教学素材 | 新型冠状病毒疫情英文词汇表达(1)

新型冠状病毒疫情英文词汇表达(1)lnovel:新奇的,异常的lcoronavirus:冠状病毒lnovel coronavirus:新型冠状病毒lpneumonia:肺炎lunidentified pneumonia:不明原因肺炎lviral pneumonia:病毒性肺炎lNCP: Novel Coronavirus Pheumonia新冠肺炎/新型冠状病毒肺炎lSARS: Severe Acute Respiratory Syndromes非典型性肺炎lMERS: Middle East Respiratory Syndrome中东呼吸综合症linfection:感染,传染lcross infection:交叉感染linfection mechanism:感染机理lasymptomatic infection:无症状感染lrespiratory diseases:呼吸道疾病lepidemic:传染病,流行病ltransmissibility:传染性lpathogenicity:致病性llethality:致死性lpandemic:(疾病)在全国(或全世界)流行的lcontagious:感染性的,会蔓延的llarge-scale:大规模的,大范围的ldeadly:致命的,非常的loutbreak:爆发levolve into a massive outbreak:演变成大规模的爆发lpeak:峰值lsusceptible / vulnerable:易感的lsusceptible /vulnerablepeople:易感染人群ltoll:伤亡人数lfatality:死亡lmortality:死亡数,死亡率lillness onset:发病lmorbidity:发病率lincidence rate:发病率lbasic reproduction number:基本传染数lincubation period:潜伏期lclose contact:密切接触者lmedical watch / medical observation:医学观察lquarantine:隔离lunder quarantine:隔离lisolation:隔离llockdown:一级防范禁闭(期)lthe lockdown of a city:封城lPHEIC: Public Health Emergency of International Concern:国际关注的突发公共卫生事件lsource of infection:传染源lzoonotic:动物传染病的lzoonotic origin:动物传染源lhost:宿主lanimal hosts:病毒的动物宿主lintermediary / transmitting host:中间宿主lmammal:哺乳动物lhorseshoe bat:菊头蝠lbamboo rat:竹鼠lbadger:獾lmasked palm civet:果子狸llive animal market:活体农贸市场lbush meat:野味ltransmission route:传播途径lcut off transmission:阻断传播途径lairborne particle:悬浮粒子,空气中的小颗粒laerosol:气溶胶,喷雾器lhuman-to-human transmission:人传人lsecondary transmission:二级传播(继发性传播)lhidden transmission:隐形传播ldroplet transmission:飞沫传播ltransmission along a chain of 4“generations”:连续四代传播lsuper-spreader:超级传播者lspread:蔓延lcontain / curb the spread of the virus:控制疫情蔓延lgo around:流传lclinical signs:临床表现lclinical presentation:临床表现lclinical course:临床病程lclinical deterioration:临床恶化lfatigue:乏力lnasal congestion:鼻塞lrunny nose:流涕lsneeze:打喷嚏lsputum:痰lsore throat:咽痛ldiarrhea:腹泻lhemoptysis:咯血lchest distress:胸闷ldry cough:干咳lmuscle / joint pain:肌肉/关节痛lshortness of breath:呼吸急促lrespiratory distress:呼吸困难lacute respiratory infection syndrome:急性呼吸道感染症状lAcute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS):急性呼吸窘迫综合征llow white blood cell count:白细胞减少lhypoxemia:低氧血症lconjunctivitis:结膜炎lfeverish patients:发热病人lhospitalized patients:住院患者lpatient in critical condition:重症患者lmild illness:轻微病情lfatal illness:危重病情lcomorbidities:并存病lunderlying medical conditions:基础性疾病lchronic medical conditions:慢性病lsymptom onset / develop symptoms / present symptoms:出现症状lsuspected cases:疑似病例lconfirmed/identified cases:确诊病例lmild / moderate / severe and critical cases:轻/中/重危症例lsporadic case:散在病例limported case:输入型病例lsecond-generation case:二代病例

教学素材 | 新型冠状病毒疫情英文词汇表达(2)

