双语阅读 | 唐人街与中餐:美国华人的身份认同

Chinatown and Chinese Food: The Identity of Chinese Diaspora in U.S.胡锦源 供稿The term “overseas Chinese” derives its origin from the first mass migration from China during the mid-19th century. Following the discovery of gold in California in 1848, the first generation of Chinese immigrants arrived at the port of San Francisco and formed the oldest and largest Chinatown in the United States. The massive influx of immigrant population led to the friction between the local community and Chinese, giving rise to the discrimination and xenophobia that culminated in the Chinese Exclusion Act of 1882. The Act banned Chinese immigrants from becoming naturalized citizens and confined them to limited types of jobs. At that time, Chinatowns serve as an enclave of asylum for Chinese against the prevailing violence and injustice.“海外华人”一词源于19世纪中叶的首次大规模华人移民潮。受1848年加利福尼亚的淘金热影响,第一批华人移民抵达旧金山港口,在美国建立起了最古老、规模最大的唐人街。移民人口的大量涌入引发了当地社群与华人之间的摩擦,使得歧视与排外之风盛行,并最终导致了1882年《排华法案》的颁布。该法案剥夺了华人移民成为入籍公民的权利,并限制了他们所能从事的工作类别。那时,唐人街成为了海外华侨的庇护所,保护他们免受当时盛行的暴力与不公侵害。The last century witnessed the transformation of the pattern and functions of Chinatowns as the population of American Chinese increased and grew diversified due to the changes in immigrant legislation and global policies. Different from their parents who remained politically and culturally loyal to their homeland, the American-born second-generation Chinese Americans were less likely to pledge alliance to their motherland. The fact that being a Chinese often meant being ostracized and abused made them oscillate between the identities they were born with and they identify with themselves. Growing up outside the Chinese communities and lacking contact with Chinese people and culture, they had to search for their identity in a land where they seemed to be in between two worlds. It is Chinatowns that helped them retrieve their cultural heritage and embark on a journey of self-discovery. They once served as the safe havens for the newly arrived Chinese immigrants. Now they are places as well as concepts, expressing a desire to go back to find those things that make up the culture and identity of Chinese expatriates.上个世纪以来,随着移民法案和全球政策的变化,美国华人的人口数量增加,组成也更为多元,唐人街的模式和功能也历经了转型。第一代美国华人对自己的祖国仍存有政治和文化上的归属感,不同的是,出生在美国的第二代华人与祖国之间并没有深厚的情感联系。由于身为中国人常常意味着受到排挤和屈辱,他们会在与生俱来的身份和自己认同的身份之间摇摆不定。他们的成长环境远离华人社区,缺少与华人与中国文化的接触,不得不在两个世界的缝隙间探索自我身份。正是唐人街帮助他们重新认识了故土的文化遗产,踏上追寻自我的旅途。唐人街曾是刚刚踏上新土地的华人移民的避风港,而如今,唐人街不仅是一个具象的地点,也是一个抽象的概念,寄托了海外华侨追寻自身文化和身份认同的愿望。Apart from serving the practical needs of Chinese community, Chinatowns are a primary means through which Chinese-style foods have been introduced and sustained in the United States. As Chinese cuisine thrives in the United States, American Chinese continue to negotiate their ethnic identities through food, carrying with them their cultural values and traditions while adapting themselves into American society. The ubiquity of Chinese restaurants in the United States reflects the degree to which Chinese food has transformed the American palate. In addition, restaurateurs and chefs are constantly negotiating between new flavors and accommodating the American stomach. The mix of Chinese spices and cooking methods with American ingredients shows how American Chinese are immersed in both Chinese and American values and culture. For those who grew up eating dishes such as orange chicken, crab Rangoon, and General Tao’s Chicken, their taste of home is American Chinese food, which is a sign of a cultural identity remaining in a state of flux. Its abiding appeal demonstrates how culture keeps itself alive through dynamic, diverse, and transformative interactions.唐人街不仅解决了华人团体的实际需求,也是中餐打入美国市场并经久不衰的主要手段。随着中餐业在美国蓬勃发展,美国华人持续通过食物进行民族身份的交流与互动,一边保留了自身的文化价值和传统,一边融入美国社会。在美国,中餐馆的无处不在也反映了中餐影响美国人口味的程度。中餐馆经营者在不断推出新口味的同时也顾及到了美国人的喜好。将中国的香辛料和烹饪方法与美国的食材融合的做法体现了美国华人如何同时受到了中美两种价值和文化的熏陶。对于那些吃着陈皮鸡、炸蟹角和左宗棠鸡长大的人来说,家乡的味道其实就是美式中餐——这一承载着不断变化的文化身份的符号。美式中餐持久的吸引力展现了文化如何通过动态、多样和新颖的互动方式维持着源源不断的生命力。Vocabularyxenophobia n. 排外心理culminate v. 告终ostracize v. 排挤oscillate v. 摇摆ubiquity n. 无处不在

