大众甲壳虫停产,一代经典落幕

The last bugs that Volkswagen produced rolled off the assembly line in Puebla, Mexico, on July 10th. The freed-up factory space in Mexico would be used to produce a new SUV intended for the North American market, the company said in a news release.7月10日,大众生产的最后一批甲壳虫汽车在墨西哥普埃布拉的工厂驶下生产线,标志着这款上市八十余载,历经三代更迭的大众经典车型正式停产。大众公司表示,原先生产甲壳虫的车间将被用于生产一款针对北美市场的全新SUV车型。The Beetle was originally designed in the 1930s by legendary engineer Ferdinand Porsche at the behest of Adolf Hitler, who wanted to see a cheap and practical mass-produced car made available to the German people. But the outbreak of World War II stalled its production, as military necessity took precedence. After the war, though, the factory was restarted by the British military and production of Volkswagen cars began to take off.20世纪30年代,希特勒希望有一款便宜、实用的汽车,能够大规模生产供德国人使用。著名汽车设计师费迪南德·保时捷便在希特勒的授意下设计了甲壳虫汽车。然而二战爆发导致大众工厂停产,整个工厂被用来制造军用车辆。战争结束后,英国接管并重启了大众工厂,此后大众汽车的生产蒸蒸日上。The design found international fame in the 1960s and 1970s in the Disney film featuringHerbie, the Love Bug, a racing car with a mind of its own. Beetle soon became a worldwide icon for its small, practical, but aesthetic qualities.20世纪60、70年代,迪士尼电影《万能金龟车》让甲壳虫名声大噪,甲壳虫在片中以一辆有自己思想的赛车“贺比”的角色出现。甲壳虫汽车凭借小巧、实用又美观的特性,迅速风靡全球。But sales, particularly in the key US market, have fallen in recent years. Consumers in the US have increasingly turned to larger cars such as crossovers and SUVs. Volkswagen, in the wake of the diesel emissions scandal and huge investment in electric vehicles, says it will look to slim down its model range with a greater focus on family and electric cars.但近年来,甲壳虫汽车销售额下滑,尤其是在重要的美国市场。美国消费者越来越青睐更宽敞的跨界车和SUV。在柴油排放丑闻发酵及对电动汽车进行巨额投资后,大众汽车表示,他们正在考虑减少车型,专注于生产家用和电动轿车。"It's impossible to imagine where Volkswagen would be without the Beetle," Volkswagen of America president and CEO Scott Keogh said in a statement. "From its first import in 1949 to today's retro-inspired design, it has showcased our company's ability to fit round pegs into square holes of the automotive industry. While its time has come, the role it has played in the evolution of our brand will be forever cherished."大众汽车北美区首席执行官斯科特·基奥在声明中表示:“很难想象没有了甲壳虫的大众将会何去何从。从1949年首次引进到北美到今天的复古风设计,甲壳虫汽车是大众公司用大胆创新成就经典的力证。即便它的时代已经结束,但它对大众品牌发展所发挥的作用将被永远铭记。”The final Beetle to roll off the assembly line will be displayed at a Volkswagen museum in Puebla, the company said.大众表示,将在普埃布拉的大众汽车博物馆展出最后一辆生产的甲壳虫。Vocabularyat the behest of sb. 应某人要求precedencen. 优先;优先权aestheticadj. 审美的;美学的

学会描述外貌和兴趣

对于这样的面试套路,想必大家都已经麻木了。机械式的一问一答,一听便知后文的陈词滥调,让面试官和面试者双方都“习惯性尴尬”。为了让面试变得更加有针对性,如今的面试官会使出各种“花招”,试图挖掘出你个性中的潜力。对于面试者来说,应对一场面试不仅仅是“见招拆招”,更是认清自己、找准方向的一次机会。充分展现出自己的兴趣爱好,性格特点,便是让面试官了解你个人能力的关键所在。换句话说,我们缺乏的是一种善于观察自己、描述自己的能力。我们有一双单眼皮还是双眼皮,我们的脸型是瓜子脸还是国字脸,发色是黑中带褐还是乌黑油亮?我们常常拿“外貌协会”来说事,却经常忽视了容貌上的一个小小特征或是举手投足间的小小习惯或许决定了我们给别人留下的印象。同样是听音乐、看电影,有些人痴迷于80年代的某个“过气”歌手,有些人钟情于欧洲的文艺影片,也有些人对黑胶唱片趋之若鹜。其实仔细探究每个人的生活方式,我们都能或多或少发现一些不为人知的细节。殊不知,在一篇作文,一场面试中,用一颗敏锐的心灵去将它们娓娓道来、细细述说,人性之中的闪光点,就能被观察者的双眼所捕捉。借此,我们推出今天的微课How to Describe One's Appearance and Hobby,通过学习如何描绘一个人的容貌和兴趣,让你更好地观察生活,了解彼此。