新型冠状病毒疫情英文词汇表达(2)lprecaution:预防措施lwear masks outdoors:出门戴口罩lpersonal Protective Equipment:个人防护设备lmedical supplies:医疗物资lface-mask:口罩 lN95 face-mask:N95型口罩lsurgical mask:医用外科口罩ldisposable gloves:一次性手套ldisinfectant:消毒剂ldisinfector:消毒剂l75% ethyl alcohol:75%酒精lalcohol-based hand rub / sanitizer:含有酒精的洗手液lprotective screen:面罩lprotective suit:防护服lgoggles:护目镜lrespirator:口罩,医用口罩,呼吸机lwash hands frequently and properly:勤洗手和正确洗手lthoroughly cooked:彻底煮熟lsterilize:消毒,杀菌lcover coughs and sneezes with tissue:咳嗽和打喷嚏时用纸巾遮住口鼻lcover mouth and nose with tissue or flexed elbow:用纸巾或屈肘遮住口鼻lstrengthen your immune system:增强免疫系统lensure good room ventilation:保证室内通风lensure good room ventilation:保证室内通风lprevention and control:防控lvaccine:疫苗lcounter-virus:抗病毒的lpotency:效能,力量,潜力lvirus mutation:病毒变异lvirus strain:病毒株lgenetic sequence:基因序列lpathogen:病原体lpathogen genomic sequencing:病原体的基因组测序ldevelop antibodies and vaccines:抗体和疫苗研发lclinical trial:临床试验lfever clinic:发热门诊lnucleic acid testing(NAT):核酸检测lfalse positive:假阳性lhospitalize:住院lbe placed under medical observation:进行医学观察lreceive treatment in isolation:隔离治疗lself-quarantine at home:居家自我隔离lcentralized quarantine:集中隔离lepidemiological investigation:流行病学调查lscreening:筛查lhealth declaration form:健康状况信息登记表lphysician guidance:医嘱lbe discharged from medical observation:结束医学观察ldesignated hospitals:定点医院lcombat the pneumonia outbreak:抗击肺炎疫情linternal nonproliferation and external nonproliferation:内防扩散、外防输出lvirus monitoring and quarantine measures:病毒监控和隔离措施lreverse the tread of and increasing number of cases:扭转病例增加的趋势lhead of a high-level expert team:高级别专家组组长la prominent expert in respiratory diseases:呼吸系统疾病杰出专家lchief epidemiologist:流行病学首席科学leliminate social panic:消除社会恐慌lease the shortage of beds:缓解床位短缺lfeverish patients:发热病人lhealth workforce / medical staff:医务人员lmakeshift hospital / emergency hospital:应急医院lthe resilience of the health system:卫生系统抵御能力loptimize a treatment plan for critically ill patients:重症病人优化治疗方案lprove the infectiousness of the virus:证实病毒的传染性llevel 1 public health emergency response:重大突发公共卫生事件一级响应机制lscale up the level-1 response to major public health emergencies:启动重大突发公共卫生1级响应lreimbursement policy:报销政策lsuspend inter-province coach service:停运省际客运lsuspend all inter-province road passenger transport:暂停全部省际道路客运lfull refund without surcharges:免费退票lextension of holiday:延长假期lprolong winter break / delay spring semester:延迟开学ltravel warning:旅行警告lchartered evacuation flight:包机撤侨lrumormongering:造谣ldisinformation:虚假信息lcirculate:流传lsolidarity:团结,团结一致lmorale:士气,斗志lRed Cross Society of China:中国红十字会lthe National Health Commission:卫健委lthe U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention:美国疾病控制与预防中心lthe Peter Doherty Institute for Infection and Immunity:彼得·多尔蒂感染和免疫研究所lShanghai Institute of Materia Medica under Chinese Academy of Sciences:中国科学院上海药物研究所lWuhan Institute of Virology:武汉病毒研究所virology:病毒学lInternational Health Regulation (IHR):国际卫生条例

Everything you need to know about coronavirus (III)

