练习 | VOA词汇掌故:常见肢体语言的含义

VOA词汇掌故:常见肢体语言的含义燕山大学刘立军编写uTRANSCRIPTNow, the VOA Learning English program, Words and Their Stories.On this program we explore words and common expressions in American English.We communicate most commonly, of course, with our words. But we also speak with our bodies. We call it body language.Sometimes, though, we need to describe our body language with words. That is what today's show is about - talking about body language.Two types of body language have made their way into text messaging and social media language.The most common is LOL. If we are LOL-ing, we are laughing out loud. That is whatLOLstands for. And it is easy to know when to use this. If a friend writes something to you that is extremely funny - orhilarious- you can reply with a "LOL." In conversation, though, it sounds weird to say the letters "L-O-L."Here's another one you might see in a text message from a friend.So, when someone nods their head up and down, that means they are in agreement. And if they shake their heads back and forth, it means they are disagreeing.Well, sometimes it does. Sometimes shaking one's head means something completely different.For example, I might say I could only shake my head at hisarrogance. This means that I couldn't believe that he had said or done something so arrogant. In a text, email or social media post, you can simply type SMH. But just as with LOL, it doesn't sound right in spoken English.Here is an example of how to use the full phrase "shake my head" in a conversation.I can't believe how your friend acted at the funeral! When the preacher began speaking, she laughed out loud. It was so disrespectful.How do you think I felt? I was standing with her! I could only shake my head andcringeinside. It was so embarrassing!If your friend is always behaving badly, you may just have to throw your hands up. This body language expression means that you realize that you cannot do anything to make a situation better.For example, let's say you are teaching a roomful of young children when suddenly a dog runs through the classroom! The children jump up and start laughing and chasing the dog. You can't do anything to quiet them down. So, you just throw your hands up and let them have fun.Shrugging your shoulders is when you raise and lower them. As body language, it shows that you don't care about something. But it can also mean that you are uncertain or perhaps just bored.For example, let's say I am babysitting a friend's child. At dinnertime, I ask the child, "So, do you want pasta or rice for dinner?" He doesn't say anything. He just shrugs his shoulders. So, I made my favorite - pasta with tomato sauce!Rolling your eyes is another way to show you don't care. This body language says that you don't care AT ALL about what someone is saying. Eye-rolling is even more disrespectful than shoulder-shrugging. So, teachers and parents often criticize children for eye-rolls by simply saying, "Don't roll your eyes at me!"Staying with the eyes, we come to raising eyebrows. Usually when we raise our eyebrows, our faces look as if we are surprised or shocked by something. But raising your eyebrows can also show that you disapprove of something. There is a certain amount of judgement in eyebrow-raising.Let's hear it used in a short dialogue.Did you hear about Jack? During the weekly meeting with staff, he wore a head-to-toe clown costume.Oh, that's nothing. He lost a bet with his son and had to wear it.Well, it raised some eyebrows around the office. People are saying he isn't serious enough to be manager.Wearing a clown costume is nothing to raise your eyebrows at. People should really lighten up!Now, when some people are nervous, they bite their nails. It may not be a good habit, but it has given us a useful word.Something, such as a game or a movie, that causes you to feel nervous because the ending is not known until the final moment is called a nail-biter!When talking about a sporting event, the opposite of a nail-biter is a blow-out. A blow-out is a game where one team out scores the other by a lot!Did you watch the basketball game last night?I did! What a great game.I know. I haven't seen a game that close in a long time. It was a real nail-biter! The score was tied until the last 10 minutes!It was a much better game than last week. That game was ablow-out. One team scored 68 points in the first quarter while the other didn't even score one. Boring.And that's all for this Words and Their Stories.Even though this program is not a nail-biter, we hope you're not rolling your eyes or shrugging your shoulders with boredom. And we certainly hope your eyebrows aren't raised in disapproval. But we do hope you give us a thumbsup, which, of course, means "good job."I'm Anna Matteo.Adapted fromhttp://www.kekenet.com/broadcast/201910/598353.shtmluVOCABULARY1.hilariousadj. extremely funny极其滑稽的。例如:la hilarious joke/story令人捧腹的笑话/故事lLynn found the whole situation hilarious.林恩觉得这一切都非常滑稽。lDo you know Pete? He's hilarious.你认识皮特吗?他风趣得很。2.arrogancen.(不可数名词)the behaviour of a person when they feel that they are more important than other people, so that they are rude to them or do not consider them傲慢;自大3.cringev. to feel very embarrassed and uncomfortable about sth.感到尴尬不安;觉得难为情。例如:I cringe when I think of the poems I wrote then.每当我想起我那时写的诗歌就感到很难堪。uEXERCISESRead the passage. Then listen to the news and fill in the blanks with the information (words, phrases or sentences) you hear.Now, the VOA Learning English program, Words and Their Stories.On this program we explore words and common expressions in American English.We communicate most commonly, of course, with our words. But we also speak with our bodies. We call it [Q1] ________________________________.Sometimes, though, we need to describe our body language with words. That is what today's show is about - talking about body language.Two types of body language have made their way into [Q2] ________________________________.The most common is LOL. If we are LOL-ing, we are[Q3] ____________________. That is whatLOLstands for. And it is easy to know when to use this. If a friend writes something to you that is extremely funny - or hilarious - you can reply with a "LOL." In conversation, though, itsoundsweird to say the letters "L-O-L."Here's another one you might see in a text message from a friend.So, when someone nods their head up and down, that means they are inagreement. And if they shake their heads back and forth, it means they are disagreeing.Well, sometimes it does. Sometimes shaking one's head means something completely different.For example, I might say I could only[Q4]at his arrogance. This means that I couldn't believe that he had said or done something so arrogant. In a text, email or social media post, you can simply type SMH. But just as with LOL, it doesn't sound right in spoken English.Here is an example of how to use the full phrase "shake my head" in a conversation.I can't believe how your friend acted at the funeral! When the preacher began speaking, she laughed out loud. It was so disrespectful.How do you think I felt? I was standing with her! I could only shake my head and cringe inside. It was so embarrassing!If your friend is always behaving badly, you may just have to [Q5] __________________________. This body language expression means that you realize that you cannot do anything to make a situation better.For example, let's say you are teaching a roomful of young children when suddenly a dog runs through the classroom! The children jump up and start laughing and chasing the dog. You can't do anything to quiet them down. So, you just throw your hands up and let them have fun.