双语阅读 | 分餐还是合餐?

分餐还是合餐?Will COVID-19 change the tradition of communal meals in China?邓晶 | 供稿 In China, communal eating is considered crucial for bonding. In the memories of most Chinese, one of the happiest moments in their lives was seated around a table with families or friends, sharing dishes and piling on food.  在中国,合餐共食被视为联络感情的重要方式。在大多数中国人的记忆中,人生最快乐的时刻之一便是与家人或朋友围坐在饭桌旁,分享美食,大快朵颐。 In the campaign against the COVID-19 outbreak, this dining tradition has been greatly challenged. Since each diner picks food out of the communal plates on a bite-by-bite basis with their chopsticks, the virus can be transferred from saliva to chopsticks to the dish. What’s worse, diners often serve others with their own eating utensils to express friendliness and care. Several cases of coronavirus are thought to have spread through families when sharing food during the Chinese New Year period. 在抗击新冠病毒的战“疫”中,这一就餐传统受到了极大质疑。由于进餐者每吃完一口都要用自己的筷子从公共餐盘中夹取食物,病毒就会从唾液传到筷子,最后传到餐盘中。更糟的是,为了表达友好和关心,进餐者还常用自己的餐具给他人夹菜。此次疫情中的数个病例都被认为与春节期间的家庭聚餐有关。 Communal eating has thus become a target of both governments and restaurants. Posters have been released by local governments to encourage people to use serving utensils. Concerned about customers being wary of returning to restaurants, the catering industry has willingly joined the campaign. Many restaurants, once allowed to reopen, have immediately sprung into action, particularly offering set meals for one single person. 由此合餐制已然成为政府和餐馆共同针对的对象。地方政府发布宣传海报,鼓励人们使用公勺公筷。餐饮业担心顾客不敢前来就餐,也自愿参与抵制合餐制的运动。一经允许重新营业,许多餐馆立即采取行动,特别推出单人套餐。 These changes are likely to continue and could be solidified by local regulations, as eating together separately can always protect the public health. The measures will shape the traditional mealtime etiquette. 长远来看,鉴于分餐制有利于保护公众健康,此类变化很可能会持续下去,并在地方性法规的支持下不断巩固。这些举措将改变传统餐桌礼仪。 The move away from a traditional cultural practice is ongoing. But as Wang Renxiang, a researcher at the Chinese Academy of Social Sciences said, "In modern times to eat individually may lose some tradition, but it can also mean more opportunities for creating something new in Chinese cuisine and eating habits."中国社会正在逐渐远离合餐制的传统文化习俗,但也正如中国社科院研究员王仁湘所说,“现代生活中的分餐制可能会使我们丢掉一些传统,但这也意味着有更多的机会创造新的中式菜肴和用餐习惯。” VOCABULARYcommunal - adj. 公用的  since - conj. 由于utensil - n. 用具etiquette - n. 礼仪

