英语中的语调单位

评价一个人的口语水平如何,大家都会想到“语音语调”,也就是Pronunciation and Intonation。前者是通过音标所记录的音素来确定每一个词的正确发音,不同的英语国家在很多词汇的发音上存在差异,但只要遵循同一类的发音规律,那么便不会存在原则上的问题。后者则是很多英语学习者的最困惑的地方:到底什么是语调,它如何能使我们的口语显得地道?语调语调简单讲就是“说话的腔调”,准确讲是一句话里“声调高低、抑扬轻重的配制和变化”。英语有五种基本语调:升调(↗)、降调(↙)、升降调(∧)、降升调(∨)以及平调(→)。一句话的意义不仅仅通过词义得以表达,还需要语调的协助,表示出说话者的态度和语气。如祈使句“Do not touch the pot.”、疑问句“Did you touch the pot?”和肯定句“You did not touch the pot.”除了语义上的差异,还展现出了完全不同的说话者态度,再来回味一下这三句话是怎么读的,就不难发现语调的重要性了。语调单位要充分理解语调这一概念,那么就要了解什么是“语调单位”(Intonation Unit)。语调单位又称作语调群,是语言中语调的基本单位。一个语调单位通常相当于一个意群,由一个重读音节和若干个非重读音节组成。每个语调单位中至少有一个是响亮音,最响亮的高峰音便是语调单位的核心(nucleus),一旦越过这个“高峰”,音调便开始变化。语调单位通常由几个词组成,而完整的语调单位由四个部分组成:调冠、调头、调核和调尾。讲到这里,不少人已经被这些生疏的概念吓跑了。但其实语调一点都不枯燥,它是一句话悦耳动听的基础,也是所谓“语感”的核心所在,蕴含着语言的“灵魂”。今天我们就将为大家带来微课Intonation Units of English,从基础入手,结合实例分析,感受英语语调的魅力。

抱歉机器人,你被炒鱿鱼了

The Henn Na Hotel in Japan, which from 2015 has employed almost 250 robots to meet guests' needs, is cutting back on automation after its experiment failed to reduce costs or workload for employees.位于日本的海茵娜酒店为了满足宾客的需求,从2015年开始引进了大约250个机器人,但却没能减轻雇佣成本或员工负担,因此该酒店正在大幅减少机器人的数量,让它们“下岗”。The hotel will reduce its robotic workforce by more than half and return to more traditional human-provided services for guests, though it will maintain a number of robots in areas where it found them to be effective and efficient. Its change of direction can offer lessons for companies that are pursuing robotic solutions for customer service roles.酒店内有过半的机器人将面临“被炒鱿鱼”的命运,取而代之的是更为传统的人工服务,但是工作效果比较好的一些机器人则会被保留在原有的岗位上。很多企业想要通过机器人来解决客户服务方面的问题,而酒店将机器人“炒鱿鱼”这一案例则给它们上了一课。The hotel utilized a host of robots including in-room voice assistants and a robotic concierge. It also put robots to work behind the scenes to complete tasks such as sorting and transporting luggage. While robots moving luggage into and out of storage containers or around the hotel has proven to be useful, most of the other deployments have not, for a variety of reasons.在这家酒店内机器人无处不在:客房内有语音助手机器人,房外有机器人门房,还有机器人专门负责行李的挑拣和运送。尽管行李机器人在实际运用中的效果还算不错,但其它的机器人则是状况百出。Foremost among these is the growing obsolescence of some of these robots, with units like the in-room assistants leaving customers frustrated with their experience. In other instances, robots didn't actually eliminate the need for workers, such as at the check-in desk, where robots designed to look like dinosaurs greeted guests but still needed humans to make copies of passports, for example.各类问题中最突出的要数部分机器人的陈旧过时,它们渐渐跟不上时代的步伐,例如房内机器人助手经常解决不了顾客的问题。有些机器人则没法减轻工作人员的负担:如被设计成“恐龙”样式的前台机器人虽然能向顾客问好,但是复印护照这种细活,仍然需要人工来完成。Most consumers are still uncomfortable with robots when they need to communicate with the machines face to face. Instead, robots should be developed for tasks where they work alongside trained employees and are likely to have the most meaningful impact — after all they are not good enough to replace all human work at present.当和机器人面对面交流时,大多数的顾客仍然感到不自然。实际上,要想在服务业领域让机器人大派用场,最好的办法是让它们协助训练有素的我们进行工作,这样才能使整体的工作效率最大化——毕竟当前的机器人还无法完全替代人类来工作。VOCABULARYconcierge: n. 看门人,门房deployment: n. 部署;调度

