双语阅读 | 地铁礼仪:乘坐地铁听音乐请佩戴耳机

Subway Etiquette:Please Wear Headphones If You're Listening To Music地铁礼仪:乘坐地铁听音乐请佩戴耳机王淑怡 供稿You can often have a feeling of dread on a crowded subway car or when the doors open with a fresh batch of people crammingin. But that's not the worst. Imagine heading to work barely awake at 6 a.m. or getting off after a long day at the office and being subjected to loud music, videos, games and streamingshows that have no meaning to you. They are the last things you want to hear.在拥挤的地铁车厢内,或者当车门开启人流涌入,你常常会产生一种恐惧感,但这还不是最糟糕的。想象一下,早上6点起床去上班,或是结束了一整天的工作之后,在上下班的途中,耳朵里却充斥着对你来说毫无意义的音乐、视频、游戏和直播节目。这恐怕是你最不想听到的。After receiving loads ofcomplaints about noise on the subway, the city of Shanghai banned subway riders from using speakerson their electronic devices, including mobile phones. So far, Shanghai, Beijing, Tianjin, Wuhan and Kunming have all banned noise on subway cars.针对地铁上电子设备声音外放一事,有关部门已经收到了大量的市民投诉。为此,上海市出台了一项新规,明确禁止地铁乘客在使用手机等电子设备时外放声音。目前,上海、北京、天津、武汉、昆明等地都已禁止在轨道交通内外放声音。When it comes to subway etiquette,the worst offense is when people use their devices as speakers."It really grindsmy gearswhen someone playsthemusiconTik Tok, Kuaishou, etc. without putting on any headphones," a passenger grumbled.谈及地铁礼仪,恐怕最令人厌烦的就是乘坐地铁时使用手机外放声音。一名乘客抱怨道:“总有乘客旁若无人地用手机外放抖音、快手上的神曲。真是烦不胜烦!”An inspector of Shanghai rail transport said subway workers would first try to persuade riders using noisy devices to stop; if it fails,thenthe officers will refer the matter to the public security department. Other passengers are welcome to report breaches.上海轨道交通的一名检查人员表示,一旦发现手机外放的行为,地铁工作人员会首先进行劝阻。实在不听劝阻的,将送交公安处理。此外,乘客发现不文明行为,也可以进行举报。The new regulation has sparked heated discussion amongnetizenson Chinese social media platform Sina Weibo. Many residents welcome the new rule,but they also doubt whether this new regulation will be put into effect. AccordingtoSun Jianping, Director of the Urban Risk Management Research Institute at Tongji University, since the "man-made noise" in the subway has long been a headache, such a new regulation may help create a better transport environment. However,creating a better transport environment requires joint efforts from all parties, not only supervision by law enforcement personnel but also self-disciplineby passengers. 这项新规定在中国的社交媒体平台新浪微博上引发了网民的热烈讨论。多数市民为这项新规的实施拍手叫好,但也对规定能否真正落地表示怀疑。同济大学城市风险管理研究院院长孙建平表示,外放声音等车厢陋习长期以来都是一个痛点,这项新规的出台有助于打造更舒适的乘车环境。但是,这需要各方的共同努力,除了加强执法部门的监管外,更需要全民提高文明素质。【VOCABULARY】1.etiquetten.(社会或行业中的)礼节;礼仪;规矩2.cramv.把…塞进;挤满;塞满3.streamingn.串流传播(流媒体)4.loads of许多;大量5.speakern.扬声器6.grindv.磨碎;碾碎;把…磨成粉7.gearn.排挡;齿轮;传动装置8.Tik Tok抖音短视频应用9.breachn. (对法规等的)违背;违犯10.netizenn.网民11.headachen.棘手的事12.self-disciplinen.自律能力;自我约束能力(图片来源摄图网,版权归摄图网享有)

双语阅读 | 如何实现工作与生活的平衡?

