双语阅读 | 疫情期间的心理防疫战

In China the emergence of novel coronavirus (2019-nCoV) has not only threatened people’s physical health, but triggered mental health concerns as well. People may feel frustration, anxiety and fear confronting the coronavirus outbreak.在中国,新冠状病毒的出现不仅威胁着人们的生理健康,而且也引发了对心理健康的担忧。面对疫情的爆发,人们会感到沮丧、焦虑和恐惧。The epidemic trauma is especially unbearable for the patients. Besides anxiety over their health status, patients usually experience a strong sense of guilt, blaming themselves for infection of others. Aware of the psychological problems, hospital staff often offer words of comfort and arrange psychological counseling workshops. There are meanwhile dancing and other delightful activities in the hospital to appease the loneliness of patients.对于患者来说,此次流行病造成的心理创伤尤其严重。除去对自身健康状况的担忧之外,他们通常还承受着强烈的负罪感,为感染他人而自责不已。在注意到患者的心理问题之后,医护人员会时常好言安慰,并且为他们安排心理咨询讨论会。同时医院还会组织跳舞等娱乐活动来帮助缓解病人的孤独感。Frontline medical staff should also have access to professional mental health services. Though they can spare no time to be afraid during the intensive work, exhaustion, depression and helplessness still haunt them after work. What’s worse, some agitated patients or their families have been taking out their frustration on these health care providers.处于抗“疫”前线的医疗人员也应获得专业的心理健康服务。虽然在高强度的工作中他们无暇感受恐惧,但在下班后,疲倦、郁闷和无助之感同样困扰着他们。更糟的是,一些焦虑不安的患者及其家属会将自己的沮丧情绪发泄在医疗人员身上。Zhang Hong, deputy chief physician of Wuhan Mental Health Center, believes that without psychological intervention, some doctors and nurses may suffer from long-term severe psychological disorders. To protect medical workers, a circular was released that orders them to take mandatory rest after long working hours and receive timely mental health consultation.武汉精神卫生中心副主任医师张红认为,如若不接受心理治疗,一些医生和护士可能会患上长期的、严重的心理疾病。为保护医疗工作者,政府发布通知要求为长时间工作的医护人员安排强制休息和及时的心理健康咨询。As for the public, this health crisis has caused some social disturbances. Due to the overconsumption of media and the overemphasis of some media on the problem, the public is prone to negative emotions and even extreme behavior. To preserve the public mental health, 24-hour hotlines have been opened and psychological aid teams have been established on line, with psychologists and psychiatrists promoting mental health knowledge and maintaining social stability. In addition, people themselves should avoid frequently and repeatedly checking the updates and pay attention to the reliability of information.从民众层面来说,这场健康危机造成了一定的社会混乱。过度消费媒体信息,加上一些媒体对疫情的夸大,使民众容易产生负面情绪,甚至出现极端行为。为维护公众心理健康,目前已开通24小时热线电话并成立线上心理救助团队,这些平台的心理学家和医师正致力于推广心理健康知识,从而促进社会稳定。此外,民众自身也应避免频繁、反复地查看疫情进展,同时应注意信息的可靠性。Vocabularytrigger v. 引起confront v. 面对,面临trauma n. 精神创伤workshop n. 研讨会agitated adj. 焦虑不安的circular n. 通知mandatory adj. 强制的psychiatrist n. 心理医生

双语阅读 | 美国海洋世界将取消“骑海豚冲浪”表演

美国海洋世界将取消“骑海豚冲浪”表演叶心怡 供稿Recently, SeaWorld decided to cut all “dolphin surfing” trainer tricks during dolphin shows in all of its marine parks. Visitors will no longer see any tricks that include trainers riding through the water on dolphins on their backs or snouts.近日,美国海洋世界决定取消旗下所有海洋公园的海豚表演中“骑海豚冲浪”的节目。以后游客将再也不会看到驯养员骑在海豚背上或站在海豚鼻尖上冲浪的场景了。This is another big change that SeaWorld has made to enhance animal welfare since the release of an explosive documentary titled Blackfish in 2013, which revealed the cruel treatment a killer whale received from human beings. From then on, SeaWorld has stopped breeding orca, ceased all whale kissing and dancing performances, and provided more educative performances and less circus-style ones.2013年,纪录片《黑鲸》上映,该片讲述了一头虎鲸遭受来自人类的种种残酷虐待,引发轰动。自此以后,美国海洋世界终止了虎鲸繁殖项目,去除了鲸鱼亲吻、舞蹈等节目,删减马戏团风格的海洋动物表演,转而加入更多更有教育意义的活动。此次取消骑海豚冲浪表演是其保护动物的又一重大举措。The latest decision of SeaWorld to cancel dolphin surfing was disclosed in a letter sent by one of its attorneys to the Securities and Exchange Commission at the beginning of February. The letter mentioned that the idea was put forward by People for the Ethical Treatment of Animal (PETA), a holder of SeaWorld stock, which proposed a shareholder vote in December, 2019 to end dolphin surfing in the parks’ shows.海洋世界最新的取消骑海豚冲浪表演的决定最早是在二月初海洋世界的一名代理律师向美国证券交易委员会提交的一封信函中披露的。信中提到,该项决定是由海洋世界股东之一、善待动物组织(PETA)发起,该组织于2019年12月召集海洋世界股东投票决定是否取消海洋公园中表演的骑海豚冲浪节目。It is stated in the letter that the parks have already stopped their trainers from riding on the back of dolphins, and will remove the tricks that include riding on a dolphin’s snout in a few months.该信称,所有公园已禁止驯养员骑在海豚背上进行表演,并将在未来几个月内去除包括站在海豚鼻尖上的其他表演。This is an improvement since it reduces abuse at SeaWorld, but orcas and other dolphins are still subject to some other cruel practices. Dolphins in the wild swim around 100 kilometers a day, but in SeaWorld they are usually locked up in tiny concrete tanks. In addition, they are often placed in unfamiliar groupings, which can cause much stress and aggressive behaviors.这项举措是海洋世界在减少动物虐待方面的一个进步,但虎鲸和其他海豚科动物依然遭受着其他残酷的对待。野生海豚每天大约游100公里,但在海洋世界里,它们往往被禁锢在狭小的水泥池中。另外,这些海豚经常被迫与陌生海豚共处,这样容易给海豚带来很大的压力并导致攻击性行为。According to PETA’s executive vice president, SeaWorld may ultimately release these creatures to seaside sanctuaries, but only on being dragged. PETA is now pressing the company to put a plan in place.PETA执行副总裁表示,海洋世界最终可能将这些海洋动物都投放到滨海动物保护区,但是只有持续对其施压,他们才会采取行动。因此,PETA正在敦促海洋世界尽快落实该项计划。Vocabularysnout: n. 口鼻部、吻部orca: n. 虎鲸、逆戟鲸、杀人鲸attorney: n. (法律或财务方面的)代理人sanctuary: n. 保护区、禁猎区