如何介绍产品,以口红为例

小小一支口红,在女性心中的地位不输一只精美的包包,或是一件新潮的时装。口红的存在,让迷人的色彩驻足于唇齿之间,也让世人看见了人类爱美的天性是如何改变着整个世界:在一涂一抹之间,支撑的可是金额数以亿计的化妆品行业。口红并不是现代社会的产物。早在公元前5000年,苏美尔人便已开始使用带色的矿物和植物色素涂抹在脸颊和嘴唇上,以达到美容的目的。我国女性使用口红的历史也十分悠久,在唐朝,贵族妇女使用檀色注唇,这一化妆术沿用至后世的各个朝代。但说到现代口红的兴起,则仅仅是过去一百年中的事情。1915年,美国人Maurice Levy发明了世界上第一支金属管口红,小巧的外形和便携的特性为口红的流行奠定了基础。之后发生的事情,想必大家都能归纳出来:不同品牌、不同色号、不同质地的口红争奇斗艳,唇彩、唇釉、唇棒等不同口红形态也应运而生。然而,就是这么一支精致小巧的口红,蕴含着不少的学问。从使用角度来说,有打底、上色、卸妆等步骤;从挑选口红来说,除了选择自己心仪的品牌和种类,还要在色号上大动脑筋:什么颜色适合自己的肤色,什么颜色搭配什么类型的妆容、服饰、场合等等等等。因此尽管“网购”“代购”盛行,但挑选口红,消费者还是会到柜台进行试色,请教专柜小姐帮助自己选择。正因如此,化妆品柜台的服务员除了充分了解产品的特性,还需要具备专业的化妆能力,才能为顾客挑选最好的搭配方案,而口红便是其中非常关键的一环。今天的微课就将为大家介绍如何用英语介绍口红,从而扩展到如何介绍各类产品,以小见大,拓展语言的能力。

