双语阅读 | 奥运会的金牌是用什么做的?

奥运会的金牌是用什么做的?What Are Olympic Gold Medals Made of?王淑怡 供稿The top three finishers (in most cases) of each Olympic competition are awarded the gold, silver, and bronze medals, respectively. While the name seems to imply it, Olympic gold medals are not 100% gold. At one time the prize given to the first-place finisher in each competition was solid gold, but now Olympic gold medals are made mostly from silver. For that matter, the second-place silver medals aren't always 100% silver either, though they do contain the same amount of silver as the gold medal. As for the third-place bronze medal, it is made of exactly what its name claims.每届奥运会的前三名(通常情况下)分别被授予金牌、银牌和铜牌。话虽如此,但其实金牌并非都是用纯金铸造的。最初,奥运冠军的金牌确实是纯金的,但现在主要由银制成。至于说第二名获得的银牌也不都是由纯银制作的,但它们确实和金牌具有相同的含银量。只有第三名的铜牌是“名副其实”的。Composition金牌的成分The specific composition and design of Olympic medals is determined by the host city's organizing committee. However, minimum standards must be maintained:奥运会奖牌的设计和制作,历来都由主办城市的组委会负责。但是,必须满足以下标准:Gold and silver medals are at least 92.5% silver.Gold medals must be plated with at least 6 grams of gold.All Olympic medals must be at least 3 mm thick and at least 60 mm in diameter.金、银牌至少含有92.5%的银;金牌至少要镀金6克;奥运会各奖牌的直径不得小于60毫米,厚度不得小于3毫米。The silver medals at the 2018 PyeongChang Winter Olympics had a purity of 99.9%, according to Olympic.org. A gold medal was a silver medal plated with 6 grams of gold, while the bronze is made of an alloy of 90% copper and 10% zinc.根据国际奥委会官网的数据,2018年平昌冬奥会的银牌纯度为99.9%。金牌实际是一枚镀有6克黄金的银牌,而铜牌则是由90%的铜和10%的锌的合金制成的。Other Awards其他奖品Gold, silver, and bronze medals have not always been awarded. In the original Greek games, a wreath of olive leaves taken from a tree near the temple of Zeus was placed on the victor's head.其实,金银铜牌并不是在奥运会举办之初就设置的。在最初的希腊运动会上,从宙斯神庙附近的一棵树上摘下的橄榄叶被织成花环,戴在获胜者头上作为奖励。When the first modern Olympics were held in Athens in 1896, the first-place winners were awarded silver medals, since silver was more sought-after at the time. The runners-up got bronze medals. The winners at the 1900 Paris Olympics received trophies instead of medals.1896年,第一届现代奥林匹克运动会在雅典举行时,冠军获得的是一枚银牌,这是因为银在当时更受青睐。亚军则获得铜牌。1900年在巴黎奥运会上,获胜者获颁的不是奖牌,而是奖杯。The custom of awarding gold, silver, and bronze medals started at the 1904 St. Louis Olympics. The last Olympic gold medal that was made from solid gold was awarded in 1912 in Stockholm. After that year, the gold medals have been gilded silver rather than solid gold.颁发金银铜牌的惯例始于1904年的圣路易斯奥运会,而最后一届使用纯金金牌的奥运会则是1912年的斯德哥尔摩奥运会。从那以后,奥运会金牌就再也没有使用过纯金打造了,而是使用镀金的银奖牌。Eco-Friendly Medals环保奖牌The 2016 Rio Summer Olympics featured most eco-friendly metals with the gold free of mercury contamination. Mercury and gold are notoriously difficult elements to separate. The sterling silver used for the silver medals was partly recycled (about 30% by mass). Part of the copper used to make the bronze for the bronze medals was recycled as well.2016年的奥运会在巴西里约举行,这届的奖牌被誉为最环保奖牌。金牌中的黄金在提炼过程中没有使用汞。众所周知,汞和金在提炼工序中难以彻底分离。用于制作银牌的纯银部分被部分回收(约占总质量的30%),用于制造铜牌的部分铜料也得到了回收。The gold medals for the Tokyo Olympics, designed by Japanese designer Junichi Kawanishi, comprise roughly 6 grams of gold atop roughly 550 grams of pure silver. Since gold and silver rates, like stock prices, fluctuate frequently, the value of the medal isn’t exactly static. But in general, it’s hovering somewhere above $800. A silver medal, made of 550 grams of pure silver, comes in at $462; while the bronze medal, mostly copper and a little zinc, is worth just a few bucks.东京奥运会的金牌由日本设计师川西纯市操刀设计,约重550克的纯银奖牌上镀有约重6克的纯金。由于黄金和白银的价格和股票价格一样,波动非常频繁,因此奖牌的价值并不是一成不变的。但总体而言,金牌价值在800美元左右(约合人民币5181元)。一枚由550克纯银制成的银牌价值约为462美元(约合人民币2992元);而铜牌,主要是由铜和少量的锌制成,只值几美元一块。【VOCABULARY】1.plate v. 镀(金、银等)2.diameter n. 直径,对径3.wreath n. 花冠,花环4.sought-after adj. 受青睐的,抢手的5.runner-up n. 亚军6.trophy n. 奖品,奖杯7.mercury n. 汞,水银8.notoriously adv. 众所周知地9.static adj. 静止的,静态的,停滞的10.hover v. (价格、价值等) 徘徊 (在某个水平上下)(封面图片来源于摄图网,版权归摄图网所有)

双语阅读 | 走路慢的人可能衰老速度更快

