“勇闯51区”——“地球人”的小欢聚

Events involving thousands of Earthlings answering an internet buzz about an invitation to “Storm Area 51” in the Nevada desert have been mostly festive. After a weekend of camping and partying, the Earthlings from around the globe headed home in peace.数千名“地球人”响应网络的号召,来到内华达州的沙漠地带参与“勇闯51区”的活动。历经一个周末的野营和派对后,参与者们平静地启程离开,在欢乐中宣告活动的收尾。Visitors hailed from France, Russia, Germany, Peru, Sweden, Australia and many U.S. states — in answer to the Internet post “Storm Area 51” in June suggesting that if enough people rushed a military base to "see them aliens" at 3 a.m. Sept. 20, authorities couldn't stop everyone. More than 2 million netizens clicked their interest, but in the end only a few thousand made the trip to the tiny Nevada desert city of Rachel, population about 50, a more than two-hour drive north of Las Vegas.专门为此次“行动”而来的游客来自世界各地,包括法国、俄罗斯、德国、秘鲁、瑞典、澳大利亚等等,当然还有美国多个州的爱好者——他们均是为了响应今年6月网上发起的“勇闯51区”的活动倡议,相约在9月20日凌晨3点在此处相约“外星人”;大家想当然地以为只要有够多的爱好者冲进该军事基地参与活动,军方便不会阻止。虽然超过200万的网民点击了“感兴趣”,但最终到场的只有数千人。据悉,要来到“据点”,参与者需要从拉斯维加斯驾车两个多小时,来到人口仅有50的雷切尔小镇。Did anyone find actual extraterrestrials or UFOs? Well, if you exclude the masked and costumed beings posing for photos and cavorting in the desert, then the answer is no. However, the participants felt a great sense of community. It started as a joke and turned out to be a joyous gathering to know each other.那么究竟有没有人看到“天外来客”或者“UFO”呢?要是你排除了现场那些游来荡去、精心打扮成外星人的爱好者,那么这个答案很显然是否定的。但是,对于参与者来说,这项活动本身就是一场外星人爱好者们欢聚的盛会。倡议提出之时便不是正儿八经的“勇闯”,而是参与者们彼此认识,沟通了解的绝佳机会。What on Earth is "Area 51"?那么,究竟什么是“51区”?For decades, Nevada's Area 51 Air Force facility has represented the eye of a conspiratorial hurricane that swirls around "evidence" that aliens exist and are hiding behind its walls. Books, TV shows, and films have tried to glimpse beyond its stark signs warning against trespassers.几十年来,内华达州的这座“51区”空军基地一直是被认为是研究“外星人”的秘密基地。大量的书籍、电视节目、电影等纷纷将关注的焦点投向它,试图透过其高高的围墙一探内部的究竟。What exactly goes on inside of Area 51 has led to decades of wild speculation. There are, of course, the alien conspiracies that galactic visitors are tucked away somewhere inside. There are plenty of rumors. Some even believe that the U.S. government filmed the 1969 moon landing in one of the base's hangars.“51区”内部究竟酝酿着什么,一直以来都引发着各种猜想。最引人注意的莫过于“外星人”一说,认为基地里藏有天外来客。谣言种种,难以求证。有些人甚至认为1969年美国登月实际上是在该区内部的某个摄影棚内拍摄完成的。For all the myths and legends, what's true is that Area 51 is real and still very active. There may not be aliens or a moon landing movie set inside those fences, but something is going on and only a select few are privy to what's happening further down that closely-monitored wind-swept Nevada road.在有关“51区”重重的神话和传闻之下,能够确定的是,它是真实存在的,且仍在活跃运行。在隔离区内或许没有外星人或者“假登月”的摄影棚,但是在这所荒凉地带的隔离区里,只有极少一部分人有权限能够进入,从事鲜为人知的工作。While the lore around Area 51 may be nothing more than imaginative fiction, that won't stop people from gawking just beyond those chain link fences. As aerospace historian Peter Merlin puts it, “at the most basic level, anytime you have something secret or forbidden, it's human nature, and you want to find out what it is.”尽管有关“51区”的传闻如幻想小说般不大可信,但依然阻止不了人们好奇的目光。就如航天历史学家彼得·梅林所说,“从根本上来看,只要是秘而不宣的事情,总是能自然而然地引起人们极大的好奇心,这其实是人性的一部分。”VOCABULARYEarthling: n. 地球人(常用于科幻小说中)extraterrestrial: n. 外星人;星外来客galactic: adj. 星系的lore: n. 传说;传闻

