双语阅读 | 睡眠会如何影响心理健康?

How Does Sleep Affect Mental Health?睡眠会如何影响心理健康?王淑怡 供稿Insomniais a common problem throughout the world. According to estimates, it is believed to affect approximately 33% of the world’s population. Even people without chronicinsomnia often struggle with sleep problems. According to the United States Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (U.S. CDC), a third of adults in the U.S. report that they get less than 7 hours each night. Because of this, it is important to understand the potential impact that lack of sleep may have on health.失眠是全球普遍存在的问题。据估计,全世界大约有33%的人受到失眠的影响。即使没有慢性失眠的人也经常会出现睡眠问题。美国疾病控制和预防中心的数据显示,美国三分之一的成年人每晚的睡眠时间少于7小时。正因如此,了解睡眠不足对健康的潜在影响至关重要。The Relationship Between Sleep and Mental Health睡眠和心理健康的关系It’s no secret that sleep plays an important role in good physical and mental health. Sleep deprivation can leave you feeling irritable and exhausted in the short-term, but it can also have serious long-term health consequences as well. Lack of sleep is linked to a number of unfavorable health consequences including heart disease, type 2 diabetes, and depression.众所周知,睡眠对人们的生理和心理健康起着重要作用。睡眠不足会让人在短期内感到烦躁和疲惫,长期来看,也会对健康产生严重影响。睡眠不足和很多疾病息息相关,包括心脏病、Ⅱ型糖尿病和抑郁症等。Research suggests that the relationship between sleep and mental health is complex. While sleep disorderhas long been known to be a consequence of many psychiatric conditions, more recent views suggest that sleep problems can also worsen mental health problems.研究表明,睡眠和心理健康的关系十分复杂。长期以来,人们认为许多精神疾病会导致睡眠障碍,但最近的观点表明,睡眠问题也会加剧心理健康问题。How to cope with sleep disorders?如何应对睡眠障碍?The recommendations for treating poor sleep or sleep disturbancesare generally the same whether or not you have a psychiatriccondition. Preliminary approaches usually focus on lifestyle changes you can make. Avoiding sleep interrupters (such as caffeine, nicotine, and alcohol) and practicing good sleep habits are examples of lifestyle changes you can make that can help.无论是否患有精神疾病,治疗睡眠不佳或睡眠障碍的方法通常别无二致。可以从改变生活习惯做起,避免睡眠干扰物(如咖啡因、尼古丁和酒精等)和培养良好的睡眠习惯,这些生活方式的改变都有助于挽救你的睡眠。In addition to seeking help from medical professionals, there are also steps that you can take on your own to improve your sleep and well-being. Having good sleep hygiene is good for sleep health. Here are some things you can do:除了寻求专业医疗人士的帮助,还可以自行采取措施来改善睡眠和健康。培养良好的睡眠卫生习惯对睡眠健康大有裨益。这里有几个方法:Limit napping. Too much sleep during the day can have an effect on your ability to fall asleep at night. Naps of 20 to 30 minutes a day can help you feel more alert and rested without interrupting your nightly sleep.午睡时间不宜过长。白天睡眠时间过长会让你晚上难以入眠。每天小睡20到30分钟既能让你得到放松,又能让你更有精神,而且不会影响夜间的睡眠。Establish a nightly routine. Take a bath, read a book, or practice a few minutes of meditation to calm your body. Repeat these routines each night to help set the mood for a solid night’s sleep.养成固定的夜间作息。洗个澡,读本书,或者进行几分钟冥想,让身体平静下来。每天晚上重复这些事情能够帮助你营造安稳入睡的氛围。Avoid caffeine or stimulantstoo close to bedtime. Consuming coffee, soda, or other caffeinated products in the late afternoon or evening can make it difficult to fall asleep.避免晚间摄入咖啡因或其他含兴奋剂的食品。傍晚或夜间摄入咖啡、苏打水或其他含咖啡因的产品会让人难以入睡。Turn off your devices. Watching television or playing on your phone at bedtime can make it more difficult to relax and settle down for sleep. Try putting your phone in a different room and investing in a clock radio for your bedside table.关掉电子设备。睡前看电视或玩手机会让人难以放松下来入睡。试着把手机放到另一个房间,另外买一个带闹钟的收音机放在床头吧!Talk to a mental health professional if you suspect that your sleep problems might be caused by or contributing to a mental health condition. Depression, anxiety, and other psychiatric disorders can interfere with sleep – but addressing your sleep problems may also have a positive impact on your psychological symptoms.如果你怀疑自己的睡眠问题是心理健康疾病导致的,那么请咨询心理健康专家。抑郁、焦虑和其他精神疾病会影响睡眠,但解决睡眠问题也会对你的心理健康状况产生积极影响。【VOCABULARY】1.insomnian.失眠,失眠症2.chronicadj.慢性的,长期的3.diabetes n.糖尿病4.sleep disorder睡眠障碍,失眠5.disturbancen.(身体)不适,心神不安6.psychiatricadj.(与)精神病(有关)的7.stimulant n.兴奋剂(封面图片来源于摄图网,版权归摄图网所有)

