学会描述外貌和兴趣

对于这样的面试套路,想必大家都已经麻木了。机械式的一问一答,一听便知后文的陈词滥调,让面试官和面试者双方都“习惯性尴尬”。为了让面试变得更加有针对性,如今的面试官会使出各种“花招”,试图挖掘出你个性中的潜力。对于面试者来说,应对一场面试不仅仅是“见招拆招”,更是认清自己、找准方向的一次机会。充分展现出自己的兴趣爱好,性格特点,便是让面试官了解你个人能力的关键所在。换句话说,我们缺乏的是一种善于观察自己、描述自己的能力。我们有一双单眼皮还是双眼皮,我们的脸型是瓜子脸还是国字脸,发色是黑中带褐还是乌黑油亮?我们常常拿“外貌协会”来说事,却经常忽视了容貌上的一个小小特征或是举手投足间的小小习惯或许决定了我们给别人留下的印象。同样是听音乐、看电影,有些人痴迷于80年代的某个“过气”歌手,有些人钟情于欧洲的文艺影片,也有些人对黑胶唱片趋之若鹜。其实仔细探究每个人的生活方式,我们都能或多或少发现一些不为人知的细节。殊不知,在一篇作文,一场面试中,用一颗敏锐的心灵去将它们娓娓道来、细细述说,人性之中的闪光点,就能被观察者的双眼所捕捉。借此,我们推出今天的微课How to Describe One's Appearance and Hobby,通过学习如何描绘一个人的容貌和兴趣,让你更好地观察生活,了解彼此。

想买格陵兰岛?没门!

Right before the G7 summit in Biarritz, France, American president Donald Trump had already won the most attention from the world, again. This time he was commented by a rival candidate as "crazy like a fox" when he floated the idea of buying Greenland.在今年法国比亚里茨举行的“G7”峰会前夕,美国总统特朗普就又一次赚足了眼球。这次他想出了买下格陵兰岛的“馊主意”,为此竞选对手还称他“如狐狸一般疯狂”。Everything started with news leaked several days before the summit that Donald Trump had expressed interest in acquiring Greenland from Denmark. When many were thinking it was another Trump's joke, the American president responded to the Danish prime minister's dismissal of the idea as "absurd" by cancelling a visit planned for September.一切起源于峰会开始前几天传出特朗普想从丹麦手中买下格陵兰岛的消息。丹麦首相随即回应,称这样的想法“非常荒谬”。正当大家认为特朗普又在闹国际笑话之时,没想到他还当真了,取消了原定九月访问丹麦的行程以表达对丹麦首相言论的不满。Critics argue that it is essentially a problem of resources. Donald Trump is right that Greenland is valuable. It has vast stores of zinc, copper, iron ore and uranium — all of which are becoming more accessible with global warming. It lies conveniently between North America and Eurasia. But his notion that the way to access this value is to buy it from another country is a throwback to the 19th century.评论人士指出,这场闹剧背后实则是美国对资源的觊觎。特朗普想要购岛,的确是看准了格陵兰岛的巨大价值。岛上矿产资源丰富,蕴含锌、铜、铁、铀矿等,而随着全球变暖,这些矿产资源逐渐具备开采条件。格陵兰岛又坐落于北美和欧亚大陆之间,运输便捷。但是想要通过“购地”来攫取资源不免让人觉得“太陈腐”,有种十九世纪历史重现的味道。Then, the United States bought or conquered a great deal of land, from the Louisiana Purchase in 1803 to the Philippine annexation in 1899. That pattern of forthright acquisition ended in the middle of the 20th century, though, as colonized people worldwide rebelled against imperialism.整个十九世纪,美国通过强征强买获取了大量领土,从1803年路易斯安那购地案开始,美国便开始了野心勃勃的“买买买”,一直到1899年占领菲律宾。这样的强取豪夺在二十世纪中期总算告一段落。彼时,全球反抗殖民的热潮频起,帝国主义走向没落。Greenland Is Not Green“Greenland”并不“Green”Greenland's relationship with Denmark stretches back thousands of years, and the island officially became part of the Kingdom of Denmark in the 1920s. It was granted home rule in 1979 and is now considered an autonomous area within the kingdom of Denmark. The Danish government handles foreign affairs and national defense, but the Greenland government controls everything else.格陵兰岛与丹麦的历史可以追溯到几千年以前,但直到上世纪二十年代才终于被划入丹麦王国的版图。1979年,格陵兰岛取得自治权,作为丹麦的自治领土,它的外交和国防事务由丹麦政府管辖,而其他的一切事务均由地方政府自治。Unlike its name, Greenland has little "greenness". It is not even an easy place to call home — 80% of the island is covered in an ice sheet that can be up to 3 km thick, and temperatures regularly drop below -30 degrees Celsius during the dark winter months.“格陵兰岛”在英文中的字面意义是“绿色的岛”,但实际情况却并非如此,这里甚至不太适合人类居住——超过80%的岛屿面积都被冰川覆盖,最厚的甚至能达到三千米。在极夜降临的冬季,这里的气温能轻松突破零下30摄氏度。Despite the tourism potential and abundant resources, Greenland is an alarming symbol of how human activity has accelerated the course of climate change. The glaciers of Greenland are contributing to a rise in the global sea level faster than was previously believed. Between 1991 and 2004, monitoring of the weather at one location showed that the average winter temperature had risen almost 6 degrees. Keep it cool, is probably the best option for Greenland.尽管格陵兰岛蕴藏着丰富的旅游和矿产资源,但它也在不断向我们证明人类活动是如何加速气候变化的进程的。格陵兰岛上冰川融化的速度超出我们的想象。一项从1991年到2004年的定点监测显示,这段时间内格陵兰岛的冬季均温竟然上升了6度之多。保持“冷酷”,或许才是格陵兰岛最好的归宿。VOCABULARYdismissal: n. 不予理睬throwback: n. 返祖forthright: adj. 直截了当的