中餐与“英餐”

还记得英剧《唐顿庄园》吗?2015年落幕的这部好评英剧在沉寂了将近四年之后,终于“千呼万唤始出来”:全新的电影版已经在英国定档9月13日,于9月20日北美首映。众多“唐顿迷”欢呼雀跃的同时,也开启了新一轮的“怀旧杀”:高傲又迷人的大小姐玛丽,一针见血的“毒舌”老夫人,庄园内部精致无比的装饰细节,男女主人公们讲究的衣着,还有那让人羡慕到不行的“Received Pronunciation”⋯⋯当然,来到英国体验过当地生活的朋友们其实都知道,荧幕上的那些繁文缛节毕竟只是少数人生活的内容;在民众的日常生活中,大家用着一样的iPhone,捧着一样的“Costa”,穿着一样的“H&M”,毕竟在全球化普及的今天,商品经济所引领的现代生活方式已经消弭了国界构筑的硬屏障,贸易让商品在全世界流通,互联网也让信息传输扫除了地理上的障碍。然而,全球化看似横扫了各国人民的日常生活习惯,但不同国家和地区仍然保留着其各具特色的文化内核。就以“吃”为例,国人难以理解西方人对“发霉”芝士的痴迷,对方也难以理解我们对“千年蛋”(Thousand-year Egg)——皮蛋的执著。我们或许会嫌刀叉麻烦,人家也会怪中餐油腻⋯⋯而面对文化差异性,相互理解、包容并取才是不同文化间应有的姿态。正如我们公众号先前讨论过的,英国的食文化也别具一番特色,除了精美的下午茶点,还有约克郡布丁、哈吉斯等传统名菜。今天我们就通过中英美食文化的对比,来看看两国在饮食习惯、理念和菜式安排上的种种不同。敬请收看微课British Food and Chinese Food,来一探两国饮食上的差异。

比较结构之辨析

在英语中,仅仅用两个字母组成的单词便能有极其复杂的用法,比如of、it、at、on、be,还比如说我们今天要讲的——as。虽然是个“小不点”,但它足够“精灵古怪,变化多端”,介词连词副词样样都能当,用法有很多讲究——扫一眼字典就知道——那是洋洋洒洒几十行都讲不完的复杂。要说“as”最有意思的用法,或许就属作副词时用的“as…as”结构了。你会想到“as old as”是“与……年纪一样大”;“as well as”有“和、以及”之意;“as long as”除了本意“与……一样长”之外,还有着“只要……就……”的引申义……归根到底,“as…as”结构是比较结构(comparative structures)中的典型代表之一。与中文中“什么比什么高/低/长/短”的道理不同,英文中的比较结构明显复杂得多,就以“as”为例,除了基本用法“as…as”,还有其否定形式“not so/as…as”、“as much/many…as”、“as+adj.原级+名词词组+as分句”等等变体。再者,与“as…as”结构较为相似,常常在作文和翻译中“大放异彩”的比较结构还有“the more…, the more…”结构,意为“越……就越……”,其中比较级标志“more”还需要根据形容词本身是否具有比较级形式进行灵活变化。可见,这“比较结构”比我们想象的要复杂不少,想要真正掌握好它的用法,仍需要投入不少的精力。今天,我们的微课就将聚焦比较结构,进行一次完整的梳理,辨明用法,融会贯通——敬请收看“Comparative Structures”。

