教学素材 | “将”=will?

教学素材 | “将”=will?
较易 4444

How to Translate "将" in English?

英语百宝箱:“将”=will 吗?

供稿人 刘彩娟

上次小编和大家分享了“‘充满’的花式表达”,后台收到一位来自云南的小伙伴的留言:“血书跪求多出这种系列的文章”。一直以来小编都是有求必应,因此特意为大家准备了今天这篇推文!

大家平时在写英语作文或者做翻译时,是不是经常需要传递“未来某件事情会发生”这样的信息呢?大家脑子里第一时间蹦出来的是不是“will”或者“would”?

其实英语中很多表达有异曲同工之妙,而且有时这些表达更贴合语境,语调也更悦耳!下面就和小编一起来看看吧!

语法篇

1. be about to do sth.
① I’m about to embark on a new journey. (Modern Family)
   我即将开始一段新的旅程了。
② Because I am about to die of thirst. (The Little Prince)
   因为我要渴死了。
③ Neither Boeing nor Airbus is about to go bust. (The Economist)
   波音公司和空中客车公司都不会破产

2. be going to do sth.
① They’re going to fight this tooth and nail.(House of Cards)
他们打算全力阻挠此事。
② Are you going to hit him? I’d totally beat him. (Modern Family)
你要去揍他吗?我绝对去揍他。
③ I am going to learn how to bake this summer.
今年夏天我要学习烘焙。

3. 移位动词现在进行时表将来——arrive/come/leave/return/travel 等等 
① I am leaving for Shanghai this Sunday.
   我这周日要去上海。
② Where are you travelling to?
   你要去哪里呀?

进阶篇

1. expect to do sth. / be expected to do sth.

expect 除了大家熟知的“期待”之意外,还有“预期/预计”的意思,用于表示客观上会发生某件事情的预计、预料,相当于will,不过 expect 多了一层“预测/推断”的意思。
① They are expected to pass ushering in some of the toughest laws in the US. (BBC)
   他们有望同意引入美国最严厉的法律。
② The auction, which drew four big operators, is expected to last several weeks. (The Economist)
   这场拍卖会吸引了四大运营商,预计将持续数周。
③ Light rail is expected to handle much of the Olympic traffic. (VOA)
  预计轻轨将承担奥运期间的大部分交通流量。
④ I expect to come back three days later.
   我预计三天后回来。

2. be scheduled to do sth. 
  schedule用作动词意为“to plan that something will happen at a particular time”, 中文意为“排定/预定”,指某件事情按计划将在未来某个时间点发生,因此也可以用来表示“将/将要”。
① The collision is scheduled to happen tonight. (CNN)
   撞击将于今晚发生。
② NBA games are scheduled to resume in three days. (CNN)
   NBA将在三天后复赛。

   be scheduled for release/publication/completion etc.
① Their first album is scheduled for release in September. 
   他们将于九月份发行首张专辑。
② The project is scheduled for completion in mid-2025.
该项目计划于2025年中旬结束。

3. be set to do sth. 
  “be set to do sth.”指准备好将要做某事。
① A trial was set to begin this week. (CNN)
   审判将于本周进行。
② That is when a new British law is set to go into effect. (VOA)
   届时英国一项新法律将生效。
③ With Africa’s population set to quadruple by the end of the century, this is not a theoretical question. (TED)
   本世纪末非洲人口将翻两番,届时这就不只是一个理论上的问题了。

4. be on the point of (doing) sth. 
  这个俗语意为“to be going to do something very soon”,指某事很快就要发生了。
① The train was on the point of starting.
   火车要开了。
② The steamer lay puffing alongside the quay, on the point of starting. (Around the World in 80 Days)
   停在码头边的轮船,烟囱里正冒着烟,即将起航。

以上就是有关“将/将要”的花式表达啦,请大家慢慢消化吸收!希望大家切记,有些时候确实需要will/would这样的表达。

不同的单词或短语功能不同、特质不同,使用的场合也就不同,请大家一定要注意使用的语境哦!

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  • 字数:364个
  • 易读度:较易
  • 来源:刘彩娟 2023-02-24