练习 | CCTV9: Air Pollution Will Peak from Monday to Wednesday

练习 | CCTV9: Air Pollution Will Peak from Monday to Wednesday

0.8分钟 688 152wpm

空气污染周一至周三将达高峰

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Air pollution will peak from Monday to Wednesday
空气污染周一至周三将达高峰

燕山大学 刘立军 编译

TRANSCRIPT

Pollution in many Chinese cities will peak from Monday to Wednesday, and the PM-2.5 in the air will reach a density of 500 micrograms per cubic meter.

The smog has affected about one ninth of China's total land area. The Central Meteorological Observatory warns that Beijing, Tianjin, Hebei, Shanxi, and Shaanxi will experience severe haze. Vehicle use restrictions, construction site closures, measures to reduce factory emissions, and class cancellations at kindergartens and primary schools have been announced.

China's Ministry of Environmental Protection has dispatched 13 inspection teams to six provinces and municipalities to supervise the implementation of contingency plans. The teams will monitor the effectiveness of the various contingency measures.



VOCABULARY

1. haze n. 
① (N-VAR) (阴)霾;雾霭 Haze is light mist, caused by particles of water or dust in the air, which prevents you from seeing distant objects clearly. Haze often forms in hot weather. 例如:
· They vanished into the haze near the horizon. 他们消失在天边的雾霭中。
· The sun smouldered through a thin summer haze. 太阳透过夏日的薄雾散发着苍白无力的光。
② (N-SING) 雾状物 If there is a haze of something, such as smoke or steam, you cannot see clearly through it. 例如:
· Dan smiled at him through a haze of smoke and steaming coffee. 丹透过烟雾和咖啡的热气朝他笑了笑。
· A thick haze of acrid smoke hung in the air. 空气中弥漫着刺鼻的浓烟。
③ (N-SING) 迷糊;懵懂 If someone is in a haze, they are not thinking clearly or not really noticing what is happening around them. 例如:
· His mind was a haze of fear and confusion. 由于害怕和困惑,他当时处于一种混沌状态。
· ...asking people to recollect a vanished past through a nostalgic haze. 让大家根据对过去的模糊印象忆起逝去的往昔。

2. dispatch v. 派遣;调遣 If you dispatch someone to a place, you send them there for a particular reason. 例句:
· He dispatched scouts ahead. 他派侦察兵打头阵。
· The Italian government was preparing to dispatch 4,000 soldiers to search the island. 意大利政府正准备派遣 4,000 名士兵搜索该岛。

3. supervise v. 指导;监督 If you supervise an activity or a person, you make sure that the activity is done correctly or that the person is doing a task or behaving correctly. 例句:
· University teachers have refused to supervise students' examinations. 大学教师拒绝监考。
· He supervised and trained more than 400 volunteers. 他指导和培训了 400 多名志愿者。

4. contingency adj. (计划或措施)未雨绸缪的,应急的 A contingency plan or measure is one that is intended to be used if a possible situation actually occurs. 例如:
· We have contingency plans. 我们有应急方案。

QUESTIONS

TASK 1: Decide the following statements TRUE or FALSE.

1. The PM-2.5 in the air of many Chinese cities will reach a density of 600 micrograms per cubic meter from Monday to Wednesday.
2. The smog in China has affected about one tenth of China's total land area. 
3. The Central Meteorological Observatory warns that Beijing, Tianjin, Hebei, Shanxi, Henan, and Shaanxi will experience severe haze. 
4. Vehicle use restrictions, construction site closures, measures to reduce factory emissions, and class cancellations at kindergartens, primary and secondary schools have been announced.
5. China's Ministry of Environmental Protection has dispatched 30 inspection teams to six provinces and municipalities to supervise the implementation of contingency plans.
 
TASK 2: Translate the following sentences into CHINESE.

The smog has affected about one ninth of China's total land area. The Central Meteorological Observatory warns that Beijing, Tianjin, Hebei, Shanxi, and Shaanxi will experience severe haze. Vehicle use restrictions, construction site closures, measures to reduce factory emissions, and class cancellations at kindergartens and primary schools have been announced.

KEY

TASK 1

QUESTION

KEY

CORRECTION

1

FALSE

The PM-2.5 in the air of many Chinese cities will reach a density of 600 micrograms per cubic meter from Monday to Wednesday.

(600改为500)

2

FALSE

The smog in China has affected about one tenth of China's total land area.

tenth改为ninth

3

FALSE

The Central Meteorological Observatory warns that Beijing, Tianjin, Hebei, Shanxi, Henan, and Shaanxi will experience severe haze.

(文中没有提及河南省, 删掉Henan

4

FALSE

Vehicle use restrictions, construction site closures, measures to reduce factory emissions, and class cancellations at kindergartens, primary and secondary schools have been announced.

(文中没有提及secondary school,删掉and secondary

5

FALSE

China's Ministry of Environmental Protection has dispatched 30 inspection teams to six provinces and municipalities to supervise the implementation of contingency plans.

(文中说的是13个,不是30个,30改为13。)


TASK 2
参考译文:

雾霾大约已影响了中国九分之一的陆地面积。中央气象台发布警告:北京、天津、河北、山西和陕西将遭遇严重雾霾天气。政府已宣布紧急预案措施:限制车辆使用,封闭施工现场,采取措施减少工厂排放,幼儿园和小学做停课安排。

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  • 时长:0.8分钟
  • 语速:152wpm
  • 来源:刘立军 2016-12-27