抱歉机器人,你被炒鱿鱼了

The Henn Na Hotel in Japan, which from 2015 has employed almost 250 robots to meet guests' needs, is cutting back on automation after its experiment failed to reduce costs or workload for employees.位于日本的海茵娜酒店为了满足宾客的需求,从2015年开始引进了大约250个机器人,但却没能减轻雇佣成本或员工负担,因此该酒店正在大幅减少机器人的数量,让它们“下岗”。The hotel will reduce its robotic workforce by more than half and return to more traditional human-provided services for guests, though it will maintain a number of robots in areas where it found them to be effective and efficient. Its change of direction can offer lessons for companies that are pursuing robotic solutions for customer service roles.酒店内有过半的机器人将面临“被炒鱿鱼”的命运,取而代之的是更为传统的人工服务,但是工作效果比较好的一些机器人则会被保留在原有的岗位上。很多企业想要通过机器人来解决客户服务方面的问题,而酒店将机器人“炒鱿鱼”这一案例则给它们上了一课。The hotel utilized a host of robots including in-room voice assistants and a robotic concierge. It also put robots to work behind the scenes to complete tasks such as sorting and transporting luggage. While robots moving luggage into and out of storage containers or around the hotel has proven to be useful, most of the other deployments have not, for a variety of reasons.在这家酒店内机器人无处不在:客房内有语音助手机器人,房外有机器人门房,还有机器人专门负责行李的挑拣和运送。尽管行李机器人在实际运用中的效果还算不错,但其它的机器人则是状况百出。Foremost among these is the growing obsolescence of some of these robots, with units like the in-room assistants leaving customers frustrated with their experience. In other instances, robots didn't actually eliminate the need for workers, such as at the check-in desk, where robots designed to look like dinosaurs greeted guests but still needed humans to make copies of passports, for example.各类问题中最突出的要数部分机器人的陈旧过时,它们渐渐跟不上时代的步伐,例如房内机器人助手经常解决不了顾客的问题。有些机器人则没法减轻工作人员的负担:如被设计成“恐龙”样式的前台机器人虽然能向顾客问好,但是复印护照这种细活,仍然需要人工来完成。Most consumers are still uncomfortable with robots when they need to communicate with the machines face to face. Instead, robots should be developed for tasks where they work alongside trained employees and are likely to have the most meaningful impact — after all they are not good enough to replace all human work at present.当和机器人面对面交流时,大多数的顾客仍然感到不自然。实际上,要想在服务业领域让机器人大派用场,最好的办法是让它们协助训练有素的我们进行工作,这样才能使整体的工作效率最大化——毕竟当前的机器人还无法完全替代人类来工作。VOCABULARYconcierge: n. 看门人,门房deployment: n. 部署;调度

“英语能力等级量表”与雅思、普思考试成功对接

The National Education Examinations Authority (NEEA), Ministry of Education, China and the British Council (BC) jointly released the results of their collaborative research on linking IELTS and Aptis to China's Standards of English Language Ability (CSE). The successful completion of the research marks the official mapping of the CSE to the international examination systems, while demonstrating that Sino-UK educational collaboration has moved to a new stage.近日,中国教育部考试中心与英国文化教育协会联合发布了雅思、普思(Aptis)考试与中国英语能力等级量表(CSE)的对接研究结果,标志着中国英语语言能力标准与国际考试系统接轨,中英在教育领域的合作进入新阶段。What is “CSE”? Different from “CET4” and “CET6” tests, CSE was developed as the fundamental element of National Foreign Language Assessment Framework. The framework was designed to promote the comprehensive reform and development of foreign language education in China and to cultivate talents with global vision, language proficiency and a comprehensive knowledge of the international community.那么什么是“英语能力等级量表”呢?“CSE”和我们熟知的“四六级”不同,它是根据国家英语能力等级考试制定的分级规范。设计等级考试将有助于我国进行全面的外语教育改革,助力培养具有全球化视野、熟练外语能力和综合知识的新型人才。The standards categorize the ability of Chinese English learners into nine proficiency levels across the basic, intermediate and advanced stages, defining each level comprehensively through specific, accurate and easy-to-understand descriptors. It applies to all levels of English learners from elementary school to university, and focuses on abilities in communication in everyday life and work, as well as understanding the culture in English-speaking countries.“英语能力等级量表”将我国英语学习者的语言能力分为九个等级,涵盖初、中、高等语言学习阶段,每一个等级都通过具体、准确、易懂的标准进行量化。与我们熟知的“四六级”不同的是,“量表”适用于小学到大学各个阶段的学习者,考察的内容也聚焦于日常生活和工作中的场景,并关注英语国家的文化风俗。Launched at the beginning of 2017, the collaborative research on linking IELTS and Aptis to the CSE took two years to complete. The research team referred to previous studies on linking international language tests to language standards and employed a scientific approach which integrated expert judgements and empirical data, collecting evidences from multiple sources.“英语能力等级量表”对接雅思和普思考试的工作始于2017年初,耗时两年完成。研究团队研究了国际上通行的多种英语评价机制,运用科学手段将专家评估意见和实验数据结合起来,一同制定了最终的标准。The linking results will be of particular value to policymakers at educational institutions by helping them meet curriculum goals. They will also encourage the improvement of teaching methods, learning materials and teaching practices in classrooms.考试分数的对接对于学校来说无疑是一大利好,除了能够更好地确立课程教学目标,与国际接轨后的英语考试也将有助于提升教学方法,完善教学内容和课堂内的训练。VOCABULARYproficiency: n. 熟练;精通descriptor: n. 描述符;指示词empirical: adj. 经验性的

