双语阅读 | 为什么一读书就犯困?

为什么一读书就犯困?Why Does Reading Make You Sleepy?王淑怡 供稿Most people enjoy reading a good book after a long day or over the weekends. However, do you ever notice how you start feeling sleepy three pages into a book no matter how exciting it is? If you can relate to this, you are not alone. So what is it about reading that can make us conk out?多数人都喜欢在漫漫长日的结尾或周末时光阅读一本好书。但你是否留意到,不管这本书多么精彩,你刚翻几页就会困意来袭?如果确实如此,其实像你这样的人为数不少。那么,我们到底为什么一读书就犯困呢?The act of reading requires regular eye movement as your eyes follow the words across the page. It also requires brain power as your brain interprets the letters your eyes see and convertsthem into meaningful words, sentences, and paragraphs. As your brain works hard and your eye muscles tire, it's only natural that they would need rest, leading to eyes slowly closing and sleep taking over.The concentration required to processevery word can be pretty exhausting, too, especially if your chosen tomeis dense. And reading line after line of anything can make you feel like giving your eyes a break.阅读行为要求眼睛随着文字在页面上进行有规律的眼球运动。阅读还需要动脑,因为大脑需要解释你所看到的字母,并将它们转换成有意义的单词、句子和段落。由于大脑在努力工作,眼部肌肉也会感到疲劳,它们自然而然想要休息,这时我们的眼睛就慢慢睁不开了,开始昏昏欲睡。逐字阅读需要集中注意力,这也特别劳心费神,尤其在读一本文字密密麻麻的大部头时。不论读什么书,一行又一行地看下来,都会让你想给眼睛放个假。The environment you create could be a big reason. People generally create a cosyand comfortable atmosphere that is quiet while they read. Experts say these are the very same conditions that are perfect for sleep. Reading is also a great way to escape from all your troubling thoughts as it helps you put your mind at ease. Reading is one of those activities that can be enjoyable and relaxing, which can help to put the mind and body in a calm state. This calm state can cause you to feel sleepy.你创造的阅读环境也可能是导致犯困的一大原因。人们通常会营造安静、舒适的阅读氛围。专家认为这些条件也很适合睡眠。阅读是摆脱烦恼的绝佳方式,因为它能让你放松心情。阅读会令人轻松愉悦,让你的身心平静下来,进而让你感到困倦。If you have a book that you really need to finish or you simply want to read longer without falling asleep, there are some techniques you can use. First, find a place to read that's comfortable, but not too comfortable.如果你需要读完一本书,或者仅仅想阅读时不犯困的话,可以试试这几种方法。首先,找一个舒适的地方阅读,但切忌过于舒适。Rather than lying down on your back, sit up in a comfortable chair, so you don’t feel like drifting offto sleep. Use lighting to reduce eye strain. Also make sure that the temperature isn't too hot. Reading in an environment that's too warm can make you sleepy.与其躺着看书,不如坐在一把舒服的椅子上看书,这样你就不会不知不觉睡过去。保证照明充足,减少眼睛疲劳。还要确保室温不要太高,在温暖的环境中阅读会让你昏昏欲睡。If you anticipate trouble staying awake and you really need to finish that book before bed, try waking yourself up before you start reading. Do some light exercise, drink a caffeinatedbeverage, or take a cool shower. If you're more alert when you start reading, you're more likely to make it to the end of that book!如果你感觉实在难以保持清醒,而且必须要在睡前读完那本书,试着在阅读前振奋精神。做少量运动,喝一杯含咖啡因的饮料,或者洗个冷水澡。你在开始阅读时越清醒,就越有可能坚持读完这本书!【VOCABULARY】1.conk out入睡;睡着2.convert v.(使)转变,(使)转换3.processv.审阅,审核,处理(文件、请求等)4.tome n.大部头巨著5.cosyadj.舒适的;惬意的6.drift off迷迷糊糊地睡去7.caffeinatedadj. 含咖啡因的(封面图片来源于摄图网,版权归摄图网所有)

双语阅读 | 梦境如何反映健康

梦境如何反映健康What Your Dreams Reveal About Your Health王淑怡 供稿Have you ever wondered why we dream? Rosalind Cartwright, Ph.D., saysthat dreams are the way the brain "incorporates memories, solves problems and deals with emotions. In this way, dreams are essential for our emotional health."你是否思考过,我们为什么会做梦呢?罗莎琳德·卡特赖特博士认为,梦是大脑“储存记忆、解决问题和处理情感的一种方式。因此,梦对我们的心理健康至关重要。”While dreaming is an important and necessary physiological phenomenon to help with our memory and mental health, dreams can also indicate other health issues that might need our attention. From nightmaresto the frequency of dreams, we can learn a lot ofinformationfrom our nocturnaladventures.做梦是一种重要且必不可少的生理现象,有助于我们加强记忆、保持心理健康,但梦境也能提醒我们需要警惕健康问题。从做噩梦到做梦的频率,我们可以从夜晚的梦境中了解到不少信息。Nightmares can be a warning sign噩梦或提示健康有恙There's nothing worse than waking from a nightmare in a cold sweat, heart pounding and nerves rattled. While a nightmare from time to time is generally not anything to worry about, frequent nightmares can indicate something more serious is going on with your health. One study found that nightmares can be linked to heart disease, with an irregular heartbeatincreasing your risk of nightmares even more. This is because heart disease can decrease the amount of oxygen reaching your brain, which can trigger a nightmare.