双语阅读 | 后疫情时代,航空业应如何发展?

How Will the Aviation Industry Develop in the Post-pandemic Era?后疫情时代,航空业应如何发展?林晓洁 供稿For many airlines, 2020 has been a precarious year -- with carriers navigating not just how to keep employees and passengers safe, but also how to avoid bankruptcy as the pandemic grinds global air traffic to a halt.2020年是航空史上糟糕的一年。航空公司不仅要考虑如何保障员工和乘客的安全,还要考虑如何在全球航空运输停摆之际避免破产。Faced with the severe situation, airlines need to combine "self-rescue" strategies with government supports, expanding financing channels while cutting operating costs.面对严峻形势,航空公司需要将“自救”和“他救”相结合,扩大融资渠道以及节省运营成本。1.Government's Financial Supports政府补助Many airlines ended 2019 with low cash reserves, so financial assistance from the government iscrucial for them. Globally, governments havepledgeda total of $123 billion in financial aid to airlines.许多航司2019年底的现金储备已经不多,因此财政援助对航空公司至关重要。各国政府承诺向航空公司提供总计1230亿美元的财政援助。For example, the Civil Aviation Administration of China, together with the Ministry of Finance, has introduced a package of subsidyand support policies, including exemptingairlines from the civil aviation development fund. The US Treasury had also announced a rescue package for the airline industry, including $32 billion in liquiditysupport for wage subsidies.例如,中国民航局会同财政部先后出台了一揽子补贴以及支持政策,比如免征航空公司应缴纳的民航发展基金等。美国财政部此前公布了对航空业的援助计划,比如提供320亿美元的流动资金作为薪资补助。The government's help, however, can only meet the temporary needs. In the long run, most of the aid will leave airlines with more debts, meaning the industry will suffer a crisis that will take much longer to recover.不过,政府的帮助只能解决航司的一时之急。长远来看,大部分援助将使航空公司背负更多债务,这意味着行业恢复时间要比预期长得多。2.Self-rescue Strategies自救措施1)Capital Raising融资Airlines are now looking for ways to normalize cash flow. In the first quarter of 2020, many Airlines of China issued bonds to raise funds. For example, China Southern Airlines and Air China have received RMB22.5 billion and RMB9 billion from bond issuance, with year-on-year growth rates of 87.5% and 57.89% respectively.如今,各个航司都在想办法正常化现金流。2020年的第一季度,多家中国航司发行债券融资,南航和国航一季度发行债券收到的现金分别为225亿元和90亿元,同比增幅分别为87.5%和57.89%。Southwest Airlines sold 70 million shares in April and raised about$ 4 billion by issuing $ 2 billion in convertiblebonds, and United Airlines raised more than $1billion in a share offering.美国西南航空在4月份出售了7000万股股票,同时发行了20亿美元的可转换债券,筹集了约40亿美元资金。美联航发行股票筹资逾10亿美元。2) Layoffsand Pay Cut裁员降薪About 7 million related jobs in the European aviation industry were affected in 2020. Major European airports such as Britain's Heathrow airport and Germany's Frankfurt airport are also considering plans to reduce staff on different scales. At Qantas, Australia's largest airline, at least 6,000 jobs will be cut and another 15,000 will remain no pay.2020年欧洲地区航空业有700万个相关就业岗位受到影响。英国希斯罗机场、德国法兰克福机场等欧洲主要机场也在考虑推出不同规模的裁员计划。而澳大利亚最大航空公司澳洲航空将裁员至少6000人,另有1.5万名员工将继续停薪留职。Meanwhile, United airlines said it will temporarily cut 36,000 jobs, nearly 45% of its total workforce. The three biggest European airlines, Lufthansa, British Airways and Air France-KLM, also plan to cut 22,000, 12,000 and 7,500 jobs respectively, in the near future.此外,美联航称将临时裁员36000人,占总员工的近45%。汉莎航空、英航和法航荷航等欧洲三大航近期也计划分别削减2.2万、1.2万和7500个岗位。  3) Retiring Aircraft退役机队With global travel demand plummeting, many airlines have grounded their planes, accelerating the pace of aircraft retirement. There were about 20,200 Airbus and Boeing jets in service globally at the start of the year, but after the COVID-19 outbreak, the number has plummeted to 7,400 in mid-April. American airlines are expected to retire as many as 1,000 aircraft this year. Some older models are also being abandoned.由于全球航空需求急剧下滑,大量航空公司停飞客机,加速了客机退役的脚步。今年年初,全球航空公司约有20200架空客和波音客机在服役,新冠疫情发生之后,服役机队规模骤降,4月中旬降至7400架。据预测,2020年美国航企的退役飞机数量将多达1000架飞机。一些老旧的客机型号也将退役。4) Transformation of Passenger Plane to Cargo Plane客机改货机 Because of the global shortage of virus prevention supplies, the demand for air cargo has increased significantly. Many airlines have thus transformed their passenger planes into cargo planes, which can not only offset the loss of the airlines to a certain extent, but also make up for the current shortage of cargo capacity.