练习 | Refugee Crisis

练习 | Refugee Crisis

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难民危机

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Refugee crisis

难民危机

来源:刘立军


TRANSCRIPT

 

Hello, I am Jerry Smith with the BBC News.

 

The United Nations Refugee Agency says the number of people displaced by conflict has reached the highest level ever recorded. Releasing its annual reports on forced displacement, the UN says that by the end of last year more than 65 million people worldwide were refugees, asylum seekers or internally displaced. Imogen Foulkes reports from Geneva. War and persecution caused a sharp rise in the number of people forced to flee their homes last year, bringing the global total UN figures show to over 65 million. Over a half of all refugees come from Syria, Afghanistan and Somalia. Meanwhile Germany received the most asylum requests. The UN says governments must show unity in the face of such a vast crisis not just for the sake of refugees but in the collective human interest.

 

Adapted from 难民危机

 

VOCABULARY

 

1.  displace v. 流离失所

2.  asylum n. protection that a government gives to people who have left their own country, usually because they were in danger for political reasons (政治)庇护,避难。例句:Many of the asylum seekers also said they were forced to leave because of crop losses due to drought. 许多寻求庇护的人称他们因为干旱造成农作物减产不得不离开。

3.  internally adj. 内部的,国内的

4.  persecution n. the victims of religious persecution 宗教迫害的受难者

 

QUESTIONS

 

Question 1: What is the news mainly about?

A.  The number of refugees by conflict has reached the highest level ever recorded.

B.  The number of refugees by war has reached the highest level ever recorded.

C.  The number of refugees by persecution has reached the highest level ever recorded.

D.  The number of refugees by war and persecution has reached the highest level ever recorded.

 

Question 2: Which of the following statements is FALSE?

A.  An increasing number of people were forced to flee their homes last year because of war and persecution.

B.  More than 75% of all refugees come from Syria, Afghanistan and Somalia.

C.  Germany received the most asylum requests.

D.  The UN calls for governments to work together to solve the problem of such a vast crisis.

 

Question 3: What is the UN's attitude towards the vast refugee crisis?

A.  Indifferent.

B.  Neutral.

C.  Positive.

D.  Negative.

 

SUGGESTED ANSWERS

 

1. A 主旨题。该新闻的开头,即新闻的导语提到:The United Nations Refugee Agency says the number of people displaced by conflict has reached the highest level ever recorded. 由此句可判断选项A是该句的同义改写,故选A。

2. B 推断题。本题针对新闻主体部分命题,四个选项分别根据以下四句进行的同义改写:War and persecution caused a sharp rise in the number of people forced to flee their homes last year, bringing the global total UN figures show to over 65 million. Over a half of all refugees come from Syria, Afghanistan and Somalia. Meanwhile Germany received the most asylum requests. The UN says governments must show unity in the face of such a vast crisis not just for the sake of refugees but in the collective human interest. 其中,B选项错在数据75%,题目问的是哪一个叙述是错误的,故此,本题的正确选项应为B。

3. C 观点态度题。本题根据新闻的最后一句命题:The UN says governments must show unity in the face of such a vast crisis not just for the sake of refugees but in the collective human interest. 据此判断,针对难民危机问题,联合国的态度是积极的——积极想办法解决难民危机问题,即号召各国政府共同努力解决问题,所以答案为C。

 


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  • 时长:1.0分钟
  • 语速:0wpm
  • 来源:刘立军 2016-07-14