没有什么比从噩梦中惊醒,吓出一身冷汗,让你心惊肉跳、神经紧张更加糟糕的了。偶尔做噩梦通常无需担心,但经常做噩梦可能表明你的健康出现了问题。一项研究发现,做噩梦与心脏病之间存在关联,而心律不齐会增加做噩梦的风险。这是由于心脏病会减少进入大脑的氧气量并导致做噩梦。Another possible cause of nightmares issleep apnea, a chronic conditionthat can really mess with your REM sleep due to lack of oxygen. "Patients have had terrifying dreams of drowning or suffocation," says William Kohler, MD, medical director of the Florida Sleep Institute, "in reality, their airwayis blocked off."导致噩梦的另一因素或为“睡眠呼吸暂停”。这是一种慢性疾病,由于呼吸暂停,快速眼动睡眠(REM)会因为缺氧而被严重扰乱。美国佛罗里达睡眠研究所医学博士威廉·科勒指出,“曾经有病人梦见溺水或窒息的可怕情景,而在现实生活中,他们出现了呼吸道堵塞。”Dream frequency may point to a number of conditions频繁做梦可能反映了一系列问题Most people have about four to six dreams every night, but don't remember near that many. Interestingly, we're more likely to remember dreams if we wake up rightbefore the dream is over, or soon after it. Mood disorders like anxiety and depression might be a cause of increased dream frequency. If you are concerned, you might try keeping a journal by your bed and noting the frequency of your dreams. Although you might not think you are suffering from a mood disorder, the frequency of your dreams might say otherwise.大多数人每天晚上都会做4-6个梦,但却记不住这么多的梦。有趣的是,如果我们在梦境正要结束前或者梦境结束后立即醒来,我们就更有可能记住梦的内容。焦虑和抑郁等情绪障碍可能会导致频繁做梦。如果你常有心事,可以尝试在床头写写日记,记录做梦的频率。即使你可能不觉得自己有情绪上的障碍,但做梦的频率往往便能说明问题。Vivid dreams andbizarre dreams 生动和怪诞的梦境Vivid dreams may arise for a variety of reasons. They may indicate you are suffering from certain medical conditions, which might include neurodegenerativedisorders like Parkinson's disease. There are other, less frightening reasons for your weird dreams as well, so don't jump to conclusions too quickly.造成梦境栩栩如生的因素有很多。它们或许表明你患有某些疾病,其中可能包括帕金森病等神经退行性疾病。也有些不那么可怕的原因会导致怪异梦境的产生,所以不要太快下结论。This may come as a surprise to you, but particularly bizarre or memorable dreams might also indicate a possible infection. "Any infection increases the amount of slow-wave sleepwe have, however, this delays the starting point of when we enter dreaming sleep, so dreaming sleep starts late, and can erupt into consciousness. This leads to vivid dreams and strange hallucinations," saysDr. Patrick McNamara, a neurologistfrom Boston University Medical School.虽然这听起来非常离奇,但特别怪异荒诞或者令人记忆犹新的梦境可能表明你体内存在病菌感染。美国波士顿大学医学院神经病学家帕特里克·麦克纳马拉博士表示,“人体受到病菌感染时,处于慢波睡眠的时间会增加,但有梦睡眠会延后,容易使睡梦进入有意识的状态,导致栩栩如生和离奇怪诞的梦境产生。Alcohol can also prompt vivid and memorable dreams. This is because the effects of alcohol wear off toward morning, affecting your brain chemicals and triggering bizarre dreams.酒精也可以诱发生动且难忘的梦境。这是由于临近早晨,酒精的作用逐渐减弱,大脑化学物质水平会受到影响,导致怪诞梦境的产生。【VOCABULARY】1.nocturnaladj.夜间发生的2.nightmaren.噩梦3.rattlev.使紧张;使恐惧4.heartbeatn.心跳;心搏;心跳声5.sleep apnea睡眠呼吸暂停6.REM sleep快速眼动睡眠7.suffocationn.窒息;闷死8.airwayn. 气道9.neurodegenerativeadj.神经退行性的10.slow-wave sleep慢波睡眠11.hallucinationn. 幻觉12.neurologistn. 神经病学家(封面图片来源于摄图网,版权归摄图网所有)

双语阅读 | 为什么我们在洗澡时会灵感乍现?

为什么我们在洗澡时会灵感乍现?Why Do We Have Our Best Ideas in the Shower?王淑怡 供稿You are in the shower. The water sounds like a gentle, rainy static. Suddenly, you're hit with a flash of brilliance. Maybe it's the answer to a vexing problem at work, the location of your lost USB drive, or perhaps it's just a random, inconsequential (yet totally satisfying) insight.你站在花洒下,听着淅淅沥沥的水声,突然间,你灵光闪现。也许是工作上遇到的难题有了好的解决办法,或者你突然想起了U盘忘在了哪里,又或者你随机想到了一个无关紧要但令人十分满意的新点子。But, by the time you towel off, the idea already has spiraled away down the drain. We all get these kinds of thoughts, and they don't just happen in the shower. Long drives, short walks, even something like pulling weeds, all seem to have the right mix of monotony and engagement to trigger a revelation. They also happen to be activities where it's difficult to take notes. Once you realize them, introducing a pen and paper can sterilize the effort.但是,等你洗完澡、擦干身子,这些想法已经随着水流一起消失了。我们都曾有过这样的天降灵感,它们不仅仅诞生于淋浴间。长途驾车、饭后散步,甚至是除草时——这些时刻都有些单调乏味,但又需要一定的专注力,刚好适合灵感的诞生。而且出现这些灵感时,你手边没有任何东西可以将之付诸笔端。一旦你意识到灵感来了,准备好纸笔也无济于事了。