How to Achieve Work-Life Balance?如何实现工作与生活的平衡?林晓洁供稿Recently,the working pattern of “996” and “007” have once again become hot topics, reflectingthe high-stress working ofyoung people.In the era of working at the cost ofhealth,the physical health and mental health of workers have become a particular concern.We all need to figure out ways tobalance work and life and relieve stress at work.近期,“996”“007”再次成为热议话题,反映了年轻人面临的高强度高压力的工作状态。在用健康换取业绩、用奋斗透支未来的当下,打工人的身体健康乃至心理健康都已成为人们关注的问题。我们都需要平衡工作与生活,缓解工作压力。How to achieve work-life balance is something that trouble many people, and pretty much anyone who works struggles with it.Work-life balance is the idea that a fulfilling life outside of work helps improve work performancewhile reducing stress. The time a person spends working should be balanced by time spent with friends and family, keeping fit, traveling, and doing other fulfilling hobbies. Whether your collar is blue, white, green, pink or just a hoodie; work-life balance is super important.如何实现工作与生活的平衡是困扰许多人的问题。几乎所有工作的人都会为此挣扎。“工作与生活的平衡”是一种理念,指的是在工作之外充实自己的生活,在减少个人压力的同时有助于提高工作业绩。一个人花在工作上的时间应该与花在朋友、家人、健身、旅行和做其他有意义的爱好中的时间相平衡。不管你是蓝领、白领、绿领、粉领还是穿着连帽衫的上班族,工作与生活的平衡都是非常重要的。Worldwide, according to a survey by EY(Ernst & Young), one-third of people have trouble managing their balance. Work-life balance is important, because the consequences of itsdismissal is a big old dose of stress. People who lack work-life balance have higher levels of stress. Stress is reallybad, as we all know.In a work survey on work-life balance and stress, 89 percent of the stress inCanadians’lives was due to work, and that stress led to both mental and physical health problems for many. For example, busy people could become lonely in their work, and loneliness compoundsthe problems.根据安永会计师事务所做的一项调查,全球约有三分之一的人难以实现工作与生活的平衡。工作与生活之间的平衡非常重要,因为平衡缺失的后果是带来大量的压力。那些无法在工作与生活间取得平衡的人往往压力更大,而我们都知道压力会带来许多糟糕的后果。一项关于工作与生活的平衡与压力的调查显示:加拿大人生活中89%的压力源于工作,而这种压力给许多人带来了身体和心理上的健康问题。例如,忙碌的人可能会在工作中变得孤独,而孤独感会使问题变得更加复杂。A study looked at workers in 12 countries and found: stressed-out workers have higher levels of absenteeism, anddisengagementmuch more than those with low stress; which makessense because physical and mental stresses reduce immune responseand open the body to hypertension, which can further decreaseproductivity.一项对12个国家的员工进行调查的研究结果显示,与压力较低的工人相比,压力过大的员工矿工率较高,离职的机率也高得多。这是因为身心压力会降低免疫反应,更容易患上高血压,从而进一步降低工作效率。This affects parental couples even more. When both spouseswork, and one falls sick, the other must often take sick days too, so the family is cared for the whole. Overall, people with no work-life balance took 1.8 times that number than the sick days of low-stress workers.这一点对已经有孩子的人影响更大。当夫妻双方都工作,其中一方生病时,另一方通常也必须请病假,这样才能照顾家庭。总体而言,不能掌控工作与生活平衡的人,请病假的时间是压力较低的工作者的1.8倍。So how can we strike a better work-life balance?那么,我们如何才能更好地平衡工作与生活呢?As long as you're working,jugglingthe demands of career and personal life will probably be an ongoing challenge. But by setting limits and looking after yourself, you can achieve the work-life balance that's best for you.只要我们还在工作,平衡事业和个人生活的需求可能都会是一个挑战。但是通过设定限制并照顾好自己,我们就能找到最适合自己的工作与生活间的平衡。Setting limits设定限制If wedon't set limits, work can leave uswith no time for the relationships and activities weenjoy. 如果我们不设定限制,工作就会剥夺我们发展人际关系和开展我们所喜欢的活动的时间。Manage thetime管理时间Give ourselves enough time to get things done. Don't over-schedule. Learn to say "no." Evaluate thepriorities at work and at home and try to shorten theto-do list. 给自己足够的时间去完成事情。不要给自己安排过多的计划。学会说“不”。评估工作和家庭的优先事项,尽量缩短待办事项清单。Detach from work从工作中抽离Whenweare done working each day, detach and transitionto home life by changing outfitsor doing an activity withfamily or friends.每天完成工作后,换一套衣服或和家人朋友一起做些活动,以将自己从工作中抽离出来,过渡到家庭生活。Relax放松Regularly set aside time for some activities, such as practicing yoga, gardening or reading. Hobbies can helppeoplerelax, take ourmind off of work and recharge. 定期留出时间做喜欢的活动,比如练习瑜伽、园艺或阅读。爱好可以帮助人们放松,把注意力从工作中转移出来,给自己重新充电。Adopting work-life balance doesn't mean you have to stop caringabout jobor not work hard.Creating work-life balance is a continuous process as your family, interests and work life change. Periodically examine ourpriorities — and make changes, if necessary — to make sure we arekeeping on track.保持工作与生活的平衡并不意味着停止关心工作,或者工作不努力。随着家庭、兴趣和工作生涯发生变化,实现工作与生活的平衡是一个持续不断的过程。定期检查我们的优先事项——如果有必要的话,做些改变——以确保我们没有偏离正轨。【VOCABULARY】1.hoodien.连帽运动衫2.EY(Ernst & Young)n.安永会计师事务所,一家总部位于英国伦敦的跨国性专业服务公司,与普华永道、德勤和毕马威合称四大会计师事务所。3.compoundv.使加重,使加剧,使恶化4.absenteeismn.旷工;旷课5.disengagement n.(从活动、组织或争端中的)脱离6.hypertensionn.高血压7.productivityn.生产力;生产率;生产能力8.spousen.配偶9.juggle v.尽量兼顾10.over-schedulen.日程安排表过满11.outfitn. 全套装备;一套服装12.rechargev.再充电(图片来源摄图网,版权归摄图网享有)

