抱歉机器人,你被炒鱿鱼了

The Henn Na Hotel in Japan, which from 2015 has employed almost 250 robots to meet guests' needs, is cutting back on automation after its experiment failed to reduce costs or workload for employees.位于日本的海茵娜酒店为了满足宾客的需求,从2015年开始引进了大约250个机器人,但却没能减轻雇佣成本或员工负担,因此该酒店正在大幅减少机器人的数量,让它们“下岗”。The hotel will reduce its robotic workforce by more than half and return to more traditional human-provided services for guests, though it will maintain a number of robots in areas where it found them to be effective and efficient. Its change of direction can offer lessons for companies that are pursuing robotic solutions for customer service roles.酒店内有过半的机器人将面临“被炒鱿鱼”的命运,取而代之的是更为传统的人工服务,但是工作效果比较好的一些机器人则会被保留在原有的岗位上。很多企业想要通过机器人来解决客户服务方面的问题,而酒店将机器人“炒鱿鱼”这一案例则给它们上了一课。The hotel utilized a host of robots including in-room voice assistants and a robotic concierge. It also put robots to work behind the scenes to complete tasks such as sorting and transporting luggage. While robots moving luggage into and out of storage containers or around the hotel has proven to be useful, most of the other deployments have not, for a variety of reasons.在这家酒店内机器人无处不在:客房内有语音助手机器人,房外有机器人门房,还有机器人专门负责行李的挑拣和运送。尽管行李机器人在实际运用中的效果还算不错,但其它的机器人则是状况百出。Foremost among these is the growing obsolescence of some of these robots, with units like the in-room assistants leaving customers frustrated with their experience. In other instances, robots didn't actually eliminate the need for workers, such as at the check-in desk, where robots designed to look like dinosaurs greeted guests but still needed humans to make copies of passports, for example.各类问题中最突出的要数部分机器人的陈旧过时,它们渐渐跟不上时代的步伐,例如房内机器人助手经常解决不了顾客的问题。有些机器人则没法减轻工作人员的负担:如被设计成“恐龙”样式的前台机器人虽然能向顾客问好,但是复印护照这种细活,仍然需要人工来完成。Most consumers are still uncomfortable with robots when they need to communicate with the machines face to face. Instead, robots should be developed for tasks where they work alongside trained employees and are likely to have the most meaningful impact — after all they are not good enough to replace all human work at present.当和机器人面对面交流时,大多数的顾客仍然感到不自然。实际上,要想在服务业领域让机器人大派用场,最好的办法是让它们协助训练有素的我们进行工作,这样才能使整体的工作效率最大化——毕竟当前的机器人还无法完全替代人类来工作。VOCABULARYconcierge: n. 看门人,门房deployment: n. 部署;调度

英语中的语调单位

评价一个人的口语水平如何,大家都会想到“语音语调”,也就是Pronunciation and Intonation。前者是通过音标所记录的音素来确定每一个词的正确发音,不同的英语国家在很多词汇的发音上存在差异,但只要遵循同一类的发音规律,那么便不会存在原则上的问题。后者则是很多英语学习者的最困惑的地方:到底什么是语调,它如何能使我们的口语显得地道?语调语调简单讲就是“说话的腔调”,准确讲是一句话里“声调高低、抑扬轻重的配制和变化”。英语有五种基本语调:升调(↗)、降调(↙)、升降调(∧)、降升调(∨)以及平调(→)。一句话的意义不仅仅通过词义得以表达,还需要语调的协助,表示出说话者的态度和语气。如祈使句“Do not touch the pot.”、疑问句“Did you touch the pot?”和肯定句“You did not touch the pot.”除了语义上的差异,还展现出了完全不同的说话者态度,再来回味一下这三句话是怎么读的,就不难发现语调的重要性了。语调单位要充分理解语调这一概念,那么就要了解什么是“语调单位”(Intonation Unit)。语调单位又称作语调群,是语言中语调的基本单位。一个语调单位通常相当于一个意群,由一个重读音节和若干个非重读音节组成。每个语调单位中至少有一个是响亮音,最响亮的高峰音便是语调单位的核心(nucleus),一旦越过这个“高峰”,音调便开始变化。语调单位通常由几个词组成,而完整的语调单位由四个部分组成:调冠、调头、调核和调尾。讲到这里,不少人已经被这些生疏的概念吓跑了。但其实语调一点都不枯燥,它是一句话悦耳动听的基础,也是所谓“语感”的核心所在,蕴含着语言的“灵魂”。今天我们就将为大家带来微课Intonation Units of English,从基础入手,结合实例分析,感受英语语调的魅力。

