Making Domestic Demand the Main Engine Driving Growth

Making Domestic Demand the Main Engine Driving Growth
极难 1694

2014年两会工作重点:增强内需拉动经济的主引擎作用。(中英对照)

扩大内需是经济增长的主要动力,也是重大的结构调整。要发挥好消费的基础作用和投资的关键作用,打造新的区域经济支撑带,从需求方面施策,从供给方面发力,构建扩大内需长效机制。
Boosting domestic demand is both a major force driving economic important structural adjustment. We need to fully leverage the basic role of consumption and the key role of investment, foster new regional economic mainstay belts, stimulate both supply and demand, and establish a permanent mechanism for increasing domestic demand.

把消费作为扩大内需的主要着力点。通过增加居民收入提高消费能力,完善消费政策,培育消费热点。要扩大服务消费,支持社会力量兴办各类服务机构,重点发展养老、健康、旅游、文化等服务,落实带薪休假制度。要促进信息消费,实施“宽带中国”战略,加快发展第四代移动通信,推进城市百兆光纤工程和宽带乡村工程,大幅提高互联网网速,在全国推行“三网融合”,鼓励电子商务创新发展。维护网络安全。要深化流通体制改革,清除妨碍全国统一市场的各种关卡,降低流通成本,促进物流配送、快递业和网络购物发展。充分释放十几亿人口蕴藏的巨大消费潜力。
In working to increase domestic demand, we will focus on boosting consumption. We will enhance people's ability to consume by increasing their incomes, improve consumption policies, foster new areas of consumption and increase consumption of services. We will support nongovernmental investors in running various types of services, with the focus on elderly care, health, tourism, and culture, and implement the system of paid vacations. We will promote information consumption; implement China's broadband strategy; speed up the development of 4G mobile communications; build 100M fiber optic networks in cities and extend broadband connectivity to rural villages; greatly increase the speed of the Internet; deliver telecommunications, radio and television, and Internet services over a single broadband connection across the country; and encourage the creative development of e-commerce. We will safeguard cyber-security. We will deepen reform of distribution channels; remove all barriers to a nationwide unified market; cut distribution costs; and encourage development of logistics and delivery, express delivery services, and online shopping. We will fully tap the enormous consumption potential of more than a billion people.

把投资作为稳定经济增长的关键。加快投融资体制改革,推进投资主体多元化,再推出一批民间投资示范项目,优化投资结构,保持固定资产投资合理增长。中央预算内投资拟增加到4576亿元,重点投向保障性安居工程、农业、重大水利、中西部铁路、节能环保、社会事业等领域,发挥好政府投资“四两拨千斤”的带动作用。把培育新的区域经济带作为推动发展的战略支撑。深入实施区域发展总体战略,优先推进西部大开发,全面振兴东北地区等老工业基地,大力促进中部地区崛起,积极支持东部地区经济率先转型升级,加大对革命老区、民族地区、边疆地区、贫困地区支持力度。要谋划区域发展新棋局,由东向西、由沿海向内地,沿大江大河和陆路交通干线,推进梯度发展。依托黄金水道,建设长江经济带。以海陆重点口岸为支点,形成与沿海连接的西南中南、东北、西北等经济支撑带。推进长三角地区经济一体化,深化泛珠三角区域经济合作,加强环渤海及京津冀地区经济协作。实施差别化经济政策,推动产业转移,发展跨区域大交通大流通,形成新的区域经济增长极。海洋是我们宝贵的蓝色国土。要坚持陆海统筹,全面实施海洋战略,发展海洋经济,保护海洋环境,坚决维护国家海洋权益,大力建设海洋强国。
We will take investment as the key to maintaining stable economic growth. We will accelerate reform of the investment and financing systems; encourage more parties to make investment; launch more demonstration projects involving private investment; improve the investment structure; and maintain proper growth in fixed-asset investment. Budgetary investment of the central government will rise to 457.6 billion yuan, which will be mainly invested in government-subsidized housing, agriculture, major water conservancy projects, railways in the central and western regions, energy conservation, environmental protection and social programs. We hope that such government investment will attract more investment in these areas from other sources. We will make developing new regional economic belts a strategic step for stimulating development. We will energetically carry out the master strategy for regional development. We will give high priority to the large-scale development of the western region; fully revitalize old industrial bases in the northeast and other parts of the country; spur the rise of the central region; vigorously support the eastern region in taking the lead in transforming and upgrading the economy; and increase support to old revolutionary base areas, ethnic minority areas, border areas and poor areas. We will promote a new type of regional development, and extend development in a phased way from the eastern region to the western region, from coastal areas to the interior, and along major rivers and land transportation lines. We will build a new economic development belt along the Yangtze River. We will use major coastal and border ports as fulcrums to develop economic belts that connect the coastal areas with the southwest, central south, northeast and northwest. We will promote economic integration in the Yangtze River Delta, deepen economic cooperation in the pan-Pearl River Delta, and strengthen economic coordination in the Bohai Sea region and the Beijing-Tianjin-Hebei region. We will implement different economic policies in different regions, speed up relocation of industries, develop trans-regional transportation and goods distribution networks, and create new regional economic growth poles. The seas are our valuable national territory. We will steadfastly promote land and marine development in a coordinated way, fully implement China's marine strategy, develop the marine economy, protect the marine environment, resolutely uphold China's maritime rights and interests, and build China into a maritime power.
  • 字数:597个
  • 易读度:极难
  • 来源:互联网 2017-04-28