[Q6] ___________________________________ is when you raise and lower them. As body language, it shows that you don't care about something. But it can also mean that you are uncertain or perhaps just bored.For example, let's say I am babysitting a friend's child. At dinnertime, I ask the child, "So, do you want pasta or rice for dinner?" He doesn't say anything. He just shrugs his shoulders. So, I made my favorite - pasta with tomato sauce![Q7] ______________________________ is another way to show you don't care. This body language says that you don't care AT ALL about what someone is saying. Eye-rolling is even more disrespectful than shoulder-shrugging. So, teachers and parents often criticize children for eye-rolls by simply saying, "Don't roll your eyes at me!"Staying with the eyes, we come to [Q8] ____________________________. Usually when we raise our eyebrows, our faces look as if we are surprised or shocked by something. But raising your eyebrows can also show that you disapprove of something. There is a certain amount of judgement in eyebrow-raising.Let's hear it used in a short dialogue.Did you hear about Jack? During the weekly meeting with staff, he wore a head-to-toe clown costume.Oh, that's nothing. He lost a bet with his son and had to wear it.Well, it raised some eyebrows around the office. People are saying he isn't serious enough to be manager.Wearing a clown costume is nothing to raise your eyebrows at. People should really lighten up!Now, when some people are nervous, they [Q9] _________________________________. It may not be a good habit, but it has given us a useful word.Something, such as a game or a movie, that causes you to feel nervous because the ending is not known until the final moment is called a nail-biter!When talking about a sporting event, the opposite of a nail-biter is a blow-out. A blow-out is a game where one team outscores the other by a lot!Did you watch the basketball game last night?I did! What a great game.I know. I haven't seen a game that close in a long time. It was a real nail-biter! The score was tied until the last 10 minutes!It was a much better game than last week. That game was ablow-out. One team scored 68 points in the first quarter while the other didn't even score one. Boring.And that's all for this Words and Their Stories.Even though this program is not a nail-biter, we hope you're not rolling your eyes or shrugging your shoulders with boredom. And we certainly hope your eyebrows aren't raised in disapproval. But we do hope you give us a [Q10] ___________________________, which, of course, means "good job."I'm Anna Matteo.uKEYRead the passage. Then listen to the news and fill in the blanks with the information (words, phrases or sentences) you hear.Now, the VOA Learning English program, Words and Their Stories.On this program we explore words and common expressions in American English.We communicate most commonly, of course, with our words. But we also speak with our bodies. We call it [Q1]body language.Sometimes, though, we need to describe our body language with words. That is what today's show is about - talking about body language.Two types of body language have made their way into [Q2]text messaging and social medialanguage.The most common is LOL. If we are LOL-ing, we are[Q3]laughing out loud. That is whatLOLstands for. And it is easy to know when to use this. If a friend writes something to you that is extremely funny - or hilarious - you can reply with a "LOL." In conversation, though, itsoundsweird to say the letters "L-O-L."Here's another one you might see in a text message from a friend.So, when someone nods their head up and down, that means they are inagreement. And if they shake their heads back and forth, it means they are disagreeing.Well, sometimes it does. Sometimes shaking one's head means something completely different.For example, I might say I could only[Q4]shakemy headat his arrogance. This means that I couldn't believe that he had said or done something so arrogant. In a text, email or social media post, you can simply type SMH. But just as with LOL, it doesn't sound right in spoken English.Here is an example of how to use the full phrase "shake my head" in a conversation.I can't believe how your friend acted at the funeral! When the preacher began speaking, she laughed out loud. It was so disrespectful.How do you think I felt? I was standing with her! I could only shake my head and cringe inside. It was so embarrassing!If your friend is always behaving badly, you may just have to [Q5]throw your hands up. This body language expression means that you realize that you cannot do anything to make a situation better.For example, let's say you are teaching a roomful of young children when suddenly a dog runs through the classroom! The children jump up and start laughing and chasing the dog. You can't do anything to quiet them down. So, you just throw your hands up and let them have fun.[Q6]Shrugging your shouldersis when you raise and lower them. As body language, it shows that you don't care about something. But it can also mean that you are uncertain or perhaps just bored.For example, let's say I am babysitting a friend's child. At dinnertime, I ask the child, "So, do you want pasta or rice for dinner?" He doesn't say anything. He just shrugs his shoulders. So, I made my favorite - pasta with tomato sauce![Q7]Rolling your eyesis another way to show you don't care. This body language says that you don't care AT ALL about what someone is saying. Eye-rolling is even more disrespectful than shoulder-shrugging. So, teachers and parents often criticize children for eye-rolls by simply saying, "Don't roll your eyes at me!"Staying with the eyes, we come to [Q8]raising eyebrows. Usually when we raise our eyebrows, our faces look as if we are surprised or shocked by something. But raising your eyebrows can also show that you disapprove of something. There is a certain amount of judgement in eyebrow-raising.Let's hear it used in a short dialogue.Did you hear about Jack? During the weekly meeting with staff, he wore a head-to-toe clown costume.Oh, that's nothing. He lost a bet with his son and had to wear it.Well, it raised some eyebrows around the office. People are saying he isn't serious enough to be manager.Wearing a clown costume is nothing to raise your eyebrows at. People should really lighten up!Now, when some people are nervous, they [Q9]bite their nails. It may not be a good habit, but it has given us a useful word.Something, such as a game or a movie, that causes you to feel nervous because the ending is not known until the final moment is called a nail-biter!When talking about a sporting event, the opposite of a nail-biter is a blow-out. A blow-out is a game where one team outscores the other by a lot!Did you watch the basketball game last night?I did! What a great game.I know. I haven't seen a game that close in a long time. It was a real nail-biter! The score was tied until the last 10 minutes!It was a much better game than last week. That game was ablow-out. One team scored 68 points in the first quarter while the other didn't even score one. Boring.And that's all for this Words and Their Stories.Even though this program is not a nail-biter, we hope you're not rolling your eyes or shrugging your shoulders with boredom. And we certainly hope your eyebrows aren't raised in disapproval. But we do hope you give us a [Q10]thumbs up, which, of course, means "good job."I'm Anna Matteo.