Why do we get these random insights? Psychologists have a theory that describes a mental state that seems to foment these kinds of thoughts. It's called the default mode network. "You become less aware of your environment and more aware of your internal thoughts,” said John Kounios, a psychologist at Drexel University in Philadelphia.那我们为什么会灵感乍现?心理学家将产生这种灵感的精神状态称为大脑的默认模式网络(DMN)。“在这种状态下,你对周遭环境的敏感度减弱了,内心的想法会变得清晰活跃起来。”美国费城德雷塞尔大学的心理学家约翰·库尼奥斯说。Kounios explains that our brains typically catalog things by their context: Windows are parts of buildings, and the stars belong in the night sky. When we’re focused on a specific task our thinking tends to be linear. He uses the example of a railway. You walk by them every day with hardly a second thought. But when your brain starts to roam, your thoughts will go off the rails. As ideas become untethered, they are free to bump up against other ideas they've never had the chance to encounter, increasing the likelihood of creative webs.库尼奥斯解释道,大脑是按事物所属环境来分类的。比如说,窗户属于建筑,星星属于夜空。当我们思考某个特定事件时,大脑会呈现单一线性的思路。他以地铁为例。你每天都步行经过地铁,不假思索。但一旦你中途走了神,思绪就会天马行空。当这些想法挣脱了束缚,就可能与原本不可能接触的其他想法相互碰撞,这时,就更可能诞生创意。“Not having an explicit task is the main ingredient for random insights,” Kounios said. “Once you have a pen and paper there, it’s not really your mind wandering.”“产生随机灵感最重要的一点是,不能有明确的任务,”库尼奥斯表示,“一旦你拿了纸笔,大脑就停止漫游了。”That doesn’t mean your eureka moments are doomed to be flushed away. Kounios says if you keep your recording method out of sight (yet within reach), your mind won’t be waylaid by external pressure on its way to free association. This could be a water-proof notepad for your shower, or a voice-activated recording app for the car.但这并不意味着,我们只能眼看这些欣喜的时刻化为泡影。库尼奥斯建议,把你的记录工具放在看不到又触手可及的地方,这样,你的思绪就能轻松地自由碰撞,而不会被半路拦截了。可以试试在淋浴间放个防水笔记本,或在汽车里安装一个声控录音应用。【VOCABULARY】1.vexing adj. 令人烦恼的2.inconsequential adj. 不重要的,微不足道的3.towel off 擦干,揩干4.spiral v. 螺旋式移动5.monotony n. 单调乏味,千篇一律6.revelation n. 令人惊喜的发现;被揭示的真相7.sterilize v. 使…不起作用8.foment v. 引发;煽动9.untethered adj. 不被绳索捆缚的10.bump up against 触碰到11.eureka int. (因找到某物,尤指问题的答案而高兴)我发现了,我找到了12.waylay v. 拦截;伏击(封面图片来源于摄图网,版权归摄图网所有)

练习 | 百年新征程——乡村振兴展宏愿

百年新征程——乡村振兴展宏愿The Vitalization of The Countryside刘立军 供稿TRANSCRIPTPresident Xi Jinping rightly celebrates the success of China’s "targeted poverty alleviation campaign," which by the end of last year, 2020, had brought about 100 million of the intractablypoor out of extreme poverty. For China to achieve "The Chinese Dream" of national rejuvenation, eliminating extreme poverty was necessary, but it was not sufficient. China must continue to fight poverty by reducing still-substantial relative poverty and close the still-excessive wealth gap, primarily between rural and urban areas. Enhancing rural standards of living exemplifiesChina's long-range vision to the years 2035 and 2050, when China's goal is to become a "fully modernized, socialist nation." And President Xi allows no delay in making the historic transition from poverty alleviation to rural vitalization.Without the vitalization of the countryside, there can be no social stability, no common prosperity, no national rejuvenation. But while grand visions are formulated by central leadership, they must be implemented by local, grassrootsofficials, and this is especially true of rural vitalization. Under President Xi, China defines its national goal of becoming a "fully modernized, socialist nation" as being prosperous, strong, democratic, culturally advanced, harmonious and beautiful. Actualizing these adjectives largely depends on the success of rural vitalization, which in turn depends on the grassroots officials who implement the programs - officials whose challenges include constantly "on the road," little rest, low welfare, minimum opportunities for promotion - plus complaints from villagers below and pressures from officials above. That's why new policies promote the care of grassroots officials: easing their burdens by fighting pointless formalities, reducing the number of meetings, providing incentives for serving the people including salary guarantees and opportunities for career advancement. It has become a tradition in China that the first document issued by the CPC Central Committee and the State Council each year, dubbed the "No.1 Central Document" indicating policy priority, concerns