双语阅读 | 减肥是否应该不吃晚饭?

Should You Skip Dinner to Lose Weight?减肥是否应该不吃晚饭?王淑怡 供稿There's an old saying about healthy eating: “Breakfast like a king, lunch like a prince and supper like a pauper.” In other words,front-loadmore calories in the early part of the day. But does that mean you should be skipping dinner if you want to lose weight?The short answer: Not necessarily.关于健康饮食有一句老话,“早餐吃得像国王,午餐吃得像王子,晚餐吃得像乞丐”。也就是说,你可以在早上摄入更多的卡路里。但是,这是否意味着如果你想减肥,就应该不吃晚餐?答案是,未必如此。In a January 2021 Nutrientsstudy, researchers found that college-aged students who regularly skipped dinner gained more weight than their counterparts who — for the most part — ate dinner daily. Dinner-skippers gained about 10 percent of their body weight over the six-year study period and were also more likely to be in the overweight/obese category (BMI≥25kg/m2). These findings were consistent in both people assigned male at birth and people assigned female at birth.2021年1月,在《营养素》(Nutrients)的一项研究中,研究人员发现,在大多数情况下,经常不吃晚餐的大学生比每天吃晚餐的大学生体重增加得更多。在六年的研究期间,不吃晚餐的人体重大约增加了10%,而且更有可能属于超重或肥胖人群(体重指数≥25kg/m2),以上结果对于男女来说均是如此。“People who skip dinner still eat throughout the evening, they just tend to eat more snack-like foods, which is what would lead to weight gain,” saysa researcher,“From my experience, [dinner-skippers] most likely load up on snacks that tend to lack nutrition, are low in fiber and protein, and high in sugar and carbs. These types of food rarely fill you up butcan lead to eating more.”“不吃晚餐的人晚上仍然会吃东西,他们只是倾向于吃更多零食类的食物,这是导致他们体重增加的原因,”一名研究人员表示,“根据我的经验,[不吃晚餐的人]最可能吃的零食往往缺乏营养,纤维和蛋白质含量低,而糖和碳水化合物含量高。这类食物无法让你吃饱,反而会让你吃得更多。”Still, there's other research that indicates skipping dinner could encourage weight loss. For instance, the research, based on a seven-year dietary analysis of 50,000 adults, found that body weight, measured by body mass index, corresponds with when we eat and how often we eat. Specifically, people who eat larger breakfasts and adopt an 18-hour overnight fast, say from 1 pm to 7 am, have the lowest body weights. Those who ate more than three meals, or three meals plus snacks, had higher BMIs.不过,还有其他的研究证明,不吃晚饭有利于减肥。例如,在对五万名成年人长达七年的饮食分析的基础上,有研究发现体重指数与进食时间和进食频率相关。具体而言,早餐吃得多、18小时(下午1点至早上7点)空腹的人,体重指数最低。一天吃三顿以上,或者三餐加零食,体重指数会更高一些。Skipping dinner seems to work in the above study because participants were essentially intermittent fastingversus forgoing dinner and then having a snackfest later in the evening.“When people implement intermittent fasting, skipping dinner can be a powerful weight-loss tool,” says theresearcher, “this type of fasting is called circadian rhythmfasting and mimicsour traditional eating patterns.The goal is to eat when the sun comes up and finish eating when the sun goes down. Eating in line with your circadian rhythms can make for better weight managementas well as improved sleep, etc.”在上述研究中,不吃晚餐似乎很有效,但这是因为参与者基本是间歇性禁食,而不是不吃晚餐,然后在晚上吃零食。“当人们采用间歇性禁食法时,不吃晚餐可以成为一个强有力的减肥方式,”研究人员表示,“这种类型的禁食被称为昼夜节律禁食,模仿我们的传统饮食习惯,即在太阳升起和落山时进食。按照昼夜节律进食可以帮助你更好地控制体重,改善睡眠等。”