NASA宇航服焕新升级

郭逸纯 供稿After 50 years since humans first set foot on the Moon during the Apollo program, NASA is now working on the Artemis program which aims to land the first woman and the next man on the lunar surface by 2024. This program is named after another god of Greek mythology, Artemis, who is both the twin sister of Apollo and the goddess of the Moon.在人类首次登月50年后的今天,美国国家航空航天局(NASA)着手开启“阿尔忒弥斯计划”,预计在2024年前将首位女性登月宇航员和一位男性宇航员送上月球。这一计划以希腊神话中的女神阿尔忒弥斯命名,阿尔忒弥斯是阿波罗的孪生姐姐,也是一位月亮女神。To make full preparation for this long-awaited return to the Moon, NASA unveiled two new spacesuits in October. The next-generation spacesuits upgrading the classic ones worn by astronauts during the Apollo program in the 1960s and 1970s give astronauts more comfort and mobility on the Moon. Here are some highlights of the new spacesuits.为了给这次期待已久的重返月球计划做好充分准备,NASA在十月份公布了两款新型宇航服。新一代宇航服对20世纪六七十年代“阿波罗计划” 所使用的的经典款宇航服进行了升级,更加舒适、灵活。下面一起来看看本次公布的新款宇航服有哪些亮点吧!Improve Mobility灵活性提升During the Apollo program, astronauts had to bunny hop on the surface of the Moon and could easily stumble due to the limited mobility of their suits, which led to low efficiency and could cause unimaginable danger. The new suits with advanced materials and flexible bearings allow for a greater range of movement at the waist, arms and legs. Astronauts will be able to reach across their body, perform squats and even bend down to pick up a rock and then lift it overhead. Now humans are really going to be able to walk rather than jump on the surface of the Moon.由于宇航服设计不够灵活,“阿波罗计划”时代的宇航员不得不在月球表面以“兔子跳”的方式行进,很容易不慎跌倒,这不仅影响了他们的工作效率,还可能带来意想不到的危险。新款宇航服采用先进的材料和灵活的轴承,让宇航员的腰部、双臂和双腿都能做出更大幅度的动作,他们可以触摸到自己身体各个部位,还可以下蹲,甚至可以弯腰捡起一块石头,再将它举过头顶。如今,人类终于可以真正在月球上漫步,而不是蹦蹦跳跳了。Dust-tolerant design防尘设计On the Moon, astronauts have to contend with various environmental challenges. One of the biggest concerns is lunar dust. Engineers working for Moon landing missions worried that the powdery lunar dust wouldn't be stable enough to support the lunar lander or even astronauts walking on it. But after Apollo missions, they realized that there is a greater hazard which might be caused by the dust. The dust on the Moon composed of tiny glass-like shards can stick to surfaces of the spacesuits and even work its way into every nook and cranny. Once it infiltrates the suits’ life support systems, the astronauts’ health and safety can be seriously threatened. To keep the dust out, the new spacesuits are designed to have fewer seams and no zippers. Besides, the flexible parts of the suits are made from as many as 16 layers of advanced material which perform different functions including protecting astronauts from space dust.登月宇航员往往需要面对月球上各种各样的环境挑战,最令人担忧的问题之一就来自于月尘。登月计划的工程师曾担心月球表面粉末状的尘土难以支撑着陆器和出舱行走的宇航员。但“阿波罗计划”之后他们才意识到,除此之外,月尘还隐藏着更大威胁。月球表面的尘土包含极其细小的玻璃状碎屑,很容易附着到宇航服表面,甚至穿透宇航服的各个边边角角。一旦月尘侵入宇航服的生命支持系统,则将严重威胁宇航员的健康和安全。为达到防尘效果,新款宇航服减少缝合处,并避免采用拉链。另外,宇航服的可活动部分采用了多达16层的先进材料,每层材料发挥着不同作用,其中一大作用就是保护宇航员免受太空尘埃的威胁。Upgraded communications system通信系统升级Astronauts no longer have to wear the so-called “Snoopy caps” which are given the name because they look like the aviator cap worn by the cartoon character. These communications caps, though having a cute name, can become sweaty and uncomfortable and their microphones do not always track well with the astronauts’ movements. The upgraded communications system includes multiple, embedded, voice-activated microphones that automatically pick up the astronauts’ voices when they speak, enabling them to communicate more efficiently with other crew members and mission control.宇航员再也不用戴“史努比帽”了。曾经宇航员的通信帽外形酷似卡通形象史努比戴的飞行员头盔,因此被称为“史努比帽”。这种通信帽虽然名字颇为可爱,但很容易捂汗,舒适性较差,并且麦克风经常无法跟随宇航员的肢体运动收声。升级版的通信系统内置多个嵌入式声控麦克风,可以在宇航员讲话时自动捕捉他们的声音,让他们能够更加高效地与其他宇航员以及地面指挥中心保持联络。More sizes and better customization尺寸更丰富,实现定制化Earlier this year, NASA had to cancel the first all-female spacewalk because the agency didn’t have enough medium-sized suits to fit both of the women aboard the International Space Station. Now, the new suits are designed to give the wearer a customized fit whatever their size. Besides, each astronaut will have a full body, 3D scan while wearing the suit and performing basic motions and postures expected during spacewalks. That can help NASA match the astronaut to the best suit components to ensure that they are given the greatest comfort and the broadest range of motion.今年, NASA不得已取消了国际空间站首次全女性太空行走计划,部分原因就在于无法提供两套女性宇航员合身的中号宇航服。本次全新推出的新一代宇航服则可以为不同身材的宇航员量身定制。另外,每位宇航员还将身着宇航服接受一项全身3D扫描,在接受扫描的过程中,他们需要做出太空行走时可能会做的动作和姿势,这样一来,NASA便可以为每位宇航员定制最适合他们的宇航服组件,最大程度地确保他们身穿宇航服时感到舒适,并且能够做出更多动作。What do you think of NASA’s new spacesuits? Do you have any idea of other innovative features that can be added to the future-generation spacesuits?NASA的新一代宇航服怎么样?你认为未来的宇航服还可以增加哪些创新之处呢?VOCABULARYbearing n. 轴承contend with (a problem/difficulty)处理,应对shard n. 碎片every nook and cranny 每个角落infiltrate v. 渗入;潜入

代码也能创造多彩艺术

郭逸纯 供稿The second Tuesday of October is Ada Lovelace Day, a day first founded in 2009 to celebrate the achievements of women in STEM (science, technology, engineering and mathematics). You may not be familiar with Ada Lovelace, but you must have heard of her father—the famous English poet Lord Byron. Ada Lovelace, the only legitimate child of Byron, is widely hailed as the very first computer programmer.十月的第二个星期二是“埃达·洛夫莱斯日”,这一节日设立于2009年,旨在庆祝女性在科学、技术、工程与数学领域的成就。也许你对埃达·洛夫莱斯这个名字有些陌生,但你一定听说过她的父亲——著名英国诗人拜伦。埃达·洛夫莱斯是拜伦唯一的合法子嗣,她被广泛誉为世界上第一位计算机程序员。