练习 | VOA慢速:吃巧克力能改善视力吗

VOA慢速:吃巧克力能改善视力吗燕山大学 刘立军 编写 TRANSCRIPTResearchers have sad news for chocolate lovers. They found that eating dark chocolate does not improve people's eyesight as had been thought.An earlier report suggested that some aspects of eyesight improved within one or two hours of eating chocolate. The new study found no changes in vision or blood flow after volunteers ate about 20 grams of dark chocolate. Both studies, however, involved only a small number of test subjects.With two similar-sized tests producing opposite results, "more research is needed," said the organizers of the latest study. The lead researcher was Jacob Siedlecki of Ludwig-Maximilians-University in Munich, Germany.Additional testing with larger sample sizes would be needed to rule in or out possible long-term benefits," the researchers wrote. Their report appears in the medical publication JAMA Ophthalmology.The reason for suspecting dark chocolate might help with vision is that the sweet treat has plenty of flavonoids, which are antioxidants.Antioxidants are man-made or natural substances that may prevent or delay some forms of cell damage. Studies have shown that foods with high levels of antioxidants can reduce the risk of an age-related vision problem called macular degeneration.To see if the earlier study on chocolate could be repeated, Siedlecki and his team found 22 healthy volunteers, ages 20 to 62, who had good eyesight.The volunteers were asked to eat either a 20-gram piece of dark chocolate or a 7.5-gram piece of milk chocolate. The piece of dark chocolate contained 400 milligrams of flavanoids, while the milk chocolate had about 5 milligrams of flavanoids.Volunteers' eyes were examined with a relatively new, high-tech scanner that shows blood vessels in detail. The volunteers were tested before they ate the chocolate and again two hours later.Siedlecki's team was looking for signs that the chocolate had enlarged blood vessels in the eye. This means volunteers were getting better blood flow.Volunteers were also given low-technology vision tests similar to the ones used in the earlier chocolate study.A week after the test, the people who got dark chocolate the first time were given milk chocolate, and those who had milk chocolate the first time were given dark chocolate.The researchers said they found no difference in either test when volunteers ate dark chocolate or milk chocolate.Doctor Gareth Lema was a little sad to read the latest findings. "I like chocolate," he explained.While the new study failed to show any health benefit to eating a single piece of chocolate, "that doesn't mean eating it over the long term isn't beneficial," said Lema. He works at the New York Eye and Ear Infirmary of Mount Sinai in New York City."Neither study really showed that if you eat a piece of chocolate, you'll have (great) vision," Lema added.Doctor Jay Chhablani agreed."Someone has to do a long-term study comparing dark chocolate to milk chocolate," he said. Chhablani is an associate professor of ophthalmology at the University of Pittsburgh School of Medicine.Both men know it will be easy to find volunteers.I'm Susan Shand.Adapted from http://www.kekenet.com/broadcast/201910/596151.shtml VOCABULARY1. ophthalmology n. (不可数名词) the scientific study of the eye and its diseases 眼科学2. flavonoids n. (医)黄酮类3. antioxidant n. (biology 生) a substance such as vitamin C or E that removes dangerous molecules , etc., such as free radicals from the body 抗氧化物质(如维生素C或E,可消除体内自由基等有害分子)4. macular adj. 有斑点的 QUESTIONSRead the following statements and decide whether they are true or false. 1. Researchers found that eating dark chocolate does not improve people's eyesight as had been thought. 2. An earlier report suggested that some aspects of eyesight improved within one or two hours of eating chocolate. 3. Both study involved only a small number of test subjects. 4. The reason for suspecting dark chocolate might help with vision is that the sweet treat has plenty of flavonoids, which are antioxidants. 5. Antioxidants are man-made or natural substances that may prevent or delay some forms of cell damage. 6. Studies haven’t shown that foods with high levels of antioxidants can reduce the risk of an age-related vision problem called macular degeneration. 7. The researchers said they found some difference in both tests when volunteers ate dark chocolate or milk chocolate. KEYRead the following statements and decide whether they are true or false.T 1. Researchers found that eating dark chocolate does not improve people's eyesight as had been thought.T 2. An earlier report suggested that some aspects of eyesight improved within one or two hours of eating chocolate.F 3. Neither study involved only a small number of test subjects. (正确表达) Both studies involved only a small number of test subjects.T 4. The reason for suspecting dark chocolate might help with vision is that the sweet treat has plenty of flavonoids, which are antioxidants.T 5. Antioxidants are man-made or natural substances that may prevent or delay some forms of cell damage.F 6. Studies haven’t shown that foods with high levels of antioxidants can reduce the risk of an age-related vision problem called macular degeneration. (正确表达) Studies have shown that foods with high levels of antioxidants can reduce the risk of an age-related vision problem called macular degeneration.F 7. The researchers said they found some difference in both tests when volunteers ate dark chocolate or milk chocolate. (正确表达) The researchers said they found no difference in either test when volunteers ate dark chocolate or milk chocolate.

