Often the journey begins when a teacher recognizes that a student is not acquiring basic reading skills at the same rate as other students. Or parents may begin to wonder why their younger child is having so much more difficulty in reading than an older sibling did at the same age.
Dyslexia is a condition that hampers a person's ability to read. About 700 million people in the world are known to suffer from dyslexia — about one in ten of the global population. According to a research, in non-dyslexic people, the cells are arranged asymmetrically in both eyes, allowing signals from the one eye to be overridden by the other to create a single image in the brain. However, in people with the reading disability, the cells are arranged in matching patterns in both eyes, which may be to blame for confusing the brain by producing "mirror" images.
Dyslexic children cannot be cured with medicine or surgery. Instead, they can only be helped with special education. Despite school policies supporting inclusion and equality, dyslexic children still experience exclusion and prejudice in education. Dyslexia not only affects children's academic life and relationships with families and classmates, but also their psychological health. Under great pressure, some may have a proclivity toward violence and some are self-abased.
Research indicates that children with dyslexia have the best outcomes when they receive early, targeted intervention that prevents reading difficulties from becoming more serious and long-lasting deficits. The communication between parents and teachers is essential in determining if a child needs additional instruction or support.
All children are unique, and so, too, is each child’s language development and reading skill mastery. Dyslexic learners just need more time or are “late bloomers”. Some of the greatest minds in history such as Albert Einstein, Stephen Hawking, and Leonardo da Vinci were dyslexic, while successful entrepreneurs like Richard Branson and Steve Jobs made use of their dyslexic brains to build billion-dollar companies.
Dyslexia isn’t a disability, but a difference. It’s a distinction, not a drawback.
hamper v. 妨碍；阻碍
asymmetrically adv. 不对称地
override v. 比...更重要；凌驾
proclivity n. 倾向
self-abased adj. 自卑的