大众甲壳虫停产,一代经典落幕

The last bugs that Volkswagen produced rolled off the assembly line in Puebla, Mexico, on July 10th. The freed-up factory space in Mexico would be used to produce a new SUV intended for the North American market, the company said in a news release.7月10日,大众生产的最后一批甲壳虫汽车在墨西哥普埃布拉的工厂驶下生产线,标志着这款上市八十余载,历经三代更迭的大众经典车型正式停产。大众公司表示,原先生产甲壳虫的车间将被用于生产一款针对北美市场的全新SUV车型。 The Beetle was originally designed in the 1930s by legendary engineer Ferdinand Porsche at the behest of Adolf Hitler, who wanted to see a cheap and practical mass-produced car made available to the German people. But the outbreak of World War II stalled its production, as military necessity took precedence. After the war, though, the factory was restarted by the British military and production of Volkswagen cars began to take off.20世纪30年代,希特勒希望有一款便宜、实用的汽车,能够大规模生产供德国人使用。著名汽车设计师费迪南德·保时捷便在希特勒的授意下设计了甲壳虫汽车。然而二战爆发导致大众工厂停产,整个工厂被用来制造军用车辆。战争结束后,英国接管并重启了大众工厂,此后大众汽车的生产蒸蒸日上。The design found international fame in the 1960s and 1970s in the Disney film featuring Herbie, the Love Bug, a racing car with a mind of its own. Beetle soon became a worldwide icon for its small, practical, but aesthetic qualities.20世纪60、70年代,迪士尼电影《万能金龟车》让甲壳虫名声大噪,甲壳虫在片中以一辆有自己思想的赛车“贺比”的角色出现。甲壳虫汽车凭借小巧、实用又美观的特性,迅速风靡全球。 But sales, particularly in the key US market, have fallen in recent years. Consumers in the US have increasingly turned to larger cars such as crossovers and SUVs. Volkswagen, in the wake of the diesel emissions scandal and huge investment in electric vehicles, says it will look to slim down its model range with a greater focus on family and electric cars.但近年来,甲壳虫汽车销售额下滑,尤其是在重要的美国市场。美国消费者越来越青睐更宽敞的跨界车和SUV。在柴油排放丑闻发酵及对电动汽车进行巨额投资后,大众汽车表示,他们正在考虑减少车型,专注于生产家用和电动轿车。"It's impossible to imagine where Volkswagen would be without the Beetle," Volkswagen of America president and CEO Scott Keogh said in a statement. "From its first import in 1949 to today's retro-inspired design, it has showcased our company's ability to fit round pegs into square holes of the automotive industry. While its time has come, the role it has played in the evolution of our brand will be forever cherished."大众汽车北美区首席执行官斯科特·基奥在声明中表示:“很难想象没有了甲壳虫的大众将会何去何从。从1949年首次引进到北美到今天的复古风设计,甲壳虫汽车是大众公司用大胆创新成就经典的力证。即便它的时代已经结束,但它对大众品牌发展所发挥的作用将被永远铭记。”The final Beetle to roll off the assembly line will be displayed at a Volkswagen museum in Puebla, the company said.大众表示,将在普埃布拉的大众汽车博物馆展出最后一辆生产的甲壳虫。Vocabularyat the behest of sb. 应某人要求precedence n. 优先;优先权aesthetic adj. 审美的;美学的