双语阅读 | 坏小孩是怎样“炼”成的

坏小孩是怎样“炼”成的What are the Causes of Bad Behavior in Children?王淑怡 供稿The Bad Kids, which is based on a Chinese novel of the same name written by Zi Jinchen, became the most talked-about Chinese television drama in this summer. The suspense thriller revolves around three teenagers who unwittingly records a murder and how the incident upends the lives of several families.《隐秘的角落》无疑是今年夏天讨论热度最高的国产悬疑剧。该剧改编自紫金陈的同名小说,讲述了三名少年无意间拍摄到一桩命案,几个家庭的生活由此发生了天翻地覆的变化。It doesn’t shy away from weighty social issues, zeroing in on the importance of a child’s upbringing to the development of their character and moral compass. The protagonist, Zhu Chaoyang, whose dark streak is exacerbated by loneliness, run-ins with bullies, and intense pressure from his mother to excel in school, is also largely ignored by his father. The other main characters, Yan Liang and Pu Pu, were raised in an orphanage and then escape to Chaoyang’s city in search of funds to cure the leukemia of Pu Pu’s younger brother. All three kids come from broken families that cannot provide them with attention, affection or security that other children enjoy.该剧并没有回避复杂沉重的社会问题,而是聚焦家庭教育对儿童的性格塑造和道德发展方面的影响。主角朱朝阳内心的阴暗面因一系列问题而不断激化:孤独、遭到霸凌、母亲在学业方面向其施加的巨大压力以及父亲长期以来对他的忽视。另外两个主人公严良和普普从小在孤儿院长大,从孤儿院逃出来之后来到朱朝阳所在的城市,给普普患白血病的弟弟筹钱治病。三个孩子各自都有着支离破碎的原生家庭,缺乏关爱,也无法像其他孩子那样获得安全感。According to psychologist Jonice Webb, childhood emotional neglect happens when a parent fails to respond to a child’s emotional needs. It may sound like nothing, but actually it can have as great an impact upon a child as abuse. Without any doubt,Zhu Chaoyang’s parents have greatly neglected their kid’s emotional needs. His father prefers spending time with his new wife and daughter. And his controlling mother, who divorced from a cheating husband, places all her hopes on her son and sees education the only way to armor his son against this harsh world.心理学家乔尼斯·韦伯曾提出童年期情感忽视(CEN)这一概念,指父母对于孩子的情感需求没能做出充分的回应。童年期情感忽视似乎听起来不足一提,但实际上,它对孩子所造成的影响甚至不亚于家庭暴力。毫无疑问,朱朝阳的父母在很大程度上忽视了孩子的情感需求。父亲再婚组建了新的家庭后,他的爱早已倾斜给了新的妻子和女儿。而朱朝阳的母亲在经历了丈夫的背叛后,变得控制欲极强,把全部的希望寄托在了儿子身上,认为教育才是在这个残酷世界立足的唯一出路。The television drama simply asks questions about who should be responsible for the actions of the bad kids, and how the traumatic experiences in the childhood are forcing out the dark sides of their personalities. Alfred Adler once said, “Lucky people are healed by their childhoods their whole lives, while unlucky people spend their whole lives healing from their childhoods.” For kids, the miserable experiences caused by their main family members could have a lasting traumatic impact on their whole lives. Therefore, parents should ensure the emotional health of their kids, providing appropriate emotional support and guidance so as to give them a happy childhood.看完这部电视剧,人们不禁会思考,到底谁才应该为坏小孩的行为负责?童年时期的悲惨经历是如何激起儿童性格中隐藏的阴暗面的?阿尔弗雷德·阿德勒曾说:“幸运的人一生都在被童年治愈,不幸的人一生都在治愈童年。”对于孩子来说,原生家庭的伤痕可能一辈子都难以抹去。因此,家长们应尽可能确保孩子的心理健康,为其提供一定的情感支持和引导,给孩子一个幸福的童年。Wish there will be no more bad kids.愿世间自此再无坏小孩。Vocabulary:streak n.(尤指不好的)性格特征zero in on 集中精力于;瞄准目标于protagonist n.(戏剧、电影、书的)主要人物,主人公,主角orphanage n.孤儿院run-in n.争论,争吵,冲突Leukemia n.白血病Childhood Emotional Neglect (CEN) 童年期情感忽视

双语阅读 | 美国的总统选举制度,你真的了解吗?

