练习 | VOA慢速:Meditation May Reduce Stress, Increase Focus

练习 | VOA慢速:Meditation May Reduce Stress, Increase Focus

1.2分钟 2231 124wpm

冥想可以缓解压力,提高专注力。

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VOA慢速:Meditation May Reduce Stress, Increase Focus
冥想可以缓解压力,提高专注力

燕山大学 刘立军 宋崴 编写

◆TRANSCRIPT


From VOA Learning English, this is the Health & Lifestyle report.

A mind filled with fear and bad thoughts is an unquiet mind. When you are worried, it can be hard to direct your attention on even a minor problem.

For some people, this can interfere with work, sleep and other activities. In others, it could lead to a serious mental disorder. People who suffer from anxiety, a nervous disorder, have unreasonable thoughts and fears about the future. Often they are unable to control these thoughts. They are also less able to deal with stress.

Two recent studies found that doing mindful meditation exercises can reduce signs of stress in people suffering from anxiety and make them more productive. The studies also showed that mindful meditation can lower a person's stress levels.

Adapted from 冥想可以缓解压力

◆VOCABULARY

1.interfere with sth.: to prevent sth. from succeeding or from being done or happening as planned 妨碍;干扰。例如:
○She never allows her personal feelings to interfere with her work. 她从不让她的个人感情妨碍工作。

2.mental disorder精神障碍; 精神病; 神经病; 神经错乱

3.mindful meditation

Meditation is a simple, low-cost way to help calm an unquiet brain. We can define mindful meditation as thinking quietly about what is going on in the present. You don't think about the past or the future. You think only about your own breathing and what you sense around you.

Should you start thinking about a future task or a past mistake, you simply tell your mind to stop and return to the here and now. Another part of mindful meditation is to let yourself experience any thoughts and feelings without judgment.

Around the world, the number of people reporting stress and anxiety is increasing. The World Health Organization says that between 1990 and 2013, the number of people suffering from depression and/or anxiety rose by nearly 50%. The WHO's website says this increased the number from 416 million to 615 million people.

This is not just a health issue, but also an economic one. WHO experts estimate that depression and anxiety disorders cost the world economy US$1 trillion each year. Stressed and anxious workers who can't stay focused are not productive.

◆QUESTIONS
Read the passage. Then listen to the news and fill in the blanks with the words you hear.


From VOA Learning English, this is the Health & Lifestyle report.

A mind filled with ______________________________ is an unquiet mind. When you are worried, it can be hard to ______________________________________________.

For some people, this can interfere with ____________________________________. In others, it could lead to ________________________________. People who suffer from anxiety, a nervous disorder, have ______________________________ about the future. Often they are unable to control these thoughts. They are also less able to _______________________________.

Two recent studies found that doing _____________________________ exercises can reduce signs of stress in people _________________________ and ______________________. The studies also showed that mindful meditation can ___________________________________.

◆KEY

1. fear and bad thoughts
2. direct your attention on even a minor problem
3. work, sleep and other activities
4. a serious mental disorder
5. unreasonable thoughts and fears
6. deal with stress
7. mindful meditation
8. suffering from anxiety
9. make them more productive
10. lower a person's stress levels

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  • 时长:1.2分钟
  • 语速:124wpm
  • 来源:刘立军、宋葳 2017-09-27