“英语能力等级量表”与雅思、普思考试成功对接

The National Education Examinations Authority (NEEA), Ministry of Education, China and the British Council (BC) jointly released the results of their collaborative research on linking IELTS and Aptis to China's Standards of English Language Ability (CSE). The successful completion of the research marks the official mapping of the CSE to the international examination systems, while demonstrating that Sino-UK educational collaboration has moved to a new stage.近日,中国教育部考试中心与英国文化教育协会联合发布了雅思、普思(Aptis)考试与中国英语能力等级量表(CSE)的对接研究结果,标志着中国英语语言能力标准与国际考试系统接轨,中英在教育领域的合作进入新阶段。What is “CSE”? Different from “CET4” and “CET6” tests, CSE was developed as the fundamental element of National Foreign Language Assessment Framework. The framework was designed to promote the comprehensive reform and development of foreign language education in China and to cultivate talents with global vision, language proficiency and a comprehensive knowledge of the international community.那么什么是“英语能力等级量表”呢?“CSE”和我们熟知的“四六级”不同,它是根据国家英语能力等级考试制定的分级规范。设计等级考试将有助于我国进行全面的外语教育改革,助力培养具有全球化视野、熟练外语能力和综合知识的新型人才。The standards categorize the ability of Chinese English learners into nine proficiency levels across the basic, intermediate and advanced stages, defining each level comprehensively through specific, accurate and easy-to-understand descriptors. It applies to all levels of English learners from elementary school to university, and focuses on abilities in communication in everyday life and work, as well as understanding the culture in English-speaking countries.“英语能力等级量表”将我国英语学习者的语言能力分为九个等级,涵盖初、中、高等语言学习阶段,每一个等级都通过具体、准确、易懂的标准进行量化。与我们熟知的“四六级”不同的是,“量表”适用于小学到大学各个阶段的学习者,考察的内容也聚焦于日常生活和工作中的场景,并关注英语国家的文化风俗。Launched at the beginning of 2017, the collaborative research on linking IELTS and Aptis to the CSE took two years to complete. The research team referred to previous studies on linking international language tests to language standards and employed a scientific approach which integrated expert judgements and empirical data, collecting evidences from multiple sources.“英语能力等级量表”对接雅思和普思考试的工作始于2017年初,耗时两年完成。研究团队研究了国际上通行的多种英语评价机制,运用科学手段将专家评估意见和实验数据结合起来,一同制定了最终的标准。The linking results will be of particular value to policymakers at educational institutions by helping them meet curriculum goals. They will also encourage the improvement of teaching methods, learning materials and teaching practices in classrooms.考试分数的对接对于学校来说无疑是一大利好,除了能够更好地确立课程教学目标,与国际接轨后的英语考试也将有助于提升教学方法,完善教学内容和课堂内的训练。VOCABULARYproficiency: n. 熟练;精通descriptor: n. 描述符;指示词empirical: adj. 经验性的