随着全球防疫物资缺乏,航空货运需求大幅增长。因此,许多航空公司相继将客机改成货机,这既能在一定程度上抵消航空公司的亏损,也能弥补当前货运能力不足的问题。3.What will happen to China's aviation industry in the post-pandemic era?后疫情时代,中国航空业将有哪些变化?1)Travelers will be more health-sensitive rather than price-sensitive.旅客从价格敏感转为健康敏感In the post-pandemic era, passengers will be more concerned about the health issues during the flight. Therefore, the most important question is how to provide consumers with a safer fly experience. The pandemic has also led to the development of contactless services in the industry, involving a range of upgrades to equipment.在后疫情时代,很多旅客由以前的价格敏感变成健康敏感,所以疫情之后,最关键的是航空业如何给消费者提供更安全的飞行体验。此次疫情还催生了航空业非接触式服务的发展,涉及到一系列设备上的更新。2)Demands for business travelwill be further declined.民航出差旅行需求受到显著影响In the long run, telecommunication technologies such as videoconferencing and cloud collaboration will irreversibly reduce demands for business air travel. For airlines, the traditional definition of passenger division is now outdated. In addition, the domestic market will become the main market of China aviation for a period of time, and the route deployment, service content and marketing strategies all need to be adjusted accordingly.从长期来看,视频会议、云协作等远程办公技术将不可逆地削减一部分商务航空出行需求。对于航司来说,传统的旅客划分定义已经过时。同时,国内市场将在一段时期内成为中国航司的主要市场,航线部署、航空服务内容及市场营销策略等都应做出针对性的调整。【VOCABULARY】1.pledgev. 保证给与,许诺,用……抵押2.subsidyn. 补贴,津贴,补助金3.exemptv. 免除,豁免4.liquidityn. 流动性,流动资产,(金融)偿债能力5.convertibleadj. 可改变的,同意义的,可交换的6.layoffn. 临时解雇,失业期

双语阅读 | 美国的总统选举制度,你真的了解吗?

The US Electoral College美国选举人团制度林晓洁 供稿The United States is the only country that selects its president using a system called the Electoral College. With the 2020 US presidential election becoming a hotly debated topic recently, let’s learn more about the Electoral College, including its process, significance and historical origin.美国是全球唯一采用“选举人团制度”选举总统的国家。当前,2020美国大选已成为热门话题,让我们一起来了解选举团的流程、意义以及它的历史来源吧!What is the Electoral College?什么是选举人团制度The Electoral College is a unique system by which the president and vice president of the United States are chosen. It was devised by the framers of the United States Constitution. The Electoral College was never intended to pick the “perfect” president, but to provide a method of election that is feasible, desirable, and consistent with a republican form of government.选举人团制度是美国特有的一种选举总统及副总统的方式。它是由美国宪法的立宪者制定的,其目的并不是选出一名最“完美”的总统,而是设立一种能够与共和政体相互配合的灵活选举制度。How does the Electoral College work?选举人团制度是如何运作的?Every four years, the system calls for the creation of a temporary group consisting of 538 electors. Each state gets the same number of delegates as their Congressional representatives. Technically, it is these electors, but not the American people, who vote for the president. In modern elections, the first candidate to get 270 of the 538 total electoral votes wins the White House. Most States have a “winner-take-all” system that awards all electors to the Presidential candidate who wins the state's popular vote. This is also why, every so often, someone wins the presidency without winning the popular vote on a national scale.每隔四年,来自各州的538名代表组成选举人团,各州代表人数与该州在国会的参、众议员人数相等。严格来说,正是由这些选举人而非普通选民,投票选出美国总统。在现代大选中,首先得到270张选举人票的总统候选人将赢得选举。大多数州实行“赢家通吃”的策略,赢得某个州普选的候选人将获得该州全部的选举人票。这也是许多总统候选人在全国普选总票数落后的情况下,仍能竞选成功的原因。How was the Electoral College created?选举团制度的来源Historians have suggested a variety of reasons for the adoption of the Electoral College, including concerns about the separation of powers and the relationship between the executive and legislative branches, the balance between small and large states, slavery, and the perceived dangers of direct democracy. In fact, Electoral College is a compromise between a popular vote by citizens and a vote in Congress.历史学家们提出了一系列关于美国设立选举人团的原因。其中包括对权力分立、行政权与立法权的平衡、大小州的平衡、奴隶制以及直接民主的潜在危险等不同方面的考量。事实上,选举人团制度是公民普选以及国会选举之间的一种折中方案。