What makes Ada distinguished is not only her contribution in creating the first computer algorithm, but also her far-sighted insight into the diverse potential of computing machines. She realized that the capability of computers could go beyond mere crunching numbers. One of the exciting potential that she imagined computers might have is to compose music. This idea, which might sound crazy when it was put forward by Ada in 19th century, has now become a reality. In 2015, computer scientist Donya Quick wrote a program named Kulitta, which could compose new pieces of music based on existing music styles. When people listened to some fragments of Kulitta’s compositions, some of them thought the music was written by a famous musician.埃达的卓越之处不仅仅在于她创造了世界上第一种计算机算法,还在于她颇有远见地看到了计算机拥有的丰富多彩的潜能。埃达意识到,计算机所能做的远远不只是处理大量数据。在她的想象之中,计算机拥有的美妙潜能之一就是作曲。19世纪埃达提出这一想法时或许听起来有些不可思议,但如今它已成为现实。2015年,计算机科学家唐亚·奎克编写了一个名为Kulitta的程序,它能根据现有音乐的曲风创造出新的乐曲。当人们听到Kulitta创作出的部分音乐片段时,有些人竟以为那是某位著名音乐家的作品。Now the magic process of creating music with a mess of numbers and punctuation marks can even be directly shown to the audience. Almost every weekend in New York City, people can enjoy a “live coding” music show. What makes these shows special is that the DJs don’t use any electronic musical instrument, but use a coding language named Sonic Pi during their performance. Sonic Pi was originally designed as a teaching aid to add some joy when helping children learn programming, but has now been developed into a new musical instrument.如今,以一大串数字和标点符号来谱写出乐曲的神奇过程甚至可以直接展现在观众面前。在美国纽约,几乎每个周末人们都可以观赏到一场“现场编码”的音乐表演。这种表演的独特之处就在于,DJ在演出过程中并不使用任何电子乐器,而是运用一种名为“Sonic Pi”的编码程序。Sonic Pi最初是为了帮助孩子在学习编程的过程中增加些许乐趣而设计的教学工具,而现在,这一程序已进一步发展成为一种新型的演奏乐器。According to some DJs, the best part of live coding is the freedom and flexibility it offers. Coding on computers instead of using traditional instruments makes musicians no longer constrained by their body during performance, and ensures that any idea that flashes into their minds can be directly transformed into fantastic melodies. Typically, the whole process of writing source code is projected onto a screen so that it is visible to the audience. The strands of code appearing at a massive scale can create a special visual effect.一些DJ认为,现场编码最值得称赞的地方是它的自由度和灵活度。与使用传统乐器相比,在电脑上编写代码的方式可以使音乐家在表演中不再受限于他们的身体,而他们大脑中突然闪现的任何奇思妙想都能够直接转化为美妙的旋律。通常,编写源代码的整个过程都会被投射到大屏幕上呈现给观众。一串串代码接连涌现在观众眼前,总能营造出一种独特的视觉效果。Live coding is not only a form of music performance, but has been used as an innovative technique to create sound, image, and even improvised dance and poetry. It means that art and technology are further integrated, enabling us to express ourselves in more diverse and creative ways.现场编码不仅仅被用于音乐表演,更成为了一种制造声效和图像,甚至即兴创作舞蹈和诗歌的新型技术工具。这意味着艺术和科技得到进一步融合,让我们能够以更加多元、更具创意的方式表达自我。VOCABULARYhail v. 赞扬,称颂distinguished adj. 卓越的,杰出的far-sighted adj. 有远见的crunch v. (用计算器或计算机)处理大量数据project v. 投影,投射strand n. 一股,一缕

练习 | BBC新闻:英国将提前举行大选

BBC新闻:英国将提前举行大选燕山大学刘立军编写uTRANSCRIPTBBC News. Hello, I'm Jerry Smit. Britain's main opposition party Labor, says it will now support an early general election, meaning the UK is almost certain to go to the polls in December. It comes as the Prime Minister Boris Johnsongears upfor his fourth attempt in parliament to secure asnapelection. The Labor leader Jeremy Corbyn told his colleagues that with Brexit delayed until the end of January, the immediate threat of leaving without a deal had been removed.“We always said we wanted an election. We do want an election, but we wanted no-deal to be taken off the table. We've now had confirmation from all 28 EU member states that no-deal is off the table. So we'regonnago out there with the biggest campaign this Party has ever mounted, totally united, totally determined.”With this analysis, here is our political correspondent Rob Watson.“This is one of those genuine, real, historic landmark developments in thethree-and-a-half-year political crisis, that is the Brexit process,because this means definitively we are gonna have an early general election before Christmas. What's changed for the opposition Labor Party is this idea that it's just impossible any longer to resist an election that some of the smaller opposition parties have gone along with it and that what they had asked for which was to make sure that wasn't gonna be aneminentno-deal Brexit. Well, that has been handled by the European Union, saying Okay, we're gonna extend the Brexit process until the end of January.Adapted fromhttp://www.kekenet.com/broadcast/201910/598299.shtmluVOCABULARY1.gear up:gear up (for/to sth.) | gear sb./sth.↔up (for/to sth.)to prepare yourself /sb. /sth. to do sth.(使)为……作好准备。例如:Cycle organizations are gearing up for National Bike Week.自行车组织正在为全国自行车周活动作准备。2.snapadj.(只用于名词前)made or done quickly and without careful thought or preparation匆忙的;仓促的。例如:lIt was a snap decision.那是个仓促的决定。lThey held a snap election.他们临时举行了选举。3.gonna:(informal, non-standard) a way of saying or writing“going to”in informal speech, when it refers to the future即将,将要(非正式用语,即going to)。例如:What's she gonna do now? 她现在要干什么?4.eminentadj.(常用于名词前) l(of people人)famous and respected, especially in a particular profession(尤指在某专业中)卓越的,著名的,显赫的。例如:an eminent architect著名的建筑师l(of good qualities良好品质) unusual; excellent非凡的;杰出的。例如:a man of eminent good sense极其明智的人uEXERCISESRead the passage. Then listen to the news and fill in the blanks with the information (words, phrases or sentences) you hear.BBC News. Hello, I'm Jerry Smit. Britain's main opposition party Labor, says it will now support[Q1] ________________________________,meaning the UK is almost certain to go to the polls in December. It comes as the Prime Minister Boris Johnson[Q2] ____________for his fourth attempt in parliament to secure[Q3] ___________________________.The Labor leader Jeremy Corbyn told his colleagues that with Brexit delayed until the end of January, the immediate threat of[Q4] _______________________________________had been removed.