The US Electoral College美国选举人团制度林晓洁 供稿The United States is the only country that selects its president using a system called the Electoral College. With the 2020 US presidential election becoming a hotly debated topic recently, let’s learn more about the Electoral College, including its process, significance and historical origin.美国是全球唯一采用“选举人团制度”选举总统的国家。当前,2020美国大选已成为热门话题,让我们一起来了解选举团的流程、意义以及它的历史来源吧!What is the Electoral College?什么是选举人团制度The Electoral College is a unique system by which the president and vice president of the United States are chosen. It was devised by the framers of the United States Constitution. The Electoral College was never intended to pick the “perfect” president, but to provide a method of election that is feasible, desirable, and consistent with a republican form of government.选举人团制度是美国特有的一种选举总统及副总统的方式。它是由美国宪法的立宪者制定的,其目的并不是选出一名最“完美”的总统,而是设立一种能够与共和政体相互配合的灵活选举制度。How does the Electoral College work?选举人团制度是如何运作的?Every four years, the system calls for the creation of a temporary group consisting of 538 electors. Each state gets the same number of delegates as their Congressional representatives. Technically, it is these electors, but not the American people, who vote for the president. In modern elections, the first candidate to get 270 of the 538 total electoral votes wins the White House. Most States have a “winner-take-all” system that awards all electors to the Presidential candidate who wins the state's popular vote. This is also why, every so often, someone wins the presidency without winning the popular vote on a national scale.每隔四年,来自各州的538名代表组成选举人团,各州代表人数与该州在国会的参、众议员人数相等。严格来说,正是由这些选举人而非普通选民,投票选出美国总统。在现代大选中,首先得到270张选举人票的总统候选人将赢得选举。大多数州实行“赢家通吃”的策略,赢得某个州普选的候选人将获得该州全部的选举人票。这也是许多总统候选人在全国普选总票数落后的情况下,仍能竞选成功的原因。How was the Electoral College created?选举团制度的来源Historians have suggested a variety of reasons for the adoption of the Electoral College, including concerns about the separation of powers and the relationship between the executive and legislative branches, the balance between small and large states, slavery, and the perceived dangers of direct democracy. In fact, Electoral College is a compromise between a popular vote by citizens and a vote in Congress.历史学家们提出了一系列关于美国设立选举人团的原因。其中包括对权力分立、行政权与立法权的平衡、大小州的平衡、奴隶制以及直接民主的潜在危险等不同方面的考量。事实上,选举人团制度是公民普选以及国会选举之间的一种折中方案。At the time of the Philadelphia convention, no other country in the world directly elected its chief executive, so the delegates were wading into uncharted territory. Further complicating the task was a deep-rooted distrust of executive power. After all, the fledgling nation had just fought its way out from under a tyrannical king and overreaching colonial governors. They didn’t want another despot on their hands.在费城制宪会议召开之时,世界上没有任何一个国家的首脑是通过直接选举产生的。因此,制宪者们是在开辟一条全新的发展道路。他们对行政权力根深蒂固的不信任,使得总统选举的流程更加复杂。毕竟,这个羽翼未丰的国家刚刚摆脱了残暴的国君和蛮横的殖民总督统治,不希望自己手中又出现一个暴君。One group of delegates felt strongly that Congress shouldn’t have anything to do with picking the president. There’re simply too many opportunities for chummy corruption between the executive and legislative branches.一些制宪代表强烈认为国会不应与总统选举有任何关系。因为当行政部门和立法部门的关系过于密切时,腐败就容易产生。Another camp was dead set against letting the people elect the president by a straight popular vote. First, they thought 18th-century voters lacked the resources to be fully informed about the candidates, especially in rural outposts. Second, they feared a headstrong “democratic mob” steering the country astray. And third, a populist president appealing directly to the people could command dangerous amounts of power.而另一些代表则坚决反对让人民直接投票选出总统。首先,他们认为18世纪的选民,尤其是农村边远地区的人民,缺乏对总统候选人的充分了解。其次,他们担心部分顽固的“民主暴民”会将国家引向歧途。第三,一个深得民心的民粹主义总统可能会掌握过多的权力,将国家带入危险。Out of those drawn-out debates finally came with a compromise based on the idea of electoral intermediaries. These intermediaries wouldn’t be picked by Congress or elected by the people. Instead, the states would each appoint independent “electors” who would cast the actual ballots for the presidency.经过旷日持久的辩论,制宪者们最终达成了一项基于“选举中间人”的妥协方案。这些选举中间人不由国会挑选或人民选举产生。相反,各州将各自任命独立的“选举人”,由他们实际投票选举总统。But determining exactly how many electors to assign to each state was another sticking point. Here the divide was between slave-owning and non-slave-owning states. It was the same issue that plagued the distribution of seats in the House of Representatives: should or shouldn’t the Founders include slaves in counting a state’s population?