练习 | VOA慢速:吃得好有助于病人康复

燕山大学 刘立军 编写 TRANSCRIPTWhen people are getting over a sickness or injury, they may not think of eating the right kind of food during their recovery.But good nutrition may be key to getting their health back.When Monika McComb returned home from the hospital, she did not think about following a healthier diet to help her get better."You know, I could hardly, even hardly walk with a cane."McComb did not consider that her weakness might be because of poor nutrition - until health care workers tested her.The test was part of a study carried out by Advocate Health Care and Abbott. Researchers hoped to learn about how nutrition helps to reduce visits to the hospital. An invisible problemSuela Sulo is a health researcher with Abbot, a company that makes medical devices and drugs. She says doctors rarely think of malnutrition when working with patients who are in recovery."Malnutrition is invisible to the eye, and therefore it remains under diagnosed and under-treated."McComb joined a home health care program, which provided her with a detailed nutrition plan.The majority of Americans are able to get healthy food. But one in three patients in home health care is malnourished or has some nutritional shortage. This puts their health - and recovery - at risk.Kate Riley is a chief nursing officer with Advocate Health Care."Nutrition is not the primary reason why patients usually come to home health; however, it is important for us to pay attention to the nutrition to promote their strength and get them recovered quicker."Abbot paid for the study and worked with Advocate Health Care to find a way to reduce hospitalizations, cut medical costs and promote patients' health. Faster recovery with nutritional drinksIn the study, patients using home health care received education about nutrition, along with nutritional drinks. Sulo said that after such care, they were nearly 20 percent less likely to go to the hospital in the 90 days that followed an injury or illness."Through identifying the patients with malnutrition risk, feeding them with the right nutritional drinks, you are increasing their chances of recovering faster, not going back to the hospital, or not going to the hospital in the first place."One of the study's goals was to create a program that patients could follow on their own. This meant the patients needed to learn about nutrition. Gretchen VanDerBosch says anyone can become malnourished and not know it. She says educating patients about nutrition is very important."Their outcome is so much improved, they have more strength, they heal quicker, have less falls, they have less readmissions," The researchers say they hope other health care programs and hospitals can use the study to help their patients, as well.As for Monika McComb, she says she feels stronger and has more energy than she had at the start of the program. She said her home health nurse and a focus on nutrition have improved her health.I'm Jill Robbins.Adapted from: http://www.hxen.com/englishlistening/voaenglish/voaspecialenglish/2019-07-15/521154_2.html VOCABULARY1. malnourished adj. in bad health because of a lack of food or a lack of the right type of food 营养不良的2. malnutrition n. (不可数名词) a poor condition of health caused by a lack of food or a lack of the right type of food 营养不良 QUESTIONSRead the passage. Then listen to the news and fill in the blanks with the information (words, phrases or sentences) you hear.When people are getting over a sickness or injury, they may not think of eating the right kind of (Q1) ___________________ during their recovery.But good nutrition may be key to getting their (Q2) __________________ back.When Monika McComb returned home from the hospital, she did not think about following a healthier diet to help her get better."You know, I could hardly, even hardly walk with a cane."McComb did not consider that her weakness might be because of (Q3) _____________________ - until health care workers tested her.The test was part of a study carried out by Advocate Health Care and Abbott. Researchers hoped to learn about how (Q4) _______________________ helps to reduce visits to the hospital. An invisible problemSuela Sulo is a health researcher with Abbot, a company that makes (Q5) ___________________. She says doctors rarely think of (Q6) ___________________ when working with patients who are in recovery."Malnutrition is invisible to the eye, and therefore it remains under diagnosed and under-treated."McComb joined a home health care program, which provided her with a detailed nutrition plan.The majority of Americans are able to get healthy food. But one in three patients in home health care is malnourished or has some nutritional shortage. This puts their health - and recovery - at risk.Kate Riley is a chief nursing officer with Advocate Health Care."Nutrition is not the primary reason why patients usually come to home health; however, it is important for us to pay attention to the nutrition to promote their strength and get them recovered quicker."Abbot paid for the study and worked with Advocate Health Care to find a way to reduce (Q7) ___________________________, cut medical costs and promote patients' health. Faster recovery with nutritional drinksIn the study, patients using home health care received education about nutrition, along with nutritional drinks. Sulo said that after such care, they were nearly 20 percent less likely to go to the hospital in the 90 days that followed an injury or illness."Through identifying the patients with malnutrition risk, feeding them with the right nutritional drinks, you are increasing their chances of recovering faster, not going back to the hospital, or not going to the hospital in the first place."One of the study's goals was to create a program that patients could follow on their own. This meant the patients needed to learn about (Q8) __________________. Gretchen VanDerBosch says anyone can become malnourished and not know it. She says (Q9) ________________________ about nutrition is very important."Their outcome is so much improved, they have more strength, they heal quicker, have less falls, they have less readmissions," The researchers say they hope other health care programs and hospitals can use the study to help their patients, as well.As for Monika McComb, she says she feels stronger and has more energy than she had at the start of the program. She said her home health nurse and (Q10) ___________________________ have improved her health.I'm Jill Robbins. KEYRead the passage. Then listen to the news and fill in the blanks with the information (words, phrases or sentences) you hear.When people are getting over a sickness or injury, they may not think of eating the right kind of (Q1) food during their recovery.But good nutrition may be key to getting their (Q2) health back.When Monika McComb returned home from the hospital, she did not think about following a healthier diet to help her get better."You know, I could hardly, even hardly walk with a cane."McComb did not consider that her weakness might be because of (Q3) poor nutrition - until health care workers tested her.The test was part of a study carried out by Advocate Health Care and Abbott. Researchers hoped to learn about how (Q4) nutrition helps to reduce visits to the hospital. An invisible problemSuela Sulo is a health researcher with Abbot, a company that makes (Q5) medical devices and drugs. She says doctors rarely think of (Q6) malnutrition when working with patients who are in recovery."Malnutrition is invisible to the eye, and therefore it remains under diagnosed and under-treated."McComb joined a home health care program, which provided her with a detailed nutrition plan.The majority of Americans are able to get healthy food. But one in three patients in home health care is malnourished or has some nutritional shortage. This puts their health - and recovery - at risk.Kate Riley is a chief nursing officer with Advocate Health Care."Nutrition is not the primary reason why patients usually come to home health; however, it is important for us to pay attention to the nutrition to promote their strength and get them recovered quicker."Abbot paid for the study and worked with Advocate Health Care to find a way to reduce (Q7) hospitalizations, cut medical costs and promote patients' health. Faster recovery with nutritional drinksIn the study, patients using home health care received education about nutrition, along with nutritional drinks. Sulo said that after such care, they were nearly 20 percent less likely to go to the hospital in the 90 days that followed an injury or illness."Through identifying the patients with malnutrition risk, feeding them with the right nutritional drinks, you are increasing their chances of recovering faster, not going back to the hospital, or not going to the hospital in the first place."One of the study's goals was to create a program that patients could follow on their own. This meant the patients needed to learn about (Q8) nutrition. Gretchen VanDerBosch says anyone can become malnourished and not know it. She says (Q9) educating patients about nutrition is very important."Their outcome is so much improved, they have more strength, they heal quicker, have less falls, they have less readmissions," The researchers say they hope other health care programs and hospitals can use the study to help their patients, as well.As for Monika McComb, she says she feels stronger and has more energy than she had at the start of the program. She said her home health nurse and (Q10) a focus on nutrition have improved her health.I'm Jill Robbins.