“We always said we wanted an election. We do want an election, but we wanted no-deal to be taken off the table. We've now had[Q5] __________________________from all 28 EU member states that no-deal is off the table. So we're gonna go out there with the biggest campaign this Party has ever mounted, totally united, totally determined.”With this analysis, here is our political correspondent Rob Watson.“This is one of those genuine, real, historic[Q6] ___________________________________in thethree-and-a-half year[Q7] ___________________________,that is the Brexit process because this means definitively we are gonna have an early general election before Christmas. What's changed for the opposition Labor Party is this idea that it's just impossible any longer to[Q8] ______________________that some of the smaller opposition parties have gone along with it and that what they had asked for which was to make sure that wasn't gonna be an[Q9] __________________no-deal Brexit. Well, that has been handled by the European Union, saying Okay, we're gonna[Q10] _________________the Brexit process until the end of January.”uKEYRead the passage. Then listen to the news and fill in the blanks with the information (words, phrases or sentences) you hear.BBC News. Hello, I'm Jerry Smit. Britain's main opposition party Labor, says it will now support[Q1]an early general election, meaning the UK is almost certain to go to the polls in December. It comes as the Prime Minister Boris Johnson[Q2]gears upfor his fourth attempt in parliament to secure[Q3]a snap election. The Labor leader Jeremy Corbyn told his colleagues that with Brexit delayed until the end of January, the immediate threat of[Q4]leaving without a dealhad been removed.“We always said we wanted an election. We do want an election, but we wanted no-deal to be taken off the table. We've now had[Q5]confirmationfrom all 28 EU member states that no-deal is off the table. So we're gonna go out there with the biggest campaign this Party has ever mounted, totally united, totally determined.”With this analysis, here is our political correspondent Rob Watson.“This is one of those genuine, real, historic[Q6]landmark developmentsin thethree-and-a-half year[Q7]political crisis, that is the Brexit process because this means definitively we are gonna have an early general election before Christmas. What's changed for the opposition Labor Party is this idea that it's just impossible any longer to[Q8]resist an electionthat some of the smaller opposition parties have gone along with it and that what they had asked for which was to make sure that wasn't gonna be an[Q9]eminentno-deal Brexit. Well, that has been handled by the European Union, saying Okay, we're gonna[Q10]extendthe Brexit process until the end of January.”

练习 | 科学美国人60秒:摇晃有助于改善成人睡眠

科学美国人60秒:摇晃有助于改善成人睡眠燕山大学 刘立军 编写TRANSCRIPTThis is Scientific American 60-Second Science. I'm Karen Hopkin.Every new parent knows, or learns pretty quickly, that rocking can calm that a fussy baby when it's time to take a nap. But the benefits of gentle motion may extend past the swaddling stage. Because two new studies show that rocking also helps grown-ups, both human and mouse, get a good night's sleep. The two research efforts are in the journal Current Biology.What should be no surprise is that movement can be soothing. Think of how many times you've fallen asleep on a train. But can motion really induce a doze, and make for a deeper sleep? To find out, researchers invited 18 healthy volunteers for a sleepover."So they came to the lab and they slept one time on the stationary position, normal bed. And one night where they got rocked."Aurore Perrault, a sleep researcher at the University of Geneva in Switzerland."And what we find is actually compared to a stationary night, a whole night of rocking sleep has a beneficial impact. Not only on sleep initiation, which means they fall asleep faster, but also on sleep maintenance, as we saw that they have less micro-awakening during the night."Subjects who rocked also did better on a memory test the next morning than did the stiller sleepers.In the second study, Konstantinos Kompotis, a postdoctoral fellow at the University of Lausanne, rocked a rack of rodents."Whether rocking affects sleep in species other than human was never before discussed. So the main questions for our study were does rocking affect sleep in mice and what is the underlying mechanism?"Kompotis placed the mouse cages on a platform that moved from side to side. And though mice were rocked four times faster than their human counterparts - a frequency of one back-and-forth per second, or 1 Hertz, worked best - the results were strikingly similar."During rocking at 1 Hertz, time spent asleep increased, there were more transitions from wakefulness to non-REM sleep, and mice fell asleep twice as fast than at stationary condition."The effect required an ability to detect motion. Mice with a defective vestibular system, which is key to maintaining balance, did not become lulled by the sleep-inducing platform.Additional studies could allow the researchers to identify a new target for treating sleep disorders, including insomnia. Until then, you might think about adding a little swing to your nighttime routine.Thanks for listening for Scientific American 60-Second Science. I'm Karen Hopkin.VOCABULARY1. fussy adj. doing sth. with small, quick, nervous movements 紧张不安的。例如:a fussy manner局促不安的举止2. swaddle v.(动词+名词短语)(old-fashioned) to wrap sb. / sth., especially a baby, tightly in clothes or a piece of cloth (用衣服或布)紧裹,包裹(尤指婴儿)3. soothe v. to make a tense or painful part of your body feel more comfortable 减轻,缓解,缓和(身体某部位的紧张或疼痛)。(同义词)relieve 例如: This should soothe the pain. 这个应该能缓解疼痛。 Take a warm bath to soothe tense, tired muscles. 洗个热水澡,让紧张疲劳的肌肉放松一下。