如何介绍产品,以口红为例

小小一支口红,在女性心中的地位不输一只精美的包包,或是一件新潮的时装。口红的存在,让迷人的色彩驻足于唇齿之间,也让世人看见了人类爱美的天性是如何改变着整个世界:在一涂一抹之间,支撑的可是金额数以亿计的化妆品行业。口红并不是现代社会的产物。早在公元前5000年,苏美尔人便已开始使用带色的矿物和植物色素涂抹在脸颊和嘴唇上,以达到美容的目的。我国女性使用口红的历史也十分悠久,在唐朝,贵族妇女使用檀色注唇,这一化妆术沿用至后世的各个朝代。但说到现代口红的兴起,则仅仅是过去一百年中的事情。1915年,美国人Maurice Levy发明了世界上第一支金属管口红,小巧的外形和便携的特性为口红的流行奠定了基础。之后发生的事情,想必大家都能归纳出来:不同品牌、不同色号、不同质地的口红争奇斗艳,唇彩、唇釉、唇棒等不同口红形态也应运而生。然而,就是这么一支精致小巧的口红,蕴含着不少的学问。从使用角度来说,有打底、上色、卸妆等步骤;从挑选口红来说,除了选择自己心仪的品牌和种类,还要在色号上大动脑筋:什么颜色适合自己的肤色,什么颜色搭配什么类型的妆容、服饰、场合等等等等。因此尽管“网购”“代购”盛行,但挑选口红,消费者还是会到柜台进行试色,请教专柜小姐帮助自己选择。正因如此,化妆品柜台的服务员除了充分了解产品的特性,还需要具备专业的化妆能力,才能为顾客挑选最好的搭配方案,而口红便是其中非常关键的一环。今天的微课就将为大家介绍如何用英语介绍口红,从而扩展到如何介绍各类产品,以小见大,拓展语言的能力。

练习 | FOX新闻:慎重选择儿童防晒霜

燕山大学 刘立军 编写TRANSCRIPTThis is Housecall for Health.A mother in Canada wants other parents to pay extra attention to the type of sunscreen they choose for their children after she claims her 14 month old daughter suffered second degree burns from an aerosol kids sun spray.Rebecca Cannon said she used Banana Boat Kids SPF 50 to protect her daughter Kyla and three-year-old nephew. Throughout the day she said she noticed her daughter's face getting more and more red and when she woke the next day her cheeks had blistered. She took her to the emergency rooms where doctors said it was a second degree chemical burn or a severe allergic reaction. A dermatologist agreed with the chemical burn diagnosis.Banana Boat said they requested Cannon send the spray in so they could inspect it as part of the investigation, but Cannon said she wants more to be done after finding stories of similar experiences online.According to a post on Facebook, Kyla is recovering from her injuries.For more on this story check FOXNewsHealth.com. Housecall for Health, I'm Alex Hein, FOX News.Adapted from http://www.kekenet.com/broadcast/201902/579397.shtmlVOCABULARY1. aerosol n. a metal container in which a liquid such as paint or hairspray is kept under pressure and released as a spray (喷油漆、头发定型剂等的)喷雾器,雾化器;气雾剂; 气溶胶。例如:an aerosol can / spray喷雾罐;气雾喷雾器2. sun spray n. 防晒喷雾3. blister v. to form blisters ; to make sth. form blisters (使)起疱,起泡(单独使用的动词) 例如:His skin was beginning to blister. 他的皮肤开始起疱。(动词 + 名词短语) 例如:Her face had been blistered by the sun. 她的脸让太阳晒起水疱了。4. dermatologist n. a doctor who studies and treats skin diseases 皮肤病医生;皮肤病专家QUESTIONSListen to the news and choose the best answer to each question you hear.(Q1) What did the mother in Canada claim?(A) Her 14 month old daughter suffered second degree burns from an aerosol kids sun spray.(B) Her 3-year-old daughter suffered second degree burns from an aerosol kids sun spray.(C) Her 14 month old daughter suffered third degree burns from an aerosol adults sun spray. (D) Her 3-year-old daughter suffered third degree burns from an aerosol adults sun spray.(Q2) What did Banana Boat ask Cannon do?(A) Take her daughter to the emergency rooms(B) Find more stories of similar experiences online.(C) Take her nephew to the emergency rooms.(D) Send the kids spray in.KEY(Q1) A。细节题。命题出处:A mother in Canada wants other parents to pay extra attention to the type of sunscreen they choose for their children after she claims her 14 month old daughter suffered second degree burns from an aerosol kids sun spray. Rebecca Cannon said she used Banana Boat Kids SPF 50 to protect her daughter Kyla and three-year-old nephew. Throughout the day she said she noticed her daughter's face getting more and more red and when she woke the next day her cheeks had blistered.(Q2) D。细节题。命题出处:Banana Boat said they requested Cannon send the spray in so they could inspect it as part of the investigation, but Cannon said she wants more to be done after finding stories of similar experiences online.