练习 | VOA慢速:实现目标的方法

燕山大学 刘立军 编写 TRANSCRIPTFrom VOA Learning English, this is the Health and Lifestyle report.If you are like millions of people around the world, the New Year brings with it new goals.Perhaps you want to save money, lose weight or learn a new skill. You tell yourself, "This is the year I'm going to ... (fill in the blank)."But then you get busy.Your daily life - as wonderful as it can be - takes up all of your time. Before you know it, weeks, then months have gone by, and you are no closer to your goal.Time, as they say, waits for no one.Yet your goal remains important. And achieving a goal, no matter how small, feels good. In addition, when we do not work on our goals, we may end up feeling guilty or not successful.So, how can we find time to work on these larger life goals?Well, many websites address this issue, and they offer some of the same advice: If you want to achieve something, clearly identify it and write it down. Identify specific goalsAs you identify your goals, be specific. If a goal is too general, it may be hard to pursue, let alone achieve it.Let's say your goal is to get in better physical shape. That's a fine idea - but psychologists might say as a goal, it is too general. To make the goal more specific, you could sign up for a regular exercise class. So, whether you are dancing, doing yoga or kickboxing, you have a regular commitment every week. You could also say your goal is to lose a certain amount of weight in a certain amount of time. Write your goals downExperts say writing down your goal is a very important step. It gets the goal out of your brain and into the real world.Some psychologists suggest that writing a goal on paper is better than typing it on a device or saying it into your phone. Your brain receives information differently when it comes from handwriting. Writing things down seems to say to the brain, "I am important! Remember me!" Writing has another benefit: You can post your goal somewhere as a reminder. As you sit down at your computer or pour your morning coffee, your goal stares you in the face and asks, "What are you going to do about me today?" Tell a friendTelling someone your goal is also helpful.If someone else knows about your goals, you are held accountable for any progress or lack of progress. Your friend might ask, "So, how many pages of your novel have you written?" If you keep saying "none," you might feel badly. Now you feel a pressure to do it - the pressure of your friend's opinion of you. And that can be a big pressure! Many people do not want to let others down, especially friends and family. Break down BIG goals into small onesNot all goals are created equal. Some can be quite big. And for those bigger goals, experts suggest breaking them down into smaller ones.So, let's say you want to work for yourself. You love cooking. So, you decide to start your own company that supplies food for special events. Now, that is a very big goal. But it is made up of many smaller goals. So, identify them, write them down and set for yourself time limits.These suggestions all help to make your goals real. If you simply think about your goals, they can easily get lost in your brain - which, after all, has a lot to do in a day.Other experts remind us of another detail as we set our goals for the New Year: The goals may change. Or your life situation may change. Or you may change. So, it is a good idea to check in with yourself. Is this goal still what you want? Is your approach still working? If things are not proceeding forward, perhaps you need to change something.One expert, Ryder Carroll, helps people organize their life's goals by using a simple notebook. He suggests thinking about your goals not as a final destination, but rather as lighthouses guiding you along.It is the pursuit of your goals - not the reaching of them - that makes up the weeks, days and hours of our lives. So make sure to have fun along the way!And that's the Health and Lifestyle report. I'm Anna Matteo. And I'm Bryan Lynn.Adapted from http://www.kekenet.com/broadcast/201901/577782.shtml VOCABULARY1. end up: to find yourself in a place or situation that you did not intend or expect to be in 最终成为;最后处于。