练习 | NPR 新闻:德国总理默克尔健康问题

燕山大学 刘立军 编写 TRANSCRIPTThe health of Chancellor Angela Merkel has become an issue in Germany after she appeared to suffer uncontrolled shaking at three public events in as many weeks. Merkel has brushed off concerns, saying she's fine and has continued her famously grueling schedule. But the German media's questioning is now more insistent, as NPR's Deborah Amos reports from Berlin.(SOUNDBITE OF MUSIC)DEBORAH AMOS, BYLINE: As the German national anthem played in a public ceremony today, Angela Merkel sat on a white upholstered chair on a red carpet. This was new for the long-serving chancellor; she would normally stand. A last-minute change in protocol fueled even more media speculation about her three bouts of trembling. Merkel has cited dehydration, an attack of nerves, and today, just before her 65th birthday, she cited age.(SOUNDBITE OF ARCHIVED RECORDING)CHANCELLOR ANGELA MERKEL: (Foreign language spoken).AMOS: But she insisted again that she was fine; it's just something she'll have to live with for some time. Does Angela Merkel have a health problem? Nobody knows. She said on Wednesday, my comments on this are done, and I think my statement that I am fine can find acceptance. In Germany, the health of public figures is generally considered a private matter, and the privacy laws are strict. But this time is different. Critics have been tweeting that the health of the leader of the government is not a private matter.We don't have the American system here, says Mohamed Amjahid, the political editor of Die Zeit newspaper, where politicians are expected to reveal health issues.MOHAMED AMJAHID: Compared to you guys in the U.S., you are like open books. I think it's a new thing with the politicians in Germany to say, I need to be transparent, and talk openly about their health situation.AMOS: He says the German media has been filled with speculation, citing medical experts who opine about the chancellor shaking. She's been in office since 2005. Merkel is known to keep an exhausting schedule, and she said publicly that she doesn't sleep much. Last year, she said that she won't seek a fifth term as chancellor, and she won't seek another political role after her term ends in 2021. Still, there is endless conversation in the media and on the streets about her longevity in office. It's mostly sympathetic, says Amjahid. For the German public, he says, health matters are private, even for the country's leader.AMJAHID: There is a lot of criticism. Why are you showing all that footage of her shaking? This is disrespectful. And why would you do that?AMOS: Merkel's decision to sit for the national anthem, getting through the ceremony without a tremor, was noted, and the health watch is intense. But August is near, the time of vacations for Germans, including the chancellor. It's time for rest and recharging for Angela Merkel and for the German media.Deborah Amos, NPR News, Berlin.Adapted from:http://www.hxen.com/englishlistening/npr/2019-07-19/521427.html VOCABULARY1. brush off: to be removed by brushing 被刷掉;被拂去。例如:Mud brushes off easily when it is dry. 泥巴干了容易刷掉。2. grueling adj. 紧张的,激烈的,使极度疲劳的3. anthem n. a song which has a special importance for a country, an organization, or a particular group of people and is sung on special occasions 国歌;(组织或群体的)社歌,团歌。例如:The European anthem was played at the opening and closing ceremonies. 欧洲颂歌在开幕式和闭幕式上演奏。4. upholstere n. 软垫5. protocol n. 协议6. bout n. bout (of sth./of doing sth.) a short period of great activity; a short period during which there is a lot of a particular thing, usually sth. unpleasant 一阵;一场;(尤指坏事的)一通,一次。例如: a drinking bout狂饮一通 the latest bout of inflation最近一阵通货膨胀7. dehydration n. (不可数名词) to suffer from dehydration受脱水之苦8. transparent adj. (of glass, plastic, etc. 玻璃、塑料等) allowing you to see through it 透明的;清澈的。例如:The insect's wings are almost transparent. 这昆虫的翅膀几乎是透明的。(反义词)opaque9. opine v. (动词 (+ that从句)) (formal) to express a particular opinion 表达,发表(意见)。例如:He opined that Prague was the most beautiful city in Europe. 他认为布拉格是欧洲最美丽的城市。 QUESTIONSRead the passage. Then listen to the news and fill in the blanks with the information (words, phrases or sentences) you hear.The health of Chancellor Angela Merkel has become an (Q1) ___________________ in Germany after she appeared to suffer (Q2) _________________________________ at three public events in as many weeks. Merkel has brushed off concerns, saying she's fine and has continued her famously grueling schedule. But the German media's questioning is now more (Q3) _______________, as NPR's Deborah Amos reports from Berlin.(SOUNDBITE OF MUSIC)DEBORAH AMOS, BYLINE: As the German national anthem played in a public ceremony today, Angela Merkel sat on a white upholstered chair on a red carpet. This was new for the long-serving chancellor; she would normally (Q4) __________________. A last-minute change in protocol fueled even more media speculation about her three bouts of trembling. Merkel has cited dehydration, an attack of (Q5) ___________________, and today, just before her 65th birthday, she cited age.