双语阅读 | 改变飞行高度可减少影响气候的飞机云

改变飞行高度可减少影响气候的飞机云Changing the altitude of flightsdecreases contrails that affect the weather林晓洁供稿Airplanes account for about 3 percent of the climate-altering carbondioxide emissions we add to the atmosphere. But planes are warming the planet in another way. “So if you look up inthe sky, you probably see, at some point, an aircraft. And behind that aircraft are white, fluffystreaks. And that’s what we call a contrail.” said Imperial College London engineer Marc Stettler.人类排放到大气中的二氧化碳正改变着气候,其中3%的碳排放来源于飞机。然而,飞机还正以另一种方式加剧全球变暖。伦敦帝国理工学院的工程师马克·斯泰特勒介绍:“当你仰望天空时,某个时刻可能会看到飞机。飞机后面拖着几条毛绒绒的白色拉线,我们称之为飞机云。”Contrails are made up of ice crystals that form when aircraft enginesemitexhaustthat hits the cold air. The ice crystals reflect incoming light from the sun back into space, which has a cooling effect on theatmosphere.But the contrails also stop heat coming up from the ground fromescaping into space. “It’s reflected back down toward the ground. And so that’s a warming effect.”飞机云由冰晶组成,而这些冰晶则是由飞机引擎排放的废气遇冷空气凝结而成。冰晶将太阳的入射光反射回太空,对大气产生冷却效应。但飞机云也阻止了地面热量逃逸到太空中。“热量被反射回地面。因此这是种升温效应。”Stettler says, on balance, contrailswarm the atmosphere more than they cool it. “And that’s primarily because the cooling effect due to reflecting of sunlight can only happen during the day, when the sun’s shining, whereas the warming effect due to trapping of outgoing heat happens all of the time.”斯泰特勒表示,总的来说,飞机云对大气的升温作用大于冷却作用。“主要是因为反射太阳光所产生的冷却效应只能在白天有太阳时产生,而由于阻挡散发热量所产生的升温效应则全天都在发生。”Some contrailscan form clouds that last for up to 18 hours. During that time, they spread out, trapping even more heat. This process allows contrails to warm the planet about as much as the carbon dioxide emissions from aircraft. 有些飞机云可以形成持续18小时不散的云团。在这段时间里,这些云团扩散开来,阻挡了更多热量的散发。这一过程使飞机云给地球带来的升温效应与飞机排放的二氧化碳基本持平。But when Stettler and his team analyzed flight data they obtained ofJapan airspace, they found that most contrail warming was caused by just 2 percent of flights. And most of those flights originatedin the late afternoon because as the sun goes down, cooling can no longer offset the warming. “And thewarming effect persists throughout the evening, into the night.” But what if the contrails that contribute the most to warming could be eliminated? Such a change could be achieved if aircraft avoided flying in the thin layers of humiditywhere contrails form.然而,当斯泰特勒及其团队分析从日本领空获得的飞行数据时,他们发现飞机云产生的大部分升温效应仅由2%的航班造成。这些航班大多在傍晚起飞,随着太阳下山,飞机云的冷却作用无法抵消其升温作用。“升温效应从傍晚一直持续到深夜。”那如果对升温作用最明显的飞机云可以被消除呢?只要飞机避免在形成飞机云的潮湿薄层大气中飞行,就可以实现这一改变。“By changing the altitude only by couple of thousand feet, either up or down, it would no longer form contrail. And so what we found in this study was that by changing the altitude of less than 2 percent of flights, we could actually get rid of just under 60 percent of the warming effect due to contrails.” The study is in the journal Environmental Science &Technology.“将飞行高度提升或降低几千英尺,就不会再形成飞机云。因此,我们在这项研究中发现,改变不到2%的航班的飞行高度就可以消除接近60%由飞机云引起的升温效应。”这项研究发表在《环境科学与技术》期刊上。This improved understanding of how to manage contrails presents an opportunity for the aviation industry to reduce its global environmental impact. Think of it as a silver liningin those contrail clouds.这一研究使我们加深了认识,了解到如何更好地控制飞机云的形成,也为航空业减少其对全球气候的影响提供了机遇。正如乌云周边都有一线光亮,我们也可以把这项成果视作是解决飞机云问题的一丝希望吧!【VOCABULARY】1.fluffyn.毛绒绒的;松软的;蓬松的2.emit v.排放;排出3.exhaust n.废气;排放物4.contrails n.飞机云;凝结尾(飞机飞过留下的尾迹)5.originatev.起驶;起航6.humidityn.湿度;湿气(图片来源摄图网,版权归摄图网享有)

练习 | VOA慢速:美国批准空中无人机配送服务

VOA慢速:美国批准空中无人机配送服务燕山大学 刘立军 供稿【TRANSCRIPT】The U.S. Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) recently said it is issuing long-awaited rules that permit small dronesto fly at night and over people. Drones, a kind of small aircraft, fly without a pilot.The FAA's move is an important step toward the use of drones for large numbers of business deliveries in the United States.The FAA is also requiring identification of most drones for security and safety reasons.DeliveriesFAA Administrator Steve Dickson said in a statement that the new rules "get us closer to the day when we will more routinely see drone operations such as the delivery of packages."Packages are boxes or large envelopes that are sent or delivered.Since the beginning of the coronavirus crisis, companies have raced to create drone