At the time of the Philadelphia convention, no other country in the world directly elected its chief executive, so the delegates were wading into uncharted territory. Further complicating the task was a deep-rooted distrust of executive power. After all, the fledgling nation had just fought its way out from under a tyrannical king and overreaching colonial governors. They didn’t want another despot on their hands.在费城制宪会议召开之时,世界上没有任何一个国家的首脑是通过直接选举产生的。因此,制宪者们是在开辟一条全新的发展道路。他们对行政权力根深蒂固的不信任,使得总统选举的流程更加复杂。毕竟,这个羽翼未丰的国家刚刚摆脱了残暴的国君和蛮横的殖民总督统治,不希望自己手中又出现一个暴君。One group of delegates felt strongly that Congress shouldn’t have anything to do with picking the president. There’re simply too many opportunities for chummy corruption between the executive and legislative branches.一些制宪代表强烈认为国会不应与总统选举有任何关系。因为当行政部门和立法部门的关系过于密切时,腐败就容易产生。Another camp was dead set against letting the people elect the president by a straight popular vote. First, they thought 18th-century voters lacked the resources to be fully informed about the candidates, especially in rural outposts. Second, they feared a headstrong “democratic mob” steering the country astray. And third, a populist president appealing directly to the people could command dangerous amounts of power.而另一些代表则坚决反对让人民直接投票选出总统。首先,他们认为18世纪的选民,尤其是农村边远地区的人民,缺乏对总统候选人的充分了解。其次,他们担心部分顽固的“民主暴民”会将国家引向歧途。第三,一个深得民心的民粹主义总统可能会掌握过多的权力,将国家带入危险。Out of those drawn-out debates finally came with a compromise based on the idea of electoral intermediaries. These intermediaries wouldn’t be picked by Congress or elected by the people. Instead, the states would each appoint independent “electors” who would cast the actual ballots for the presidency.经过旷日持久的辩论,制宪者们最终达成了一项基于“选举中间人”的妥协方案。这些选举中间人不由国会挑选或人民选举产生。相反,各州将各自任命独立的“选举人”,由他们实际投票选举总统。But determining exactly how many electors to assign to each state was another sticking point. Here the divide was between slave-owning and non-slave-owning states. It was the same issue that plagued the distribution of seats in the House of Representatives: should or shouldn’t the Founders include slaves in counting a state’s population?但是,每个州应该分配多少选举人票也是一个关键问题。分歧主要存在于奴隶主州和非奴隶主州,这和困扰众议院席位分配的问题是一样的: 一个州的人口该不该将奴隶算上?The result was the controversial “Three-Fifths Compromise,” in which enslaved black people would be counted as three-fifths of a person for the purpose of allocating representatives and electors and calculating federal taxes. The compromise ensured that Southern states would ratify the Constitution and gave Virginia, home to more than 200,000 slaves, a quarter of the total electoral votes required to win the presidency.最后的结果是极具争议性的“五分之三妥协”。在该妥协中,黑人奴隶被算作五分之三的个人,以分配代表和选举人席位以及计算联邦税收。这一妥协确保了南方各州批准宪法,并使拥有20多万奴隶的弗吉尼亚州获得四分之一的总选举人票。Why does US still use the Electoral College today?为什么美国还在使用选举团制度So why does the Electoral College still exist, despite its contentious origins and awkward fit with modern politics?选举团制度的起源极具争议,且与现代政治格格不入。为什么美国至今还选用这种制度呢?Fundamentally, the party in power typically benefits from the existence of the Electoral College, and the minority party has little chance of changing the system because a constitutional amendment requires a two-thirds supermajority in Congress plus ratification by three-fourths of the states. Plus, the old-school electoral system has its benefits. With the Electoral College, for example, there’s no chance of a run-off election or a protracted national recount. That will make things much easier. The complicated situation we have witnessed so far during the 2020 presidential election, however, put a question mark on the fairness and validity of the system.究其根本,这是因为执政党通常会从现存的选举人团制度中获益,而少数党几乎没有机会改变这一制度,因为宪法修正案需要国会三分之二的绝对多数以及四分之三州的批准。此外,老式的选举制度也有它的好处。例如,有了选举团制度,就不用再进行决胜选举,也无需进行旷日持久的全国重新计票。这就为总统选举省下了许多麻烦。然而,2020年我们所目睹的选举之复杂情形,又给该制度的公平性和效度打上了问号。【Vocabulary】1. fledgling adj. 新的;无经验的2. despot n. 专制君主,暴君;独裁者3. chummy adj. 亲密的;合得来的4. populist adj. 民粹主义的5. astray adv. 误入歧途地;迷途地6. headstrong adj. 任性的;顽固的;刚愎的7. intermediary n. 中间人;仲裁者;调解者8. protractedadj. 延长的;拖延的;持久的

双语阅读 | 珠穆朗玛峰新身高