(SOUNDBITE OF ARCHIVED RECORDING)CHANCELLOR ANGELA MERKEL: (Foreign language spoken).AMOS: But she insisted again that she was fine; it's just something she'll have to live with for some time. Does Angela Merkel have a health problem? Nobody knows. She said on Wednesday, my comments on this are done, and I think my statement that I am fine can find acceptance. In Germany, the health of public figures is generally considered a (Q6) ____________________ matter, and the privacy laws are strict. But this time is different. Critics have been tweeting that the health of the leader of the government is not a private matter.We don't have the American system here, says Mohamed Amjahid, the political editor of Die Zeit newspaper, where politicians are expected to (Q7) ___________________________.MOHAMED AMJAHID: Compared to you guys in the U.S., you are like open books. I think it's a new thing with the politicians in Germany to say, I need to be (Q8) ____________________, and talk openly about their health situation.AMOS: He says the German media has been filled with (Q9) _______________________, citing medical experts who opine about the chancellor shaking. She's been in office since 2005. Merkel is known to keep an exhausting (Q10) __________________________, and she said publicly that she doesn't sleep much. Last year, she said that she won't seek a fifth term as chancellor, and she won't seek another political role after her term ends in 2021. Still, there is (Q11) ____________________ in the media and on the streets about her (Q12) ______________________________ in office. It's mostly (Q13) ________________________, says Amjahid. For the German public, he says, health matters are private, even for the country's leader.AMJAHID: There is a lot of (Q14) ___________________. Why are you showing all that footage of her shaking? This is disrespectful. And why would you do that?AMOS: Merkel's decision to sit for the national anthem, getting through the ceremony without a tremor, was noted, and the health watch is intense. But August is near, the time of vacations for Germans, including the chancellor. It's time for (Q15) _____________________________ for Angela Merkel and for the German media.Deborah Amos, NPR News, Berlin. KEYRead the passage. Then listen to the news and fill in the blanks with the information (words, phrases or sentences) you hear.The health of Chancellor Angela Merkel has become an (Q1) issue in Germany after she appeared to suffer (Q2) uncontrolled shaking at three public events in as many weeks. Merkel has brushed off concerns, saying she's fine and has continued her famously grueling schedule. But the German media's questioning is now more (Q3) insistent, as NPR's Deborah Amos reports from Berlin.(SOUNDBITE OF MUSIC)DEBORAH AMOS, BYLINE: As the German national anthem played in a public ceremony today, Angela Merkel sat on a white upholstered chair on a red carpet. This was new for the long-serving chancellor; she would normally (Q4) stand. A last-minute change in protocol fueled even more media speculation about her three bouts of trembling. Merkel has cited dehydration, an attack of (Q5) nerves, and today, just before her 65th birthday, she cited age.(SOUNDBITE OF ARCHIVED RECORDING)CHANCELLOR ANGELA MERKEL: (Foreign language spoken).AMOS: But she insisted again that she was fine; it's just something she'll have to live with for some time. Does Angela Merkel have a health problem? Nobody knows. She said on Wednesday, my comments on this are done, and I think my statement that I am fine can find acceptance. In Germany, the health of public figures is generally considered a (Q6) private matter, and the privacy laws are strict. But this time is different. Critics have been tweeting that the health of the leader of the government is not a private matter.We don't have the American system here, says Mohamed Amjahid, the political editor of Die Zeit newspaper, where politicians are expected to (Q7) reveal health issues.MOHAMED AMJAHID: Compared to you guys in the U.S., you are like open books. I think it's a new thing with the politicians in Germany to say, I need to be (Q8) transparent, and talk openly about their health situation.AMOS: He says the German media has been filled with (Q9) speculation, citing medical experts who opine about the chancellor shaking. She's been in office since 2005. Merkel is known to keep an exhausting (Q10) schedule, and she said publicly that she doesn't sleep much. Last year, she said that she won't seek a fifth term as chancellor, and she won't seek another political role after her term ends in 2021. Still, there is (Q11) endless conversation in the media and on the streets about her (Q12) longevity in office. It's mostly (Q13) sympathetic, says Amjahid. For the German public, he says, health matters are private, even for the country's leader.AMJAHID: There is a lot of (Q14) criticism. Why are you showing all that footage of her shaking? This is disrespectful. And why would you do that?AMOS: Merkel's decision to sit for the national anthem, getting through the ceremony without a tremor, was noted, and the health watch is intense. But August is near, the time of vacations for Germans, including the chancellor. It's time for (Q15) rest and recharging for Angela Merkel and for the German media.Deborah Amos, NPR News, Berlin.