the modernization of agriculture and rural areas. In 2021, the "No. 1 Central Document," with nine in-depth chapters, calls for "organizational vitalization" to achieve rural vitalization, thereby ensuring the supply of major agricultural products, stabilizing the sown area of grain, improving the yield per unit area, accelerating scientific and technological projects in agricultural biological breeding, promoting green and healthy aquaculture, and optimizing the trade of agricultural products. To achieve these goals, the Document calls for strengthening the Party's leadership over agriculture, rural areas and farmers, improving rural governance, building grassroots cadreteams, providing disputeresolution mechanisms, and bolstering the village-level collective economy. It exhorts grassroots officials to go deep into the fields and farmhouses to listen to the voices of the masses and to understand their needs. Grassroots problems impeding the building of a prosperous countryside include the quality of rural industries, infrastructure, public services, civilized culture, ecology and governance. The Document also warned against promoting benefit-induced indolence, requiring officials to promote low-income people's "will" and "intellect" to improve their own lives. China's grand vision goes to 2035 and 2050, when standards of living in rural and urban areas should be roughly equal. By 2035, achieving basic modernization of agriculture and rural areas including equal access to basic public services; by 2050, rural areas should have robust agriculture, beautiful landscapes and prosperous farmers. It's a grand vision, but a tall order.I'm keeping Watch. I'm Robert Lawrence Kuhn.VOCABULARY1. intractableadj. very difficult to deal with 很难对付(或处理)的2. rejuvenate v. to make sb./sth. look or feel younger or more lively 使年轻;使更有活力3. exemplify v.to be a typical example of sth. 是……的典型(或典范、榜样)。例如:His food exemplifies Italian cooking at its best.他的菜肴代表了意大利烹饪的最高峰。4. grassrootsadj. 基层的; 乡村的5. aquaculturen. the growing of plants in water for food 水产养殖(业)6. cadren. a small group of people who are specially chosen and trained for a particular purpose 骨干(队伍)7. disputen. an argument or a disagreement between two people, groups or countries; discussion about a subject where there is disagreement争端;纠纷。例如:industrial/pay disputes劳资 / 工资纠纷8. indolencen. laziness懒惰;怠惰QUESTIONSRead the passage. Then listen to the news and fill in the blanks with the information (words, phrases or sentences) you hear.President Xi Jinping rightly celebrates the success of China’s "targeted poverty alleviation campaign," which by the end of last year, 2020, had brought about 100 million of the intractably poor out of extreme poverty. For China to achieve "The Chinese Dream" of (Q1) ____________________, eliminating extreme poverty was necessary, but it was not sufficient. China must continue to fight poverty by reducing still-substantial relative poverty and close the still-excessive wealth gap, primarily between (Q2) ______________. Enhancing rural standards of living exemplifies China's long-range vision to the years 2035 and 2050, when China's goal is to become a "fully modernized, socialist nation." And President Xi allows (Q3) __________in making the historic transition from poverty alleviation to rural vitalization.Without the vitalization of the countryside, there can be no social stability, no (Q4) ______________, no national rejuvenation. But while grand visions are formulated by central leadership, they must be implemented by (Q5) ___________________, and this is especially true of rural vitalization. Under President Xi, China defines its national goal of becoming a "fully modernized, socialist nation" as being prosperous, strong, democratic, culturally advanced, harmonious and beautiful. Actualizing these adjectives largely depends on the success of rural vitalization, which in turn depends on the grassroots officials who implement the programs - officials whose challenges include constantly "on the road," little rest, low welfare, minimum opportunities for promotion - plus complaints from villagers below and pressures from officials above. That's why