新闻听力 | VOA慢速:欧洲人工智能新法规将如何影响世界

新闻听力 | VOA慢速:欧洲人工智能新法规将如何影响世界

4.8分钟 242 122wpm

How Will Europe's New Artificial Intelligence Rules Affect the World?

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VOA慢速:欧洲人工智能新法规将如何影响世界

How Will Europe's New Artificial Intelligence Rules Affect the World?


慢速
| 高考 | 551  | 4min47s


刘立军供稿


Part I. QUESTIONS

Listen to the news and choose the best answer to each question you hear.


Q1. What is the purpose of the AI Act mentioned in the text?

A. To promote the use of AI in Europe.

B. To ban all AI technologies that are harmful.

C. To set guidelines for responsible use of AI technology.

D. To reduce the energy consumption of AI systems.


Q2. When will the new AI Act potentially come into effect?

A. Immediately after the vote next year.

B. Within two years from the lawmakers' vote.

C. Early in 2025.

D. Sometime early in 2026.


Q3. According to Professor Anu Bradford, what is the significance of Europe's new AI regulations?

A. They are complex and difficult to implement.

B. They may serve as a benchmark globally.

C. They restrict the development of AI.

D. They have been influenced by ChatGPT.


Q4. What specific requirement did President Joe Biden enact regarding AI technology companies in the United States?

A. To share test results and information with the government.

B. To follow European guidelines on AI.

C. To completely ban the use of social scoring systems.

D. To develop AI tools based on the EU's copyright laws.


Q5. Under Europe's new rules, what are AI systems required to disclose about their training processes?

A. The ethical considerations involved.

B. The origin of their training material and energy consumption.

C. The number of users who have interacted with the system.

D. The future predictions made by the AI system.


Part II. TRANSCRIPT

How Will Europe's New Artificial Intelligence Rules Affect the World?


European nations reached an agreement on rules for artificial intelligence (AI) last week. Some experts say the regulations will affect people around the world. Here are some of the details of the agreement reported by the Associated Press


The AI Act and how it works:

(Q1) The AI Act aims to regulate or establish guidelines for AI technology that has the potential to cause problems if misused. AI systems that recommend online material, or those that check email messages, would be less regulated. But technology that concerns healthcare or medical decisions would have higher requirements. Some AI systems will be banned except in some cases. They include systems that scan people's faces in public and systems that make predictions about future behavior such as whether a person will commit a crime. The new AI Act will not take effect until two years after a vote from European lawmakers. The vote is planned for the first part of next year. (Q2) The soonest it would be in place is sometime early in 2026.

misuse v. 误用;滥用


How will the Act affect the world?

Some experts say the guidelines could become a global standard. That has happened before. One recent European decision caused U.S. company Apple to stop using its lightning data cable in favor of a more widely used cable. Experts say Europe's rules might be used as a blueprint in other parts of the world. Anu Bradford is a professor at Columbia University in New York City. (Q3) She called Europe's act "comprehensive" and "a game-changer." Bradford noted the European rules will "show the world AI can be governed." Rights groups complained that Europe's decision to not completely ban the use of facial recognition "is a missed opportunity." Amnesty International noted that Europe did not ban exports of AI technology that covers social scoring. Social scoring systems permit governments to record how well citizens follow rules.

blueprint n. 行动方案;计划蓝图

Amnesty International n. 大赦国际,国际特赦组织(国际人权组织,旨在帮助因信仰、种族而被关押者,并争取制止酷刑和死刑)


What are the U.S. and China doing?

In the United States, President Joe Biden signed an executive order in October on AI. (Q4) Biden required AI technology companies to share test results and other information with the government. Government organizations will create requirements for AI tools that must be followed before systems are released for public use. China released rules for AI tools that create material such as photos, text and videos. The rules are only short-term guidelines. President Xi Jinping also called for an open and fair environment for AI development around the world.


Will Europe's rules change ChatGPT?

The rise of ChatGPT, an AI tool based in the U.S., is one of the reasons for Europe's new set of rules. Europe's rules include guidelines for chatbots and other AI systems that can do jobs such as writing, creating video and writing computer code. (Q5) Systems must clearly show where the material that went into training the bots came from. They also must show how much energy was used to train the systems, or models. They should be open about how they control the data that comes from their tool's users. And they need to observe the EU's copyright property protection laws. High technology systems or risky uses of AI are required to follow stricter rules. Those include systems that create basic pieces of information, such as computer code, that others will then use to create other AI systems.


I'm Dan Friedell.



Part III. KEY


Q1. C。大意题。文章提到:“The AI Act aims to regulate or establish guidelines for AI technology...” 意为:“AI法案旨在规范或建立AI技术的指导原则……”。根据此句,可以理解AI法案的目的是为负责任地使用AI技术设定指导原则。因此答案为C


Q2. D。细节题。文章最后一句提到:“The soonest it would be in place is sometime early in 2026.” 意为:“它最早将在2026年初实施。”这个句子明确说明了新AI法案可能生效的时间范围。因此答案为D


Q3. B。推理题。文章中Anu Bradford称欧洲的行动为“comprehensive”和“a game-changer”,并表示这些规则将“show the world AI can be governed.” 意为:“她称欧洲的措施是‘全面的’和‘改变游戏规则的’,并指出这些规则将‘向世界展示人工智能是可以被管控的’。”这表明欧洲的新AI规定可能会成为全球的标杆。因此答案为B


Q4. A。细节题。文章提到:Biden required AI technology companies to share test results and other information with the government.” 意为:“拜登要求AI技术公司与政府共享测试结果和其他信息。”这明确指出了拜登总统对美国AI技术公司的具体要求。因此答案为A


Q5. B。细节题。文章提到:“Systems must clearly show where the material that went into training the bots came from. They also must show how much energy was used to train the systems, or models.” 意为:“系统必须清楚地显示训练机器人所用的材料来源。它们也必须展示训练系统或模型使用了多少能源。”这个描述指明了AI系统在培训过程中需要披露的具体信息。因此答案为B


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  • 时长:4.8分钟
  • 语速:122wpm
  • 来源:刘立军 2024-05-13