走路慢的人可能衰老速度更快Slow Walkers Might Age Faster Than People Who Pick Up the Pace王淑怡 供稿 Ambling along at a leisurely pace might seem like an ideal anti-stress strategy, but if slow-and-steady is your usual speed, it could be an indication that you’re aging more quickly than someone with a faster gait.慢悠悠地走路似乎是一种理想的抗压策略,但如果你一直都缓慢平稳地走路,这可能向你发出了一个信号:你会比走路快的人衰老得更快。 A research published in JAMA Network Open used data from a long-term study collecting health information on over 900 New Zealanders over a 40-year period that started when the participants were around 3 years old. They assessed gait speed, focusing on the slowest 20 percent and fastest 20 percent throughout three walking conditions: at their usual gait, at their normal pace while reciting alternate letters of the alphabet out loud, and at their maximum gait speed.《美国医学会杂志网络公开版》上发布了一项研究,研究数据来自对900多名新西兰人进行的长达40年的健康追踪调查,参试者自3岁起就接受了测试。研究人员评估了参试者的步行速度,重点关注步速最慢和最快的20%参试者的三项行走速度:一般步行速度、一边大声背诵字母表中的间隔字母一边正常行走的速度,以及最大步行速度。 The slowest walkers averaged 1.21 meters per second (m/s), or roughly 2.7 miles per hour, throughout all three of the conditions, while the fastest walkers averaged 1.75 m/s, or 3.9 miles per hour.在以上三种状态下,步速最慢的参试者的平均速度为每秒1.21米,或约每小时2.7英里,而步速最快的参试者为每秒1.75米,或每小时3.9英里。 They also had 19 biomarkers assessed, including body mass index (BMI), waist-to-hip ratio, cholesterol levels, white blood cell count, gum health, and cardiorespiratory fitness. Finally, they had neuroimaging tests to look at age-related features of the brain.研究人员还评估了19项生理指标,包括体重指数(BMI)、腰臀比、胆固醇水平、白细胞计数、牙龈健康以及心肺功能等等。最后,他们还利用神经影像测试评估了参试者与年龄相关的大脑特征。 Researchers discovered that those with the slowest walking speed showed accelerated aging across the various biomarkers, as well as a reduction in total brain volume, showing that walking speed can affect both physical and cognitive health. In fact, there was even a 16-point IQ difference between the fastest and the slowest walkers, the study found. Slower walkers were also judged to appear significantly older than faster walkers, and scored worse on tests that measured balance and grip strength.研究者发现,从多项生理指标来看,走路最慢的参试者呈现了加速衰老的特征,同时他们的大脑总容量也有所减小。这表明,走路速度会影响人的身体健康和认知健康。研究还发现,走路最慢和最快的参试者之间平均相差16个智商值。走路较慢的参试者比走路快的参试者看起来明显更显老,在平衡和握力测试中的得分也更低。 “How fast people are walking in midlife tells us a lot about how much their bodies and brains have aged over time,” said lead researcher Line Rasmussen, Ph.D., of Duke University. She told Runner’s World the most remarkable aspect of the research is that they may be able to look at cognitive functions in toddlers — how well they do on an IQ test, their proficiency at language, how easily they manage their emotions — and predict how slowly those children will be walking at midlife. “Gait speed is not only an indicator of aging, but also an indicator of lifelong brain health,” she said.杜克大学的首席研究员莱恩·拉斯穆森博士说:“人到中年时的步行速度可以反映出随着时间的推移,他们身体和大脑的衰老程度如何。”她告诉《跑者世界》,这项研究最引人注目的一点是,研究者可以通过观察学步儿童的各种认知能力,比如他们在智力测试中的表现、他们的语言能力和情绪管理能力,来预测这些孩子中年时期的步行速度。她说:“步行速度不仅是一项衡量衰老的指标,也是衡量大脑终身健康状况的指标。” Does that mean those kids are destined to be slow walkers, and therefore at a disadvantage health-wise when they get older? Not necessarily, Rasmussen added, because there are ways to improve brain health. For example, running. “Although we didn’t investigate running speed in this study, typically people who love running are also able to walk very fast, because running keeps the brain’s capacity to control bipedal locomotion at its sharpest,” she said. “Running is an excellent way of keeping the body and mind in shape.”这是否意味着,这些孩子长大以后就必然会走路缓慢,他们年老之后的身体机能也必会处于劣势?拉斯穆森博士认为未必如此,因为大脑健康状况可以通过多种方式来改善,例如跑步。“虽然在这项研究中,我们并没有测试参与者的跑步速度,但通常来说,热爱跑步的人走路也很快,因为跑步会使大脑控制双足步行的能力保持在最敏锐的水平,”她说,“跑步是保持身心健康的绝佳方式。"  【VOCABULARY】 1. amble v. 缓行;漫步2. leisurely adj. 不慌不忙的;慢悠悠的3. gait n. 步态;步法4. biomarker n. 生物标志物;生理指标 5. body mass index 身体质量指数;体质指数6. cholesterol n. 胆固醇7. gum n. 牙龈;齿龈;牙床8. cardiorespiratory adj. 心和肺的9. neuroimaging n. 神经影像10. grip n. 紧握;紧抓11. toddler n. 初学走路的孩子12. bipedal locomotion 双足步行   (封面图片来源于摄图网,版权归摄图网所有)

双语阅读 | 可能让人变“丧”的五个生活习惯:频繁刷手机、饮食习惯差……

可能让人变“丧”的五个生活习惯:频繁刷手机、饮食习惯差……From Constantly Checking Your Phone to a Bad Diet – The 5 Everyday Habits That Could Be Harming Your Mental Health王淑怡 供稿Habits are things we do over and over again and are usually fairly harmless. But there are some that can be bad for our mental health. Vanessa Gebhardt, a psychologist, explained how breaking these harmful habits can help to have a positive effect. Here she highlights the reasons you could be struggling with your mental health.习惯是我们反复会做的事情,通常是没有任何坏处的。但是,有一些习惯可能对我们的心理健康产生影响。心理学家瓦妮莎·格巴德(Vanessa Gebhardt)阐述了改变这些坏习惯将如何带来积极的影响。她提出了可能导致心理健康问题的几点原因:1. Constantly checking your phone1. 经常刷手机A hurtful habit is being glued to our phones and checking them without even thinking about it. This mindless checking promotes the expectation of immediate gratification; in other words, looking for notifications which make us feel good and more connected.随时随地把手机带在身边、下意识地看手机是一种不良习惯。频繁刷手机会导致人们越来越追求即时满足;换句话说,就是不断寻找令我们感觉良好和更有归属感的信息。