双语阅读 | 父亲在儿童教育中的作用

Home education is long considered as the bounden duty of a mother, who is regarded as the embodiment of devotion, selflessness, and unconditional love. A father’s territory, on the other hand, is often deemed as the workplace where he appears to achieve more sense of worth than he does at home. Besides, fathers’ more clumsy performances in baby-nursing are construed as the evidences that they are less sensitive about the emotional cues of babies. Although the paternal love often appears less direct and intense than its counterpart, it is an indispensable part of the healthy emotional, physical, and cognitive growth of a child. However, not every father lives up to his fatherhood, which is a sense of responsibility, a lifestyle that has no end.一直以来,家庭教育被视作是母亲的天职。母亲意味着无私的奉献和无条件的爱。而工作则被认为是父亲的主要阵地,因为工作似乎比家庭更能给父亲带来价值感。此外,父亲在育儿时较为笨拙的表现也被认为体现了其对婴儿情绪的感知能力较弱。然而,尽管父爱相较母爱显得更为含蓄、平淡,但对一个孩子的心理、身体和认知水平的健康发展来说是不可或缺的。事实上并非每个父亲都称得上称职。为人父代表着一种责任感,是一种贯彻一生的生活方式。Studies show that paternal involvement in children’s reading greatly contributes to their language and literacy development. Reading is an essential activity associated with the cognitive development of children. It’s a habit that can be cultivated through child-parent reading routines such as story-telling and text-retelling. Father-child reading is more beneficial to children’s acquisition of language than screen-based reading because it’s in-person and interactive. While mothers tend to be more descriptive, personal, and verbally encouraging, fathers make greater use of facial expressions and subtle body language. Father’s gaze and gestures (such as pointing to the book’s pictures) can help children concentrate on the reading process, which increases their learning efficiency. 研究表明父亲参与的亲子阅读对孩子的语言和读写能力的发展帮助很大。阅读活动对于儿童的认知发展起着关键作用。儿童的阅读习惯可以通过日常的亲子阅读(比如家长讲故事、儿童复述故事)来培养。父子共读比独自在屏幕上阅读更有利于儿童的语言学习,因为前者有面对面的互动交流。母亲更倾向于使用描述性、个人化和鼓励性的语言,而父亲则更多地通过面部表情和微妙的肢体语言与儿童互动。父亲可以通过眼神和手势(比如指向书中的图片)帮助儿童集中注意力,从而提高学习效率。Studies also find that when children play better, they read better, master more advanced vocabularies and develop more variegated communication skills. It is because young children’s cognitive abilities develop through new experiences and discoveries, which are key elements of play. Fathers who take active roles in the play encourage their children to push the limits, which helps them build independence, confidence, and progress. Also, it is easier for children to memorize words when they are uttered during the process of play. If fathers behave warm, nurturing, and supportive during the play, their children would be more prepared to the school than those whose fathers are less positively involved.研究同样发现玩耍有助于儿童提高阅读能力并掌握更高级的词汇和更丰富的交流技能。这是因为幼儿的认知能力会随着新的体验与发现发展,而接触新事物正是玩耍的核心要素。主动陪孩子玩的父亲会鼓励他们挑战自我,这从而使孩子更加独立和自信,取得更大进步。此外,儿童更容易记住在玩耍中听到的单词。如果父亲在玩耍时表现得热情、体贴和支持,他们的孩子将比那些父亲不那么积极参与的孩子更容易适应校园生活。Parenting is by no means the exclusive province of mothers. A qualified father is supposed to be more than a wage earner who comes home only to eat dinner and watch television. Consistent and active paternal involvement instills into children senses of security, well being, and confidence. Besides, the moral influence fathers have on children is as important as the emotional support they provide. Generally speaking, while mothers tend to see the rest of the world in relation to their children, fathers tend to see their children in relation to the rest of the world. Children turn to their fathers for laying down the rules which will mould their own characters and guide them to form new relationships in the future. While girls model their relationships with others based on their father’s character, boys model themselves after their father’s character. A good father shows his daughter what a good relationship with a man is and shows his son how to behave and survive in the world.育儿并非仅仅是母亲的职责。父亲也绝不意味着赚钱、回家吃饭和看电视。父亲始终如一、积极主动地参与孩子的成长会给孩子带来安全感、幸福感和自信心。除了情感上的支持以外,父亲对儿童的道德影响同样重要。一般而言,母亲总是以儿童为中心看待周围的世界,而父亲则关心儿童如何为外部世界所接纳。父亲会帮助孩子建立起人生准则,塑造孩子的个性,并指导他们在未来建立新的人际关系。女孩会根据父亲的性格选择所要交往的人,而男孩则以父亲的性格为榜样。一位好父亲会向女儿展示什么是男女之间的理想关系,向儿子则展示如何为人处世、如何在世界上生存。Vocabulary:bounden duty n. 天职construe v. 理解fatherhood n. 父亲的身份parent v. 养育instill v. 灌输mould v. 塑造