练习 | 冠状病毒问答(WHO):如何正确佩戴与处理口罩

冠状病毒问答(WHO): What is the correct way to wear and dispose of masks?燕山大学 刘立军 编写uTRANSCRIPTIf you decide to wear medical maskwhich is pleatedand flat like this one, it is important to wear and discardit correctly. Otherwise, instead of protecting you, the mask becomes a source of infection because of the germs that may stay on it.To wear it correctly, you should locate the metal strip at the top of the mask, place over your nose bridge, secure the elastics around your ears, or tie the strings behind your head. Make sure it covers your nose, mouth, and chin. While in use, do not touch the front of your mask.To remove the mask, take the elastics from around your ears or untie the strings behind your head. Do not touch the front of the mask as it may be contaminated. Remove the mask and discard in a closed bin.Cleanse your hands with alcohol hand rub or soap and water. Hand hygiene should be done if you accidentally touch the front of your mask while wearing it. If your mask becomes damp or humid, replace it with a new dry mask. Never reuse single-use masks and discard them immediately into closed bins after each use.For more information on mask use and the New Coronavirus, check WHO website at who.int.uVOCABULARY1.maskn. a covering for part or all of the face, worn to hide or protect it 面具;面罩。例如:a gas/surgical mask防毒面具;医用口罩2.pleatedadj. having pleats 打褶的;有褶的。例如:a pleated skirt有褶的裙子3.discardv. to get rid of sth that you no longer want or need 丢弃;抛弃。例如:The room was littered with discarded newspapers. 房间里到处是乱扔的报纸。4.contaminatev. to make a substance or place dirty or no longer pure by adding a substance that is dangerous or carries disease 污染;弄脏。例如:The drinking water has become contaminated with lead. 饮用水被铅污染了。uQUESTIONSRead the passage. Then listen to the news and fill in the blanks with the information (words, phrases or sentences) you hear.If you decide to wear medical mask which is pleated and flat like this one, it is important to wear and (Q1) _______________ it correctly. Otherwise, instead of protecting you, the mask becomes a source of infection because of the (Q2) _________________ that may stay on it.To (Q3) ____________________________, you should locate the metal strip at the top of the mask, place over your (Q4) _______________________, secure the elastics around your ears, or tie the strings behind your head. Make sure it covers your nose, mouth, and chin. While in use, do not touch the (Q5) ___________________ of your mask.To (Q6) ________________________, take the elastics from around your ears or untie the strings behind your head. Do not touch the front of the mask as it may be contaminated. Remove the mask and discard in (Q7) _______________________.(Q8) ______________________ your hands with alcohol hand rub or soap and water. Hand hygiene should be done if you accidentally touch the front of your mask while wearing it. If your mask becomes damp or (Q9) ___________________, replace it with a new dry mask. Never (Q10) ______ single-use masks and discard them immediately into closed bins after each use.For more information on mask use and the New Coronavirus, check WHO website at who.int.uKEY Read the passage. Then listen to the news and fill in the blanks with the information (words, phrases or sentences) you hear.l简化版(Q1) discard (Q2) germs (Q3) wear it correctly (Q4) nose bridge (Q5) front(Q6) remove the mask (Q7) a closed bin(Q8) Cleanse (Q9) humid (Q10) reusel完整版If you decide to wear medical mask which is pleated and flat like this one, it is important to wear and (Q1) discardit correctly. Otherwise, instead of protecting you, the mask becomes a source of infection because of the (Q2) germsthat may stay on it.To (Q3) wear it correctly, you should locate the metal strip at the top of the mask, place over your (Q4) nose bridge, secure the elastics around your ears, or tie the strings behind your head. Make sure it covers your nose, mouth, and chin. While in use, do not touch the (Q5) frontof your mask.To (Q6) remove the mask, take the elastics from around your ears or untie the strings behind your head. Do not touch the front of the mask as it may be contaminated. Remove the mask and discard in (Q7) a closed bin.(Q8) Cleanseyour hands with alcohol hand rub or soap and water. Hand hygiene should be done if you accidentally touch the front of your mask while wearing it. If your mask becomes damp or (Q9) humid, replace it with a new dry mask. Never (Q10) reusesingle-use masks and discard them immediately into closed bins after each use.For more information on mask use and the New Coronavirus, check WHO website at who.int.