练习 | FOX新闻:新房销量下降

燕山大学 刘立军 编写TRANSCRIPTNew home sales have been like a yo-yo the last two months, dropping more than 11 percent in April. The biggest decline in two years coming down from a surge in March when the sales space hit a near 10-year high.The Commerce Department also reports the median price of a house also declined three percent in April from March. This after home builders broke ground on fewer new construction projects for the second straight month.New home sales only make up about a tenth of the housing market. The rest are considered existing or previously-owned homes.Dave Anthony, FOX News.Adapted from http://www.kekenet.com/broadcast/201903/579400.shtmlVOCABULARY1. surge v. (of prices, profits, etc. 物价、利润等) to suddenly increase in value 急剧上升;飞涨;激增。例如:Share prices surged. 股价猛涨。2. median n. having a value in the middle of a series of values 中间值的;中间的。例如:the median age / price中年;中等价位QUESTIONSRead the passage. Then listen to the news and fill in the blanks with the information (words, phrases or sentences) you hear.New home sales have been like a yo-yo the last two months, (Q1) __________________ more than (Q2) ____________ percent in April. The biggest (Q3) __________________ in two years coming down from a (Q4) _________________ in March when the sales space hit a near 10-year high.The Commerce Department also reports the (Q5) _______________ of a house also (Q6) _________ three percent in April from March. This after home builders broke ground on fewer new (Q7) _________________________ for the second straight month.New home sales only make up about (Q8) __________ of the housing market. (Q9) _____________ are considered (Q10) ____________________ or previously-owned homes.Dave Anthony, FOX News.KEYRead the passage. Then listen to the news and fill in the blanks with the information (words, phrases or sentences) you hear.New home sales have been like a yo-yo the last two months, (Q1) dropping more than (Q2) 11 percent in April. The biggest (Q3) decline in two years coming down from a (Q4) surge in March when the sales space hit a near 10-year high.The Commerce Department also reports the (Q5) median price of a house also (Q6) declined three percent in April from March. This after home builders broke ground on fewer new (Q7) construction projects for the second straight month.New home sales only make up about (Q8) a tenth of the housing market. (Q9) The rest are considered (Q10) existing or previously-owned homes.Dave Anthony, FOX News.