英吉利海峡再飞越

On July 25th, French inventor Franky Zapata plunged into seawater while making the bold attempt to cross the English Channel on his Flyboard Air, a jet-powered hovering device he created.7月25日,法国发明家弗兰基·萨帕塔试图驾驶他研发的喷气动力“飞行滑板”——Flyboard Air,横渡英吉利海峡,重现当年的人类壮举,但是途中萨帕塔跌入大海,行动以失败告终。Zapata was expected to make the roughly 35-kilometer crossing from Sangatte, France to Dover, England in less than half an hour by traveling at a speed of 140 kilometers per hour.萨帕塔原计划从法国的桑加特起飞,飞行大约35千米后,抵达海峡对岸的英国多佛,整个航程最短可以在半小时内完成,最高飞行速度可以达到140千米/小时。The plan was to land on a refueling boat about halfway through the trip before completing his journey to England. It was a maneuver he had practiced many times before. But in the middle of the channel, the conditions were more treacherous than the placid waters he had left behind.按照计划,飞行的中途会有一次加油过程,在海面上的一艘加油船上进行。这项操作萨帕塔之前练习过多次。但是在海峡深处,情况要比沿岸的水面来得复杂得多。The boat was rocking, and while Zapata could see it shifting from side to side, he couldn't see how the waves were tossing the boat up and down. When trying to land, the boat hit his flyboard, causing him to plummet into the English Channel. Zapata was saved immediately after the crash, but the adventure also came to termination.当时,加油船在风浪中颠簸不已,萨帕塔能看见船体在左右摆动,却无法觉察到船本身也跟着海浪上下大幅摇摆。当他试着降落到甲板的时候,船体向上与飞行板形成撞击,一下子把他抛入了大海之中。萨帕塔立即被救起,但是飞越行动也宣告失败。The aviation enthusiast had chosen that day for his attempt as it marked 110 years since French pilot Louis Bleriot made the first flight across the English Channel in 1909. Ahead of his attempt, Zapata told the reporters that "we created a new way of flying, we don't use wings. You are like a bird; it is your body that is flying. It is a boyhood dream."这位飞行狂人之所以选择7月25日当天进行海峡飞越,是因为当天今年的7月25日正好是人类成功飞越英吉利海峡的110周年纪念日。1909年,法国飞行员路易·布雷里奥首次完成了这一壮举。在行动开始前,萨帕塔曾对记者说道,“我们创造了一种新的飞行方式,无需借助翅膀便能完成。我们更像是鸟儿一样,用自己的身体便能翱翔,这一切如同儿时的梦想成真一般。”Earlier last month, Zapata made waves when he hovered over Paris' Place de la Concorde as part of France's Bastille Day military parade. That successful flight even won attention from French president, Emmanuel Macron. He said the defense ministry was looking at ways to integrate Zapata's invention into the country's armed forces.上月早些时候,萨帕塔已经赚到了不少人气。在巴士底日阅兵式上,他驾驶着自己的飞行板成功飞越巴黎协和广场,甚至吸引了法国总统马克龙的注意。马克龙表示,国防部正在设法研究将萨帕塔的飞行板技术运用到国防中的可能性。Questions For All: Is The Story Over Yet?那么问题来了:故事结束了吗?The French inventor Franky Zapata on Sunday made his second attempt to fly from France to England. “I followed my dream and that's huge,” he said after landing successfully.精彩还在后头——10天后,就在上周日(8月4日),萨帕塔第二次尝试乘坐“飞行滑板”横渡英吉利海峡,成功飞跃。降落后,他对记者说,“我所做的事虽渺小,但我追随了我的梦,热血浩瀚的梦。”VOCABULARYhover: v. 翱翔;盘旋treacherous: adj. 有潜在危险的;不可信任的plummet: v. 暴跌;骤降aviation: n. 航空