双语阅读 | 聪明的“笨”小孩

Often the journey begins when a teacher recognizes that a student is not acquiring basic reading skills at the same rate as other students. Or parents may begin to wonder why their younger child is having so much more difficulty in reading than an older sibling did at the same age. 问题最初显露往往是因为老师发现某个学生掌握基础阅读能力的速度落后于其他学生,或是父母开始奇怪为什么相较于哥哥姐姐,弟弟或者妹妹在相同年龄时阅读遇到的困难多得多。Dyslexia is a condition that hampers a person's ability to read. About 700 million people in the world are known to suffer from dyslexia — about one in ten of the global population. According to a research, in non-dyslexic people, the cells are arranged asymmetrically in both eyes, allowing signals from the one eye to be overridden by the other to create a single image in the brain. However, in people with the reading disability, the cells are arranged in matching patterns in both eyes, which may be to blame for confusing the brain by producing "mirror" images.阅读障碍会阻碍阅读能力的发展。世界上已知约有7亿人患有阅读障碍,大致占全球人口的十分之一。据研究发现,非阅读障碍者双眼的视锥细胞呈不对称排列,一只眼睛收到的视觉信号会被另一只眼睛的信号覆盖,从而在大脑中建造出单个图像。但对于患有阅读障碍的人,双眼视锥细胞分布一致,这可能会使大脑把接收到的信息处理为镜像图像,产生信息读取混乱。Dyslexic children cannot be cured with medicine or surgery. Instead, they can only be helped with special education. Despite school policies supporting inclusion and equality, dyslexic children still experience exclusion and prejudice in education. Dyslexia not only affects children's academic life and relationships with families and classmates, but also their psychological health. Under great pressure, some may have a proclivity toward violence and some are self-abased.患有阅读障碍的孩子无法通过药物或手术治愈,而是需要接受特殊教育。尽管学校政策倡导包容和平等,阅读困难的孩子在教育中仍会受到排斥和偏见。阅读障碍症不仅影响孩子的学业以及与家人和同学的关系,还会导致心理问题。在巨大的压力下,有些人可能会出现暴力倾向,有些人则会产生自卑心理。Research indicates that children with dyslexia have the best outcomes when they receive early, targeted intervention that prevents reading difficulties from becoming more serious and long-lasting deficits. The communication between parents and teachers is essential in determining if a child needs additional instruction or support. 研究表明,患有阅读障碍的儿童若在早期接受针对性的干预,治疗效果最佳。这种干预可以防止阅读困难演变成更为严重且长期的缺陷。父母与老师之间的沟通在确定孩子是否需要额外的指导或帮助时则显得至关重要。All children are unique, and so, too, is each child’s language development and reading skill mastery. Dyslexic learners just need more time or are “late bloomers”. Some of the greatest minds in history such as Albert Einstein, Stephen Hawking, and Leonardo da Vinci were dyslexic, while successful entrepreneurs like Richard Branson and Steve Jobs made use of their dyslexic brains to build billion-dollar companies. 所有孩子都是独一无二的,每个孩子的语言发展和掌握阅读能力的过程也是如此。阅读障碍者只是需要更多时间,或者说他们是“大器晚成”之人。历史上一些天才,例如阿尔伯特·爱因斯坦、史蒂芬·霍金和莱昂纳多·达·芬奇,都患有阅读障碍症,而像理查德·布兰森和史蒂夫·乔布斯这样的成功企业家则凭借阅读困难的大脑建立了价值数十亿美元的公司。Dyslexia isn’t a disability, but a difference. It’s a distinction, not a drawback.阅读障碍不是缺陷,而是一种差异;它是一种区别,而不是缺点。VOCABULARYhamper  v. 妨碍;阻碍asymmetrically  adv. 不对称地override  v. 比...更重要;凌驾proclivity  n. 倾向self-abased  adj. 自卑的

