双语阅读 | 美国海洋世界将取消“骑海豚冲浪”表演

美国海洋世界将取消“骑海豚冲浪”表演叶心怡 供稿Recently, SeaWorld decided to cut all “dolphin surfing” trainer tricks during dolphin shows in all of its marine parks. Visitors will no longer see any tricks that include trainers riding through the water on dolphins on their backs or snouts.近日,美国海洋世界决定取消旗下所有海洋公园的海豚表演中“骑海豚冲浪”的节目。以后游客将再也不会看到驯养员骑在海豚背上或站在海豚鼻尖上冲浪的场景了。This is another big change that SeaWorld has made to enhance animal welfare since the release of an explosive documentary titled Blackfish in 2013, which revealed the cruel treatment a killer whale received from human beings. From then on, SeaWorld has stopped breeding orca, ceased all whale kissing and dancing performances, and provided more educative performances and less circus-style ones.2013年,纪录片《黑鲸》上映,该片讲述了一头虎鲸遭受来自人类的种种残酷虐待,引发轰动。自此以后,美国海洋世界终止了虎鲸繁殖项目,去除了鲸鱼亲吻、舞蹈等节目,删减马戏团风格的海洋动物表演,转而加入更多更有教育意义的活动。此次取消骑海豚冲浪表演是其保护动物的又一重大举措。The latest decision of SeaWorld to cancel dolphin surfing was disclosed in a letter sent by one of its attorneys to the Securities and Exchange Commission at the beginning of February. The letter mentioned that the idea was put forward by People for the Ethical Treatment of Animal (PETA), a holder of SeaWorld stock, which proposed a shareholder vote in December, 2019 to end dolphin surfing in the parks’ shows.海洋世界最新的取消骑海豚冲浪表演的决定最早是在二月初海洋世界的一名代理律师向美国证券交易委员会提交的一封信函中披露的。信中提到,该项决定是由海洋世界股东之一、善待动物组织(PETA)发起,该组织于2019年12月召集海洋世界股东投票决定是否取消海洋公园中表演的骑海豚冲浪节目。It is stated in the letter that the parks have already stopped their trainers from riding on the back of dolphins, and will remove the tricks that include riding on a dolphin’s snout in a few months.该信称,所有公园已禁止驯养员骑在海豚背上进行表演,并将在未来几个月内去除包括站在海豚鼻尖上的其他表演。This is an improvement since it reduces abuse at SeaWorld, but orcas and other dolphins are still subject to some other cruel practices. Dolphins in the wild swim around 100 kilometers a day, but in SeaWorld they are usually locked up in tiny concrete tanks. In addition, they are often placed in unfamiliar groupings, which can cause much stress and aggressive behaviors.这项举措是海洋世界在减少动物虐待方面的一个进步,但虎鲸和其他海豚科动物依然遭受着其他残酷的对待。野生海豚每天大约游100公里,但在海洋世界里,它们往往被禁锢在狭小的水泥池中。另外,这些海豚经常被迫与陌生海豚共处,这样容易给海豚带来很大的压力并导致攻击性行为。According to PETA’s executive vice president, SeaWorld may ultimately release these creatures to seaside sanctuaries, but only on being dragged. PETA is now pressing the company to put a plan in place.PETA执行副总裁表示,海洋世界最终可能将这些海洋动物都投放到滨海动物保护区,但是只有持续对其施压,他们才会采取行动。因此,PETA正在敦促海洋世界尽快落实该项计划。Vocabularysnout: n. 口鼻部、吻部orca: n. 虎鲸、逆戟鲸、杀人鲸attorney: n. (法律或财务方面的)代理人sanctuary: n. 保护区、禁猎区

双语阅读 | 疫情期间网课那些事

When people are picturing what education will look like in the future, it is often believed that e-learning platforms will replace physical campuses. And recently, coronavirus has launched a great online-education “experiment” in China.在畅想未来教育时,人们大多认为在线学习平台会取代实体学校。而近来由于新冠疫情,中国正进行着一场规模庞大的在线教育大“实验”。As a response to the coronavirus outbreak, schools across China havesuspendedtheir new semester and online classes have been provided to ensure that learning continues. The Ministry of Education has required educational TV channels to broadcast teaching and learning programs, so that students in the impoverished areas can also study at home. Many online education platforms have opened access to their courses and resources for free.为应对疫情的爆发,中国各地的学校均已推迟新学期开学时间,同时提供网课以确保“停课不停学”。教育部要求电视教育频道也播出教学节目,以便贫困地区的学生在家也能学习。许多在线教育平台也都免费开放了课程和资源。DingTalk, an Alibaba-owned corporate app, has been widely used in this online-education “experiment”. Every day it is holding online classes for millions of students nationwide, from primary to high school level.在此次的在线教育大“实验”中,阿里巴巴旗下的办公软件“钉钉”受到广泛应用。每天,全国有数百万中小学生通过钉钉的在线课堂进行学习。Despite its convenience, online learning seems to have lower efficiency than classroom learning, especially for students in primary and secondary schools. Due to lack ofself-discipline, many of them multitask with non-academic matters—such as chatting and gaming—instead of paying full attention to the online class. Parents are thus confronting ademandingtask. They are under pressure to cooperate with teachers by monitoring and tutoring their children at home.与课堂学习相比,在线学习尽管有其便利性,但在学习效率上似乎略逊一筹,对于小学生与初中生而言尤其如此。许多中小学生缺乏自律,在上网课的同时做着与学习无关的事情,例如聊天和游戏。于是家长多了一份吃力的工作,即配合教师,在家中监管和辅导孩子学习。家长们因此倍感压力。Complaints from teachers have also exposed the weakness of online learning. In live classes, teachers have to spend a lot of time interacting with each student to see if they are following. While online classes may seem like less work, they in fact exhaust teachers with the increasing difficulty ofimpartingknowledge effectively.来自教师的抱怨也暴露出在线学习的缺陷。在直播课上,教师们不得不耗费大量时间与每一个学生互动,以便知道他们是否跟上了教学节奏。网课看似减少了工作量,实则增加了有效传授知识的难度,让教师们疲惫不堪。As CNN reported, “converting a class that relies on face time with students torelayinformation, doesn’t translate easily into an online environment”. Based on the “results” of this online-education “experiment” , it is still too early to say this is theonsetof "spring" for online education.正如CNN报道中所称,“依靠面授来传授信息的课堂要转移至线上并不容易”。就此次在线教育“实验”的“结果”而言,要说在线教育的“春天”已经到来还为时过早。VOCABULARYsuspendv. 推迟self-disciplinen. 自律能力demandingadj. 费力的impartv. 传授(知识、信息等)relayv. 传达,转送onsetn. 开端

