why people actually stay skinny. So we thought we'd just turn around the fields and study genetics of thinness."Penninger and his colleagues started out by searching a database maintained by a genomecenter in Estonia for its most slender registrants. And they weeded outpeople who were listed as having anorexiaor other conditions that alter body fat. Then they looked for genetic markers that track with these Skinny Petes.One gene, in particular, caught their eye: ALK, or the gene for anaplastic lymphoma kinase, is a stretch of DNA whose mutantform has been associated with human cancers."But its normal function had never been established."So the scientists made mutant fruit flies and mutant mice..."To really show that the gene associated with thinness in humans makes also flies and mice skinny. And that's exactly what we found."But the mutant gene doesn't cause the animals to eat less."We found that ALK acts in our brains and what it does: it allows our body to burn more calories per same food we eat."So the brain tells fat cells to burn more of the fat they have socked away."People, mice and, we believe, also flies stay skinny. So this mechanism is evolutionarily conserved from insects to humans and, wedobelieve, opens up an entirely new field of thinness."The study is in the journal Cell.There are already drugs that inhibitthe cancer-causing form of ALK, which means that ALK is what scientists call a druggable target."So maybe one day we can indeed develop a pill which keeps us thin."Thanks for listening for Scientific American's 60-second Science. I'm Karen Hopkin.VOCABULARY1.svelte adj.(of a person, especially a woman 人,尤指女子) thin and attractive 苗条的;身材修长的2.adiposeadj.(of body tissue 身体组织) used for storing fat 用于贮存脂肪的3. metabolism n.新陈代谢4. genomen.the complete set of genes in a cell or living thing 基因组;染色体组。例如:the human genome人体基因组5.weed out: 清除6.anorexia n.an emotional disorder , especially affecting young women, in which there is an abnormal fear of being fat, causing the person to stop eating, leading to dangerous weight loss (尤指年轻女子害怕肥胖而引起的)厌食,食欲缺乏,神经性厌食7.anaplastic lymphoma kinase间变性淋巴瘤激酶8.mutant adj. 因基因变异而不同的9. sock away: (North Amercian English) to save money 储存(钱);积攒(钱)10.inhibit v.to prevent sth. from happening or make it happen more slowly or less frequently than normal 阻止;阻碍;抑制QUESTIONSRead the statements. Then listen to the news and decide whether the statements are true (T) or false (F).1. Genes are factors found in folks who are naturally thin and attractive.2. Josef Penninger is a geneticist at the University of Columbia. 3. Penninger and his colleagues started out by searching a database maintained by a genome center inEstonia for its most slender registrants.4. ALK is a stretch of DNA whose mutant form has been associated with human cancers.5. ALK will not allow our body to burn more calories per same food we eat.6. Maybe one day we can indeed develop a pill which keeps us live long.KEY Read the statements. Then listen to the news and decide whether the statements are true (T) or false (F).(T) 1. Genes are factors found in folks who are naturally thin and attractive.(F) 2. Josef Penninger is a geneticist at the University of Columbia. (正确表达)Josef Penninger is a geneticist at the University of British Columbia. (T) 3. Penninger and his colleagues started out by searching a database maintained by a genome center in Estonia for its most slender registrants. (T) 4. ALK is a stretch of DNA whose mutant form has been associated with human cancers.(F) 5. ALK will not allowour body to burn more calories per same food we eat.(正确表达) ALK allowsour body to burn more calories per same food we eat.(F) 6. Maybe one day we can indeed develop a pill which helpsus live long.(正确表达)Maybe one day we can indeed develop a pill which keeps us thin.(封面图片来源于摄图网,版权归摄图网所有)

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