练习 | VOA常速:英国新首相组建新内阁

燕山大学 刘立军 编写 TRANSCRIPTDemonstrators crowded central London as Britain bid farewell to outgoing leader Theresa May and welcomed Boris Johnson as the country’s 55th Prime Minister. A group of climate change protesters dressed in red sought to interrupt Johnson’s motorcade on the way to Buckingham Palace for a ceremonial meeting with the Queen. The new prime minister wasted no time forming a new government to help him take Britain out of the European Union by October 31st. And though I am today building a great team of men and women, I will take personal responsibility for the change I want to see. Never mind the backstop, the buck stops here.Johnson appointed Sajid Javid as the new chancellor, making him the country’s first ethnic minority member in the position.The former Home Secretary who was once an investment banker Javid will oversee the British economy during the turbulent times expected to result from Brexit. I’m very much looking forward to working with the new team and the new prime minister, the Prime Minister has already set out some of his key priorities that includes making sure that we leave the European Union on October the 31st,and that we take advantage of the huge economic opportunities that lie ahead.To replace Javid as Home Secretary, Johnson brought back conservative Priti Patel, former International Development Secretary, who was forced to resign from May’s government after revelations she had conducted secret meetings with the Israeli government. Johnson’s former rival Jeremy Hunt was replaced with Dominic Raab as foreign secretary. The former Brexit secretary would also serve as first secretary of state which makes him eligible to become Johnson’s deputy. Obviously the full office that the messages we sent, the opportunities around the world, and our confidence in our country, taking those opportunities with fuels as optimism, some I can’t wait for. Long time Johnson ally, former security minister Ben Wallace, was promoted to defense secretary replacing Penny Mordant. Some of the cabinet members were confirmed in their positions during the government shake up, among them Brexit secretary Stephen Berkeley and health secretary Matt Hancock.Zlatica Hoke VOA News Washington.Adapted from: http://www.hxen.com/englishlistening/voaenglish/voastandardenglish/20190805/522246.html VOCABULARY1. motorcade n. a line of vehicles including one or more that famous or important people are travelling in (载着要人的)车队,汽车行列。例如:The President's motorcade glided by. 总统的车队一溜烟开了过去。2. backstop n. 守场员; 外场手; 守场员(接手)的位置; 增援3. the buck: the buck (单数) used in some expressions to refer to the responsibility or blame for sth. (用于某些表达方式)责任,过失。例如: It was my decision. The buck stops here (= nobody else can be blamed). 那是我的决定。不要追究别人了。 I was tempted to pass the buck (= make sb. else responsible). 我很想把责任推给别人。4. turbulent adj. in which there is a lot of sudden change, confusion, disagreement and sometimes violence 动荡的;动乱的;骚动的;混乱的。例如: a short and turbulent career in politics短暂动荡的政治生涯 a turbulent part of the world世界上动荡不安的地区5. eligible adj. eligible (for sth.) | eligible (to do sth.) a person who is eligible for sth. or to do sth., is able to have or do it because they have the right qualifications, are the right age, etc. 有资格的;合格的;具备条件的。例如: Only those over 70 are eligible for the special payment. 只有70岁以上的人才有资格领取这项专款。 When are you eligible to vote in your country? 在你们国家多大才有资格投票选举呢?6. deputy n. a person who is the next most important person below a business manager, a head of a school, a political leader, etc. and who does the person's job when he or she is away 副手;副职;代理。例如: I'm acting as deputy till the manager returns. 我在经理回来之前代行他的职务。 the deputy head of a school副校长 QUESTIONSRead the passage. Then listen to the news and fill in the blanks with the information (words, phrases or sentences) you hear.Demonstrators crowded central London as Britain bid farewell to outgoing leader Theresa May and welcomed Boris Johnson as the country’s 55th Prime Minister. A group of climate change (Q1) ___________________ dressed in red sought to interrupt Johnson’s motorcade on the way to Buckingham Palace for a (Q2) _______________________ meeting with the Queen. The new prime minister wasted no time forming a new government to help him take Britain out of the European Union by (Q3) _______________________. And