new policies promote the care of grassroots officials: easing their burdens by fighting pointless formalities, reducing the number of meetings, providing incentives for serving the people including (Q6) ________________. It has become a tradition in China that the first document issued by the CPC Central Committee and the State Council each year, dubbed the "No.1 Central Document" indicating (Q7) _______________, concerns the modernization of agriculture and rural areas. In 2021, the "No. 1 Central Document," with nine in-depth chapters, calls for "organizational vitalization" to achieve rural vitalization, thereby ensuring the supply of major agricultural products, stabilizing the sown area of grain, improving the yield per unit area, accelerating scientific and technological projects in agricultural biological breeding, promoting green and healthy aquaculture, and optimizing the trade of (Q8) _______________. To achieve these goals, the Document calls for strengthening the Party's leadership over agriculture, rural areas and farmers, improving rural governance, building grassroots cadre teams, providing (Q9) _________________________, and bolstering the village-level collective economy. It exhorts grassroots officials to go deep into the fields and farmhouses to listen to the voices of the masses and to understand their needs. Grassroots problems impeding the building of a prosperous countryside include the quality of rural industries, infrastructure, public services, civilized culture, ecology and governance. The Document also warned against promoting benefit-induced indolence, requiring officials to promote low-income people's "will" and "intellect" to improve their own lives. China's grand vision goes to 2035 and 2050, when standards of living in rural and urban areas should be roughly equal. By 2035, achieving basic modernization of agriculture and rural areas including (Q10) _____________; by 2050, rural areas should have robust agriculture, beautiful landscapes and prosperous farmers. It's a grand vision, but a tall order.I'm keeping Watch. I'm Robert Lawrence Kuhn.KEY Read the passage. Then listen to the news and fill in the blanks with the information (words, phrases or sentences) you hear.President Xi Jinping rightly celebrates the success of China’s "targeted poverty alleviation campaign," which by the end of last year, 2020, had brought about 100 million of the intractably poor out of extreme poverty. For China to achieve "The Chinese Dream" of (Q1) national rejuvenation, eliminating extreme poverty was necessary, but it was not sufficient. China must continue to fight poverty by reducing still-substantial relative poverty and close the still-excessive wealth gap, primarily between (Q2) rural and urban areas. Enhancing rural standards of living exemplifies China's long-range vision to the years 2035 and 2050, when China's goal is to become a "fully modernized, socialist nation." And President Xi allows (Q3) no delayin making the historic transition from poverty alleviation to rural vitalization.Without the vitalization of the countryside, there can be no social stability, no (Q4) common prosperity, no national rejuvenation. But while grand visions are formulated by central leadership, they must be implemented by (Q5) local, grassroots officials, and this is especially true of rural vitalization. Under President Xi, China defines its national goal of becoming a "fully modernized, socialist nation" as being prosperous, strong, democratic, culturally advanced, harmonious and beautiful. Actualizing these adjectives largely depends on the success of rural vitalization, which in turn depends on the grassroots officials who implement the programs - officials whose challenges include constantly "on the road," little rest, low welfare, minimum opportunities for promotion - plus complaints from villagers below and pressures from officials above. That's why new policies promote the care of grassroots officials: easing their burdens by fighting pointless formalities, reducing the number of meetings, providing incentives for serving the people including (Q6) salary guarantees and opportunities for career advancement. It