练习 | 工作时心不在焉如何表达

VOA词汇掌故:工作时心不在焉如何表达燕山大学 刘立军 编写TRANSCRIPTNow, it's time for Words and Their Stories. On this program we explore common expressions in American English. Today, we talk about expressions that began behind the wheels of automobiles. Now they are common expressions that we use in everyday conversations. Well, let's not delay any longer. Let's get this show on the road!"To get the show on the road" means to begin something as soon as possible. It's a casual expression that we use when we want to start something, anything—an activity or project or an actual road trip.Well, not any activity. You would not likely use this expression to begin something sad, such as a funeral. It is a lighthearted expression.Word experts say that the phrase comes from traveling circuses and other shows of the early 1900s in the United States. These entertainers would travel from town to town bringing their performances to people not able to travel to big cities for entertainment.So, the person who says "hey, let's get this show on the road!" is taking charge. They want to start things. They want to get things going. You could say they are in the driver's seat. Just as the driver is in control of their vehicle, the person in the driver's seat of an activity, event or project is also in control. They are the leader. Feel free to use this phrase in any situation, formal or informal.Speaking of free, most rides are not. They cost money. When you take a taxi you must pay for it. If you drive a car, you must pay for gas, repairs and insurance. It is great when you get a free ride to where you are going.However, in life, to get a free ride means to gain from something without having to do anything in exchange. It can be annoying to have a friend or co-worker who is always trying to get a free ride. They do not give. They just take, take, take!Now, when we are actually driving, the phrase go down that road simply means to drive down a road. We would say this when we give directions. "Go down that road for about a mile and you'll see your destination on the right."But in conversation it has an interesting meaning.To go down that road means to make a decision. But it's more than that. It also means that this decision may bring trouble or leave you in a difficult place. We often use this phrase as a warning or when we give advice to someone.Let's say a good friend, Veronica, has a neighbor who likes causing trouble. He has loud parties every weekend until the wee hours of the night. The trash from his parties often spills out into her lawn. Veronica tells you she is going to get even with this neighbor. She plans to play opera music very loudly very early every morning until his late, loud parties stop!You might tell her, "Are you sure you want to go down that road? It could lead to trouble."Maybe you have made the same mistake. You could advise your friend, "I've been down that road before and it did not go as I had planned!"Where the rubber meets the road is another interesting phrase.Here rubber refers to the tires of a vehicle. Where the rubber meets the road is the point of contact between automobile tires and the road. It's when and where the car actually moves. It's also when you find out how the car performs.So the expression rubber meets the road means the point at which a product, idea or method is tested.Imagine you have been studying different methods of teaching people English. So far, it has all been theories. Where the rubber meets the road will be in a class full of students. That will be the real test! Will those theories actually help your students learn English? We shall see!Some driving behaviors are really dangerous and can lead to accidents.For example, when you cut someone off in traffic you turn your car into their lane in a dangerous way, nearly hitting them!You can also cut people off in conversation. Used in this way, to cut someone off (or cut off someone) means to interrupt what they are saying. It is not dangerous but it is extremely annoying.Driving in the middle of the road is really dangerous. You could crash into oncoming traffic! But in conversation, being in the middle of the road is actually a really safe place. It means you are taking a moderate position on some issue. You are not at or near one extreme or the other.The most dangerous driving behavior is not paying attention to the road. Many wrecks happen when people do not pay attention. The worst thing, by far, is to fall asleep at the wheel.We also use this expression in our conversations. To be asleep at the wheel means you are not paying attention to something that should have your attention. If the leader of a project is asleep at the wheel it means she's not paying attention to the project. Something bad will probably happen.We here at Learning English are definitely not asleep at the wheel.That's right. We pay very close attention to our audience!And that's the end of this Words and Their Stories!I'm Bryan Lynn. And I'm Anna Matteo.VOCABULARY1. lighthearted adj. 轻松愉快的;无忧无虑的 Someone who is light-hearted is cheerful and happy. 例如:They were light-hearted and prepared to enjoy life. 他们无忧无虑,随时准备享受生活。2.the wee hours: 凌晨;深夜QUESTIONSRead the passage. Then listen to the news and fill in the blanks with the information (words, phrases or sentences) you hear.Now, it's time for Words and Their Stories.On this program we explore common expressions in American English.Today, we talk about expressions that began behind (Q1) __________________. Now they are (Q2) ______________________ that we use in everyday conversations.Well, let's not delay any longer. Let's get this show on the road!"(Q3) _____________________________" means to begin something as soon as possible. It's a casual expression that we use when we want to start something, anything - an activity or project or an actual road trip.Well, not any activity. You would not likely use this expression to begin something sad, such as a funeral. It is a lighthearted expression.Word experts say that the phrase comes from traveling circuses and other shows of the early 1900s in the United States. These entertainers would travel from town to town bringing their performances to people not able to travel to big cities for entertainment.So, the person who says "hey, let's get this show on the road!" is taking charge. They want to start things. They want to get things going. You could say they are in the driver's seat. Just as the driver is in control of their vehicle, the person in the driver's seat of an activity, event or project is also in control. They are the leader. Feel free to use this phrase in any situation, formal or informal.Speaking of free, most rides are not. They cost money. When you take a taxi you must pay for it. If you drive a car, you must pay for gas, repairs and insurance. It is great when you get a free ride to where you are going.However, in life, to (Q4) __________________________ means to gain from something without having to do anything in exchange. It can be annoying to have a friend or co-worker who is always trying to get a free ride. They do not give. They just take, take, take!Now, when we are actually driving, the phrase go down that road simply means to drive down a road. We would say this when we give directions. "Go down that road for about a mile and you'll see your destination on the right."But in conversation it has an interesting meaning.To (Q5) ___________________________ means to make a decision. But it's more than that. It also means that this decision may bring trouble or leave you in a difficult place. We often use this phrase as a warning or when we give advice to someone.Let's say a good friend, Veronica, has a neighbor who likes causing trouble. He has loud parties every weekend until the wee hours of the night. The trash from his parties often spills out into her lawn. Veronica tells you she is going to get even with this neighbor. She plans to play opera music very loudly very early every morning until his late, loud parties stop!You might tell her, "Are you sure you want to go down that road? It could lead to trouble."Maybe you have made the same mistake. You could advise your friend, "I've been down that road before and it did not go as I had planned!"