珠穆朗玛峰新身高The New Height of Mount Qomolangma林晓洁 供稿The height of Mount Qomolangma is one of the most fascinating questionsin geography. Every time its measurement makes a splashacross the world. On December 8th,2020, ChinaandNepalagreed on a new official height forMount Qomolangma, ending a long-running dispute over the exact height of the world’s tallest mountain.珠穆拉玛峰的确切高度是地理学上最引人入胜的问题之一,每次它的高度测定都会在全世界引起轰动。2020年12月8日,中国和尼泊尔就珠穆朗玛峰新的官方高度达成一致,结束了关于世界最高峰确切高度的长期争议。The mountain is officially 8,848.86 meters, according to the number agreed upon by both countries. That’s 86 centimeters higher than the measurement made by the Survey of India in 1954, which has been the widely accepted number ever since.Since then, there have been a bunch of other surveys which found slightly different measurements.根据两国一致确定的数字,珠穆拉玛峰的官方海拔为8848.86米。这一数字比1954年由印度测绘局测得并在之后得到世界广泛认可的数字高出86厘米。从那以后,多次测量的结果出现了一些细微不同。So how to measure a mountain?那么如何测量一座山的高度呢?The main technique that's been used for hundreds of years is trigonometry, to be precise.Surveyors measure two points on the ground and from each point they measure the angle between them and the top of the mountain to give them a triangle. Using those triangles and the laws of trigonometry, they can calculate the height of the mountain.准确地说,三角学是测量山峰中运用的主要方法,这一方法已被使用了数百年。测量员在地面上测量两个点,从每个点测量它们与山顶之间的夹角,从而得到一个三角形。利用三角定律,测量员便能计算出山峰的高度。The first person to measure Mount Qomolangmausing that method was George Everestback in 1856. To get the angles, he had to use theodolites, which weighed about 500 kilos. As a result, the Great Trigonometric Survey of British India has peggedthe mountain, known to them as Peak XVand later named afterSir George Everest, at 29,002 feet. 首次利用这种方法测量珠穆朗玛峰的人是1856年的乔治·额菲尔士。为了测得三角形夹角,他不得不使用重达500公斤的经纬仪进行测量。利用大三角测量法,英属印度测量局测得珠穆拉玛峰的海拔为29002英尺。当时他们将珠峰称为“第十五峰”,而后又以额菲尔士爵士的名字重新命名该山。Fast forward to the 1950s, and surveyors got a bit of help from photogrammetry, detailed photos taken from the air that they could use to measure heights and distances.到了20世纪50年代,测量员们从摄影测量学中得到启发,利用从空中拍摄的高清照片来测量山峰的高度和距离。 Now peoplehave even fancier technology to measure mountains--the Global Positioning System or GPS. Surveyors can bring a GPS receiver to the top of the mountain, where satellites in space can pick up their location and work out the height, again, using triangles.如今,人们利用更先进的技术来测量山峰——全球定位系统(GPS)。测量员将GPS接收器带至山顶,太空中的卫星可以接收到它们的位置,计算出山峰高度。异曲同工的是,该方法也是利用三角形原理。The 1954 measurement included the mountain’s snow-cap, but China came up with a shorter measurement in 2005, when it excluded the cap. In 2020, Chinaand Nepalfinally agreed to re-measure the mountain from the top to the mean sea level, using GPS and the latest surveying equipment. They spent two years training a team for the project, then placed several markers around the mountain and another at the very top to come up with the new number.1954年的测量包括了珠峰雪顶部分的高度,但中国在2005年提出了一种更精简的测量方法,能减去雪顶部分的高度。2020年,中国和尼泊尔同意使用GPS和最新的测量设备重新测量珠峰从山顶到平均海平面的高度。为此,双方耗时两年培训测量团队,并在珠峰四周和山顶分别进行标记,从而测得新的数字。There's debate over whether you should count the snow on top, or just the rock underneath.And there's a possibility that the height has actually changed because of erosion and earthquakes.In fact, scientists reckon this earthquake in Nepal in 2015 might have knocked some height off this very high mountain. 关于是否应该计入山顶的积雪厚度,或是仅仅计算以下岩石部分的高度,还没有最终的定论。同时,侵蚀和地震也是导致珠峰高度发生变化的可能原因。事实上,科学家们认为,2015年发生的尼泊尔地震可能导致了世界最高峰的高度有所下降。With no climbers around due tothe pandemic, scientists regarded it the perfecttime for a re-measure. Theteamof surveyors that worked out the new height of the mountain is the first andthe only group to summit Qomolangmain 2020.Let’s remember the height of the world’s highest mountain –8848.86 meters.由于疫情的到来,珠峰的攀登者变得寥寥,这为珠峰高度的测量提供了独特的契机。此次测出珠峰新高度的测量队是2020年首支也是唯一一支成功登顶珠峰的队伍。让我们记住世界最高峰的高度——8848.86米吧!【VOCABULARY】1.make a splash引起轰动2.trigonometryn. 三角学3.theodoliten. 经纬仪4.pegv.使尺度、价格等固定于某水平5.photogrammetryn. 照相测量法

练习 | VOA常速:美国新冠肺炎确诊病例突破1200万