Research by De Montfort University recently found that checking your phone regularly can make you more distracted and forgetful, and that’s not to mention the negative impact this habit can have on your mental health. “To overcome this, monitor your screen time and be mindful of who you choose to follow, which online conversations or debates you choose to join, and focus on the positive posts, rather than the negative ones.”德蒙福特大学最近的研究发现,频繁看手机会让你更容易分心和健忘,更不用说这个习惯会对你的心理健康造成负面影响。“要克服这一点,你可以监控你的手机屏幕使用时间,谨慎选择关注对象以及加入哪些在线对话或讨论,多关注积极的帖子,而不是消极的帖子。”2. Being inside all day2. 整天待在家The coronavirus pandemic has been tough on many people as being inside all day can be difficult. Spending the majority of your day indoors can significantly increase your risk for depression, with lack of sunlight and vitamin D contributing to depressive symptoms.新冠疫情让人们不得不整天呆在家里,这对于许多人来说都非常煎熬。每天大部分时间呆在室内,会导致罹患抑郁症的风险明显增加,因为不晒太阳和缺乏维生素D会导致抑郁症状。Heading outside for a short walk can help and if you are still working from home simulating your commute to work is a great way to ensure you get out and about during the day. Simply grab a coffee and take a walk round the block before entering your ‘home office’; the natural light, change of scenery and exercise can boost your mental health, improve your mood, and increase your ability to concentrate.出去散散步可能会有所帮助;如果你仍然在家办工,假装上下班通勤也是一个能让你出门走走的好办法。在进入“家庭办公室”之前,你只需拿起咖啡,在街区里走一圈;自然光、不同的景致和体育锻炼都有益于你的心理健康,改善情绪,帮助你集中注意力。3. Sleeping too little3. 缺乏睡眠A lack of sleep can leave us feeling a little ropey, and this is because sleep deprivation leads to low mood, difficulty in concentrating, irritability, and getting more easily overwhelmed, which can negatively impact your mental health. Just one week of disturbed or poor sleep can increase stress levels, anger, and feelings of sadness, and it is a vicious cycle, with each of these factors making it more difficult to fall and stay asleep.缺乏睡眠会让我们状态很差,这是因为睡眠不足会导致情绪低落、注意力难以集中、易怒和容易崩溃,这会对你的心理健康产生负面影响。仅仅一周的低质量睡眠就会增加压力、愤怒和悲伤的情绪,这是一个恶性循环,每个因素都会使入睡和保持睡眠更加困难。If you have trouble sleeping, use techniques to relax and unwind before bed will help you to develop a sleep routine that works for you, helping you to feel energized and more positive during your waking hours.如果你入睡困难,可以在睡前运用一些技巧放松身体,这有助于养成适合自己的睡眠习惯,帮助你在清醒时保持充沛精力和积极情绪。4. Bad diet4. 不良饮食习惯If we’ve been gorging on sweets and chocolate, it can have a negative impact on our mood. High-sugar, processed foods like cakes, bread, and biscuits, as well as red meat can substantially raise the risk for depression and eating these sorts of foods on a regular basis could be one of the reasons your mental health is suffering.长期食用各种甜食和巧克力,可能会让我们的心情变差。蛋糕、面包、饼干等高糖加工食品以及红肉会大大增加罹患抑郁症的风险,经常吃这类食物可能影响你的心理健康。Studies have shown that eating these foods in large quantities, as well as low amounts of fruits and vegetables is associated with an increased risk of depression and mood disorders. To positively impact your mental health, pay close attention to the foods you are fueling your body and mind with, and opt for a diet full of fruits, vegetables, and wholegrains.研究表明,大量食用此类食物,且水果和蔬菜摄入较少,会增加患抑郁症和情绪障碍的风险。要对你的心理健康产生积极影响,就要密切注意你的身心所摄入的食物,选择富含水果、蔬菜和全麦的饮食。5. Lack of exercise5. 缺乏锻炼Exercising is brilliant for reducing stress and the feel-good endorphins released by exercise can be an instant mood-booster. Regular exercise can also help improve your energy levels and motivation, increasing feelings of happiness and reducing symptoms of depression, anxiety, and stress.锻炼有助于缓解压力,锻炼时会释放令人愉悦的内啡肽,可以让人心情瞬间变好。经常锻炼也能提高你的体能和动力,增加幸福感,减少抑郁、焦虑和压力。For maximum benefit, try to do at least 30 minutes of exercise three to five times a week. If you are not sure where to start, or are looking to switch up your fitness regime, fitness apps offer workouts which are suitable for any age and fitness level.为了达到最佳效果,可以尝试每次运动至少30分钟,每周运动3到5次。如果你不知道从哪里开始练起,或者想要改变健身计划,各种健身app可以根据你的年龄和体质为你提供合适的健身方案。【VOCABULARY】1.glue v. 使全神贯注2.immediate gratification 即时满足3.coronavirus n. 冠状病毒4.ropey adj. (非正式)不舒服的 ;破旧的,劣质的5.vicious adj. 恶毒的;恶意的;堕落的;有错误的6.unwind v. 放松7.gorge v. 贪婪地吃;狼吞虎咽8.wholegrains n. 全谷物;全麦9.endorphin n. [生化] 内啡肽(封面图片来源于摄图网,版权归摄图网所有)

练习 | 与“foot”有关的两个短语

