练习 | VOA慢速英语:友情比亲情更有益于身体健康

练习 | VOA慢速英语:友情比亲情更有益于身体健康

4.6分钟 1737 135wpm

友情比亲情更有益于身体健康。

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VOA慢速英语:友情比亲情更有益于身体健康
Are Friends Better than Family for Your Health?

燕山大学 刘立军 宋崴 编写

◆TRANSCRIPT


From VOA Learning English, this is the Health & Lifestyle report.

"You can choose your friends, but you can't choose your family." That line comes from American writer Harper Lee's book "To Kill a Mockingbird."

Now compare her words to another famous expression: "Blood is thicker than water." This means that family will always be with you while other people - with no blood connection - may come and go.

Having strong ties to family and friends has long been identified as an important part of being happy and healthy. People need people. However, if forced to choose which is more important, American researchers now say friendship is more important than family. Their new study suggests that friends may be more important than family members, especially as we age. The study comes from researchers at Michigan State University. They found the importance of friendship on health and happiness grows as people get older.

William Chopik is an assistant professor of psychology at Michigan State and was one of the lead researchers in this study. He says, "Friendships become even more important as we age." He adds that "keeping a few really good friends around can make a world of difference for our health and well-being." Chopik notes that we need to think of friendships as an investment in our future happiness.

The study

The Michigan State researchers considered information from two separate surveys. The first involved just over 271,000 subjects. They participated in a study on health and happiness.

The second survey had nearly 7,500 participants. Its purpose was to study "relationship support" in older adults suffering from chronic, or long-term, conditions.

In the first group, both family and friendships influenced overall health and happiness.

However, in the second, researchers said that friendships "became a stronger predictor of health and happiness" as people get older. Also in the second group, unhealthy friendships led to increased chronic conditions. But with supportive friends, Chopik noted, participants reported being happier.
One reason: people can keep the friendships that make them feel good and move on from the ones that don't. Family, on the other hand, will always be with you. They can be helpful and enjoyable, but can also cause troubles.

Chopik explained that "there are now a few studies starting to show just how important friendships can be for older adults."

In general, he said, they show that friendships affect our day-to-day happiness and how long we live more so than relationships with spouses and family.

Friendships, he added, keep us from being lonely. But keeping a friendship for a long time takes work.

"If a friendship has survived the test of time," he said, "you know it must be a good one, a person you turn to for help and advice" and a person you want in your life.

This may be good news for people who don't have strong ties with family members. Not all of us are born into the families we need. But we all have the ability to make the friendships that we need.

And that's the Health & Lifestyle report. I'm Anna Matteo.

Adapted from 友情比亲情更有利于身体健康

◆VOCABULARY

1.investment n. investment (in sth.) the act of investing money in sth. 投资。例如:
○to encourage foreign investment鼓励外国投资
○investment income投资收益
○This country needs investment in education. 这个国家需要对教育进行投资。

2.chronic adj. (especially of a disease 尤指疾病) lasting for a long time; difficult to cure or get rid of 长期的;慢性的;难以治愈(或根除)的。例如:
○chronic bronchitis/arthritis/asthma 慢性支气管炎 / 关节炎 / 哮喘
○the country's chronic unemployment problem该国长期存在的失业问题
○a chronic shortage of housing in rural areas农村地区住房的长期匮乏

◆QUESTIONS
Read the table. Then listen to the news and complete the table.

Topic

Are Friends Better than Family for Your Health?

Famous expressions

l You can choose your _________________, but you can't choose your ______________.

l  _________________ is thicker than __________________.

Introduction

Having strong ties to ____________________ has long been identified as an important part of being happy and healthy. People need people. However, if forced to choose which is more important, American researchers now say __________ is more important than ______________. Their new study suggests that ________________ may be more important than __________________, especially as we _____________. The study comes from researchers at Michigan State University. They found the importance of _______________ and _______________________________________.

Body

The Michigan State researchers considered information from _______________________________________.

l The first involved just over 271,000 subjects. They participated in a study on ___________________________.

l The second survey had nearly 7,500 participants. Its purpose was to study " __________________________________" in older adults suffering from chronic, or long-term, conditions.

l In the first group, both ____________________________ influenced overall health and happiness.

l However, in the second, researchers said that friendships "became a __________________________ of health and happiness" as people get older. Also in the second group, unhealthy friendships led to ___________________________. But with _________________, Chopik noted, participants reported being happier. One reason: people can keep the friendships that _____________________ and ___________ from the ones that don't. Family, on the other hand, will always be with you. They can be _________________________, but can also cause _____________.

l Chopik explained that "there are now a few studies starting to show just how important friendships can be for _______________________."

l In general, he said, they show that friendships affect our day-to-day happiness and how long we live more so than relationships with ______________.

l Friendships, he added, keep us from _____________________. But _______________________________________ takes work.

l "If a friendship has survived ___________________," he said, "you know it must be a good one, a person you turn to for __________________" and a person you want in your life.

Conclusion

This may be good news for people who don't have _____________________ with family members. Not all of us are born into the families we need. But we all have the ability to make the friendships that we need.




◆KEY

1. friends
2. family
3. Blood
4. water
5. family and friends
6. friendship
7. family
8. friends
9. family members
10. age
11. friendship on health
12. happiness grows as people get older
13. two separate surveys
14. health and happiness
15. relationship support
16. family and friendships
17. stronger predictor
18. increased chronic conditions
19. supportive friends
20. make them feel good
21. move on
22. helpful and enjoyable
23. troubles
24. older adults
25. spouses and family
26. being lonely
27. keeping a friendship for a long time
28. the test of time
29. help and advice
30. strong ties

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  • 时长:4.6分钟
  • 语速:135wpm
  • 来源:刘立军、宋葳 2017-09-14