VOA慢速英语:四分之一的美国人不想退休(判断正误)

燕山大学 刘立军 编写uTRANSCRIPTAlmost one in four Americans say they do not plan to retire.That is a finding of a survey released this week. The survey was a project of The Associated Press-NORC Center for Public Affairs Research. The Alfred P. Sloan Foundation provided money for the study.Researchers questioned about 1,400 adults in the United States. Twenty-three percent of those questioned said they do not expect to stop working. Another 25% said they will continue working after they reach age 65.Government records show that around 20% of people 65 and older were working or looking for a job in June.For many Americans, money has a lot to do with the decision to keep working.Anqi Chen is with the Center for Retirement Research at Boston College in Massachusetts."The average retirement age that we see in the data has gone up a little bit, but it hasn't gone up that much," Chen said. "So people have to live in retirement much longer, and they may not have enough assets to support themselves in retirement."The survey also found that Americans have mixed ideas about how the aging U.S. workforce affects workers. Some 39% think people staying in the workforce longer is mostly good for American workers. But 29% of those questioned think it is bad. Around 30% say it makes no difference.A somewhat higher share, 45%, said they think it has a good or positive effect on the U.S. economy.Experts say sickness, workforce reductions and other issues often force older workers to leave their jobs sooner than they would like.Larry Zarzecki once worked as a police officer in Maryland. He stopped working in his 40s after developing a tremorin his right hand. He also developed other mental and physical symptoms.At age 47, tests showed he was suffering from Parkinson's disease. Now 57 and living in the city of Baltimore, Zarzecki says he has learned to make difficult choices "to help make ends meet.""People like me, who are average, everyday working people, can have something catastrophichappen, and we lose everything because of medical bills," he added.Zarzecki has since helped found a non-profit organization called Movement Disorder Education and Exercise. The group offers support and treatment programs to those with similar diseases. He has also contacted state and national lawmakers and asked them to control rising prescription drug prices.Zarzecki receives pension money and health insurance through the state, but he spends more than $3,000 each year on medicines."I can't afford, nor will my insurance cover, the most modern medication there is for Parkinson's," he says.I'm John Russell.Adapted from: http://www.hxen.com/englishlistening/voaenglish/voaspecialenglish/2019-07-13/521091_2.htmluVOCABULARY1.asset n. [常用复数] a thing of value, especially property, that a person or company owns, which can be used or sold to pay debts 资产;财产。例如:lthe net asset value of the company公司的资产净值lHer assets include shares in the company and a house in France. 她的财产包括公司的股份和在法国的一座房子。lasset sales/management资产销售 / 管理lfinancial/capital assets金融 / 资本资产2. tremorn. a slight shaking movement in a part of your body caused, for example, by cold or fear (由于寒冷或恐惧等引起的)颤抖,战栗,哆嗦。例如:There was a slight tremor in his voice.他的声音略微有点儿颤抖。3. make (both) ends meet: to earn just enough money to be able to buy the things you need 使收支相抵;勉强维持生计。例如:Many families struggle to make ends meet. 许多家庭只能勉强维持生计。4. catastrophicadj. 灾难性的5. pensionn. an amount of money paid regularly by a government or company to sb. who is considered to be too old or too ill/sick to work 养老金;退休金;抚恤金。例如:lto receive an old-age/a retirement pension领养老金 / 退休金la disability/widow's pension残疾 / 遗孀抚恤金la state pension国家抚恤金lto live on a pension靠退休金生活lto take out a personal/private pension获得个人 / 私人抚恤金la pension fund退休金基金uQUESTIONSRead the statements. Then listen to the news and check the true (ü) or false (û) statements.q1. Almost one in four Americans say they do plan to retire.q2. Researchers questioned about 1,400 adults in the United States. q3. Twenty-three percent of those questioned said they do not expect to stop working. q4. 25% said they will continue working after they reach age 65.q5. Research studies show that around 20% of people 65 and older were working or looking for a job in June.q6. Experts say sickness, workforce reductions and other issues often force older workers to leave their jobs sooner than they would like.uKEY Read the statements. Then listen to the news and check the true (ü) or false (û) statements.ý1. Almost one in four Americans say they do planto retire. [正确表达] Almost one in four Americans say they do not planto retire.þ2. Researchers questioned about 1,400 adults in the United States. þ3. Twenty-three percent of those questioned said they do not expect to stop working. þ4. 25% said they will continue working after they reach age 65.ý5. Research studiesshow that around 20% of people 65 and older were working or looking for a job in June. [正确表达] Government recordsshow that around 20% of people 65 and older were working or looking for a job in June.þ6. Experts say sickness, workforce reductions and other issues often force older workers to leave their jobs sooner than they would like.