双语阅读 | 疫情期间的心理防疫战

In China the emergence of novel coronavirus (2019-nCoV) has not only threatened people’s physical health, but triggered mental health concerns as well. People may feel frustration, anxiety and fear confronting the coronavirus outbreak.在中国,新冠状病毒的出现不仅威胁着人们的生理健康,而且也引发了对心理健康的担忧。面对疫情的爆发,人们会感到沮丧、焦虑和恐惧。The epidemic trauma is especially unbearable for the patients. Besides anxiety over their health status, patients usually experience a strong sense of guilt, blaming themselves for infection of others. Aware of the psychological problems, hospital staff often offer words of comfort and arrange psychological counseling workshops. There are meanwhile dancing and other delightful activities in the hospital to appease the loneliness of patients.对于患者来说,此次流行病造成的心理创伤尤其严重。除去对自身健康状况的担忧之外,他们通常还承受着强烈的负罪感,为感染他人而自责不已。在注意到患者的心理问题之后,医护人员会时常好言安慰,并且为他们安排心理咨询讨论会。同时医院还会组织跳舞等娱乐活动来帮助缓解病人的孤独感。Frontline medical staff should also have access to professional mental health services. Though they can spare no time to be afraid during the intensive work, exhaustion, depression and helplessness still haunt them after work. What’s worse, some agitated patients or their families have been taking out their frustration on these health care providers.处于抗“疫”前线的医疗人员也应获得专业的心理健康服务。虽然在高强度的工作中他们无暇感受恐惧,但在下班后,疲倦、郁闷和无助之感同样困扰着他们。更糟的是,一些焦虑不安的患者及其家属会将自己的沮丧情绪发泄在医疗人员身上。Zhang Hong, deputy chief physician of Wuhan Mental Health Center, believes that without psychological intervention, some doctors and nurses may suffer from long-term severe psychological disorders. To protect medical workers, a circular was released that orders them to take mandatory rest after long working hours and receive timely mental health consultation.武汉精神卫生中心副主任医师张红认为,如若不接受心理治疗,一些医生和护士可能会患上长期的、严重的心理疾病。为保护医疗工作者,政府发布通知要求为长时间工作的医护人员安排强制休息和及时的心理健康咨询。As for the public, this health crisis has caused some social disturbances. Due to the overconsumption of media and the overemphasis of some media on the problem, the public is prone to negative emotions and even extreme behavior. To preserve the public mental health, 24-hour hotlines have been opened and psychological aid teams have been established on line, with psychologists and psychiatrists promoting mental health knowledge and maintaining social stability. In addition, people themselves should avoid frequently and repeatedly checking the updates and pay attention to the reliability of information.从民众层面来说,这场健康危机造成了一定的社会混乱。过度消费媒体信息,加上一些媒体对疫情的夸大,使民众容易产生负面情绪,甚至出现极端行为。为维护公众心理健康,目前已开通24小时热线电话并成立线上心理救助团队,这些平台的心理学家和医师正致力于推广心理健康知识,从而促进社会稳定。此外,民众自身也应避免频繁、反复地查看疫情进展,同时应注意信息的可靠性。Vocabularytrigger v. 引起confront v. 面对,面临trauma n. 精神创伤workshop n. 研讨会agitated adj. 焦虑不安的circular n. 通知mandatory adj. 强制的psychiatrist n. 心理医生

