让“少年的你”远离霸凌伤害

郭逸纯 供稿Last month, a long-awaited Chinese youth drama Better Days hit cinemas across China. The film tells a story about how the two teenagers Nian and Bei’s fates were changed by a school bullying incident. Nian, a high school student single-mindedly preparing for the college entrance examination, fell victim to brutal school bullying and has since then got into big trouble. Fate brought her together with a punk Bei who promised to protect her. But unfortunately, the two were then embroiled in a murder investigation which drastically changed their life.十月,一部令人期待已久的青春片《少年的你》在中国各大影院火热上映。影片讲述了陈念和小北两位少年因一起校园暴力事件而发生命运转变的故事。陈念是一名高中生,原本一心一意备战高考的她,却不幸遭受恶劣的校园霸凌,陷入种种困境。就在这时,她偶然遇见了一位名叫小北的小混混,小北答应暗中保护她免受欺凌,但没想到,两位少年接着又卷入一件谋杀案中,两人的人生轨迹从此彻底改变。This film has not only won a huge box office success since its debut, but also brought the issue of school bullying to the public’s attention. School violence and bullying are major problems worldwide. According to a report published by UNESCO earlier this year, almost one in three students has been bullied by their peers at school at least once in the past month before the release of the report.该片一经上映便创造了票房佳绩,同时,影片也引发了公众对校园霸凌的关注。校园暴力和校园霸凌在世界范围内都屡见不鲜。联合国教科文组织2019年发布的一份报告显示,就在该报告发布前的一个月内,就有近三分之一的学生至少遭受过一次校园霸凌。Violence and bullying can leave a lasting scar on the victims and have a profound negative impact on their daily life, mental health and academic performance. Students who are frequently bullied may feel it difficult to trust in people around them and build friendly relationships with others. As a result, they are more likely to feel like an outsider at school and thus become isolated and depressed. Haunted by the bullying experience, students may suffer nightmares and be distracted in class. In worse case scenarios, they may play truant, drop out of school or even contemplate suicide. According to a study, many victims still live under the shadow of bullying in their childhood after they grow up. The study suggests that the victims of bullying who are described as “low in self-esteem and unpopular with peers” are more likely to smoke regularly, suffer from alcohol or drug abuse, or develop a psychiatric disorder after growing into adults.暴力和霸凌往往给受害者的心灵留下难以愈合的创伤,严重影响着他们的日常生活、心理健康和学业表现。频遭霸凌的学生往往难以信任他人,结交朋友,这让他们越发觉得自己在学校里格格不入,从而渐渐地变得性格孤僻、郁郁寡欢。身受欺凌的不幸遭遇萦绕在这些受害学生的心头,可能导致他们深陷梦魇,在课堂上分心走神。更糟糕的是,他们还可能选择逃课、辍学甚至企图自杀。一项研究表明,很多儿时遭受校园霸凌的受害者长大后仍未走出这段阴影,这些在人们看来自卑而不受欢迎的受害者在长大成人后,往往更容易养成抽烟、酗酒和吸毒的习惯,甚至可能身患精神疾病。To protect juveniles from school violence and bullying, parents, schools and governments should make joint efforts. Many young bullies are unaware of the devastating consequences of their manipulative and aggressive behaviors because their parents and teachers fail to discipline them and teach them to distinguish between right and wrong. At the same time, some bullies may be victims of certain emotional problems themselves because of their violent or neglectful parents. Therefore, parents and teachers should shoulder responsibility to teach children moral values and empathy as their role models and pay more attention to children’s psychological well-being. Besides, legislation should be in place to safeguard children’s rights and prevent juvenile delinquency. On October 26, a revised draft law on the protection of minors required schools to establish effective mechanisms to prevent school bullying and listed some specific measures to deal with this problem.家长、学校和政府应当协力保护青少年免受暴力和校园霸凌毒害。很多校园“小恶霸”并不知道他们盛气凌人、肆意摆布他人的行为会造成怎样严峻的后果,这是因为家长和老师对他们缺乏管教,没有教导他们学会辨别是非。另外,一些“小恶霸”或许自身也是受害者,他们在父母长期的家庭暴力或疏于关心中也遭受着某些情感问题。因此,家长和老师应当担起责任,言传身教,培养孩子形成良好的道德观和同理心,并且更多地关注孩子的心理健康。另外,国家应完善相关法律保护未成年人的合法权益,防止青少年犯罪。10月26日,一部关于保护未成年人的法律修订草案引发社会关注,修订草案中要求学校建立霸凌预防制度,并提出了解决校园霸凌问题的具体措施。No child is born to be a vicious bully and no child should be left under the shadow of violence. With the intervention of families, schools and governments, we are sure to put an end to school violence and bullying and promise every child a better day.没有哪个孩子生来就是凶狠的“小恶霸”,也没有哪个孩子理应生活在暴力的阴影之下。相信在家庭、学校和政府的共同努力下,“少年的你”终将远离校园霸凌,从而拥抱更美好的明天。VOCABULARYsingle-minded adj. 一心一意的,专心致志的embroil v. 使卷入,使陷入 (embroil sb. in sth.)manipulative adj. 摆布他人的juvenile delinquency 青少年犯罪minor n. 未成年人