fleetsto speed deliveries.Delivery companies like UPS and Amazon have been investing in the technology for years. Both companies have seen growing profits during the coronavirus pandemic as more Americans turn to home delivery for many products, including groceries.The rules also come at a time when drones represent the fastest-growing area in the transportation sector, an FAA Press Release Statement said.The statement added that there are over 1.7 million drone registrations and 203,000 FAA-approved remote pilots in the United States.Safety and Security ConcernsFor night operations, the FAA said drones must have special lights that help the aircraft avoid accidents. Remote ID, a form of identification, is required for all drones weighing around 250 grams or more. But, it is required for smaller drones in some situations. The Remote ID rule requires drones to broadcast ID messages via radio.Companies Seek Approval for Drone DeliveriesThe FAA's new rules are the latest in a series of policies about drone use for deliveries. In October 2019, United Parcel Service Inc. said that it won the U.S. government's first full approval to operate a drone airline.Last year, Alphabet's Wing, a sister company of search engine Google, was the first to get U.S. air carrier approval for a single-pilot drone operation. In August, Amazon's drone service received federal approval. The approval lets the company begin testing business deliveries through its drone fleet.The new FAA rules will become official 60 days after publication next month. Drone manufacturerswill have 18 months to begin producing drones with Remote ID, while drone operators have an additional year to begin using drones with Remote ID.I'm John Russell.【VOCABULARY】1.drone n.an aircraft without a pilot, controlled from the ground 无人驾驶飞机2.fleet n. a group of planes, buses, taxis, etc. travelling together or owned by the same organization (同一机构或统一调度的)机群;车队。例如:the company's new fleet of vans公司的新客货车队3.manufacturer n.a person or company that produces goods in large quantities 生产者;制造者;生产商。例如:a car / computer manufacturer汽车 / 计算机制造商【QUESTIONS】Read the passage. Then listen to the news and fill in the blanks with the information (words, phrases or sentences) you hear.The U.S. Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) recently said it is issuing long-awaited rules that permit small drones to fly at night and over people. Drones, a kind of (Q1) _______________, fly without a pilot.The FAA's move is an important step toward the use of drones for large numbers of (Q2) ___________________ in the United States.The FAA is also requiring identification of most drones for (Q3) __________________ reasons.DeliveriesFAA Administrator Steve Dickson said in a statement that the new rules "get us closer to the day when we will more routinely see drone operations such as the delivery of packages."Packages are (Q4) ___________________________ that are sent or delivered.Since the beginning of the coronavirus crisis, companies have raced to create drone fleets to (Q5) _______________________ deliveries.Delivery companies like UPS and Amazon have been investing in the technology for years. Both companies have seen (Q6) ______________________ during the coronavirus pandemic as more Americans turn to home delivery for many products, including groceries.The rules also come at a time when drones represent the fastest-growing area in the (Q7) _____________________ sector, an FAA Press Release Statement said.The statement added that there are over 1.7 million drone registrations and 203,000 FAA-approved remote pilots in the United States.Safety and Security ConcernsFor night operations, the FAA said drones must have (Q8) _____________________ that help the aircraft avoid accidents. Remote ID, a form of identification, is required for all drones weighing around 250 grams or more. But, it is required for smaller drones in some situations. The Remote ID rule requires drones to broadcast ID messages via (Q9) _________________.Companies Seek Approval for Drone DeliveriesThe FAA's new rules are the latest in a series of policies about drone use for deliveries. In October 2019, United Parcel Service Inc. said that it won the U.S. government's first (Q10) _____________ to operate a drone airline.Last year, Alphabet's Wing, a sister company of search engine Google, was the first to get U.S. air carrier approval for a (Q11) _______________ drone operation. In August, Amazon's drone service received federal approval. The approval lets the company begin testing business deliveries through its drone fleet.The new FAA rules will become (Q12) __________________ 60 days after publication next month. Drone manufacturers will have 18 months to begin producing drones with Remote ID, while drone operators have an additional year to begin using drones with Remote ID.I'm John Russell.