双语阅读 | 地摊重启:疫情后的新风景

地摊重启:疫情后的新风景The return of street vending邓晶 供稿In order to revive the coronavirus-stricken economy, China is now promoting the idea of the ditan, or “street vending” economy. According to a recent speech by the Chinese premier Li Keqiang, street vending is the “lifeblood” of the country and a key source of employment in the aftermath of the Covid-19 outbreak.为了重振遭受疫情重创的经济,中国正在倡导“地摊经济”。在最近的一次讲话中,李克强总理称地摊经济为“中国的生机”,是新冠疫情后就业岗位的重要来源。After Premier Li’s high-profile speech to get people back into the traditional form of commerce, people have been spurred to set up street stalls nationwide. Snacks, clothes, accessories and even rabbits — Chinese are selling their wares on the street, on pavements or in the trunk of cars.在李克强总理高调鼓励人们重返传统商业形式之后,全国各地的人们受到鼓舞,在街头巷角摆摊卖货。小吃、衣服、饰品甚至是兔子——人们在街边、马路上或汽车后备箱售卖各类商品。Local residents have welcomed the reopening of roadside businesses, which often supply goods at lower prices. To office workers, eating and shopping at roadside stalls is also a good option when they return from work at night..地方居民十分欢迎路边摊的回归,因为街头商贩的商品通常价格低廉。对于上班族来说,路边夜市也不失为下班后就餐和购物的一项选择。In fact, street vendors were once seen as a symbol of backwardness and poverty, with many city authorities removing roadside stalls on the pretext of keeping the city clean and easy to get around. Although China is now restarting the street vending economy amid concerns about unemployment, some local governments and state media have dampened expectations of a large-scale return to informal street sales.事实上,街头摊贩曾被视为落后和贫穷的象征,许多城市当局以维持城市整洁、方便交通为由清除路边摊位。尽管我国如今出于对失业率的担忧而重启地摊经济,但一些地方政府和官方媒体打消了人们对这种非正式街头售卖活动大规模回归的期待。Beijing Daily, the official newspaper of the Beijing municipal government, said in a commentary that the “street vending economy” is unsuitable for the capital, and the city hasn’t relaxed its rules on street stalls. Other official media followed suit, arguing that there exist many problems including food hygiene and product quality.北京市政府的官方报纸《北京日报》发表评论称,“地摊经济”不适合首都,并表示北京市没有放宽对街头摆摊的规定。其他官方媒体也纷纷响应,认为地摊经济存在包括食品卫生和产品质量在内的许多问题。Street vendors are an integral part of urban economy, adding vitality to city life, but it meanwhile brings enormous controversy. To develop the street vending economy, health and safety regulations and urban planning should be taken into consideration. Besides, establishing street vendors’ organizations will help to legitimize this informal economy and to make innovative policies that will enable vendors to have a voice in city development.街头小贩是城市经济不可或缺的一部分,为城市生活增添了活力,但同时也引起巨大争议。 发展地摊经济应考虑卫生和安全法规以及城市规划等问题。此外,建立街头小贩组织有利于这种非正式经济活动的合法化,并有助于制定创新性政策,从而在城市发展过程中赋予小贩发言权。VOCABULARYrevive v. 复苏street vending economy 地摊经济high profile adj. 高调的spur v. 鼓舞;促进street vendor 街头小贩legitimize v. 合法化