though I am today building a great team of men and women, I will take personal (Q4) __________________________ for the change I want to see. Never mind the backstop, (Q5) _________________ stops here.Johnson appointed Sajid Javid as the new (Q6) _______________________, making him the country’s first ethnic minority member in the position.The former Home Secretary who was once an investment banker Javid will oversee the British (Q7) __________________ during the turbulent times expected to result from Brexit. I’m very much looking forward to working with the new team and the new prime minister, the Prime Minister has already set out some of his (Q8) ___________________ that includes making sure that we leave the European Union on October the 31st,and that we (Q9) __________________ the huge economic opportunities that lie ahead.To replace Javid as Home Secretary, Johnson brought back conservative Priti Patel, former International Development Secretary, who was forced to resign from May’s government after (Q10) _____________________ she had conducted secret meetings with the Israeli government. Johnson’s former rival Jeremy Hunt was replaced with Dominic Raab as (Q11) _________________. The former Brexit secretary would also serve as first secretary of state which makes him (Q12) __________________ to become Johnson’s deputy. Obviously the full office that the messages we sent, the opportunities around the world, and our confidence in our country, taking those opportunities with fuels as optimism, some I can’t wait for. Long time Johnson ally, former security minister Ben Wallace, was promoted to (Q13) __________________ replacing Penny Mordant. Some of the (Q14) ________________________ members were confirmed in their positions during the government (Q15) ________________________, among them Brexit secretary Stephen Berkeley and health secretary Matt Hancock.Zlatica Hoke VOA News Washington. KEYRead the passage. Then listen to the news and fill in the blanks with the information (words, phrases or sentences) you hear.Demonstrators crowded central London as Britain bid farewell to outgoing leader Theresa May and welcomed Boris Johnson as the country’s 55th Prime Minister. A group of climate change (Q1) protesters dressed in red sought to interrupt Johnson’s motorcade on the way to Buckingham Palace for a (Q2) ceremonial meeting with the Queen. The new prime minister wasted no time forming a new government to help him take Britain out of the European Union by (Q3) October 31st. And though I am today building a great team of men and women, I will take personal (Q4) responsibility for the change I want to see. Never mind the backstop, (Q5) the buck stops here.Johnson appointed Sajid Javid as the new (Q6) chancellor, making him the country’s first ethnic minority member in the position.The former Home Secretary who was once an investment banker Javid will oversee the British (Q7) economy during the turbulent times expected to result from Brexit. I’m very much looking forward to working with the new team and the new prime minister, the Prime Minister has already set out some of his (Q8) key priorities that includes making sure that we leave the European Union on October the 31st,and that we (Q9) take advantage of the huge economic opportunities that lie ahead.To replace Javid as Home Secretary, Johnson brought back conservative Priti Patel, former International Development Secretary, who was forced to resign from May’s government after (Q10) revelations she had conducted secret meetings with the Israeli government. Johnson’s former rival Jeremy Hunt was replaced with Dominic Raab as (Q11) foreign secretary. The former Brexit secretary would also serve as first secretary of state which makes him (Q12) eligible to become Johnson’s deputy. Obviously the full office that the messages we sent, the opportunities around the world, and our confidence in our country, taking those opportunities with fuels as optimism, some I can’t wait for. Long time Johnson ally, former security minister Ben Wallace, was promoted to (Q13) defense secretary replacing Penny Mordant. Some of the (Q14) cabinet members were confirmed in their positions during the government (Q15) shake up, among them Brexit secretary Stephen Berkeley and health secretary Matt Hancock.Zlatica Hoke VOA News Washington.