例如:If you go on like this you'll end up in prison. 如果你继续这样,早晚得进监狱。用法:[+ -ing 短语] I ended up doing all the work myself. 结果所有的活儿都是我一个人干了。[+ 形容词] If he carries on driving like that, he'll end up dead. 如果他继续这样开车,总有一天会把命都丢掉。2. address v. (formal) to think about a problem or a situation and decide how you are going to dealwith it 设法解决;处理;对付。例如:Your essay does not address the real issues. 你的论文没有论证实质问题。We must address ourselves to the problem of traffic pollution. 我们必须设法解决交通污染问题。3. identify v. to find or discover sb. /sth. 找到;发现。用法:[动词 + 名词短语] 例如:Scientists have identified a link between diet and cancer. 科学家发现了饮食与癌症之间的关联。As yet they have not identified a buyer for the company. 迄今为止他们还没有为公司找到买主。[动词 + wh-从句] 例如:They are trying to identify what is wrong with the present system. 他们正试图弄清现行制度的弊端所在。[动词 + 名词短语] ~ sb. /sth. (as sb./sth.) to make it possible to recognize who or what sb. / sth. is 显示;说明身份。例如:In many cases, the clothes people wear identify them as belonging to a particular social class. 很多情况下,人们的穿着显示出他们的社会阶级。4. kickboxing n. 跆拳道5. commitment n. [不可数名词, 可数名词] ~ (of sth.) (to sth.) agreeing to use money, time or people in order to achieve sth.(资金、时间、人力的)花费,使用。例如:the commitment of resources to education对教育的资源投入Achieving success at this level requires a commitment of time and energy. 取得这种水平的成就需要花费时间和精力。6. let sb. down: to fail to help or support sb. as they had hoped or expected 不能帮助,不能支持 (某人);使失望。例如:I'm afraid she let us down badly. 很遗憾,她让我们大失所望。This machine won't let you down. 你尽管放心,这台机器不会出毛病。He trudged home feeling lonely and let down. 他步履艰难地往家走,感到孤独而沮丧。 QUESTIONSRead the statements. Then listen to the news and check the true (ü) or false (û) statements. 1. If a goal is too general, it may be easy to pursue. 2. Experts say writing down your goal is a very important step. 3. Some psychologists suggest that writing a goal on paper is not necessarily better than typing it on a device or saying it into your phone. 4. Telling someone your goal is also helpful. 5. For those bigger goals, experts suggest breaking them down into smaller ones. 6. Other experts remind us that the goals may change as we set our goals for the New Year. 7. Ryder Carroll helps people organize their life's goals by using a simple notebook. 8. Ryder Carroll suggests thinking about your goals not as a final destination, but rather as lighthouses guiding you along. 9. It is the reaching of your goals that makes up the weeks, days and hours of our lives. KEYRead the statements. Then listen to the news and check the true (ü) or false (û) statements.û 1. If a goal is too general, it may be easy to pursue. 正确表达:If a goal is too general, it may be hard to pursue, let alone achieve it.ü 2. Experts say writing down your goal is a very important step.û 3. Some psychologists suggest that writing a goal on paper is not necessarily better than typing it on a device or saying it into your phone. 正确表达:Some psychologists suggest that writing a goal on paper is better than typing it on a device or saying it into your phone.ü 4. Telling someone your goal is also helpful.ü 5. For those bigger goals, experts suggest breaking them down into smaller ones.ü 6. Other experts remind us that the goals may change as we set our goals for the New Year.ü 7. Ryder Carroll helps people organize their life's goals by using a simple notebook.ü 8. Ryder Carroll suggests thinking about your goals not as a final destination, but rather as lighthouses guiding you along.û 9. It is the reaching of your goals that makes up the weeks, days and hours of our lives. 正确表达:It is the pursuit of your goals - not the reaching of them - that makes up the weeks, days and hours of our lives.