练习 | VOA慢速:哈里梅根宣布退出英国王室

VOA慢速:哈里梅根宣布退出英国王室Harry and Meghan's Decision to Step Back燕山大学 刘立军 供稿uTRANSCRIPTBritain's Prince Harry and his wife Meghan have announced they will step back from senior positions in the royal family. The couple said they hope to become financially independent and create a new charity—while continuing some royal duties.The move came as a surprise to the British royal family. Hours after the announcement appeared on Instagram, Buckingham Palace released a short statement. It said discussions with Harry and Meghan "were at an early stage" and that such complex issues take time to work out.British media did not like the idea, either. The Daily Mirror called the announcement a "shocking disregard" for the Queen. The Sun described the decision as "Megxit." The word is a play on "Brexit"—a common term for Britain's withdrawal from the European Union.It also raises questions about how the couple will earn a living, who will pay for their security, and what their new positions will involve.lSecurity and living situationIn their announcement, Harry and Meghan said they plan to divide their time between Britain and North America.Meghan was born in Los Angeles, California, and grew up in Hollywood. Harry and Meghan spent the last six weeks of 2019 in Canada. Their first official appearance of 2020 was a trip to Canada House in London, home of Canada's diplomatic mission to Britain.They will continue to base themselves at Frogmore Cottage in the grounds of the queen's Windsor Castle while in Britain. The property was recently repaired at a cost of 2.4 million pounds ($3.13 million) by taxpayers.The couple also made clear that they expect the government to continue to pay their security costs. This is required by the Home Office, which is responsible for security of the royal family. The cost of the security is not publicly available information. But it is estimated to cost hundreds of thousands of British pounds a year.lHow will they earn a living?The couple said on their new website that they are seeking financial independence from the royal family's funding, known as the "Sovereign Grant". This is government money that covers the ongoing costs related to daily life and travel.The couple said the grant represented about 5 percent of money needed to run their official office. They did not say if they will give up the remaining 95 percent, which comes from Prince Charles' centuries-old private estate.The couple's new website, Sussex Royal, does not say exactly how they plan to fund themselves in the future. Last year, it was reported that Harry would be executive producer of a film on mental health for Apple's video streaming service. And royal writer Penny Junor suggested that Meghan, who starred in the television show Suits, might restart her acting career.The couple has not said they would give up their royal names - the Duke and Duchess of Sussex. And, their website noted that other royal family members have kept their titles while earning money in other ways.lMarriage—and the mediaHarry and Meghan married in May 2018 in a ceremony in Windsor Castle. Their marriage was considered at the time to be a sign of a more modern monarchy.Their son, Archie, was born in May 2019.The family's relationship with the media has worsened quickly over time, as they struggled to deal with the pressure, criticism and scrutiny.Harry described the media's treatment of his wife as "bullying," and likened it to that of his mother before her death. His mother, Princess Diana, died in a car crash in France in 1997 while being chased by paparazzi.Harry and Meghan announced they plan to greatly change media access to their official events. They will no longer take part in the traditional "royal rota" system, which is an agreement providing access for royal correspondents.The royal rota system permits access to their appearances and events by official correspondents. These correspondents take photographs and videos, which they then share with others in the media.Now the couple said their plan is to speak directly to the public through social media. They plan to deny automatic access to some royal correspondents.The change may make them more of a target for paparazzi photographers, who will no longer worry about losing access to official events if they are already excluded.I'm Caty Weaver. And I'm Pete Musto.Adapted from http://www.kekenet.com/broadcast/202001/603417.shtmluVOCABULARY1.scrutinyn.(不可数名词)(formal) careful and thorough examination 仔细检查;认真彻底的审查(同义词)inspection例如:lHer argument doesn't really stand up to scrutiny. 她的观点经不起认真推敲。lForeign policy has come under close scrutiny recently. 近来,政府的外交政策受到了认真彻底的审查。lThe documents should be available for public scrutiny. 这些文件应被公之于世,交由公众审议。2.paparazzon.(常用复数paparazzi)a photographer who follows famous people around in order to get interesting photographs of them to sell to a newspaper 猎奇名流的摄影记者;狗仔队uQUESTIONSTASK IListen to the news and choose the best answer to each question you hear.(Q1) What's Harry and Meghan's announcement?(A) They will step back from senior positions in the royal family. (B) They will step back from junior positions in the royal family.(C) They will become financially dependent.(D) They will not create a new charity.(Q2) What's the reaction of the British royal family to the announcement?(A) Excited.(B) Indifferent.(C) Angry.(D) Surprising.(Q3) Which British Media described the decision as "Megxit"?(A) The Daily Mirror.(B) The Sun.(C) The Guardian.(D) Instagram.TASK IIRead the statements. Then listen to the news and decide whether the statements are true (T) or false (F).1. It also raises questions about how the couple will earn a living, who will pay for their security, and what their new positions will involve.2. In their announcement, Harry and Meghan said they plan to divide their time between Britain and France.3. Meghan was born in Los Angelesand grew up in Hollywood. 4. They will continue to base themselves at Frogmore Cottage in the grounds of the queen's Windsor Castle while in Britain. 5. The couple made clear that they expect the government to continue to pay their security costs. This is required by the Royal Family.6. The couple said on their new website that they are seeking financial independence from the Home Office's funding, known as the "Sovereign Grant". 7. The couple said the grant represented about 5 percent of money needed to run their official office. They will give up the remaining 95 percent, which comes from Prince Charles' centuries-old private estate.8. The couple's new website, Sussex Royal, tells exactly how they plan to fund themselves in the future. 9. The couple has not said they would give up their royal names—the Duke and Duchess of Sussex. 10. Harry and Meghan married in May 2018 in a ceremony in Windsor Castle. 11. Harry described the media's treatment of his wife as "bullying", and likened it to that of his mother before her death. 12. Harry and Meghan announced they plan to slightly change media access to their official events. 13. The traditional "royal rota" system is an agreement providing access for royal correspondents.14. Now the couple said their plan is to speak directly to the public through social media. They plan to deny automatic access to some royal correspondents, which may make them less of a target for paparazzi photographers.uKEY TASK I(Q1) A。细节题。命题出处:Britain's Prince Harry and his wife Meghan have announced they will step back from senior positions in the royal family. The couple said they hope to become financially independent and create a new charity—while continuing some royal duties.(Q2) D。细节题。命题出处:The move came as a surprise to the British royal family.Hours after the announcement appeared on Instagram, Buckingham Palace released a short statement. It said discussions with Harry and Meghan "were at an early stage" and that such complex issues take time to work out.(Q3) B。细节题。命题出处:British media did not like the idea, either. The Daily Mirror called the announcement a "shocking disregard" for the Queen. The Sun described the decision as "Megxit."The word is a play on "Brexit"—a common term for Britain's withdrawal from the European Union.TASK IIRead the statements. Then listen to the news and decide whether the statements are true (T) or false (F).T 1. It also raises questions about how the couple will earn a living, who will pay for their security, and what their new positions will involve.F2. In their announcement, Harry and Meghan said they plan to divide their time between Britain and France.(正确表达)In their announcement, Harry and Meghan said they plan to divide their time between Britain and North America.T 3. Meghan was born in Los Angeles and grew up in Hollywood. T 4. They will continue to base themselves at Frogmore Cottage in the grounds of the queen's Windsor Castle while in Britain. F5. The couple made clear that they expect the government to continue to pay their security costs. This is required by the Royal Family.(正确表达)The couple made clear that they expect the government to continue to pay their security costs. This is required by the Home Office.F6. The couple said on their new website that they are seeking financial independence from the Home Office's funding, known as the "Sovereign Grant".(正确表达)The couple said on their new website that they are seeking financial independence from the royal family's funding, known as the "Sovereign Grant". F7. The couple said the grant represented about 5 percent of money needed to run their official office. They will give up the remaining 95 percent, which comes from Prince Charles' centuries-old private estate.(正确表达)The couple said the grant represented about 5 percent of money needed to run their official office. They did not say if they will give up the remaining 95 percent, which comes from Prince Charles' centuries-old private estate.F8. The couple's new website, Sussex Royal, tells exactlyhow they plan to fund themselves in the future.(正确表达)The couple's new website, Sussex Royal, does not say exactlyhow they plan to fund themselves in the future. T 9. The couple has not said they would give up their royal names—the Duke and Duchess of Sussex. T 10. Harry and Meghan married in May 2018 in a ceremony in Windsor Castle. T 11. Harry described the media's treatment of his wife as "bullying", and likened it to that of his mother before her death. F12. Harry and Meghan announced they plan to slightlychange media access to their official events.(正确表达)Harry and Meghan announced they plan to greatlychange media access to their official events. T 13. The traditional "royal rota" system is an agreement providing access for royal correspondents. F14. Now the couple said their plan is to speak directly to the public through social media. They plan to deny automatic access to some royal correspondents, which may make them less of a targetfor paparazzi photographers.(正确表达)Now the couple said their plan is to speak directly to the public through social media. They plan to deny automatic access to some royal correspondents, which may make them more of a targetfor paparazzi photographers.