练习 | VOA常速:女性移民闪耀美国硅谷

燕山大学 刘立军 编写 TRANSCRIPTPushpa Ithal may not fit the stereotype of the typical Silicon Valley CEO. She’s female, foreign-born and a mother. Nevertheless, she’s one of the many foreign-born women with thriving technology careers in Silicon Valley, where companies are increasingly relying on workers like her. Silicon Valley is known for entire world about like creating, building great products that millions of people, hundreds of millions people use it.Silicon Valley, the global center for high-tech innovation, could be renamed immigrant Valley. It is fueled by foreign-born workers, many of whom are from humble roots and having worked so hard to get here. Many have ambitions beyond their day jobs. Do you want to take this risk and move to a start-up? Hey, you know what I came here all the way. Let’s risk it that drives like everything.In computer science jobs, people born outside the United States make up almost 70% of those in their prime working years. That’s especially to for women - nearly 80% of women in computer and math fields are foreign-born. Most are from India and China.Countries like India and China where women, women’s roles are often very subservient. Silicon Valley offers a pathway out. Engineering, in particular, is a pathway towards economic sustainability. Although the tech industry is still mostly male, more and more foreign-born women are finding success here and are rapidly promoted.Lingling Shi born in China self-studying technology as her ticket to success in the US, Computer science, I mean most of us feel like it’s easier to apply green cards. It’s not my main anxious. I’ll be honest. Family life is one way that foreign-born women in tech are different than their American counterparts. Despite their demanding careers, they are almost twice as likely to be married and also much more likely to have children. I think to, to Chinese feminists, in most important, they will never accept no matter how successful like, my parents will not be happy, like oh, you have VP of engineer now but you don’t have kids.Women in India and in China under a set of cultural expectations and norms that they will have a family right away and they will excel in their careers. These women are really kind of super women in terms of the tasks that they take on.But that parental pressure also comes with perks. Typically for Asian family like parents will be here when the time you’re about to deliver the baby then they will be here for like half a year, one-year.Support like that can make a real difference. They will get to those leadership roles a lot more quickly than their American-born peers who don’t have the support that they need.They may not be household names are on the covers of business magazines yet, but these immigrants are likely to be the talent fueling the next wave of tech innovation.Dena Mitchell for VOA news San Jose California.Adapted from http://www.kekenet.com/broadcast/201901/577472.shtml VOCABULARY1. stereotype n. a fixed idea or image that many people have of a particular type of person or thing, but which is often not true in reality 模式化观念(或形象);老一套;刻板印象。例如: cultural / gender / racial stereotypes有关文化的 / 性别的 / 种族的旧框框 He doesn't conform to the usual stereotype of the businessman with a dark suit and briefcase.他不同于人们一般印象中穿黑色西装、提公文包的商人形象。2. subservient adj. subservient (to sth) (formal) less important than sth. else 次要;从属于。例如:The needs of individuals were subservient to those of the group as a whole. 个人的需要服从于整个集体的需要。3. pathway=path n. a plan of action or a way of achieving sth. 行动计划;成功的途径。例如: a career path职业道路 the path to success成功之道4. perk n. (常用复数) something you receive as well as your wages for doing a particular job (工资之外的)补贴,津贴,额外待遇。例如: (figurative) Not having to get up early is just one of the perks of being retired. 不必早起只是退休生活的好处之一。 Perks offered by the firm include a car and free health insurance. 公司给予的额外待遇包括一辆汽车和免费健康保险。 QUESTIONSListen to the news and choose the best answer to each question you hear.(Q1) What could the Silicon Valley be renamed?(A) Female Valley.(B) High-tech innovation Valley.(C) Computer Valley.(D) Immigrant Valley.(Q2) What’s the most important thing for Chinese feminists?(A) To have kids.(B) To have demanding careers.(C) To be married.(D) To have a higher degree.(Q3) What kind of support will make a real difference for Asian women?(A) Support from their companies when they’re buying a house.(B) Support from their husbands when they’re about to deliver a baby.(C) Support from their parents when they’re about to deliver a baby.(D) Support from their universities when they’re doing their PhD degrees. KEY(Q1) D。细节题。命题出处:Silicon Valley, the global center for high-tech innovation, could be renamed immigrant Valley.(Q2) A。推断题。命题出处:Family life is one way that foreign-born women in tech are different than their American counterparts. Despite their demanding careers, they are almost twice as likely to be married and also much more likely to have children. I think to, to Chinese feminists, in most important, they will never accept no matter how successful like, my parents will not be happy, like oh, you have VP of engineer now but you don’t have kids.(Q3) C。细节题。命题出处:But that parental pressure also comes with perks. Typically for Asian family like parents will be here when the time you’re about to deliver the baby then they will be here for like half a year, one-year. Support like that can make a real difference. They will get to those leadership roles a lot more quickly than their American-born peers who don’t have the support that they need.