双语阅读 | 《花木兰》上映引争议

新版《花木兰》上映引争议徐媛 供稿While Disney's live-action Mulan remake has faced several delays due to the coronavirus pandemic, its debut on Disney Plus feels perfectly timed. In Disney’s new version of the ancient story, a fearless young woman disguises herself as a man to battle northern invaders in China, to save her ailing father from serving in the Imperial Army.受新冠疫情影响,迪士尼真人版电影《花木兰》的上映遭遇了几次延误。如今,该片把握住了时机,通过Disney+媒体平台线上放映。这次新版的迪士尼电影,讲述的仍旧是一名勇敢的女子男扮女装,代父从军,抗敌救国的故事。With the elimination of some old characters, new roles are introduced. The remake gives Mulan a sister, who is well-mannered as opposed to Mulan's unrestrained behavior. The lucky cricket is reimagined as a fellow soldier named Cricket, who has some mild humor woven into his role.虽然一些旧角色有所缺失,但取而代之,出现了一些新角色。比如,花木兰有了一个妹妹——她举止庄重,不像木兰那么不拘小节。动画版中作为吉祥物的小蟋蟀角色也被重新塑造,成了花木兰的一个战友的名字,其人物性格也带有几分幽默感。Among all the new characters, the most complex and fascinating one is Xianniang, a witch who often takes on the form of antagonist Böri Khan's bird. Struggling to be accepted, Xianniang is driven to serve Khan in exchange for his promise to provide "a place where your powers will not be vilified." With her outstanding fighting skills and exceptional ability to understand Mulan, Xianniang proves to be an exciting addition to the ranks of the Disney villains.而在所有新角色中,最为复杂并引人注目的就是仙娘。身为一名女巫,她常常以反面人物布利可汗的鸟的形象出现。为了得到认可,她不得不为可汗效力,从而换取可汗为她提供“一个你的能力不会受到贬低的地方”。凭借着出色的战斗技巧和对花木兰的深刻理解,仙娘在迪士尼反派人物中脱颖而出。Despite Disney’s huge investment in Mulan, Chinese moviegoers have found reasons to tear the movie apart. Although the movie boasts of its cultural authenticity, the audience finds it rife with historical mistakes. Many were baffled when they saw the Hua family living in a tulou — a building typically found in Hakka communities in Fujian. As Mulan is set in the period of the Northern and Southern dynasties, its appearance does not make any historical sense because there is no way that the Northern Wei (A.D. 386–534) emperor could conscript someone from the other end of the country. It is also chronologically misplaced: Tulou only became commonplace nearly a millennium after Mulan’s setting.尽管迪士尼在《花木兰》上投入巨大,但中国观众还是发现了电影的诸多槽点。虽然电影被宣称具有地道中国元素,但观众却发现了其中存在诸多历史错误。许多观众看到花木兰一家住在土楼时,感到十分困惑——因为土楼是福建客家常见的一种民居,而《花木兰》的故事背景是南北朝时期,北魏(公元386–534年)皇帝不可能征用来自南朝的人。因此,土楼的出现与历史背景不符。另外,土楼的出现时间也有问题:土楼是在花木兰所处的时代近一千年后才成为一种普遍的民居样式的。To the great displeasure of fans worldwide, the beloved character Mushu was removed from the live-action remake by Disney. The Chinese audience was also immensely disappointed by Disney’s action scenes. Some blamed the poorly choreographed combat scenes and the catastrophic editing, while others blamed excessive CGI and evidently unrealistic fight scenes.让全球影迷失望的是,迪斯尼在真人版电影在删去了之前广受喜爱的角色——木须龙。中国观众对电影中的动作场面也非常失望。有些人埋怨一些武打场面编排不佳,剪辑糟糕,而另一些人指责计算机生成图像(CGI)被过度使用,一些战斗场面过于虚假。Vocabulary:ailing adj. 生病的,身体不舒服的predecessor n. 前任,前辈antagonist n. 敌手vilify v. 诽谤;中伤;轻视;贬低villain n. 坏人,恶棍rife adj. 普遍的;流行的conscript v. 征召,征募chronologically adv. 按发生时间顺序排列地CGI (computer-generated imagery) 计算机生成图像