has become a tradition in China that the first document issued by the CPC Central Committee and the State Council each year, dubbed the "No.1 Central Document" indicating (Q7) policy priority, concerns the modernization of agriculture and rural areas. In 2021, the "No. 1 Central Document," with nine in-depth chapters, calls for "organizational vitalization" to achieve rural vitalization, thereby ensuring the supply of major agricultural products, stabilizing the sown area of grain, improving the yield per unit area, accelerating scientific and technological projects in agricultural biological breeding, promoting green and healthy aquaculture, and optimizing the trade of (Q8) agricultural products. To achieve these goals, the Document calls for strengthening the Party's leadership over agriculture, rural areas and farmers, improving rural governance, building grassroots cadre teams, providing (Q9) dispute resolution mechanisms, and bolstering the village-level collective economy. It exhorts grassroots officials to go deep into the fields and farmhouses to listen to the voices of the masses and to understand their needs. Grassroots problems impeding the building of a prosperous countryside include the quality of rural industries, infrastructure, public services, civilized culture, ecology and governance. The Document also warned against promoting benefit-induced indolence, requiring officials to promote low-income people's "will" and "intellect" to improve their own lives. China's grand vision goes to 2035 and 2050, when standards of living in rural and urban areas should be roughly equal. By 2035, achieving basic modernization of agriculture and rural areas including (Q10) equal access to basic public services; by 2050, rural areas should have robust agriculture, beautiful landscapes and prosperous farmers. It's a grand vision, but a tall order.I'm keeping Watch. I'm Robert Lawrence Kuhn.改编自CGTN(封面图片来源于摄图网,版权归摄图网所有)

练习 | 专家建议勿服用阿司匹林预防心脏病

专家建议勿服用阿司匹林预防心脏病Health Experts Warn Against TakingAspirin To Prevent a Heart Attack Or Stroke刘立军 供稿TRANSCRIPTA group of health experts says older adults without heart disease should not take aspirin to prevent a heart attack or stroke.The group says the risk of bleeding inside the body for people 60 years of age and older is greater than the protection from heart disease.The U.S. Preventive Services Task Force released an early version of the new guidance recently.It is a government-appointed group of health experts on disease prevention.In addition to advice for older adults, the group for the first time said there may be a small benefit for adults in their 40s who have no bleeding risks.The experts also said there is less clear evidence of a benefit for those in their 50s.The group's guidelines are meant for people who are at higher risk of heart disease.This includes people with high blood pressure, high cholesterol, those who are highly overweight or who have conditions that increase their chances for a heart attack or stroke.Anyone considering whether to start or stop the aspirin treatment should talk with a doctor first, the group also advised."Aspirin use can cause serious harms, and risk increases with age," said John Wong, a group member and doctor at Tufts Medical Center in Boston.In 2016, the prevention experts had advised that a small amount of aspirin each day could help prevent a first heart attack or stroke.The new advice is in agreement withmore recent guidelines from other medical groups.Doctors have long advised small amounts of aspirin every day for many patients who already have had a heart attack or stroke.The group's guidance does not change that.The new guidance was announced online to let the public comment on it until November 8.The group will study the comments and then make a final decision.Wong said the guidelines are being updated because of new studies and reexamination of older research.Aspirin is best known as a medicine to reduce pain.But it also thins blood.This can reduce the chances for blood clots.But aspirin also has risks, even in small amounts.These include bleeding in the stomach or intestinesand ulcers.Both conditions can be