Of course, thisintermittent fasting approach isn't for everyone. People who maintain highly active lifestyles, for instance, and need adequate fuel to power morning runs or help muscle fibers recover from intense evening workouts like weightlifting might not benefit. 当然,这种间歇性禁食并不适合所有人。比如,对那些日常生活高度耗能的人来说,这种禁食可能没有益处;他们需要充足的燃料,来为晨跑提供动力、或使肌肉纤维从高强度的夜间锻炼(例如举重)后得到恢复。If you're looking to lose 10 pounds, eating a healthy and light dinner will help your body maintain its functions. Also, dinner is important because after a long day full of activities, your body needs to fuel up. It is unhealthy if you skip your dinner or consume way too much for dinner. So, the key is to maintain balance. 如果你想要减重10磅,吃一顿健康和清淡的晚餐能够帮助你的身体维持各项功能。此外,晚餐十分重要,因为经过一整天的活动,你的身体需要补充能量。如果你不吃晚餐或晚餐吃得太多,都是不健康的,关键是要保持平衡。【VOCABULARY】1.paupern.乞丐;穷人;靠救济度日者2.front-loadv.将(费用、经历等)更多地用于前期3.nutrient n.营养物4.BMI n.体重指数(body mass index的缩写)5.intermittent fasting间歇性禁食;断食疗法6.circadian rhythm[生理] 生理节律;[生理] 近昼夜节律;日周期节律7.mimicsv.模仿(封面图片来源于摄图网,版权归摄图网所有)

双语阅读 | 养狗者和养猫者的性格差异

Personality Differences Between Dog and Cat Owners养狗者和养猫者的性格差异王淑怡 供稿Are you a cat person or a dog person?The whole cats versus dogs sagahas been going on forever. We tend to use the answer to the aforementionedquestion to separate people into two different groups: cat people or dog people. In the past, it’s never really been clear just how much someone’s choice of pet actually says about their personality or their lifestyle.你是喜欢猫还是喜欢狗?猫狗大战的故事一再上演。根据前面这个问题的答案,我们往往会把人分成两类:爱猫之人和爱狗之人。究竟人们对宠物的选择在多大程度上体现了自己的性格和生活方式?在过去,这个问题好像一直没有搞清楚。According to an Associated Press-Petside.com poll, 74 percent of their test sample like dogs a lot, and only 41 percent like cats a lot.Some people seem to likeeither dogs or cats and dislikethe other species. Fifteen percent of the adults questioned said they disliked cats a lot, while the number who said they disliked dogs a lot was only 2 percent.美联社和宠物网站Petside.com联合发起的调查显示,在被调查的人群中,74%喜欢狗,而只有41%喜欢猫。有些人似乎只爱一种而讨厌另一种。15%的成年被调查者表示他们很讨厌猫,而只有2%表示很讨厌狗。Certainly, the relationship between cats and humans has always been quite different than the relationship between dogs and people.There are sound reasons to suspect that the preference for dogs or cats reflects some underlying human personality differences. In fact, the behaviors of both species havebeenkept from their heritage prior to domestication.无可否认,猫与人的关系和狗与人的关系大不相同。我们有充分理由相信,对猫狗的偏爱反映了一些潜在的人类性格差异。事实上,这两个物种的行为习性历来如此,被驯化后也没有改变。In the wild, cats are usually solitary hunters and often are active mostly at night. In contrast, wild caninesare usually sociable pack animals that work in groups and are active between dawn and dusk. Our domestic dogs retain this need for social interaction to the degree that without a master and a family, a dog seems unhappy — almost lost. Dogs will intrude on a person’s ongoing activities if they are feeling lonely and want some company or play.在野外,猫通常单独狩猎,往往在夜间活动,而野生犬科动物则总是成群结队,在白天行动。家养的宠物狗在很大程度上仍然保有这种社会性需求,如果没有主人和家庭,它们会看起来很不开心——甚至可以说很失落。一旦它们感到孤单,想要人陪伴或玩耍的时候,它们就会打断你正在进行的活动,求取关注。Cats, on the other hand, are often invisible during the day, seeming only to appear in the evening. Cats will occasionally engage in social activities or play with people, but their interest is limited. Usually, after only a few minutes, cats will abandon the game and wander away. Dogs, on the other hand, will often engage in play, like fetching a thrown ball, for hours at a time, and it is usually the human that quits the game first.猫则正好相反,经常白天不见踪影,傍晚才会露面,虽然偶尔也会参加社交活动或与人一起玩耍,但总是兴趣不大。通常过不了几分钟,猫就会放弃游戏,转身溜走。狗则玩得很投入,扔球捡球的游戏一次可以玩上几个小时,往往是人玩厌了,狗还没厌。