练习 | 什么是冠状病毒?

练习 | 什么是冠状病毒?

2.3分钟 73085 113wpm
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什么是冠状病毒

燕山大学 刘立军 编写

 

【TRANSCRIPT】

What is coronavirus? 

 

This is a very large outbreak.

 

This is Dr. Bill Schaffner, I’m an infectious disease specialist and public health person.

 

Coronaviruses are a whole family of viruses. For the most part, they don’t cause any real clinical illness except the occasional cold. But you know, from time to time, there’s a rogue coronavirus that develops. We remember SARS 2002, 2003. And then there was another, the MERS virus, the Middle East Respiratory Syndrome virus. This new virus, like those other rogue viruses, probably was first transmitted to humans from animals. 

 

What are the symptoms?

 

So the symptoms resemble influenza. It’s a respiratory virus initially. And so you have fever, not feeling very well, cough and just feeling poorly. 

 

Is there a cure?

 

We don’t have a direct anti-coronavirus treatment. We can manage the patients through symptomatic care and supportive care, of course. And many patients already, the Chinese have said, have survived this infection.

 

How to stop the spread?

 

The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention have this top of the mind. They have deployed over a hundred people to New York, to San Francisco and Los Angeles. They will be screening people who are arriving from particularly Wuhan, China to see whether they are sick. 

 

So there are laboratories around the world, including our own national institutes of health, that are now, already working on developing a rapid diagnostic test and the other thing they’re doing is starting to work on a vaccine

 

The global community is really watching this with great care. And we in the United States definitely are on the alert and ready to respond.

 

【VOCABULARY】

1. rogue adj. behaving in a different way from other similar people or things, often causing damage 行为失常的;暴戾的。例如:a rogue gene 变异基因

2. respiratory adj. connected with breathing 呼吸的。例如:respiratory diseases 呼吸道疾病

3. symptomatic care:对症护理

4. vaccine n.(可数名词,不可数名词)a substance that is put into the blood and that protects the body from a disease 疫苗。例如:a measles vaccine 麻疹疫苗

5. on the alert:警戒着,随时准备着,密切注意着

 

【QUESTIONS】

Read the passage. Then listen to the news and fill in the blanks with the information (words, phrases or sentences) you hear.

 

What is coronavirus? 

 

This is a very large outbreak.

 

This is Dr. Bill Schaffner, I’m an (Q1)___________ disease specialist and public health person.

 

Coronaviruses are a whole family of viruses. For the most part, they don’t cause any real clinical illness except the (Q2)__________________. But you know, from time to time, there’s a rogue coronavirus that develops. We remember SARS 2002, 2003. And then there was another, the MERS virus, the Middle East Respiratory Syndrome virus. This new virus, like those other rogue viruses, probably was first (Q3)__________________ to humans from animals. 

 

What are the symptoms?

 

So the symptoms resemble (Q4)_______________. It’s a respiratory virus initially. And so you have (Q5)________________, not feeling very well, (Q6)______________ and just feeling poorly. 

 

Is there a cure?

 

We don’t have a direct anti-coronavirus treatment. We can manage the patients through (Q7)______________________________________, of course. And many patients already, the Chinese have said, have survived this infection.

 

How to stop the spread?

 

The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention have this top of the mind. They have deployed over a hundred people to New York, to San Francisco and Los Angeles. They will be screening people who are arriving from (Q8)___________________ Wuhan, China to see whether they are sick. 

 

So there are laboratories around the world, including our own national institutes of health, that are now, already working on developing a rapid (Q9)_________________ and the other thing they’re doing is starting to work on a (Q10)____________________. 

 

The global community is really watching this with (Q11)__________________. And we in the United States definitely are (Q12)_____________________ and ready to respond.

 

【KEY】

Read the passage. Then listen to the news and fill in the blanks with the information (words, phrases or sentences) you hear.

 

What is coronavirus? 

 

This is a very large outbreak.

 

This is Dr. Bill Schaffner, I’m an (Q1) infectious disease specialist and public health person.

 

Coronaviruses are a whole family of viruses. For the most part, they don’t cause any real clinical illness except the (Q2) occasional cold. But you know, from time to time, there’s a rogue coronavirus that develops. We remember SARS 2002, 2003. And then there was another, the MERS virus, the Middle East Respiratory Syndrome virus. This new virus, like those other rogue viruses, probably was first (Q3) transmitted to humans from animals. 

 

What are the symptoms?

 

So the symptoms resemble (Q4) influenza. It’s a respiratory virus initially. And so you have (Q5) fever, not feeling very well, (Q6) cough and just feeling poorly. 

 

Is there a cure?

 

We don’t have a direct anti-coronavirus treatment. We can manage the patients through (Q7) symptomatic care and supportive care, of course. And many patients already, the Chinese have said, have survived this infection.

 

How to stop the spread?

 

The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention have this top of the mind. They have deployed over a hundred people to New York, to San Francisco and Los Angeles. They will be screening people who are arriving from (Q8) particularly Wuhan, China to see whether they are sick. 

 

So there are laboratories around the world, including our own national institutes of health, that are now, already working on developing a rapid (Q9) diagnostic test and the other thing they’re doing is starting to work on a (Q10) vaccine

 

The global community is really watching this with (Q11) great care. And we in the United States definitely are (Q12) on the alert and ready to respond.

  • 时长:2.3分钟
  • 语速:113wpm
  • 来源:刘立军 2020-02-19