NASA宇航服焕新升级

After 50 years since humans first set foot on the Moon during the Apollo program, NASA is now working on the Artemis program which aims to land the first woman and the next man on the lunar surface by 2024. This program is named after another god of Greek mythology, Artemis, who is both the twin sister of Apollo and the goddess of the Moon.在人类首次登月50年后的今天,美国国家航空航天局(NASA)着手开启“阿尔忒弥斯计划”,预计在2024年前将首位女性登月宇航员和一位男性宇航员送上月球。这一计划以希腊神话中的女神阿尔忒弥斯命名,阿尔忒弥斯是阿波罗的孪生姐姐,也是一位月亮女神。To make full preparation for this long-awaited return to the Moon, NASA unveiled two new spacesuits in October. The next-generation spacesuits upgrading the classic ones worn by astronauts during the Apollo program in the 1960s and 1970s give astronauts more comfort and mobility on the Moon. Here are some highlights of the new spacesuits.为了给这次期待已久的重返月球计划做好充分准备,NASA在十月份公布了两款新型宇航服。新一代宇航服对20世纪六七十年代“阿波罗计划” 所使用的的经典款宇航服进行了升级,更加舒适、灵活。下面一起来看看本次公布的新款宇航服有哪些亮点吧!Improve Mobility灵活性提升During the Apollo program, astronauts had to bunny hop on the surface of the Moon and could easily stumble due to the limited mobility of their suits, which led to low efficiency and could cause unimaginable danger. The new suits with advanced materials and flexible bearings allow for a greater range of movement at the waist, arms and legs. Astronauts will be able to reach across their body, perform squats and even bend down to pick up a rock and then lift it overhead. Now humans are really going to be able to walk rather than jump on the surface of the Moon.由于宇航服设计不够灵活,“阿波罗计划”时代的宇航员不得不在月球表面以“兔子跳”的方式行进,很容易不慎跌倒,这不仅影响了他们的工作效率,还可能带来意想不到的危险。新款宇航服采用先进的材料和灵活的轴承,让宇航员的腰部、双臂和双腿都能做出更大幅度的动作,他们可以触摸到自己身体各个部位,还可以下蹲,甚至可以弯腰捡起一块石头,再将它举过头顶。如今,人类终于可以真正在月球上漫步,而不是蹦蹦跳跳了。Dust-tolerant design防尘设计On the Moon, astronauts have to contend with various environmental challenges. One of the biggest concerns is lunar dust. Engineers working for Moon landing missions worried that the powdery lunar dust wouldn't be stable enough to support the lunar lander or even astronauts walking on it. But after Apollo missions, they realized that there is a greater hazard which might be caused by the dust. The dust on the Moon composed of tiny glass-like shards can stick to surfaces of the spacesuits and even work its way into every nook and cranny. Once it infiltrates the suits’ life support systems, the astronauts’ health and safety can be seriously threatened. To keep the dust out, the new spacesuits are designed to have fewer seams and no zippers. Besides, the flexible parts of the suits are made from as many as 16 layers of advanced material which perform different functions including protecting astronauts from space dust.登月宇航员往往需要面对月球上各种各样的环境挑战,最令人担忧的问题之一就来自于月尘。登月计划的工程师曾担心月球表面粉末状的尘土难以支撑着陆器和出舱行走的宇航员。但“阿波罗计划”之后他们才意识到,除此之外,月尘还隐藏着更大威胁。月球表面的尘土包含极其细小的玻璃状碎屑,很容易附着到宇航服表面,甚至穿透宇航服的各个边边角角。一旦月尘侵入宇航服的生命支持系统,则将严重威胁宇航员的健康和安全。为达到防尘效果,新款宇航服减少缝合处,并避免采用拉链。另外,宇航服的可活动部分采用了多达16层的先进材料,每层材料发挥着不同作用,其中一大作用就是保护宇航员免受太空尘埃的威胁。Upgraded communications system通信系统升级Astronauts no longer have to wear the so-called “Snoopy caps” which are given the name because they look like the aviator cap worn by the cartoon character. These communications caps, though having a cute name, can become sweaty and uncomfortable and their microphones do not always track well with the astronauts’ movements. The upgraded communications system includes multiple, embedded, voice-activated microphones that automatically pick up the astronauts’ voices when they speak, enabling them to communicate more efficiently with other crew members and mission control.宇航员再也不用戴“史努比帽”了。曾经宇航员的通信帽外形酷似卡通形象史努比戴的飞行员头盔,因此被称为“史努比帽”。这种通信帽虽然名字颇为可爱,但很容易捂汗,舒适性较差,并且麦克风经常无法跟随宇航员的肢体运动收声。升级版的通信系统内置多个嵌入式声控麦克风,可以在宇航员讲话时自动捕捉他们的声音,让他们能够更加高效地与其他宇航员以及地面指挥中心保持联络。More sizes and better customization尺寸更丰富,实现定制化Earlier this year, NASA had to cancel the first all-female spacewalk because the agency didn’t have enough medium-sized suits to fit both of the women aboard the International Space Station. Now, the new suits are designed to give the wearer a customized fit whatever their size. Besides, each astronaut will have a full body, 3D scan while wearing the suit and performing basic motions and postures expected during spacewalks. That can help NASA match the astronaut to the best suit components to ensure that they are given the greatest comfort and the broadest range of motion.今年, NASA不得已取消了国际空间站首次全女性太空行走计划,部分原因就在于无法提供两套女性宇航员合身的中号宇航服。本次全新推出的新一代宇航服则可以为不同身材的宇航员量身定制。另外,每位宇航员还将身着宇航服接受一项全身3D扫描,在接受扫描的过程中,他们需要做出太空行走时可能会做的动作和姿势,这样一来,NASA便可以为每位宇航员定制最适合他们的宇航服组件,最大程度地确保他们身穿宇航服时感到舒适,并且能够做出更多动作。What do you think of NASA’s new spacesuits? Do you have any idea of other innovative features that can be added to the future-generation spacesuits?NASA的新一代宇航服怎么样?你认为未来的宇航服还可以增加哪些创新之处呢?VOCABULARYbearing n. 轴承contend with (a problem/difficulty)处理,应对shard n. 碎片every nook and cranny 每个角落infiltrate v. 渗入;潜入