(Q6) _____________________________________ is another interesting phrase.Here rubber refers to the tires of a vehicle. Where the rubber meets the road is the point of contact between automobile tires and the road. It's when and where the car actually moves. It's also when you find out how the car performs.So the expression rubber meets the road means the point at which a product, idea or method is tested.Imagine you have been studying different methods of teaching people English. So far, it has all been theories. Where the rubber meets the road will be in a class full of students. That will be the real test! Will those theories actually help your students learn English? We shall see!Some driving behaviors are really dangerous and can lead to accidents.For example, when you (Q7) _____________________________________ you turn your car into their lane in a dangerous way, nearly hitting them!You can also cut people off in conversation. Used in this way, to (Q8) _______________________ (or cut off someone) means to interrupt what they are saying. It is not dangerous but it is extremely annoying.Driving (Q9) ___________________________________ is really dangerous. You could crash into oncoming traffic! But in conversation, being in the middle of the road is actually a really safe place. It means you are taking a moderate position on some issue. You are not at or near one extreme or the other.The most dangerous driving behavior is not paying attention to the road. Many wrecks happen when people do not pay attention. The worst thing, by far, is to fall asleep at the wheel.We also use this expression in our conversations. To (Q10) ______________________________ means you are not paying attention to something that should have your attention. If the leader of a project is asleep at the wheel it means she's not paying attention to the project. Something bad will probably happen.We here at Learning English are definitely not asleep at the wheel.That's right. We pay very close attention to our audience!And that's the end of this Words and Their Stories!I'm Bryan Lynn. And I'm Anna Matteo.KEYRead the passage. Then listen to the news and fill in the blanks with the information (words, phrases or sentences) you hear.Now, it's time for Words and Their Stories.On this program we explore common expressions in American English.Today, we talk about expressions that began behind (Q1) the wheels of automobiles. Now they are (Q2) common expressions that we use in everyday conversations.Well, let's not delay any longer. Let's get this show on the road!"(Q3) To get the show on the road" means to begin something as soon as possible. It's a casual expression that we use when we want to start something, anything - an activity or project or an actual road trip.Well, not any activity. You would not likely use this expression to begin something sad, such as a funeral. It is a lighthearted expression.Word experts say that the phrase comes from traveling circuses and other shows of the early 1900s in the United States. These entertainers would travel from town to town bringing their performances to people not able to travel to big cities for entertainment.So, the person who says "hey, let's get this show on the road!" is taking charge. They want to start things. They want to get things going. You could say they are in the driver's seat. Just as the driver is in control of their vehicle, the person in the driver's seat of an activity, event or project is also in control. They are the leader. Feel free to use this phrase in any situation, formal or informal.Speaking of free, most rides are not. They cost money. When you take a taxi you must pay for it. If you drive a car, you must pay for gas, repairs and insurance. It is great when you get a free ride to where you are going.However, in life, to (Q4) get a free ride means to gain from something without having to do anything in exchange. It can be annoying to have a friend or co-worker who is always trying to get a free ride. They do not give. They just take, take, take!Now, when we are actually driving, the phrase go down that road simply means to drive down a road. We would say this when we give directions. "Go down that road for about a mile and you'll see your destination on the right."But in conversation it has an interesting meaning.To (Q5) go down that road means to make a decision. But it's more than that. It also means that this decision may bring trouble or leave you in a difficult place. We often use this phrase as a warning or when we give advice to someone.Let's say a good friend, Veronica, has a neighbor who likes causing trouble. He has loud parties every weekend until the wee hours of the night. The trash from his parties often spills out into her lawn. Veronica tells you she is going to get even with this neighbor. She plans to play opera music very loudly very early every morning until his late, loud parties stop!You might tell her, "Are you sure you want to go down that road? It could lead to trouble."Maybe you have made the same mistake. You could advise your friend, "I've been down that road before and it did not go as I had planned!"(Q6) Where the rubber meets the road is another interesting phrase.Here rubber refers to the tires of a vehicle. Where the rubber meets the road is the point of contact between automobile tires and the road. It's when and where the car actually moves. It's also when you find out how the car performs.So the expression rubber meets the road means the point at which a product, idea or method is tested.Imagine you have been studying different methods of teaching people English. So far, it has all been theories. Where the rubber meets the road will be in a class full of students. That will be the real test! Will those theories actually help your students learn English? We shall see!Some driving behaviors are really dangerous and can lead to accidents.For example, when you (Q7) cut someone off in traffic you turn your car into their lane in a dangerous way, nearly hitting them!You can also cut people off in conversation. Used in this way, to (Q8) cut someone off (or cut off someone) means to interrupt what they are saying. It is not dangerous but it is extremely annoying.Driving (Q9) in the middle of the road is really dangerous. You could crash into oncoming traffic! But in conversation, being in the middle of the road is actually a really safe place. It means you are taking a moderate position on some issue. You are not at or near one extreme or the other.The most dangerous driving behavior is not paying attention to the road. Many wrecks happen when people do not pay attention. The worst thing, by far, is to fall asleep at the wheel.We also use this expression in our conversations. To (Q10) be asleep at the wheel means you are not paying attention to something that should have your attention. If the leader of a project is asleep at the wheel it means she's not paying attention to the project. Something bad will probably happen.We here at Learning English are definitely not asleep at the wheel.That's right. We pay very close attention to our audience!And that's the end of this Words and Their Stories!I'm Bryan Lynn. And I'm Anna Matteo.