与“foot”有关的两个短语Two expressions about "foot"刘立军 供稿TRANSCRIPTToday we talk about something that you might take for granted. You might notthink aboutthem or appreciate their value and worth. Your feet! We just expect them to be there when we need them.But our feet are very important. And they have managed to walk right into many English expressions. Let's talk about some.First, let's put our best foot forward.This means you act in the best possible way to show your best possible self. Sometimes we do this to impress others. But sometimes we just want to do the best job we can or be the best person we can.At work, people who put their best foot forward, work fast and do the job well.Here's another foot expression: To start off on the right foot.If something starts off on the right foot, it means it starts off in a good way. For example, you can start your day off on the right foot. You can start a class off on the right foot. If you start or get off on the right foot, you immediately have success when you begin an activity, a project, a job, or even a relationship.For example, when you are starting a new job, you want to start off on the right foot with your new coworkers. And if you have a new boyfriend or girlfriend, you really want to start off on the right foot with their parents. Maybe you just met a new friend. You also want to get off on the right foot with their group of friends.All of this means that you want to leave a good impression - especially when you first meet. In fact, we have a special saying about that: "You don't get a second chance to make a first impression."If you make a bad first impression, you have started off on the wrong foot. And it is harder to repair relationships when they start off poorly. Also, it is harder to get a project back on track if it started on the wrong foot.Some word experts say that ancient superstitions thought that the right foot was luckier than the left. So, it was good luck to start off with the right foot instead of the left.Now let's hear two friends use some of these expressions.A: Wow! You look great! Is that a new business suit?B: No. I've had this suit for years. But I think I've gained some weight during the pandemic.A: Well, it DOES look a little tight. Maybe try unbuttoning the jacket.B: Good idea.A: Your hair cut looks great too. So, where are you going all dressed up?B: Today I start a new job in a new office with new people.A: That's a big deal. I mean we've all been working from home for more than a year.B: Tell me about it! It feels strange to wear a suit. But with my new job I REALLY want to start off on the right foot. You know what they say: You don't get a second chance to make a first impression.A: In that case, maybe you should wear REAL shoes. It's hard to put your best foot forward wearing your house slippers.B: Oh no! I'm wearing slippers! I have to go all the way back home and get my shoes. Now, I'll be late!A: Looks like you have to choose: Start off on the wrong foot by showing up late or by wearing slippers.B: Hmm. You know, maybe no one will notice my footwear. But my boss will definitely notice if I'm late. So, I guess slippers it is!A: Just stay at your desk as much as you can. Good luck!B: Thanks! See you later!Hopefully you started your day off on the right foot with some English lessons from VOA Learning English!And that's all the time we have for this Words and Their Stories.Until next time. I'm Anna Matteo.VOCABULARY1. put your best foot forward:全力以赴,表现出你最佳的一面2. start off on the right foot:以正确的方式开始QUESTIONSRead the passage. Then listen to the news and fill in the blanks with the information (words, phrases or sentences) you hear.And now, Words and Their Stories, from VOA Learning English.Today we talk about something that you might (Q1) _________________________. You might notthink aboutthem or appreciate their value and worth. Your feet! We just expect them to be there when we need them.But our feet are very important. And they have managed to walk right into many English expressions. Let's talk about some.First, let's put our best foot forward.This means you act in the best possible way to(Q2) ____________________________________.Sometimes we do this to impress others. But sometimes we just want to do the best job we can or be the best person we can.At work, people who put their best foot forward, work fast and do the job well.Here's another foot expression: To start off on the right foot.If something starts off on the right foot, it means it starts off (Q3) ____________________________.For example, you can start your day off on the right foot. You can start a class off on the right foot. If you start or get off on the right foot, you immediately have success when you begin an activity, a project, a job, or even a relationship.For example, when you are starting a new job, you want to start off on the right foot with your new coworkers. And if you have a new boyfriend or girlfriend, you really want to start off on the right foot with their parents. Maybe you just met a new friend. You also want to get off on the right foot with their group of friends.All of this means that you want to leave a good impression - especially when you first meet. In