VOA常速:美国新冠肺炎确诊病例突破1200万燕山大学 刘立军 供稿【TRANSCRIPT】This is VOA news. Reporting by remote.I'm David Byrd. The United States recorded its 12 millionth COVID-19 case on Saturday even as millions of Americans were expected to travel for the upcoming Thanksgiving holiday. The COVID-19 epidemic has killed more than 255,000 people in the United States and the recent escalationhas prompted more than 20 states to impose sweeping new restrictions to curb the virus. More than one million people flew through U.S. airports on Friday, according to data from the Transportation Security Administration. That fueled fears of even greater spread of the virus. It was the second heaviest domestic air traffic day since the start of the pandemic despite pleas from public health officials for Americans to stay home for the Thanksgiving holiday.Election officials in Wisconsin's largest county accused observers for President Donald Trump on Saturday of seeking to obstructa recount of the presidential results, in some instances by objecting to every ballot the tabulatorspulled to count. Trump requested the recount in Milwaukee and Dane counties, both heavily liberal, in hopes of undoing Democrat Joe Biden's victory by just over 20,000 votes. County clerk George Christenson said a steady stream of Republican complaints in Milwaukee was putting the recount far behind schedule. Meanwhile, a group of Republican politicians and voters filed a lawsuit in state court in Pennsylvania arguing that a 2019 law that cleared the way for expanded absenteevoting was unconstitutional. An attorney at the Public Interest Law Center in Philadelphia, Benjamin Geffen, said the lawsuit like dozens of others filed by the Trump campaign and its allies would not get far in court. You can find more on our website voanews.com. This is VOA news.Adapted from http://www.kekenet.com/broadcast/202011/621169.shtml【VOCABULARY】1.escalatev. to become or make sth. greater, worse, more serious, etc. (使)逐步扩大;不断恶化加剧。例如:the escalating costs of health care逐渐增加的医疗费用2.obstructv. to prevent sb./sth. from doing sth. or making progress, especially when this is done deliberately (故意)妨碍;阻挠;阻碍。例如:They were charged with obstructing the police in the course of their duty. 他们被指控妨碍警察执行公务。3. tabulatorsn.作表的人;制表机4.absentee n.a person who is not at a place where they were expected to be 缺席者5. unconstitutional adj.not allowed by the constitution of a country, a political system or an organization 违背宪法的;违反宪章(或章程)的【QUESTIONS】Read the statements. Then listen to the news and decide whether the statements are true (T) or false (F).1. The United States recorded its 12 millionth COVID-19 case on Saturday.2. Millions of Americans were not expected to travel for the upcoming Thanksgiving holiday. 3. More than30 states to impose sweeping new restrictions to curb the virus. 4. More than one million people flew through U.S. airports on Saturday.5. A group of Democrat politicians and voters filed a lawsuit in state court in Pennsylvania arguing that a 2019 law that cleared the way for expanded absentee voting was unconstitutional.【KEY】Read the statements. Then listen to the news and decide whether the statements are true (T) or false (F).(T) 1. The United States recorded its 12 millionth COVID-19 case on Saturday.(F) 2. Millions of Americans were not expectedto travel for the upcoming Thanksgiving holiday. (正确表达)Millions of Americans were expectedto travel for the upcoming Thanksgiving holiday. (F) 3. More than 30states to impose sweeping new restrictions to curb the virus.(正确表达)More than20 states to impose sweeping new restrictions to curb the virus. (F) 4. More than one million people flew through U.S. airports on Saturday.(正确表达)More than one million people flew through U.S. airports on Friday.(F) 5. A group of Democratpoliticians and voters filed a lawsuit in state court in Pennsylvania arguing that a 2019 law that cleared the way for expanded absentee voting was unconstitutional.(正确表达)A group of Republicanpoliticians and voters filed a lawsuit in state court in Pennsylvania arguing that a 2019 law that cleared the way for expanded absentee voting was unconstitutional.