练习 | VOA常速:女性移民闪耀美国硅谷

燕山大学 刘立军 编写 TRANSCRIPTPushpa Ithal may not fit the stereotype of the typical Silicon Valley CEO. She’s female, foreign-born and a mother. Nevertheless, she’s one of the many foreign-born women with thriving technology careers in Silicon Valley, where companies are increasingly relying on workers like her. Silicon Valley is known for entire world about like creating, building great products that millions of people, hundreds of millions people use it.Silicon Valley, the global center for high-tech innovation, could be renamed immigrant Valley. It is fueled by foreign-born workers, many of whom are from humble roots and having worked so hard to get here. Many have ambitions beyond their day jobs. Do you want to take this risk and move to a start-up? Hey, you know what I came here all the way. Let’s risk it that drives like everything.In computer science jobs, people born outside the United States make up almost 70% of those in their prime working years. That’s especially to for women - nearly 80% of women in computer and math fields are foreign-born. Most are from India and China.Countries like India and China where women, women’s roles are often very subservient. Silicon Valley offers a pathway out. Engineering, in particular, is a pathway towards economic sustainability. Although the tech industry is still mostly male, more and more foreign-born women are finding success here and are rapidly promoted.Lingling Shi born in China self-studying technology as her ticket to success in the US, Computer science, I mean most of us feel like it’s easier to apply green cards. It’s not my main anxious. I’ll be honest. Family life is one way that foreign-born women in tech are different than their American counterparts. Despite their demanding careers, they are almost twice as likely to be married and also much more likely to have children. I think to, to Chinese feminists, in most important, they will never accept no matter how successful like, my parents will not be happy, like oh, you have VP of engineer now but you don’t have kids.Women in India and in China under a set of cultural expectations and norms that they will have a family right away and they will excel in their careers. These women are really kind of super women in terms of the tasks that they take on.But that parental pressure also comes with perks. Typically for Asian family like parents will be here when the time you’re about to deliver the baby then they will be here for like half a year, one-year.Support like that can make a real difference. They will get to those leadership roles a lot more quickly than their American-born peers who don’t have the support that they need.They may not be household names are on the covers of business magazines yet, but these immigrants are likely to be the talent fueling the next wave of tech innovation.Dena Mitchell for VOA news San Jose California.Adapted from http://www.kekenet.com/broadcast/201901/577472.shtml VOCABULARY1. stereotype n. a fixed idea or image that many people have of a particular type of person or thing, but which is often not true in reality 模式化观念(或形象);老一套;刻板印象。例如: cultural / gender / racial stereotypes有关文化的 / 性别的 / 种族的旧框框 He doesn't conform to the usual stereotype of the businessman with a dark suit and briefcase.他不同于人们一般印象中穿黑色西装、提公文包的商人形象。2. subservient adj. subservient (to sth) (formal) less important than sth. else 次要;从属于。例如:The needs of individuals were subservient to those of the group as a whole. 个人的需要服从于整个集体的需要。3. pathway=path n. a plan of action or a way of achieving sth. 行动计划;成功的途径。例如: a career path职业道路 the path to success成功之道4. perk n. (常用复数) something you receive as well as your wages for doing a particular job (工资之外的)补贴,津贴,额外待遇。例如: (figurative) Not having to get up early is just one of the perks of being retired. 不必早起只是退休生活的好处之一。 Perks offered by the firm include a car and free health insurance. 公司给予的额外待遇包括一辆汽车和免费健康保险。 QUESTIONSListen to the news and choose the best answer to each question you hear.(Q1) What could the Silicon Valley be renamed?(A) Female Valley.(B) High-tech innovation Valley.(C) Computer Valley.(D) Immigrant Valley.(Q2) What’s the most important thing for Chinese feminists?(A) To have kids.(B) To have demanding careers.(C) To be married.(D) To have a higher degree.(Q3) What kind of support will make a real difference for Asian women?(A) Support from their companies when they’re buying a house.(B) Support from their husbands when they’re about to deliver a baby.(C) Support from their parents when they’re about to deliver a baby.(D) Support from their universities when they’re doing their PhD degrees. KEY(Q1) D。细节题。命题出处:Silicon Valley, the global center for high-tech innovation, could be renamed immigrant Valley.(Q2) A。推断题。命题出处:Family life is one way that foreign-born women in tech are different than their American counterparts. Despite their demanding careers, they are almost twice as likely to be married and also much more likely to have children. I think to, to Chinese feminists, in most important, they will never accept no matter how successful like, my parents will not be happy, like oh, you have VP of engineer now but you don’t have kids.(Q3) C。细节题。命题出处:But that parental pressure also comes with perks. Typically for Asian family like parents will be here when the time you’re about to deliver the baby then they will be here for like half a year, one-year. Support like that can make a real difference. They will get to those leadership roles a lot more quickly than their American-born peers who don’t have the support that they need.