练习 | VOA慢速:新型冠状病毒

VOA慢速:新型冠状病毒New Coronavirus: What We Know燕山大学 刘立军 编写uTRANSCRIPTMore than 100 people have now died from the new coronavirus. The number of people infected in mainland China increased sharply in one day—from 2,700 Monday to more than 4,500 Tuesday. The increase comes even as China takes strong measures to contain the spread of the disease.lWhat is a coronavirus?Coronaviruses are a large family of viruses that cause disease in mammalsand birds. Coronaviruses can cause illnesses that range from the common cold to much more severe illnesses like Middle East Respiratory Syndrome (MERS) and Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome (SARS).Experts still do not have a clear picture of the severityof the new coronavirus.lWhat is a new coronavirus?Officials are calling the disease a "novel" or new coronavirus because it has not been found before in humans.The newly identified virus is thought to have spread to humans from wild animals sold at a market in Wuhan, in central China's Hubei province. But it is now spreading between people.Chinese officials say the disease is able to spread from one person to another even before any actual signs appear. This makes it especially hard to contain.lWhat are the signs of the new coronavirus?Signs of the disease among infected patients have included fever, cough, shortness of breath and general breathing difficulties. In more severe cases, the virus can cause pneumonia.Some people report few or no signs, while others have gotten very sick or even died.The U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention reports that signs of the virus may appear between two and 14 days after being near someone who is infected.lTreatment and PreventionThere is no special treatment for the new coronavirus. However, many of its effects are treatable, as long as a patient is in fair health.Because the virus is so new among humans, there is no available vaccine to protect against the disease. But the World Health Organization advises people to avoid close contact with anyone showing signs of a breathing sickness, such as coughing or sneezing. It also says people should wash their hands often and use safe food practices.The U.S. Centers for Disease Control also published prevention tips. It says wash your hands for at least 20 seconds with soap and water; avoid touching your face with unwashed hands; stay home when you are sick; and clean objects and surfaces that are touched often.I'm Ashley Thompson.Adapted from https://www.chinavoa.com/show-8788-242028-1.htmluVOCABULARY1.containv. to prevent sth harmful from spreading or getting worse 防止……蔓延(或恶化)。例如:to contain an epidemic防止流行病的蔓延2.mammaln. any animal that gives birth to live babies, not eggs, and feeds its young on milk. Cows, humans and whales are all mammals. 哺乳动物3.severityn. 严重性uQUESTIONSRead the statements. Then listen to the news and decide whether the statements are true (T) or false (F).1. More than 100 people have now died from the new coronavirus. 2. Coronaviruses are a large family of viruses that cause disease in humans and birds. 3. Experts still do not have a clear picture of the severity of the new coronavirus.4. Officials are calling the disease a "novel" or new coronavirus because it has not been found before in humans.5. The newly identified virus is thought to have spread to humans from wild animals. But it is now spreading between people.6. Wuhan officials say the disease is able to spread from one person to another even before any actual signs appear. This makes it especially hard to contain.7. Signs of the disease among infected patients have included fever, cough, shortness of breath and general breathing difficulties. In more common cases, the virus can cause pneumonia.8. Some people report few or no signs, while others have gotten very sick or even died.9. The Chinese Centers for Disease Control and Prevention reports that signs of the virus may appear between two and 14 days after being near someone who is infected.10. There is no special treatment for the new coronavirus. However, many of its effects are treatable, as long as a patient is young.11. Because the virus is so new among humans, there is no available vaccine to protect against the disease. 12. But the U.S. advises people to avoid close contact with anyone showing signs of a breathing sickness, such as coughing or sneezing. It also says people should wash their hands often and use safe food practices.13. The U.S. Centers for Disease Control also published prevention tips. It says wash your hands for at least 30 seconds with soap and water; avoid touching your face with unwashed hands; stay home when you are sick; and clean objects and surfaces that are touched often.uKEYRead the statements. Then listen to the news and decide whether the statements are true (T) or false (F).T1. More than 100 people have now died from the new coronavirus. F2. Coronaviruses are a large family of viruses that cause disease in humansand birds.(正确表达)Coronaviruses are a large family of viruses that cause disease in mammalsand birds. T 3. Experts still do not have a clear picture of the severity of the new coronavirus.T4. Officials are calling the disease a "novel" or new coronavirus because it has not been found before in humans.T5. The newly identified virus is thought to have spread to humans from wild animals. But it is now spreading between people.F6. Wuhanofficials say the disease is able to spread from one person to another even before any actual signs appear. This makes it especially hard to contain.(正确表达)Chineseofficials say the disease is able to spread from one person to another even before any actual signs appear. This makes it especially hard to contain.F7. Signs of the disease among infected patients have included fever, cough, shortness of breath and general breathing difficulties. In more commoncases, the virus can cause pneumonia.(正确表达)Signs of the disease among infected patients have included fever, cough, shortness of breath and general breathing difficulties. In more severecases, the virus can cause pneumonia.T8. Some people report few or no signs, while others have gotten very sick or even died.F9. The ChineseCenters for Disease Control and Prevention reports that signs of the virus may appear between two and 14 days after being near someone who is infected.(正确表达)The U.S.Centers for Disease Control and Prevention reports that signs of the virus may appear between two and 14 days after being near someone who is infected.F10. There is no special treatment for the new coronavirus. However, many of its effects are treatable, as long as a patient is young.(正确表达)There is no special treatment for the new coronavirus. However, many of its effects are treatable, as long as a patient is in fair health.T11. Because the virus is so new among humans, there is no available vaccine to protect against the disease. F12. But the U.S. advises people to avoid close contact with anyone showing signs of a breathing sickness, such as coughing or sneezing. It also says people should wash their hands often and use safe food practices.(正确表达)But the WHOadvises people to avoid close contact with anyone showing signs of a breathing sickness, such as coughing or sneezing. It also says people should wash their hands often and use safe food practices.F13. The U.S. Centers for Disease Control also published prevention tips. It says wash your hands for at least 30seconds with soap and water; avoid touching your face with unwashed hands; stay home when you are sick; and clean objects and surfaces that are touched often.(正确表达)The U.S. Centers for Disease Control also published prevention tips. It says wash your hands for at least 20seconds with soap and water; avoid touching your face with unwashed hands; stay home when you are sick; and clean objects and surfaces that are touched often.