练习 | VOA慢速:实现目标的方法

燕山大学 刘立军 编写 TRANSCRIPTFrom VOA Learning English, this is the Health and Lifestyle report.If you are like millions of people around the world, the New Year brings with it new goals.Perhaps you want to save money, lose weight or learn a new skill. You tell yourself, "This is the year I'm going to ... (fill in the blank)."But then you get busy.Your daily life - as wonderful as it can be - takes up all of your time. Before you know it, weeks, then months have gone by, and you are no closer to your goal.Time, as they say, waits for no one.Yet your goal remains important. And achieving a goal, no matter how small, feels good. In addition, when we do not work on our goals, we may end up feeling guilty or not successful.So, how can we find time to work on these larger life goals?Well, many websites address this issue, and they offer some of the same advice: If you want to achieve something, clearly identify it and write it down. Identify specific goalsAs you identify your goals, be specific. If a goal is too general, it may be hard to pursue, let alone achieve it.Let's say your goal is to get in better physical shape. That's a fine idea - but psychologists might say as a goal, it is too general. To make the goal more specific, you could sign up for a regular exercise class. So, whether you are dancing, doing yoga or kickboxing, you have a regular commitment every week. You could also say your goal is to lose a certain amount of weight in a certain amount of time. Write your goals downExperts say writing down your goal is a very important step. It gets the goal out of your brain and into the real world.Some psychologists suggest that writing a goal on paper is better than typing it on a device or saying it into your phone. Your brain receives information differently when it comes from handwriting. Writing things down seems to say to the brain, "I am important! Remember me!" Writing has another benefit: You can post your goal somewhere as a reminder. As you sit down at your computer or pour your morning coffee, your goal stares you in the face and asks, "What are you going to do about me today?" Tell a friendTelling someone your goal is also helpful.If someone else knows about your goals, you are held accountable for any progress or lack of progress. Your friend might ask, "So, how many pages of your novel have you written?" If you keep saying "none," you might feel badly. Now you feel a pressure to do it - the pressure of your friend's opinion of you. And that can be a big pressure! Many people do not want to let others down, especially friends and family. Break down BIG goals into small onesNot all goals are created equal. Some can be quite big. And for those bigger goals, experts suggest breaking them down into smaller ones.So, let's say you want to work for yourself. You love cooking. So, you decide to start your own company that supplies food for special events. Now, that is a very big goal. But it is made up of many smaller goals. So, identify them, write them down and set for yourself time limits.These suggestions all help to make your goals real. If you simply think about your goals, they can easily get lost in your brain - which, after all, has a lot to do in a day.Other experts remind us of another detail as we set our goals for the New Year: The goals may change. Or your life situation may change. Or you may change. So, it is a good idea to check in with yourself. Is this goal still what you want? Is your approach still working? If things are not proceeding forward, perhaps you need to change something.One expert, Ryder Carroll, helps people organize their life's goals by using a simple notebook. He suggests thinking about your goals not as a final destination, but rather as lighthouses guiding you along.It is the pursuit of your goals - not the reaching of them - that makes up the weeks, days and hours of our lives. So make sure to have fun along the way!And that's the Health and Lifestyle report. I'm Anna Matteo. And I'm Bryan Lynn.Adapted from http://www.kekenet.com/broadcast/201901/577782.shtml VOCABULARY1. end up: to find yourself in a place or situation that you did not intend or expect to be in 最终成为;最后处于。