dangerous.Dr. Lauren Block is a researcher at the Feinstein Institutes for Medical Research in Manhasset, New York.She said the guidance is important because so many adults take aspirin although they have never had a heart attack or stroke.Block is not on the task force.However, she recently stopped treating a patient with aspirin because of the possible bad effects.She instead began treating the patient with a cholesterol-lowering drug known as a statin.The patient is 70-year-old Richard Schrafel.He has high blood pressure and knows about his heart attack risks.Schrafel said he never had bad effects from aspirin.But he takes the new guidance seriously.Sixty-three-year-old Rita Seefeldt also has high blood pressure.She took aspirin every day for about 10 years until her doctor told her to stop two years ago."He said they changed their minds on that," remembered the retired elementary school teacher from Milwaukee.She said she understands that science develops over time.I'm Mario Ritter, Jr.VOCABULARY1. stroken.a sudden serious illness when a blood vessel (= tube) in the brain bursts or is blocked, which can cause death or the loss of the ability to move or to speak clearly 中风。例如:to have/suffer a stroke患中风2.cholesteroln.a substance found in blood, fat and most tissues of the body. Too much cholesterol can cause heart disease. 胆固醇3. in agreement with: 同意,与……一致4.intestinen.a long tube in the body between the stomach and the anus . Food passes from thestomach to the small intestine and from there to the large intestine. 肠5.ulcern.a sore area on the outside of the body or on the surface of an organ inside the body whichis painful and may bleed or produce a poisonous substance 溃疡。例如:a stomach ulcer胃溃疡6.statinn.(医)抑制素(类名,包括促生长素抑制素、促黑素抑制素、促乳素抑制素等)QUESTIONSRead the statements. Then listen to the news and decide whether the statements are true (T) or false (F). Then correct the false statements. 1. Older adults without heart disease should not take aspirin to prevent a heart attack or stroke.2. The risk of bleeding inside the body for people 50years of age and older is greater than the protection from heart disease.3. The U.S. Preventive Services Task Force is a government-appointed group of health experts on disease cure and prevention.4. The experts also said there is less clear evidence of a benefit for those in their 50s.5. Anyone considering whether to start or stop the aspirin treatment should talk with a doctor first.6. In 2016, the prevention experts had advised that a small amount of aspirin each day could help prevent a first heart attack or stroke.7. Doctors have long advised small amounts of aspirin every day for many patients who already have had a heart attack or stroke.8. The new guidance was announced online to let the public comment on it until December 8.9. Aspirin is best known as a medicine to reduce pain, but it also has benefits, even in small amounts.10. Dr. Lauren Block recently stoppedtreating the patient with a cholesterol-lowering drug known as a statin.KEY Read the statements. Then listen to the news and decide whether the statements are true (T) or false (F). Then correct the false statements.(T) 1. Older adults without heart disease should not take aspirin to prevent a heart attack or stroke.(F)2. The risk of bleeding inside the body for people 50years of age and older is greater than the protection from heart disease.(正确表达)The risk of bleeding inside the body for people 60years of age and older is greater than the protection from heart disease.(F) 3. The U.S. Preventive Services Task Force is a government-appointed group of health experts on disease cure and prevention.(正确表达)The U.S. Preventive Services Task Force is a government-appointed group of health experts on disease prevention.(T) 4. The experts also said there is less clear evidence of a benefit for those in their 50s.(T) 5. Anyone considering whether to start or stop the aspirin treatment should talk with a doctor first.(T) 6. In 2016, the prevention experts had advised that a small amount of aspirin each day could help prevent a first heart attack or stroke.(T) 7. Doctors have long advised small amounts of aspirin every day for many patients who already have had a heart attack or stroke.