Apsychologisthasconducted a study which involved 6,149 people, aged 16 to 94. The results showed that people who owned only cats seemed to be somewhat different than dog owners, or people who owned both dogs and cats, in terms of their personalities. People who own both dogs and cats seem to be much like the people who own only dogs. What’s more, cat owners were one-third more likely to live alone than dog owners and twice as likely to live in an apartment or flat. Being married, living in a house, and having children living in the home are all factors that are more likely for dog owners than cat owners. A single woman was the most likely individual to have a cat. Of the people who grew up in a house with cats as pets, 47 percent were likely to have cats today, while only 11 percent of people whose childhood years were spent in a house with a dog have only a cat as a pet.心理学家曾进行过一项研究,对象涉及6149人,年龄在16到94岁不等。结果显示,如果一个人只养猫,那么他的性格似乎和养狗或者猫狗都养的人有所不同,而猫狗都养的人则更像养狗的人。除此之外,养猫的人比养狗的人独居的可能性高出三分之一,而住在公寓的可能性则高出两倍。比起养猫的人,养狗的人更可能是是已婚人士,住在独栋房屋里,家里有孩子。单身女性则最有可能养猫。住在独栋房屋中,与宠物猫一起长大的人们,有47%现在继续养猫,而小时候屋里养狗的人则只有11%现在只养猫。As forthe personality profile,people who own only cats tend to be relatively introvertedand also reasonably cool.Cat owners are relatively low in dominance. People who are high on dominance are generally described as being forceful, assertive, persistent,self-assured, and self-confident. They are the people who stand out in social gatherings, as opposed to people who are low in dominance that come across as being more timid, bashful, shy, and unaggressive. At last, cat owners appear to be fairly trusting. People high on this dimension are often described as obliging, modest, straightforward, and “good sports”.People low on this dimension can be more suspicious and manipulative. In conclusion, dog owners are more social, interactive, and accepting, and cat owners are more introverted, self-contained, and less sociable.在性格特征上,养猫的人相对更内向也更冷淡。他们的支配欲相对较低。支配欲高的人比较强势、果敢、固执和自信,在社会交往中表现更突出。相比之下,支配欲低的人则比较怯懦、害羞,攻击性低。最后,养猫的人还很容易相信别人。容易相信他人的人往往被描述为乐于助人、谦逊直率、“输得起”;而不容易相信他人的人则更加多疑,喜欢左右别人。总的来说,养狗的人更喜欢社会交际,与人互动,也更易接受别人的意见;养猫者则更内向,特立独行,不善交际。No matter what kind of pet you own, dog and cat owners both share the most important trait: a love of and a feeling of great responsibility for their pets. It’s your pet, but you are its all.不论你是养猫还是养狗,都有一个最重要的共同点,那就是对宠物的热爱和强烈的责任感。虽然它只是你的宠物,但你却是它的全部。【VOCABULARY】1.sagan.长篇故事2.aforementionedadj.上述的;此前提及的3.domestication n.驯养;教化4.caninen. 犬科动物5.introvertedadj. 内向的6.self-assuredadj.自信的;胸有成竹的7.bashfuladj. 害羞的;腼腆的8.obligingadj.乐于助人的;热情的9.good sportsn.输得起的运动员10.manipulativeadj.善于操纵的;会控制的;会摆布人的(封面图片来源于摄图网,版权归摄图网所有)

练习 | 苗条基因

Skinny Genes苗条基因燕山大学 刘立军 供稿TRANSCRIPTThis is Scientific American's 60-second Science. I'm Karen Hopkin.Do you have skinny genes? And I'm not talking about the pants you wore in college but can't fit into anymore. No, skinny genes are factors found in folks who are naturally svelte. And researchers have just identified one that appears to tell the body's adiposetissue to burn more fat."We all know these people who can eat whatever they want but never gain any weight."Josef Penninger is a geneticist at the University of British Columbia. He says that individuals who are effortlessly trim may hold the key to understanding obesity. See, scientists interested in learning how we control our weight have traditionally focused on the things that make you fat, like diet or metabolism..."But not really studied why people actually