双语阅读 | 极简衣橱挑战

Have you ever pulled open the doors of your wardrobe, only to find yourself groaning loudly that you have nothing to wear? At this point it can be tempting to rush out and buy something new, fun, and affordable. But this kind of quick-fix buying probably leads to the “nothing to wear” dilemma in the first place. It is time to bring the minimalism into your wardrobe.你是否曾有过打开衣柜,却发现自己没有衣服可穿而只能大声抱怨的经历?这时也许你会急着冲出家门,去购入一些设计有趣、价格实惠的新衣服。但这种应急式的购买方式很可能会让你再次陷入“无衣可穿”的困境。那么,是时候用极简主义来打造衣橱了。One closet-reducing program is the capsule wardrobe. Though usually thought to be some contemporary notion, the term was originally coined by British fashion icon Susie Faux in the 1970s. A capsule wardrobe consists of the most essential clothing items, which serve as the building blocks of the closet. You can create entire looks with just the capsule wardrobe, and you can also layer capsule pieces with seasonal pieces and trendy, fast-fashion items.“胶囊衣橱计划”是精简衣橱的方法之一。虽然经常被视为当代的时髦概念,但该词最初是在上世纪70年代由英国时尚偶像苏茜·法克斯(Susie Faux)创造的。胶囊衣橱包含的是最经典的必备款衣服,以此作为整个衣橱的基础。你可以用胶囊衣橱负责全身行头,也可以将其与其他季节性的快时尚潮流单品搭配。Another minimalist fashion challenge is a popular movement “Project 333”. In “Project 333", fashion blogger Courtney Carver encourages people to create a wardrobe of thirty-three items every three months. It has inspired thousands of people since then to minimalize their wardrobe – and other parts of their life as well. YouTube fashion blogger Daria Andronescu also takes newbie by the digital hand and helps them on their way to sustainable style. Her “Wonder Wardrobe” YouTube channel boasts more than 40k subscribers, who are treated with regular tips, news and fashion finds.另一个极简主义时尚挑战是备受欢迎的“ 333计划”。在“ 333计划”中,时尚博主考特尼·卡弗(Courtney Carver)鼓励人们每三个月打造一个由33件单品组成的衣橱。这一时尚运动鼓舞了数千人去简化自己的衣橱以及生活的其他方面。油管时尚博主达里亚·安德罗涅斯库(Daria Andronescu)通过网络手段帮助时尚新手们形成 “可持续性”的穿衣法则。她的油管频道“美妙衣橱”(“Wonder Wardrobe”)订阅数超过4万,这些订阅者会定期收到她的穿搭建议、业内新闻和时尚新发现。The “minimalist wardrobe” concept represents a shift in thinking about how we wear clothes, which could inspire important changes in our consumption habits. Since the capsule collection is meant to be worn over and over, the idea is that we will invest in fewer, high-quality, well-made pieces. It is not only far better for the pocketbook, but also better for the environment in the long term. Join the minimalist wardrobe challenge now!“极简衣橱”的理念代表着我们对如何穿衣的想法发生了变化,由此我们的消费习惯也可能随之发生重大变化。由于胶囊衣橱里的衣服是会反复穿着,因此我们会购买数量较少,但是品质优良、做工精致的单品。这不仅对钱包友好,从长远来看也将有利于保护环境。快来接受极简衣橱的挑战吧!VOCABULARYtempting adj. 诱人的capsule n. 胶囊newbie n. 新手pocketbook n. 钱包

