练习 | BBC新闻:专家认为根本不存在肥胖危机

练习 | BBC新闻:专家认为根本不存在肥胖危机

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专家认为根本不存在肥胖危机

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BBC News: 专家认为根本不存在肥胖危机
燕山大学 刘立军 宋葳 编写

◆TRANSCRIPT


Obesity is a problem everywhere. Obesity. And obesity crisis. Obesity problem. Obesity. Obesity crisis. Obesity is a global epidemic. The truth is there is no obesity crisis. What? Our fixation on weight is keeping us from doing things to help people get healthy. Obesity researchers hate it when I say this, but their own data show that obesity is not going to kill us. Most obese people don't have shorter lifespans than non-obese people and actually it's the underweight people who are at most at risk. Obesity only really leads to shorter lifespans at the very highest weights.

So why does everybody think obesity is deadly? Well, one reason is that obesity is correlated with three different things that we do know is deadly and they do shorten lifespan. Being sedentary. Having lower income. And not getting enough medical care. Everyone, the media, the medical community operate from the unwavering assumption that obesity is deadly. So any evidence that comes along that contradicts that, they just write it off. It is true that obese people are more likely to get diabetes and cardiovascular disease. But there are two things you need to realize. First of all, the obesity paradox. When obese people get these diseases, they're less likely to die of them than non-obese people. What? They're less likely to die of them than non-obese people. And second, to reduce your risk for those diseases, you don't actually have to get thin. You just need to exercise.

Adapted from 专家认为不存在肥胖危机

◆VOCABULARY

1.epidemic n. a large number of cases of a particular disease happening at the same time in a particular community 流行病。例如:
○the outbreak of a flu epidemic流感的爆发
○an epidemic of measles麻疹的流行

2. fixation n. (可数名词) fixation (with /on sb. /sth.) a very strong interest in sb. /sth., that is not normal or natural (对…的)异常依恋,固恋;癖。例如:
○a mother fixation恋母情结
○He's got this fixation with cleanliness. 他有洁癖。

3. sedentary adj. (of people 人) spending a lot of time sitting down and not moving 惯于久坐不动的。例如:He became increasingly sedentary in later life. 到晚年,他变得越来越不爱动了。

4. unwavering adj. (formal) not changing or becoming weaker in any way 不动摇的;坚定的;始终如一的。例如:unwavering support坚定不移的支持

5. cardiovascular adj. (medical 医) connected with the heart and the blood vessels (= the tubes that carry blood around the body) 心血管的

◆QUESTIONS
Read the passage. Then listen to the news and fill in the blanks with the words you hear.


Obesity is a problem everywhere. Obesity. And obesity crisis. Obesity problem. Obesity. Obesity crisis. Obesity is (1) _____________________________. The truth is there is no obesity crisis. What? Our fixation on weight is keeping us from doing things to (2) _______________________________. Obesity researchers hate it when I say this, but their own data show that obesity is not going to kill us. Most obese people don't have shorter lifespans than non-obese people and actually it's the (3) ___________________________________ people who are at most at risk. Obesity only really leads to shorter lifespans at the very highest weights.

So why does everybody think obesity is deadly? Well, one reason is that obesity is correlated with three different things that we do know is deadly and they do shorten lifespan. (4) _______________________________. (5) _________________________________________. And (6) _______________________________________________________. Everyone, the media, the medical community operate from the unwavering assumption that obesity is deadly. So any evidence that comes along that contradicts that, they just write it off. It is true that obese people are more likely to get diabetes and cardiovascular disease. But there are two things you need to realize. First of all, the (7) ____________________________________. When obese people get these diseases, they're less likely to (8) ___________________________them than non-obese people. What? They're less likely to die of them than non-obese people. And second, to reduce your risk for those diseases, you don't actually have to (9) _________________________. You just need to (10) ______________.

◆KEY

Obesity is a problem everywhere. Obesity. And obesity crisis. Obesity problem. Obesity. Obesity crisis. Obesity is (1) a global epidemic. The truth is there is no obesity crisis. What? Our fixation on weight is keeping us from doing things to (2) help people get healthy. Obesity researchers hate it when I say this, but their own data show that obesity is not going to kill us. Most obese people don't have shorter lifespans than non-obese people and actually it's the (3) underweight people who are at most at risk. Obesity only really leads to shorter lifespans at the very highest weights.

So why does everybody think obesity is deadly? Well, one reason is that obesity is correlated with three different things that we do know is deadly and they do shorten lifespan. (4) Being sedentary. (5) Having lower income. And (6) not getting enough medical care. Everyone, the media, the medical community operate from the unwavering assumption that obesity is deadly. So any evidence that comes along that contradicts that, they just write it off. It is true that obese people are more likely to get diabetes and cardiovascular disease. But there are two things you need to realize. First of all, the (7) obesity paradox. When obese people get these diseases, they're less likely to (8) die of them than non-obese people. What? They're less likely to die of them than non-obese people. And second, to reduce your risk for those diseases, you don't actually have to (9) get thin. You just need to (10) exercise.

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  • 时长:2.0分钟
  • 语速:158wpm
  • 来源:刘立军、宋葳 2017-10-18