练习 | VOA常速:走近攀岩

VOA常速:走近攀岩燕山大学 刘立军 供稿uTRANSCRIPTReally, I think I was born to be an off-width climber. That was what my body was designed for. And clearly it was what my personality was designed for, because it requires an ability to believe in yourself, beyond your physical capacity.My name is Pamela Shanti Peck, and I'm a professional rock climber. Utah is my favorite place to climb because we have these massive sandstone cliffs, and often I'm the very first person to climb those particular cracks, so it's like being some sort of an explorer.I climb in a traditional-style, which means that I have specific gear that's designed for placing in a crack, and as I climb, that gear catches me if I fall. Choosing when to place the gear, whether you're going to place the gear, what are the chances you're going to fall, it just adds the component of reading the space as I climb and that makes it a little more exciting for me.Being a professional rock climber as a woman is relatively new. When I started in this particular style, it was 2010. I was the first woman to devote myself to off-widthclimbing, and there was a lot of resistance to that and I was criticized for everything.It didn't matter whatI was criticize,for wearing my hair down. I was criticized for what I wore when I climbed. Ultimately, all that criticism really inspired me to continue climbing.All right, good to go.It is a dangerous sport, so there's a lot that goes into it. I've climbed despite having broken ribs and various other injuries. In a way, maybe that's a form of meditation. I'm able to put the pain in the background, and I will make myself climb and allow myself to feel that pain after I finished the climb. And then this is an unpleasant moment where I am getting some blood work done after falling and needing to have surgery on my kidney. I've had two really bad injuries. The one was a fall where I had kidney surgery, and then the other was that one where I had the back injury. It's always historically been, maybe, the least popular style of climbing there's ever been, because of the physical brutalityof this style. But I very quickly realized that it was a technically brilliant style and an artful style, and that I could change it, that I could find new routes, and that I could establish new techniques, and my focus, as I said many times, is to bring grace to the grovel.I think my greatest passion or obsessionas a climber, aside from just you know climbing off-width, is looking for routes that are improbable. I'll drive down these canyons and I'll look for routes that no one else has seen before, and it takes a certain eye, a lot of imagination, a lot of creativity. It's like being an artist, having the idea of a book, the idea for a painting, and I'm just seeking out those ideas and then I'll create them. My emphasis is on finding lines that tell a really good story.One of the joys of establishing a route is then you get to name the route. One of them is named the Kill Artist, so that probably gives you a little bit of an idea of what that experience is like. I think as far as first ascentsnow, I've lost track but oh well over a 100 at this point. My father, Robert Pack, is a poet and he wrote this poem for me to express his apprehensions about my climbing but also to express his understanding for what I do."Down on firm planet earth, my wife and I share apprehensions, that are easy to explain, as dread of helplessness, and yet without the ecstasiesin disciplined suspension of her breath, are almost weightless floating there, perhaps the vast, unfathomable, uncertainty of parenthood possesses in its dark dismal depths of mad exhilarationof its own".Adapted from http://www.kekenet.com/broadcast/201912/602697.shtmluVOCABULARY1.capacityn. the ability to understand or to do sth 领悟(或理解、办事)能力。例如:lShe has an enormous capacity for hard work. 她特别能吃苦耐劳。capacity for sthlLimited resources are restricting our capacity for developing new products. 有限的资源正制约着我们开发新产品的能力。capacity for doing sthlyour capacity to enjoy life 你那享受生活乐趣的能力capacity to do sthlintellectual capacity 智能2.meditationn.(不可数名词)the practice of thinking deeply in silence, especially for religious reasons or in order to make your mind calm 冥想;沉思;深思。例如:lShe found peace through yoga and meditation. 她通过瑜伽和冥想找到了宁静。lHe was deep in meditation and didn't see me come in. 他正在沉思,没有看见我进来。3.brutalityn. a brutal act 野蛮行径。例如:It is best defined by two words: speed and brutality. 它可以通过两个词来定义:速度和野蛮。4.grovelv.(+副词或介词短语)to move along the ground on your hands and knees, especially because you are looking for sth 爬行,匍匐(尤指找东西)5.obsessionn.(可数名词)a person or thing that sb thinks about too much 使人痴迷的人(或物)。例如:Fitness has become an obsession with him. 他迷上了健身。6.improbableadj. seeming strange because it is not what you would expect 奇异的;荒谬的。例如:Her hair was an improbable shade of yellow. 她的头发带有怪怪的黄色。7.ascentn.(可数名词, 常用单数形式)the act of climbing or moving up; an upward journey 上升;升高;登高。例如:lthe first ascent of Mount Everest 首次攀登珠穆朗玛峰lThe cart began its gradual ascent up the hill. 运货马车开始缓缓上山。lThe rocket steepened its ascent. 火箭飞速升空。8.ecstasyn. a feeling or state of very great happiness 狂喜;陶醉;入迷9.unfathomableadj. too strange or difficult to be understood 难以理解的;莫测高深的。例如:an unfathomable mystery 难以解释的奥秘10.exhilarationn.(不可数名词)激动心情。例如:the exhilaration of performing on stage 在舞台上演出的激动心情uQUESTIONSRead the passage. Then listen to the news and fill in the blanks with the information (words, phrases or sentences) you hear.Really, I think I was born to be an off-width climber. That was what my body was designed for. And clearly it was what my (Q1) ________________ was designed for, because it requires an ability to (Q2) _____________________ yourself, beyond your physical capacity.My name is Pamela Shanti Peck, and I'm a (Q3) __________________ rock climber. Utah is my favorite place to climb because we have these massive sandstone cliffs, and often I'm the very first person to climb those particular cracks, so it's like being some sort of an (Q4) __________.I climb in a traditional-style, which means that I have specific (Q5) ____________ that's designed for placing in a crack, and as I climb, that gear catches me if I fall. Choosing when to place the gear, whether you're going to place the gear, what are the (Q6) ________________ you're going to fall, it just adds the component of reading the space as I climb and that makes it a little more exciting for me.Being a professional rock climber as a woman is relatively new. When I started in this particular style, it was 2010. I was the first woman