练习 | VOA慢速:新型冠状病毒

VOA慢速:新型冠状病毒New Coronavirus: What We Know燕山大学 刘立军 编写uTRANSCRIPTMore than 100 people have now died from the new coronavirus. The number of people infected in mainland China increased sharply in one day—from 2,700 Monday to more than 4,500 Tuesday. The increase comes even as China takes strong measures to contain the spread of the disease.lWhat is a coronavirus?Coronaviruses are a large family of viruses that cause disease in mammalsand birds. Coronaviruses can cause illnesses that range from the common cold to much more severe illnesses like Middle East Respiratory Syndrome (MERS) and Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome (SARS).Experts still do not have a clear picture of the severityof the new coronavirus.lWhat is a new coronavirus?Officials are calling the disease a "novel" or new coronavirus because it has not been found before in humans.The newly identified virus is thought to have spread to humans from wild animals sold at a market in Wuhan, in central China's Hubei province. But it is now spreading between people.Chinese officials say the disease is able to spread from one person to another even before any actual signs appear. This makes it especially hard to contain.lWhat are the signs of the new coronavirus?Signs of the disease among infected patients have included fever, cough, shortness of breath and general breathing difficulties. In more severe cases, the virus can cause pneumonia.Some people report few or no signs, while others have gotten very sick or even died.The U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention reports that signs of the virus may appear between two and 14 days after being near someone who is infected.lTreatment and PreventionThere is no special treatment for the new coronavirus. However, many of its effects are treatable, as long as a patient is in fair health.Because the virus is so new among humans, there is no available vaccine to protect against the disease. But the World Health Organization advises people to avoid close contact with anyone showing signs of a breathing sickness, such as coughing or sneezing. It also says people should wash their hands often and use safe food practices.The U.S. Centers for Disease Control also published prevention tips. It says wash your hands for at least 20 seconds with soap and water; avoid touching your face with unwashed hands; stay home when you are sick; and clean objects and surfaces that are touched often.I'm Ashley Thompson.Adapted from https://www.chinavoa.com/show-8788-242028-1.htmluVOCABULARY1.containv. to prevent sth harmful from spreading or getting worse 防止……蔓延(或恶化)。例如:to contain an epidemic防止流行病的蔓延2.mammaln. any animal that gives birth to live babies, not eggs, and feeds its young on milk. Cows, humans and whales are all mammals. 哺乳动物3.severityn. 严重性uQUESTIONSRead the statements. Then listen to the news and decide whether the statements are true (T) or false (F).1. More than 100 people have now died from the new coronavirus. 2. Coronaviruses are a large family of viruses that cause disease in humans and birds. 3. Experts still do not have a clear picture of the severity of the new coronavirus.4. Officials are calling the disease a "novel" or new coronavirus because it has not been found before in humans.5. The newly identified virus is thought to have spread to humans from wild animals. But it is now spreading between people.6. Wuhan officials say the disease is able to spread from one person to another even before any actual signs appear. This makes it especially hard to contain.7. Signs of the disease among infected patients have included fever, cough, shortness of breath and general breathing difficulties. In more common cases, the virus can cause pneumonia.8. Some people report few or no signs, while others have gotten very sick or even died.9. The Chinese Centers for Disease Control and Prevention reports that signs of the virus may appear between two and 14 days after being near someone who is infected.10. There is no special treatment for the new coronavirus. However, many of its effects are treatable, as long as a patient is young.11. Because the virus is so new among humans, there is no available vaccine to protect against the disease. 12. But the U.S. advises people to avoid close contact with anyone showing signs of a breathing sickness, such as coughing or sneezing. It also says people should wash their hands often and use safe food practices.13. The U.S. Centers for Disease Control also published prevention tips. It says wash your hands for at least 30 seconds with soap and water; avoid touching your face with unwashed hands; stay home when you are sick; and clean objects and surfaces that are touched often.uKEYRead the statements. Then listen to the news and decide whether the statements are true (T) or false (F).T1. More than 100 people have now died from the new coronavirus. F2. Coronaviruses are a large family of viruses that cause disease in humansand birds.(正确表达)Coronaviruses are a large family of viruses that cause disease in mammalsand birds. T 3. Experts still do not have a clear picture of the severity of the new coronavirus.T4. Officials are calling the disease a "novel" or new coronavirus because it has not been found before in humans.T5. The newly identified virus is thought to have spread to humans from wild animals. But it is now spreading between people.F6. Wuhanofficials say the disease is able to spread from one person to another even before any actual signs appear. This makes it especially hard to contain.(正确表达)Chineseofficials say the disease is able to spread from one person to another even before any actual signs appear. This makes it especially hard to contain.F7. Signs of the disease among infected patients have included fever, cough, shortness of breath and general breathing difficulties. In more commoncases, the virus can cause pneumonia.(正确表达)Signs of the disease among infected patients have included fever, cough, shortness of breath and general breathing difficulties. In more severecases, the virus can cause pneumonia.T8. Some people report few or no signs, while others have gotten very sick or even died.F9. The ChineseCenters for Disease Control and Prevention reports that signs of the virus may appear between two and 14 days after being near someone who is infected.(正确表达)The U.S.Centers for Disease Control and Prevention reports that signs of the virus may appear between two and 14 days after being near someone who is infected.F10. There is no special treatment for the new coronavirus. However, many of its effects are treatable, as long as a patient is young.(正确表达)There is no special treatment for the new coronavirus. However, many of its effects are treatable, as long as a patient is in fair health.T11. Because the virus is so new among humans, there is no available vaccine to protect against the disease. F12. But the U.S. advises people to avoid close contact with anyone showing signs of a breathing sickness, such as coughing or sneezing. It also says people should wash their hands often and use safe food practices.(正确表达)But the WHOadvises people to avoid close contact with anyone showing signs of a breathing sickness, such as coughing or sneezing. It also says people should wash their hands often and use safe food practices.F13. The U.S. Centers for Disease Control also published prevention tips. It says wash your hands for at least 30seconds with soap and water; avoid touching your face with unwashed hands; stay home when you are sick; and clean objects and surfaces that are touched often.(正确表达)The U.S. Centers for Disease Control also published prevention tips. It says wash your hands for at least 20seconds with soap and water; avoid touching your face with unwashed hands; stay home when you are sick; and clean objects and surfaces that are touched often.