第九届教学大赛翻译专业组一等奖曹敏授课

授课点评:曹敏老师对教学材料理解到位,材料运用方式灵活;课堂设计较完整,授课时间安排合理,各部分之间衔接自然。曹老师在授课过程中教态自然大方,师生互动良好,授课过程中有几处亮点,练习形式灵活多样,尤其是利用微信群给学生安排每天的学习打卡活动,是一项与时俱进的具有创新性的教学手段。曹老师的授课过程表现出来在教学方面积累了相当多的成熟经验。总之,以上均体现出曹敏老师作为一名翻译专业教师的良好综合素养。授课具体表现亮点如下:亮点1(40’-1’55 ):teaching procedures表述清晰到位,重点突出;亮点2(2’07-3’03):daily exercises in wechat groups 学练结合,形式创新,与时俱进;亮点3(9’10-13’08 ):设计练习形式灵活,难度循序渐进;亮点4(14’48- 18’08): structure of interpreting notes 将自己的笔记分享出来,通过实例解析示范做笔记的正确方法。建议:首先,曹敏老师在授课过程中没有使用板书,是一个比较明显的硬伤;在讲课环节的收束也稍显仓促,未能将重点环节自己做笔记的过程充分解析,如果适当运用板书现场与学生同时做笔记,将会更直观,达到更好的授课效果。其次,曹老师的授课环节存在教学目标设置不够明确、重点不够突出的问题。最后,希望曹老师与学生增加互动,进一步活跃课堂气氛。点评专家:司显柱教授

第九届教学大赛翻译专业组一等奖桂仁娜说课

说课点评:在说课环节,所有参赛选手用的都是有关第一届中国国际进口博览会的材料。不难看出,桂仁娜老师是一位非常有经验的教师。她的教学设计结构完整,逻辑性强,教学目标明确,重点突出(即翻译中如何实现译文的“达”),教学步骤设计合理。整个教学过程分三个阶段,即课前、课中和课后。课前阶段要求学生在课前先了解进博会的有关信息,把文本先翻译成汉语,互相交流,并找出翻译的难点。在课中阶段,教师将先请学生做展示,讨论自己的译文, 接着再对几个译文进行比较点评,然后再从词汇和句子两个层面对文本的翻译进行讨论,并从中总结出相关的翻译技巧,如词的选择、词性的转换和长句的分译等。桂仁娜老师还很好地回答了提问评委的问题。整个说课过程中,桂仁娜老师非常流畅,沉稳自信,充分展示了一位优秀教师的风采。本次说课如果说有什么可以改进之处的话,主要有以下两点:一、教师对如何体现以学生为中心的教育思想,如何发挥自己的引导和协调作用方面的考虑似乎不太明显。二、在讲词汇翻译的时候,给出的部分例子,如reach out, facilitate, shopping等,似乎与“达”没有太大的关系,讨论的视角更多的是“信”的问题;三、关于句子层面的讨论牵涉到的问题太多,包括“形合”与“意合”、长句的翻译、衔接词的使用以及词序的变化等,很难在两节课的时间里完成。当然,瑕不掩瑜,桂仁娜老师在短短半小时的准备时间里迅速确定教学目标,找到教学重点,锁定教学细节,并设计了教学方案,充分展示了一位优秀教师驾驭教材的能力,值得学习。点评专家:张春柏教授

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