练习 | BBC新闻:桑德斯退出2020年美国大选 拜登将决战特朗普

BBC新闻:桑德斯退出2020年美国大选 拜登将决战特朗普燕山大学 刘立军 供稿uTRANSCRIPTBBC news with Gareth Barlow.Britain has recorded its worst daily figure to datefor hospital patients with coronavirus who have died, 938. The number of confirmed infections has also risen by 10%. In Italy, there's been further evidence that the pandemic is slowing. The number of people who currently have the virus has risen by just over 1%.The condition of the British prime minister Boris Johnson is said to be improving as he spends a third night under intensive care with Covid-19. Official said Mr. Johnson had been sitting up and engaging positively with those looking after him.The Saudi-led coalition fighting Houthis rebels in Yemen has announced its halting military operations nationwide in support of the efforts to end the five-year war. The initiative taking effect at noon on Thursday aims to facilitate the start of U.N.-brokered peace talks.The U.S. senator Bernie Sanders has suspended his campaign for the democratic presidential nomination. The ways now are clear for the former vice president Joe Biden to become the democratic candidate and challenge president Trump in November.The governor of New York state Andrew Cuomo has called for a search into why a higher percentage of people from minority communities are dying from the coronavirus. The mayor of New York city has given figures indicating that Hispanics and Asians, as well as black residents suffer disproportionally.Sudan has doubled the price of bread in the capital Khartoum from one dollar per loafto two dollars. It's thought other parts of the country may follow suit. High bread prices triggered massive protests, which led to the downfall last year of president Omar al-Bashir. And United Nations has warned that a severe coronavirus outbreak in South Sudan will have disastrous consequences for millions of vulnerablecitizens. The UN says internally displaced people are particular at risk. BBC news.uVOCABULARY1. to date: until now 迄今为止;到目前为止;直到现在。例如:To date, we have received over 200 replies. 到目前为止,我们已收到200多封回信。2. disproportionallyadv. 不相称地,不均衡地3. loafn. an amount of bread that has been shaped and baked in one piece 一条(面包)。例如:a loaf of bread一条面包4. vulnerableadj. vulnerable (to sb./sth.)weak and easily hurt physically or emotionally(身体上或感情上)脆弱的,易受……伤害的。例如:The sudden resignation of the financial director put the company in a very vulnerable position. 财务部主任的突然辞职使得这家公司岌岌可危。uQUESTIONSRead the passage. Then listen to the news and fill in the blanks with the information (words, phrases or sentences) you hear.BBC news with Gareth Barlow.Britain has recorded its worst daily figure to date for hospital patients with coronavirus who have died, 938. The number of confirmed infections has also (Q1) _________________by 10%. In Italy, there's been further evidence that the (Q2) _________________ is slowing. The number of people who currently have the virus has risen by just over 1%.The condition of the British prime minister Boris Johnson is said to be improving as he spends a third night under (Q3) ___________________________ with Covid-19. Official said Mr. Johnson had been sitting up and engaging positively with those looking after him.The Saudi-led coalition fighting Houthis rebels in Yemen has announced its halting military operations nationwide (Q4) ___________________ the efforts to end the five-year war. The initiative taking effect at noon on Thursday aims to (Q5) __________________ the start of U.N.-brokered peace talks.The U.S. senator Bernie Sanders has suspended his campaign for the democratic presidential nomination. The ways now are clear for the former vice president Joe Biden to become the (Q6) _________________________ and challenge president Trump in November.The governor of New York state Andrew Cuomo has called for a search into why a higher percentage of people from (Q7) ____________________ communities are dying from the coronavirus. The mayor of New York city has given figures indicating that Hispanics and Asians, as well as black residents suffer disproportionally.Sudan has doubled the price of bread in the capital Khartoum from one dollar per loaf to two dollars. It's thought other parts of the country may follow suit. High bread prices triggered (Q8) __________________________, which led to the downfall last year of president Omar al-Bashir. And United Nations has warned that a severe coronavirus outbreak in South Sudan will have disastrous consequences for millions of (Q9) _________________________. The UN says (Q10) _________________________ displaced people are particular at risk. BBC news.uKEYl精简版(Q1) risen(Q2) pandemic(Q3) intensive care(Q4) in support of (Q5) facilitate(Q6) democratic candidate(Q7) minority (Q8) massive protests(Q9) vulnerable citizens(Q10) internallyl完整版BBC news with Gareth Barlow.Britain has recorded its worst daily figure to date for hospital patients with coronavirus who have died, 938. The number of confirmed infections has also (Q1) risenby 10%. In Italy, there's been further evidence that the (Q2) pandemicis slowing. The number of people who currently have the virus has risen by just over 1%.The condition of the British prime minister Boris Johnson is said to be improving as he spends a third night under (Q3) intensive carewith Covid-19. Official said Mr. Johnson had been sitting up and engaging positively with those looking after him.The Saudi-led coalition fighting Houthis rebels in Yemen has announced its halting military operations nationwide (Q4) in support ofthe efforts to end the five-year war. The initiative taking effect at noon on Thursday aims to (Q5) facilitatethe start of U.N.-brokered peace talks.The U.S. senator Bernie Sanders has suspended his campaign for the democratic presidential nomination. The ways now are clear for the former vice president Joe Biden to become the (Q6) democratic candidateand challenge president Trump in November.The governor of New York state Andrew Cuomo has called for a search into why a higher percentage of people from (Q7) minoritycommunities are dying from the coronavirus. The mayor of New York city has given figures indicating that Hispanics and Asians, as well as black residents suffer disproportionally.Sudan has doubled the price of bread in the capital Khartoum from one dollar per loaf to two dollars. It's thought other parts of the country may follow suit. High bread prices triggered (Q8) massive protests, which led to the downfall last year of president Omar al-Bashir. And United Nations has warned that a severe coronavirus outbreak in South Sudan will have disastrous consequences for millions of (Q9) vulnerable citizens. The UN says (Q10) internallydisplaced people are particular at risk. BBC news.