Everything you need to know aboutcoronavirus, the deadly illness alarming the world (Ⅲ)威慑全球的致命冠状病毒,你所需要了解的一切(三)Is there avaccine(1)for the coronavirus?There are no drugs or vaccines for coronaviruses yet, including 2019-nCov. Doctors can only treat the symptoms they cause.However, scientists atThe Peter Doherty Institute for Infection and Immunity(2)in Melbourne, Australia, say they were able to successfully grow the novel coronavirus in cell culture outside of China for the first time ever.Dr. Mike Catton,deputy(3)director of the Doherty Institute, said in a statement the breakthrough provides crucial information “to assist in the assessment of effectiveness oftrial(4)vaccines.”According to the South China Morning Post, China might already have a vaccine developed but needs more time to test it. Hong Kong University professor Yuen Kwok-yung told the paper it will take months to test the vaccine on animals and at least another year to conduct clinical trials on humans.How contagious is the coronavirus?A virus canlinger(5)in the air and infect people for two hours after an infected person leaves the room.Who is most at risk of getting coronavirus?Chinese scientists have decoded the 2019-nCoV DNA and made it public. Researchers are analyzing the data in hope of finding a vaccine.Hooper said that experts are still learning about the virus and information remains limited.However, he points to elderly and people who are sick with other conditions as ademographic(6)who are over-represented in the coronavirus death toll.“For those who do have the disease, it seems like the elderly and people withcomorbid(7)conditions are more likely to have serious illness,” he said.Hooper said it's unknown if women infected with the virus can have complications while pregnant, like the Zika virus, which causesmicrocephaly(8)and otherfetal(9)brain defects.How can you prevent catching the coronavirus?As there's no available vaccine, the CDC recommends taking preventative measures to decrease the likelihood of infection:Wear a respirator(10). N95 or higher respirators prevent exposure to smallairborne particles(11)and biological aerosols(12)including viruses and bacteria.Wash your hands. Frequently wash your hands and avoid touching your face.Avoid large crowds. Being in crowds increases risk of catching a virus.How do doctors treat the coronavirus?There’s no specific treatment for illnesses caused by human coronaviruses but the CDC recommends taking pain and fever medications, drinking plenty of liquids and staying home to rest.Notes(1)vaccine:疫苗(2)the Peter Doherty Institute for Infection and Immunity:彼得·多尔蒂感染和免疫研究所(3)deputy:副的,代理的(4)trial:试验的(5)linger:持续存留(6)demographic:特定人群(7)comorbid:并发的,共患的(8)microcephaly:小头畸形症(9)fetal:胎儿的(10)respirator:口罩,医用口罩(11)airborne particle:悬浮粒子,空气中的小颗粒(12)aerosol:气溶胶

练习 | VOA慢速:托福上线官方app

VOA慢速:托福上线官方app燕山大学刘立军编写uTRANSCRIPTStudents around the world wanting help with the TOEFL English test have a new tool: a mobile app. The “TOEFL official app” becameavailablelast week. Users can download it from the Apple App Store or Google Play.TOEFL stands for “Test of English as a Foreign Language.” Students must pass the test to get into many universities in the United States and other English-speaking countries. It is made up of four parts: reading, listening, writing and speaking.Test-takers will be able to use it for everything from registration and test preparation, to receiving their scores and requesting health-related accommodations.What we wanted to do through the app is to meet them where they are on their own terms and schedule, and on the devices they increasingly prefer to use, said Srikant Gopal. He leads the TOEFL program at the non-profit Educational Testing Service, or ETS, and recently spoke with VOA about the new app.After downloading the app, users can get material to help prepare them for the test. They can alsoregisterto take the test. And, the organization says, users can see their test scores and send reports to schools they wish to attend.Students also can search for the test centers near where they are, as well as find open seats for the test. This works through Google maps.TOEFL is offered in over 150 countries around the world. It is mostly internet-based. In places where internet connections are not strong, students take a paper version of the test.I'm Jonathan Evans.uVOCABULARY1.availableadj.(of things东西)that you can get, buy or find可获得的;可购得的;可找到的。例如:lavailable resources/facilities可利用的资源/设备lreadily/freely/publicly/generally available可以容易/免费/让公众/普遍得到lTickets are available free of charge from the school.学校有免费票。lWhen will the information be made available?何时才可以了解到情况?lFurther information is available on request.详情备索。lThis was the only room available.这是唯一可用的房间。lWe'll send you a copy as soon as it becomes available.一有货我们就会给你寄一本去。lEvery available doctor was called to the scene.所有能找到的医生都被召集到了现场。2.registerv. put name on list登记姓名uEXERCISESRead the statements. Then listen to the news and check the true (ü) or false (û) statements.q1. The “TOEFL official app” became available last month.q2. Users can download the “TOEFL official app” from the Apple App Store or Google Play.q3. According to the news, students must pass the test to get into many universities in the United States and other English-speaking countries.q4. TOEFL is made up of four parts: reading, listening, writing and discussion.q5. Test-takers will be able to use the “TOEFL official app” for everything, such as registration, test preparation, receiving test scores and requesting health-related accommodations.q6. ETS is a non-profit organization in the USA and Canada.q7. After downloading the app, users can get material to help prepare them for the test and register to take the test. Besides, users can see their test scores and send reports to schools they wish to attend.q8. After downloading the app, students also can search for the test centers and find open seats for the test.q9. TOEFL is offered in over 115 countries around the world.q10. TOEFL is mostly internet-based. In places where internet connections are not strong, students take a paper test.uKEYRead the statements. Then listen to the news and check the true (ü) or false (û) statements.ý1. The “TOEFL official app” became availablelast month. 正确表达:The “TOEFL official app” became availablelast week.þ2. Users can download the “TOEFL official app” from the Apple App Store or Google Play.þ3. According to the news, students must pass the test to get into many universities in the United States and other English-speaking countries.ý4. TOEFL is made up of four parts: reading, listening, writing anddiscussion. 正确表达:TOEFL is made up of four parts: reading, listening, writing andspeaking.þ5. Test-takers will be able to use the “TOEFL official app” for everything, such as registration, test preparation, receiving test scores and requesting health-related accommodations.ý6. ETS is a non-profit organizationin the USA and Canada. 正确表达:ETS is a non-profit organizationin the USA.þ7. After downloading the app, users can get material to help prepare them for the test and register to take the test. Besides, users can see their test scores and send reports to schools they wish to attend.þ8. After downloading the app, students also can search for the test centers and find open seats for the test.ý9. TOEFL is offered inover 115 countriesaround the world. 正确表达:TOEFL is offered inover 150 countriesaround the world.þ10. TOEFL is mostly internet-based. In places where internet connections are not strong, students take a paper test.