练习|VOA慢速:久坐真会危害健康吗

燕山大学 刘立军 编写uTRANSCRIPTWorking at a desk all day may not be as bad for your health as sitting in front of a television after work.That is a finding of a new study done in the United States. It also suggests that not all forms of sitting are equally bad.Jeanette Garcia led the study. Garcia works as a researcher at the University of Central Florida in Orlando.“We’ve been hearing more and more about how sitting is the new smoking,” she said. She added that other evidence suggests a relationship between health problems and time spent sitting.“However, it’s been unclear whether all sitting is created equal, suggesting that as long as you reduce any type of sitting, then that’s helpful in improving health,” she added.“This study suggests that this may not be the case, and that we should focus more on leisure time sitting, mainly television viewing time, rather than sitting, in general.”The study followed close to 3,600 African-American adults. Almost one-third of them watched television, or TV, for more than four hours a day. A little more than one-third of the subjects spent between two and four hours a day sitting in front of the TV.The remaining third watched TV for less than two hours a day. Researchers followed the group for an average of 8.4 years. During the study, 205 of the subjects died and 129 others suffered a heart attack or stroke.Compared to people who watched less than two hours of television daily, those who spent more than four hours in front of the TV were 49 percent more likely to die or have a heart attack or stroke. But the undesirable health effects of TV appeared to be limited to adults who failed to get the recommended amount of weekly exercise. That is around 150 minutes of moderate physical activity or 75 minutes of vigorousexercise every week.The study had some limitations, however.Lin Yang is a researcher at the University of Calgary in Canada. She says it is possible that sitting in front of the TV might be worse than sitting at a desk because people snack while they are watching TV. Some people simply stay up too late and do not get enough sleep, she wrote in an email.Eating treats or lack of sleep could both cause weight gain and increase risk factors for heart disease. These factors could make people more likely to die early, she added.Yang explained that “the evidence on TV viewing and health risks (is) strong,” even if the exact biological causes are unclear.Arch Mainous is a researcher at the University of Florida in Gainesville. Like Yang, he was not involved in the study.Mainous said in an email that it would be a mistake for people with desk jobs to think there is no need to get moving during the work day.“Take the stairs rather than the elevator, or take a walk at lunch,” Mainous advised. “Leisure time physical activity is definitely beneficial, but working in some more steps in the workday should also be encouraged.”I'm John Russell.Adapted from http://www.tingclass.net/uVOCABULARY1. vigorous adj. very active, determined or full of energy 充满活力的;果断的;精力充沛的。例如:la vigorous campaign against tax fraud坚决打击骗税的运动la vigorous opponent of the government坚决反对政府的人lTake vigorous exercise for several hours a week. 每周做几个小时剧烈运动。2.beneficial adj. beneficial (to sth. / sb.) improving a situation; having a helpful or useful effect 有利的;有裨益的;有用的。例如:A good diet is beneficial to health. 良好的饮食有益于健康。uQUESTIONSListen to the news and choose the best answer to each question you hear.[Q1] What does the finding of a new study suggest?[A]Working at a desk all day is as bad for your health as sitting in front of a television after work.[B]Not all forms of sitting are equally bad for your health.[C]Working at a desk all day isn’t as bad for your health as sitting in front of a television after work.[D]All forms of sitting are equally bad for your health.[Q2] Which of the following statements is FALSE about the study?[A]The study followed close to 3,800 African-American adults.[B]Almost one-third of them watched television, or TV, for more than four hours a day.[C]A little more than one-third of the subjects spent between two and four hours a day sitting in front of the TV.[D]One-third watched TV for less than two hours a day. uKEY [Q1] B。细节题。命题出处:Working at a desk all day may not be as bad for your health as sitting in front of a television after work. That is a finding of a new study done in the United States. It also suggests that not all forms of sitting are equally bad.[Q2] A。细节题。命题出处:The study followed close to 3,600 African-American adults. Almost one-third of them watched television, or TV, for more than four hours a day. A little more than one-third of the subjects spent between two and four hours a day sitting in front of the TV. The remaining third watched TV for less than two hours a day. Researchers followed the group for an average of 8.4 years. During the study, 205 of the subjects died and 129 others suffered a heart attack or stroke.