练习 | AP News一分钟新闻:美国三个州新增隔离14天要求(听写填空)

AP News一分钟新闻:美国三个州新增隔离14天要求燕山大学 刘立军 供稿uTRANSCRIPTThis is AP News Minute.A GOP-backed police reform bill has hit a roadblockin the Senate as Democrats have refused to agree to open debate as they push for greater changes in police tacticsand accountability. Despite the roadblock, Senate Minority Leader Chuck Schumer says he thinks legislation could still pass the Senate.Attorney General William Barr has agreed to testify before the House Judiciary Committee next month. The announcement comes on a day when a career federal prosecutortold House lawmakers that Roger Stone got special treatment by the Justice Department prior sentencing because of his relationship with President Trump.A federal appeals court has decided to dismiss the criminal case against former Trump national security advisor Michael Flynn, even though Flynn already pleaded guilty of lying to federal investigators. The president reacted favorably, saying Flynn was "treated horribly by a group of very bad people."New York, Connecticut and New Jersey will now require visitors from states with high coronavirus infection rates to quarantine for 14 days. Governor Andrew Cuomo made the announcement. A number of states are above the required threshold, including Florida, Texas and Arizona.Adapted from http://www.kekenet.com/broadcast/202007/613616.shtmluVOCABULARY1.roadblockn. (North Amercian English) something that stops a plan from going ahead 障碍2. tactic n. the particular method you use to achieve sth. 策略;手段;招数。They tried all kinds of tactics to get us to go. 他们施尽所有的招数想让我们去。3.accountabilityn.责任制4.prosecutorn. a public official who charges sb. officially with a crime and prosecutes them in court 公诉人;检察官5. thresholdn. the level at which sth. starts to happen or have an effect 阈;界;起始点。例如:He has a low boredom threshold (= he gets bored easily). 他极易感到乏味。uQUESTIONSRead the passage. Then listen to the news and fill in the blanks with the information (words, phrases or sentences) you hear.This is AP News Minute.A GOP-backed police reform bill has hit a (Q1) __________________________ in the Senate as Democrats have refused to agree to open debate as they push for greater changes in police tactics and (Q2) ___________________. Despite the roadblock, Senate Minority Leader Chuck Schumer says he thinks (Q3) _________________ could still pass the Senate.Attorney General William Barr has agreed to (Q4) _____________ before the House Judiciary Committee next month. The announcement comes on a day when a career federal (Q5) ___________ told House lawmakers that Roger Stone got special treatment by the Justice Department prior sentencing because of his relationship with President Trump.A federal appeals court has decided to (Q6) _________________ the criminal case against former Trump national security advisor Michael Flynn, even though Flynn already pleaded guilty of lying to federal investigators. The president reacted (Q7) ____________________, saying Flynn was "treated horribly by a group of very bad people."New York, Connecticut and New Jersey will now require (Q8) _________________ from states with high coronavirus infection rates to (Q9) ___________________ for 14 days. Governor Andrew Cuomo made the announcement. A number of states are above the required (Q10) _______________, including Florida, Texas and Arizona.uKEY Read the passage. Then listen to the news and fill in the blanks with the information (words, phrases or sentences) you hear.This is AP News Minute.A GOP-backed police reform bill has hit a (Q1) roadblockin the Senate as Democrats have refused to agree to open debate as they push for greater changes in police tactics and (Q2) accountability. Despite the roadblock, Senate Minority Leader Chuck Schumer says he thinks (Q3) legislationcould still pass the Senate.Attorney General William Barr has agreed to (Q4) testifybefore the House Judiciary Committee next month. The announcement comes on a day when a career federal (Q5) prosecutortold House lawmakers that Roger Stone got special treatment by the Justice Department prior sentencing because of his relationship with President Trump.A federal appeals court has decided to (Q6) dismissthe criminal case against former Trump national security advisor Michael Flynn, even though Flynn already pleaded guilty of lying to federal investigators. The president reacted (Q7) favorably, saying Flynn was "treated horribly by a group of very bad people."New York, Connecticut and New Jersey will now require (Q8) visitorsfrom states with high coronavirus infection rates to (Q9) quarantinefor 14 days. Governor Andrew Cuomo made the announcement. A number of states are above the required (Q10) threshold, including Florida, Texas and Arizona.