练习 | 科学美国人60秒:木星卫星总数增加

燕山大学 刘立军 编写 TRANSCRIPTThis is Scientific American - 60-Second Science. I'm Steve Mirsky.How many moons does Jupiter have? If you said four, you might be Galileo. If you said 69, you were right. Until the announcement this morning by the International Astronomical Union of the discovery of an additional 10 moons about the gas-giant planet. Bringing the currently known total to 79. That's a lot of moons.A research team from the Carnegie Institution for Science, the University of Hawaii and Northern Arizona University was looking in 2017 for very distant objects in our solar system, well beyond Pluto. Jupiter happened to be in the same field of view, so they also looked for any as yet unknown moons. They found 12, two of which were announced last year. Confirmation of the moons required multiple observations, and those data enabled a calculation of the moons' orbits.Nine of the dozen moons are well away from Jupiter and have retrograde orbits, meaning they go around the planet in what we'd think of as the "wrong direction". They take about two Earth years to complete their circuits.Two new moons are closer in, go the right way, and take about an Earth year for one orbit. Those eleven moons are probably remnants of larger bodies that got broken up in collisions.The remaining moon is less than a kilometer across, further out than the two conventional moons and has a 1.5-year orbit - and the orbit is inclined. That tilt has the weird little moon crossing the paths of those outer retrograde moons. Which means an increased likelihood of a big smash-up one day.Depending on what survives from any such collision, Jupiter may then have even more moons. Or a couple of fewer.For Scientific American - 60-Second Science. I'm Steve Mirsky.Adapted from http://www.kekenet.com/broadcast/201901/577125.shtml VOCABULARY1. moon n. (可数名词) a natural satellite that moves around a planet other than the earth 卫星。例如:How many moons does Jupiter have? 木星有多少颗卫星?2. Jupiter n. the largest planet of the solar system, fifth in order of distance from the sun 木星(太阳系中最大的行星)3. Pluto n. one of a number of round objects in space that go around the sun but are not as large as planets 冥王星4. retrograde adj. (formal, disapproving) (of an action 行为) making a situation worse or returning to how sth. was in the past 倒退的;退化的;退步的。例如:The closure of the factory is a retrograde step. 工厂的关闭是一大退步。5. circuit n. a line, route, or journey around a place 环行;环行路线。例如: The race ended with eight laps of a city centre circuit. 比赛以环绕城中心跑八圈结束。 The earth takes a year to make a circuit of (= go around) the sun. 地球绕太阳运行一周需要一年的时间。6. remnant n. (常用复数) a part of sth. that is left after the other parts have been used, removed, destroyed, etc. 残余部分;剩余部分。(同义词) remains 例如:The woods are remnants of a huge forest which once covered the whole area. 这片树林只是剩下的一部分,原来这一带是一大片森林。7. tilt n. a position in which one end or side of sth. is higher than the other; an act of tilting sth. to one side 倾斜;倾侧。例如: The table is at a slight tilt. 这桌子有点儿歪。 He answered with a tilt of his head. 他歪着头回答。8. weird adj. very strange or unusual and difficult to explain 奇异的;不寻常的;怪诞的。例如: a weird dream离奇的梦 She's a really weird girl. 她真是个古怪的女孩。 He's got some weird ideas. 他有些怪念头。 It's really weird seeing yourself on television. 看到自己上了电视感觉怪怪的。 the weird and wonderful creatures that live beneath the sea奇异美丽的海底生物 QUESTIONSListen to the news and choose the best answer to each question you hear.(Q1) How many moons does Jupiter have?(A) 4.(B) 10.(C) 69.(D) 79.(Q2) How many moons did the research team find in 2017 in our solar system?(A) 12.(B) 11.(C) 9.(D) 2.(Q3) How many moons are probably remains of larger bodies that broke up in collisions?(A) 9.(B) 10.(C) 11.(D) 12. KEY(Q1) D。细节题。命题出处:How many moons does Jupiter have? If you said four, you might be Galileo. If you said 69, you were right. Until the announcement this morning by the International Astronomical Union of the discovery of an additional 10 moons about the gas-giant planet. Bringing the currently known total to 79. That's a lot of moons.(Q2) A。细节题。命题出处:A research team from the Carnegie Institution for Science, the University of Hawaii and Northern Arizona University was looking in 2017 for very distant objects in our solar system, well beyond Pluto. Jupiter happened to be in the same field of view, so they also looked for any as yet unknown moons. They found 12, two of which were announced last year.(Q3) C。细节题。命题出处:Two new moons are closer in, go the right way, and take about an Earth year for one orbit. Those eleven moons are probably remnants of larger bodies that got broken up in collisions.

第九届教学大赛翻译专业组特等奖计霄雯授课

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