练习 | 科学美国人60秒:口腔快速愈合带来的启示

燕山大学 刘立军 编写TRANSCRIPTThis is Scientific American - 60-Second Science. I'm Christopher Intagliata.When you burn your tongue or cut your cheek, the pain can be intense. But the wound heals pretty quickly, compared to injuries elsewhere.That's because all the factors needed to repair a wound are ready to jump into action in oral tissue - and a new study shows that proteins called transcription factors, which control all those healing elements, are present at greater levels in the mouth.You can think of those controlling proteins as theater directors...and the healing factors as the actors, waiting in the wings. "They are ready to go, right on the sidelines, in the oral epithelia, so the director says come ahead and then they are just right onstage." Maria Morasso, a senior investigator at the National Institutes of Health.She says that's not the case in regular skin tissue. "They have the capability of coming on stage. But they're nowhere close, so you have to go through that step of getting them in the stage to be able to go ahead with that function."Which delays healing. "It might be difficult to have the play finish on time and according to the script." The study is in the journal Science Translational Medicine.Morasso and her colleagues also tested this idea by genetically engineering mice to have more of those factors, the 'directors', in their regular skin tissue - and sure enough, those mice had significantly faster skin wound healing than did control mice.But we can't genetically engineer humans. Instead, Morasso says, if we can learn more about who the healing 'actors' are... and perhaps we can find targeted ways of sending those individuals onstage... to deliver a better performance for patients.Thanks for listening for Scientific American - 60-Second Science. I'm Christopher Intagliata.Adapted from http://www.kekenet.com/broadcast/201902/577672.shtmlVOCABULARY1. protein n. (可数名词, 不可数名词) a natural substance found in meat, eggs, fish, some vegetables, etc. There are many different proteins and they are an essential part of what humans and animals eat to help them grow and stay healthy. 蛋白质。例如:essential proteins and vitamins 必不可少的蛋白质和维生素protein deficiency蛋白质缺乏Peas, beans and lentils are a good source of vegetable protein. 豌豆、豆荚和扁豆是植物蛋白质的大好来源。2. transcription n. (可数名词) a change in the written form of a piece of music so that it can be played on a different instrument or sung by a different voice (乐曲的)改编3. epithelium n. 上皮,上皮细胞 (复数) epitheliaQUESTIONSRead the passage. Then listen to the news and fill in the blanks with the information (words, phrases or sentences) you hear.This is Scientific American - 60-Second Science. I'm Christopher Intagliata.When you burn your (Q1) _________________ or cut your cheek, the pain can be intense. But the wound heals pretty quickly, compared to (Q2) _____________________ elsewhere.That's because all the factors needed to repair a wound are ready to jump into action in (Q3) _________________ - and a new study shows that (Q4) __________________ called transcription factors, which control all those healing elements, are present at greater levels in the mouth.You can think of those controlling proteins as (Q5) ______________________...and the healing factors as the actors, waiting in the wings. "They are ready to go, right on the sidelines, in the oral epithelia, so the director says come ahead and then they are just right onstage." Maria Morasso, a senior (Q6) ________________________ at the National Institutes of Health.She says that's not the case in (Q7) ______________________. "They have the capability of coming on stage. But they're nowhere close, so you have to go through that step of getting them in the stage to be able to go ahead with that function." Which delays healing. "It might be difficult to have the play finish on time and according to the script." The study is in the journal Science Translational Medicine.Morasso and her colleagues also tested this idea by (Q8) _______________________ to have more of those factors, the 'directors', in their regular skin tissue - and sure enough, those mice had significantly faster skin wound healing than did (Q9) __________________________.But we can't genetically engineer humans. Instead, Morasso says, if we can learn more about who the healing 'actors' are... and perhaps we can find targeted ways of sending those individuals onstage... to deliver a better performance for (Q10) ____________________.Thanks for listening for Scientific American - 60-Second Science. I'm Christopher Intagliata.KEYRead the passage. Then listen to the news and fill in the blanks with the information (words, phrases or sentences) you hear.This is Scientific American - 60-Second Science. I'm Christopher Intagliata.When you burn your (Q1) tongue or cut your cheek, the pain can be intense. But the wound heals pretty quickly, compared to (Q2) injuries elsewhere.That's because all the factors needed to repair a wound are ready to jump into action in (Q3) oral tissue - and a new study shows that (Q4) proteins called transcription factors, which control all those healing elements, are present at greater levels in the mouth.You can think of those controlling proteins as (Q5) theater directors...and the healing factors as the actors, waiting in the wings. "They are ready to go, right on the sidelines, in the oral epithelia, so the director says come ahead and then they are just right onstage." Maria Morasso, a senior (Q6) investigator at the National Institutes of Health.She says that's not the case in (Q7) regular skin tissue. "They have the capability of coming on stage. But they're nowhere close, so you have to go through that step of getting them in the stage to be able to go ahead with that function." Which delays healing. "It might be difficult to have the play finish on time and according to the script." The study is in the journal Science Translational Medicine.Morasso and her colleagues also tested this idea by (Q8) genetically engineering mice to have more of those factors, the 'directors', in their regular skin tissue - and sure enough, those mice had significantly faster skin wound healing than did (Q9) control mice.But we can't genetically engineer humans. Instead, Morasso says, if we can learn more about who the healing 'actors' are... and perhaps we can find targeted ways of sending those individuals onstage... to deliver a better performance for (Q10) patients.Thanks for listening for Scientific American - 60-Second Science. I'm Christopher Intagliata.