【KEY】Read the passage. Then listen to the news and fill in the blanks with the information (words, phrases or sentences) you hear.The U.S. Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) recently said it is issuing long-awaited rules that permit small drones to fly at night and over people. Drones, a kind of (Q1) small aircraft, fly without a pilot.The FAA's move is an important step toward the use of drones for large numbers of (Q2) business deliveriesin the United States.The FAA is also requiring identification of most drones for (Q3) security and safetyreasons.DeliveriesFAA Administrator Steve Dickson said in a statement that the new rules "get us closer to the day when we will more routinely see drone operations such as the delivery of packages."Packages are (Q4) boxes or large envelopesthat are sent or delivered.Since the beginning of the coronavirus crisis, companies have raced to create drone fleets to (Q5) speeddeliveries.Delivery companies like UPS and Amazon have been investing in the technology for years. Both companies have seen (Q6) growing profitsduring the coronavirus pandemic as more Americans turn to home deliveryfor many products, including groceries.The rules also come at a time when drones represent the fastest-growing area in the (Q7)transportationsector, an FAA Press Release Statement said.The statement added that there are over 1.7 million drone registrations and 203,000 FAA-approved remote pilots in the United States.Safety and Security ConcernsFor night operations, the FAA said drones must have (Q8) special lightsthat help the aircraft avoid accidents. Remote ID, a form of identification, is required for all drones weighing around 250 grams or more. But, it is required for smaller drones in some situations. The Remote ID rule requires drones to broadcast ID messages via (Q9) radio.Companies Seek Approval for Drone DeliveriesThe FAA's new rules are the latest in a series of policies about drone use for deliveries. In October 2019, United Parcel Service Inc. said that it won the U.S. government's first (Q10) full approvalto operate a drone airline.Last year, Alphabet's Wing, a sister company of search engine Google, was the first to get U.S. air carrier approvalfor a (Q11) single-pilotdrone operation. In August, Amazon's drone service received federal approval. The approval lets the company begin testing business deliveries through its drone fleet.The new FAA rules will become (Q12) official60 days after publication next month. Drone manufacturers will have 18 months to begin producing drones with Remote ID, while drone operators have an additional year to begin using drones with Remote ID.I'm John Russell.(图片来源摄图网,版权归摄图网享有)

练习 | PBS高端访谈:美国年轻人对新总统的期望

PBS高端访谈:美国年轻人对新总统的期望燕山大学 刘立军 供稿【TRANSCRIPT】JUDY WOODRUFF: So, how does this historic inauguration look to young people? Our Student Reporting Labs reached out to our network of high school journalism programs to find out what they hope the new administration accomplishes. Here they are in their own words.CIARA RILEY WILSON, Los Angeles: Dear Mr. President and Madam Vice President.MICAH MARTIN, Michigan: Dear Mr. President.NIGEL FENG, California: Dear Mr. President.KENNEDY CORLEY, Washington, D.C.: I hope you will consider this message.BROOKE RINGSTAD, Michigan: As someone who's currently COVID-positive and quarantining in their bedroom, what's really important to me is seeing that the pandemic is handled with urgency and care.CARLOS MCWHORTER, Michigan: My hope for you as a president is that you can create more jobs for the people of the U.S.KEVIN MYERS, Virginia: I think seeing swift and forceful action taken to combat global climate change is going to be something incredibly important.BRITNEE BLAKE, Florida: V.P. Kamala Harris, I hope you know that being in your position is a huge inspiration for Black women among this country. And I hope you know that it shows that, with hard work and dedication, we can accomplish all of our goals.CLARE JONES, Michigan: I hope to see a progressive plan in combating climate change.DANIEL PHILLIPS, New York: Continue to bring money back to middle-class families. Continue to rise the poor out of unemployment and back into jobs in our country.SHADEN LATHROP, Ohio: Do you plan on addressing this volatile split in America right now? And, if so, how? Do you think you can repair this break?ANDREA SALAZAR LOPEZ, Oregon: I put my faith in you to end systemic racism and tear down all the barriers that come with it.JUDY WOODRUFF: So inspirational. And you can watch the entire "We the Young People Inauguration Special". That is on our website.