小龙虾肆虐柏林公园

小龙虾肆虐柏林公园
较难 791

北美小龙虾曾在去年夏天“肆虐”柏林街头。





North American crayfish that spilled en masse onto Berlin streets last summer will soon be appearing in the city's restaurants after its government authorized fishermen to remove them from public ponds.
北美小龙虾曾在去年夏天“肆虐”柏林街头,然而不久之后,这些小龙虾就将被端上柏林各大餐厅的餐桌。德国政府近日下令,允许有资质的捕捞人员在公园水塘中对小龙虾进行捕捞。


The red swamp crayfish, or Procambarus clarkii, are on the European Union's list of invasive alien species but also popular in German aquariums.
淡水小龙虾的学名叫做“克氏原螯虾”,尽管在德国的水族馆中处处可见,但是它被欧盟认定为外来入侵物种。
 
It is likely some were abandoned by their owners and started multiplying in favorable weather conditions, the German Nature and Biodiversity Conservation Union believes.
德国自然和生态多样性保护协会认为,当初很有可能是有人随意放生,加上气候适宜,而最终造成了小龙虾在本地的泛滥。

 


To halt the invasion, the Berlin government has licensed a local business to fish the 15 cm crustaceans out of the ponds in public parks that they have taken over.
为了阻止小龙虾在本土的蔓延,柏林政府批准了一家当地持证农场对这种长达15厘米的甲壳动物进行集中捕捞,恢复两座被“霸占”的公园水塘的生态环境。
 
The permission to catch the creatures, which runs to the end of 2018, was given after Berlin environmental authorities ascertained that they did not contain dangerous levels of heavy metals or other toxins.
这项捕捞令的有效期截止至今年年底。在颁布前,柏林环境机构已经向公众确认,这些小龙虾体内未检测出任何重金属和其他有毒物质。
 
The crayfish plague in Berlin was noticed only last year, when the red crustaceans were sighted on streets and paths in Tiergarten park.
柏林的小龙虾泛滥还只是从去年开始的事情,这种挥舞着螯足,威风凛凛的小家伙最初在蒂尔加滕公园的小径上被人们发现。


Crayfish as Food

小龙虾的美味

Crayfish are eaten all over the world. Like other edible crustaceans, only a small portion of the body of a crayfish is edible.
全球很多地方都食用小龙虾,和大多数可食用虾类一样,小龙虾的身体部分只有一小段适合食用。

 


The culinary popularity of crayfish swept across mainland China in the late 1990s. Crayfish is generally served with Mala flavour or otherwise plainly steamed whole, to be eaten with a preferred sauce. In Beijing, the ma la flavoured crayfish is shortened to "ma xiao" and is often enjoyed with beer in a hot mid-summer evening.
上世纪末,小龙虾的饮食热潮席卷了中国。国人最爱的小龙虾烹饪方式是“麻辣小龙虾”和直接蒸煮,然后配以酱汁食用。在北京,麻辣小龙虾常常被简称为“麻小”,在夏天的夜晚,就着啤酒,可谓是别有一番风味。

 


The Mexican crayfish locally named acocil was a very important nutrition source of the ancient Mexican Aztec culture. Today, crayfish is consumed mainly boiled, similarly to crayfish dishes in other parts of the world, or prepared with typically Mexican sauces and condiments, particularly in central and southern Mexico. Traditional preparations include soups, tacos and "cocktails" shrimp dishes.
在墨西哥,小龙虾被称作“acocil”,是古代阿兹特克文明的重要营养来源。今天小龙虾在墨西哥的烹饪方式和世界其他地方基本一样,直接水煮后食用,在墨西哥中部和南部地区还会配以特制的酱汁和调料。其他传统的烹饪方式还包括龙虾汤、配玉米卷饼和拼盘等。
 
In Spain, crayfish used to be widely consumed, but over-fishing and the introduction of non-native crayfish species led to a dramatic decline in crayfish population. Nowadays they remain as a seasonal delicacy, usually stewed in tomato sauce, although fishing the native crayfish is strictly forbidden since the species is nearly extinct.
在西班牙,小龙虾曾经被广泛食用,但是过度的捕捞和外来小龙虾品种的入侵导致本土品种的大量减少。尽管当地政府禁止捕捞濒临灭绝的本土品种,但仍有人把它们当做“时鲜货”,在浓郁的番茄酱中炖煮食用。
 
In the United States, crayfish are often referred to as crawfish or crawdads. In Louisiana, South Mississippi, and Southeast Texas, crayfish are generally served at a gathering known as a crawfish boil. The crayfish are usually boiled live in a large pot with heavy seasoning. There are many differing methods used to season a crawfish boil, and an equal number of opinions on which one is correct.
在美国,小龙虾常被称为“crawfish”或“crawdad”。在路易斯安纳州、密西西比州南部和德州东南部,小龙虾最有名的菜式叫做“水煮龙虾”——将小龙虾放入一个大锅,配上大量的调味料水煮后食用。水煮龙虾的方法其实有很多,没有严格的标准,很多人声称他们的方法是最“正宗”的。


Vocabulary



crayfish: n. 小龙虾

en masse: adv. 全体地;一同地

crustacean: n. 甲壳纲动物

condiment: n. 佐料

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  • 来源:外教社 2018-07-18