第九届教学大赛翻译专业组特等奖计霄雯授课

授课点评:计老师围绕主旨口译这一口译技能展开了她20分钟的授课。计老师由“何为主旨”这一问题引出学生对口译中意义理解重要性的思考,由课堂练习引出如何提炼主旨的讨论,由分析主旨引出针对主题句、逻辑等概念的阐释,环环相扣,过渡自然,紧贴主题,引人入胜。计老师温婉亲切的表述风格、简单明了的语言表达和深入浅出的教学方法体现了老师对学生的了解和尊重;浅显简单的例句有效地引导了学生从较深层次思考提炼主旨的方法和步骤,同时激发了他们的兴趣和热情。同样需要肯定的是计老师的教态,自然平和,语音语调清晰流畅;还有设计简洁流畅、连贯易懂的课件。计老师在教学过程中针对主旨的定义以及提炼方法的阐述得当有效,但却未能清楚地告诉学生提炼主旨的重要性及其与口译能力之间的关系,不能不说是个遗憾。如果计老师能在教学中增设一个课堂练习来检测学生对所讲内容的理解和运用,或许可以让教学过程更加完整,教学效果得到更好的监控。这其实也是提问评委非常关心的一个问题。计老师在教学中与学生保持了密切的互动,但如果能放缓语速,更密切地关注学生现场的需求和反应,更多地激发学生深思和举一反三,那么这种互动将会是更深层次的一种激发,其作用也将会更加彰显。点评专家:陈菁教授

第九届教学大赛翻译专业组特等奖计霄雯说课

说课点评:计老师说的是一堂口译课。在短短30分钟的准备时间里,计老师能理清教学思路,制定教学目标,确定教学方法和步骤,布置课后练习,同时将说课内容制作成PPT展示出来,这的确是一种综合素质的体现。计老师在分析了所提供的教学素材的特点之后,将本堂课定义为综合运用所学口译技能进行模拟真实口译场景的训练,将教学目标设置为三项:语言强化、口译技能综合训练和训练方法的讨论,并依此设计了90分钟的教学内容。计老师所制定的教学计划目的明确,各环节布局紧凑,教学活动安排得周到细致,重视与学生的互动。说课思路清晰,主题突出,表达流畅,展现出丰富的学识积累和教学掌控能力。从所介绍的授课内容和形式不难看出,计老师是一名对教学本质融会贯通、对教学充满激情和热爱的优秀的口译教师。参加说课比赛的选手往往会试图将过多的内容和方法“塞”进教学设计之中,而忽略了计划实施的可行性。计老师的设计虽然总体合理,但尚需思考如何充分照顾和回应学生现场的反应和需求,并在抓放之间找到平衡点。一项完善的教学计划应该展示教学内容和教学目标之间以及教学方法和教学材料之间的有机关联。如果计老师在阐述90分钟教学内容的时候能不时地呼应一下其所预设的三个教学目标,整个设计的关联性便会更加突显。点评专家:陈菁教授

教育培训更多

跨文化教学与国际化人才培养

为促进跨文化外语教学与国际化人才的培养,储备适应国家未来发展所需的跨文化教研人才,特邀跨文化领域具有丰富研究与教学实践经验的专家,召开“跨文化外语教学与国际化人才培养”高级研修班。研修课程共包含跨文化学科发展与构建、跨文化课程教学设计、跨文化科研与教师专业发展三个课程模块。研修课程拟设置“主题讲座”、“评课讨论”、“教学设计工作坊”、“互动问答” 等多个环节,就跨文化教学与国际化人才培养等问题进行深入探讨。

科研论文写作与项目申报

为帮助广大外语教师提升论文写作与项目申报能力,特邀外语教育领域核心期刊主编、国家社科基金与教育部人文社科基金项目评审、学术带头人等专家担任主讲嘉宾,召开“科研论文写作与项目申报高级研修班”。研修课程将涵盖科研选题、研究设计论证、研究方法、科研论文写作与投稿、项目申报方法等内容,以期帮助高校外语教师掌握有效的科研方法,助力科研之路。

聚焦有效教学,打造一流金课

当下,“金课”和“水课”已成为高等教育领域的两大热词,受到社会各界广泛关注。本期研修班聚焦高校英语学科教学现状及新时代教学改革要求,围绕有效教学及“金课”打造,邀请国内外语教学研究领域顶尖专家、资深名师就优质课程建设、教学质量提升、教学设计优化、教学能力培养等重点问题进行深度剖析和探讨。主要课程包括:1.信息化背景下高质量大学英语课程建设与教学设计;2.基于“金课”理念的大学英语综合课单元设计;3.大学学术英语“金课”建设的探索与实践。

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重点教材