但是,每个州应该分配多少选举人票也是一个关键问题。分歧主要存在于奴隶主州和非奴隶主州,这和困扰众议院席位分配的问题是一样的: 一个州的人口该不该将奴隶算上?The result was the controversial “Three-Fifths Compromise,” in which enslaved black people would be counted as three-fifths of a person for the purpose of allocating representatives and electors and calculating federal taxes. The compromise ensured that Southern states would ratify the Constitution and gave Virginia, home to more than 200,000 slaves, a quarter of the total electoral votes required to win the presidency.最后的结果是极具争议性的“五分之三妥协”。在该妥协中,黑人奴隶被算作五分之三的个人,以分配代表和选举人席位以及计算联邦税收。这一妥协确保了南方各州批准宪法,并使拥有20多万奴隶的弗吉尼亚州获得四分之一的总选举人票。Why does US still use the Electoral College today?为什么美国还在使用选举团制度So why does the Electoral College still exist, despite its contentious origins and awkward fit with modern politics?选举团制度的起源极具争议,且与现代政治格格不入。为什么美国至今还选用这种制度呢?Fundamentally, the party in power typically benefits from the existence of the Electoral College, and the minority party has little chance of changing the system because a constitutional amendment requires a two-thirds supermajority in Congress plus ratification by three-fourths of the states. Plus, the old-school electoral system has its benefits. With the Electoral College, for example, there’s no chance of a run-off election or a protracted national recount. That will make things much easier. The complicated situation we have witnessed so far during the 2020 presidential election, however, put a question mark on the fairness and validity of the system.究其根本,这是因为执政党通常会从现存的选举人团制度中获益,而少数党几乎没有机会改变这一制度,因为宪法修正案需要国会三分之二的绝对多数以及四分之三州的批准。此外,老式的选举制度也有它的好处。例如,有了选举团制度,就不用再进行决胜选举,也无需进行旷日持久的全国重新计票。这就为总统选举省下了许多麻烦。然而,2020年我们所目睹的选举之复杂情形,又给该制度的公平性和效度打上了问号。【Vocabulary】1. fledgling adj. 新的;无经验的2. despot n. 专制君主,暴君;独裁者3. chummy adj. 亲密的;合得来的4. populist adj. 民粹主义的5. astray adv. 误入歧途地;迷途地6. headstrong adj. 任性的;顽固的;刚愎的7. intermediary n. 中间人;仲裁者;调解者8. protractedadj. 延长的;拖延的;持久的

练习 | VOA慢速:美国上千万租客面临被驱逐风险

VOA慢速:美国上千万租客面临被驱逐风险燕山大学 刘立军 供稿【TRANSCRIPT】Tiana Caldwell of Kansas City, Missouri is one of millions of Americans who face being moved out of their homes by the end of the year.This kind of forced removal is a result of the economic problems and job losses caused by the coronavirus outbreak. That information comes from the National Low Income Housing Coalition, a national housing group.Caldwell lost her job and was in treatment for cancer when she and her family were evicted in 2019."We were doing good, and then I got cancer again. So, I was actively in treatment when we were being evicted. It was a bad experience."Caldwell is now unemployed and has a hard time paying rent - money paid for the use of a property. She is organizing protests with KC Tenants, a group that supports affordable housing in Kansas City, Missouri.Facing evictionKC Tenants Director Tara Raghuvee told VOA that nearly 50 percent of renters in the state of Missouri are at risk of eviction because they cannot pay their rent."Tens of thousands of renters in the state of Missouri were paying over 50% of their income to rent before the pandemic, and now hundreds of thousands are unemployed or have been unemployed through some period of this pandemic."Federal assistanceMany Americans have been receiving financial assistance through state and federal unemployment payments. But the federal assistance of $600 a week ended in late July. Activists say that millions of people are in danger of not being able to pay their rent.Housing rights supporters are calling for rent aid and an extension of eviction prevention measures.Gina Chiala heads the Heartland Center for Jobs and Freedom. The group provides legal advice about housing to poor workers in Kansas City, Missouri. Chiala said the federal government should find permanent ways to deal with housing problems for the poor.Chiala and other housing activists want property owners to work with their tenants to negotiate lower payments when possible.About 40 percent of the nation's rental properties are owned by independent landlords. Many cannot take the losses from unpaid rent.Tracey Benson is president and founder of the National