练习 | VOA常速:美国教育工作者抗议返校

VOA常速:美国教育工作者抗议返校燕山大学 刘立军 供稿【TRANSCRIPT】Thousands of parents, educators, students and community members marched in the streets of Manhattan in early August to demand safe and equitable schools. “We lost a co-worker to covid in April and we do not want any more teachers gone this fall. We need a hundred percent remote schooling in the fall to keep everyone safe.”In New York, like many states, schools will reopen based on regional conditions. In New York city itself, students will be in classes for only up to three days a week. “Here's the deal, for the vast majority of kids in the vast majority of schools, you'll be going to school, to the classroom either two days a week or three days a week, depending on the week. Again, certain other schools will have exceptional dynamics, we can talk about that as well.”If there is a confirmed case of covid-19 in a school, the whole class will be quarantinedfor two weeks. If there are two positive cases in two different classes, the whole school will be quarantined. But for many teachers at the protest, sending children and educators back to the classroom is premature.They point out that some one and a half million teachers or one in four have pre-existing conditions, which makes them more vulnerableif they contract the coronavirus. “Our schools have already been overcrowded without proper ventilationor facilities, and they want to send us back even though cases are increasing nationwide. And there's no plan in place and with budget cuts, no way. ”“This is my playground, I miss being on it. ”The school that fifth Grader Lawrence was attending has been closed since March. But he hopes to be back in the classroom soon. He's mindful of the pandemic, but dreams of playing with his friends, and taking his favorite classes in person and not online. “I miss my friends, I miss my teachers, and I want to come back to school. ”“I think that the reopening plan is a sham, because schools are going to be underfunded, under resource, and we will not have the classes that we need or the teachers that we need.” Sixteen-year-old Meryl Mussoom says her classmates share her opinion. New York city mayoralcandidate Diane Morales supports that view. “I am a former special education teacher, I am a former foster care social worker, and I am the parent of two young people with IEPs. And that is why I believe in and support teachers and students in the plan, to not go back to school until schools are safe. ”Despite the national day of protest, schools in Georgia, Mississippi and other states are reopening, though some cases of coronavirus have emerged among students and school employees.For Nina Vishneva New York Anna Rice VOA news【VOCABULARY】1. dealn.the way that sb./sth. is treated 待遇。例如:If elected, the party has promised a new deal (= better and fairer treatment) for teachers.该党承诺如果当选将给教师更好的待遇。2. quarantinev. to put an animal or a person into quarantine(对动物或人)进行检疫,隔离3. prematureadj.happening before the normal or expected time 未成熟的;过早的;提前的。例如:his premature death at the age of 37他37岁时早逝。4. vulnerableadj. weak and easily hurt physically or emotionally(身体上或感情上)脆弱的,易受……伤害的。例如:to be vulnerable to attack易受攻击5. ventilationn. 通风6.shamn. a situation, feeling, system, etc. that is not as good or true as it seems to be 假象;假情假义;伪善;伪装。例如:The latest crime figures are a complete sham.最新的犯罪统计数字完全是捏造的。7.mayoraladj. 市长的【QUESTIONS】Read the passage. Then listen to the news and fill in the blanks with the information (words, phrases or sentences) you hear.Thousands of parents, educators, students and community members marched in the streets of Manhattan in early August to demand (Q1) _________________________schools. “We lost a co-worker to covid in April and we do not want any more teachers gone this fall. We need a hundred percent (Q2) ______________________in the fall to keep everyone safe.”In New York, like many states, schools will reopen based on (Q3) ________________conditions. In New York city itself, students will be in classes for only up to (Q4) _____________. “Here's the deal, for the vast majority of kids in the vast majority of schools, you'll be going to school, to the classroom either two days a week or three days a week, depending on the week. Again, certain other schools will have (Q5) __________________dynamics, we can talk about that as well.”If there is a confirmed case of covid-19 in a school, the whole class will be quarantined for (Q6) _________________. If there are two positive cases in two different classes, the whole school will be quarantined. But for many teachers at the protest, sending children and educators back to the classroom is (Q7) ___________.They point out that some one and a half million teachers or one in four have pre-existing conditions, which makes them more vulnerable if they contract the coronavirus.