练习 | VOA慢速:4种保存食物的方法

VOA慢速:4种保存食物的方法燕山大学 刘立军 编写 TRANSCRIPTWhen you preserve food, you are taking action to stop it from breaking down, as it does naturally. You are killing or preventing the growth of microorganisms.Today, we will explore how you can preserve some of the fresh produce you buy or grow. By following a few easy steps, you can still eat those tasty fruits and vegetables when they are out of season.You can preserve late-summer fruits and vegetables in four basic ways. These include freezing, canning, pickling and drying or dehydrating. FreezingFreezing is the simplest way to save produce. It is important to freeze the produce as quickly as possible, and to do so in freeze-grade bags or other containers. Eugenia Bone has written books about food and nature. She notes that you should cool down food before you freeze it. One problem to avoid is freezer burn, which can affect the taste and feel of food. To prevent this, use plastic bags, wraps or containers designed for the freezer.Good late-summer produce to freeze includes green beans, cabbage, apples and plums. CanningThere are two main ways to can produce: boiling hot water baths and pressure canning. A boiling water bath involves putting food in glass canning jars and then heating the jars in a pot of boiling water. The heat forces air from the glass jars and frees the food from bacteria and microorganisms. You can then seal the jars. This method works best with naturally acidic foods like fruits. Pressure canning food requires a pressure canner. The pressure canner you use should be based on the kind of cooking equipment you have and the amount of food you plan to can. Whichever method you use, always test the seal that keeps out fresh air.Good late-summer fruits for water bath canning include apples, berries, cherries, figs and peaches. Good foods for pressure canning include carrots, corn, okra and bell peppers. PicklingThere are many methods of preserving food in vinegar, salt brine or a similar mixture. You can pickle whole vegetables, like green beans or okra. Another possibility is to make chutney or relishes. This is done by adding salt, pepper or other seasonings to small, cut pieces of vegetables.Good late-summer foods to pickle include cucumbers, hot chili peppers, watermelon rinds and eggplants. DryingA final way to preserve food is by drying it. Whatever food you are drying should be just ready to eat and not have bruises. When drying, try to find specific directions for each food to ensure quality and safety.Drying methods include air drying, oven drying and using a dehydrator. A dehydrator is probably the best choice. If you think you will be drying foods regularly, think about investing in an electric dehydrator.Good late-summer produce to dehydrate includes apples, mushrooms, grapes and hot and sweet peppers.I'm John Russell. And I'm Anne Ball.Adapted from http://www.kekenet.com/broadcast/201909/594959.shtml VOCABULARY1. microorganism n. 微生物 A micro-organism is a very small living thing which you can only see if you use a microscope.2. produce n. (不可数名词) things that have been made or grown, especially things connected with farming 产品;(尤指)农产品。例如:farm produce农产品3. freezer burn n. 冷冻食品表面干燥变硬,(冷)冻灼(伤)4. fig n. a soft sweet fruit that is full of small seeds and often eaten dried 无花果。例如:a fig tree无花果树5. okra n. (不可数名词) (ladies' fingers) the green seed cases of the okra plant, eaten as a vegetable 秋葵荚(可食用)6. salt brine卤水7. chutney n. (不可数名词) a cold thick sauce made from fruit, sugar, spices, and vinegar , eaten with cold meat, cheese, etc. 酸辣酱8. relish n. (不可数名词, 可数名词) a cold thick spicy sauce made from fruit and vegetables that have been boiled, that is served with meat, cheese, etc. 风味佐料(用水果和蔬菜煮后制成的冷稠酱汁)9. watermelon rinds西瓜皮10. bruise n. a mark on a fruit or vegetable where it is damaged(水果或蔬菜的)碰伤,伤痕11. dehydrator n. 脱水器; 除水器12. dehydrate v. to remove the water from sth., especially food, in order to preserve it 使(食物)脱水 QUESTIONSTASK IListen to the news and choose the best answer to each question you hear.(Q1) What’s the simplest way to save produce?(A) Freezing.(B) Canning.(C) Pickling(D) Drying.(Q2) Which method works best with naturally acidic foods like fruits?(A) Freezing.(B) Canning.(C) Pickling(D) Drying.(Q3) What’s probably the best choice of drying?(A) Air drying.(B) Oven drying.(C) Using a dehydrator.(D) Using a washing machine.TASK IIRead the table. Then listen to the news and complete the table.4 Common Ways to Preserve Food WAYS DETAILS1 Freezing  Freezing is the simplest way to save produce. It is important to freeze the produce (Q1) __________________________, and to do so in freeze-grade bags or other containers. Eugenia Bone has written books about food and nature. She notes that you should (Q2) _____________________ food before you freeze it. One problem to avoid is (Q3) __________________, which can affect the taste and feel of food. To prevent this, use plastic bags, wraps or containers designed for the freezer. Good late-summer produce to freeze includes green beans, (Q4) ______________, apples and plums.2 Canning  There are two main ways to can produce: boiling hot water baths