例如:If you go on like this you'll end up in prison. 如果你继续这样,早晚得进监狱。用法:[+ -ing 短语] I ended up doing all the work myself. 结果所有的活儿都是我一个人干了。[+ 形容词] If he carries on driving like that, he'll end up dead. 如果他继续这样开车,总有一天会把命都丢掉。2. address v. (formal) to think about a problem or a situation and decide how you are going to dealwith it 设法解决;处理;对付。例如:Your essay does not address the real issues. 你的论文没有论证实质问题。We must address ourselves to the problem of traffic pollution. 我们必须设法解决交通污染问题。3. identify v. to find or discover sb. /sth. 找到;发现。用法:[动词 + 名词短语] 例如:Scientists have identified a link between diet and cancer. 科学家发现了饮食与癌症之间的关联。As yet they have not identified a buyer for the company. 迄今为止他们还没有为公司找到买主。[动词 + wh-从句] 例如:They are trying to identify what is wrong with the present system. 他们正试图弄清现行制度的弊端所在。[动词 + 名词短语] ~ sb. /sth. (as sb./sth.) to make it possible to recognize who or what sb. / sth. is 显示;说明身份。例如:In many cases, the clothes people wear identify them as belonging to a particular social class. 很多情况下,人们的穿着显示出他们的社会阶级。4. kickboxing n. 跆拳道5. commitment n. [不可数名词, 可数名词] ~ (of sth.) (to sth.) agreeing to use money, time or people in order to achieve sth.(资金、时间、人力的)花费,使用。例如:the commitment of resources to education对教育的资源投入Achieving success at this level requires a commitment of time and energy. 取得这种水平的成就需要花费时间和精力。6. let sb. down: to fail to help or support sb. as they had hoped or expected 不能帮助,不能支持 (某人);使失望。例如:I'm afraid she let us down badly. 很遗憾,她让我们大失所望。This machine won't let you down. 你尽管放心,这台机器不会出毛病。He trudged home feeling lonely and let down. 他步履艰难地往家走,感到孤独而沮丧。 QUESTIONSRead the statements. Then listen to the news and check the true (ü) or false (û) statements. 1. If a goal is too general, it may be easy to pursue. 2. Experts say writing down your goal is a very important step. 3. Some psychologists suggest that writing a goal on paper is not necessarily better than typing it on a device or saying it into your phone. 4. Telling someone your goal is also helpful. 5. For those bigger goals, experts suggest breaking them down into smaller ones. 6. Other experts remind us that the goals may change as we set our goals for the New Year. 7. Ryder Carroll helps people organize their life's goals by using a simple notebook. 8. Ryder Carroll suggests thinking about your goals not as a final destination, but rather as lighthouses guiding you along. 9. It is the reaching of your goals that makes up the weeks, days and hours of our lives. KEYRead the statements. Then listen to the news and check the true (ü) or false (û) statements.û 1. If a goal is too general, it may be easy to pursue. 正确表达:If a goal is too general, it may be hard to pursue, let alone achieve it.ü 2. Experts say writing down your goal is a very important step.û 3. Some psychologists suggest that writing a goal on paper is not necessarily better than typing it on a device or saying it into your phone. 正确表达:Some psychologists suggest that writing a goal on paper is better than typing it on a device or saying it into your phone.ü 4. Telling someone your goal is also helpful.ü 5. For those bigger goals, experts suggest breaking them down into smaller ones.ü 6. Other experts remind us that the goals may change as we set our goals for the New Year.ü 7. Ryder Carroll helps people organize their life's goals by using a simple notebook.ü 8. Ryder Carroll suggests thinking about your goals not as a final destination, but rather as lighthouses guiding you along.û 9. It is the reaching of your goals that makes up the weeks, days and hours of our lives. 正确表达:It is the pursuit of your goals - not the reaching of them - that makes up the weeks, days and hours of our lives.