Association of Independent Landlords. The association provides help and support to its 200,000 members nationwide.Benson said her organization is getting calls from concerned landlords all the time. She said they are worried about losing not only their rental properties but their own homes.Kathy Phillips is an association member in North Carolina. She owns 10 rental properties that she depends on as her only way to make a living. One of her renters has been falling behind on rent payments."She's a single parent and I don't feel comfortable evicting a single parent in this climate."Phillips offered her at-risk renter a 50 percent reduction on her rent for three months. She does not expect her to repay the difference.Phillips also said she believes the federal government needs to do more for both renters and landlords."I don't think there's a lot of answers until we have income for all these unemployed people," she said.I'm Jonathan Evans.【VOCABULARY】1. removal n. (British English) an act of taking furniture, etc. from one house to another 搬迁;迁移。例如:house removals 搬家2. evict sb. (from sth.): to force sb. to leave a house or land, especially when you have the legal right to do so (尤指依法从房屋或土地上)驱逐,赶出,逐出。例如:A number of tenants have been evicted for not paying the rent. 许多房客因不付房租被赶了出来。3. permanent adj. lasting for a long time or for all time in the future; existing all the time 永久的;永恒的;长久的。例如:a permanent job 固定工作4. climate n. a general attitude or feeling; an atmosphere or a situation which exists in a particular place 倾向;思潮;风气;环境气氛。例如: We need to create a climate in which business can prosper. 我们需要创造一个有利于生意兴隆的环境气氛。【QUESTIONS】Read the statements. Then listen to the news and decide whether the statements are true (T) or false (F).1. The forced removal is a result of the economic problems and job losses caused by the economic depression.2. Caldwell is now unemployed and has a hard time paying rent.3. Nearly 50 percent of renters in Missouri are at risk of eviction because they cannot pay their rent.4. Many Americans have been receiving financial assistance through state and federal unemployment payments.5. Housing rights supporters are calling for rent aid and an extension of eviction prevention measures.6. Chiala and other housing activists want the federal government to work with their tenants to negotiate lower payments when possible.7. About 50 percent of the nation's rental properties are owned by independent landlords.8. The National Association of Independent Landlords provides help and support to its 200,000 members worldwide.9. Phillips believes the local government needs to do more for both renters and landlords.【KEY】Read the statements. Then listen to the news and decide whether the statements are true (T) or false (F).(F) 1. The forced removal is a result of the economic problems and job losses caused by the economic depression.(正确表达)The forced removal is a result of the economic problems and job losses caused by the coronavirus outbreak.(T) 2. Caldwell is now unemployed and has a hard time paying rent.(T) 3. Nearly 50 percent of renters in Missouri are at risk of eviction because they cannot pay their rent.(T) 4. Many Americans have been receiving financial assistance through state and federal unemployment payments.(T) 5. Housing rights supporters are calling for rent aid and an extension of eviction prevention measures.(F) 6. Chiala and other housing activists want the federal government to work with their tenants to negotiate lower payments when possible.(正确表达)Chiala and other housing activists want property owners to work with their tenants to negotiate lower payments when possible.(F) 7. About 50 percent of the nation's rental properties are owned by independent landlords.(正确表达)About 40 percent of the nation's rental properties are owned by independent landlords.(F) 8. The National Association of Independent Landlords provides help and support to its 200,000 members worldwide.(正确表达)The National Association of Independent Landlords provides help and support to its 200,000 members nationwide.(F) 9. Phillips believes the local government needs to do more for both renters and landlords.(正确表达)Phillips believes the federal government needs to do more for both renters and landlords.