“影响者”的影响力

During the recent Singles’ Day shopping frenzy, Li Jiaqi has again proved his influences as an online celebrity, attracting millions of viewers to his live broadcast on the e-commerce platform Taobao. Dubbed “iron-lipped man”, this male beauty blogger in his 20s once tested over 300 types of lipstick on his lips in a seven-hour live video streaming. His effort and competence earned trust from his audience and makeup brands. It took him less than a year to increase his bank balance to over 10 million yuan.在不久前的“双十一”购物热潮中,网络红人李佳琦在电子商务平台淘宝上的直播吸引了几百万人观看,再次证明了自己的影响力。这位九零后男性美妆博主曾在一次七小时的直播中给300多只口红试色,由此被称为“铁唇哥”。他的敬业与能力赢得了许多观众与美妆品牌的信任,不到一年时间,他的收入已经超过千万人民币。The success of this online celebrity demonstrated the significant impact of a group of people: influencers. An influencer, in this specialized use, refers to a person with the ability to reach a huge audience and persuade others to act based on their recommendations. Not from the entertainment inidustries like traditional celebrities, an influencer may be anyone from a blogger to a celebrity to an an online entrepreneur.这位网络红人的成功显示出“影响者”这个群体不容小觑的影响力。“影响者”在此特指能够接触到大量受众,并且有能力说服他人采纳他们的建议行事的人。与出身于娱乐圈的传统名人不同,“影响者”的身份多样,可能是博主、名人或网络创业者。Most influencers make a living on social meidia. Based on their established credibility in a specific industry, influencers monetize their influences by sharing sponsored social media posts, becoming a brand ambassador and starting their own business.这些“影响者”中的大部分都在社交媒体上谋生。他们依靠自身在特定行业建立的信誉,通过发布广告贴、品牌代言或自主创业等方式将影响力变现。In fact, influencers have a long history in marketing. Initially, companies signed endorsement deals with compelling figures like TV stars and athletes to help sell their products through television and radio ads. The rise of social media has created a new class of celebrity and some of them have seized the opportunities to translate their massive followings into millions of yuan each year. However, if you take a look behind the scene of the wonderful influencer lifestyle, uncertain incomes, performative vulnerability and the hustle for sponsorship can take a toll. Some influencers have quit their social media platforms due to the rise in competition and psychological strain.事实上,“影响者”的营销由来已久。起初企业会请电视明星、运动员等大众信赖的名人来为产品代言,通过电视、广播等渠道进行广告宣传。而社交媒体的兴起创造出一类新的名人,他们当中一些人抓住机遇,将可观的粉丝数转化为每年上百万的收入。然而,他们光鲜的生活背后也不乏隐患,如收入不稳、表现不佳、缺乏赞助等都会给其带来负面影响。因为竞争加剧和心理压力,一些“影响者”最终选择离开社交媒体平台。“In the business world, influencer culture is already an established force,” according to Kevin Roose, a writer for The New York Times. As influenncer marketing moves forward, the key to success will still be a greater sense of trust and credibility between brands and consumers.《纽约时报》专栏作家凯文•罗斯称,“在商业世界,影响者文化已经成为公认的发展推动力”。随着“影响者”营销的进一步发展,成功的关键仍在于培养品牌与消费者之间更牢固的信任感和可信度。VOCABULARYdemonstrate v. 展示entrepreneur n. 创业者endorsement n. 广告宣传take a toll (on) 产生恶果