练习 | 科学美国人60秒:海平面上升可能淹没互联网

燕山大学 刘立军 编写 TRANSCRIPTThis is Scientific American - 60-Second Science. I'm Christopher Intagliata.The big hurricanes last summer - Harvey, Irma and Maria - knocked out internet service for many residents. But another threat to the internet is just plain old sea level rise."Uh, yeah, I mean some is already happening." Carol Barford, a biogeochemist at the University of Wisconsin-Madison. "There's a lot of data out there that shows that sea level on the coast is rising."And that, she says, means big problems for internet connectivity in major coastal cities like New York, Seattle and Miami. Barford and her colleagues forecast that danger using a map of global internet networks, along with sea level rise data from NOAA."So there are two maps, where's the internet stuff and where's the flooding. And when they're superimposed, where they coincide, there are problems."Using NOAA's extreme sea level rise estimate, recommended for forecasts involving long-term infrastructure like this, the researchers say that 15 years from now, 4,100 miles of fiber-optic cable could be underwater. And 1,100 internet hubs could be surrounded by water. And remember, our land-based infrastructure isn't waterproof, like transoceanic cables are."Seawater comes in, and cabling is not meant to work underwater. So signals will be interrupted and dropped. The actual infrastructure itself might deteriorate." The researchers presented the peer reviewed findings at the Applied Networking Research Workshop in Montreal this week.They also write that large internet service providers including AT & T, Century Link and Inteliquent face the greatest risk. So if these predictions play out, internet companies need to harden their networks soon, they say. Or we could lose service during the emergency - right when we need it most.Thanks for listening for Scientific American - 60-Second Science. I'm Christopher Intagliata.Adapted from http://www.kekenet.com/broadcast/201902/577424.shtml VOCABULARY1. biogeochemist n. 生物地球化学家2. coincide v. (formal) (of objects or places 物品或地方) to meet; to share the same space 相接;相交;同位;位置重合;重叠。例如: At this point the two paths coincide briefly. 两条小路在这个地方有一小段合在了一起。 The present position of the house coincides with that of an earlier dwelling. 这栋房子现在的位置恰与原住宅的位置一致。3. infrastructure n. (可数名词, 不可数名词) the basic systems and services that are necessary for a country or an organization to run smoothly, for example buildings, transport and water and power supplies (国家或机构的)基础设施,基础建设4. fiber-optic n. 光导纤维5. hub n. (常用单数形式) ~ (of sth.) the central and most important part of a particular place or activity (某地或活动的)中心,核心。例如: the commercial hub of the city城市的商业中心 to be at the hub of things (= where things happen and important decisions are made) 在核心部门 a hub airport (= a large important one where people often change from one plane to another)大型中转机场6. waterproof adj. that does not let water through or that cannot be damaged by water 不透水的;防水的;耐水的。例如: waterproof clothing防水衣 a waterproof camera防水照相机 QUESTIONSRead the passage. Then listen to the news and fill in the blanks with the information (words, phrases or sentences) you hear.This is Scientific American - 60-Second Science. I'm Christopher Intagliata.The big hurricanes last summer - Harvey, Irma and Maria - knocked out (Q1) _________________ for many residents. But another threat to the internet is just plain old sea level (Q2) ___________."Uh, yeah, I mean some is already happening." Carol Barford, a biogeochemist at the University of Wisconsin-Madison. "There's a lot of data out there that shows that sea level on the coast is rising."And that, she says, means big problems for internet (Q3) _____________________ in major coastal cities like New York, Seattle and Miami. Barford and her colleagues forecast that danger using a map of global internet networks, along with sea level rise data from NOAA."So there are two maps, where's the internet stuff and where's the flooding. And when they're superimposed, where they (Q4) _________________, there are problems."Using NOAA's extreme sea level rise estimate, recommended for forecasts involving long-term infrastructure like this, the researchers say that 15 years from now, 4,100 miles of fiber-optic cable could be underwater. And 1,100 (Q5) ______________________ could be surrounded by water. And remember, our land-based infrastructure isn't (Q6) ___________________, like transoceanic cables are."Seawater comes in, and cabling is not meant to work underwater. So signals will be interrupted and (Q7) _________________________. The actual infrastructure itself might deteriorate." The researchers presented the peer reviewed findings at the Applied Networking Research Workshop in Montreal this week.They also write that large internet service providers including AT & T, Century Link and Inteliquent face the greatest (Q8) _______________. So if these predictions play out, internet companies need to (Q9) __________________________ their networks soon, they say. Or we could (Q10) __________ during the emergency - right when we need it most.Thanks for listening for Scientific American - 60-Second Science. I'm Christopher Intagliata. KEYRead the passage. Then listen to the news and fill in the blanks with the information (words, phrases or sentences) you hear.This is Scientific American - 60-Second Science. I'm Christopher Intagliata.The big hurricanes last summer - Harvey, Irma and Maria - knocked out (Q1) internet service for many residents. But another threat to the internet is just plain old sea level (Q2) rise."Uh, yeah, I mean some is already happening." Carol Barford, a biogeochemist at the University of Wisconsin-Madison. "There's a lot of data out there that shows that sea level on the coast is rising."And that, she says, means big problems for internet (Q3) connectivity in major coastal cities like New York, Seattle and Miami. Barford and her colleagues forecast that danger using a map of global internet networks, along with sea level rise data from NOAA."So there are two maps, where's the internet stuff and where's the flooding. And when they're superimposed, where they (Q4) coincide, there are problems."Using NOAA's extreme sea level rise estimate, recommended for forecasts involving long-term infrastructure like this, the researchers say that 15 years from now, 4,100 miles of fiber-optic cable could be underwater. And 1,100 (Q5) internet hubs could be surrounded by water. And remember, our land-based infrastructure isn't (Q6) waterproof, like transoceanic cables are."Seawater comes in, and cabling is not meant to work underwater. So signals will be interrupted and (Q7) dropped. The actual infrastructure itself might deteriorate." The researchers presented the peer reviewed findings at the Applied Networking Research Workshop in Montreal this week.They also write that large internet service providers including AT & T, Century Link and Inteliquent face the greatest (Q8) risk. So if these predictions play out, internet companies need to (Q9) harden their networks soon, they say. Or we could (Q10) lose service during the emergency - right when we need it most.Thanks for listening for Scientific American - 60-Second Science. I'm Christopher Intagliata.