fact, we have a special saying about that: "(Q4) __________________________________________."If you make a bad first impression, you have started off on the wrong foot. And it is harder to repair relationships when they start off poorly. Also, it is harder to get a project back on track if it started on the wrong foot.Some word experts say that ancient (Q5) ____________________thought that the right foot was luckier than the left. So, it was good luck to start off with the right foot instead of the left.Now let's hear two friends use some of these expressions.A: Wow! You look great! Is that a new (Q6) ______________________?B: No. I've had this suit for years. But I think I've gained some (Q7) ________________during the pandemic.A: Well, it DOES look a little tight. Maybe try (Q8) ____________________the jacket.B: Good idea.A: Your (Q9) ___________________looks great too. So, where are you going all dressed up?B: Today I start a new job in a new office with new people.A: That's a big deal. I mean we've all been working from home for more than a year.B: Tell me about it! It feels strange to wear a suit. But with my new job I REALLY want to (Q10) _____________________________.You know what they say: You don't get a second chance to make a first impression.A: In that case, maybe you should wear REAL shoes. It's hard to (Q11) _______________________wearing your house slippers.B: Oh no! I'm wearing (Q12) ________________________!I have to go all the way back home and get my shoes. Now, I'll be late!A: Looks like you have to choose: Start off on the wrong foot by showing up late or by wearing slippers.B: Hmm. You know, maybe no one will notice my footwear. But my boss will definitely notice if I'm late. So, I guess slippers it is!A: Just stay at your desk as much as you can. Good luck!B: Thanks! See you later!Hopefully you started your day off on the right foot with some English lessons from VOA Learning English!And that's all the time we have for this Words and Their Stories.Until next time. I'm Anna Matteo.KEY Read the passage. Then listen to the news and fill in the blanks with the information (words, phrases or sentences) you hear.And now, Words and Their Stories, from VOA Learning English.Today we talk about something that you might (Q1) take for granted. You might notthink aboutthem or appreciate their value and worth. Your feet! We just expect them to be there when we need them.But our feet are very important. And they have managed to walk right into many English expressions. Let's talk about some.First, let's put our best foot forward.This meansyou act in the best possible way to(Q2)show your best possible self.Sometimes we do this to impress others. But sometimes we just want to do the best job we can or be the best person we can.At work, people who put their best foot forward, work fast and do the job well.Here's another foot expression: To start off on the right foot.If something starts off on the right foot, it means it starts off (Q3) in a good way. For example, you can start your day off on the right foot. You can start a class off on the right foot. If you start or get off on the right foot, you immediately have success when you begin an activity, a project, a job, or even a relationship.For example, when you are starting a new job, you want to start off on the right foot with your new coworkers. And if you have a new boyfriend or girlfriend, you really want to start off on the right foot with their parents. Maybe you just met a new friend. You also want to get off on the right foot with their group of friends.All of this means that you want to leave a good impression - especially when you first meet. In fact, we have a special saying about that: "(Q4) You don't get a second chance to make a first impression."If you make a bad first impression, you have started off on the wrong foot. And it is harder to repair relationships when they start off poorly. Also, it is harder to get a project back on track if it started on the wrong foot.Some word experts say that ancient (Q5) superstitionsthought that the right foot was luckier than the left. So, it was good luck to start off with the right foot instead of the left.Now let's hear two friends use some of these expressions.A: Wow! You look great! Is that a new (Q6) business suit?B: No. I've had this suit for years. But I think I've gained some (Q7) weightduring the pandemic.A: Well, it DOES look a little tight. Maybe try (Q8) unbuttoningthe jacket.B: Good idea.A: Your (Q9) hair cutlooks great too. So, where are you going all dressed up?B: Today I start a new