练习 | VOA慢速:美国大学称中国留学生人数骤减

VOA慢速:美国大学称中国留学生人数骤减燕山大学 刘立军 编写 TRANSCRIPTFor the past 10 years, the number of Chinese students at U.S. universities has been rising. But university officials are starting to see a sharp drop in Chinese students.Several universities have reported drops of 20 percent or more this autumn at the start of a new school term.To get more international students, some schools are advertising in other countries and working to keep the number of Chinese students they have.U.S. colleges and universities need the money paid by students from China and other countries. International students usually pay the whole tuition amount, unlike American students, many of whom ask for financial aid.University officials and observers say there are several reasons for the falling numbers of Chinese students. They include trade conflicts and political tensions between China and the United States. There also is increasing competition for college students, visa issues and the growth of China's higher education system.At Bentley University in Massachusetts, the number of new Chinese students arriving for graduate level work dropped from 110 last autumn to 70. As a result, Bentley officials are wondering whether all of its graduate programs can survive."I wouldn't describe it as catastrophically bad," said the university's president, Alison Davis-Blake. She added that the university has tried to get more students from other countries as well as from inside the United States.Large decreases in Chinese students also have been reported this autumn at the University of Vermont, which reported a 23 percent decrease. The University of Nebraska-Lincoln had a 20 percent decrease.China sends more students to study in the United States than any other country. Its 363,000 students represent more than 30 percent of all international students at U.S. universities.Parents and students in China share concerns with those in other countries about American gun violence as well as immigration issues. In May, the group NAFSA: Association of International Educators identified two main reasons for falling numbers of international students who want to study in the United States: the difficulty of getting a visa, and the social and political environment in the United States.But there are also problems that affect only Chinese students. The Trump administration has accused China of stealing U.S. intellectual property. It is looking very closely at Chinese students who ask for visas to study robotics, flight and high-tech manufacturing.In June, China warned students and other visitors to the United States about possible difficulties in getting U.S. visas.Xiong Xiong is an electrical engineering student at Beijing Jiaotong University. He said he hopes to study at a U.S. university. But he is worried about the visa process, so he plans to ask to study in Britain. "I'm concerned my visa will be affected," he said.Brad Farnsworth is vice president for international global engagement at the American Council on Education. He said that his recent travels in China suggest the claims of economic espionage are making some students think they are not welcome."The concern is a Chinese student will be met with animosity about why they are in the United States," he said.International students add an estimated $39 billion to the U.S. economy.Normally, over 5,000 Chinese students are in the colleges of engineering and business at the University of Illinois. The university recently took an insurance policy that will pay it $60 million if the money from Chinese students drops by 20 percent.Lehigh University in Pennsylvania announced this month it has agreed to pay a recruiter to help bring in more students from India. It also has been taking more interest in African countries south of the Sahara Desert, said Lehigh's Cheryl Matherly.Like many other American universities, Lehigh has begun sending employees to Beijing and Shanghai to meet with Chinese students and their parents. The employees want to ease Chinese fears about studying in the U.S. and show that their university wants Chinese students.I'm Jonathan Evans.Adapted from http://www.kekenet.com/broadcast/201909/595669.shtml VOCABULARY1. catastrophe n. a sudden event that causes many people to suffer 灾难;灾祸;横祸。例如:Early warnings of rising water levels prevented another major catastrophe. 提前发出的洪水水位上涨警报防止了又一次的重大灾害。2. espionage n. (不可数名词) the activity of secretly getting important political or military information about another country or of finding out another company's secrets by using spies 间谍活动;谍报活动;刺探活动。例如: Some of the commercial activities were a cover for espionage. 有些商业活动是为间谍活动提供掩护。 She may call it research; I call it industrial espionage. 她可以称之为研究,可我称它为产业情报刺探。3. animosity n. animosity (toward(s) sb./sth.) | animosity (between A and B) a strong feeling of opposition, anger or hatred 仇恨;愤怒;敌意;憎恶。例如: He felt no animosity towards his critics. 他对批评他的人并不心怀怨恨。 personal animosities between members of the two groups两个集团成员之间的私仇 QUESTIONSTASK IListen to the news and answer the following questions.(Q1) According to the University officials and observers, what are the reasons for the falling numbers of Chinese students?(Q2) Who are wondering whether all of its graduate programs can survive?(Q3) What do the parents and students in China and other countries worry about?TASK IIRead the passage. Then listen to the news and fill in the blanks with the information (words, phrases or sentences) you hear.For the past 10 years, the number of Chinese students at U.S. universities has been rising. But university officials are starting to see (Q1) __________________ in Chinese students.Several universities have reported drops of (Q2) ___________________ this autumn at the start of a new school term.To (Q3) ______________________________________, some schools are advertising in other countries and working to keep the number of Chinese students they have.U.S. colleges and universities need the money paid by students from China and other countries. International students usually pay (Q4) ______________________, unlike American students, many of whom ask for (Q5) ______________________.University officials and observers say there are several reasons for the falling numbers of Chinese students. They include (Q6) _______________________ between China and the United States. There also is (Q7) ______________________ for college students, (Q8) _________________ and the growth of China's higher education system.At Bentley University in Massachusetts, the number of new Chinese students arriving for graduate level work dropped from 110 last autumn to 70. As a result, Bentley officials are wondering whether all of its (Q9) _________________________ can survive."I wouldn't describe it as catastrophically bad," said the university's president, Alison Davis-Blake. She added that the university has tried to (Q10) _________________________________ from other countries as well as from inside the United States.Large decreases in Chinese students also have been reported this autumn at the University of Vermont, which reported a 23 percent decrease. The University of Nebraska-Lincoln had a 20 percent decrease.China sends more students to study in the United States than any other country. Its 363,000 students represent more than (Q11) ________________ of all international students at U.S. universities.Parents and students in China share concerns with those in other countries about (Q12) __________________ as well as (Q13) __________________________. In May, the group