第九届教学大赛英语专业组特等奖王慧授课

授课点评:能提出体现自己教学理念的SPICM模式,即以学生为中心、基于项目的教学、综合技能培养为重点、基于文化素质培养和使用多媒体辅助手段。能结合学生实际水平和所学篇章特点合理设计教学目标。教学目标较为明确,即学习相关词汇语法知识、理解课文、培养思辨能力及基于输入的学生产出(1'12''-1'20'')。授课中注重学生语言知识的传授,如对于叙述、描写和议论文特点的介绍(5'12''-6'20''),最终落脚到议论文的特点及课文的结构组成、主题句使用、论据呈现、关键词使用等。教学重点突出,能有效引导学生整体理解课文后反思写作手法,举一反三,使学生在不知不觉中学会赞成和反对的表达方法。基于文章内容适当拓展关联知识(17'17''-17'40''),提升学生的人文素养,同时也有助于学生逐步形成正确的课外学习思路及掌握适当的学习方法等。对教学素材的理解到位,显现出自身较高的人文素养,体现出一名长期从事一线专业教学教师所积累的丰富知识。有效使用多媒体手段,特别是在引导学生寻找主题句时,逐个突显关键词群的做法能帮助学生迅速定位,并学会课外自己寻找(4'39''-4'45'')。引导学生基于讨论话题发表自己的观点,体现了教师尽量达到注重学生产出的教学目标(13'08''-16'20'')。授课沉着自信,语速适中,吐词清楚,娓娓道来,自然且有亲和力;语音语调地道、具有示范效应,口语表达准确达意。建议:整个单元的教学目标可以更加明确;学生参与互动略欠不够,须更多注重激发学生学习热情和主动性,更多启发学生思考并给出个人观点,之后教师再点评、总结、给出自己的见解;对于所讲解的段落理解和段落的发展方式部分,建议可以通过更为丰富直观的互动练习来实现,讨论部分可以和阅读的段落结合更紧一些;克服偶尔的卷舌r音,使原本的英式发音更纯正等。点评专家:许明武教授

第九届教学大赛翻译专业组特等奖计霄雯授课

授课点评:计老师围绕主旨口译这一口译技能展开了她20分钟的授课。计老师由“何为主旨”这一问题引出学生对口译中意义理解重要性的思考,由课堂练习引出如何提炼主旨的讨论,由分析主旨引出针对主题句、逻辑等概念的阐释,环环相扣,过渡自然,紧贴主题,引人入胜。计老师温婉亲切的表述风格、简单明了的语言表达和深入浅出的教学方法体现了老师对学生的了解和尊重;浅显简单的例句有效地引导了学生从较深层次思考提炼主旨的方法和步骤,同时激发了他们的兴趣和热情。同样需要肯定的是计老师的教态,自然平和,语音语调清晰流畅;还有设计简洁流畅、连贯易懂的课件。计老师在教学过程中针对主旨的定义以及提炼方法的阐述得当有效,但却未能清楚地告诉学生提炼主旨的重要性及其与口译能力之间的关系,不能不说是个遗憾。如果计老师能在教学中增设一个课堂练习来检测学生对所讲内容的理解和运用,或许可以让教学过程更加完整,教学效果得到更好的监控。这其实也是提问评委非常关心的一个问题。计老师在教学中与学生保持了密切的互动,但如果能放缓语速,更密切地关注学生现场的需求和反应,更多地激发学生深思和举一反三,那么这种互动将会是更深层次的一种激发,其作用也将会更加彰显。点评专家:陈菁教授