练习 | 科学美国人60秒:摇晃有助于改善成人睡眠

科学美国人60秒:摇晃有助于改善成人睡眠燕山大学 刘立军 编写TRANSCRIPTThis is Scientific American 60-Second Science. I'm Karen Hopkin.Every new parent knows, or learns pretty quickly, that rocking can calm that a fussy baby when it's time to take a nap. But the benefits of gentle motion may extend past the swaddling stage. Because two new studies show that rocking also helps grown-ups, both human and mouse, get a good night's sleep. The two research efforts are in the journal Current Biology.What should be no surprise is that movement can be soothing. Think of how many times you've fallen asleep on a train. But can motion really induce a doze, and make for a deeper sleep? To find out, researchers invited 18 healthy volunteers for a sleepover."So they came to the lab and they slept one time on the stationary position, normal bed. And one night where they got rocked."Aurore Perrault, a sleep researcher at the University of Geneva in Switzerland."And what we find is actually compared to a stationary night, a whole night of rocking sleep has a beneficial impact. Not only on sleep initiation, which means they fall asleep faster, but also on sleep maintenance, as we saw that they have less micro-awakening during the night."Subjects who rocked also did better on a memory test the next morning than did the stiller sleepers.In the second study, Konstantinos Kompotis, a postdoctoral fellow at the University of Lausanne, rocked a rack of rodents."Whether rocking affects sleep in species other than human was never before discussed. So the main questions for our study were does rocking affect sleep in mice and what is the underlying mechanism?"Kompotis placed the mouse cages on a platform that moved from side to side. And though mice were rocked four times faster than their human counterparts - a frequency of one back-and-forth per second, or 1 Hertz, worked best - the results were strikingly similar."During rocking at 1 Hertz, time spent asleep increased, there were more transitions from wakefulness to non-REM sleep, and mice fell asleep twice as fast than at stationary condition."The effect required an ability to detect motion. Mice with a defective vestibular system, which is key to maintaining balance, did not become lulled by the sleep-inducing platform.Additional studies could allow the researchers to identify a new target for treating sleep disorders, including insomnia. Until then, you might think about adding a little swing to your nighttime routine.Thanks for listening for Scientific American 60-Second Science. I'm Karen Hopkin.VOCABULARY1. fussy adj. doing sth. with small, quick, nervous movements 紧张不安的。例如:a fussy manner局促不安的举止2. swaddle v.(动词+名词短语)(old-fashioned) to wrap sb. / sth., especially a baby, tightly in clothes or a piece of cloth (用衣服或布)紧裹,包裹(尤指婴儿)3. soothe v. to make a tense or painful part of your body feel more comfortable 减轻,缓解,缓和(身体某部位的紧张或疼痛)。(同义词)relieve 例如: This should soothe the pain. 这个应该能缓解疼痛。 Take a warm bath to soothe tense, tired muscles. 洗个热水澡,让紧张疲劳的肌肉放松一下。4. sleepover n. a party for children or young people when a group of them spend the night at one house (儿童或年轻人在某人家玩乐并过夜的)聚会5. lull v.(动词+名词短语)to make sb. relaxed and calm 使放松;使镇静 [同义词] soothe 例如:The vibration of the engine lulled the children to sleep. 发动机的颤动使得孩子们睡着了。6. insomnia n.(不可数名词)the condition of being unable to sleep 失眠(症)。例如:to suffer from insomnia 失眠EXERCISESRead the passage. Then listen to the news and fill in the blanks with the information (words, phrases or sentences) you hear.This is Scientific American - 60-Second Science. I'm Karen Hopkin.Every new parent knows, or learns pretty quickly, that rocking can calm [Q1] ____________________________ when it's time to take a nap. But the benefits of gentle motion may extend past the swaddling stage. Because two new studies show that rocking also helps grown-ups, [Q2] _________________________________, get a good night's sleep. The two research efforts are in the journal Current Biology.What should be no surprise is that movement can be soothing. Think of how many times you've fallen asleep on a train. But can motion really [Q3] _________________, and make for a deeper sleep? To find out, researchers invited 18 healthy volunteers for a sleepover."So they came to the lab and they slept one time on the stationary position, normal bed. And one night where they got rocked."Aurore Perrault, a sleep researcher at