4. sleepover n. a party for children or young people when a group of them spend the night at one house (儿童或年轻人在某人家玩乐并过夜的)聚会5. lull v.(动词+名词短语)to make sb. relaxed and calm 使放松;使镇静 [同义词] soothe 例如:The vibration of the engine lulled the children to sleep. 发动机的颤动使得孩子们睡着了。6. insomnia n.(不可数名词)the condition of being unable to sleep 失眠(症)。例如:to suffer from insomnia 失眠EXERCISESRead the passage. Then listen to the news and fill in the blanks with the information (words, phrases or sentences) you hear.This is Scientific American - 60-Second Science. I'm Karen Hopkin.Every new parent knows, or learns pretty quickly, that rocking can calm [Q1] ____________________________ when it's time to take a nap. But the benefits of gentle motion may extend past the swaddling stage. Because two new studies show that rocking also helps grown-ups, [Q2] _________________________________, get a good night's sleep. The two research efforts are in the journal Current Biology.What should be no surprise is that movement can be soothing. Think of how many times you've fallen asleep on a train. But can motion really [Q3] _________________, and make for a deeper sleep? To find out, researchers invited 18 healthy volunteers for a sleepover."So they came to the lab and they slept one time on the stationary position, normal bed. And one night where they got rocked."Aurore Perrault, a sleep researcher at the University of Geneva in Switzerland."And what we find is actually compared to a stationary night, a whole night of rocking sleep has a beneficial impact. Not only on sleep initiation, which means they fall asleep faster, but also on [Q4] ______________________________, as we saw that they have less micro-awakening during the night."Subjects who rocked also did better on a [Q5] _______________ the next morning than did the stiller sleepers.In the second study, Konstantinos Kompotis, a [Q6] _______________________ at the University of Lausanne, rocked a rack of rodents."Whether rocking affects sleep in species other than human was never before discussed. So the main questions for our study were [Q7] __________________________________________ and what is the underlying mechanism?"Kompotis placed the mouse cages on a platform that moved from side to side. And though mice were rocked four times faster than their human counterparts - a frequency of one back-and-forth per second, or 1 Hertz, worked best - the results were [Q8] _______________."During rocking at 1 Hertz, time spent asleep increased, there were more transitions from wakefulness to non-REM sleep, and mice fell asleep twice as fast than at stationary condition."The effect required an ability to detect motion. Mice with a defective vestibular system, which is key to maintaining balance, did not become lulled by the sleep-inducing platform.Additional studies could allow the researchers to identify a new target for treating [Q9] _____________________________, including insomnia. Until then, you might think about adding [Q10] _________________________ to your nighttime routine.Thanks for listening for Scientific American 60-Second Science. I'm Karen Hopkin.KEYRead the passage. Then listen to the news and fill in the blanks with the information (words, phrases or sentences) you hear.This is Scientific American - 60-Second Science. I'm Karen Hopkin.Every new parent knows, or learns pretty quickly, that rocking can [Q1] calm a fussy baby when it's time to take a nap. But the benefits of gentle motion may extend past the swaddling stage. Because two new studies show that rocking also helps grown-ups, [Q2] both human and mouse, get a good night's sleep. The two research efforts are in the journal Current Biology.What should be no surprise is that movement can be soothing. Think of how many times you've fallen asleep on a train. But can motion really [Q3] induce a doze, and make for a deeper sleep? To find out, researchers invited 18 healthy volunteers for a sleepover."So they came to the lab and they slept one time on the stationary position, normal bed. And one night where they got rocked."Aurore Perrault, a sleep researcher at the University of Geneva in Switzerland."And what we find is actually compared to a stationary night, a whole night of rocking sleep has a beneficial impact. Not only on sleep initiation, which means they fall asleep faster, but also on [Q4] sleep maintenance, as we saw that they have less micro-awakening during the night."Subjects who rocked also did better on a [Q5] memory test the next morning than did the stiller sleepers.In the second study, Konstantinos Kompotis, a [Q6] postdoctoral fellow at the University of Lausanne, rocked a rack of rodents."Whether rocking affects sleep in species other than human was never before discussed. So the main questions for our study were [Q7] does rocking affect sleep in mice and what is the underlying mechanism?"Kompotis placed the mouse cages on a platform that moved from side to side. And though mice were rocked four times faster than their human counterparts - a frequency of one back-and-forth per second, or 1 Hertz, worked best - the results were [Q8] strikingly similar."During rocking at 1 Hertz, time spent asleep increased, there were more transitions from wakefulness to non-REM sleep, and mice fell asleep twice as fast than at stationary condition."The effect required an ability to detect motion. Mice with a defective vestibular system, which is key to maintaining balance, did not become lulled by the sleep-inducing platform.Additional studies could allow the researchers to identify a new target for treating [Q9] sleep disorders, including insomnia. Until then, you might think about adding [Q10] a little swing to your nighttime routine.Thanks for listening for Scientific American 60-Second Science. I'm Karen Hopkin.