to devote myself to off width-climbing, and there was a lot of (Q7) ___________________ to that and I was criticized for everything, it didn't matter what. I was criticized for wearing my hair down. I was criticized for what I wore when I climbed. Ultimately, all that (Q8) ____________________ really inspired me to continue climbing.All right, good to go.It is a (Q9) ________________ sport, so there's a lot that goes into it. I've climbed despite having broken ribs and various other injuries. In a way, maybe that's a form of meditation. I'm able to put the pain in the background, and I will make myself climb and allow myself to feel that pain after I finished the climb. And then this is an unpleasant moment where I am getting some blood work done after falling and needing to have surgery on my kidney. I've had two really bad injuries. The one was a fall where I had kidney surgery, and then the other was that one where I had the back injury. It's always historically been, maybe, the least popular style of climbing there's ever been, because of the (Q10) _________________________ of this style. But I very quickly realized that it was a technically brilliant style and an artful style, and that I could change it, that I could find new routes, and that I could establish new techniques, and my focus, as I said many times, is to bring grace to the grovel.I think my greatest passion or obsession as a climber, aside from just you know climbing off-width, is looking for (Q11) ____________________ that are improbable. I'll drive down these canyons and I'll look for routes that no one else has seen before, and it takes a certain eye, a lot of imagination, a lot of creativity. It's like being an artist, having the idea of a book, the idea for a painting, and I'm just seeking out those ideas and then I'll create them. My emphasis is on finding (Q12) __________ that tell a really good story.One of the (Q13) ________________ of establishing a route is then you get to name the route. One of them is named the Kill Artist, so that probably gives you a little bit of an idea of what that experience is like. I think as far as first ascents now, I've lost track but oh well over a 100 at this point. My father, Robert Pack, is a poet and he wrote this poem for me to express his (Q14) ____________ about my climbing but also to express his (Q15) ____________________ for what I do."Down on firm planet earth, my wife and I share apprehensions, that are easy to explain, as dread of helplessness, and yet without the ecstasies in disciplined suspension of her breath, are almost weightless floating there, perhaps the vast, unfathomable, uncertainty of parenthood possesses in its dark dismal depths of mad exhilaration of its own."uKEY Read the passage. Then listen to the news and fill in the blanks with the information (words, phrases or sentences) you hear.Really, I think I was born to be an off-width climber. That was what my body was designed for. And clearly it was what my (Q1) personalitywas designed for, because it requires an ability to (Q2) believe inyourself, beyond your physical capacity.My name is Pamela Shanti Peck, and I'm a (Q3) professionalrock climber. Utah is my favorite place to climb because we have these massive sandstone cliffs, and often I'm the very first person to climb those particular cracks, so it's like being some sort of an (Q4) explorer.I climb in a traditional-style, which means that I have specific (Q5) gearthat's designed for placing in a crack, and as I climb, that gear catches me if I fall. Choosing when to place the gear, whether you're going to place the gear, what are the (Q6) chancesyou're going to fall, it just adds the component of reading the space as I climb and that makes it a little more exciting for me.Being a professional rock climber as a woman is relatively new. When I started in this particular style, it was 2010. I was the first woman to devote myself to off width-climbing, and there was a lot of (Q7) resistanceto that and I was criticized for everything, it didn't matter what. I was criticized for wearing my hair down. I was criticized for what I wore when I climbed. Ultimately, all that (Q8) criticismreally inspired me to continue climbing.All right, good to go.It is a (Q9) dangeroussport, so there's a lot that goes into it. I've climbed despite having broken ribs and various other injuries. In a way, maybe that's a form of meditation. I'm able to put the pain in the background, and I will make myself climb and allow myself to feel that pain after I finished the climb. And then this is an unpleasant moment where I am getting some blood work done after falling and needing to have surgery on my kidney. I've had two really bad injuries. The one was a fall where I had kidney surgery, and then the other was that one where I had the back injury. It's always historically been, maybe, the least popular style of climbing there's ever been, because of the (Q10) physical brutalityof this style. But I very quickly realized that it was a technically brilliant style and an artful style, and that I could change it, that I could find new routes, and that I could establish new techniques, and my focus, as I said many times, is to bring grace to the grovel.I think my greatest passion or obsession as a climber, aside from just you know climbing off-width, is looking for (Q11) routesthat are improbable. I'll drive down these canyons and I'll look for routes that no one else has seen before, and it takes a certain eye, a lot of imagination, a lot of creativity. It's like being an artist, having the idea of a book, the idea for a painting, and I'm just seeking out those ideas and then I'll create them. My emphasis is on finding (Q12) linesthat tell a really good story.One of the (Q13) joysof establishing a route is then you get to name the route. One of them is named the Kill Artist, so that probably gives you a little bit of an idea of what that experience is like. I think as far as first ascents now, I've lost track but oh well over a 100 at this point. My father, Robert Pack, is a poet and he wrote this poem for me to express his (Q14) apprehensionsabout my climbing but also to express his (Q15) understandingfor what I do."Down on firm planet earth, my wife and I share apprehensions, that are easy to explain, as dread of helplessness, and yet without the ecstasies in disciplined suspension of her breath, are almost weightless floating there, perhaps the vast, unfathomable, uncertainty of parenthood possesses in its dark dismal depths of mad exhilaration of its own."