练习 | VOA慢速:如何限制花园里的杂草生长

VOA慢速:如何限制花园里的杂草生长燕山大学 刘立军 供稿uTRANSCRIPTWeeds, the fast-growing plants that cannot be eaten and do not bring flowers, are a common problem for gardeners. Some use chemicals to kill weeds. Others pull them up by hand or with heavy machinery. Luckily, there are other ways to limit their growth.lMulchesFor starters, there are mulches which can bury weeds. Mulches are made from organic material, such as leaves, grass cuttings, and small pieces of wood, or inorganic material like plastic. They are spread over the ground in a garden to control weeds.Organic mulches break down over time so you must add more to your garden often. That is not a bad thing, because their decompositioncreates nutrients for plants and humusto keep soil wet and full of fresh air.Plastic mulch is another way to stop weeds. Common black plastic is easy to lay down. It also effectively blocks weeds and helps soil warm faster in the spring. Recent experiments with other colored plastic have shown effects on both bugs and plant growth. A reflective plastic mulch, for example, keeps some plant-eating insects away.A major problem with plastic is that it breaks apart over time, so eventually it needs to be thrown away. It also adds nothing to the soil as far as nutrients or humus. And plastic also can block air from reaching the soil.One kind of mulch that combines some of the qualities of both plastic and organic material is paper. Paper mulch is easy to lay down and eventually decomposes. However, paper adds little to the soil in terms of humus or nutrients.lBirdsFor larger gardens where the weeds are mainly grasses, a somewhat unusual way to control them is using the birds known as geese.Young geese will eat their weight in weeds every day. A small group of geese can clear weeds in half a hectare of land and keep each other company. All you need to provide is water, protection from the sun, and some additional feed. You also need barriers to keep the geese in and other animals out. One warning, though, do not plant corn or they will eat that, too.lOther ways to control weedsFinally, in addition to direct attacks on weeds, how you plant your garden can indirectly influence weed growth.For example, close spacing of plants in the garden blocks sunlight from reaching the ground and can limit weed growth. And using a watering method known as drip irrigation will direct small amounts of water to the roots of your plants instead of the weeds.Whether or not you dig up your soil also influences weed growth. Lying in soil are millions of weed seeds just waiting to be awakened by light and air.Using any or all of the methods will not permanently stop weed growth. Instead, your goal is simply to limit their growth in the garden.I'm Pete Musto.uVOCABULARY1. mulch n. 覆盖物,护根(用以保护植物根基、改善土质或防止杂草生长)2.decompositionn.分解; 腐烂3.humus n. a substance made from dead leaves and plants, added to soil to help plants grow 腐殖质uQUESTIONSListen to the news and choose the best answer to each question you hear.Q1: Which of the following can block air from reaching the soil?A. Wood mulch.B. Plastic mulch.C. Organic mulch.D. Paper mulch.Q2: Which of the following statements about geese is FALSE?A.Young geese will eat their weight in weeds every day. B. All you need to provide is water, protection from the sun, and some additional feed. C. You also need barriers to keep the geese in and other animals out. D. You can plant corn in the garden to protect geese from the sun.Q3: What is the main idea of the news?A.Weeds are a common problem for gardeners. B. Chemicals are an effective way to kill weeds. C. Pulling them up by hand is a more effective way to kill weeds.D. Any method will not permanently stop weed growth.uKEY Q1: B。细节题。命题出处:A major problem with plastic is that it breaks apart over time, so eventually it needs to be thrown away. It also adds nothing to the soil as far as nutrients or humus. And plastic also can block air from reaching the soil.Q2: D。推断题。命题出处:Young geese will eat their weight in weeds every day. A small group of geese can clear weeds in half a hectare of land and keep each other company. All you need to provide is water, protection from the sun, and some additional feed. You also need barriers to keep the geese in and other animals out. One warning, though, do not plant corn or they will eat that, too.Q3: D。推断题。命题出处:Using any or all of the methods will not permanently stop weed growth.Instead, your goal is simply to limit their growth in the garden.