练习 | VOA慢速:冠状病毒爆发给全球旅游业带来的危害

VOA慢速:Coronavirus Outbreak Could Harm Tourism Industry冠状病毒爆发给全球旅游业带来的危害燕山大学 刘立军 编写uTRANSCRIPTBusiness experts had been expecting 2020 to be a good year for international tourism. They noted that trade tensions are easing, with economic conditions on the risein some countries. In addition, events like the 2020 Summer Olympics are taking place in Japan later this year.But the spread of the new coronavirus in China has caused problems for the travel industry. The virus—and efforts to contain it—may lead to billions of dollars in losses for tourism and keep millions of would-be travelers at home.Gabrielle Autry is an American living in China. She had planned to travel to Hong Kong soon to get engaged to her Chinese boyfriend. But those plans are now on hold. The two are now quarantinedat their home in Hangzhou, an eight-hour drive from the center of the outbreak in Wuhan.Autry does not know when she and her boyfriend will go to Hong Kong. She told The Associated Press (AP), "We are thankful for our health and that we are together here."At least 30 airline companies have suspended service to China. Hotel rooms in China are largely empty.Before the outbreak, the United Nations World Tourism Organization was predicting growth of 3 to 4 percent in global tourism this year. Central to those numbers was the promise of an ever-growing number of travelers from China. In 2018, Chinese nationals made nearly 150 million trips overseas and spent $277 billion.The loss of those tourists is being felt most strongly in Asian countries. Thailand, for example, expects to lose $9.7 billion in income from Chinese travelers through June. That estimate comes from Thailand’s tourism and sports minister.Arisara Chamsue operates a store near the Grand Palace in Bangkok."The day that we heard the news (about the virus)," the tourists were gone, Arisara Chamsue told The AP. "I can only make a tenth or two tenths of what I normally make."Countries outside of East Asia are also feeling the loss of Chinese tourists. Australia just announced a travel ban on visitors from mainland China. China was the largest source for international visitors to Australia last year. Around 1.4 million Chinese tourists spent $13.4 billion in the country in 2019.Italy could lose $5 billion in tourism income this year, notes Demoskopika, a polling agency.In the United States, Tourism Economics has predicted a 28-percent drop in Chinese visitors. That represents about $6 billion less spent on travel and airfare.The tourism industry will recover from the losses, as it has from health fears in other years. However, observers are divided about the amount of time that recovery will take.The World Travel and Tourism Council says it usually takes 19 months for visitor numbers to recover after a virus outbreak. And Tourism Economics expects it will be four years before Chinese tourism to the United States returns to previously expected levels.I'm Bryan Lynn.Adapted from https://www.chinavoa.com/show-8789-242061-1.htmluVOCABULARY1. on the rise在上涨(增长);蓬勃高涨2. on hold暂缓;推迟;搁置3. quarantinev.(动词 + 名词短语)to put an animal or a person into quarantine(对动物或人)进行检疫,隔离uQUESTIONSRead the statements. Then listen to the news and decide whether the statements are true (T) or false (F).1. Business experts had been expecting 2020 to be a good year for international tourism. 2. The spread of the new coronavirus in China has caused problems for the travel industry.3. Gabrielle Autry is an American living in China. 4. Autry does not know when she and her boyfriend will go to America. 5. Before the outbreak, the United Nations World Tourism Organization was predicting growth of 3 to 5 percent in global tourism this year. 6. In 2018, Chinese nationals made nearly 150 million trips overseas and spent $217 billion.7. The loss of those tourists is being felt most strongly in Asian countries. 8. Thailand expects to lose $9.7 billion in income from Chinese travelers through July. 9. Countries outside of East Asia are also feeling the loss of Chinese tourists. 10. Italy could lose $5 billion in tourism income this year.11. In the United States, Tourism Economics has predicted a 28-percent drop in Chinese visitors. 12. The World Travel and Tourism Council says it usually takes 90 months for visitor numbers to recover after a virus outbreak. uKEYRead the statements. Then listen to the news and decide whether the statements are true (T) or false (F).T 1. Business experts had been expecting 2020 to be a good year for international tourism. T 2. The spread of the new coronavirus in China has caused problems for the travel industry.T 3. Gabrielle Autry is an American living in China. F 4. Autry does not know when she and her boyfriend will go to America.(正确表达)Autry does not know when she and her boyfriend will go to Hong Kong. F 5. Before the outbreak, the United Nations World Tourism Organization was predicting growth of 3 to 5percent in global tourism this year.(正确表达)Before the outbreak, the United Nations World Tourism Organization was predicting growth of 3 to 4percent in global tourism this year. F 6. In 2018, Chinese nationals made nearly 150 million trips overseas and spent $217 billion.(正确表达)In 2018, Chinese nationals made nearly 150 million trips overseas and spent $277 billion.T 7. The loss of those tourists is being felt most strongly in Asian countries. F 8. Thailand expects to lose $9.7 billion in income from Chinese travelers through July.(正确表达)Thailand expects to lose $9.7 billion in income from Chinese travelers through June. T 9. Countries outside of East Asia are also feeling the loss of Chinese tourists. T 10. Italy could lose $5 billion in tourism income this year.T 11. In the United States, Tourism Economics has predicted a 28-percent drop in Chinese visitors. F 12. The World Travel and Tourism Council says it usually takes 90 monthsfor visitor numbers to recover after a virus outbreak.(正确表达)The World Travel and Tourism Council says it usually takes 19 monthsfor visitor numbers to recover after a virus outbreak.

第九届教学大赛翻译专业组二等奖王妍说课

说课点评:目的比较明确,具有一定的可操作性。她的这堂说课是为翻译专业一二年级的学生学习口译知识、实践口译技艺而设计,因此比较注意细节,也在情理之中。我对她说课内容中的三个要点印象深刻,觉得是找准了做好口译特别是做好时政口译的三个关键因素:一是译员要有较强的速记技能,这就要求教师在课堂教学时为学生打下一个良好的基础;二是要引导好学生在领会理解说话人意图与言辞时,及时捕捉住一批关键字或词,因为它们是口译记忆的钥匙,借此说话人的主旨内容可以复原;三是特别强调学生平时要关注国内外的热点问题,甚至追踪,做到对相关情况或背景了然于胸,这样临场做口译方可胸有成竹。当然这三点如果王妍老师能在课堂总结时再重复强调一下,可能说课效果会更佳。另外,在如何做好速记这个问题上,王妍老师显然准备从技术角度作较详细解说,这当然也有必要,但我认为,做口译时如何做好笔记或速记是一个相当个性化的事,即便老师介绍的方式很理想,落实到每个译员总会有变异,换言之,口译场合怎么做笔记,都是因人而异的。这一点应当让学生明白。最后,还是要提醒王妍老师,有些英文单词的发音不准,要改正,如ignore,group。点评专家:何刚强教授