【VOCABULARY】1. journalism n. the work of collecting and writing news stories for newspapers, magazines, radio or television 新闻业;新闻工作2. volatile adj. (of a situation) likely to change suddenly; easily becoming dangerous (情况)可能急剧波动的;不稳定的;易恶化的。例如:a highly volatile situation from which riots might develop 可能引发动乱的极不稳定的局势【QUESTIONS】Read the passage. Then listen to the news and fill in the blanks with the information (words, phrases or sentences) you hear.JUDY WOODRUFF: So, how does this historic inauguration look to young people? Our Student Reporting Labs reached out to our network of (Q1) ______________________________ programs to find out what they hope the new administration (Q2) _____________. Here they are in their own words.CIARA RILEY WILSON, Los Angeles: Dear Mr. President and Madam Vice President.MICAH MARTIN, Michigan: Dear Mr. President.NIGEL FENG, California: Dear Mr. President.KENNEDY CORLEY, Washington, D.C.: I hope you will consider this message.BROOKE RINGSTAD, Michigan: As someone who's currently COVID-positive and quarantining in their bedroom, what's really important to me is seeing that the (Q3) __________________ is handled with (Q4) ______________________ and care.CARLOS MCWHORTER, Michigan: My hope for you as a president is that you can create more jobsfor the people of the U.S.KEVIN MYERS, Virginia: I think seeing swift and forceful action taken to combat (Q5) ___________________________ is going to be something incredibly important.BRITNEE BLAKE, Florida: V.P. Kamala Harris, I hope you know that being in your position is a huge inspiration for Black women among this country. And I hope you know that it shows that, with (Q6) _____________________________, we can accomplish all of our goals.CLARE JONES, Michigan: I hope to see a progressive plan in combating climate change.DANIEL PHILLIPS, New York: Continue to bring money back to middle-class families. Continue to rise the poor out of (Q7) _____________________________ and back into jobs in our country.SHADEN LATHROP, Ohio: Do you plan on addressing this volatile (Q8) ___________ in America right now? And, if so, how? Do you think you can repair this break?ANDREA SALAZAR LOPEZ, Oregon: I put my faith in you to end systemic (Q9) _________ and tear down all the barriers that come with it.JUDY WOODRUFF: So (Q10) _____________________. And you can watch the entire "We the Young People Inauguration Special". That is on our website.【KEY】Read the passage. Then listen to the news and fill in the blanks with the information (words, phrases or sentences) you hear.JUDY WOODRUFF: So, how does this historic inauguration look to young people? Our Student Reporting Labs reached out to our network of (Q1) high school journalism programs to find out what they hope the new administration (Q2) accomplishes. Here they are in their own words.CIARA RILEY WILSON, Los Angeles: Dear Mr. President and Madam Vice President.MICAH MARTIN, Michigan: Dear Mr. President.NIGEL FENG, California: Dear Mr. President.KENNEDY CORLEY, Washington, D.C.: I hope you will consider this message.BROOKE RINGSTAD, Michigan: As someone who's currently COVID-positive and quarantining in their bedroom, what's really important to me is seeing that the (Q3) pandemic is handled with (Q4) urgency and care.CARLOS MCWHORTER, Michigan: My hope for you as a president is that you can create more jobs for the people of the U.S.KEVIN MYERS, Virginia: I think seeing swift and forceful action taken to combat (Q5) global climate change is going to be something incredibly important.BRITNEE BLAKE, Florida: V.P. Kamala Harris, I hope you know that being in your position is a huge inspiration for Black women among this country. And I hope you know that it shows that, with (Q6) hard work and dedication, we can accomplish all of our goals.CLARE JONES, Michigan: I hope to see a progressive plan in combating climate change.DANIEL PHILLIPS, New York: Continue to bring money back to middle-class families. Continue to rise the poor out of (Q7) unemployment and back into jobs in our country.SHADEN LATHROP, Ohio: Do you plan on addressing this volatile (Q8) split in America right now? And, if so, how? Do you think you can repair this break?ANDREA SALAZAR LOPEZ, Oregon: I put my faith in you to end systemic (Q9) racism and tear down all the barriers that come with it.JUDY WOODRUFF: So (Q10) inspirational. And you can watch the entire "We the Young People Inauguration Special". That is on our website.(封面图片来源于摄图网,版权归摄图网享有)