练习 | CNN新闻: 美国学校秋季是否开学

TRANSCRIPTWhen Friday, you're in high school, they wanta senior superlative for mostly likely to be awesome. I'm Carl Azuz for CNN 10. Thank you for spending part of your Friday with us. School is actually the first subject we have for you today. When is it going to reopen? It's a simple question with complicated answers across the United States. There are so many different plans in different places and they could all change.Even though at least 31 states say they'll partially reopen over the next few days, this doesn't include their schools. Most school buildings in America have been shutdown for the rest of the 2019-2020 academic year. Classes may still be in session, they're just online.In some states with fewer corona virus cases, places like Montana and Wyoming, schools will be allowed to reopen this month but they may choose to stay closed to help prevent the spread of the disease. And what will school look like this fall? Can students and teachers expect a more normal looking campus then? It will most likely depend on how widespread COVID-19 is in different areas. The governments of Maryland and Washington, which have each seen thousands of corona virus cases have told school districts it's possible their doors won't reopen in the fall and that they should be prepared for online learning beyond this summer.But contrast that with colleges in Alabama, North Carolina, North Dakota and Texas, dozens of campuses across these states say they're gearing up for the return of students and teachers this fall. Things may not look the same thing though. School officials across the country are trying to figure out ways to keep students spread out and classrooms from getting too crowded.Masks may be required on some campuses. Officials plan to keep closer tabs on who's been infected with corona virus and where those people went before they got sick. And sports events bring up new questions entirely. Will football games still be played in front of 80,000 screaming fans? So even as some businesses start to reopen across America, there's still a lot of uncertainty hanging over the country's schools.VOCABULARY1. shutdown n. the act of closing a factory or business or stopping a large machine from working, either temporarily or permanently 停业;停工;关闭;倒闭;停止运转。例如:factory shutdowns 工厂倒闭2. keep closer tabs on sb. / sth. 密切注意,严密监视 (某人的一举一动) 。例如:It was obvious Hill had come over to keep tabs on Johnson and make sure he didn't do anything drastic. 显然,希尔是来密切监视约翰逊的,以确保他不做出什么过激举动。QUESTIONSRead the statements. Then listen to the news and decide whether the statements are true (T) or false (F).1. When are schools going to reopen in the United States? It is a complicated question with simple answers.2. At least 32 states say they'll partially reopen over the next few days, but this doesn't include their schools.3. All school buildings in America have been shutdown for the rest of the 2019-2020 academic year.4. In some states with fewer corona virus cases, places like Montana and Wyoming, schools will be allowed to reopen this month.5. The governments of Maryland and Washington have told school districts it's possible their doors will reopen after the summer.6. School officials across the country are trying to figure out ways to keep students spread out and classrooms from getting too crowded.7. Masks are required on campuses.8. Officials plan to keep closer tabs on who's been infected with corona virus.9. Sports events bring up new questions entirely.10. Although businesses start to reopen across America, there's still a lot of uncertainty hanging over the country's universities.KEYRead the statements. Then listen to the news and decide whether the statements are true (T) or false (F).(F) 1. When are schools going to reopen in the United States? It is a complicated question with simple answers.(正确表达)When are schools going to reopen in the United States? It is a simple question with complicated answers.(F) 2. At least 32 states say they'll partially reopen over the next few days, but this doesn't include their schools.(正确表达)At least 31 states say they'll partially reopen over the next few days, but this doesn't include their schools.(F) 3. All school buildings in America have been shutdown for the rest of the 2019-2020 academic year.(正确表达)Most school buildings in America have been shutdown for the rest of the 2019-2020 academic year.(T) 4. In some states with fewer corona virus cases, places like Montana and Wyoming, schools will be allowed to reopen this month.(F) 5. The governments of Maryland and Washington have told school districts it's possible their doors will reopen after the summer.(正确表达)The governments of Maryland and Washington have told school districts it's possible their doors won't reopen in the fall.(T) 6. School officials across the country are trying to figure out ways to keep students spread out and classrooms from getting too crowded.(F) 7. Masks are required on campuses.(正确表达)Masks may be required on some campuses.(T) 8. Officials plan to keep closer tabs on who's been infected with corona virus.(T) 9. Sports events bring up new questions entirely.(F) 10. Although businesses start to reopen across America, there's still a lot of uncertainty hanging over the country's universities.(正确表达)Although businesses start to reopen across America, there's still a lot of uncertainty hanging over the country's schools.