NAFSA: Association of International Educators identified two main reasons for falling numbers of international students who want to study in the United States: the difficulty of (Q14) _____________, and the (Q15) ________________________________________ in the United States.But there are also problems that affect only Chinese students. The Trump administration has accused China of stealing U.S. (Q16) ______________________________. It is looking very closely at Chinese students who ask for visas to study robotics, flight and high-tech manufacturing.In June, China warned students and other visitors to the United States about possible difficulties in (Q17) _____________________________.Xiong Xiong is an electrical engineering student at Beijing Jiaotong University. He said he hopes to study at a U.S. university. But he is worried about the visa process, so he plans to ask to study in Britain. "I'm concerned my visa will be affected," he said.Brad Farnsworth is vice president for international global engagement at the American Council on Education. He said that his recent travels in China suggest the claims of economic espionage are making some students think they are not welcome."The concern is a Chinese student will be met with animosity about why they are in the United States," he said.International students add an estimated $39 billion to the U.S. economy.Normally, over 5,000 Chinese students are in the colleges of (Q18) __________________________ at the University of Illinois. The university recently took an insurance policy that will pay it $60 million if the money from Chinese students drops by 20 percent.Lehigh University in Pennsylvania announced this month it has agreed to pay a (Q19) ___________ to help bring in more students from India. It also has been taking more interest in African countries south of the Sahara Desert, said Lehigh's Cheryl Matherly.Like many other American universities, Lehigh has begun sending employees to Beijing and Shanghai to meet with Chinese students and their parents. The employees want to (Q20) __________________________________ about studying in the U.S. and show that their university wants Chinese students.I'm Jonathan Evans. KEYTASK IListen to the news and answer the following questions.(Q1) They include trade conflicts and political tensions between China and the United States. Therealso is increasing competition for college students, visa issues and the growth of China's highereducation system. (命题出处) University officials and observers say there are several reasons forthe falling numbers of Chinese students. They include trade conflicts and political tensions betweenChina and the United States. There also is increasing competition for college students, visa issues andthe growth of China's higher education system.(Q2) Bentley officials (命题出处) At Bentley University in Massachusetts, the number of newChinese students arriving for graduate level work dropped from 110 last autumn to 70. As a result,Bentley officials are wondering whether all of its graduate programs can survive.(Q3) American gun violence and immigration issues (命题出处) Parents and students in China shareconcerns with those in other countries about American gun violence as well as immigration issues.TASK IIRead the passage. Then listen to the news and fill in the blanks with the information (words, phrases or sentences) you hear.For the past 10 years, the number of Chinese students at U.S. universities has been rising. But university officials are starting to see (Q1) a sharp drop in Chinese students.Several universities have reported drops of (Q2) 20 percent or more this autumn at the start of a new school term.To (Q3) get more international students, some schools are advertising in other countries and working to keep the number of Chinese students they have.U.S. colleges and universities need the money paid by students from China and other countries. International students usually pay (Q4) the whole tuition amount, unlike American students, many of whom ask for (Q5) financial aid.University officials and observers say there are several reasons for the falling numbers of Chinese students. They include (Q6) trade conflicts and political tensions between China and the United States. There also is (Q7) increasing competition for college students, (Q8) visa issues and the growth of China's higher education system.At Bentley University in Massachusetts, the number of new Chinese students arriving for graduate level work dropped from 110 last autumn to 70. As a result, Bentley officials are wondering whether all of its (Q9) graduate programs can survive."I wouldn't describe it as catastrophically bad," said the university's president, Alison Davis-Blake. She added that the university has tried to (Q10) get more students from other countries as well as from inside the United States.Large decreases in Chinese students also have been reported this autumn at the University of Vermont, which reported a 23 percent decrease. The University of Nebraska-Lincoln had a 20 percent decrease.China sends more students to study in the United States than any other country. Its 363,000 students represent more than (Q11) 30 percent of all international students at U.S. universities.Parents and students in China share concerns with those in other countries about (Q12) American gun violence as well as (Q13) immigration issues. In May, the group NAFSA: Association of International Educators identified two main reasons for falling numbers of international students who want to study in the United States: the difficulty of (Q14) getting a visa, and the (Q15) social and political environment in the United States.But there are also problems that affect only Chinese students. The Trump administration has accused China of stealing U.S. (Q16) intellectual property. It is looking very closely at Chinese students who ask for visas to study robotics, flight and high-tech manufacturing.In June, China warned students and other visitors to the United States about possible difficulties in (Q17) getting U.S. visas.Xiong Xiong is an electrical engineering student at Beijing Jiaotong University. He said he hopes to study at a U.S. university. But he is worried about the visa process, so he plans to ask to study in Britain. "I'm concerned my visa will be affected," he said.Brad Farnsworth is vice president for international global engagement at the American Council on Education. He said that his recent travels in China suggest the claims of economic espionage are making some students think they are not welcome."The concern is a Chinese student will be met with animosity about why they are in the United States," he said.International students add an estimated $39 billion to the U.S. economy.Normally, over 5,000 Chinese students are in the colleges of (Q18) engineering and business at the University of Illinois. The university recently took an insurance policy that will pay it $60 million if the money from Chinese students drops by 20 percent.Lehigh University in Pennsylvania announced this month it has agreed to pay a (Q19) recruiter to help bring in more students from India. It also has been taking more interest in African countries south of the Sahara Desert, said Lehigh's Cheryl Matherly.Like many other American universities, Lehigh has begun sending employees to Beijing and Shanghai to meet with Chinese students and their parents. The employees want to (Q20) ease Chinese fears about studying in the U.S. and show that their university wants Chinese students.I'm Jonathan Evans.