练习|VOA慢速:微笑有助于心脏健康

燕山大学 刘立军 编写uTRANSCRIPTFrom VOA Learning English, this is the Health & Lifestyle report.Many diseases and medical conditions are caused by things out of our control. Yet experts say you can control and even prevent many of the risk factors that increase your chances of dying.Experts note that an unhealthy lifestyle can put you at great risk of heart disease and stroke. Poor diet, having too much body fat and a lack of physical exercise all increase your risk of heart disease - so can using tobacco products and drinking too much alcohol.So doctors urge us to eat healthy foods, get exercise, stop smoking and limit our alcohol intake.But there is something else you can do. And it is free and easy. Smile!Anand Chockalingam is a heart disease specialist at University of Missouri Health Care in Columbia, Missouri. He advises his patients to smile."When we smile, the brain wiring gets altered. The chemicals that are released are more positive."He says smiling is a first step in fighting physical and emotional stress and its sometimes harmful effects on human health. This is not just New Age advice. Several studies support Dr. Chockaligam’s prescription to smile more.When we talk about disordersof the heart and blood vessels, we are talking about cardiovasculardiseases, such as coronaryheart disease. And they are the number one cause of death around the world. That information comes from the World Health Organization.The main cause of heart attacks and strokes are blockagesin blood vessels. These prevent blood from flowing to the heart or the brain. The most common reason for these blockages is a build-up of fatty deposits on the inner walls of the arteries.When you feel stressed or under pressure, your body releases many natural hormones including adrenalineand cortisol. Adrenaline increases your heart rate and blood pressure. Cortisol is the body’s main stress hormone. It increases sugar in the bloodstream. If you are truly in danger, these hormones can help you. They are part of what we call our fight-or-flight response.However, when stressed for a long period, these stress hormones are ever-present in our bodies. And that, medical researchers warn, may lead to health problems.Researchers with the American Heart Association say the connection between stress and heart disease is still unclear. However, they claim that when people are stressed for long periods of time, they may not make the best decisions about what to eat. They may overeat, smoke or drink too much alcohol. They may not get enough exercise or sleep. And all of this can lead to health problems.Dr. Chockalingam says a smile may be one way to help. He tells his patients to smile 20 times an hour. To some, that might seem like a lot of smiling. Or some might even feel foolish ... smiling for seemingly no reason. But a smile does not involve drugs. It is not invasive like a surgical operation. It is free and it has no bad side effects."Once people smile, they are relaxing. This relaxation directly lowers blood pressure, improves sugar levels in the blood. If we are smiling, we are breaking that link between stress and health."And it just may provide a little extra protection to everyone's heart health. And that's the Health & Lifestyle report.I’m Anna Matteo.Adapted from http://www.21voa.com/VOA_Special_English/one-thing-you-can-do-right-now-to-help-your-heart-19822.htmluVOCABULARY1. disordersn. [可数名词, 不可数名词] an illness that causes a part of the body to stop functioning correctly 失调;紊乱;不适;疾病。例如:la blood / bowel, etc. disorder血液病、闹肚子等leating disorders进食障碍lHe was suffering from some form of psychiatric disorder. 他患有某种类型的精神错乱。2.cardiovascularadj. (medical 医) connected with the heart and the blood vessels (= the tubes that carry blood around the body) 心血管的3. coronary adj. (medical 医) connected with the heart, particularly the arteries that take blood to the heart 冠状动脉的。例如:lcoronary (heart) disease冠状动脉(心脏)病la coronary patient (= sb. suffering from coronary disease) 冠状动脉疾病患者4.blockage n. a thing that blocks flow or movement, for example of a liquid in a narrow place 造成阻塞的东西;阻塞物。例如:a blockage in an artery / a pipe / a drain动脉 / 管道 / 排水沟堵塞物5. adrenaline n. <生化>肾上腺素; <喻>刺激物; 激励因素; 一阵兴奋(或激动)uQUESTIONSListen to the news and choose the best answer to each question you hear.[Q1] Which of the following will increase the risk of heart disease?[A]A healthy lifestyle. [B]Rich diet. [C]Drinking too much coke. [D]A lack of physical exercise.[Q2] What’sAnand Chockalingam’s suggestion to his patients?[A]To eat healthy foods.[B]To get exercise.[C]To stop smoking and limit our alcohol intake.[D]To smile.[Q3]What will increase sugar in the bloodstream?[A]Adrenaline.[B]Cortisol.[C]Both Adrenaline and Cortisol.[D]Neither Adrenaline nor Cortisol.uKEY [Q1] D。细节题。命题出处:Experts note that an unhealthy lifestyle can put you at great risk of heart disease and stroke. Poor diet, having too much body fat and a lack of physical exercise all increase your risk of heart disease - so can using tobacco products and drinking too much alcohol.[Q2] D。细节题。命题出处:So doctors urge us to eat healthy foods, get exercise, stop smoking and limit our alcohol intake. But there is something else you can do. And it is free and easy. Smile! Anand Chockalingam is a heart disease specialist at University of Missouri Health Care in Columbia, Missouri. He advises his patients to smile.[Q3] B。细节题。命题出处:Adrenaline increases your heart rate and blood pressure. Cortisol is the body’s main stress hormone. It increases sugar in the bloodstream. If you are truly in danger, these hormones can help you. They are part of what we call our fight-or-flight response.