X光是如何穿透你的皮肤的

In 1895, a physicist named Wilhelm Roentgen was doing experiments with a cathode tube, a glass container in which a beam of electrons lights up a fluorescent window.He had wrapped cardboard around the tube to keep the fluorescent light from escaping, when something peculiar happened.Another screen outside the tube was glowing.In other words, invisible rays had passed through the cardboard.Wilhelm had no idea what those rays were, so he called them X-rays, and his discovery eventually won him a Nobel Prize.Here's what we now know was happening.When high energy electrons in the cathode tube hit a metal component, they either got slowed down and released extra energy, or kicked off electrons from the atoms they hit, which triggered a reshuffling that again released energy.In both cases, the energy was emitted in the form of X-rays, which is a type of electromagnetic radiation with higher energy than visible light, and lower energy than Gamma rays.X-rays are powerful enough to fly through many kinds of matter as if they are semi-transparent, and they're particularly useful for medical applications because they can make images of organs, like bones, without harming them, although they do have a small chance of causing mutations in reproductive organs, and tissues like the thyroid, which is why lead aprons are often used to block them.When X-rays interact with matter, they collide with electrons.Sometimes, the X-ray transfers all of its energy to the matter and gets absorbed.Other times, it only transfers some of its energy, and the rest is scattered.The frequency of these outcomes depends on how many electrons the X-rays are likely to hit.Collisions are more likely if a material is dense, or if it's made of elements with higher atomic numbers, which means more electrons.Bones are dense and full of calcium, which has a relatively high atomic number, so they absorb X-rays pretty well.Soft tissue, on the other hand, isn't as dense, and contains mostly lower atomic number elements, like carbon, hydrogen, and oxygen.So more of the X-rays penetrate tissues like lungs and muscles, darkening the film.These 2-D pictures are only useful up to a point, though.When X-rays travel through the body, they can interact with many atoms along the path.What is recorded on the film reflects the sum of all those interactions.It's like trying to print 100 pages of a novel on a single sheet of paper.To see what's really going on, you would have to take X-ray views from many angles around the body and use them to construct an internal image.And that's something doctors do all the time in a procedure called a CT, Computed Tomography scan, another Nobel Prize winning invention. Think of CT like this.With just one X-ray, you might be able to see the density change due to a solid tumor in a patient, but you wouldn't know how deep it is beneath the surface.However, if you take X-rays from multiple angles, you should be able to find the tumor's position and shape.A CT scanner works by sending a fan or cone of X-rays through a patient to an array of detectors.The X-ray beam is rotated around the patient, and often also moved down the patient's body,with the X-ray source tracing a spiral trajectory.Spiral CT scans produce data that can be processed into cross sections detailed enough to spot anatomical features, tumors, blood clots, and infections.CT scans can even detect heart disease and cavities in mummies buried thousands of years ago.So what began as Roentgen's happy accident has become a medical marvel.Hospitals and clinics now conduct over 100 millions scans each year worldwide to treat diseases and save lives.Source: http://www.kekenet.com/Article/201901/575640.shtml

教育培训更多

助力高水平本科教育,打造英语专业线下“金课”

本期研修班聚焦高校英语类专业教学现状及新时代教学改革要求,围绕“金课”打造,邀请全国外语教学研究领域顶尖专家、资深名师结合第九届“外教社杯”全国高校外语教学大赛的赛情分析与赛后思考,就教学质量提升、教学设计优化、教师能力培养等重点问题进行深度剖析和探讨。课程拟设“专家讲座”、“录像观摩”、“评课讨论”、“互动问答”等多个环节。同时,本期研修班亦为 “第十三届全国英语类专业院长/系主任高级论坛”子项目,参训教师可免费参加主论坛相关活动。

多模态视域下的外语教学与研究

近年来,在国际与国内相关学术期刊上,以“多模态”为主题的论文数量与引用率每年都成倍增长。作为一个比较新的领域,多模态研究有很多创新点可以挖掘,应用性强,而且研究方法容易掌握,是适合广大教师进行学术研究的新阵地。 为满足广大外语教师科研与教学专业发展需要,让教师和科研人员对多模态理论与研究方法有更加深入、系统的了解和掌握,促进多模态教学、科研和学术写作能力的进一步提升,上海外国语大学中国外语教材与教法研究中心联合上海外教社教育培训中心,特邀多模态研究领域知名学者和从事多模态教学实践与研究的一线教师于2019年4月19日-21日(19日报到)在上海外国语大学(虹口)举办“多模态视域下的外语教学与研究”高级研修班。研修班将采取“学术报告+工作坊+论文一对一辅导”的形式,欢迎感兴趣的外语教师参加。若学员有多模态或相关领域的选题,欢迎提交题目,我们将安排PPT汇报及专家点评;若有论文全文,欢迎携带论文参加一对一辅导环节。本期研修班所涉及的内容包括:1、多模态话语分析基本理论2、多模态教学与多元读写能力培养理论与方法3、中国外语教学环境下多模态课堂设计与行动研究4、外语教材的多模态分析与论文写作5、广告、影视、社交媒体等传媒语篇的多模态分析与论文写作6、多模态课堂教学与行动研究案例展示7、学员研究展示与专家点评指导

Workshops on Researching the Language Classroom

1.Two approaches for assessing communicative competence;2.Assessing metapragmatic knowledge;3.Using discourse completion tasks;4.Designing communicative assessment tasks;5.Assessing the performance of communicative tasks;6.Using role-plays to assess pragmatic competence;7.Scoring productive data;8.Formative and summative assessment

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重点教材

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