练习 | CNN新闻:微软将WORD编辑英文句号后两个空格标记为错误

CNN新闻:微软将WORD编辑英文句号后两个空格标记为错误燕山大学 刘立军 供稿uTRANSCRIPTA century ago Remington, Royal and Underwood were all famous brands of what? Razors, watches, hats or typewriters. All of these companies were famous for producing typewriters which were invented in the 1800s.Back in the day when those typewriters were widely used around the world, people were taught to put two spaces in between sentences. So after you hit the period key you'd hit the spacebar twice. Here's why. Each letter printed from a typewriter took up the same amount of space, so adding the extra space after a sentence made the transition between sentences easier to read. Today though, the letters and most of the fonts we read or print have different widths. An "E" for example takes up more space than an "I". This is also intended to make text easier to read so some argue that the extra space at the end of a sentence isn't necessary anymore and several style guides from MLA to AP to the U.S. Government Printing Office suggest using only one space after a period.But if you're oldschoolor you were taught to use two spaces or you just like it that way, Microsoft will attack you. The company's newest version of Word will put one of those blue, squigglylines indicating you've made a mistake after each double space following a period. Of course you could tell Word to ignore it or just turn the feature off but who would have thought there'd be a war over spacing in the typewriter space.Adapted from http://www.kekenet.com/broadcast/202007/613510.shtmluVOCABULARY1.oldschooladj. old-fashioned or traditional 古老的;古旧的;传统的2. squigglen.(写或画的)弯弯曲曲的线条;潦草的笔迹。例如:Are these dots and squiggles supposed to be your signature? 这一堆点点画画就是你的签名吗?uQUESTIONSRead the passage. Then listen to the news and fill in the blanks with the information (words, phrases or sentences) you hear.A century ago Remington, Royal and Underwood were all famous brands of what? Razors, watches, hats or typewriters. All of these companies were famous for producing (Q1)___________ which were invented in the 1800s.Back in the day when those typewriters were widely used around the world, people were taught to put (Q2)_________________ in between sentences. So after you hit the period key you'd hit the spacebar twice. Here's why. Each letter printed from a typewriter took up the same amount of space, so adding the extra space after a sentence made the transition between sentences (Q3)___________. Today though, the letters and most of the fonts we read or print have different widths. An "E" for example takes up more space than an "I". This is also intended to make text easier to read so some (Q4)____________ that the extra space at the end of a sentence isn't (Q5)___________________ anymore and several style guides from MLA to AP to the U.S. Government Printing Office suggest using only (Q6)____________________ after a period.But if you're (Q7) _________________ or you were taught to use two spaces or you just like it that way, Microsoft will (Q8)__________________ you. The company's newest version of Word will put one of those blue, squiggly lines indicating you've made a mistake after each double space following a period. Of course you could tell Word to (Q9)_____________ it or just turn the feature off but who would have thought there'd be a (Q10)___________ over spacing in the typewriter space.uKEY Read the passage. Then listen to the news and fill in the blanks with the information (words, phrases or sentences) you hear.A century ago Remington, Royal and Underwood were all famous brands of what? Razors, watches, hats or typewriters. All of these companies were famous for producing (Q1)typewriterswhich were invented in the 1800s.Back in the day when those typewriters were widely used around the world, people were taught to put (Q2)two spacesin between sentences. So after you hit the period key you'd hit the spacebar twice. Here's why. Each letter printed from a typewriter took up the same amount of space, so adding the extra space after a sentence made the transition between sentences (Q3)easier to read. Today though, the letters and most of the fonts we read or print have different widths. An "E" for example takes up more space than an "I". This is also intended to make text easier to read so some (Q4)arguethat the extra space at the end of a sentence isn't (Q5)necessaryanymore and several style guides from MLA to AP to the U.S. Government Printing Office suggest using only (Q6)one spaceafter a period.But if you're (Q7)oldschoolor you were taught to use two spaces or you just like it that way, Microsoft will (Q8)attackyou. The company's newest version of Word will put one of those blue, squiggly lines indicating you've made a mistake after each double space following a period. Of course you could tell Word to (Q9)ignoreit or just turn the feature off but who would have thought there'd be a (Q10)warover spacing in the typewriter space.

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