练习 | VOA词汇掌故:让我们开怀大笑吧

VOA词汇掌故:让我们开怀大笑吧燕山大学刘立军编写uTRANSCRIPTNow, from VOA Learning English, it's time for Words and Their Stories. This program explores common expressions in American English. Today we explore a word that does not sound very pleasant —gut.In the medical world, guts are the internal organs of an animal. It's a person's stomach or the part of the body that contains the stomach. So, that's medically speaking.But in our everyday conversations, "guts" mean many different things.In the United States, if you bust a gut you are laughing really, really hard - so hard that your stomach starts to hurt. If you haven't busted a gut in years, maybe you should. It feels good to have a really good laugh.Now, just as our guts are inside of us, the inside parts of a machine are sometimes called guts, too. So, if you gut your computer, you take out all the pieces inside that make it work.That's right, "gut" is also a verb. You can gut something, like a fish. This means you remove its internal organs before cooking it. You can also gut a building by removing everything from the inside. My friend whorenovatedher house, for example, gutted the entire structure first.The most important parts of a business deal or a piece oflegislationcan also be called the guts. And if you gut these things, you remove all the important parts. For example, you could say that after the council member gutted the legislation, it wasn't going to be nearly as effective.Now, let's talk about you.Within you are all your important thoughts, fears, dreams, feelings and secrets. If you spill your guts, you share these things with other people.It's an informal saying but you can use it when talking about any situation. If your best friend has a date and shares all the details with you, she has spilled her guts. Perhaps at work, a co-worker spills his guts when he tells you that his bossy personality actually comes from a deep childhood fear of failing.When spilling your guts, be careful. Remember, once you say something, you cannot take it back!Now, if you strongly dislike someone - I mean really, really hate them - you can say you hate their guts. You hate everything inside them. This is a very harsh statement and sounds a little childish.You know, if you think about it, all those internal organs are important. They may not be pretty, but they keep us alive.So, guts can also mean some really great things. For example, the word "guts" is an informal way of saying "bravery" or "courage." It takes guts to make a very difficult decision.Let's say you want to move to a country where you don't know anyone and don't know the language. You want to make a big change and take a chance!Your friends, who have lived in the same town all their lives, say, "Wow, that takes a lot of guts." For right now, they don't have the guts to make such a big change.This is where we get our expression "no guts, no glory." This means that if you do not have courage to take a risk, you will not be able to achieve a goal or success.It might be scary. But you know in your gut that it's something you must do. Used this way, "gut" means a strong feeling about something.We can also use "gut" as an adjective. For example, your gut feelings are not based in logic or reason. Let's say I'm your best friend. When I hear about your plans to move away, my gut reaction is to ask, even beg, you to stay. But my gut also tells me that this is something you must do. So, I tell you to listen to your gut. Go chase your dream! After a year's time, I finally get the guts to do the same thing. We meet in Paris and then move to Russia to live for a year!As we say, no guts, no glory! And that's the end of this Wordsand Their Stories.Is this body part, the gut, used the same way in your language? Let us know in the Comments Section. I'm Anna Matteo.uVOCABULARY1.gutn.①(可数名词)the tube in the body through which food passes when it leaves the stomach消化道;肠道②guts(复数)the organs in and around the stomach, especially in an animal(尤指动物的)内脏。例如:I'll only cook fish if the guts have been removed.鱼如果已收拾干净,那我只要烧一下就可以了。③(可数名词)(informal) a person's stomach, especially when it is large(尤指大的)胃,肚子(同义词)belly例如:a beer gut (= caused by drinking beer)啤酒肚④guts(复数)(informal) the courage and determination that it takes to do sth. difficult or unpleasant勇气;胆量;决心;毅力。例如:He doesn't have the guts to walk away from a well-paid job.他没胆量辞去一份报酬优厚的工作。⑤(可数名词,常用复数)内心;直觉;本能。例如:I had a feeling in my guts that something was wrong.我本能地感到出了事。⑥guts(复数)the most important part of sth.核心;实质;要点。例如:the guts of the problem问题的实质常用习语①have sb.'s guts for garters: (British English, informal) to be very angry with sb. and punish them severely for sth they have done恨死,严惩(某人)②slog / sweat / work your guts out:(informal) to work very hard to achieve sth.拼命工作;拼命干活。例如:I slogged my guts out for the exam.我为这次考试命都豁出去了。2.gutverb.(动词+名词短语)①(常用被动态)to destroy the inside or contents of a building or room损毁(建筑物或房屋的)内部。例如:a factory gutted by fire内部被火焚毁的工厂②to remove the organs from inside a fish or an animal to prepare it for cooking取出…的内脏(以便烹饪)3.gutadj.(只用于名词前)based on feelings and emotions rather than thought and reason以感情为基础的;非理性的;本能的。例如:a gut feeling / reaction本能的感觉/反应4.renovatev.(动词+名词短语)to repair and paint an old building, a piece of furniture, etc. so that it is in good condition again修复;翻新;重新粉刷5.legislationn. a law or a set of laws passed by a parliament法规;法律。例如:an important piece of legislation一条重要的法规uEXERCISESRead the passage. Then listen to the news and fill in the blanks with the information (words, phrases or sentences) you hear.Now, from VOA Learning English, it's time for Words and Their Stories. This program explores common expressions in American English. Today we explore a word that does not sound very pleasant - gut.In the medical world, guts are the internal organs of an animal. It's a person's stomach or the part of the body that contains the stomach. So, that's[Q1] _______________.But in our everyday conversations, "guts" mean many different things.In the United States, if you [Q2] _____________________________ you are laughing really, really hard - so hard that your stomach starts to hurt. If you haven't busted a gut in years, maybe you should. It feels good to have a really good laugh.Now, just as our guts are inside of us,the inside parts of a machineare sometimes called guts, too. So, if you gut your computer, you take out all the pieces inside that make it work.That's right, "gut" is also a verb. You can gut something, like a fish. This means you remove its internal organs before cooking it. You can also gut a building by removing everything from the inside. My friend who renovated her house, for example,[Q3] __________________________________________first.The most important parts of a business deal or a piece of legislation can also be called the guts. And if you gut these things, you remove all the important parts. For example, you could say that after the council member gutted the legislation, it wasn't going to be nearly as effective.Now, let's talk