and pressure canning. (Q5) ____________________________ involves putting food in glass canning jars and then heating the jars in a pot of boiling water. The heat forces air from the glass jars and frees the food from bacteria and microorganisms. You can then (Q6) _______________ the jars. This method works best with naturally acidic foods like fruits. (Q7) _________________ food requires a pressure canner. The pressure canner you use should be based on the kind of cooking equipment you have and the amount of food you plan to can. Whichever method you use, always test the seal that (Q8) ___________________________. Good late-summer fruits for water bath canning include apples, berries, (Q9) ________________________, figs and peaches. Good foods for pressure canning include (Q10) ____________________, corn, okra and bell peppers.3 Pickling  There are many methods of preserving food in (Q11) _______________, salt brine or a similar mixture. You can pickle whole vegetables, like green beans or okra. Another possibility is to make chutney or relishes. This is done by adding salt, pepper or other seasonings to small, cut pieces of vegetables. Good late-summer foods to pickle include (Q12) ____________________, hot chili peppers, watermelon rinds and eggplants.4 Drying  A final way to preserve food is by drying it. Whatever food you are drying should be just ready to eat and not have bruises. When drying, try to find specific directions for each food to ensure (Q13) ____________________________. Drying methods include air drying, oven drying and using a dehydrator. A (Q14) _______________________________ is probably the best choice. If you think you will be drying foods regularly, think about investing in an electric dehydrator. Good late-summer produce to dehydrate includes apples, (Q15) _______________, grapes and hot and sweet peppers. KEYTASK IListen to the news and choose the best answer to each question you hear.(Q1) A。(命题出处) You can preserve late-summer fruits and vegetables in four basic ways. These include freezing, canning, pickling and drying or dehydrating. Freezing is the simplest way to save produce.(Q2) B。(命题出处) There are two main ways to can produce: boiling hot water baths and pressure canning. A boiling water bath involves putting food in glass canning jars and then heating the jars in a pot of boiling water. The heat forces air from the glass jars and frees the food from bacteria and microorganisms. You can then seal the jars. This method works best with naturally acidic foods like fruits.(Q3) C。(命题出处) Drying methods include air drying, oven drying and using a dehydrator. A dehydrator is probably the best choice.TASK IIRead the table. Then listen to the news and complete the table.4 Common Ways to Preserve Food WAYS DETAILS1 Freezing  Freezing is the simplest way to save produce. It is important to freeze the produce (Q1) as quickly as possible, and to do so in freeze-grade bags or other containers. Eugenia Bone has written books about food and nature. She notes that you should (Q2) cool down food before you freeze it. One problem to avoid is (Q3) freezer burn, which can affect the taste and feel of food. To prevent this, use plastic bags, wraps or containers designed for the freezer. Good late-summer produce to freeze includes green beans, (Q4) cabbage, apples and plums.2 Canning  There are two main ways to can produce: boiling hot water baths and pressure canning. (Q5) A boiling water bath involves putting food in glass canning jars and then heating the jars in a pot of boiling water. The heat forces air from the glass jars and frees the food from bacteria and microorganisms. You can then (Q6) seal the jars. This method works best with naturally acidic foods like fruits. (Q7) Pressure canning food requires a pressure canner. The pressure canner you use should be based on the kind of cooking equipment you have and the amount of food you plan to can. Whichever method you use, always test the seal that (Q8) keeps out fresh air. Good late-summer fruits for water bath canning include apples, berries, (Q9) cherries, figs and peaches. Good foods for pressure canning include (Q10) carrots, corn, okra and bell peppers.3 Pickling  There are many methods of preserving food in (Q11) vinegar, salt brine or a similar mixture. You can pickle whole vegetables, like green beans or okra. Another possibility is to make chutney or relishes. This is done by adding salt, pepper or other seasonings to small, cut pieces of vegetables. Good late-summer foods to pickle include (Q12) cucumbers, hot chili peppers, watermelon rinds and eggplants.4 Drying  A final way to preserve food is by drying it. Whatever food you are drying should be just ready to eat and not have bruises. When drying, try to find specific directions for each food to ensure (Q13) quality and safety. Drying methods include air drying, oven drying and using a dehydrator. A (Q14) dehydrator is probably the best choice. If you think you will be drying foods regularly, think about investing in an electric dehydrator. Good late-summer produce to dehydrate includes apples, (Q15) mushrooms, grapes and hot and sweet peppers.