第九届教学大赛翻译专业组一等奖冯超说课

说课点评:冯超老师根据自己的口译实践经验,将比赛主办方提供的由三段陈述文本组成的授课内容设计成一场“模拟会议”口译实践课,并把这场微型“模拟会议”的角色设计为:1位主持人、3位发言人(分别来自“光明食品”、“路虎汽车”和“罗兰贝格咨询公司”)、1-2位译员、以及若干名观众。这样的设计能够较好地完成所给授课内容的教学任务,符合翻译专业本科高年级阶段口译教学的目标和理念。说课具体表现在说课伊始,教师把这堂课的教学目标定为;“测试(to test)学生的综合口译技巧和能力,让学生学会如何应对口译工作在现实世界中可能遇到的临时(improvised)翻译任务的挑战。”所谓“测试(to test)……的口译能力”,就是在课堂上让学生做无稿交替传译,检验学生的口译表现,培养学生临场口译的能力。但是教师在后面的说课中描述的内容似乎与开始制定的教学目标不尽一致。说课中花了较多时间描述“主持人(Modulator)”的“鲜花辞(ceremonial remarks)”,描述3位发言人的公司背景,虽能拓展学生的相关专业知识,但似乎与检测学生的“综合口译技巧和能力”的关联度不高。实际上,教师可以在课前准备好“主持人”的讲稿,并准备好主持人以及3位发言人的音频材料,在课堂上让学生听音频做“即席(improvised)”口译,使学生有真实会议口译的感觉。即使是观众提问的内容也可以成为学生的口译任务。教师后面的说课中的部分内容可以作为学生译前准备的材料,但教师并没有明确描述学生应如何为这次“模拟会议口译”做译前准备。说课建议既然教师把授课内容设计为“模拟会议”口译实践,如何实施学生的口译实践活动就应该是本次说课的主要目标。教学设计应该充分体现口译实践的学习规律,在教学安排上体现出即席口译的实践特点,突出笔记技巧和口译表现的关系,让学生巩固在授课环节中学到的在译语中再现源语“主旨信息”和“主要观点”逻辑关系的翻译技能。建议教师在课堂设计时注重“全员参与”的口译教学原则,让尽量多的学生参加“模拟会议”口译实践,而不仅只有“1-2位译员”。可以为主持人和3位发言人配备多名学生译员,观众提问也可以配备多名译员。同一段源语材料可让多名学生练习口译,这样就能使学生的参与量大大增加,使每位学生都能在“模拟会议”中感受到“即席口译”的紧迫感和挑战感。如果参赛教师注意到“全员参与”这一口译教学原则,也可更切题、中肯、有说服力地回答提问评委的问题(请参阅说课视频的“回答评委提问”部分)。点评专家:平洪教授

练习 | 新冠病毒(WHO):我们所知晓的知识

新冠病毒(WHO):我们所知晓的知识Novel Coronavirus (2019-nCoV)燕山大学 刘立军 编写uTRANSCRIPTIn December 2019, there was a clusterof pneumonia cases in China. Investigations found that it was caused by a previously unknown virus—now named the 2019 Novel Coronavirus. In this video, we'll take a quick look at what's currently known about the virus. Keep in mindthat this is a new virus and what's known about the virus now might change in the future.Coronaviruses are a large group of viruses. They consist of a core of genetic material surrounded by an envelopewith protein spikes. This gives it the appearance of a crown. Crown in Latin is called "corona" and that's how these viruses get their name.There are different types of coronaviruses that cause respiratory and sometimes gastrointestinalsymptoms. Respiratory disease can range from the common cold to pneumonia. And in most people, the symptoms tend to be mild. However, there are some types of coronaviruses that can cause severe disease. These include the Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome coronavirus first identified in China in 2003 and the Middle East Respiratory Syndrome coronavirus that was first identified in Saudi Arabia in 2012. The 2019 Novel Coronavirus was first identified in China. It initially occurred in a group of people with pneumonia who'd been associated with a seafood and live animal market in the city of Wuhan. The disease has since spread from those who were sick to others, including family members and health care staff. There are many cases at present and the disease has spread within China and also to a number of other countries.So, where did the virus come from?It's known that coronaviruses circulate in a range of animals. Sometimes these viruses can make the jump from animals to humans. This is called a spillover and could be due to a range of factors such as mutationsin the virus or increased contact between humans and animals. For example, MERS-CoV is known to be transmitted from camels and SARS-CoV, from civetcats. The animal reservoir of the 2019 Novel Coronavirus is not known yet.How is it transmitted?The exact dynamics of how the virus is transmitted is yet to be determined. In general, respiratory viruses are usually transmitted through droplets created when an infected person coughs or sneezes, or through something that has been contaminated with the virus. People most at risk of infection from the Novel Coronavirus are those in close contact with animals, such as live animal market workers, and those who are caring for people infected with the virus, such as family members or healthcare workers.So, how does the disease present?Well, from what is known so far, there can be a number of symptoms ranging from mild to severe. There can be fever and respiratory symptoms such as cough and shortness of breath. In more severe cases, there's been pneumonia, kidney failure, and death. The mortalityrate is not known yet.How can we tell whether someone is infected?The infection can be diagnosed by a test called PCR or Polymerase Chain Reaction. This test identifies the virus based on its genetic fingerprint. There is currently no specific medication for the virus and treatment is supportive care. There's currently no vaccine to protect against the virus. Treatment and vaccines are in development.How do we prevent transmission of the virus?This new virus currently has a limited geographic spread. However, there are a number of standard hygiene practices that have been recommended to protect against infection and further spread. These include covering your mouth and nose when coughing or sneezing with a medical mask, tissue or flexed elbow; avoiding close contact with those who are unwell; the appropriate use of masks and personal protective equipment, especially in a healthcare setting; washing hands regularly with soap and water, or alcohol-based hand rub. Actions that can be taken to prevent infection from an animal source include: avoiding unnecessary unprotected contact with animals; washing hands after contact with animals or animal products; and ensuring that animal products are cooked thoroughly before they're consumed.It's important to stay home if you're feeling unwell. But if you have a fever, cough, and difficulty breathing, seek medical care early and share your previous travel history with your healthcare provider.That's a quick look at this emerging infectious disease. Given thatthis outbreak is evolving rapidly, what's known about this virus can change, please check the websites below for the most up-to-dateinformation.uVOCABULARY1. clustern. a group of things of the same type that grow or appear close together (同类物丛生或聚集的)簇,团,束,串。例如:a cluster of stars星团2. keep in mind: to remember sb/sth; to remember or consider that… 将……记在心中;记起;考虑3. envelopen.(生物学)膜4. protein spikes蛋白质穗5. gastrointestinal adj. (medical 医) of or related to the stomach and intestines 胃肠的6. mutation n.(遗传)突变;变化;转变7. civet n. a wild animal like a cat, that lives in central Africa and Asia灵猫,麝猫(分布于中非和亚洲)8. mortalityn. the number of deaths in a particular situation or period of time 死亡数量;死亡率。例如:Mortality from lung cancer is still increasing. 死于肺癌的人数仍在上升。10. given thatconj.考虑到;假定;已知。例如:It was surprising the government was re-elected, given that they had raised taxes so much. 令人惊奇的是政府把税收提高这么多仍再次当选了。11. up-to-dateadj.最新的;最近的uQUESTIONSRead the statements. Then listen to the news and decide whether the statements are true (T) or false (F).1. The pneumonia cases in China now named the 2019 Novel Coronavirus. 2. The 2019 Novel Coronavirus will absolutely change in the future.3. Coronaviruses are a small group of viruses. 4. There are different types of coronaviruses that cause respiratory symptoms. 5. The 2019 Novel Coronavirus was first identified in China. 6. The human reservoir of the 2019 Novel Coronavirus is not known yet.7. The exact dynamics of how the virus is transmitted is not yet to be determined. 8. People most at risk of infection from the Novel Coronavirus are those in close contact with animals and those who are caring for people infected with the virus. 9. The mortality rate is already known.10. There's currently no vaccine to protect against the virus. 11. This new virus currently has no limited geographic spread. 12. We should make sure that animal products are cooked thoroughly before they're consumed.13. If we have a fever, cough, and difficulty breathing, we should seek medical care early and share our previous travel history with our healthcare provider.uKEY Read the statements. Then listen to the news and decide whether the statements are true (T) or false (F).(T) 1. The pneumonia cases in China now named the 2019 Novel Coronavirus. (F) 2. The 2019 Novel Coronavirus will absolutelychange in the future.(正确表达)The 2019 Novel Coronavirus mightchange in the future.(F)3. Coronaviruses are a smallgroup of viruses.(正确表达)Coronaviruses are a largegroup of viruses. (T) 4. There are different types of coronaviruses that cause respiratory symptoms. (T) 5. The 2019 Novel Coronavirus was first identified in China. (F) 6. The humanreservoir of the 2019 Novel Coronavirus is not known yet.(正确表达)The animalreservoir of the 2019 Novel Coronavirus is not known yet.(F) 7. The exact dynamics of how the virus is transmitted is not yetto be determined.(正确表达)The exact dynamics of how the virus is transmitted is yetto be determined. (T) 8. People most at risk of infection from the Novel Coronavirus are those in close contact with animals and those who are caring for people infected with the virus. (F) 9. The mortality rate is already known.(正确表达)The mortality rate is not known yet.(T) 10. There's currently no vaccine to protect against the virus. (F) 11. This new virus currently has no limitedgeographic spread.(正确表达)This new virus currently has a limitedgeographic spread. (T) 12. We should make sure that animal products are cooked thoroughly before they're consumed.(T) 13. If we have a fever, cough, and difficulty breathing, we should seek medical care early and share our previous travel history with our healthcare provider.