“ Our schools have already been overcrowded without proper ventilation or (Q8) _________________, and they want to send us back even though cases are increasing nationwide. And there's no plan in place and with budget cuts, no way.”“This is my playground, I miss being on it.” The school that fifth Grader Lawrence was attending has been closed since March. But he hopes to be back in the classroom soon. He's mindful of the pandemic, but dreams of (Q9) ____________________________________, and taking his favorite classes in person and not online. “I miss my friends, I miss my teachers, and I want to come back to school.”“I think that the reopening plan is a sham, because schools are going to be underfunded, under resource, and we will not have the classes that we need or the teachers that we need.”Sixteen-year-old Meryl Mussoom says her classmates share her opinion. New York city mayoral candidate Diane Morales supports that view. “I am a former special education teacher, I am a former foster care social worker, and I am the parent of two young people with IEPs. And that is why I believe in and (Q10) ___________________teachers and students in the plan, to not go back to school until schools are safe.”Despite the national day of protest, schools in Georgia, Mississippi and other states are reopening, though some cases of coronavirus have emerged among students and school employees.For Nina Vishneva New York Anna Rice VOA news【KEY】Read the passage. Then listen to the news and fill in the blanks with the information (words, phrases or sentences) you hear.Thousands of parents, educators, students and community members marched in the streets of Manhattan in early August to demand (Q1) safe and equitableschools. “We lost a co-worker to covid in April and we do not want any more teachers gone this fall. We need a hundred percent (Q2) remote schoolingin the fall to keep everyone safe.”In New York, like many states, schools will reopen based on (Q3) regionalconditions. In New York city itself, students will be in classes for only up to (Q4)threedays a week. “Here's the deal, for the vast majority of kids in the vast majority of schools, you'll be going to school, to the classroom either two days a week or three days a week, depending on the week. Again, certain other schools will have (Q5)exceptionaldynamics, we can talk about that as well.” If there is a confirmed case of covid-19 in a school, the whole class will be quarantined for (Q6)two weeks. If there are two positive cases in two different classes, the whole school will be quarantined. But for many teachers at the protest, sending children and educators back to the classroom is (Q7)premature.They point out that some one and a half million teachers or one in four have pre-existing conditions, which makes them more vulnerable if they contract the coronavirus. “Our schools have already been overcrowded without proper ventilation or (Q8)facilities, and they want to send us back even though cases are increasing nationwide. And there's no plan in place and with budget cuts, no way.”“ This is my playground, I miss being on it.” The school that fifth Grader Lawrence was attending has been closed since March. But he hopes to be back in the classroom soon. He's mindful of the pandemic, but dreams of (Q9)playing with his friends, and taking his favorite classes in person and not online.“I miss my friends, I miss my teachers, and I want to come back to school.” “I think that the reopening plan is a sham, because schools are going to be underfunded, under resource, and we will not have the classes that we need or the teachers that we need. Sixteen-year-old Meryl Mussoom says her classmates share her opinion. New York city mayoral candidate Diane Morales supports that view.I am a former special education teacher, I am a former foster care social worker, and I am the parent of two young people with IEPs. And that is why I believe in and (Q10)supportteachers and students in the plan, to not go back to school until schools are safe. Despite the national day of protest, schools in Georgia, Mississippi and other states are reopening, though some cases of coronavirus have emerged among students and school employees.For Nina Vishneva New York Anna Rice VOA news.