练习 | VOA常速:低头看手机和电脑对身体造成慢性伤害

VOA常速:低头看手机和电脑对身体造成慢性伤害燕山大学 刘立军 编写 TRANSCRIPTCellphones and computers are just about everywhere on earth. People hunched over these devices and it causes more harm than they realize. When Dr. Lushantha Gunasekera began feeling pain, he thought he needed strength training. “It was mainly pain on, in my upper back and, and neck, and shoulder area and it was just on the one side.”A fitness trainer at the Orlando Health gym knew the pain was due to poor posture. “Internally rotated shoulders, rounded back. Head is down. Neck is down.” Melendez worked with Gunasekera on his posture. All that hunching or jutting your head forward to look at a screen compresses your neck muscles. This causes fatigue, muscle tension and headaches.It can also injure the vertebra in your back, but it can be prevented and corrected. “You’ll be surprised with strengthening your core into impartial corrective exercises can do for your body.”Melendez says even being slightly unaligned can cause major strain, but researchers at Orlando Health found that less than half the Americans they surveyed seem to care. Even a slight misalignment can cause major strain. For every two and a half centimeters your head moves in front of your body, four and a half kilograms of pressure is added to your shoulders. If you move your head forward 100 millimetres, the way imbalance is even greater. “That’s the equivalent to having a child sit on your shoulders.”Gunasekera says changing his posture made a huge difference. “Discussing what I was doing incorrectly. Doing more core exercises, more mobility. Being cognizant every day about my posture. It’s really helped out, and now I don’t have pain there anymore.”Melendez says while you’re using a computer or cellphone, make sure your eye level with the screen. If you can, take frequent breaks and work on your posture.Adapted from http://www.kekenet.com/broadcast/201910/598221.shtml VOCABULARY1. hunch v. to bend the top part of your body forward and raise your shoulders and back 弓身;弓背;耸肩。用法: [单独使用的动词] 例如:She leaned forward, hunching over the desk. 她身体前倾,伏在写字台上。 [动词 + 名词短语] 例如:He hunched his shoulders and thrust his hands deep into his pockets.他耸着肩,双手深深地插进衣袋。2. vertebra n. any of the small bones that are connected together to form the spine 椎骨;脊椎3. unaligned adj. 不结盟的;未对齐的4. cognizant adj. 察知的,认识(某事物)的 QUESTIONSEXERCISESTASK IRead the passage. Then listen to the news and fill in the blanks with the information (words, phrases or sentences) you hear.Cellphones and computers are just about everywhere on earth. People hunched over these devices and it causes more [Q1] ___________________ than they realize. When Dr. Lushantha Gunasekera began feeling pain, he thought he needed [Q2] _____________________________. “It was mainly pain on, in my upper back and, and neck, and shoulder area and it was just on the one side.”A fitness trainer at the Orlando Health gym knew the pain was due to [Q3] _____________________. “Internally rotated shoulders, rounded back. Head is down. Neck is down.” Melendez worked with Gunasekera on his posture. All that hunching or jutting your head forward to look at a screen [Q4] __________________ your neck muscles. This causes fatigue, [Q5] _____________________ and headaches___________.It can also injure the vertebra in your back[Q6] _______________, but it can be [Q6] _______________prevented and corrected. “You’ll be surprised with strengthening your core into impartial corrective exercises can do for your body.”Melendez says even being slightly unaligned can cause [Q7] ____________________, but researchers at Orlando Health found that less than half the Americans they surveyed seem to care. Even a slight misalignment can cause major strain. For every two and a half centimeters your head moves in front of your body, four and a half kilograms of pressure is added to your shoulders. If you move your head forward 100 millimetres, the way imbalance is even greater. “That’s the[Q8] ______________________ equivalent to [Q8] ________________________________________ having a child sit on your shoulders.”Gunasekera says [Q9] ________________________ made a huge difference. “Discussing what I was doing incorrectly. Doing more core exercises, more mobility. Being cognizant every day about my posture. It’s really helped out, and now I don’t have pain there anymore.”Melendez says while you’re using a computer or cellphone, make sure your eye [Q10] _______________ with the screen. If you can, take frequent breaks and work on your posture.TASK IIRead the statements. Then listen to the news and check decide whether the statements arethe true () or false () statements. 1. People hunched over cellphones and computers and it causes more harm than they realize. 2. All that hunching or jutting your head forward to look at a screen compresses your waist muscles. This causes fatigue, muscle tension and headaches. 3. It can also injure the vertebra in your leg, but it can be prevented and corrected. 4. Gunasekera changed his posture and made a huge difference. 5. According to Melendez, we should take frequent breaks and work on our computer musles while we’re using a computer. KEYTASK IRead the passage. Then listen to the news and fill in the blanks with the information (words, phrases or sentences) you hear.Cellphones and computers are just about everywhere on earth. People hunched over these devices and it causes more [Q1] harm than they realize. When Dr. Lushantha Gunasekera began feeling pain, he thought he needed [Q2] strength training. “It was mainly pain on, in my upper back and, and neck, and shoulder area and it was just on the one side.”A fitness trainer at the Orlando Health gym knew the pain was due to [Q3] poor posture. “Internally rotated shoulders, rounded back. Head is down. Neck is down.” Melendez worked with Gunasekera on his posture. All that hunching or jutting your head forward to look at a screen [Q4] compresses your neck muscles. This causes [Q5] fatigue, [Q5]muscle tension and headaches.It can also injure the vertebra in your back [Q6] back, but it can be [Q6]prevented and corrected. “You’ll be surprised with strengthening your core into impartial corrective exercises can do for your body.”Melendez says even being slightly unaligned can cause [Q7] major strain, but researchers at Orlando Health found that less than half the Americans they surveyed seem to care. Even a slight misalignment can cause major strain. For every two and a half centimeters your head moves in front of your body, four and a half kilograms of pressure is added to your shoulders. If you move your head forward 100 millimetres, the way imbalance is even greater. “That’s the [Q8]equivalent to [Q8] having a child sit on your shoulders.”Gunasekera says [Q9] changing his posture made a huge difference. “Discussing what I was doing incorrectly. Doing more core exercises, more mobility. Being cognizant every day about my posture. It’s really helped out, and now I don’t have pain there anymore.”Melendez says while you’re using a computer or cellphone, make sure your eye [Q10] eye level with the screen. If you can, take frequent breaks and work on your posture.TASK IIRead the statements. Then listen to the news and check the true () or false () statements. 1. People hunched over cellphones and computers and it causes more harm than they realize. 2. All that hunching or jutting your head forward to look at a screen compresses your waist muscles. This causes fatigue, muscle tension and headaches. [正确表达] All that hunching or jutting your head forward to look at a screen compresses your neck muscles. This causes fatigue, muscle tension and headaches. 3. It can also injure the vertebra in your leg, but it can be prevented and corrected. [正确表达] It can also injure the vertebra in your back, but it can be prevented and corrected. 4. Gunasekera changed his posture and made a huge difference. 5. According to Melendez, we should take frequent breaks and work on our computer muscles while we’re using a computer. [正确表达] According to Melendez, we should take frequent breaks and work on our posture while we’re using a computer.