the University of Geneva in Switzerland."And what we find is actually compared to a stationary night, a whole night of rocking sleep has a beneficial impact. Not only on sleep initiation, which means they fall asleep faster, but also on [Q4] ______________________________, as we saw that they have less micro-awakening during the night."Subjects who rocked also did better on a [Q5] _______________ the next morning than did the stiller sleepers.In the second study, Konstantinos Kompotis, a [Q6] _______________________ at the University of Lausanne, rocked a rack of rodents."Whether rocking affects sleep in species other than human was never before discussed. So the main questions for our study were [Q7] __________________________________________ and what is the underlying mechanism?"Kompotis placed the mouse cages on a platform that moved from side to side. And though mice were rocked four times faster than their human counterparts - a frequency of one back-and-forth per second, or 1 Hertz, worked best - the results were [Q8] _______________."During rocking at 1 Hertz, time spent asleep increased, there were more transitions from wakefulness to non-REM sleep, and mice fell asleep twice as fast than at stationary condition."The effect required an ability to detect motion. Mice with a defective vestibular system, which is key to maintaining balance, did not become lulled by the sleep-inducing platform.Additional studies could allow the researchers to identify a new target for treating [Q9] _____________________________, including insomnia. Until then, you might think about adding [Q10] _________________________ to your nighttime routine.Thanks for listening for Scientific American 60-Second Science. I'm Karen Hopkin.KEYRead the passage. Then listen to the news and fill in the blanks with the information (words, phrases or sentences) you hear.This is Scientific American - 60-Second Science. I'm Karen Hopkin.Every new parent knows, or learns pretty quickly, that rocking can [Q1] calm a fussy baby when it's time to take a nap. But the benefits of gentle motion may extend past the swaddling stage. Because two new studies show that rocking also helps grown-ups, [Q2] both human and mouse, get a good night's sleep. The two research efforts are in the journal Current Biology.What should be no surprise is that movement can be soothing. Think of how many times you've fallen asleep on a train. But can motion really [Q3] induce a doze, and make for a deeper sleep? To find out, researchers invited 18 healthy volunteers for a sleepover."So they came to the lab and they slept one time on the stationary position, normal bed. And one night where they got rocked."Aurore Perrault, a sleep researcher at the University of Geneva in Switzerland."And what we find is actually compared to a stationary night, a whole night of rocking sleep has a beneficial impact. Not only on sleep initiation, which means they fall asleep faster, but also on [Q4] sleep maintenance, as we saw that they have less micro-awakening during the night."Subjects who rocked also did better on a [Q5] memory test the next morning than did the stiller sleepers.In the second study, Konstantinos Kompotis, a [Q6] postdoctoral fellow at the University of Lausanne, rocked a rack of rodents."Whether rocking affects sleep in species other than human was never before discussed. So the main questions for our study were [Q7] does rocking affect sleep in mice and what is the underlying mechanism?"Kompotis placed the mouse cages on a platform that moved from side to side. And though mice were rocked four times faster than their human counterparts - a frequency of one back-and-forth per second, or 1 Hertz, worked best - the results were [Q8] strikingly similar."During rocking at 1 Hertz, time spent asleep increased, there were more transitions from wakefulness to non-REM sleep, and mice fell asleep twice as fast than at stationary condition."The effect required an ability to detect motion. Mice with a defective vestibular system, which is key to maintaining balance, did not become lulled by the sleep-inducing platform.Additional studies could allow the researchers to identify a new target for treating [Q9] sleep disorders, including insomnia. Until then, you might think about adding [Q10] a little swing to your nighttime routine.Thanks for listening for Scientific American 60-Second Science. I'm Karen Hopkin.