练习 | VOA慢速:疫情下的教学

VOA慢速:疫情下的教学燕山大学 刘立军 供稿【TRANSCRIPT】Teachers everywhere are facing the new school term with one big problem: how to teach students safely in the middle of a worldwide pandemic.Hamisu Hamisu Haruna teaches English at Al-Qalam University in Katsina, Nigeria. He says that when the pandemic came, he did not hesitate, or slow down, to make changes to the way he was teaching."I believe one thing that everything imaginable is attainable, and there's no word, 'impossible.' What matters is trying. You try and try until you get the right thing. So, although progress is coming steadily, but surely nothing is impossible for me. And that's why when this issue of coronavirus came and all lives are shifted to online, I didn't hesitate starting it."Haruna added that he told other educators about online programs, occupationaltraining, and conferences to help them move their teaching online. He himself learned new skills from the U.S. State Department's E-Teacher program. It offers free online classes for teachers outside the United States in cooperation with U.S. colleges and universities.One of the biggest problems with going online in Nigeria is the cost of data for cellular phone users. Haruna noted that one way teachers deal with that problem is by combining two methods of giving lessons. One is synchronouslearning–where the teacher and students are present together online at the same time. That is in addition to, and helps support, asynchronouslearning– where the student goes online to get the teacher's lesson at a later time."And in order to come up with a solution to the problem of that high cost of data, we usually use WhatsApp platform by recording our lectures and sending the lecture to them."Haruna said that after teachers record two lectures and publish the recordings online, they often use video conferencing to talk with students."For example, we use both synchronousand asynchronousonline learning. We use Zoom as part of the synchronousone where we schedule meetings with the students just for 30 minutes to serve as a discussion meeting. And the purpose of organizing, of scheduling this meeting is just for the students and the teacher to interact by asking questions. They can use the 30 minutes to ask the question to the teacher and the teacher can easily respond."Haruna reports that both students and their parents have reacted well to this method of teaching."So, by so doing we were able to achieve quite a lot and the students are really following the classes. And they are really appreciatingthe classes because it serves as something which is new to them. And they really accept it. And even the parents also contribute immensely by cooperating. Some parents even used to give their children their phone for them to use for the sake ofthe classroom."Another teacher who took part in the E-Teacher program is Egypt's Shereen Mohamed. She records her classes by using an interactive device at school. Then, students have two ways to get the teaching materials. They can watch them on YouTube, or for those lacking an internet connection, the school provides a compact disc (CD) or a data storage device with the recordings.To make sure her students are learning, Mohamed says they have to take tests that she creates on the Quia website or on Quizlet. Yet she warns that it is not wise to only use these online platforms."I think it will be very difficult to make some assessment for my students. They must have some exams, real exams, to evaluate their progress. How can I evaluate it online? It will be very difficult, but I think I should send them an interactive worksheet to answer it during the online session to check their understanding. If it is difficult to answer the questions, I should return back to the lesson and re-present or make a different presentation about the item."In the new term, Mohamed plans to use Flipgrid, an app that can help students make videos to share with their teachers and classmates. She hopes this software program will give students a chance to talk about the things they are learning.The head teacher at Mohamed's school has asked her to train other teachers in using technology for their classes.In the Philippines, the new school term has been delayed until October 5. Glen Cortezano teaches at the Los Baos campus of Laguna State Polytechnic University. She said she led an online class to help teachers move "to the new normal.""We know that learning should never stop, right, and we should always find ways, we always find ways, even if we cannot meet face to face."She added that her university is using a modularapproach to educate students who have no internet at all.Cortezano is part of a team of Curriculum Checkers. They examined the education program of all the teachers."We will be checking the objectives, the activities, the strategies, the lecture, the assessment. We reached out to our students and we had this survey:Who among our students do have the Internet access? Who among our students did not have? And ouruniversity will be printing all our modules and they will also be responsible to deliver the modules to our students wherever they are."The biggest problem, Cortezano says, is organizing classes that require special skills or equipment."How about the physical education subject? How can you teach swimming? How can you teach sports, dancing, and in laboratory, we have baking, and we also have food, nutrition and dietetics. So, we were asked to give only the theories. It's actually difficult to ask them to do the experiment at home!"The teachers worked together to create lesson plans for all their classes and have sent them to be reproduced and given to students. When it is time to return their work, students drop offeach lesson at a government office, where it is sent to the university.Glen Cortezano, Shereen Mohamed, and Hamisu Hamisu Haruna have all completed the U.S. State Department's E-Teacher Program.They lead training programs on using technology for teaching online.For more information on the next 8-week summer program and events in the coming year, contact the U.S. Embassy near you.I'm Jill Robbins.