教育培训更多

大英综合课教学设计工作坊2.0

本工作坊采取培训专家、教学大赛获奖选手和参训教师组成学习共同体的研修模式。主讲人在进行理论讲解、模式阐释和展示示范时,将以教学指 南为准则,结合中国英语能力等级量表,详解指定教材单元设计中的目标 设定、流程安排、项目设计和多层评测。参训教师通过分组合作学习和集体备课的形式,在专家指导下分模块操练单元设计的重要步骤和极富挑战 的教学整合设计任务。本工作坊旨在帮助参训教师将理论转化为实践,最 终产出和分享课程设计方案*,并将成果带回到一线课堂教学实践中去。 课程具体实施步骤设计如下:1.参训教师在培训前事先完成教学设计和二语习得新文献的阅读。2.在研修现场,培训专家将首先从当前大学英语综合课教学存在的主要问题入手,结合“金课”的核心内涵和要求,解析大学英语综合课程的教学理念,介绍以项目为中心的整合式教学设计模式。然后,基于《全新版大学 进阶英语综合教程1》的一个单元,剖析还原单元教学生成过程,展示该模式在具体教学案例中的应用。3.本研修班新增教学点评环节,拟邀请第10届“外教社杯”全国高校外语教学大赛高名次获奖选手回顾参赛心路历程,分享赛后反思。培训专家将带 领参训教师观摩选手录像,并从大赛评委、教学设计者、教学课堂观察者 等多维角度进行教学点评和解析。参训教师亦可参与评课,并与获奖选手直接互动交流。4.在最后的实操阶段,参训教师将按5-6人分组,在培训专家指导下以集 体备课形式对指定教材的其他单元进行分步骤、整体设计和互动交流,并 由专家点评。以期切实强化“金课”理念,提升教学设计能力,实现以能力 培养为目标的有效教学。* 注:研修班将汇总专家及各组学员的最终教学设计方案,编订成合集,以电子版形式分享给全体学员。

跨文化外语教学与跨文化交际能力的培养:案例教学法

根据《大学英语教学指南》与英语专业《教学标准》中的要求,结合“跨文化大赛”选手的表现,探讨跨文化视角下外语教学与大学生跨文化交际能力的培养。本期研修班特邀上海外国语大学张红玲教授团队、昆山杜克大学Don Snow教授、华东师范大学窦卫霖教授、华东理工大学颜静兰教授等专家学者,重点结合理论研究与教学实践,采用案例分析与展示的方法,探讨在高校外语课程中进行跨文化教育、设置跨文化模块课程、跨文化课程的教学设计与执行能力、跨文化交际能力培养的途径与方法等主题。

大学英语教师专业发展:教学设计能力与测评素养提升

基于对当前大学生英语学习现状和新时期英语教学要求的分析,本期研修班将组织国内大学英语教学领域研究成果丰硕、实践经验丰富的资深专家,通过专题讲座、教学示范、互动座谈等多种研修形式,深入探究新形势下大学英语教学改革的相关热点问题,如“金课”建设、有效课堂教学设计与实施、教评测的有机结合、教师测评素养等,以期帮助大学英语教师把握改革动向,更新教学理念,掌握先进、有效的教学方法,优化大学英语核心课程的教学效果。

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