练习 | VOA常速:2021年美国总统就职典礼

VOA常速:2021年美国总统就职典礼燕山大学 刘立军 供稿【TRANSCRIPT】On January 20th, Joseph Robinette Biden Jr. will be sworn in as the 46th President of the United States of America. Once inaugurated, he will be, at 78 years and 61 days old, the oldest President to date. His Vice President, the former Senator Kamala Harris, will be the first woman to hold the office, as well as the first person of African American and of South Asian descent. Indeed, the inauguration of the 46th President will be unusual in many respects. As tradition dictates, President-elect Biden and Vice-President elect Harris will take their Oaths of Office on the west side of the U.S. Capitol building overlooking the expansive grassy grounds of the National Mall. As has been the case since 1981, seating for guests of honor and members of Congress will be set up on the steps and terrace there. But whereas in the past 200,000 or more tickets to the ceremony were allotted to Senators and members of the House of Representatives to distribute among their constituents, due to COVID-19 restrictions, this year each lawmaker will only receive one extra ticket. No more than 3,000 people will be allowed onto the Capitol grounds.In the past, as many as 1.8 million citizens watched and celebrated the ceremony and the confirmation of the incoming leadership from the National Mall grounds. But not this year. Once the Inaugural Ceremony is finished, 80 percent of the festivities will be virtual: televised, but not attended in person by the usual crowd of one million plus celebrants. This includes the Inaugural Parade and the “Pass in Review”, a tradition that symbolizes the peaceful transfer of power, wherein the incoming president surveys a group of uniformed members of the military. That’s in keeping with the President’s primary duty—to keep the American people safe, be it from external threats, domestic malefactors, or Covid-19. In taking this oath, the President affirms his loyalty to the U.S. Constitution. Whatever his personal feelings, party loyalty or religious convictions, he or she is bound to follow the provisionsof these fundamental laws. Once sworn in, he or she is President of all Americans everywhere, regardless of whom they voted for and whether they agree with his or her policies. From the Inauguration on, the President heedsthe national motto: E Pluribus Unum. Out of the many, one. 【VOCABULARY】1.descent n. a person's family origins 血统。例如:to be of Scottish descent 祖籍是苏格兰2.dictate v.to control or influence how sth. happens 支配;摆布;决定3.constituent n. a person who lives, and can vote in a constituency (选区的)选民。例如:She has the full support of her constituents. 她得到本区选民的全力支持。4.celebrant n.(North Amercian English) a person who is celebrating sth., for example at a party 参加聚会(或庆典)的人5.malefactor n.(rare, formal) a person who does wrong, illegal or immoral things 犯罪分子;作恶的人;道德败坏的人6.conviction n.a strong opinion or belief 坚定的看法(或信念)7.provision n.a condition or an arrangement in a legal document (法律文件的)规定,条款。例如:Under the provisions of the lease, the tenant is responsible for repairs. 按契约规定,房客负责房屋维修。8.heedv.(formal) to pay careful attention to sb.'s advice or warning 留心,注意,听从(劝告或警告)【QUESTIONS】Read the passage. Then listen to the news and fill in the blanks with the information (words, phrases or sentences) you hear.On January 20th, Joseph Robinette Biden Jr. will be (Q1) _________________ as the 46th President of the United States of America. Onceinaugurated, he will be, at 78 years and 61 days old, the oldest President (Q2) ______________. His Vice President, the former Senator Kamala Harris, will be the first woman to hold the office, as well as the first person of African American and of South Asian (Q3) ________________. Indeed, the inauguration of the 46th President will be (Q4) _____ in many respects. As tradition dictates, President-elect Biden and Vice-President