【VOCABULARY】1.occupationaladj. connected with a person's job or profession 职业的。例如:occupational health职业健康2. synchronousadj.happening or existing at the same time 同时发生(或存在)的;同步的;共时的3. asynchronousadj. (formal) (of two or more objects or events 两个或多个物体或事情)not existing or happening at the same time不同时存在(或发生)的;非共时的4.appreciatev.to recognize the good qualities of sb./sth. 重视。例如:Her family doesn't appreciate her.她的家人不重视她。5.for the sake of 为了6. modular adj. (尤指英国大学里的课程)consisting of separate units from which students may choose several分单元的(由独立单元组成,学生可选修)。例如:a modular course单元课程7. dietetics n. the scientific study of diet and healthy eating 饮食学【QUESTIONS】Read the statements. Then listen to the news and decide whether the statements are true (T) or false (F).1. Teachers everywhere are facing the new school term with one big problem: what to teach students safely in the middle of a worldwide pandemic.2. Hamisu Hamisu Haruna hesitated to make changes to the way he was teaching when the pandemic came.3. The biggest problem with going online in Nigeria is the cost of data for cellphone users.4. Haruna noted that one way teachers deal with that problem is by combining both synchronous learning and asynchronous learning.5. Synchronous learning is the student goes online to get the teacher's lesson at a later time.6. Asynchronous learning is the teacher and students are present together online at the same time.7. According to Haruna, they often use video conferencing to talk with students.8. Haruna reports that both students and their parents have reacted well to this method of teaching.9. Shereen Mohamed records her classes by using an interactive device at home. 10. Mohamed has to take tests that she creates on the Quia website or on Quizlet to make sure her students are learning.11. Flipgrid is an app that can help students make videos to share with their teachers and classmates.12. In the Philippines, the new school term has been delayed until October 5.13. Curriculum Checkers in the Philippines examined the education program of some teachers.【KEY】Read the statements. Then listen to the news and decide whether the statements are true (T) or false (F).(F) 1. Teachers everywhere are facing the new school term with one big problem: what to teach students in the middle of a worldwide pandemic.(正确表达)Teachers everywhere are facing the new school term with one big problem: how to teachstudents safely in the middle of a worldwide pandemic.(F) 2. Hamisu Hamisu Haruna hesitatedto make changes to the way he was teaching when the pandemic came.(正确表达)Hamisu Hamisu Haruna neverhesitatedto make changes to the way he was teaching when the pandemic came.(F) 3. The biggest problem with going online in Nigeria is the cost of data for cellphone users.(正确表达)One of the biggest problemswith going online in Nigeria is the cost of data for cellphone users. (T) 4. Haruna noted that one way teachers deal with that problem is by combining both synchronous learning and asynchronous learning.(F) 5. Synchronous learning is the student goes online to get the teacher's lesson at a later time.(正确表达)Synchronous learning is the teacher and students are present together online at the same time. (F) 6. Asynchronous learning is the teacher and students are present together online at the same time.(正确表达)Asynchronous learning is the student goes online to get the teacher's lesson at a later time.(T) 7. According to Haruna, they often use video conferencing to talk with students.(T) 8. Haruna reports that both students and their parents have reacted well to this method of teaching.(F) 9. Shereen Mohamed records her classes by using an interactive device at home. (正确表达)Shereen Mohamed records her classes by using an interactive device atschool.(T) 10. Mohamed has to take tests that she creates on the Quia website or on Quizlet to make sure her students are learning. (T) 11. Flipgrid is an app that can help students make videos to share with their teachers and classmates. (T) 12. In the Philippines, the new school term has been delayed until October 5. (F) 13. Curriculum Checkers in the Philippines examined the education program of some teachers.(正确表达)Curriculum Checkers in the Philippines examined the education program of all the teachers.

练习 | VOA慢速:NASA公布2024年登月计划