about you.Within you are all your important thoughts, fears, dreams, feelings and secrets. If you [Q4] _________________________, you share these things with other people.It's an informal saying but you can use it when talking about any situation. If your best friend has a date and shares all the details with you, she has spilled her guts. Perhaps at work, a co-worker spills his guts when he tells you that his bossy personality actually comes from a deep childhood fear of failing. When spilling your guts, be careful. Remember, once you say something, you cannot [Q5] ____________________________!Now, if you strongly dislike someone - I mean really, really hate them - you can say you [Q6] _______________________________. You hate everything inside them. This is a very harsh statement and sounds a little childish.You know, if you think about it, all those internal organs are important. They may not be pretty, but they keep us alive. So, guts can also mean some really great things. For example, the word "guts" is an informal way of saying "bravery" or "[Q7] _____________________." It takes guts to make a very difficult decision.Let's say you want to move to a country where you don't know anyone and don't know the language. You want to make a big change and take a chance!Your friends, who have lived in the same town all their lives, say, "Wow, that takes a lot of guts." For right now, they don't [Q8] ______________________________ to make such a big change.This is where we get our expression "no guts, no glory." This means that if you do not have courage to take a risk, you will not be able to achieve a goal or success.It might be scary. But you know in your gut that it's something you must do. Used this way, "gut" means a strong feeling about something.We can also use "gut" as an adjective. For example, your [Q9] _____________________ are not based in logic or reason. Let's say I'm your best friend. When I hear about your plans to move away, my gut reaction is to ask, even beg, you to stay. But my gut also tells me that this is something you must do. So, I tell you to [Q10] ______________________________. Go chase your dream! After a year's time, I finally get the guts to do the same thing. We meet in Paris and then move to Russia to live for a year!As we say, no guts, no glory! And that's the end of this Wordsand Their Stories.Is this body part, the gut, used the same way in your language? Let us know in the Comments Section. I'm Anna Matteo.uKEYRead the passage. Then listen to the news and fill in the blanks with the information (words, phrases or sentences) you hear.Now, from VOA Learning English, it's time for Words and Their Stories. This program explores common expressions in American English. Today we explore a word that does not sound very pleasant - gut.In the medical world, guts are the internal organs of an animal. It's a person's stomach or the part of the body that contains the stomach. So, that's[Q1]medicallyspeaking.But in our everyday conversations, "guts" mean many different things.In the United States, if you [Q2]bust a gutyou are laughing really, really hard - so hard that your stomach starts to hurt. If you haven't busted a gut in years, maybe you should. It feels good to have a really good laugh.Now, just as our guts are inside of us,the inside parts of a machineare sometimes called guts, too. So, if you gut your computer, you take out all the pieces inside that make it work.That's right, "gut" is also a verb. You can gut something, like a fish. This means you remove its internal organs before cooking it. You can also gut a building by removing everything from the inside. My friend who renovated her house, for example,[Q3]guttedthe entire structurefirst.The most important parts of a business deal or a piece of legislation can also be called the guts. And if you gut these things, you remove all the important parts. For example, you could say that after the council member gutted the legislation, it wasn't going to be nearly as effective.Now, let's talk about you.Within you are all your important thoughts, fears, dreams, feelings and secrets. If you [Q4]spill your guts, you share these things with other people.It's an informal saying but you can use it when talking about any situation. If your best friend has a date and shares all the details with you, she has spilled her guts. Perhaps at work, a co-worker spills his guts when he tells you that his bossy personality actually comes from a deep childhood fear of failing. When spilling your guts, be careful. Remember, once you say something, you cannot [Q5]take it back!Now, if you strongly dislike someone - I mean really, really hate them - you can say you [Q6]hate their guts. You hate everything inside them. This is a very harsh statement and sounds a little childish.You know, if you think about it, all those internal organs are important. They may not be pretty, but they keep us alive. So, guts can also mean some really great things. For example, the word "guts" is an informal way of saying "bravery" or "[Q7]courage." It takes guts to make a very difficult decision.Let's say you want to move to a country where you don't know anyone and don't know the language. You want to make a big change and take a chance!Your friends, who have lived in the same town all their lives, say, "Wow, that takes a lot of guts." For right now, they don't [Q8]have the gutsto make such a big change.This is where we get our expression "no guts, no glory." This means that if you do not have courage to take a risk, you will not be able to achieve a goal or success.It might be scary. But you know in your gut that it's something you must do. Used this way, "gut" means a strong feeling about something.We can also use "gut" as an adjective. For example, your [Q9]gut feelingsare not based in logic or reason. Let's say I'm your best friend. When I hear about your plans to move away, my gut reaction is to ask, even beg, you to stay. But my gut also tells me that this is something you must do. So, I tell you to [Q10]listen to your gut. Go chase your dream! After a year's time, I finally get the guts to do the same thing. We meet in Paris and then move to Russia to live for a year!As we say, no guts, no glory! And that's the end of this Wordsand Their Stories.Is this body part, the gut, used the same way in your language? Let us know in the Comments Section. I'm Anna Matteo.

第九届教学大赛翻译专业组二等奖顿超授课

授课点评:顿超的授课有三个优点、三个不足。优点:第一,教学总体设计比较清晰,把整堂课的教学分为五个环节(2:00,其中第一步“Review”恐怕应该是“Preview”之误),实际讲授第二环节,提出两个明确的目标(6:02)。应该说,整堂课上得有条不紊。第二,她为教学中的评估环节设计了一个自我评估表(3:27),颇有创意。第三,采用了一些新理论、新方法,如用思维导图(Mind Map)等。讲课结束时引用朗费罗的诗句(18:53),也为课堂增添了气氛。不足:第一,授课时完全离开了原来提供的文本,全部换用了三段新材料。据她回答评委提问时的解释,是担心学生事先了解了内容以后,在课堂上无法评估学生是否掌握(21:00)。这是不对的。既违背了比赛要求,也不符合实际教学情况。因为给学生材料让其课前预习是教学的常态,不能指望靠上课时突然袭击来检测学生。第二,最大的问题是把口译课上成了听力课。整堂课下来,好像都在讲如何听辨,没有丝毫提到翻译和口译。其实这完全可在教学过程中体现,如选材时用英语和中文各一段,或者辨识时英文材料用中文记录、中文材料用英文记录等。第三,上课缺少互动,基本是教师一人在独白。包括两段听力材料的概括,也是让学生试说后,不加评议就匆匆给出自己的文本(11:26)。点评专家:潘文国教授

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