(F) 8. The new guidance was announced online to let the public comment on it until December8.(正确表达)The new guidance was announced online to let the public comment on it until November8.(F) 9. Aspirin is best known as a medicine to reduce pain, but it also has benefits, even in small amounts.(正确表达)Aspirin is best known as a medicine to reduce pain, but it also has risks, even in small amounts.(F) 10. Dr. Lauren Block recently stoppedtreating the patient with a cholesterol-lowering drug known as a statin.(正确表达)Dr. Lauren Block recently begantreating the patient with a cholesterol-lowering drug known as a statin.(封面图片来源于摄图网,版权归摄图网所有)

练习 | 日本自民党

日本自民党The Liberal Democratic Party of Japan刘立军 供稿TRANSCRIPTJapan's main stock index, the Nikkei, rose by more than 2% in early trading on Monday after the governing Liberal Democratic Party held onto power in a general election. The party did lose some seats but performed better than initial exit polls have predicted. From Tokyo, here's Rupert Wingfield-Hayes. Prime Minister Fumio Kishida now has his own mandate, albeita small one. It's a better result than many had predicted. But few here think this election will bring any radicalshift for Japan's perennialruling party, the LDP. The LDP has now been back in power for nearly 10 years. During that time, it has pumpedvast quantities of money into Japan's economy, boosting asset prices, and the stock market. That has made many rich people richer, but it's had no impact at all on the wages of average Japanese workers. World news from the BBC.VOCABULARY1. stock index证券(股票)指数2. mandaten.the period of time for which a government is given power (政府的)任期3.albeitn. (formal) although 尽管;虽然。例如:He finally agreed, albeit reluctantly, to help us.尽管勉强,他最后还是同意帮助我们。4.radicaladj.new, different and likely to have a great effect 全新的;不同凡响的。例如:radical proposals 有创见的建议5. pump sth. into sth.: to put a lot of money into sth. 注入大量资金。例如:He pumped all his savings into the business. 他把全部积蓄都投入了该企业。QUESTIONSRead the passage. Then listen to the news and fill in the blanks with the information (words, phrases or sentences) you hear.Japan's main stock index, the Nikkei, rose by more than 2% in (Q1) ______________ on Monday after the governing Liberal Democratic Party held onto power in a (Q2) _______________. The party did lose some (Q3) __________ but performed better than initial exit polls have predicted. From Tokyo, here's Rupert Wingfield-Hayes. Prime Minister Fumio Kishida now has his own mandate, (Q4) ____________ a small one. It's a better result than many had predicted. But few here think this election will bring any (Q5) _________ shift for Japan's perennial ruling party, the LDP. The LDP has now been back in power for nearly 10 years. During that time, it has pumped vast quantities of money into Japan's economy, (Q6) __________ asset prices, and the (Q7) __________. That has made many (Q8) __________ richer, but it's had no (Q9) __________ at all on the wages of (Q10) _______________ Japanese workers. World news from the BBC.KEY Read the passage. Then listen to the news and fill in the blanks with the information (words, phrases or sentences) you hear.Japan's main stock index, the Nikkei, rose by more than 2% in (Q1) early tradingon Monday after the governing Liberal Democratic Party held onto power in a (Q2) general election. The party did lose some (Q3) seatsbut performed better than initial exit polls have predicted. From Tokyo, here's Rupert Wingfield-Hayes. Prime Minister Fumio Kishida now has his own mandate, (Q4) albeita small one. It's a better result than many had predicted. But few here think this election will bring any (Q5) radicalshift for Japan's perennial ruling party, the LDP. The LDP has now been back in power for nearly 10 years. During that time, it has pumped vast quantities of money into Japan's economy, (Q6) boostingasset prices, and the (Q7) stock market. That has made many (Q8) rich peoplericher, but it's had no (Q9) impactat all on the wages of (Q10) averageJapanese workers. World news from the BBC.(封面图片来源于摄图网,版权归摄图网所有)

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