练习 | WHO冠状病毒问答

1.4分钟 27957次

WHO就冠状病毒的简单问答


冠状病毒(WHO):冠状病毒问答

WHO: Coronavirus - Questions and Answers

 

燕山大学 刘立军 编写

 

u TRANSCRIPT

l What is a coronavirus? 

Coronaviruses are a family of viruses that range from the common cold to MERS coronavirus, which is Middle East Respiratory Syndrome coronavirus and SARS, Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome coronavirus.

 

l Where do coronaviruses come from? 

Coronaviruses are circulating in animals and some of these corona viruses have the capability of transmitting between animals and humans. We call that a spillover event.

 

l How can I help protect myself from a coronavirus?

The coronaviruses typically cause respiratory symptoms. So we recommend a basic hand hygiene, such as washing your hands with soap and water, and respiratory hygiene, such as when you sneeze, sneezing into your elbow.

Ways to protect yourself against a potential animal source would be to avoid unnecessary, unprotected contact with live animals and to make sure that you wash your hands thoroughly after contact with an animal, and also to make sure that your meat is cooked thoroughly before consuming.

 

l Is there a treatment?

There are no specific treatments for coronaviruses, but symptoms can be treated.

 

u VOCABULARY

1. spillover n. something that is too large or too much for the place where it starts, and spreads to other places 容纳不下的部分;溢出部分。例如:A second room was needed for the spillover of staff and reporters. 还需要一个房间给没有安置的员工和记者。

2. respiratory adj. connected with breathing 呼吸的。例如:the respiratory system呼吸系统

3. hygiene n.不可数名词the practice of keeping yourself and your living and working areas clean in order to prevent illness and disease 卫生。例如:In the interests of hygiene, please wash your hands. 为了卫生,请洗手。

 

u QUESTIONS

Read the statements. Then listen to the news and decide whether the statements are true (T) or false (F).

1. MERS coronavirus is Middle East Respiratory Syndrome coronavirus.

2. Coronaviruses are circulating in animals and all of these corona viruses have the capability of transmitting between animals and humans.

3. The coronaviruses typically cause respiratory symptoms.

4. We should wash our hands thoroughly before and after contact with an animal.

5. The meat should be cooked thoroughly after consuming.

6. There are no specific treatments for symptoms, but coronaviruses can be treated.

 

u KEY 

Read the statements. Then listen to the news and decide whether the statements are true (T) or false (F).

(T) 1. MERS coronavirus is Middle East Respiratory Syndrome coronavirus.

(F) 2. Coronaviruses are circulating in animals and all of these corona viruses have the capability of transmitting between animals and humans.(正确表达)Coronaviruses are circulating in animals and some of these corona viruses have the capability of transmitting between animals and humans.

(T) 3. The coronaviruses typically cause respiratory symptoms.

(F) 4. We should wash our hands thoroughly before and after contact with an animal.(正确表达)We should wash our hands thoroughly after contact with an animal.

(F) 5. The meat should be cooked thoroughly after consuming.(正确表达)The meat should be cooked thoroughly before consuming.

(F) 6. There are no specific treatments for symptoms, but coronaviruses can be treated.(正确表达)There are no specific treatments for coronaviruses, but symptoms can be treated.

 

讨论区

还可以输入500 个字
  • 时长:1.4分钟
  • 来源:刘立军 2020-02-27