elect Harris will take their (Q5) _____________________ on the west side of the U.S. Capitol building overlooking the expansive grassy grounds of the National Mall. As has been the case since 1981, seating for guests of honor and members of Congress will be set up on the steps and terrace there. But whereas in the past 200,000 or more tickets to the ceremony were allotted to Senators and members of the House of Representatives to (Q6) __________________ among their constituents, due to COVID-19 restrictions, this year each lawmaker will only receive one extra ticket. No more than 3,000 people will be allowed onto the Capitol grounds.In the past, as many as 1.8 million citizens watched and celebrated the ceremony and the confirmation of the incoming leadership from the National Mall grounds. But not this year. Once the Inaugural Ceremony is finished, 80 percent of the festivities will be (Q7) ______________: televised, but not attended in person by the usual crowd of one million plus celebrants. This includes the Inaugural Parade and the “Pass in Review”, a (Q8) ________________ that symbolizes the peaceful transfer of power, wherein the incoming president surveys a group of uniformed members of the military. That’s in keeping with the President’s primary duty - to keep the American people safe, be it from (Q9) _____________________________, domestic malefactors, or Covid-19. In taking this oath, the President affirms his loyalty to the U.S. Constitution. Whatever his personal feelings, party loyalty or religious convictions, he or she is bound to follow the provisions of these (Q10) ___________________________. Once sworn in, he or she is President of all Americans everywhere, regardless of whom they voted for and whether they agree with his or her policies. From the Inauguration on, the President heeds the national motto: E Pluribus Unum. Out of the many, one. 【KEY】Read the passage. Then listen to the news and fill in the blanks with the information (words, phrases or sentences) you hear.On January 20th, Joseph Robinette Biden Jr. will be (Q1)sworn inas the 46th President of the United States of America. Once inaugurated, he will be, at 78 years and 61 days old, the oldest President (Q2) to date. His Vice President, the former Senator Kamala Harris, will be the first woman to hold the office, as well as the first person of African American and of South Asian (Q3) descent. Indeed, the inauguration of the 46th President will be (Q4) unusualin many respects. As tradition dictates, President-elect Biden and Vice-President elect Harris will take their (Q5) Oaths of Officeon the west side of the U.S. Capitol building overlooking the expansivegrassy groundsof the National Mall. As has been the case since 1981, seating for guests of honor and members of Congress will be set up on the steps and terrace there. But whereas in the past 200,000 or more tickets to the ceremony were allotted to Senators and members of the House of Representatives to (Q6) distributeamong their constituents, due to COVID-19 restrictions, this year each lawmaker will only receive one extra ticket. No more than 3,000 people will be allowed onto the Capitol grounds.In the past, as many as 1.8 million citizens watched and celebrated the ceremony and the confirmation of the incoming leadership from the National Mall grounds. But not this year. Once the Inaugural Ceremony is finished, 80 percent of the festivities will be (Q7) virtual: televised, but not attended in person by the usual crowd of one million plus celebrants. This includes the Inaugural Parade and the “Pass in Review”, a (Q8) traditionthat symbolizes the peaceful transfer of power, wherein the incoming president surveys a group of uniformed members of the military. That’s in keeping with the President’s primary duty - to keep the American people safe, be it from (Q9) external threats, domestic malefactors, or Covid-19. In taking this oath, the President affirms his loyalty to the U.S. Constitution. Whatever his personal feelings, party loyalty or religious convictions, he or she is bound to follow the provisions of these (Q10)fundamental laws. Once sworn in, he or she is President of all Americans everywhere, regardless of whom they voted for and whether they agree with his or her policies. From the Inauguration on, the President heeds the national motto: E Pluribus Unum. Out of the many, one. (图片来源摄图网,版权归摄图网享有)

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