练习| VOA慢速:数万名洛杉矶教师罢工

练习| VOA慢速:数万名洛杉矶教师罢工

5.5分钟 265 113wpm

名洛杉矶教师罢工

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VOA慢速:数名洛杉矶教师罢工

燕山大学 刘立军 编写

 

u TRANSCRIPT

 

Tens of thousands of teachers went on strike Monday in Los Angeles, California.

The teachers acted after contract negotiations failed.

"Students, we are striking for you," said teachers union President Alex Caputo-Pearl. He spoke to a cheering crowd of teachers marching in the rain.

Los Angeles is the second-largest school district in the United States.

Members of United Teachers Los Angeles voted last year to call a strike if the union and school district failed to reach an agreement. The teachers want higher wages and smaller class sizes.

Months of negotiations between the two sides ended without a deal. It follows teacher strikes in other states.

Substitutes working for striking teachers

The union has 35,000 members. Schools are open in the Los Angeles Unified School District, which serves 640,000 students.

The school district has hired hundreds of substitute teachers to work during the strike. The union calls that irresponsible and has called on parents to consider keeping students home or join marchers.

The district argues that the union's demands could lead to financial ruin. The school system says it expects a $500-million deficit this budget year. Billions of dollars are required for payments and health care for retired teachers.

Negotiations were suspended in December, and re-started this month, but little progress was evident in the contract dispute. The union rejected a district offer Friday. It proposed to add almost 1,200 teachers, guidance professionals, health care workers and librarians and reduce class size by two students.

The offer also included a proposed six percent pay raise over the first two years of a three-year contract. The teachers’ union wanted a 6.5 percent increase at the start of a two-year deal. The union also wants considerably smaller classes, now often filled by more than 30 students. The union is demanding more nurses, librarians and counselors to "fully staff" schools.

The 'Red4Ed' movement

Teachers are hoping to build on the "Red4Ed" movement that began last year in West Virginia and moved to five other states. It spread from conservative states with "right to work" laws, which limit the ability to strike, to the more liberal West Coast, with strong unions.

Such actions energized Los Angeles teachers, Caputo-Pearl said before the strike.

The labor union argues that the school district has $1.8 billion that could be used to finance the pay and staffing increases. The district said that money is meant for retiree benefits and other costs.

School district Superintendent Austin Beutner asked Friday for California Governor Gavin Newsom to get involved to try to avoid a strike.

The union says Beutner, an investment banker and former Los Angeles deputy mayor, and school board members are trying to privatize the district.

The union says Beutner and the school board support calls for school closures. It says they are turning public schools into charter schools. Charters are privately operated public schools that compete for students and financial support.

Beutner has said his plan to reorganize the school district would improve services to students and families. He and his supporters on the board want to create an education system with public and charter schools under the same leadership.

I’m Caty Weaver.

Adapted from www.tingclass.net

 

u VOCABULARY

 

1. substitute n. substitute (for sb./sth.) a person or thing that you use or have instead of the one you normally use or have 代替者;代替物;代用品。例如:

l a meat substitute肉食替代品

l Paul's father only saw him as a substitute for his dead brother. 保罗的父亲只是把他当作他死去的哥哥来看待。

l a substitute family收养家庭

l The course teaches you the theory but there's no substitute for practical experience. 这门课教的是理论,但没有任何东西能代替实践经验。

l The local bus service was a poor substitute for their car. 他们坐当地的公交车,这比坐自己的汽车可差远了。

2. staff n. all the workers employed in an organization considered as a group 全体职工(或雇员)。例如:

l (British English) teaching staff 全体教师

l (British English) We have 20 part-time members of staff. 我们有20名兼职员工。

l (North Amercian English) staff members职工

l staff development/training员工培养 / 培训

l a staff restaurant/meeting 职工食堂 / 大会

l (especially British English) a lawyer on the staff of the Worldwide Fund for Nature供职于世界自然基金会的律师

3. privatize v. (British English also -ise) to sell a business or an industry so that it is no longer owned by the government 使私有化;将私营化

 

u QUESTIONS

 

Read the passage. Then listen to the news and fill in the blanks with the information (words, phrases or sentences) you hear.

 

Tens of thousands of teachers went on strike Monday in Los Angeles, California.

The teachers acted after ___________________________ failed.

"Students, we are striking for you," said teachers union President Alex Caputo-Pearl. He spoke to a cheering crowd of teachers marching in the rain.

Los Angeles is the second-largest school district in the United States.

Members of United Teachers Los Angeles voted last year to _________________ if the union and school district failed to reach an agreement. The teachers want _____________________.

Months of negotiations between the two sides ended ________________________. It follows teacher strikes in other states.