新闻听力 | VOA常速:2020世界地球日

TRANSCRIPTOn April 22nd, more than 190 countries, including the United States, will celebrate Earth Day. It is a day to reflect on the impact humans have on the earth, and to demonstrate and reaffirm our support for environmental protection. The first Earth Day was planned as a Teach-in, a day to inform about environmental issues. Earth Day's founder, United States Senator Gaylord Nelson, an environmental activist who was outraged by the lack of political response to gross environmental degradation throughout the country, said that he was "convinced that all we need to do to bring an overwhelming insistence of the new generation that we stem the tide of environmental disaster is to present the facts clearly and dramatically. Every university should set aside one day in the school year - the same day across the Nation - for the teach-in." His plan worked: over 20 million people turned up for Senator Nelson's first Earth Day Teach-in on April 22, 1970. And from then on, the movement grew spontaneously, creating its own momentum with no central organization.This year, the United States marks Earth Day by highlighting the need to curb the dramatic growth in the world's mismanaged waste and marine debris. Mismanaged waste pollutes the terrestrial environment and flows into our ocean, affecting marine health everywhere. Marine debris, including microplastics in the ocean, can lead to declining global fish stocks, and costs billions of dollars to fisheries, tourism, and other industries. The United States is working internationally to encourage technological innovation in the waste sector, to spur new infrastructure investment and private sector engagement, to collaborate in scientific research, to promote market solutions, and to raise public awareness about the threats of unmanaged waste and marine debris. On Earth Day 2018, we celebrate the ingenuity of those who are rising to the many challenges to protect our environment and natural heritage while promoting economic growth and shared prosperity.VOCABULARY1. impact n. the powerful effect that sth. has on sb. / sth. 巨大影响;强大作用。例如:the environmental impact of tourism旅游事业对环境的巨大影响2. teach-in n. an informal lecture and discussion on a subject of public interest (以公众关注的事情等为题的)宣讲会,座谈会3. outrage v. to make sb. very shocked and angry 使震怒;激怒。例如:He was outraged at the way he had been treated. 他对所遭受的待遇感到非常愤怒。4. momentum n. the ability to keep increasing or developing 推进力;动力;势头。例如:The fight for his release gathers momentum each day. 为争取他获释而进行的斗争声势日益壮大。5. curb v. to control or limit sth., especially sth. bad 控制,抑制,限定,约束(不好的事物)。例如:He needs to learn to curb his temper. 他得学着控制自己的脾气。6. debris n. (formal) pieces of material that are not wanted and rubbish / garbage that are left somewhere 残渣;垃圾;废弃物。例如:Clear away leaves and other garden debris from the pond.把池塘里的树叶和其他庭园垃圾清除干净。7. shared prosperity 共同繁荣QUESTIONSRead the passage. Then listen to the news and fill in the blanks with the information (words, phrases or sentences) you hear.On April 22nd, more than 190 countries, including the United States, will celebrate Earth Day. It is a day to reflect on the (Q1) __________________ humans have on the earth, and to demonstrate and reaffirm our support for environmental protection. The first Earth Day was planned as a Teach-in, a day to inform about environmental issues. Earth Day's founder, United States Senator Gaylord Nelson, an environmental activist who was (Q2) ___________ by the lack of (Q3) _______________________ to gross environmental degradation throughout the country, said that he was "convinced that all we need to do to bring an overwhelming insistence of the new generation that we stem the tide of environmental disaster is to present the