Chronic Diseases Do Affect Youth
It may seem odd to put “youth” and “chronic diseases” in the same category. Worldwide, not a significant number of young people currently suffer from chronic diseases such as diabetes, heart disease, stroke, cancer, and lung disease, so why worry?
The World Health Organization has made the answer abundantly clear. There is a global epidemic of non-communicable diseases (NCDs). And the four primary risk factors for these chronic diseases—tobacco, alcohol, lack of exercise, and poor nutrition—are typically initiated during adolescence or young adulthood, setting the stage for later disease.
Excessive smoking and alcohol
The younger an individual starts smoking and drinking, the greater the risk of addiction and chronic disease later in life. You can't always prevent high blood pressure, but giving up smoking and moderating your alcohol consumption can help.
Lack of exercise
In recent years, young people are also living a more sedentary lifestyle due to the increasingly convenient transportation system and the widespread use of electronic devices. More than 80% of global teens don't get at least one hour of daily exercise, according to a UN health agency study.
Excess intake of foods high in sugar and oil, as well as insufficient consumption of vegetables, fruits and soybean products are blamed for the unbalanced diet of young people.
What’s more, overwork is another factor. High stress and overwork have become accepted as a modern way of working. The problem though, is that overwork doesn't work and it's killing people. Many young people have the habit of staying up late, and some have to work overtime. As a result, they are unknowingly worn out. Our heart is beating all the time, but if we do not pay attention to rest and ensure adequate sleep time, the heart will be affected and eventually stop working. You have, if you're getting six hours of sleep or less, a 200% increased risk of having a fatal heart attack, or stroke in your lifetime.
However, the mounting burden of disease can be effectively contained if concerted efforts are devoted to changing these popular unhealthy habits. Health advocacy campaigns should also be rolled out to guide the public to adopt healthier eating habits and to work out more frequently.
1. chronic disease 慢性病
2. non-communicable disease (NCD) 非传染性疾病
3. intake n. （食物、饮料等的）摄取量
4. sedentary adj. 惯于久坐不动的
5. overwork n. 劳累过度；超负荷工作
6. work out 锻炼身体