第九届教学大赛商务英语专业组二等奖申慧丽授课

授课点评:申慧丽老师的授课设计合理,首先用了约3分钟时间扼要介绍了整个单元的授课计划、教学目的和教学过程,并指出重点在于提高学生的思辨能力。为本节课设定了三个教学目标:(1)使学生掌握课文的主旨和结构,(2)进一步知晓产业链,(3)了解儒家学说是如何应用于商业的。申老师用了约2分钟时间导入,通过讲述和提问,使学生对晋商有了一个大概的了解;用了约2分钟的时间讲解了常氏的崛起,通过引导学生关注一系列表示时间的词语,使学生较好地了解了常氏家族企业的发轫、演变和发展;用了2分多钟时间引导学生了解了常氏家族企业的商业特征,即茶叶国际贸易和初期的金融业务;用了约9分钟时间阐述常氏家族的商业原则,即坚守儒家的行为规范,秉持节俭、诚信、慈善、重教的传统。申老师把课文分成三部分,在分段解读的同时,又试图把课堂活动分成导入、整体阅读、细读和反思四个步骤。总体上,申老师较好地实现了预设的两个教学目标,即“使学生掌握课文的主旨和结构,以及了解儒家学说是如何应用于商业的”。至于另一个教学目标,即“进一步知晓产业链”,由于在讲课过程中“industry chain”被替换成了“division of labor”,该目标的实现程度可能会打折扣。申老师讲课时精神饱满,富有激情,师生之间的互动较多。申老师用一系列问题启发学生思考,当学生回答有困难时能给予适当的提示和鼓励,颇有“引而不发,跃如也”的意境。另外,申老师能熟练运用文稿演示软件,运用文本、静图、音频、视频、画面组合等手段,有效地辅助了教学。美中不足的是,申老师没有把掌握词汇列为教学目标,虽然讲解了前缀“extra-”,但是总体上对词汇教学重视不够。点评专家:叶兴国教授