job in a new office with new people.A: That's a big deal. I mean we've all been working from home for more than a year.B: Tell me about it! It feels strange to wear a suit. But with my new job I REALLY want to (Q10) start off on the right foot. You know what they say: You don't get a second chance to make a first impression.A: In that case, maybe you should wear REAL shoes. It's hard to (Q11) put your best foot forwardwearing your house slippers.B: Oh no! I'm wearing (Q12) slippers! I have to go all the way back home and get my shoes. Now, I'll be late!A: Looks like you have to choose: Start off on the wrong foot by showing up late or by wearing slippers.B: Hmm. You know, maybe no one will notice my footwear. But my boss will definitely notice if I'm late. So, I guess slippers it is!A: Just stay at your desk as much as you can. Good luck!B: Thanks! See you later!(封面图片来源于摄图网,版权归摄图网所有)

练习 | 你喜欢肥皂剧吗

你喜欢肥皂剧吗Do you like soap operas?刘立军 供稿TRANSCRIPTOn this program we talk about common expressions in American English.And on today's show we will talk about a very common household object.People used it thousands of years ago and most likely you used it today. I am talking about soap. History experts say instructions for making soap were reportedly found on a clay Babylonian tablet. Ancient Egyptian, Chinese and Roman cultures also used some kind of soap. Today there are many different types of soap - from bars to liquid, from scentedto plain. There are soaps to clean our bodies, our pets, our cars and our homes. Advertising for these products is big business.In fact, it is this connection to advertising that has given us the name of a very popular form of entertainment - soap operas. Just as many cultures have their own kinds of soaps, they also have their own kinds of soap operas - complicated stories about human relationships. Many years ago (in the U.S.), they were the first programs to be paid for by soap-making companies. Companies that made soaps, detergents and other cleaning products originally broadcast their commercials during these shows.And who was mainly watching these daytime shows? Housewives. So, these commercials were aimed at women who may have been cleaning their homes while watching the television program. So, that is where the "soap" part of the name "soap opera" comes from.But what about "opera"? Why not call them "soap shows"? Well, in soap operas, the human stories that play out are extreme. The characters and situations of the shows are over-the-top! They probably would not happen in real life. In fact, that is why many people criticize or make fun of soaps. They are too unrealistic.But who cares?! Not the people who love soap operas, that's for sure. People do not watch soap operas to see real life or to learn valuable lessons. Soap operas are escapist entertainment. You get to escape your own life and live dangerously in someone else's for about an hour at a time. As you may have noticed during this program, we often call soap operas just "soaps," as in, "Don't bother Felicia right now. She is catching up on all her soaps."Now, some people may not want to admit that they enjoy watching such a show. For this reason, some people call soap operas their "guilty pleasure." Guilty pleasures appeal to our secret desires, the ones we do not like to publicly share. You watch something, enjoy it and then feel a little guilty afterward. People who watch soap operas - either daytime or nighttime soaps - are usually very loyal followers. In fact, it is this audience loyalty that appealed to advertisers in the first place.Soaps can be very addictive. Their stories are open-ended. Each episode leads to the next, to the next, to the next. And they usually end on some sort of cliffhanger, or an especially exciting ending. You really want to know what will happen next. "Tune in next week!" And you do tune in next week.You can't wait to find out what happens! That is how a soap opera gets you hooked. But that's not all! I have so much more to tell you next week on Words and Their Stories.I'm Anna Matteo.VOCABULARY1. scentedadj.having a strong pleasant smell 散发着浓香的;芬芳的2. cliffhangern.a situation in a story, film / movie, competition, etc. that is very exciting because you cannot guess what will happen next, or you do not find out immediately what happens next (故事、电影、竞赛等扣人心弦的)悬念。例如:The first part of the serial ended with a real cliffhanger.这部连续剧的第一集以扣人心弦的悬念而告终。