练习 | BBC新闻:空气污染造成数百万人早亡

练习 | BBC新闻:空气污染造成数百万人早亡

0.9分钟 932 190wpm

空气污染造成数百万人早亡

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BBC新闻:空气污染造成数百万人早亡
燕山大学 刘立军 宋葳 编写

◇TRANSCRIPT


Hello this is Chiles Camel with the BBC news.

An international study estimates the pollution was linked to nine million premature deaths worldwide in twenty fifteen. The study analyzed global data about pollution related illnesses such as heart disease and strokes. Helen Brooks reports.

Research has analyzed worldwide health data to estimate the number of premature deaths linked with all forms of pollution, from traffic fumes to industrial chemicals. Air pollution was linked to six and a half million early deaths. Water pollution was the second largest contributor factor followed by exposure to toxins or carcinogens that work. Almost all of these deaths occurred in low and middle income countries where pollution could account for up to a quarter of early death. The author of the report says water pollution is being neglected on the global health agenda and deserves the full attention of international leaders.

Adapted from 空气污染造成过百万人早亡

◇VOCABULARY
1. premature adj. happening before the normal or expected time 未成熟的;过早的;提前的。例如:his premature death at the age of 37他37岁时早逝

2. stroke n. a sudden serious illness when a blood vessel (= tube) in the brain bursts or is blocked, which can cause death or the loss of the ability to move or to speak clearly 中风。例如:
○to have/suffer a stroke 患中风
○The stroke left him partly paralysed. 他因中风身体局部瘫痪了。

3. toxin n. a poisonous substance, especially one that is produced by bacteria in plants and animals 毒素(尤指生物体自然产生的毒物)

4. carcinogen n. a substance that can cause cancer 致癌物

◇QUESTIONS
Read the statements. Then listen to the news and check (√) the true or (×) false statements.


1. An international study estimates the pollution was linked to nine million premature deaths worldwide in twenty fifty.

2. The study analyzed global data about pollution related illnesses such as heart disease and strokes.

3. Research has analyzed worldwide health data to estimate the number of premature deaths linked with all forms of pollution, from traffic fumes to industrial chemicals.

4. Water pollution was linked to six and a half million early deaths.

5. Water pollution was the second largest contributor factor followed by exposure to toxins or carcinogens that work.

6. All of these deaths occurred in low and middle income countries where pollution could account for up to a quarter of early death.

7. The author of the report says both water and air pollution is being neglected on the global health agenda and deserves the full attention of international leaders.

◇KEY

×1. An international study estimates the pollution was linked to nine million premature deaths worldwide in twenty fifty.
正确表达:An international study estimates the pollution was linked to nine million premature deaths worldwide in twenty fifteen.

√2. The study analyzed global data about pollution related illnesses such as heart disease and strokes.

√3. Research has analyzed worldwide health data to estimate the number of premature deaths linked with all forms of pollution, from traffic fumes to industrial chemicals.

×4. Water pollution was linked to six and a half million early deaths.
正确表达:Air pollution was linked to six and a half million early deaths.

√5. Water pollution was the second largest contributor factor followed by exposure to toxins or carcinogens that work.

×6. All of these deaths occurred in low and middle income countries where pollution could account for up to a quarter of early death.?
正确表达:Almost all of these deaths occurred in low and middle income countries where pollution could account for up to a quarter of early death.

×7. The author of the report says both water and air pollution is being neglected on the global health agenda and deserves the full attention of international leaders.
正确表达:The author of the report says water pollution is being neglected on the global health agenda and deserves the full attention of international leaders.

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  • 时长:0.9分钟
  • 语速:190wpm
  • 来源:刘立军 宋葳 2017-11-27