Substitutes working for striking teachers

The union has 35,000 members. Schools are open in the Los Angeles Unified School District, which serves 640,000 students.

The school district has hired hundreds of substitute teachers to work during the strike. The union calls that _______________________ and has called on parents to consider keeping students home or join marchers.

The district argues that the union's demands could lead to __________________ ruin. The school system says it expects a $500-million deficit this budget year. Billions of dollars are required for payments and health care for ____________________________.

Negotiations were suspended in December, and re-started this month, but little progress was evident in the contract dispute. The union rejected a district offer Friday. It proposed to add almost 1,200 teachers, ______________________________________, health care workers and librarians and reduce class size by two students.

The offer also included a proposed _____________________ pay raise over the first two years of a three-year contract. The teachers’ union wanted a 6.5 percent increase at the start of a two-year deal. The union also wants considerably smaller classes, now often filled by more than 30 students. The union is demanding more nurses, librarians and counselors to "fully staff" schools.

The 'Red4Ed' movement

Teachers are hoping to build on the "Red4Ed" movement that began last year in West Virginia and moved to five other states. It spread from conservative states with "right to work" laws, which limit the ability to strike, to the more liberal West Coast, with strong unions.

Such actions energized Los Angeles teachers, Caputo-Pearl said before the strike.

The labor union argues that the school district has $1.8 billion that could be used to finance the pay and staffing increases. The district said that money is meant for __________________ and other costs.

School district Superintendent Austin Beutner asked Friday for California Governor Gavin Newsom to get involved to try to __________________________.

The union says Beutner, an investment banker and former Los Angeles deputy mayor, and school board members are trying to privatize the district.

The union says Beutner and the school board support calls for ___________________. It says they are turning ____________________________ into charter schools. Charters are privately operated public schools that compete for students and financial support.

Beutner has said his plan to reorganize the school district would improve services to students and ________________________. He and his supporters on the board want to create an __________________________________ with public and charter schools under the same leadership.

I’m Caty Weaver.

 

u KEY

 

Read the passage. Then listen to the news and fill in the blanks with the information (words, phrases or sentences) you hear.

 

Tens of thousands of teachers went on strike Monday in Los Angeles, California.

The teachers acted after contract negotiations failed.

"Students, we are striking for you," said teachers union President Alex Caputo-Pearl. He spoke to a cheering crowd of teachers marching in the rain.

Los Angeles is the second-largest school district in the United States.

Members of United Teachers Los Angeles voted last year to call a strike if the union and school district failed to reach an agreement. The teachers want higher wages and smaller class sizes.

Months of negotiations between the two sides ended without a deal. It follows teacher strikes in other states.

Substitutes working for striking teachers

The union has 35,000 members. Schools are open in the Los Angeles Unified School District, which serves 640,000 students.

The school district has hired hundreds of substitute teachers to work during the strike. The union calls that irresponsible and has called on parents to consider keeping students home or join marchers.

The district argues that the union's demands could lead to financial ruin. The school system says it expects a $500-million deficit this budget year. Billions of dollars are required for payments and health care for retired teachers.

Negotiations were suspended in December, and re-started this month, but little progress was evident in the contract dispute. The union rejected a district offer Friday. It proposed to add almost 1,200 teachers, guidance professionals, health care workers and librarians and reduce class size by two students.

The offer also included a proposed six percent pay raise over the first two years of a three-year contract. The teachers’ union wanted a 6.5 percent increase at the start of a two-year deal. The union also wants considerably smaller classes, now often filled by more than 30 students. The union is demanding more nurses, librarians and counselors to "fully staff" schools.

The 'Red4Ed' movement

Teachers are hoping to build on the "Red4Ed" movement that began last year in West Virginia and moved to five other states. It spread from conservative states with "right to work" laws, which limit the ability to strike, to the more liberal West Coast, with strong unions.

Such actions energized Los Angeles teachers, Caputo-Pearl said before the strike.

The labor union argues that the school district has $1.8 billion that could be used to finance the pay and staffing increases. The district said that money is meant for retiree benefits and other costs.

School district Superintendent Austin Beutner asked Friday for California Governor Gavin Newsom to get involved to try to avoid a strike.

The union says Beutner, an investment banker and former Los Angeles deputy mayor, and school board members are trying to privatize the district.

The union says Beutner and the school board support calls for school closures. It says they are turning public schools into charter schools. Charters are privately operated public schools that compete for students and financial support.

Beutner has said his plan to reorganize the school district would improve services to students and families. He and his supporters on the board want to create an education system with public and charter schools under the same leadership.

I’m Caty Weaver.


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  • 时长:5.5分钟
  • 语速:113wpm
  • 来源:刘立军 2019-03-07