QUESTIONSRead the passage. Then listen to the news and fill in the blanks with the information (words, phrases or sentences) you hear.On this program we talk about (Q1) ________________________in American English.And on today's show we will talk about a very common household object.People used it thousands of years ago and most likely you used it today. I am talking about soap. History experts say instructions for making soap were reportedly found on a clay Babylonian tablet. Ancient Egyptian, Chinese and Roman cultures also used some kind of soap. Today there are many different types of soap - from bars to liquid, from scented to plain. There are soaps to clean our bodies, our pets, our cars and our homes. Advertisingfor these products is big business.In fact, it is this (Q2) _______________to advertising that has given us the name of a very popular form of (Q3) ________________-soap operas. Just as many cultures have their own kinds of soaps, they also have their own kinds of soap operas - complicated stories about(Q4) ________________________. Many years ago (in the U.S.), they were the first programs to be paid for by soap-making companies. Companies that made soaps, detergents and other cleaning products originally broadcast their commercials during these shows.And who was mainly watching these daytime shows? (Q5) _______________. So, these commercials were aimed at women who may have been cleaning their homes while watching the television program. So, that is where the "soap" part of the name "soap opera" comes from.But what about "opera"? Why not call them "soap shows"? Well, in soap operas, the human stories that play out are extreme. The characters and situations of the shows are over-the-top! They probably would not happen in real life. In fact, that is why many people criticize or make fun of soaps. They are too (Q6) _______________.But who cares?! Not the people who love soap operas, that's for sure. People do not watch soap operas to see real life or to learn valuable lessons. Soap operas are escapist entertainment. You get to (Q7) ______________ your own life and live dangerously in someone else's for about an hour at a time. As you may have noticed during this program, we often call soap operas just "soaps," as in, "Don't bother Felicia right now. She is catching up on all her soaps."Now, some people may not want to admit that they enjoy watching such a show. For this reason, some people call soap operas their "guilty pleasure." Guilty pleasures appeal to our secret desires, the ones we do not like to publicly share. You watch something, enjoy it and then feel a little guilty afterward. People who watch soap operas - either daytime or nighttime soaps - are usually very loyal followers. In fact, it is this (Q8) _________________that appealed to advertisers in the first place.Soaps can be very (Q9) ____________. Their stories are open-ended. Each episode leads to the next, to the next, to the next. And they usually end on some sort of (Q10) ______________________, or an especially exciting ending. You really want to know what will happen next. "Tune in next week!" And you do tune in next week.You can't wait to find out what happens! That is how a soap opera gets you hooked. But that's not all! I have so much more to tell you next week on Words and Their Stories. I'm Anna Matteo.KEY Read the passage. Then listen to the news and fill in the blanks with the information (words, phrases or sentences) you hear.On this program we talk about (Q1) common expressionsin American English.And on today's show we will talk about a very common household object.People used it thousands of years ago and most likely you used it today. I am talking about soap. History experts say instructions for making soap were reportedly found on a clay Babylonian tablet. Ancient Egyptian, Chinese and Roman cultures also used some kind of soap. Today there are many different types of soap - from bars to liquid, from scented to plain. There are soaps to clean our bodies, our pets, our cars and our homes. Advertisingfor these products is big business.In fact, it is this (Q2) connectionto advertising that has given us the name of a very popular form of (Q3)entertainment- soap operas. Just as many cultures have their own kinds of soaps, they also have their own kinds of soap operas - complicated stories about(Q4)human relationships. Many years ago (in the U.S.), they were the first programs to be paid for by soap-making companies. Companies that made soaps, detergents and other cleaning products originally broadcast their commercials during these shows.And who was mainly watching these daytime shows? (Q5) Housewives. So, these commercials were aimed at women who may have been cleaning