练习 | VOA慢速:大学院校排名有啥用

VOA慢速:大学院校排名有啥用燕山大学 刘立军 编写 TRANSCRIPTLists that rate colleges and universities are very popular among parents and students in the United States. But are published lists the best way to choose the right school?The best known ranking is probably by the magazine U.S. News & World Report. On top of the magazine's list this year are schools known around the world. They include Princeton University in New Jersey, Harvard University in Massachusetts, Columbia University in New York City, The Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) in Boston, The University of Chicago and Yale University in Connecticut.U.S. News & World Report published its first "America's Best Colleges" report in 1983. Since then, some educators have questioned the published rankings and how useful they are.A number of magazines publish lists of college rankings once every year. High school students use the lists as reference guides when considering where to continue their education. There are plenty of schools to choose from. Across the country, more than 4,000 colleges and universities offer undergraduate degree programs.Last month, Forbes published its college ratings for 2019. It listed 650 schools. That represents only about 15 percent of all U.S. institutions of higher learning.The magazine's top five are a little different from those of U.S. News & World Report. They are: Harvard University, Stanford University in California, Yale University, MIT and Princeton University.Like other lists, Forbes considers things like student satisfaction, how successful college graduates are and how much money they make. The magazine adds another important piece of information: how much debt students will owe after they graduate.We spoke with education experts and people whose job is to help high school students choose the right college. All of them said students and parents should look at more than just rankings because they do not tell the whole story about a school.Ray Anderson of Virginia is a former high school principal. He now works with a service called AGM-College Advisors. It provides guidance on higher education to students and their families.Anderson says what is most important to him is knowing what the student wants, likes and is capable of doing."The focus is on who you are, and then what schools match you," Anderson said, "not matching you to the school."Anderson told VOA the published rankings can help because they have valuable information about the schools.Jeffrey Stahl agrees that rankings have limited value. In his job as a counselor at Yorktown High School in Virginia, he talks with students about colleges.Stahl says choosing a college is a very personal decision. He said that the rankings "can be helpful," but some students place too much attention on the name of a school and its position in rankings."So much about the campus environment, students, professors, cannot be shown just by ranking," Stahl said. He suggests that families use the ranking information as a starting point. Then, they should widen their search, make their own list, and go see the colleges for themselves.But David Hawkins is critical of the college rankings. He is with the National Association for College Admission Counseling. He told VOA that rankings "are not mathematically proven to measure the quality of any single college, much less to provide comparisons between colleges."Hawkins said lower ranked schools may have difficulty getting students interested in their programs."As such," he said, "the rankings have been known to create ethical problems, as institutions misreport data or otherwise seek to manipulate their ranking." Like the other experts we spoke with, he said students must look past those ratings to a gain a more factual opinion about the schools for themselves.In July, U.S. News & World Report "de-ranked" five institutions from its list for misreporting information. Because of this, the magazine said, their ranking number was "higher than they otherwise would have been." The five included the well-known University of California at Berkeley.Hawkins noted that people overseas might think the rankings come from the U.S. government. That is not true, he notes. "We try to emphasize that these are commercial publications, rather than 'official' rankings of any sort."Richard DeMillo heads the Center for 21st Century Universities at the Georgia Institute of Technology. He also is a professor at Georgia Tech - a school that moved up 13 positions on Forbes' latest list.DeMillo says, while the higher rank is "nice, it does not matter." He believes that Forbes, U.S. News & World Report and other publications are providing a service, "if you ignore the ranking part of it."For example, he finds the information about all the study programs to be useful. The ratings sometimes list lesser-known schools that might be strong in a field of study that a student is interested in.All the experts VOA spoke with had similar advice for students looking for the right college. Go visit the school, talk to the admissions officers and talk with current students."There are so many hidden gems out there!" Jeffrey Stahl said. "Just because a college doesn't make the "list" doesn't mean it doesn't have great programs and resources!"I'm Anne Ball. And I'm Dorothy Gundy.Adapted from http://www.kekenet.com/broadcast/201909/594968.shtml VOCABULARY1. counselor n. 顾问2. even / much / still less: and certainly not 更不用说;更何况。例如:No explanation was offered, still less an apology. 连个解释都不给,就更不用说道歉了。3. ethical adj. connected with beliefs and principles about what is right and wrong (有关)道德的;伦理的。例如: ethical issues/standards/questions有关道德的问题;道德标准 / 问题 the ethical problems of human embryo research人类胚胎研究的伦理问题4. manipulate v. manipulate (sb. into sth./into doing sth.) (disapproving) to control or influence sb./sth., often in a dishonest way so that they do not realize it (暗中)控制,操纵,影响。例如: She uses her charm to manipulate people. 她利用自身的魅力来摆布别人。 As a politician, he knows how to manipulate public opinion. 身为一位政客,他知道如何左右公众舆论。 They managed to manipulate us into agreeing to help. 他们设法促使我们答应了提供帮助。5. gem n. ( also less frequent gemstone) a precious stone that has been cut and polished and is used in jewellery(经切割打磨的)宝石。例如:a crown studded with gems镶有宝石的皇冠 QUESTIONSRead the following statements and decide whether they are true or false.( ) 1. Lists that rate colleges and universities are very popular among universities in the United States.( ) 2. The best known ranking is probably by the magazine U.S. News & World Report.( ) 3. A number of magazines publish lists of college rankings once every year.( ) 4. Forbes magazine adds another important piece of information: how much debt students will owe after they graduate.( ) 5. Students and parents should look at more than just rankings because they do not tell the whole story about a school.( ) 6. Stahl told VOA the published rankings can help because they have valuable information about the schools.( ) 7. Anderson says choosing a college is a very personal decision and suggests that families use the ranking information as a starting point.( ) 8. Hawkins said lower ranked schools may have difficulty getting students interested in their programs.( ) 9. Hawkins noted that people in the U.S. might think the rankings come from the U.S. government.( ) 10. All the experts VOA spoke with had similar advice for students looking for the right college. Go visit the school, talk to the admissions officers and talk with current students. KEYRead the following statements and decide whether they are true or false.(F) 1. Lists that rate colleges and universities are very popular among universities in the United States. (正确表达) Lists that rate colleges and universities are very popular among parents and students in the United States.(T) 2. The best known ranking is probably by the magazine U.S. News & World Report.(T) 3. A number of magazines publish lists of college rankings once every year.(T) 4. Forbes magazine adds another important piece of information: how much debt students will owe after they graduate.(T) 5. Students and parents should look at more than just rankings because they do not tell the whole story about a school.(F) 6. Stahl told VOA the published rankings can help because they have valuable information about the schools. (正确表达) Anderson told VOA the published rankings can help because they have valuable information about the schools.(F) 7. Anderson says choosing a college is a very personal decision and suggests that families use the ranking information as a starting point. (正确表达) Stahl says choosing a college is a very personal decision and suggests that families use the ranking information as a starting point.(T) 8. Hawkins said lower ranked schools may have difficulty getting students interested in their programs.(F) 9. Hawkins noted that people in the U.S. might think the rankings come from the U.S. government. (正确表达) Hawkins noted that people overseas might think the rankings come from the U.S. government.(T) 10. All the experts VOA spoke with had similar advice for students looking for the right college. Go visit the school, talk to the admissions officers and talk with current students.