第九届教学大赛英语专业组二等奖郭漫授课

授课点评:郭漫老师比较突出的优点有两个,一是对整个单元的安排讲述得比多数选手清楚,二是讲课中体现出较好的教师基本素质。根据本次全国决赛的规则,参赛选手须对整个单元的教学安排作出陈述,还要讲明本次授课在整个单元教学中的位置。郭漫老师首先讲了对整个单元的时间分配为10学时。我曾在颁奖典礼的总评中说这个时间分配显得过于随意。会后我得知有老师在作教学设计时曾查看过原教材,发现整套教材一共就只有8个单元,这应该是供一个学期使用的。那么,一个单元用两周10学时,是合理的,对这个单元10个课时的切分,也是恰当的。整个的陈述,总共只用了两分多钟的时间,体现出她对整个单元的宏观把控能力较强,能使人比较清楚地了解她本次授课在单元教学中的位置。郭漫老师在授课中表现出好教师的一些潜质。她规范标准的语音语调,流畅而恰当的语速,较强的亲和力,得体的教态,对各教学环节的时间安排以及调动学生参与互动的能力,都给评委留下很好的印象。她在授课之初(3′-3′08″)提出的问题How would you share a book that brings you great pleasure?不仅直截了当地导入了本次授课的中心内容,而且能让学生有较强的参与感,因为学生需回答“I would…”。在介绍书评写作的步骤时,郭漫老师循循善诱、步步深入。如8′20″-8′49″时的Step 1 factsimpersonal, objective。和10′07″-10′36″时的Step 2 opinionpersonal, subjective。在这几个时间段,她主要使用板书,让学生感到是自己的想法变成了文字,不仅参与感强了,而且还会有成就感。如果我们不看教材,仅从郭漫老师的授课来看,教学中有讲解,有启发,有互动,有问题,有练习,有拓展,这堂课应该算是非常成功的。但是,如果仔细阅读教材,我们就会发现郭漫老师的授课有两个失误。第一,这篇课文本身就是一篇书评,前面四段是书评作者在读了Wendy Lesser的与书评同名的书Why I Read后的有感而发,而且每一段都与原书有关联。从第5段末尾开始,书评作者就明确地介绍了作者及其背景。而郭漫老师把第6段作为书评的introduction,且在回答评委的第二个问题时也认为从第6段开始才有点像个书评(more like a book review),也不知道这篇课文来自何处。很显然,郭漫老师在三周左右的准备时间里没能认真细读和理解这篇课文。其二,郭漫老师把书评作者和Lesser混为一谈,在授课中多次说“book review written by Lesser”一类的话。正是基于这两个失误,郭漫老师才根据单元总体设计安排了这次课,目的是教学生如何写书评。她把第6段中的prologue拿出来,望文生义地认为这一段可以是书评的Step 1, Introduction。但她在这段中又找不到能满足她提出的name, theme, impact三个要素,便找了一个与课文不相干的句子来用(It is one of the feminist paradoxes that influence history)。在其后的三个Steps中,也有类似的问题。点评专家:李力教授

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为帮助高校外语学科翻译课程教师提升教学设计与实施能力、科研写作能力以及综合人文素养,上海外国语大学中国外语教材与教法研究中心联合上海外教社教育培训中心特别策划“2019年暑期翻译教师专业发展研习营”项目。本项目将采用专题报告、教学研讨、案例展示、翻译沙龙、访谈讨论、书展观摩等多种形式,围绕翻译(口笔译课程)教学设计与实施、翻译教师人文素养培养、翻译类期刊论文写作与发表、翻译类科研项目设计与申报以及文学翻译实践等主题系统安排研修课程,以期帮助翻译教师优化课程教学效果,提升综合人文素养及科研能力,促进教师专业发展。

信息技术与外语教学的融合

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聚焦有效教学,打造一流金课

当下,“金课”和“水课”已成为高等教育领域的两大热词,受到社会各界广泛关注。本期研修班聚焦高校英语学科教学现状及新时代教学改革要求,围绕有效教学及“金课”打造,邀请国内外语教学研究领域顶尖专家、资深名师就优质课程建设、教学质量提升、教学设计优化、教学能力培养等重点问题进行深度剖析和探讨。主要课程包括:1.信息化背景下高质量大学英语课程建设与教学设计;2.基于“金课”理念的大学英语综合课单元设计;3.大学学术英语“金课”建设的探索与实践。

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