their homes while watching the television program. So, that is where the "soap" part of the name "soap opera" comes from.But what about "opera"? Why not call them "soap shows"? Well, in soap operas, the human stories that play out are extreme. The characters and situations of the shows are over-the-top! They probably would not happen in real life. In fact, that is why many people criticize or make fun of soaps. They are too (Q6) unrealistic.But who cares?! Not the people who love soap operas, that's for sure. People do not watch soap operas to see real life or to learn valuable lessons. Soap operas are escapist entertainment. You get to (Q7) escapeyour own life and live dangerously in someone else's for about an hour at a time. As you may have noticed during this program, we often call soap operas just "soaps," as in, "Don't bother Felicia right now. She is catching up on all her soaps."Now, some people may not want to admit that they enjoy watching such a show. For this reason, some people call soap operas their "guilty pleasure." Guilty pleasures appeal to our secret desires, the ones we do not like to publicly share. You watch something, enjoy it and then feel a little guilty afterward. People who watch soap operas - either daytime or nighttime soaps - are usually very loyal followers. In fact, it is this (Q8) audience loyaltythat appealed to advertisers in the first place.Soaps can be very (Q9) addictive. Their stories are open-ended. Each episode leads to the next, to the next, to the next. And they usually end on some sort of (Q10) cliffhanger, or an especially exciting ending. You really want to know what will happen next. "Tune in next week!" And you do tune in next week.You can't wait to find out what happens! That is how a soap opera gets you hooked. But that's not all! I have so much more to tell you next week on Words and Their Stories. I'm Anna Matteo.(封面图片来源于摄图网,版权归摄图网所有)

练习 | 中国发射神舟十二号

中国发射神舟十二号China launches the Shenzhou-12 spacecraft刘立军 供稿TRANSCRIPTScientists and workers at a Chinese satellite launch center in the Gobi desert are making their final preparations for the launch of the Shenzhou-12 spacecraft - a high-stakes crewed mission and China's first crewed launch in years, Reuters Maha Albadrawi reports. China will send three astronauts into orbit on Thursday, the first of four crewed space flights to complete the country's space station by the end of next year. Nie Haisheng, Liu Boming, and Tang Hongbo will launch into orbit aboard the spacecraft that morning from Jiuquan in northwestern Gansu province. Construction of China's space station began in April with the launch of Tianhe, the first and largest of three modules. It will be Tang Honbo's first space outing. That's Reuters Maha Albadrawi. Reporting by remote, I'm David Byrd, VOA News.VOCABULARY1. high-stakes adj. 高风险的2. orbit n. a curved path followed by a planet or an object as it moves around another planet, star,moon, etc. (天体等运行的)轨道。例如:the earth's orbit around the sun地球环绕太阳的轨道3. module n. a unit of a spacecraft that can function independently of the main part (航天器上独立的)舱。例如:the lunar module登月舱QUESTIONSRead the statements. Then listen to the news and decide whether the statements are true (T) or false (F).1. The Shenzhou-12 spacecraft is a high-stakes crewed mission and China's second crewed launch in years.2. China will send four astronauts into orbit on Thursday.3. This is the third of four crewed space flights to complete the country's space station by the end of next year.4. Construction of China's space station began in April with the launch of Tianhe.5. It will be Tang Honbo's second space outing.KEYRead the statements. Then listen to the news and decide whether the statements are true (T) or false (F).(F) 1. The Shenzhou-12 spacecraft is a high-stakes crewed mission and China's second crewed launch in years. (正确表达)The Shenzhou-12 spacecraft is a high-stakes crewed mission and China's first crewed launch in years.(F) 2. China will send four astronauts into orbit on Thursday. (正确表达)China will send three astronauts into orbit on Thursday.(F) 3. This is the third of four crewed space flights to complete the country's space station by the end of next year. (正确表达)This is the first of four crewed space flights to complete the country's space station by the end of next year.(T) 4. Construction of China's space station began in April with the launch of Tianhe.(F) 5. It will be Tang Honbo's second space outing. (正确表达)It will be Tang Honbo's first space outing.(封面图片来源于摄图网,版权归摄图网所有)

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