VOA慢速:NASA公布2024年登月计划燕山大学 刘立军 供稿【TRANSCRIPT】The American space agency, NASA, has released its latest plan to place the first humans on the moon since 1972. The updated information on the Artemis mission renewsNASA's promise that one of the astronauts will be a woman."We're going back to the moon for scientific discovery, economic benefits, and inspiration for a new generation of explorers," NASA Administrator Jim Bridenstine said in a statement Monday.NASA's moon mission is part of its Artemis plan. It will use NASA's newest rocket, the Space Launch System, or SLS. The astronauts are to travel on NASA's Orion spaceship.Bridenstine told reporters that "political risks" have often threatened NASA's work, especially before such a critical election. If Congress approves $3.2 billion in financing by December 25, he said "we're still on track for a 2024 moon landing."Three projects are competing to build a moon lander that will transport two astronauts to the moon from the Orion spaceship. The competitors are all private companies,Blue Origin, SpaceX and Dynetics.Artemis 1 will send a spaceship around the moon in 2021. It will not use a human crew. Artemis II is to send astronauts around the moon in 2023. Artemis III will land on the lunarsurface in 2024 and remain there for a week. NASA plans to have the astronauts leave the lander to collect soil and rock, search for water and other resources and carry out experiments.NASA says the plan will cost $28 billion over a period of five years.I'm Caty Weaver.【VOCABULARY】1. renewv.to emphasize sth. by saying or stating it again 重申;重复强调。例如:to renew an appeal / a request / a complaint, etc. 再次呼吁、请求、投诉等2. lunaradj. (常用于名词前)connected with the moon 月球的;月亮的。例如:a lunar eclipse / landscape月食;月球的地貌【QUESTIONS】Read the passage. Then listen to the news and fill in the blanks with the information (words, phrases or sentences) you hear.The American space agency, NASA, has released its (Q1) __________ to place the first humans on the moon since 1972. The updated information on the Artemis mission renews NASA's (Q2) __________ that one of the astronauts will be a woman."We're going back to the moon for (Q3) __________, economic benefits, and inspiration for a new generation of explorers," NASA Administrator Jim Bridenstine said in a (Q4) __________ Monday.NASA's moon mission is part of its Artemis plan. It will use NASA's newest rocket, the Space Launch System, or SLS. The astronauts are to travel on NASA's Orion spaceship.Bridenstine told reporters that "political risks" have often threatened NASA's work, especially before such a (Q5) __________. If Congress approves $3.2 billion in financing by December 25, he said "we're still on (Q6)__________ for a 2024 moon landing."Three projects are competing to build a moon lander that will (Q7) __________ two astronauts to the moon from the Orion spaceship. The competitors are all (Q8) __________ companies,Blue Origin, SpaceX and Dynetics.Artemis I will send a spaceship around the moon in 2021. It will not use a human crew. Artemis II is to send astronauts around the moon in 2023. Artemis III will land on the lunar surface in 2024 and remain there for a week. NASA plans to have the astronauts leave the lander to (Q9) __________, search for water and other resources and carry out (Q10) __________.NASA says the plan will cost $28 billion over a period of five years.I'm Caty Weaver.【KEY】Read the passage. Then listen to the news and fill in the blanks with the information (words, phrases or sentences) you hear.The American space agency, NASA, has released its (Q1) latest planto place the first humans on the moon since 1972. The updated information on the Artemis mission renews NASA's (Q2)promisethat one of the astronauts will be a woman."We're going back to the moon for (Q3) scientific discovery, economic benefits, and inspiration for a new generation of explorers," NASA Administrator Jim Bridenstine said in a (Q4)statementMonday.NASA's moon mission is part of its Artemis plan. It will use NASA's newest rocket, the Space Launch System, or SLS. The astronauts are to travel on NASA's Orion spaceship.Bridenstine told reporters that "political risks" have often threatened NASA's work, especially before such a (Q5) critical election. If Congress approves $3.2 billion in financing by December 25, he said "we're still on (Q6)trackfor a 2024 moon landing."Three projects are competing to build a moon lander that will (Q7) transporttwo astronauts to the moon from the Orion spaceship. The competitors are all (Q8) privatecompanies Blue Origin, SpaceX and Dynetics.Artemis I will send a spaceship around the moon in 2021. It will not use a human crew. Artemis II is to send astronauts around the moon in 2023. Artemis III will land on the lunar surface in 2024 and remain there for a week. NASA plans to have the astronauts leave the lander to (Q9) collect soil and rock, search for waterand other resources and carry out (Q10) experiments.NASA says the plan will cost $28 billion over a period of five years.I'm Caty Weaver.

第十届教学大赛视听说课组一等奖周薇薇说课

说课点评:周薇薇老师的说课体现出她作为一名外语教师的良好功底,她在短时间内对视频素材内容有了很好的把握,并根据教学内容设计了较好的教学活动。从周老师对教学内容的分析上可以看到,她准确地掌握了视频的大意,并依据视频题材和体裁对学生可能遇到的难点进行了预测,在此基础上设定教学目标,希望学生掌握与探月、登月有关的主题词汇,学会处理新闻类的视听素材,并把握视频中的时间线。可见,教学目标不能凭空设定,一定要基于教师对教学素材和目标学生的分析和了解。周老师的教学活动围绕视频的核心要素展开,由趣味视频导入,引起学生思考,然后进入教师提到的"task cycle"部分,既有学生讨论,也有具体的听力任务,教学步骤的衔接性也比较好,整个教学设计有较好的操作性。周老师提到在课程结束时会引导学生展开同伴互评,贯彻了她在授课环节提到的反思性学习的理念。未来周老师可以进一步提升教学理论素养。周老师在说课中提到教学中会采用TBLT和CLT,从表述方式就可以发现周老师并没有准确理解这两者的含义和关系,这一点也体现在评委问答环节中,周老师没能很好地回答评委就此提出的问题。教学理念和教学方法并不能搬来就用,教师需要准确地理解各种理念和方法的真正内涵、特点和实施过程,才能更好地契合学生特点和课堂教学需求。点评专家:徐锦芬教授

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