练习 | VOA慢速:大学生志愿者

VOA慢速:大学生志愿者燕山大学刘立军编写uTRANSCRIPTIn some ways, higher education is a self-serving experience. People often seek a college education because they want to improve their lives. Or, they want to increase their chances at gaining well-paying, interesting and meaningful employment.Even if a person wants to find cures for major diseases or solve homelessness, they must spend years gaining knowledge and training for themselves before they can help others.A person’s college years are usually very busy. It may not seem like they have the time or the freedom to serve anyone but themselves. But Connie Snyder Mick says they actually do. Mick is the academic director of the Center for Social Concerns at the University of Notre Dame in the state of Indiana. Centers like hers exist at many colleges and universities in the United States. Mick says the centers help students seeking an experience that may not be directly related to a student’s academic progress, but that is still important-volunteering.Volunteering is not uncommon in higher education. Many campus groups organize volunteer events orfundraisingefforts for different causes. Officials in charge of student housing often organize such events to help build a sense of community.Involvement in these kinds of activities is good for students, Mick told VOA. For example, the busy nature of college life can create a lot of stress for students. Doing something completely unrelated to a student’s studies or other work can help calm them by putting their mind on other things.For a deeper more meaningful addition to their college experience, Mick urges students to visit centers like the one she heads.She says these centers exist to create volunteer opportunities that are more complex and meaningful than just a day spent cleaning a local park, for example. College students often spend little time getting to know the local community just outside of their campus, Mick notes. Higher education is all about introducing students to new ideas, she says. And these communities may be full of cultures and people that are very different from what the students already know.Campus volunteering offices often partner with local organizers that serve the people of the nearby community. These partnerships help make sure the volunteer efforts are meeting the real needs of that community.Even for students with little interest in finding a connection with the local community, there is still value in what volunteer centers have to offer, Mick says. She notes some opportunities can push students to use what they are learning in the classroom out in the real world. And having that kind of experience can make a student appealing to employers in the years to come."Imagine teaching computer science at a center for people with disabilities," Mick said. "To think about how to apply, more directly, what you’re studying in the classroom in ways that sort of push you to think about it differently can really be a creative space."Volunteering does not necessarily mean finding extra time in the evenings or weekends, she says. More and more schools are asking professors to design courses that include volunteer work."The research shows that when a student goes and has an experience, the learning happens in the reflection, and reflection happens in coursework," Mick said. "So you’re getting that academic credit, but you’re also having an experience that’s thoughtful, that gives you times to do research and to think deeply about that in a way that’s connected to your academic interests."Campus volunteer centers can help studentsidentifyclasses that offer these kinds of experiences. The centers also can let students know if their school offers any volunteering-based trips during breaks between study terms. Mick says such trips can be a meaningful way to spend free time and explore other places.I’m Pete Musto.uVOCABULARY1.fundraisingn.筹款;募捐2.identifyv. to find or discover sb./sth.找到;发现。用法:①(动词+名词短语)例如:lScientists have identified a link between diet and cancer.科学家发现了饮食与癌症之间的关联。lAs yet they have not identified a buyer for the company.迄今为止他们还没有为公司找到买主。②(动词+ wh-从句)例如:They are trying to identify what is wrong with the present system.他们正试图弄清现行制度的弊端所在。uEXERCISESListen to the news and choose the best answer to each question you hear.1. Why do people seek a college education?A.To improve their lives or have better jobs.B.To improve their lives.C.To increase their job chances. D.To find cures for major diseases or solve homelessness.2. Which of the following statements is FALSE?A.Volunteering is common in higher education.B. Involvement in volunteer activities is good for students.C.Volunteering means finding extra time in the evenings or weekends.D.More and more schools are asking professors to design courses that include volunteer work.uKEY1. A。细节题。命题出处:In some ways, higher education is a self-serving experience. People often seek a college educationbecause they want to improve their lives. Or, they want to increase their chances at gaining well-paying, interesting and meaningful employment.2. C。推断题。题干问:那一句陈述是错误的?答案应为CVolunteering means finding extra time in the evenings or weekends.原文正确表述为:Volunteeringdoes not necessarily meanfinding extra time in the evenings or weekends, she says.

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