facts clearly and dramatically. Every university should set aside one day in the school year - the same day across the Nation - for the teach-in." His plan worked: over 20 million people turned up for Senator Nelson's first Earth Day Teach-in on April 22, 1970. And from then on, the movement grew (Q4) ________, creating its own momentum with no central organization.This year, the United States marks Earth Day by (Q5) ______________________ to curb the dramatic growth in the world's mismanaged waste and marine debris. Mismanaged waste pollutes the terrestrial environment and flows into our ocean, affecting marine health everywhere. Marine debris, including microplastics in the ocean, can lead to declining global fish stocks, and costs billions of dollars to fisheries, tourism, and other industries. The United States is working internationally to encourage (Q6) _______________ in the waste sector, to spur new (Q7) ____________________ and private sector engagement, to collaborate in scientific research, to promote market solutions, and to raise (Q8) __________________________ about the threats of unmanaged waste and marine debris. On Earth Day 2018, we celebrate the (Q9) ______________ of those who are rising to the many challenges to protect our environment and natural heritage while promoting economic growth and (Q10) _______________.KEYRead the passage. Then listen to the news and fill in the blanks with the information (words, phrases or sentences) you hear.简化版(Q1) impact(Q2) outraged(Q3) political response(Q4) spontaneously(Q5) highlighting the need(Q6) technological innovation(Q7) infrastructure investment(Q8) public awareness(Q9) ingenuity(Q10) shared prosperity完整版On April 22nd, more than 190 countries, including the United States, will celebrate Earth Day. It is a day to reflect on the (Q1) impact humans have on the earth, and to demonstrate and reaffirm our support for environmental protection. The first Earth Day was planned as a Teach-in, a day to inform about environmental issues. Earth Day's founder, United States Senator Gaylord Nelson, an environmental activist who was (Q2)outraged by the lack of (Q3) political response to gross environmental degradation throughout the country, said that he was "convinced that all we need to do to bring an overwhelming insistence of the new generation that we stem the tide of environmental disaster is to present the facts clearly and dramatically. Every university should set aside one day in the school year -- the same day across the Nation -- for the teach-in." His plan worked: over 20 million people turned up for Senator Nelson's first Earth Day Teach-in on April 22, 1970. And from then on, the movement grew (Q4) spontaneously, creating its own momentum with no central organization.This year, the United States marks Earth Day by (Q5)highlighting the need to curb the dramatic growth in the world's mismanaged waste and marine debris. Mismanaged waste pollutes the terrestrial environment and flows into our ocean, affecting marine health everywhere. Marine debris, including microplastics in the ocean, can lead to declining global fish stocks, and costs billions of dollars to fisheries, tourism, and other industries. The United States is working internationally to encourage (Q6) technological innovation in the waste sector, to spur new (Q7) infrastructure investment and private sector engagement, to collaborate in scientific research, to promote market solutions, and to raise (Q8) public awareness about the threats of unmanaged waste and marine debris. On Earth Day 2018, we celebrate the (Q9)ingenuity of those who are rising to the many challenges to protect our environment and natural heritage while promoting economic growth and (Q10)shared prosperity.