第九届教学大赛翻译专业组二等奖王妍授课

授课点评:王妍老师的这堂口译课准备充分,步骤清晰,并始终保持与学生积极互动,达到了授课目的。准确迅速把握住说话人的主旨要点,是做好口译工作的一个关键,因此,在口译课堂上将其作为一个训练重点是必须的。王妍老师以两个生动实例作为引子,导出她要学生领会的两个要领,即准确抓住说话人的意图与把握好表述的逻辑。然后又从技术层面将整个口译过程分为几个流程等级,结合课堂实践的具体内容逐一进行讲解,以使学生从理念到语言运用的细节等获得对这一训练项目的较完整认识,效果是好的。整个教学过程体现出她对学生循循善诱的用心,教态从容,且颇具亲和力,这些都值得充分肯定。我认为要真正让学生掌握这项口译的技艺,不仅需要如王妍老师那样设计一个上乘的授课方案,并以最有效方式作课堂演示,还应在授课的最后环节着重强调一下“功夫在课外”的重要性。也就是说,应鼓励学生在课外尽量找些合适的材料强化这方面的自我训练。翻译,特别是口译,从某种意义上讲是一件熟能生巧的事,大量的自我实训有助于提升口译水平,其中就包括对说话人主旨要点的精准把握。需要提醒王妍老师的是,其课堂英语表达还有若干不尽如人意之处,如expect,concept,complex读音不准,although 与but错误并用,at last用错了地方(应该是 finally)等。点评专家:何刚强教授

第九届教学大赛商务英语专业组二等奖罗睿授课

授课点评:总体表现评价:罗睿老师口语流利,对所讲授内容比较熟悉,能够较好地回答提问评委的提问;对整个单元有一个粗略的教学目标、教学内容和教学方法设计,并且在授课过程有所体现;有教学方法(team-based learning),并能将此方法落实在具体授课中。但是,将教学目标分business level, language level 和ability level来概述,显得比较空洞。比如,business level的目标是“assess the business background”,language level是听说读写和语法,这些都是比较宽泛不具体的教学目标。具体表现评价:课堂组织比较有条理,给出的指令比较清晰;如视频2:30-2:50,能清晰地引导学生看具体哪一页的文本,并且告诉学生具体的教学流程有四部分构成,这样处理能让学生对接下来的授课安排有个总体认识。在授课过程,能针对所布置的任务进行个别指导,如视频中6:30-8:54,在布置完每一组(包括教师自己)的阅读任务后,能够逐一指导并和学生确认阅读任务。在视频4:06-5:00中使用“面子”视频,有新意,但插入该视频的时间节点有点突兀,和前后的授课内容逻辑上有点不顺;此外,未能充分利用好该视频,仅从视频中总结出什么是“面子”,但未能抓住视频中男孩没有脱鞋这个细节进行拓展。建议:授课语速和节奏可以适当放慢一些,从容一些。教学方法中提到案例教学法,但没有充分利用好D& G这个案例。如果能将这个案例作为课后讨论作业,让学生分析这个案例,讨论“面子”的重要性,则效果会更佳,也能真正体现案例教学法的效果。点评专家:郭桂航教授

教育培训更多

厦门大学口译教学开放课堂

专题讲座:在本环节,厦大口译教研团队将围绕翻译学科人才培养、课程设置、备课设计、课堂组织、教学方法创新、教学材料使用等问题进行专题讲座报告。开放课堂:在本环节,厦大口译教研团队将专门设计并开放其有代表性的核心课程,由浅入深,由易至难,全面展示其立体化课程体系。开放课堂以厦门大学在校学生为授 课对象,真实反映厦大口译教学和学习实况。研修教师可全程观摩,作观察记录。说课评课:在本环节,当日接受观摩的口译课程授课教师将全面介绍其教育理念、备课方法、教学资源来源、课程设计思路、课堂组织形式以及评估手段,参训教师则有机会 全方位透视每门课程的生成过程并直接参与评课讨论,与授课教师进行问答讨论, 切磋教学技能和授课经验。互动论坛:在本环节,厦大口译教研团队将分享在国家社科、教育部等基金项目申请的经验心得,并探讨如何在教学中发掘研究问题,并深入展开研究在国际SSCI等刊物发文 的经验。学子心声:在本环节,主办方将邀请厦大口译专业优秀的毕业生分享他们从口译学习中获得的核心竞争力如何助力他们的职场生涯,毕业生与在校学子共聚一堂,畅聊口译 学习与人生。

新时期日语专业教学与教师综合素养高级研修班

外语学科实证类学术论文写作与发表高级研修班

特邀知名研究学者、核心期刊编委就外语学科实证类论文的研究设计、写作方法、学术规范、期刊投稿审读原则与程序等进行主题讲座和互动交流,旨在强化培养教师学术素养,提高科研及论文写作能力。主要内容有:1) 学术论文写作与发表综述(含国际发表);2)实证类论文各要素(摘要、引言、方法设计、数据报告、结果讨论等)的写作方法与修改策略;3)如何有效设计调查问卷;4)如何科学设计实验;5)国际期刊书评及综述论文写作策略;6)知识图谱软件VOSviewer软件使用及案例分析。

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