第九届教学大赛商务英语专业组二等奖王涛授课

授课点评:王涛老师的授课目标清晰,课堂安排合理,教学过程生动有趣。20分钟的授课,王老师设计了各项课堂活动,牢牢抓住了学生的注意力,较好地完成了预期目标。针对“商务英语中的跨文化交流”这一议题,王涛老师以情景设计为主线,从自身口译经历中感受到的文化差异入手,切入课文中的跨文化元素,分析篇章结构特点,进而引导学生的深度思考和批判思维。无论是“小测验”的设计(02'05''—03'33''),还是引导阅读时的“问题意识”(08'20''—13'30''),或者模拟商务会谈现场的“角色扮演”(14'10—17'20''),王涛老师都用心组织授课材料,从伊斯兰文化、日本文化、印度尼西亚文化、芬兰文化中的细节差异入手,培养学生的文化敏感。课堂上关于日美、中美双边商务会谈的现场模拟,王老师的任务设计也恰到好处。总之,王涛老师注重课堂活动的设计,形式多样,与学生互动紧密,集知识性、趣味性和思考性于一体,引导学生学习商务谈判中的核心要素。值得关注的是,王涛老师的课堂还兼顾了语言基本功学习,在词根分析、词义解释、图片描述、同义词等词汇拓展中启发了学生的外语学习能力。建议就这一环节投入更多时间更多教学设计,使学生的外语技能与文化知识同步提高。点评专家:汪小玲教授

第九届教学大赛翻译专业组二等奖王妍说课

说课点评:目的比较明确,具有一定的可操作性。她的这堂说课是为翻译专业一二年级的学生学习口译知识、实践口译技艺而设计,因此比较注意细节,也在情理之中。我对她说课内容中的三个要点印象深刻,觉得是找准了做好口译特别是做好时政口译的三个关键因素:一是译员要有较强的速记技能,这就要求教师在课堂教学时为学生打下一个良好的基础;二是要引导好学生在领会理解说话人意图与言辞时,及时捕捉住一批关键字或词,因为它们是口译记忆的钥匙,借此说话人的主旨内容可以复原;三是特别强调学生平时要关注国内外的热点问题,甚至追踪,做到对相关情况或背景了然于胸,这样临场做口译方可胸有成竹。当然这三点如果王妍老师能在课堂总结时再重复强调一下,可能说课效果会更佳。另外,在如何做好速记这个问题上,王妍老师显然准备从技术角度作较详细解说,这当然也有必要,但我认为,做口译时如何做好笔记或速记是一个相当个性化的事,即便老师介绍的方式很理想,落实到每个译员总会有变异,换言之,口译场合怎么做笔记,都是因人而异的。这一点应当让学生明白。最后,还是要提醒王妍老师,有些英文单词的发音不准,要改正,如ignore,group。点评专家:何刚强教授

