练习 | 褪黑素与睡眠

练习 | 褪黑素与睡眠

2.3分钟 12520 139wpm

What Is Melatonin - and Should You Take It to Fall Asleep?

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褪黑素与睡眠
What Is Melatonin - and Should You Take It to Fall Asleep?
刘立军 供稿

TRANSCRIPT

Melatonin is a hormone, often called the hormone of darkness, simply because melatonin tells your brain and your body that it’s nighttime and that it’s time to sleep. Melatonin is naturally produced by your brain, and it’s released by a very small gland deep within your brain called the pineal gland. However, you can also buy melatonin in certain countries, and some people will try to use it as a sleep aid. But melatonin isn’t quite as effective as you may think. 

For example, if you pull together all of the recent scientific studies on sleep and melatonin, which is a technique that we call a meta-analysis, we’ve discovered that melatonin only increases the speed with which you fall asleep by 3.9 minutes and only increases the quality of your sleep, what we call your sleep efficiency, by just 2.2 percent.

And this is very understandable since the role of melatonin is primarily in regulating the timing of your sleep, rather than being involved in the generation of sleep itself. That’s down to a very different set of brain mechanisms. It’s also important to understand that melatonin is not well regulated as a supplement in several countries. As a result, the purity and the strength of melatonin that you buy is often unreliable. 

So if you’re looking to optimize your sleep, it’s best to focus on the basics. The things that we know make a real difference, things such as regularity, keeping your bedroom cool at night, getting darkness in the evening, and, for example, trying to dim down half of the lights in your house in the last hour before bed. And then, reverse-engineering this by getting plenty of natural daylight in the morning hours. And finally try to get some form of physical activity each day. 

These things are much more likely to help your sleep, rather than looking to melatonin for some kind of sleep assistance.

VOCABULARY

1. melatonin n. 褪黑激素
2. hormone n. 激素;荷尔蒙。例如:a hormone imbalance 激素失调
3. gland n. an organ in a person's or an animal's body that produces a substance for the body to use. There are many different glands in the body. 腺。例如:a snake's poison glands 蛇的毒腺
4. pineal n. (anatomy 解) a small organ in the brain that releases a hormone  松果腺

QUESTIONS

Read the statements. Then listen to the news and decide whether the statements are true (T) or false (F). Then correct the false statements. 

1. Melatonin tells your brain and your body that it’s nighttime and that it’s time to sleep. 
2. Melatonin is naturally produced by your brain, and it is released by a very small gland deep within your brain called the pineal gland. 
3. You can buy melatonin in all countries, and some people will try to use it as a sleep aid. 
4. Melatonin isn’t quite as effective as you may think. 
5. Melatonin only increases the speed of falling asleep by 2.2 minutes and only increases the quality of your sleepby just 3.9 percent.
6. The role of melatonin is primarily in regulating the generation of sleep itself, rather than being involved in the timing of your sleep. 
7. Regularity, keeping your bedroom warm at night, getting darkness in the evening, andtrying to dim down half of the lights in your house in the last hour before bed are much more likely to help your sleep. 
8. Getting plenty of natural daylight in the evening hours is much more likely to help your sleep. 
9. Trying to get some form of physical activity each day is much more likely to help your sleep. 

KEY 

Read the statements. Then listen to the news and decide whether the statements are true (T) or false (F). Then correct the false statements.

(T) 1. Melatonin tells your brain and your body that it’s nighttime and that it’s time to sleep. 
(T) 2. Melatonin is naturally produced by your brain, and it is released by a very small gland deep within your brain called the pineal gland. 
(F) 3. You can buy melatonin in all countries, and some people will try to use it as a sleep aid. (正确表达)You can buy melatonin in certain countries, and some people will try to use it as a sleep aid. 
(T) 4. Melatonin isn’t quite as effective as you may think. 
(F) 5. Melatonin only increases the speed of falling asleep by 2.2 minutes and only increases the quality of your sleep by just 3.9 percent. (正确表达)Melatonin only increases the speed of falling asleep by 3.9 minutes and only increases the quality of your sleep by just 2.2 percent.
(F) 6. The role of melatonin is primarily in regulating the generation of sleep itself, rather than being involved in the timing of your sleep.(正确表达)The role of melatonin is primarily in regulating the timing of your sleep, rather than being involved in the generation of sleep itself. 
(F) 7. Regularity, keeping your bedroom warm at night, getting darkness in the evening, and trying to dim down half of the lights in your house in the last hour before bed are much more likely to help your sleep.(正确表达)Regularity, keeping your bedroom cool at night, getting darkness in the evening, and trying to dim down half of the lights in your house in the last hour before bed are much more likely to help your sleep. 
(F) 8. Getting plenty of natural daylight in the evening hours is much more likely to help your sleep.(正确表达)Getting plenty of natural daylight in the morning hours is much more likely to help your sleep. 
(T) 9. Trying to get some form of physical activity each day is much more likely to help your sleep. 


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  • 时长:2.3分钟
  • 语速:139wpm
  • 来源:刘立军 2022-04-28