stay skinny. So we thought we'd just turn around the fields and study genetics of thinness."Penninger and his colleagues started out by searching a database maintained by a genomecenter in Estonia for its most slender registrants. And they weeded outpeople who were listed as having anorexiaor other conditions that alter body fat. Then they looked for genetic markers that track with these Skinny Petes.One gene, in particular, caught their eye: ALK, or the gene for anaplastic lymphoma kinase, is a stretch of DNA whose mutantform has been associated with human cancers."But its normal function had never been established."So the scientists made mutant fruit flies and mutant mice..."To really show that the gene associated with thinness in humans makes also flies and mice skinny. And that's exactly what we found."But the mutant gene doesn't cause the animals to eat less."We found that ALK acts in our brains and what it does: it allows our body to burn more calories per same food we eat."So the brain tells fat cells to burn more of the fat they have socked away."People, mice and, we believe, also flies stay skinny. So this mechanism is evolutionarily conserved from insects to humans and, wedobelieve, opens up an entirely new field of thinness."The study is in the journal Cell.There are already drugs that inhibitthe cancer-causing form of ALK, which means that ALK is what scientists call a druggable target."So maybe one day we can indeed develop a pill which keeps us thin."Thanks for listening for Scientific American's 60-second Science. I'm Karen Hopkin.VOCABULARY1.svelte adj.(of a person, especially a woman 人,尤指女子) thin and attractive 苗条的;身材修长的2.adiposeadj.(of body tissue 身体组织) used for storing fat 用于贮存脂肪的3. metabolism n.新陈代谢4. genomen.the complete set of genes in a cell or living thing 基因组;染色体组。例如:the human genome人体基因组5.weed out: 清除6.anorexia n.an emotional disorder , especially affecting young women, in which there is an abnormal fear of being fat, causing the person to stop eating, leading to dangerous weight loss (尤指年轻女子害怕肥胖而引起的)厌食,食欲缺乏,神经性厌食7.anaplastic lymphoma kinase间变性淋巴瘤激酶8.mutant adj. 因基因变异而不同的9. sock away: (North Amercian English) to save money 储存(钱);积攒(钱)10.inhibit v.to prevent sth. from happening or make it happen more slowly or less frequently than normal 阻止;阻碍;抑制QUESTIONSRead the statements. Then listen to the news and decide whether the statements are true (T) or false (F).1. Genes are factors found in folks who are naturally thin and attractive.2. Josef Penninger is a geneticist at the University of Columbia. 3. Penninger and his colleagues started out by searching a database maintained by a genome center inEstonia for its most slender registrants.4. ALK is a stretch of DNA whose mutant form has been associated with human cancers.5. ALK will not allow our body to burn more calories per same food we eat.6. Maybe one day we can indeed develop a pill which keeps us live long.KEY Read the statements. Then listen to the news and decide whether the statements are true (T) or false (F).(T) 1. Genes are factors found in folks who are naturally thin and attractive.(F) 2. Josef Penninger is a geneticist at the University of Columbia. (正确表达)Josef Penninger is a geneticist at the University of British Columbia. (T) 3. Penninger and his colleagues started out by searching a database maintained by a genome center in Estonia for its most slender registrants. (T) 4. ALK is a stretch of DNA whose mutant form has been associated with human cancers.(F) 5. ALK will not allowour body to burn more calories per same food we eat.(正确表达) ALK allowsour body to burn more calories per same food we eat.(F) 6. Maybe one day we can indeed develop a pill which helpsus live long.(正确表达)Maybe one day we can indeed develop a pill which keeps us thin.(封面图片来源于摄图网,版权归摄图网所有)