练习 | AP News一分钟新闻:特朗普首次承认拜登选举获胜

AP News一分钟新闻:特朗普首次承认拜登选举获胜燕山大学 刘立军 供稿【TRANSCRIPT】This is AP News Minute.President Donald Trump on Sunday appeared to acknowledge for the first time that Joe Biden won the White House but made it clear he would not concede and would keep trying to overturn the election result. Trump's statements came in tweets that included several baselessclaims about the November 3rd vote.Several thousand supporters of President Donald Trump protested the election results and marched to the Supreme Court on Saturday. There were clashes with counterdemonstratorsthat led to fistfights, at least one stabbingand more than 20 arrests.Peru's interim presidentManuel Merino announced his resignationon Sunday, plunging the country into a constitutional crisis. The resignation came amid massive protests after Congress oustedthe nation's popular leader. The protesters alleged that Congress had staged a parliamentary coup.A Belgian racing pigeon named New Kim fetched a record price of $1.9 million at an auction on Sunday. Two Chinese bidders operating under the pseudonymsSuper Duper and Hitman drove up the price by over $30,000.Adapted from http://www.kekenet.com/broadcast/202011/620871.shtml【VOCABULARY】1. baselessadj.(formal) not supported by good reasons or facts 无根据的;无缘无故的。例如:The rumors were completely baseless. 那些谣传毫无根据。2. counterdemonstrator n. 反示威者3. fistfight n.互殴;格斗。4. stabbing n.an occasion when a person is stabbed with a knife or other pointed object 持刀(或其他利器)伤人事件。例如:a fatal stabbing持刀伤人致死事件5. resignation n. the act of giving up your job or position; the occasion when you do this 辞职。例如:a letter of resignation辞职信6.oust v.to force sb. out of a job or position of power, especially in order to take their place 剥夺;罢免;革职。例如:He was ousted as chairman. 他的主席职务被革除了。7.coup n. a sudden, illegal and often violent, change of government 政变。例如:He seized power in a military coup in 1997. 他在 1997 年的军事政变中夺取了政权。8.pseudonym n.a name used by sb., especially a writer, instead of their real name 假名;化名;笔名。例如:She writes under a pseudonym. 她用笔名写作。【QUESTIONS】Read the passage. Then listen to the news and fill in the blanks with the information (words, phrases or sentences) you hear.This is AP News Minute.President Donald Trump on Sunday appeared to (Q1) ___________________ for the first time that Joe Biden won the White House but made it clear he would not (Q2) _________________ and would keep trying to overturn the election result. Trump's statements came in tweets that included several (Q3) ____________________ about the November 3rd vote.Several thousand supporters of President Donald Trump protested the election results and marched to the Supreme Court on Saturday. There were clashes with counterdemonstrators that led to (Q4) ________________, at least one (Q5) ___________________ and more than 20 (Q6) ___________.Peru's interim president,Manuel Merino announced his resignation on Sunday, plunging the country into a (Q7) _______________________ crisis. The resignation came amid massive protests after Congress ousted the nation's popular leader. The protesters alleged that Congress had staged a parliamentary (Q8) ___________________.A Belgian racing pigeon named New Kim fetched a record price of $1.9 million at an (Q9) ______on Sunday. Two Chinese bidders operating under the (Q10) ____________________ Super Duper and Hitman drove up the price by over $30,000.【KEY】Read the passage. Then listen to the news and fill in the blanks with the information (words, phrases or sentences) you hear.This is AP News Minute.President Donald Trump on Sunday appeared to (Q1) acknowledgefor the first time that Joe Biden won the White House but made it clear he would not (Q2) concedeand would keep trying to overturn the election result. Trump's statements came in tweets that included several (Q3) baselessclaimsabout the November 3rd vote.Several thousand supporters of President Donald Trump protested the election results and marched to the Supreme Court on Saturday. There were clashes with counterdemonstrators that led to (Q4) fistfights, at least one (Q5) stabbingand more than 20 (Q6) arrests.Peru's interim president,Manuel Merino announced his resignation on Sunday, plunging the country into a (Q7) constitutionalcrisis. The resignation came amid massive protests after Congress ousted the nation's popular leader. The protesters alleged that Congress had staged a parliamentary (Q8) coup.A Belgian racing pigeon named New Kim fetched a record price of $1.9 million at an (Q9) auctionon Sunday. Two Chinese bidders operating under the (Q10) pseudonymsSuper Duper and Hitman drove up the price by over $30,000.

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实证类论文写作研究方法工作坊之一:质性研究与学术期刊论文写作

工作坊将结合外语教育领域中的研究案例,分析质性研究的特点和理论基础,阐述外语教育研究中质性研究的研究范式,并在此基础上讲解质性研究中研究问题的挖掘与论证、质性研究的数据来源、数据收集与分析,并组织与会教师以个案研究为例进行质性研究设计和展示。本工作坊还将从研究者、论文作者和论文审稿人三个视角分析成功的学术写作的标准和特点,着重分析质性研究论文的体裁结构和写作逻辑,包括引言和文献综述的功能和结构、质性研究方法论的独特性、研究发现汇报的方式以及如何讨论质性研究发现等。主讲人结合自身的投稿和审稿经历,与工作坊参与者一起探讨如何提高质性研究论文的严谨性、如何在国内外核心期刊上发表质性研究论文。

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