练习 | 新冠病毒问答(WHO):口罩能否抵挡新冠病毒传染

新冠病毒问答(WHO):口罩能否抵挡新冠病毒传染Can Masks Protect against the New Coronavirus Infection?燕山大学 刘立军 编写uTRANSCRIPTMedical masks like this one cannot protect against the New Coronavirus when used alone. When you wear them, you must combinewith hand hygiene and other preventive measures.WHO only recommends the use of masks in specific cases. If you have cough, fever, and difficulty breathing, you should wear a mask and seek medical care. If you do not have these symptoms, you do not have to wear masks because there is no evidence that they protect people who are not sick. However, if you are healthy, but you are taking care of a person who may be infected with the New Coronavirus, then you should wear a mask whenever you are in the same room with that person.And remember, if you choose to wear a mask, use it and discard it properly and clean your hands with alcohol hand rubor soap and water.For more information on mask use, other preventive measures and the New Coronavirus, check WHO website at who.int. Thank you.uVOCABULARY1. combinev. to come together to form a single thing or group; to join two or more things or groups together to form a single one(使)结合,组合,联合,混合。例如:Hydrogen combines with oxygen to form water. 氢与氧化合成水。2. alcohol hand rub n. 酒精洗手液uQUESTIONSRead the passage. Then listen to the news and fill in the blanks with the information (words, phrases or sentences) you hear.Medical masks like this one cannot protect against the New Coronavirus when used alone. When you wear them, you must combine with hand hygiene and (Q1) ___________________________.WHO only recommends the use of masks in (Q2) ____________________. If you have (Q3) ___________________________________, you should wear a mask and seek medical care. If you do not have these symptoms, you do not have to wear masks because there is (Q4) ____________ that they protect people who are not sick. However, if you are healthy, but you are (Q5) _____________________________ a person who may be infected with the New Coronavirus, then you should wear a mask whenever you are in the same room with that person.And remember, if you choose to (Q6) _______________________, use it and (Q7) ____________ it properly and (Q8) ________________ your hands with alcohol hand rub or (Q9) ________________. For more information on (Q10) _______________________, other preventive measures and the New Coronavirus, check WHO website at who.int. Thank you.uKEYRead the passage. Then listen to the news and fill in the blanks with the information (words, phrases or sentences) you hear.l简化版(Q1) other preventive measures(Q2) specific cases(Q3) cough, fever, and difficulty breathing (Q4) no evidence(Q5) taking care of (Q6) wear a mask (Q7) discard (Q8) clean (Q9) soap and water(Q10) mask usel完整版Medical masks like this one cannot protect against the New Coronavirus when used alone. When you wear them, you must combine with hand hygiene and (Q1) other preventive measures.WHO only recommends the use of masks in (Q2) specific cases. If you have (Q3) cough, fever, and difficulty breathing, you should wear a mask and seek medical care. If you do not have these symptoms, you do not have to wear masks because there is (Q4) no evidencethat they protect people who are not sick. However, if you are healthy, but you are (Q5) taking care ofa person who may be infected with the New Coronavirus, then you should wear a mask whenever you are in the same room with that person.And remember, if you choose to (Q6) wear a mask, use it and (Q7) discardit properly and (Q8) cleanyour hands with alcohol hand rub or (Q9) soap and water.For more information on (Q10) mask use, other preventive measures and the New Coronavirus, check WHO website at who.int. Thank you.

教育培训更多

大英综合课教学设计工作坊2.0

本工作坊采取培训专家、教学大赛获奖选手和参训教师组成学习共同体的研修模式。主讲人在进行理论讲解、模式阐释和展示示范时,将以教学指 南为准则,结合中国英语能力等级量表,详解指定教材单元设计中的目标 设定、流程安排、项目设计和多层评测。参训教师通过分组合作学习和集体备课的形式,在专家指导下分模块操练单元设计的重要步骤和极富挑战 的教学整合设计任务。本工作坊旨在帮助参训教师将理论转化为实践,最 终产出和分享课程设计方案*,并将成果带回到一线课堂教学实践中去。 课程具体实施步骤设计如下:1.参训教师在培训前事先完成教学设计和二语习得新文献的阅读。2.在研修现场,培训专家将首先从当前大学英语综合课教学存在的主要问题入手,结合“金课”的核心内涵和要求,解析大学英语综合课程的教学理念,介绍以项目为中心的整合式教学设计模式。然后,基于《全新版大学 进阶英语综合教程1》的一个单元,剖析还原单元教学生成过程,展示该模式在具体教学案例中的应用。3.本研修班新增教学点评环节,拟邀请第10届“外教社杯”全国高校外语教学大赛高名次获奖选手回顾参赛心路历程,分享赛后反思。培训专家将带 领参训教师观摩选手录像,并从大赛评委、教学设计者、教学课堂观察者 等多维角度进行教学点评和解析。参训教师亦可参与评课,并与获奖选手直接互动交流。4.在最后的实操阶段,参训教师将按5-6人分组,在培训专家指导下以集 体备课形式对指定教材的其他单元进行分步骤、整体设计和互动交流,并 由专家点评。以期切实强化“金课”理念,提升教学设计能力,实现以能力 培养为目标的有效教学。* 注:研修班将汇总专家及各组学员的最终教学设计方案,编订成合集,以电子版形式分享给全体学员。

跨文化外语教学与跨文化交际能力的培养:案例教学法

根据《大学英语教学指南》与英语专业《教学标准》中的要求,结合“跨文化大赛”选手的表现,探讨跨文化视角下外语教学与大学生跨文化交际能力的培养。本期研修班特邀上海外国语大学张红玲教授团队、昆山杜克大学Don Snow教授、华东师范大学窦卫霖教授、华东理工大学颜静兰教授等专家学者,重点结合理论研究与教学实践,采用案例分析与展示的方法,探讨在高校外语课程中进行跨文化教育、设置跨文化模块课程、跨文化课程的教学设计与执行能力、跨文化交际能力培养的途径与方法等主题。

大学英语教师专业发展:教学设计能力与测评素养提升

基于对当前大学生英语学习现状和新时期英语教学要求的分析,本期研修班将组织国内大学英语教学领域研究成果丰硕、实践经验丰富的资深专家,通过专题讲座、教学示范、互动座谈等多种研修形式,深入探究新形势下大学英语教学改革的相关热点问题,如“金课”建设、有效课堂教学设计与实施、教评测的有机结合、教师测评素养等,以期帮助大学英语教师把握改革动向,更新教学理念,掌握先进、有效的教学方法,优化大学英语核心课程的教学效果。

特色工具

系统产品

重点教材