练习 | VOA慢速:智能手机数据或将拯救母亲和孩子生命

VOA慢速:智能手机数据或将拯救母亲和孩子生命燕山大学 刘立军 编写 TRANSCRIPTA new project in India and Uganda is aimed at helping health workers save the lives of mothers and babies with information from electronic devices.The $100 million project is funded by the Rockefeller Foundation, the World Health Organization, UNICEF, the World Bank and other groups. Officials plan to extend the project to a total of 10 countries. The goal is to prevent the premature deaths of 6 million women and children by 2030.Raj Shah is president of the Rockefeller Foundation, which leads the project. The group is providing $60 million of the $100 million total cost. Shah said the plan is to give health workers low-cost tools to help them gather the information they need to help communities and families most at risk.The project will provide tools such as real-time risk maps to help health workers reach mothers and children. Workers also will be able to study non-health data on climate or social media patterns to predict and prepare for local disease outbreaks or health emergencies.Shah told Reuters, "A few years ago, these community health workers had no real technology, today the vast majority of them have smartphones with data and software technologies in their hands - and with those, we can help them do their work better."A U.N. report published last week stated that more women and newborn babies survive now than ever before. But, the report said that a baby or a pregnant woman still dies every 11 seconds somewhere in the world.Deaths of mothers are nearly 50 times higher for women in sub-Saharan Africa than in wealthy countries. The report also found that babies in Sub-Saharan Africa are 10 times more likely to die in their first month of life.I'm Jonathan Evans.Adapted from http://www.kekenet.com/broadcast/201909/595691.shtml VOCABULARY1. premature adj. (of a birth or a baby 生产或婴儿) happening or being born before the normal length of pregnancy has been completed 早产的。例如:The baby was four weeks premature. 这个婴儿早产了四周。2. outbreak n. the sudden start of sth. unpleasant, especially violence or a disease (暴力、疾病等坏事的)爆发,突然发生。例如: the outbreak of war战争的爆发 an outbreak of typhoid伤寒的爆发 Outbreaks of rain are expected in the afternoon. 下午将有暴雨。 QUESTIONSRead the following statements and decide whether they are true or false.( ) 1. The $100 million project is funded by the Rockefeller Foundation exclusively.( ) 2. The goal is to prevent the premature deaths of 16 million women and children by 2030.( ) 3. Shah said the plan is to give health workers advanced tools to help them gather the information they need to help communities and families most at risk.( ) 4. The project will provide tools such as real-time risk maps to help health workers reach mothers and children.( ) 5. Workers also will be able to study non-health data on climate or social media patterns to predict and prepare for local disease outbreaks or health emergencies.( ) 6. A U.N. report published last month stated that more women and newborn babies survive now than ever before.( ) 7. The report showed that a baby or a pregnant woman still dies every 11 seconds somewhere in Africa.( ) 8. Deaths of mothers are nearly 50 times higher for women in sub-Saharan Africa than in America.( ) 9. The report also found that babies in Sub-Saharan Africa are 10 times more likely to die in their first month of life. KEYRead the following statements and decide whether they are true or false.(F) 1. The $100 million project is funded by the Rockefeller Foundation exclusively. (正确表达) The $100 million project is funded by the Rockefeller Foundation, the World Health Organization, UNICEF, the World Bank and other groups.(F) 2. The goal is to prevent the premature deaths of 16 million women and children by 2030. (正确表达) The goal is to prevent the premature deaths of 6 million women and children by 2030.(F) 3. Shah said the plan is to give health workers advanced tools to help them gather the information they need to help communities and families most at risk. (正确表达) Shah said the plan is to give health workers low-cost tools to help them gather the information they need to help communities and families most at risk.(T) 4. The project will provide tools such as real-time risk maps to help health workers reach mothers and children.(T) 5. Workers also will be able to study non-health data on climate or social media patterns to predict and prepare for local disease outbreaks or health emergencies.(F) 6. A U.N. report published last month stated that more women and newborn babies survive now than ever before. (正确表达) A U.N. report published last week stated that more women and newborn babies survive now than ever before.(F) 7. The report showed that a baby or a pregnant woman still dies every 11 seconds somewhere in Africa. (正确表达) The report showed that a baby or a pregnant woman still dies every 11 seconds somewhere in the world.(F) 8. Deaths of mothers are nearly 50 times higher for women in sub-Saharan Africa than in America. (正确表达) Deaths of mothers are nearly 50 times higher for women in sub-Saharan Africa than in wealthy countries.(T) 9. The report also found that babies in Sub-Saharan Africa are 10 times more likely to die in their first month of life.

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