练习 | 印度单日新增新冠肺炎死亡人数首破4千

India recorded for the first time more than 4,000 coronavirusdeaths in one day 印度单日新增新冠肺炎死亡人数首破4千燕山大学 刘立军 供稿TRANSCRIPTBBC News. Hello, I'm Tom Watts. India has recorded for the first time more than 4,000 deaths in one day from the coronavirus. There are fears that the actual number of deaths is much higher and that the current surge of infections, already over 400,000 a day, may not peak until the end of May. The BBC's Devina Gupta who's in Delhi says oxygen shortages are still causing problems. For now, hospitals claim India gets less than half of 700 metrictons that it requires to deal with the current crisis. Delhi's chief minister has so far said oxygen crisis is abatingin Delhi and there is being a crackdownonthose who have been holding oxygen kits and private entrepreneurs who have been selling them at a higher rate to the public, which is in need at the moment.VOCABULARY1.metric adj. 米制的;公制的2.abate v.(formal) to become less strong; to make sth. less strong (使)减弱,减退,减轻,减少3. crackdownon sb. / sth.:severe action taken to restrict the activities of criminals or of people opposed to the government or sb. in authority 严厉的打击;镇压。例如:a crackdown on crime对犯罪的严厉打击QUESTIONSRead the passage. Then listen to the news and fill in the blanks with the information (words, phrases or sentences) you hear.BBC News. Hello, I'm Tom Watts. India has recorded for the first time more than 4,000 deaths in one day from the (Q1) ________________. There are fears that the (Q2) ____________ number of deaths is much (Q3) ________________ and that the current (Q4) _____________ of infections, already over 400,000 a day, may not (Q5) _______________ until the end of May. The BBC's Devina Gupta who's in Delhi says (Q6) _____________________ are still causing problems. For now, (Q7) ________________ claim India gets less than half of 700 metric tons that it requires to deal with the current crisis. Delhi's chief minister has so far said (Q8) _____________ crisis is abating in Delhi and there is being a crackdown on those who have been holding oxygen kits and private (Q9) ___________________ who have been selling them at a higher rate to the public, which is (Q10) __________________ at the moment.KEY Read the passage. Then listen to the news and fill in the blanks with the information (words, phrases or sentences) you hear.BBC News. Hello, I'm Tom Watts. India has recorded for the first time more than 4,000 deaths in one day from the (Q1) coronavirus. There are fears that the (Q2) actualnumber of deaths is much (Q3) higherand that the current (Q4) surgeof infections, already over 400,000 a day, may not (Q5) peakuntil the end of May. The BBC's Devina Gupta who's in Delhi says (Q6) oxygen shortagesare still causing problems. For now, (Q7) hospitalsclaim India gets less than half of 700 metric tons that it requires to deal with the current crisis. Delhi's chief minister has so far said (Q8) oxygencrisis is abating in Delhi and there is being a crackdown on those who have been holding oxygen kits and private (Q9) entrepreneurswho have been selling them at a higher rate to the public, which is (Q10) in needat the moment.(封面图片来源于摄图网,版权归摄图网所有)

练习 | 白宫拨款振兴因疫情受创餐饮业