第十届教学大赛视听说课组二等奖高洁授课

授课点评:高洁老师是一位优秀的高校青年英语教师,是一位颇具潜力的优秀选手。其个人形象、英语表达、教学准备及课堂教学安排等多个方面都能展示出优秀素质。她的个人形象优美,落落大方,活泼亲和,着装得体,具备青年英语教师的一切正面要求。作为英语教师,其英语口头表达自然、流畅、简洁,能够很好满足课堂教学需要。从其课堂展示可以看出,她认真踏实,课前做了比较充足的准备工作。其PPT制作能够满足课堂教学需要,有关黄晓明的语言示例选取、两段听力材料的准备、学生课堂分组讨论的话题准备等显示她课前有准备,对课堂有设计。高洁老师的20分钟课堂教学安排较为完整。她交代了课堂受众的英语水平、整个教学的任务、拟采用的教学方法以及拟展示的具体教学内容。开课前的一分钟总体介绍符合课堂教学的基本规范。作为青年教师,就视听说课而言,她颇具潜力,但尚有一定的提升空间。就其教学过程而言,以下意见和建议可供参考与讨论。首先,对先进教学理念的融会贯通尚不够娴熟,教学经验有待提升。其课堂的总体安排从宏观上看基本没有问题,但落实到整个20分钟的具体教学点便存在一些问题。她提出任务驱动(task-based)、以学生为中心(student-centered)的教学理念,这一点非常优秀。但纵观整个展示过程我们未能观察到其“以学生为中心”的教学与传统的、没有先进理念支撑的普通课堂教学有何明显差别。这就说明我们要对以学生为中心的教学理念有比较透彻的理解,并能切实实践之,否则就会流于形式,不着实际。关于任务驱动,本节课的任务应该是从表达式,语音语调等语言点出发,教授学生学习用英语给别人提建议,但高洁老师的具体处理呈线性流动,基本平铺直叙,看不到重点,缺乏系统的梳理和逐层的推进,每个知识点的导入缺乏条理性和逻辑性,导致整个过程立体感不突出,具体任务不明确。比如说,请学生回答问题是检验和训练他们的遣词造句能力,还是锻炼他们的语音语调能力呢?这一点不仅从知识点的安排上看不出来,从提问和回应学生的反应上也未能体现。其次,语言学理论知识有待进一步提升。老师不仅要自己懂、会使用,还需要了解相关语言现象背后的原理,懂得如何在教学过程中内化之,使其服务于教学。例如,这节课的任务主要是教授学生使用“建议言语行为”。老师需要具备相应的语用学知识,语法知识和语音学知识,懂得把相关的语用、语法、语音理论和知识融入教学,形成从语用到语法再到语音语调的知识链,结合相关教学素材和学生的互动实践,教会何时使用、如何把握用词和语调,以及背后的原因。在具体操练时应针对学生的反应来进一步落实这些理论或知识。同事,还需牢记视听说课程是一门技能课,因此语言学理论要服务于学生语言技能的提升。最后,对视听说课的教学使命也应该有更为全面的理解,要有多模态教学理念。这节展示有“听”,也有“说”,但对“视”几乎没有涉及。点评专家:向明友教授

第十届教学大赛综合课组二等奖朱晓星授课

授课点评:朱晓星老师的授课从整体来看,教学设计精巧,教学程序合理,教学方法得当,师生互动较好,思想内容突出,教态亲和自然。朱老师从知识、技能和态度三个层面确定单元教学目标,比较合理,特别是对典故、隐喻等修辞手法和共情、乐于助人等情感态度培养的把握比较准确。在20分钟的教学中,朱老师重点关注了课文结构、典故的运用和批判思维练习。她从问题和个人经历开始,激发学生对课文主题的思考,与学生的即兴互动效果不错(4' 30''—5' 15'')。在分析文章结构时,她从problem-solution essay的框架入手进行剖析,较好地帮助学生理解文章的思想内容(6' 26''—7' 35'')。朱老师本次讲课令人印象最为深刻的是,她能够激发学生对Giving和Receiving的思辨——除了开头的预热互动,朱老师还在批判思维练习环节组织了围绕"What is the necessity for the rich to comprehend the outside life?""What else can we give to others?"和"Is giving a responsibility or an option?"这几个问题的讨论,很好发挥了外语学科工具性和人文性兼具的特点,促使学生深入思考,积极表达思想,起到了教书又育人的作用(13' 28''—18' 00'')。最后围绕课文主题布置的作业也很有特色,既是对课上思想碰撞的延续,也是提高语言运用能力的训练,作业形式还兼顾了小组和个人、口头和书面,非常棒!或许因为将较多时间用于主题讨论,朱老师对语言层面的教学关注较少,如果在分析文章结构的时候,能对句子和段落之间的起承转合及过渡衔接给予点拨,学生收获会更大。比如,在精读课文环节,PPT上显示了提供问题解决方案的三个It开头的句子(13' 00''—13' 20''),这里可以顺势解释一下排比句的用法,还可以稍微展开一下,讨论篇章中句子之间如何衔接的问题,但朱老师在此只关注了阅读理解,同时有点突兀地提到了Yin and Yang与Give and Receive的关系,略显遗憾。另一建议与提问评委梅德明老师一致,即,老师在对一个主题单元某个内容板块进行教学设计和备课时,应该对整个单元所有板块的教学材料都有过研读,只有这样才能做到前后贯通,相互借鉴,更有效使用教材。此外,朱老师授课语言表达流利自然,但个别语音不够准确,如agree, through, ten, key等单词中元音的发音不到位。点评专家:张红玲教授

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