The White House announced a program to help restaurantslost business during the pandemic白宫拨款振兴因疫情受创餐饮业燕山大学 刘立军 供稿TRANSCRIPTThis is AP News Minute.New Education Department numbers show 54% of US elementary and middle schools offered full-time classroom learning in March. President Biden had a goal of having most elementary and middle schools open for in person learning during his first 100 days in office.The White House says a program to help restaurants, bars and eateriesthat lost business during the pandemic is accepting applications. It says more than 186,000 businesses applied in the first two days.Canada is now the first country to approve the Pfizer COVID-19 vaccine for children ages 12-15. US and European authorities are reviewing the Pfizer vaccine and could green lightit for that age group.SpaceX successfully launched and landed its futuristicStarship in south Texas on Wednesday. The company hopes to use the spacecraft to send people to the Moon and Mars.VOCABULARY1. eateryn.(informal, especially North American English) a restaurant or other place that serves food 餐馆2. green lightn. permission for a project, etc. to start or continue 准许;许可;绿灯。例如:The government has decided to give the green light to the plan. 政府已决定为这项计划开绿灯。3.futuristic adj. imagining what the future will be like 幻想未来的;想象未来情况的。例如:a futuristic novel幻想未来的小说QUESTIONSRead the passage. Then listen to the news and fill in the blanks with the information (words, phrases or sentences) you hear.This is AP News Minute.New Education Department numbers show 54% of US (Q1) ________________________ offered full-time (Q2) ____________________ in March. President Biden had a goal of having most elementary and middle schools open for in person learning during his first 100 days (Q3) ______.The White House says a program to help (Q4) ___________________________ that lost business during the pandemic is accepting applications. It says more than 186,000 (Q5) _______________ applied in the first two days.Canada is now the first country to approve the Pfizer COVID-19 vaccine for (Q6) __________ ages 12-15. US and European (Q7) _____________________ are reviewing the Pfizer vaccine and could (Q8) ____________________ it for that age group.SpaceX successfully launched and landed its (Q9) ________________ Starship in south Texas on Wednesday. The company hopes to use the spacecraft to send people to (Q10) __________________.KEY Read the passage. Then listen to the news and fill in the blanks with the information (words, phrases or sentences) you hear.This is AP News Minute.New Education Department numbers show 54% of US (Q1) elementary and middle schoolsoffered full-time (Q2) classroom learningin March. President Biden had a goal of having most elementary and middle schools open for in person learning during his first 100 days (Q3) in office.The White House says a program to help (Q4) restaurants, bars and eateriesthat lost business during the pandemic is accepting applications. It says more than 186,000 (Q5) businessesapplied in the first two days.Canada is now the first country to approve the Pfizer COVID-19 vaccine for (Q6) childrenages 12-15. US and European (Q7) authoritiesare reviewing the Pfizer vaccine and could (Q8) green lightit for that age group.SpaceX successfully launched and landed its (Q9) futuristicStarship in south Texas on Wednesday. The company hopes to use the spacecraft to send people to (Q10) the Moon and Mars.(封面图片来源于摄图网,版权归摄图网所有)

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